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ACT ON THE TREATMENT OF PROTECTED JUVENILES, ETC.

Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007

Amended by Act No. 9847, Dec. 29, 2009

Act No. 10274, May 4, 2010

Act No. 10339, jun. 4, 2010

Act No. 10541, Apr. 5, 2011

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013

Act No. 12190, Jan. 7, 2014

Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to provide for the necessary matters pertaining to the treatment and correctional education of protected juveniles, etc. as well as the organization, functions and management of juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 2 (Duties)
(1) The duty of each juvenile reformatory is to admit and conduct correctional education for juveniles (hereinafter referred to as "protected juveniles") committed by or sent from each Juvenile Department of the Family Court or the District Court (hereinafter referred to as "Juvenile Department of the Court") under Article 32 (1) 7 through 10 of the Juvenile Act. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(2) Juvenile Classification Review Boards shall perform each of the following duties: <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
1. Admittance and classification review of juveniles committed by the Juvenile Department of the Court under Article 18 (1) 3 of the Juvenile Act (hereinafter referred to as "committed juveniles");
2. Admittance and classification review of juveniles (hereinafter referred to as "detained juveniles") detained under Article 42 (1) of the Act on Probation, etc.;
3. Counseling for and examinations of juveniles committed by the Juvenile Department of the Court for counseling and an examination as part of a specialist's diagnosis under Article 12 of the Juvenile Act;
4. Examinations of behaviors, environment, etc. of juveniles committed by the prosecutor with respect to cases wherein juveniles are suspects under Article 49-2 of the Juvenile Act;
5. Classification review of juveniles committed by the director of a juvenile reformatory or the head of a probation office, who do not fall under the provisions of subparagraphs 1 through 4.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 3 (Management and Organization)
(1) The Minister of Justice shall manage juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards.
(2) The name, location, organization and other necessary matters concerning juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 4 (Classification, etc. of Juvenile Reformatories)
(1) The Minister of Justice may, if it is deemed necessary for treatment of protected juveniles, have juvenile reformatories classified, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, into elementary and secondary education, vocational ability development training, and medical rehabilitation, etc. according to their functions and put them into operation.
(2) A juvenile reformatory performing the function of medical rehabilitation under paragraph (1) is deemed to be a facility for medical protection of juveniles under Article 32 (1) 7 of the Juvenile Act. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 5 (Basic Principle of Treatment)
(1) The director of a juvenile reformatory or the head of a Juvenile Classification Review Board (hereinafter referred to as the "Director") shall consider the protection of civil rights as the first priority in the treatment of protected juveniles, committed juveniles or detained juveniles (hereinafter referred to as "protected juveniles, etc."), and shall aim at fostering protected juveniles, etc. to have the capabilities to adapt to society and return to society as good juveniles by creating an environment appropriate for their mental and physical development and by maximizing their growth potential possible under stable and orderly living conditions. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(2) Protected juveniles shall be given a gradually-elevated treatment in accordance with the level of improvement and advancement of their conducts.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 6 (Scale, etc. of Juvenile Reformatories, etc.)
(1) The scale of a newly established juvenile reformatory or Juvenile Classification Review Board shall be kept so that the maximum admittance number thereof may not exceed 150: Provided, That such scale may be enlarged in consideration of the functions, locations, and other circumstances of the relevant juvenile reformatory or Juvenile Classification Review Board.
(2) Living quarters installed in juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards shall be composed on a small scale, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, so as to treat protected juveniles, etc. in a manner suitable for their peculiarities.
(3) Living quarters and other facilities for internment life of juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards shall be installed so as to answer the purposes and functions thereof.
(4) Living quarters in juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards shall have appropriate space for the sound life and growth of protected juveniles, etc., and facilities for lighting, ventilation, and warming.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016]
CHAPTER II ADMITTANCE AND PROTECTION
 Article 7 (Admittance Procedures)
(1) The admittance of protected juveniles, etc. into a juvenile reformatory or a Juvenile Classification Review Board shall be conducted by a written decision of the juvenile division of a court, a written permit for transfer issued by the Minister of Justice, or a letter of permission for detention issued by a judge of a district court. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(2) The Director shall conduct a medical examination and take necessary hygienic measures without delay for newly admitted, protected juveniles, etc.
