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ACT ON PROMOTION OF THE TRANSPORTATION CONVENIENCE OF MOBILITY DISADVANTAGED PERSONS

Act No. 7382, Jan. 27, 2005

Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008

Act No. 8980, Mar. 21, 2008

Act No. 9071, Mar. 28, 2008

Act No. 9606, Apr. 1, 2009

Act No. 9772, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 9773, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 9780, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 9868, Dec. 29, 2009

Act No. 11470, jun. 1, 2012

Act No. 11649, Mar. 22, 2013

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 11998, Aug. 6, 2013

Act No. 12216, Jan. 7, 2014

Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014

Act No. 12638, May 21, 2014

Act No. 13109, Jan. 28, 2015

Act No. 13978, Feb. 3, 2016

Act No. 14113, Mar. 29, 2016

Act No. 14115, Mar. 29, 2016

Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to establish human-oriented transportation systems by expanding convenient mobility equipment in means of transportation, passenger facilities, and on the roads, and by improving the pedestrian environment, so that the mobility disadvantaged persons may travel safely and conveniently, thereby contributing to the promotion of social participation of mobility disadvantaged persons and of their welfare.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 12216, Jan. 7, 2014; Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014; Act No. 14113, Mar. 29, 2016; Act No. 14115, Mar. 29, 2016; Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016>
1. The term "mobility disadvantaged persons" means persons who feel inconvenient in mobility in their daily lives, such as persons with disabilities, the aged, pregnant women, persons accompanied by infants, and children;
2. The term "means of transportation" means those used for the transportation of people, which fall under any of the following items:
(a) Buses (hereinafter referred to as "buses") used for regular route passenger transport business under Article 3 (1) 1 of the Passenger Transport Service Act;
(b) Vehicles used in the operation of urban railroad system under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Urban Railroad Act;
(c) Rolling stock to transport passengers among rolling stock under subparagraph 4 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Railroad Industry Development;
(d) Aircraft used for civil aviation among aircraft under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Aviation Safety Act;
(e) Vessels used for maritime passenger transportation services under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Marine Transportation Act;
(f) Other means of transportation prescribed by Presidential Decree;
3. The term "passenger facilities" means any of the following facilities or artificial structures provided to passengers for the use of any means of transportation:
(a) Bus terminals under subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Passenger Transport Service Act and stops used for regular route passenger transport business under Article 3 (1) 1 of the same Act;
(b) Urban railroad facilities except for rolling stock among urban railroads under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Urban Railroad Act;
(c) Railroad facilities under subparagraph 2 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Railroad Industry Development;
(d) Transit facilities under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Urban Traffic Improvement Promotion Act;
(e) Airports and airport facilities under subparagraphs 3 and 7 of Article 2 of the Airport Facilities Act;
(f) Harbor facilities installed at international trade ports under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Harbor Act;
(g) Other facilities or artificial structures prescribed by Presidential Decree;
4. The term "roads" means roads (including road appurtenances under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Road Act) under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Road Act and the roads to which the same Act shall apply mutatis mutandis under Article 108 of the same Act;
5. The term "transport business entity" means a person who has obtained a license, permit, authorization, entrustment, etc. from a transportation authority in accordance with related statutes, including the Passenger Transport Service Act, the Urban Railroad Act, the Railroad Enterprise Act, the Aviation Business Act, the Airport Facilities Act, the Harbor Act, the Marine Transportation Act, who operates and navigates any means of transportation, or who installs and operates passenger facilities after registering with the transportation authority, filing a report thereto, etc.;
6. The term "transportation authority" means the head of a central administrative agency, a Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan Autonomous City Mayor, a Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor") or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (referring to the head of an autonomous Gu; the same shall apply hereinafter), who directs and supervises transport business entities in regards to the operation and navigation of any means of transportation or the installation and operation of passenger facilities;
7. The term "convenient mobility equipment" means equipment and facilities designed to provide transportation convenience to mobility disadvantaged persons in using any means of transportation, passenger facilities, or roads, such as wheelchair lifts, elevators for persons with disabilities, sidewalks for persons with disabilities, resting places where nursing mothers can breast-feed infants, etc.;
8. The term "special means of transportation" means vehicles equipped with wheelchair lifts, etc. to support the mobility of mobility disadvantaged persons who experience serious inconvenience in their movements.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 3 (Right to Transportation)
In order to be guaranteed the right to pursue the dignity, value, and happiness as a human being, mobility disadvantaged persons shall have the right to use safely, conveniently, and without discrimination, all means of transportation, passenger facilities, and roads used by persons, other than the mobility disadvantaged persons.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 4 (Responsibilities of State, etc.)