(3) The Director shall notify the guardians of newly admitted, protected juveniles, etc. or persons appointed by protected juveniles, etc. (hereinafter referred to as "guardians, etc.") of their admittance without delay.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 8 (Classified Treatment)
(1) The Director shall provide proper treatment to protected juveniles, etc. including assigning them separate living quarters, in consideration of their individual peculiarities, such as mental and physical circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(2) Protected juveniles, etc. shall be separately admitted based on the following standards: <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
1. Male or female;
2. Protected juveniles, committed juveniles, or detained juveniles.
(3) Protected juveniles reprimanded under Article 32 (1) 7 of the Juvenile Act shall be admitted to a juvenile reformatory corresponding to a facility for medical protection of juveniles under Article 4 (2). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 8-2 Deleted. <by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
 Article 9 (Revision, etc. of Protective Disposition)
(1) Where a protected juvenile falls under any of the following cases, the director of a juvenile reformatory may request the juvenile division of the court having jurisdiction over the location of such juvenile reformatory to revise a protective disposition under Article 37 of the Juvenile Act:
1. Where considering that the protected juvenile proves to be a serious patient, reformatory education can hardly be deemed effective for him/her, his/her life would be in danger, if he/she is interned to a juvenile reformatory or if long-term medical treatment is required for him/her;
2. Where special protection is required for the protected juvenile due to his/her significant mental or physical incapacity, pregnancy, childbirth (including abortion and stillbirth), or similar;
3. Where it is necessary to extend the period of protection to conduct reformatory education for the protected juvenile who disturbs the safety and order of the relevant facilities.
(2) Where a committed protected juvenile falls under any subparagraph of paragraph (1), the director of a Juvenile Classification Review Board may present an opinion in favor of revocation, revision, or extension of a provisional disposition under Article 18 of the Juvenile Act to the juvenile division of the court who made the decision for committal.
(3) Where a detained juvenile falls under paragraph (1) 1 or 2, the director of a Juvenile Classification Review Board may present an opinion in favor of revocation of permission for detention to the judge of a district court who permitted such detention, or to the juvenile division of the court having jurisdiction over the location of such Juvenile Classification Review Board.
(4) Where, after such opinion under paragraph (3) has been presented, the judge of a district court or the judge of the juvenile division of a court determines to revoke permission for detention, the director of a Juvenile Classification Review Board shall inform without delay such fact to the head of the probation office having jurisdiction over such detained juvenile.
(5) Where revising a protective disposition under paragraph (1), the provisions concerning protection cases of Chapter II of the Juvenile Act shall also apply to protected juveniles at the age of at least 19, notwithstanding Articles 2 and 38 (1) of the Juvenile Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016]
 Article 10 (Interviews by Director)
The Director shall conduct interviews with protected juveniles, etc. from time to time to hear about their personal situation and treatment.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 11 (Petitions)
Protected juveniles, etc. may submit a written petition to the Minister of Justice when they are dissatisfied with their treatment.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 12 (Transfers)
(1) The director of a juvenile reformatory may, where transferring any protected juvenile to another juvenile reformatory is deemed appropriate for his/ her separate admittance, correctional education, or any other reason, make such transfer by obtaining permission from the Minister of Justice. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(2) Protected juveniles who have been reprimanded under Article 32 (1) 7 of the Juvenile Act shall not be transferred to any juvenile reformatory not qualifying as a facility for medical protection of juveniles under Article 4 (2). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 13 (Preparation for Emergencies, etc.)
(1) The Director shall establish an emergency plan to prepare for force majeure or other disasters or emergent situations, and conduct necessary training for protected juveniles, etc. including evacuation drills, etc.
(2) Where force majeure or other disasters or emergent situations occur and it is deemed that no safe means of evacuation is available in the relevant facility, the Director may move protected juveniles, etc. to other appropriate places temporarily.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 14 (Prevention of Accidents, etc.)
(1) If any concern exists over protected juveniles, etc. such as escaping, rioting, creating violence, self-injury, or other accidents, the Director shall take preventive measures as needed.
(2) If a protected juveniles, etc. escapes from a juvenile reformatory or a Juvenile Classification Review Board, public officials belonging to the facility may re-admit him/her.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 14-2 (Use of Protection Equipment)
(1) Kinds of protection equipment are as follows: <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013; Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
1. Handcuffs;
2. Ropes;
3. Gas guns;
4. Electronic shock machine;
5. Head protection equipment.
(2) In any of the following cases, the Director may cause public officials belonging to his/her facility to use handcuffs or ropes for protected juveniles, etc: <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
1. When necessary to prevent escape, rioting, creating violence, self-injury, or committing suicide;
2. When protected juveniles, etc. are escorted for investigation and examination by the court or the public prosecutors’ office, transfer, or other reasons;
3. Otherwise when the safety or order of the juvenile reformatory or the Juvenile Classification Review Board is feared to be substantially disturbed.
(3) In any of the following cases, the Director may cause public officials belonging to his/her facility to use gas guns or electronic shock machine in addition to handcuffs or ropes for protected juveniles, etc.: <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013; Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
1. When a protected juvenile, etc. leaves without permission, attempts suicide, or hurts himself/herself, or when he/she intends to leave without permission, attempt suicide, or hurt himself/herself;
2. When a protected juvenile, etc. inflicts or intends to inflict injury to others;
3. When a protected juvenile, etc. interferes in the execution of any public official’s justifiable duty by the use of force;
4. When a protected juvenile, etc. inflicts or intends to inflict damage to the facilities, instruments, etc. of the juvenile reformatory or the Juvenile Classification Review Board;
5. Otherwise when a protected juvenile, etc. undermines or intends to undermine the security and order of facilities seriously.
(4) If gas guns or electronic shock machine are used under paragraph (3), the other party shall be warned in advance: Provided, That this shall not apply if there is limited warning time due to urgent circumstances. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(5) Where a protected juvenile, etc. is much likely to injure himself/herself, the Director may order any relevant public officials to have such protected juvenile, etc. use head protection equipment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(6) Protection equipment shall be used to the minimum necessary extent, and the use of protection equipment shall be interrupted without delay when it becomes unnecessary to use it. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(7) No protection equipment shall be used as punitive means. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(8) Matters necessary for the usage and management of protection equipment shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 14-3 (Installation and Operation of Electronic Equipment)
(1) In a juvenile reformatory or a Juvenile Classification Review Board, electronic equipment may be installed and operated to the minimum extent necessary for prevention of: escape, disturbance, assault, self-injury, and suicide of protected juveniles, etc., and the attempt to harm life, body, security or order of the facility for protected juveniles, etc. (hereafter in this Article, referred to as “self-injury, etc.”). <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(2) The operation and usage of electronic visual equipment in a bathhouse, washroom, or restroom used by protected juveniles, etc. may be done only when there is serious possibility of self-injury, etc. In such cases, when supervising protected juveniles, etc. by means of electronic visual equipment, only female public official shall participate in supervising female protected juveniles, etc. and only male public official shall participate in supervising male protected juveniles, etc. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(3) When electronic equipment is installed and operated pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), the human rights of protected juveniles, etc. shall not be infringed. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(4) Matters necessary for the kinds, installing places, and usages of electronic equipment, and the management of the visually recorded documentary shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013]
 Article 14-4 (Violations of Disciplines)
No protected juveniles, etc. shall commit any of the following:
1. Violating the Criminal Act, the Punishment of Violences, etc. Act, other Acts regarding criminal affairs;
2. Injuring himself/herself for the purpose of accomplishing his/her demand, including demand for life convenience;
3. Composing or joining an organization, or instigating the general public for the purpose of disturbing the safety and order of juvenile reformatories or Juvenile Classification Review Boards;
4. Carrying in prohibited goods, or manufacturing, carrying, using, giving or taking, exchanging, or concealing them;
5. Refusing or neglecting education, etc. without just grounds;
6. Violating the disciplines prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice to maintain the safety and order of facilities.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016]
 Article 15 (Disciplinary Action)
(1) Where a protected juvenile, etc. commits a violation falling under any subparagraph of Article 14-4, the Director may take any of the following disciplinary action: <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
1. Admonishment;
2. Service activities within the facility;
3. Written apology;
4. Restriction on watching TV for not more than 20 days;
5. Suspension of group athletic activities for not more than 20 days;
6. Suspension of participation in joint events for not more than 20 days;
7. Order to be on good behavior in a designated indoor area for not more than 20 days.
(2) Dispositions referred to in paragraph (1) 3 through 6 may be concurrently imposed. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(3) No disposition referred to in paragraph (1) 7 shall be imposed against protected juveniles. etc. under the age of 14. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(4) With respect to protected juveniles, etc. receiving a disposition referred to in paragraph (1) 7, restrictions on treatments referred to in paragraph (1) 4 through 6 shall be imposed concurrently for the same period as such disposition: Provided, That, if deemed particularly necessary for the reformation and rehabilitation of such protected juveniles, etc., the Director may permit them to watch TV or participate in group athletic activities or joint events. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(5) Where a protected juvenile receives disciplinary action falling under any subparagraph of paragraph (1), the director of a juvenile reformatory shall deduct points from the correctional record of the said protected juvenile pursuant to the standards prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice.
(6) Disciplinary action shall be taken in an instructive manner in consideration of the mental and physical condition of the relevant protected juveniles, etc.
(7) Where the Director takes disciplinary action against protected juveniles, etc. pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall inform the guardians of such protected juveniles, etc. of such fact without delay. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(8) The Director may consult with the guardians of protected juveniles, etc. in receipt of disciplinary action. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 16 (Rewards)
(1) The Director may reward protected juveniles, etc. whose correctional record is excellent or whose behaviors are exemplary to others.
(2) The Director may give specially favorable treatment to a protected juvenile, etc. rewarded under paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 17 (Provisions, etc.)
(1) Clothing, bedding, school supplies, and other goods necessary for the treatment of protected juvenile, etc. shall be provided or lent to protected juveniles, etc.
(2) Protected juveniles, etc. shall be provided with the main and subsidiary food, beverage, and other nutritional material, the quantity of which should be sufficient to maintain the health and promote the mental and physical development of protected juveniles, etc.