The State and local governments shall establish and implement policies to ensure convenient use of all means of transportation and passenger facilities and to improve the pedestrian environment so that mobility disadvantaged persons may move safely and conveniently.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 5 (Responsibilities of Transport Business Entities, etc.)
(1) Transport business entities shall comply with standards to install convenient mobility equipment prescribed by this Act and continuously endeavor to improve services to mobility disadvantaged persons, in order to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons.
(2) Business entities manufacturing any means of transportation shall endeavor to develop and manufacture such means of transportation equipped with structures, systems, or devices enabling mobility disadvantaged persons to move conveniently.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
CHAPTER II PLANS TO ENHANCE TRANSPORTATION CONVENIENCE OF MOBILITY DISADVANTAGED PERSONS
 Article 6 (Establishment, etc. of Plans to Improve Transportation Convenience of Mobility Disadvantaged Persons)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall establish a five-year plan to improve the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons (hereinafter referred to as a "plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons"). <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) A plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons shall include the following:
1. Matters concerning basic direction-setting for, and objectives of, policies to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons;
2. Actual state of installation and management of convenient mobility equipment;
3. Actual state of the pedestrian environment;
4. Matters concerning the improvement and expansion of convenient mobility equipment;
5. Matters concerning the introduction of low-floor buses;
6. Matters concerning the improvement of the pedestrian environment;
7. Matters concerning the introduction of the special means of transportation;
7-2. Matters concerning the expansion of the right to transportation of mobility disadvantaged persons, including cross-regional operation of the special means of transportation;
8. Measures to raise financial resources required to implement a plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons;
9. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons.
(3) When the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport establishes a plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, he/she shall submit such plan to the National Transport Committee prescribed in Article 106 of the National Transport System Efficiency Act (hereinafter referred to as the "National Transport Committee") for deliberation, after hearing the opinions of the heads of related central administrative agencies and Mayors/Do Governors. The same shall also apply to any modification of the established plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons: Provided, That this shall not apply to any modification of insignificant matters prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may request the heads of related central administrative agencies and Mayors/Do Governors to submit data necessary to establish and modify a plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons. In such cases, the heads of related central administrative agencies and the Mayors/Do Governors shall comply with such request unless any special ground exists otherwise. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(5) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall publicly announce the plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, established or modified pursuant to paragraph (3), and notify the heads of related central administrative agencies and Mayors/Do Governors of such plan. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 7 (Establishment, etc. of Local Plans to Enhance Transportation Convenience of Mobility Disadvantaged Persons)
(1) In order to promote improvement in the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons within each jurisdiction in accordance with a plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, a Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan Autonomous City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, the head of a Si (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor") or the head of a Gun (excluding the heads of Guns in Metropolitan Cities; the same shall apply hereinafter) shall establish a five-year local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons in his/her jurisdiction (hereinafter referred to as "local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons"), after hearing the opinions of the residents and related experts, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That where the Mayor or the head of a Gun has established other transportation-related plans reflecting such local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, he/she may not separately establish such local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, after obtaining approval from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) A local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons shall include the matters listed in the subparagraphs of Article 6 (2) and matters concerning the enhancement of the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, taking into consideration of the characteristics of the relevant local government.
(3) When a Mayor or the head of a Gun establishes a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, he/she shall consult with the related transportation authority in advance.
(4) When a Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, or the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province intends to establish a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, he/she shall submit such plan to a local transportation committee prescribed in Article 110 of the National Transport System Efficiency Act (hereinafter referred to as “local transportation committee”) for deliberation.