(3) Standards for the kinds and quantities of materials provided and lent under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 18 (Visits, Correspondence, and Telephone Calls)
(1) The Director shall permit visits to a protected juvenile, etc. except when deemed harmful to the protection and correctional education of protected juveniles, etc. including where there is a considerable reason for doubt that such protected juvenile, etc. is keeping contact with a misconduct group: Provided, That visits to a protected juvenile, etc. subject to disciplinary action referred to in Article 15 (1) 7 shall only be permitted where the counterpart is his/her attorney-at-law or assistant (hereinafter referred to as “attorney-at-law, etc.”), or his/her guardian. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(2) Public officials belonging to the facility may attend visits to protected juveniles, etc. and provide guidance so that protection and correctional education may not be disrupted. In such cases, such public officials may interrupt the visit where such meeting is deemed to hinder the protection and correctional education of protected juveniles, etc. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of the former part of paragraph (2), no public officials belonging to the facility shall attend visits by an attorney-at-law, etc. to protected juveniles, etc.: Provided, That they may watch protected juveniles, etc. from a visible distance. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(4) When any correspondence of protected juveniles, etc., is deemed to hinder protection and correctional education thereof, including correspondence with a person who committed any misconduct jointly with them, the Director may restrict or censor such correspondence. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(5) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (4), correspondence of protected juveniles, etc. exchanged with an attorney-at-law, etc. may neither be restricted nor censored, except when it cannot be verified that the counterpart is an attorney-at-law, etc. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(6) The Director may grant permission to speak by telephone with his/her family, etc. within the limit of not disrupting the protection and correctional education of protected juveniles, etc., including restricting telephone calls with a person deemed harmful to correctional education of protected juveniles, etc., such as an accomplice <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013; Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(7) Detailed scope of restriction on permission for visit and interruption of visit referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2), restriction on the correspondence referred to in paragraph (4), and causes for restriction on telephone calls referred to in paragraph (6) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(8) Matters necessary for the operation of telephones installed in a juvenile reformatory or a Juvenile Classification Review Board so as to make phone calls referred to in paragraph (6) shall be determined by the Minister of Justice. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 19 (Outings)
The director of a juvenile reformatory may permit outings by a protected juvenile upon request of himself/herself, his/her guardian, etc. or ex officio in any of the following cases : <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
1. When a lineal ascendant is critically ill or dies;
2. On the 60th birthday of a lineal ascendant or the wedding day of his/ her brothers and sisters;
3. When a casualty occurs or the property is seriously damaged at the home of the protected juvenile, etc. due to force majeure or other reasons;
4. When outings are needed due to military service, study, or illness;
5. When it is deemed especially necessary for correctional education.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 20 (Medical Care)
(1) When a protected juvenile, etc. falls ill, the Director shall give appropriate medical care for the illness without delay.
(2) When deemed difficult to provide medical care in a juvenile reformatory or a Juvenile Classification Review Board pursuant to paragraph (1), the Director may permit medical care to be provided at outside medical institutions
(3) When protected juveniles, etc. themselves or their guardians, etc. wish to obtain medical care at their own expense, the Director may permit such care.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 21 (Prevention of Communicable Diseases and Emergency Measures)
(1) When any communicable disease breaks out or is likely to break out at a juvenile reformatory or a juvenile classification and examination center, the director shall take preventive measures. <Amended by Act No. 9847, Dec. 29, 2009>
(2) The director shall, when protected juveniles, etc. have been infected with a communicable disease, isolate them without delay, and take necessary emergency measures for them. <Amended by Act No. 9847, Dec. 29, 2009>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 22 (Provisional Custody and Return of Money and Valuables)
(1) Where money, clothes, and other items possessed by protected juveniles, etc. are retained provisionally, the Director shall retain them safe and issue a receipt thereof to the protected juveniles, etc.
(2) Where it is no longer necessary to retain money and other valuables due to such reasons as release, temporary release, death, escape, etc. of protected juveniles, etc., the Director shall return them to the protected juveniles, etc. or their guardians, etc. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(3) Any money and valuables not returned pursuant to paragraph (2) shall revert to the National Treasury or discarded unless any claim is filed by the protected juveniles, etc. themselves or their guardians, etc. within one year from the date when such reasons as release, temporary release, death, escape, etc. arise. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 23 (Parental Power or Guardianship)
Where protected juveniles, etc. who are minors have no person having parental power or guardianship, or where someone having parental power or guardianship is unable to exercise his/her rights, the Director may, by obtaining permission from the court, assume the duty of the person who has the parental power or the guardianship.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
CHAPTER III CLASSIFICATION REVIEW
 Article 24 (Classification Review)
(1) The purpose of classification review is to present the best guideline for treatment of juveniles subject to classification by identifying the causes of their delinquency or crime through examination of their body, character, talents, environment, education and work experience as prescribed by Article 2 (2).
(2) In reviewing for classification, the physical, psychological and environmental aspects of protected juveniles, etc. shall be examined and determined based on specialized knowledge and technology, such as psychology, educational science, sociology, social welfare science, criminology, medical science, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 25 (Classification Review Officers)
(1) Each Juvenile Classification Review Board shall appoint classification review officers in order to carry out duties pursuant to Article 2 (2).
(2) Classification review officers shall be equipped with academic attainments and specialized knowledge pursuant to Article 24 (2).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 26 (Juvenile Psychological Tests, etc.)
When a juvenile or his/her guardian under subparagraph 1 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Juveniles requests a juvenile psychological test for career exploration, such as an aptitude test or counseling, the head of a Juvenile Classification Review Board may comply with the request. In such cases, actual costs may be collected under conditions determined by the Minister of Justice.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 27 (Notices of Classification Review Results, etc.)
(1) The head of a Juvenile Classification Review Board shall issue to the Juvenile Department of the Court or the prosecutor a notice of the classification review, the results of and opinion on examination, etc. under Article 2 (2) 1 through 4. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(2) Where a juvenile provided for in Article 2 (2) 1 through 3 has received a decision of protective disposition, the head of a Juvenile Classification Review Board shall issue a notice of the results of and opinion on the classification review, or the results of and opinion on the counseling and examination regarding the juvenile, which may be perused by the juvenile reformatory or the probation office which executes the disposition through the information system, without delay. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(3) When the head of a Juvenile Classification Review Board has executed a classification review under Article 2 (2) 5 or a juvenile psychological test, etc. under Article 26, he/she shall notify the person requesting the classification review or psychological test, etc. of the results thereof, and may present necessary opinions. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
CHAPTER IV CORRECTIONAL EDUCATION, ETC.
 Article 28 (Principle of Correctional Education)
The correctional education of a juvenile reformatory shall enable protected juveniles to achieve growth and development as a whole person and smoothly adapt to society by providing elementary and secondary education, training for development of workplace skills, personality education, protection, guidance, etc. of their body and mind, etc. in an orderly life.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 29 (Establishment and Operation of Schools)
The Minister of Justice may establish and operate schools under subparagraphs 1 through 4 of Article 2 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act in a juvenile reformatory (hereinafter referred to as "juvenile reformatory schools") as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 29-2 (Special Cases concerning the Elementary and Secondary Education Act)
(1) Articles 4, 10, 11, 18, 18-2, 30-2, 30-3, 31, 31-2, 32 through 34, 34-2, and 63 through 65 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act shall not apply to juvenile reformatory schools. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013; Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(2) In applying Articles 6 through 9 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act to juvenile reformatory schools, “Minister of Education” shall be construed as “Minister of Justice.” <Amended by Act No. 10541, Apr. 5, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Minister of Education may make necessary recommendations to the Minister of Justice on matters concerning the Framework Act on Education and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (excluding the matters to which any application shall be excluded under paragraph (1)), and the Minister of Justice shall comply with them unless he/she presents a justifiable ground. <Amended by Act No. 10541, Apr. 5, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 29-3 (Special Cases concerning the Act on the Prevention of and Countermeasures against Violence in Schools)
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016]
 Article 30 (Teaching Staff, etc.)
(1) Juvenile reformatory schools shall have teaching staff who satisfy the qualifications under Article 21 (2) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and the teaching staff may be appointed as public officials in general service.
(2) Necessary matters pertaining to the career, number of working years and performance of duties, etc. of the teaching staff appointed as public officials in general service under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, they shall be subject to treatments equivalent to the teaching staff appointed under the Framework Act on Education and the Public Educational Officials Act.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), the principal of each juvenile reformatory school (hereinafter referred to as "juvenile reformatory school principal") may be concurrently served by the director of the juvenile reformatory wherein such juvenile reformatory school has been established, and the vice-principal may be concurrently served by the head of the department in charge of overall curricula of said juvenile reformatory, and prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Where deemed necessary for the efficient operation of education curricula of a juvenile reformatory school, the juvenile reformatory school principal may request the head of the competent office of education that the teaching staff of the juvenile reformatory school and the teaching staff of other middle and high schools carry out mutual exchange and cooperation, including exchange teaching.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 31 (Administration of School Register)
(1) The entrance of a protected juvenile to a juvenile reformatory school shall be deemed an entrance, transfer or enrollment under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
(2) The period of committal of any juvenile committed or detained to a Juvenile Classification Review Board, or reprimanded under Article 32 (1) 8 of the Juvenile Act while attending a school under Article 2 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act shall be counted in the school days in the relevant school. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(3) A juvenile reformatory school principal may, when enrolling a protected juvenile, issue a notice thereof to the principal of the school where such protected juvenile attended last (hereinafter referred to as "previously attended school"), and request him/her to send information related to the school register of the protected juvenile concerned.
(4) When asked under paragraph (3), the principal of the previously attended school shall send the school register records necessary for the continuity of the juvenile's education, to the juvenile reformatory school principal without delay.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 32 (Transfer to or Enrollment in another School)
When any protected juvenile files an application for transfer to or enrollment in another school, such as the previously attended school, etc. after being released or released on parole from a juvenile reformatory while attending the prescribed educational course in the juvenile reformatory school, the principal of such another school, such as the previously attended school, shall permit it unless he/she presents a justifiable ground.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 33 (Commuting)
When the director of each juvenile reformatory deems that it is necessary for a protected juvenile having an excellent corrective record to continue his/her study, he/she may allow such protected juvenile to commute to another school, such as the previously attended school.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 34 (Conferment of Diploma of Previously Attended School)
(1) Where any protected juvenile who has completed the prescribed educational course at a juvenile reformatory school intends to obtain a diploma of the previously attended school, the juvenile reformatory school principal may give notice of the school register records to the principal of the previously attended school, and request him/her to issue the diploma.