(5) When a Mayor or the head of a Gun has drafted a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons as prescribed in paragraphs (3) and (4), the relevant Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan Autonomous City Mayor, or Special Self-Governing Province Governor shall submit such plan to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, whereas the relevant Mayor (excluding any Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan Autonomous City Mayor, or Special Self-Governing Province Governor) and the head of the relevant Gun shall submit such plan to the relevant Do Governor respectively, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, before concluding such local plan. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(6) When the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or a Do Governor has received a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons under paragraph (5), he/she shall review such plan’s compliance with the plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, etc.; and where any contents thereof is found not in compliance, or is deemed necessary to ensure the relevance and consistency between local plans to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, he/she may request the relevant Mayor or the head of the relevant Gun to modify and complement such local plan to improve the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, after deliberation by the National Transport Committee or the relevant local transport committee. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(7) When a Mayor or the head of a Gun receives no request under paragraph (6), he/she shall confirm the local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons that he/she has submitted under paragraph (5); when he/she receives any request under paragraph (6), he/she shall confirm such local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, after reflecting such request therein unless any special ground exists otherwise.
(8) Where a Mayor or the head of a Gun has confirmed a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons pursuant to paragraph (7), he/she shall publicly announce such plan, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and make it available for public perusal.
(9) Where a plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons has been modified, or it is necessary to modify matters included in a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, the relevant Mayor or the head of the relevant Gun may modify such local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons.
(10) Paragraphs (3) through (8) shall apply mutatis mutandis to any modification of local plans to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons: Provided, That this shall not apply to any modification of insignificant matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 7-2 (Establishment, etc. of Support Plans to Enhance Transportation Convenience of Mobility Disadvantaged Persons)
(1) A Do Governor shall establish a five-year support plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons (hereinafter referred to as "support plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons"), as prescribed by Presidential Decree, in order to support the implementation of a plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons and a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons.
(2) A support plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons shall include the following:
1. Matters concerning support for the installation and management of transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons in the Sis/Guns under his/her jurisdiction and matters concerning balanced support across the Sis/Guns;
2. Matters concerning support for introducing and expanding any special means of transportation;
3. Plans to set up a collaborative system to enable the use of any special means of transportation over a wide area, including the operation of a support center for wide-area mobility.
(3) When a Do Governor intends to establish a support plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, he/she shall consult such plan in advance with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and the heads of the Sis/Guns under his/her jurisdiction. The same shall also apply to any modification of the support plan already established to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 8 (Establishment of Annual Implementation Plans)
(1) A Mayor or the head of a Gun shall establish an annual implementation plan to implement a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons.
(2) Matters necessary for the establishment, modification, implementation, etc. of annual implementation plans under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
CHAPTER III INSTALLATION STANDARDS, ETC. FOR CONVENIENT MOBILITY EQUIPMENT
 Article 9 (Facilities subject to Installation of Convenient Mobility Equipment)
Facilities in which convenient mobility equipment is to be installed (hereinafter referred to as "facilities subject to installation") shall be any of the following prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. Any means of transportation;
2. Passenger facilities;
3. Roads.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 10 (Installation Standards for Convenient Mobility Equipment)
(1) The kind of convenient mobility equipment to be installed in each facility subject to installation shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree considering the scale, use, etc. of such facility.
(2) Detailed standards concerning the structure, material, etc. of convenient mobility equipment to be installed in each facility subject to installation shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Except as otherwise expressly prescribed in this Act, matters concerning convenient mobility equipment shall be governed by other Acts including the Act on Guarantee of Convenience Promotion of Persons with Disabilities, Older Persons, Pregnant Women Nursing Mothers, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 11 (Installation, etc. of Convenient Mobility Equipment)
Where a person who installs and manages facilities subject to installation, such as a transport business entity or road management authority, installs facilities subject to installation or changes key parts prescribed by Presidential Decree, such person shall install and maintain convenient mobility equipment in compliance with the installation standards under Article 10.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 12 (Examination of Compliance with Standards)
Where a transportation authority grants a license, permit, authorization, etc. for any means of transportation and passenger facilities, it shall examine whether convenient mobility equipment installed in the means of transportation and passenger facilities complies with the installation standards under Article 10.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 13 (Education of Transport Business Entities, etc.)