(2) The principal of a previously attended school who has received a request under paragraph (1) shall issue the diploma unless he/she presents a justifiable ground. In such cases, the school register records of the juvenile reformatory school concerning the relevant protected juvenile shall be deemed to be school register records of the previously attended school.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 35 (Vocational Ability Development Training)
(1) The vocational ability development training of a juvenile reformatory shall be prescribed by the Act on the Development of Workplace Skills of Workers.
(2) The director of a juvenile reformatory may carry out vocational ability development training with technical assistance or subsidies from an industrial corporation or carry out vocational ability development training at a facility other than the juvenile reformatory upon obtaining permission from the Minister of Justice.
(3) The Minister of Employment and Labor may provide the Minister of Justice with recommendations necessary for the vocational ability development training for protected juveniles. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 36 (Workplace Skill Development Training Instructors)
Instructors meeting the qualifications under the Act on the Development of Workplace Skills of Workers shall be placed in juvenile reformatories providing workplace skill development training.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 37 (Commuting for Job)
(1) When a protected juvenile has completed the prescribed workplace skill development training course, the director of a juvenile reformatory may allow the protected juvenile to commute to an industrial corporation for work.
(2) When a protected juvenile has commenced work under paragraph (1), the director of the juvenile reformatory shall ensure that the relevant industrial corporation abides by the provisions of the Labor Standards Act, and that any remuneration shall be paid to the protected juvenile.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 38 (Safety Control)
(1) In providing workplace skill development training, the director of a juvenile reformatory shall not require the protected juveniles to engage in any harmful or dangerous work.
(2) In providing workplace skill development training, if any concern exists over the occurrence of danger or injury to protected juveniles caused from machinery, tools, materials, or other facilities, the director of a juvenile reformatory shall take measures necessary for the prevention of such danger or injury.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 39 (Counseling and Guidance Services)
The Director shall render counseling and guidance to protected juveniles, etc. to help enhance their ability to govern themselves and foster their adaptability to a social life by solving immediate problems by themselves.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 40 (Special Activities)
To promote hobbies and talents of protected juveniles and to foster a democratic and cooperative attitude through experiences in group life, the director of a juvenile reformatory shall guide special activities of protected juveniles.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 41 (Educational Plans, etc.)
(1) To decide the progressive treatment considering a protected juvenile's age, educational background, aptitude, career plan or the difficulty of correction, and other factors, and to achieve the correctional objective at an early stage, the director of a juvenile reformatory shall establish and execute an educational plan.
(2) The director of a juvenile reformatory shall implement the education curricula formulated according to an educational plan referred to in paragraph (1), and evaluate the results thereof under conditions prescribed by the Minister of Justice so as to reflect such results in treatment of protected juveniles, including release from the reformatory, rewards, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 42 (School Inspections)
The Minister of Justice may allow a public official under his/her command to inspect the correctional education for evaluation and improvement of the results of correctional education.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 42-2 (Alternative Education, Delinquency Prevention, etc.)
(1) Juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards shall operate educational courses (hereinafter referred to as "alternative educational course") of the following subparagraphs in order to prevent delinquency and repeated offenses, or to help them adapt to society and provide an education centered on personality to juveniles.
1. An alternative education course ordered by a judge of the Juvenile Department of the Court under Article 32-2 (1) of the Juvenile Act;
2. Counselling, educational activities, etc. commissioned by a prosecutor under subparagraph 2 of Article 49-3 of the Juvenile Act;
3. Education commissioned by the school principal concerned for juveniles subject to disciplinary action pursuant to Article 18 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act;
4. Preventive education against school violence under Article 15 (3) of the Act on the Prevention of and Countermeasures against Violence in Schools, and a special education for an offender student and guardian under Article 17 of the same Act.
(2) The Director shall make positive efforts to prevent juvenile delinquency in local communities in cooperation with the administrative agency, local governments, school, other organizations, etc..
(3) Matters necessary for the operation of alternative education courses shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013]
 Article 42-3 (Education for Guardians)
(1) Juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards may provide an educational course for guardians centering around role improvement to the guardians who have been issued an order to receive education under Article 32-2 (3) of the Juvenile Act or the guardians of protected juveniles, etc.
(2) Matters necessary for the procedures, methods, etc. of education for guardians under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
CHAPTER V RELEASE
 Article 43 (Release)
(1) The director of each juvenile reformatory shall release protected juveniles when they attain 22 years of age.
(2) The director of each juvenile reformatory shall release protected juveniles immediately when they reach the maximum period of admittance under Article 32 (1) 8 of the Juvenile Act or Article 33 (1), (5), and (6) of the same Act. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(3) When the director of each juvenile reformatory deems that a protected juvenile (excluding protected juveniles transferred pursuant to Article 32 (1) 8 of the Juvenile Act) has good correctional records and the correctional objective has been achieved, he/she shall apply to the Probation Examination Committee pursuant to the Act on Probation, etc. for his/her release. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(4) The release of a committed juvenile or a detained juvenile from a Juvenile Classification Review Board shall be conducted by a notice of decision of the juvenile division of a court. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 44 (Release on Parole)
With regard to protected juveniles (excluding protected juveniles transferred pursuant to Article 32 (1) 8 of the Juvenile Act) for whom probation is deemed necessary, among persons having a good correctional record, the director of a juvenile reformatory shall apply to the Probation Examination Committee for release on parole under Article 22 (1) of the Act on Probation, etc. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 44-2 (Discharge of Protected Juveniles from Juvenile Reformatories)
Upon receipt of notice of permission for release or release on parole from the Minister of Justice under Article 25 of the Act on Probation, etc. with respect to an application referred to in Article 43 (3) or 44, the director of the relevant juvenile reformatory shall discharge the relevant protected juvenile on the planned discharge date specified in the relevant written permission: Provided, That this shall not apply when such protected juvenile continues to be interned pursuant to Article 46 (including continuous internment pursuant to Article 45 (3)).
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016]
 Article 45 (Delivery of Protected Juveniles)
(1) Where release or release on parole of a protected juvenile is permitted, the director of a juvenile reformatory shall notify the delivery of the protected juvenile to his/her guardians, etc., without delay.
(2) The director of a juvenile reformatory shall directly deliver the protected juvenile permitted to be released or released on parole to his/her guardian, etc.: Provided, That, where no guardian, etc. exists or a guardian, etc. does not receive the protected juvenile within ten days from the planned discharge date referred to in the main sentence of Article 44-2, the director may deliver the protected juvenile to any social welfare organization, a benevolent person, or other appropriate person. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(3) Protected juveniles shall be provided treatment equivalent to treatment in cases of continuous internment under Article 46 (1) until they are delivered to a social welfare organization, etc. pursuant to the proviso to paragraph (2). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 45-2 (Follow-up Guidance)
(1) The Director may give necessary support, such as learning promotion, protection and relief, and job arrangement so as for discharged protected juveniles, etc. to successfully settle in society. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(2) The period of support for social settlement prescribed in paragraph (1) (hereafter in this Article, referred to as “support for social settlement”) shall not exceed six months, which may be extended by up to six months only once. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(3) The Director may request the Juvenile Protection Association established under Article 51 and juvenile protection members placed under Article 51-2 to render cooperation for support for social settlement. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(4) Matters necessary for the procedures, methods, etc. of support for social settlement shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice. <Amended by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 46 (Continuous Admittance of Persons Released or Released on Parole)
(1) When a protected juvenile permitted to be released or released on parole becomes ill or if it is necessary for the benefit of the protected juvenile, he/she may be continuously admitted upon an application filed by himself/herself.
(2) The director of a juvenile reformatory shall, when the grounds for continuous admittance set forth in paragraph (1) no longer exist, deliver the protected juvenile to his/her guardians, etc. without delay.
(3) The director of a juvenile reformatory shall, when admitting a protected juvenile permitted to be released or released on parole continuously under conditions provided in paragraph (1), give notice thereof to the director of the probation office.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 47 (Offering of Articles and Travel Expenses for Returning Home)
When a protected juvenile permitted to be released or released on parole or when a protected juvenile has received a decision of change of disposition under Article 37 (1) of the Juvenile Act, the director of a juvenile reformatory may, if necessary, give articles or pay travel expenses to allow the juvenile to return home.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 48 (Re-Admittance in Cases Release on Parole Cancelled)
(1) The director of a juvenile reformatory shall without delay, re-admit juveniles whose release on parole have been cancelled under Article 48 of the Act on Probation, etc..
(2) The period of admittance of those re-admitted under paragraph (1) shall be the remaining period of the maximum period of admittance.
(3) Juveniles re-admitted under paragraph (1) shall receive treatments equivalent to those of newly admitted one.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
CHAPTER VI SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 49 (Permission, etc. of Visits)
(1) Anyone who intends to visit a juvenile reformatory or a Juvenile Classification Review Board for counseling of protected juveniles, etc., academic research, or any other purposes, shall obtain permission from the Director by describing the object or purpose of the visit in detail.
(2) Anyone who intends to conduct a survey without visiting a juvenile reformatory or a Juvenile Classification Review Board shall consult with the Director about the content in advance.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013]
 Article 50 (Request for Cooperation)
(1) The Director may, when deemed specifically necessary for the correctional education, classification review or examination of protected juveniles, etc. under Article 2, request an administrative agency, school, hospital, or any other entity to provide necessary cooperation. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(2) Justifiable grounds shall be presented for refusal of a request filed under paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 50-2 (Juvenile Psychological Counseling Room)
(1) The head of a Juvenile Classification Review Board may establish and operate a juvenile psychological counseling room for the purpose of dealing with duties under Article 26.