(1) Each transport business entity shall undergo education on the installation, management, etc. of convenient mobility equipment, provided by the relevant Mayor/Do Governor or the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu.
(2) Each driver of a special means of transportation shall undergo education on services to mobility disadvantaged persons, provided by the relevant Mayor/Do Governor or the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu.
(3) Where it is impractical to provide education under paragraph (1) due to a shortage of demand, etc., the relevant Mayor/Do Governor or the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu may entrust affairs concerning the provision of such education to the head of another local government, after consultation with the head of such local government.
(4) Matters necessary for the methods and contents of, and the expenses incurred in, providing education under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by ordinance of the relevant local government.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 14 (Guarantee of Use, etc. of Regular Route Services)
(1) A person operating regular route passenger transport business under Article 3 (1) 1 of the Passenger Transport Service Act (hereinafter referred to as "regular route passenger transport business entity") shall provide mobility disadvantaged persons with sufficient time to board and alight buses, ensure convenience of boarding and alighting, and, where low-floor buses are available, appropriately arrange the order of allocation of regular buses and low-floor buses, so that they may use buses safely and conveniently.
(2) When the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or a Mayor/Do Governor grants a license for the passenger transport business under Article 4 of the Passenger Transport Service Act, he/she may preferentially grant a license for the regular route passenger transport business to those meeting the licensing standards under Article 5 of the same Act and intending to operate buses with structures allowing convenient and safe use by mobility disadvantaged persons, such as low-floor buses (hereinafter referred to as "low-floor buses, etc.") not fewer than the number prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) When a Mayor or the head of a Gun establishes a plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons, he/she shall reflect a plan for the maintenance of bus stops, roads, and other facilities for the introduction and operation of low-floor buses, etc. in such plan, and introduce low-floor buses, etc. accordingly. <Amended by Act No. 11649, Mar. 22, 2013>
(4) Where the State and local governments introduce low-floor buses, etc. as prescribed in paragraph (3), they shall provide financial support within budgetary limits to the regular route passenger transport business entities. In such cases, the cost-sharing ratio between the State and local governments shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree, in consideration of the population of mobility disadvantaged persons, the financial conditions of the State and local governments, etc.
(5) Where necessary for the smooth operation of low-floor buses, road management authorities shall take necessary measures, such as the maintenance of bus stops and roads.
(6) The State may partially subsidize the expenses incurred in taking necessary measures under paragraph (5), such as the maintenance of bus stops.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 15 (Guarantee of Use of Urban Railroads)
(1) A person who has obtained a license for urban railroad transport business pursuant to Article 26 of the Urban Railroad Act shall assign at least 1/10 of the rolling stock used for such urban railroad business to exclusive zones for mobility disadvantaged persons. <Amended by Act No. 12216, Jan. 7, 2014>
(2) Matters necessary for facility standards for exclusive zones for mobility disadvantaged persons under paragraph (1), the operating methods thereof, etc. shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 16 (Operation, etc. of Special Means of Transportation)
(1) A Mayor or the head of a Gun shall operate a special means of transportation not less than the specific number of units prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport for the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) A Mayor or the head of a Gun may establish mobility support centers that connect mobility disadvantaged persons intending to use the special means of transportation under paragraph (1) with persons operating such special means of transportation via a medium of communications, etc.
(3) Where deeming necessary to effectively operate any special means of transportation, a Do Governor may integrate mobility support centers under paragraph (2) or set up such centers separately, after consulting with the Mayors and the heads of Guns within his/her administrative jurisdiction.
(4) No vehicles, other than any special means of transportation (excluding cases where a mobility disadvantaged person entitled to use such special means of transportation is not on board) or vehicles to which a handicapped parking certificate is attached under Article 17 (2) of the Act on Guarantee of Convenience Promotion of Persons with Disabilities, Older Persons, Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers, Etc. (excluding cases where a person with walking disability is not on board, for whom such handicapped parking certificate is issued), shall be parked in designated disability parking spaces at facilities described in subparagraphs 2 and 3 of Article 9. <Amended by Act No. 13109, Jan. 28, 2015>
(5) No person who operates any special means of transportation shall restrict the use of such transportation on the grounds of the place of residence of mobility disadvantaged persons: Provided, That a local government may limit the operational area of the special means of transportation to cover neighboring Special Metropolitan Cities, Metropolitan Cities, and Dos, in consideration of the number of units in service, service frequency, etc. of the special means of transportation.
(6) The State and Dos may partially subsidize the expenses incurred in securing the special means of transportation under paragraph (1) or establishing mobility support centers under paragraph (2).
(7) Matters necessary for the scope of mobility disadvantaged persons allowed to use the special means of transportation, the kinds of vehicles to be operated as the special means of transportation, standards for lifting devices to be installed in the special means of transportation, etc. shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(8) Matters necessary for the operation, etc. of the special means of transportation and mobility support centers shall be prescribed by ordinance of each local government.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 17 (Provision of Information on Use of Transportation, etc.)
(1) Transport business entities shall provide guidance and other information on the transportation to help mobility disadvantaged persons conveniently use the means of transportation, passenger facilities, or convenient mobility equipment, and shall provide convenience concerning the use of transportation, such as Korean sign language and interpretation service (hereinafter referred to as "information on the use of transportation, etc."), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 13978, Feb. 3, 2016>
(2) The State may provide necessary support, such as building up a transportation information system based on the information and communications technology, so that transport business entities may efficiently provide information on the use of transportation, etc.
(3) Matters necessary for the methods of providing information on the use of transportation, etc., operation standards thereof, etc. shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 17-2 (Authentication of Means of Transportation, etc.)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may grant authentication of a barrier-free living environment (hereinafter referred to as "authentication") for the means of transportation, passenger facilities, and roads where convenient mobility equipment is installed, so that mobility disadvantaged persons may move safely and conveniently. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may grant authentication to the Sis/Guns/Gus (referring to autonomous Gus; hereinafter the same shall apply) that have planned or maintained the means of transportation, passenger facilities, and roads for the safe and convenient travel of mobility disadvantaged persons, and to the areas prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) In order to effectively perform authentication duties under paragraphs (1) and (2), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may designate authentication institutions. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport acknowledges it necessary, he/she may grant authentication under paragraphs (1) and (2) and designate authentication institutions under paragraph (3) jointly with the Minister for Health and Welfare. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(5) Qualifications for persons eligible to apply for authentication, and standards and procedures for, and revocation of, authentication under paragraphs (1) and (2), designation of the authentication institutions under paragraph (3), and other matters necessary for the implementation of authentication system shall be prescribed by ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (in cases of paragraph (4), by joint ministerial ordinance with the Ministry for Health and Welfare). <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 9868, Dec. 29, 2009]
 Article 17-3 (Indication, etc. of Authentication)
(1) The owners or managers of the means of transportation, passenger facilities, and roads that have obtained authentication as prescribed in Article 17-2 (1) (hereinafter referred to as "authenticated facilities") and the heads of local governments of the Sis/Guns/Gus and areas that have obtained authentication as prescribed in paragraph (2) of the same Article (hereinafter referred to as "authenticated areas") may place a mark of authentication on the authenticated facilities and authenticated areas, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Persons, other than the owners of authenticated facilities and the heads of local governments of authenticated areas, shall not place a mark of authentication or a mark similar thereto.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 9868, Dec. 29, 2009]
CHAPTER IV PEDESTRIAN PRIORITY ZONES AND INSTALLATION, ETC. OF PEDESTRIAN SAFETY FACILITIES
 Article 18 (Designation of Pedestrian Priority Zones)
(1) When a Mayor or the head of a Gun acknowledges it necessary for the safe and convenient pedestrian environment of pedestrians, including mobility disadvantaged persons, he/she may designate a specific section of road as a pedestrian priority zone.
(2) When a Mayor or the head of a Gun intends to designate pedestrian priority zones pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall establish a plan to designate and maintain pedestrian priority zones (hereinafter referred to as "designation plan").
(3) A designation plan shall include the location and size of the relevant pedestrian priority zones and other matters prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Where a Mayor or the head of a Gun establishes a designation plan, he/she shall first consult with the heads of related administrative agencies, such as the heads of local police agencies and heads of police stations, and hear the opinions of residents of relevant areas and related experts, before confirming and publicly announcing such plan.
(5) Matters necessary for standards for the designation of pedestrian priority zones, procedures for hearing opinions, etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(6) Where a Mayor or the head of a Gun establishes a designation plan, the State may wholly or partially subsidize the expenses incurred in maintaining the pedestrian priority zones within budgetary limits.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 19 (Measures within Pedestrian Priority Zones)
(1) To promote the safety or convenience of pedestrians in pedestrian priority zones, the relevant Mayor or the head of the relevant Gun may request the heads of local police agencies or heads of police stations to take the following measures:
1. Restrictions on traffic, including one-way traffic for automobiles, etc.;
2. Restrictions on the speed of automobiles;
3. Prohibition of stoppage or parking of automobiles.