(2) Matters necessary for the establishment and operation of a juvenile psychological counseling room under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 51 (Juvenile Protection Association)
(1) For proper guidance of protected juveniles, etc., a Juvenile Protection Association comprised of persons with profound academic knowledge and experience on juvenile guidance may be established under the supervision of the Minister of Justice.
(2) Matters necessary for the establishment, organization, and operation of the Juvenile Protection Association shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The State may provide subsidies to the Juvenile Protection Association.
(4) Where the State deems it necessary for the support of correctional education and rehabilitation of protected juveniles, etc., and the prevention of juvenile delinquency, the State may, notwithstanding the State Property Act, loan the facilities of juvenile reformatories, Juvenile Classification Review Boards, and probation and parole offices established under Article 14 of the Act on Probation, etc., and other State property prescribed by Presidential Decree, to the Juvenile Protection Association without compensation, or permit the Association to use such facilities. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10274, May 4, 2010; Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(5) Where lending, or permitting the use of, State property without compensation pursuant to paragraph (4), the lending or using period shall be as prescribed by Article 35 (1) or 46 (1) of the State Property Act. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(6) With respect to any State property for which the lending period or permitted using period prescribed in paragraph (5) expires, the former contract for lending such State property or the period for permitting the use thereof may be renewed within a time span not exceeding such lending period or permitted using period. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
(7) The State or a local government may reduce or exempt national taxes or local taxes with respect to the Juvenile Protection Association, as prescribed by the Restriction of Special Taxation Act and the Restriction of Special Local Taxation Act. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
[Paragraphs (4) through (6) of this Article shall remain in force until December 31, 2024 pursuant to the provisions of Article 2 of the Addenda to Act No. 14105 (Mar. 29, 2016)]
 Article 51-2 (Juvenile Protection Members)
(1) Juvenile protection members may be placed to support education and follow-up guidance of protected juveniles, etc.
(2) The post of juvenile protection member shall be an honorary post, and shall be commissioned by the Minister of Justice.
(3) The whole amount or a part of expenses necessary for the pursuit of their duties may be paid to juvenile protection members within a budget. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
(4) Matters necessary for the appointment and dismissal of juvenile protection members, and autonomous organizations thereof, etc. shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 52 (Performance of Duties of Juvenile Classification Review Board at Places where such is not Established)
Duties of a Juvenile Classification Review Board at a place where such is not established shall be performed by a juvenile reformatory until a Juvenile Classification Review Board is established, and a committed juvenile or a detained juvenile shall be admitted to the classified place of a juvenile reformatory. <Amended by Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007]
 Article 53 (Receipt of Donated Money and Valuables)
(1) The Director may receive money or valuables voluntarily donated by institutions, organizations, or individuals to juvenile reformatories and Juvenile Classification Review Boards for the proper treatment, support for learning, and social settlement, of protected juveniles, etc.
(2) Issuance of receipts to donators, designation of purposes of donated money and valuables, perusal of books of account, and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12190, Jan. 7, 2014]
ADDENDUM
This Act shall enter into force on July 1, 1989.
ADDENDA <Act No. 4268, Dec. 27, 1990>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 4929, Jan. 5, 1995>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5069, Dec. 29, 1995>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on March 1, 1996.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5178, Dec. 12, 1996>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1997.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5474, Dec. 24, 1997>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1999.
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 6400, Jan. 29, 2001>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 7076, Jan. 20, 2004>
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8723, Dec. 21, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability concerning Application for Release)
Any application for release under the amended provisions of Article 43 shall be applicable when the first protected juvenile is sent to a juvenile reformatory after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measure concerning Juvenile Protection Members)
Guidance members for protected juveniles under the previous provisions at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed juvenile protection members under this Act.
Article 4 Omitted.
Article 5 (Relationship with other Acts and Subordinate Statutes)
Where the Juvenile Reformatory Act or any provision thereof is cited in other Acts and subordinate statutes at the time this Act enters into force, this Act or provisions equivalent thereto shall be deemed to be cited in place of the previous provisions, if provisions equivalent thereto exist in this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9847, Dec. 29, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force from the date on which one year lapses after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 22 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 10274, May 4, 2010>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one month after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 10541, Apr. 5, 2011>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11953, Jul. 30, 2013>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12190, Jan. 7, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14105, Mar. 29, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Validity Period of Special Provisions concerning State Property)
The amended provisions of Article 51 (4) through (6) shall remain in force until December 31, 2024.
Article 3 (Applicability to Scope of Persons Subject to Change of Protective Disposition)
The amended provisions of Article 9 (5) shall also apply to cases with respect to which procedures for revising a protective disposition are under way as at the time this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Disciplinary Action against Protected Juveniles, etc.)
The amended provisions of Article 15 shall also apply to such violations of disciplines as committed before this Act enters into force.
Article 5 (Applicability to Restriction on Visits to Protected Juveniles, etc.)
The amended provisions of the proviso to Article 18 (1) shall begin to apply from the first case where a disposition referred to in Article 15 (1) 7 is imposed after this Act enters into force.