(2) Upon receipt of requests under paragraph (1), the heads of local police agencies or heads of police stations shall comply with such requests unless any special ground exists otherwise.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 20 (Cancellation, etc. of Designation of Pedestrian Priority Zones)
(1) When the purpose for designating a pedestrian priority zone pursuant to Article 18 (1) has become irrelevant or it is necessary to change the scale of a pedestrian priority zone, the relevant Mayor or the head of the relevant Gun may cancel or change the designation of the pedestrian priority zone.
(2) Matters necessary for the methods of, procedures for, etc. the cancellation or change of the designation of a pedestrian priority zone shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 21 (Installation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities)
(1) A Mayor or the head of a Gun may install the following pedestrian safety facilities so that pedestrians may walk in pedestrian priority zones safely and conveniently:
1. Speed reduction facilities;
2. Pedestrian crossing facilities;
3. Traffic information facilities, such as public traffic information systems;
4. Traffic signals for pedestrians' right of way;
5. Posts to prevent the entry of vehicles;
6. Other facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree for the safety and transportation convenience of pedestrians.
(2) Where deemed necessary for the convenience and safety of pedestrians, a Mayor or the head of a Gun may install posts to prevent the entry of vehicles prescribed in paragraph (1) 5 in areas other than pedestrian priority zones.
(3) Matters necessary for the structures of, and standards for, pedestrian safety facilities under paragraph (1) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 22 (Relocation, etc. of Objects Occupying and Using Roads)
(1) Where necessary for installing pedestrian safety facilities under Article 21, a Mayor or the head of a Gun may order persons permitted to occupy and use roads pursuant to Article 61 of the Road Act to relocate objects occupying and using such roads to another place. In such cases, where a Mayor or the head of a Gun is not the management authority of such roads, he/she may request the management authority of the roads to order such persons permitted to occupy and use such roads to relocate objects occupying and using such roads to another place. <Amended by Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
(2) The road management authority in receipt of the request under the latter part of paragraph (1) shall comply with such request unless any special ground exists otherwise.
(3) Matters concerning the bearing of expenses or compensation for losses incurred from relocating objects occupying and using roads to another place pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be as prescribed by relevant provisions of the Road Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 23 (Readjustment of Unlawful Facilities)
(1) A Mayor or the head of a Gun shall readjust facilities (hereinafter referred to as "unlawful facilities") not lawfully installed under related statutes, such as objects that had been installed in a pedestrian priority zone without a permit to occupy and use roads under Article 61 of the Road Act and piled up on the road, consequently hindering the installation of pedestrian safety facilities or walking, in accordance with relevant statutes, such as the Road Act. <Amended by Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
(2) Where necessary for the readjustment of unlawful facilities, a Mayor or the head of a Gun shall request the heads of related administrative agencies to provide necessary cooperation or support. In such cases, the heads of related administrative agencies upon receipt of such request shall comply with such request unless any special ground exists otherwise.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 24 (Preparation and Preservation of Management Registers of Pedestrian Priority Zones)
A Mayor or the head of a Gun shall prepare and preserve a management register of pedestrian priority zones, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 24-2 (Designation of Pedestrian Traffic Research Center)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may designate and operate a public institution that falls under any of the institutions listed in Article 4 (1) of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions as a pedestrian traffic research center, in order to facilitate the nation-wide proliferation of the pedestrian priority zone project and improve the pedestrian environment.
(2) A pedestrian traffic research center under paragraph (1) shall perform the following duties: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Establishment of mid- and long-term execution plans for the pedestrian priority zone project;
2. Support for the pedestrian priority zone project, including field investigations of the areas designated as pedestrian priority zones, and consultation on design;
3. Evaluation of the effects of implementation of the pedestrian priority zone project;
4. Post-management of the areas designated as pedestrian priority zones;
5. Research for improving the pedestrian environment, including support for the promotion of a pedestrian priority zone;
6. Education and campaign on creating the pedestrian culture;
7. Other matters prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport as necessary for the promotion of pedestrian priority zones.
(3) Matters necessary for the designation, operation, etc. of the pedestrian traffic research center under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11470, Jun 1, 2012]
CHAPTER V SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 25 (Investigation into Actual State)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall investigate the following matters to utilize them for basic data necessary for effectively establishing policies to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons: <Amended by Act No. 11649, Mar. 22, 2013; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. The current status of mobility disadvantaged persons, including their number;
2. The actual state of mobility of the mobility disadvantaged persons;
3. The current situation of installation and management of convenient mobility equipment;
4. The actual state of the pedestrian environment;
5. The level of satisfaction of mobility disadvantaged persons with respect to the means of transportation, passenger facilities, convenient mobility equipment, and pedestrian environment;
6. Other matters necessary to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons.
(2) A Mayor or the head of a Gun may investigate the matters listed in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) to use them as basic data for effectively establishing a local plan to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons.
(3) Matters necessary for the timing, method, etc. of an investigation under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, and matters necessary for the timing, method, etc. of an investigation under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by municipal ordinance of relevant local governments. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) For investigations under paragraphs (1) and (2), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, a Mayor, or the head of a Gun may request relevant administrative agencies and transport business entities to submit necessary data or to provide support. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 26 (Promotion, etc. of Research and Development)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall promote research and development projects with respect to the following, in order to enhance the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Matters concerning standards for the means of transportation, passenger facilities, and convenient mobility equipment for the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons;
2. Development of a standard model of low-floor bus;
3. Development of driving devices or automobiles required for persons with disabilities or the aged to drive on their own;
4. Development of automobiles that can be used as a special means of transportation;
5. Improvement of the pedestrian environment;
6. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree for the enhancement of the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons.
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall endeavor to promote the transportation convenience of mobility disadvantaged persons by disseminating the outcomes of research and development under paragraph (1) to local governments, transport business entities, etc. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) In order to develop a standard model of low-floor bus under paragraph (1) 2, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may specify and publicly announce its detailed specifications, such as the size and convenience facilities of the standard model of low-floor bus. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 27 (Support, etc. for Self-Driving by Persons with Disabilities, etc.)
(1) The State and local governments shall devise necessary measures, such as reform of the driving license system so that persons with disabilities or the aged may travel safely and conveniently by driving in person.
(2) In order to reduce the economic burden of persons with disabilities, freight or fares may be reduced or exempted by transport business entities, as prescribed by related statutes.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 28 (Reporting, Examination, etc.)
(1) A transportation authority may, where deemed necessary, require transport business entities to report on matters concerning the installation or maintenance of convenient mobility equipment, or to submit related data.
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall ensure that the data submitted by transport business entities under paragraph (1) is shared and utilized by other transportation administrative agencies, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12638, May 21, 2014>
(3) A transportation authority may, where deemed necessary, require its public officials to examine whether convenient mobility equipment is installed or maintained and managed in compliance with the installation standards under Article 10, or ask questions of interested parties. <Amended by Act No. 12638, May 21, 2014>
(4) Public officials examining or asking questions pursuant to paragraph (3) shall carry a certificate indicating their authority and show it to related parties. <Amended by Act No. 12638, May 21, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 29 (Corrective Orders)
A transportation authority may order a transport business entity who fails to install convenient mobility equipment in a facility subject to installation in violation of Article 11, or who has not maintained and managed such convenient mobility equipment in compliance with the installation standards under Article 10, to install convenient mobility equipment within a fixed period not exceeding one year, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, or to improve such convenient mobility equipment to comply with the installation standards under Article 10.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 29-2 (Charges for Compelling Compliance)
(1) A transportation authority shall impose, in consideration of the expenses incurred in installing convenient mobility equipment, charges for compelling compliance not exceeding 30 million won on a person who fails to comply with a corrective order within the correction period after receiving such order under Article 29.
(2) The types of violation subject to the imposition of charges for compelling compliance under paragraph (1), the amount of such charges by gravity of violation, and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) A transportation authority shall, in writing, issue a prior warning that a charges for compelling compliance shall be imposed and collected under paragraph (1), prior to the imposition of such charges under paragraph (1).
(4) When a transportation authority imposes charges for compelling compliance under paragraph (1), it shall impose such charges in writing, specifically stating the amount of the charges, grounds for imposition, payment deadline, institutions to receive payment, the methods and period for filing objections, etc.
(5) A transportation authority may repeatedly impose and collect charges for compelling compliance under paragraph (1) once a year, counting from the date of issuing the initial corrective order, until the order is complied with.
(6) Where a person who has been given a corrective order pursuant to Article 29 complies with such order, the transportation authority shall immediately cease the imposition of new charges for compelling compliance, but shall collect the charges for compelling compliance already imposed.
(7) Where a person fails to pay charges for compelling compliance imposed under paragraph (4) by the payment deadline, the transportation authority shall collect such charges in the same manner as delinquent national taxes are collected, or pursuant to the Act on the Collection, etc. of Local Non-Tax Revenue. <Amended by Act No. 11998, Aug. 6, 2013>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11470, Jun 1, 2012]
 Article 30 (Delegation or Entrustment of Authority)
(1) The authority of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport vested under this Act may partially be delegated to Mayors/Do Governors, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may partially entrust his/her duties under this Act to an institution or organization the main duties of which are related to transportation, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
CHAPTER VI PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 31 (Penalty Provisions)
A person violating Article 11, who is given a corrective order under Article 29 and fails to comply with it within such corrective period, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding ten million won.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 32 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
Where the representative of a corporation, or an agent or employee of, or any other person employed by a corporation or individual commits an offence under Article 31 in connection with the business affairs of the corporation or individual, not only such offender, but also the corporation or individual shall be punished by a fine under each relevant Article: Provided, That the same shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant duties to prevent such offence.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9606, Apr. 1, 2009]
 Article 33 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding two million won: <Amended by Act No. 12638, May 21, 2014>
1. A person who places a mark of authentication or a mark similar thereto, in violation of Article 17-3 (2);
2. A person who fails to comply with a request for report or submission of data under Article 28 (1), files a false report, or submits false data;
3. A person who refuses, interferes with, or evades an examination under Article 28 (3).
(2) A person who parks his/her car in a disability parking space in violation of Article 16 (4) shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding 200,000 won.
(3) Administrative fines under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be imposed and collected by the relevant transportation authorities, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012]
 Article 34 Deleted. <by Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012>
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Measures concerning Installation of Convenient Mobility Equipment)
(1) Article 8 of the previous Act on Guarantee of Promotion of Convenience of Persons with Disabilities, the aged, Pregnant Women, etc. shall apply to the installation of convenient mobility equipment of which administrative procedures, such as application for permission for construction in order to install or change convenient mobility equipment in the relevant facilities or of which construction is under way at the time this Act enters into force.
(2) Convenient mobility equipment falling under any of the following subparagraphs shall be deemed to be in compliance with the installation standards under Article 10 of this Act:
1. Convenient mobility equipment to be installed pursuant to paragraph (1);
2. Convenient mobility equipment that has been installed in accordance with the previous Act on Guarantee of Promotion of Convenience of Persons with Disabilities, the aged, Pregnant Women, etc. at the time this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Corrective Orders and Charges for Compelling Performance)
The provisions of the previous Act on Guarantee of Promotion of Convenience of Persons with Disabilities, the aged, Pregnant Women, etc. shall apply to corrective orders and the imposition of charges for compelling performance thereby for acts done before this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Penalty Provisions and Administrative Fines)
The provisions of the previous Act on Guarantee of Promotion of Convenience of Persons with Disabilities, the aged, Pregnant Women, etc. shall apply to the application of penalty provisions and administrative fines to acts done before this Act enters into force.
Article 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted)
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8980, Mar. 21, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on July 14, 2008.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9071, Mar. 28, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2009. (Proviso Omitted)
Articles 2 through 11 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 9606, Apr. 1, 2009>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9772, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9773, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted)
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9780, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted)
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9868, Dec. 29, 2009>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Applicability concerning Installation of Rest Facilities for Pregnant Women) The amended provisions of subparagraph 7 of Article 2 shall apply to the first facilities subject to installation that are installed and operated after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11470, Jun. 1, 2012>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11649, Mar. 22, 2013>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11998, Aug. 6, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12216, Jan. 7, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 25 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12638, May 21, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13109, Jan. 28, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13978, Feb. 3, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14113, Mar. 29, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 18 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14115, Mar. 29, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 26 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 55 Omitted.