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CATTLE AND BEEF TRACEABILITY ACT

Wholly Amended by Act No. 12119, Dec. 27, 2013

Amended by Act No. 12813, Oct. 15, 2014

Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to enhancing efficiency in preventing epidemics and guaranteeing the safety of livestock products, thereby protecting and promoting consumers’ interests, and to the sound development of the livestock industry and other related industries, by prescribing matters necessary for the traceability of livestock and livestock products.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
(1) The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows:
1. The term “livestock” means livestock defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 3 of the Livestock Industry Act;
2. The term “livestock product” means any livestock product defined in subparagraph 3 of Article 3 of the Livestock Industry Act;
3. The term "traceability” means managing the movement of livestock and livestock products by recording and managing information about the breeding of livestock, such as birth and importation thereof, and at any point of the supply chain, including the production, import, and sale of livestock products;
4. The term “livestock subject to traceability” means cattle and pigs;
5. The term “breeding pig” means any pig registered according to the standards for registration determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affair, among breeding stock defined in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Livestock Industry Act;
6. The term “farm identification number” means the unique number allocated to each livestock breeding facility, where livestock subject to traceability is bred, (hereinafter referred to as “livestock breeding facility”) by the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, to identify such livestock breeding facility;
7. The term “individual identification number” means the unique number allocated to each head of livestock subject to traceability by the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, to identify the individual head of livestock;
8. The term “livestock products subject to traceability” means the following livestock products:
(a) Homebred traceable livestock products: livestock products (referring to dressed meat, or red meat or packed meat produced from dressed meat) produced by slaughtering and dressing livestock subject to traceability with the allocated individual identification number, or pigs bred in a livestock breeding facility with the allocated farm identification number, and supplied for food;
(b) Imported livestock traceable products: imported beef supplied for food (referring to dressed meat, or red meat or packed meat produced from dressed meat, and other by-products prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs) with the allocated serial number;
9. The term “serial number” means a number allocated to a livestock product subject to traceability by the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, to trace such livestock product;
10. The term "ear tag, etc" means a tag manufactured to attach to an ear or other body part of each livestock subject to traceability, on which letters, numbers, bar codes (including RFID tags), etc. are inscribed to indicate the individual identification number of such livestock for traceability;
11. The term "importation and distribution identification mark" means a mark manufactured to be attached on the packaging, etc. of an imported livestock product subject to traceability by indicating the serial number and information on such product in letters, figures and bar codes (including RFID tags) to trace the distribution of such products;
12. The term "hazardous livestock products" means livestock products prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, among the livestock products subject to seizure, destruction, or recall under Article 36 of the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act;
13. The term "importation" means bringing foreign livestock or livestock products into Korea (meaning bringing foreign livestock or livestock products into Korea from a bonded area, if such foreign livestock or livestock products pass through a bonded area).
(2) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in paragraph (1), the terms used in this Act shall be as defined by the Livestock Industry Act and the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
(1) The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
1. The term “livestock” means livestock defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 3 of the Livestock Industry Act;
2. The term “livestock product” means any livestock product defined in subparagraph 3 of Article 3 of the Livestock Industry Act;
3. The term "traceability” means managing the movement of livestock and livestock products by recording and managing information about the breeding of livestock, such as birth and importation thereof, and at any point of the supply chain, including the production, import, and sale of livestock products;
4. The term “livestock subject to traceability” means cattle and pigs;
5. The term “breeding pig” means any pig registered according to the standards for registration determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affair, among breeding stock defined in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Livestock Industry Act;
6. The term “farm identification number” means the unique number allocated to each livestock breeding facility, where livestock subject to traceability is bred, (hereinafter referred to as “livestock breeding facility”) by the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, to identify such livestock breeding facility;
7. The term “individual identification number” means the unique number allocated to each head of livestock subject to traceability by the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, to identify the individual head of livestock;
8. The term “livestock products subject to traceability” means the following livestock products:
(a) Homebred traceable livestock products: livestock products (referring to dressed meat, or red meat or packed meat produced from dressed meat) produced by slaughtering and dressing livestock subject to traceability with the allocated individual identification number, or pigs bred in a livestock breeding facility with the allocated farm identification number, and supplied for food;
(b) Imported livestock traceable products: imported beef or pork supplied for food (referring to dressed meat, or red meat or packed meat produced from dressed meat, and other by-products prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs) with the allocated serial number;
9. The term “serial number” means a number allocated to a livestock product subject to traceability by the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, to trace such livestock product;
10. The term "ear tag, etc" means a tag manufactured to attach to an ear or other body part of each livestock subject to traceability, on which letters, numbers, bar codes (including RFID tags), etc. are inscribed to indicate the individual identification number of such livestock for traceability;
11. The term "importation and distribution identification mark" means a mark manufactured to be attached on the packaging, etc. of an imported livestock product subject to traceability by indicating the serial number and information on such product in letters, figures and bar codes (including RFID tags) to trace the distribution of such products;
12. Deleted; <by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
13. The term "importation" means bringing foreign livestock or livestock products into Korea (meaning bringing foreign livestock or livestock products into Korea from a bonded area, if such foreign livestock or livestock products pass through a bonded area).
(2) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in paragraph (1), the terms used in this Act shall be as defined by the Livestock Industry Act and the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act.
<<Enforcement Date: Dec. 28, 2018>> Article 2 (1) 8 (b)
 Article 3 (Relationship with other Acts)
This Act shall apply to the traceability of livestock or livestock products in preference to other Acts.
CHAPTER II TRACEABILITY OF LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS
SECTION 1 TRACEABILITY AT THE STAGE OF BREEDING
 Article 4 (Allocation of Farm Identification Numbers)
(1) Each person who operates a livestock breeding facility (including a person who directly manages a livestock breeding facility; hereinafter referred to as “farm operator”) shall apply for allocation of a farm identification number to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
(2) Upon receipt of an application under paragraph (1), the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall, without delay, allocate a farm identification number by which the relevant livestock breeding facility can be identified, and notify the relevant farm operator thereof.
(3) Each applicant referred to in paragraph (1) shall report any revision to his/her application to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
(4) The method of, and procedures and deadlines for, filing applications, the method of allocating farm identification numbers, reporting revisions under paragraphs (1) through (3), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 5 (Reporting Birth, etc.)
(1) Each farm operator, importer, or exporter of livestock subject to traceability, or establisher of a livestock market (referring to a livestock cooperative which establishes and manages a livestock market under Article 34 of the Livestock Industry Act; hereinafter the same shall apply) shall report the relevant fact to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs in any of the following cases:
1. Cattle or a breeding pig is born (meaning registration in cases of breeding pigs);
2. Cattle or a breeding pig dies;
3. He/she transfers (including shipment for slaughter; hereinafter the same shall apply), acquires any livestock subject to traceability, or moves such livestock from a livestock breeding facility to another livestock breeding facility;
4. He/she imports livestock subject to traceability;
5. He/she exports livestock subject to traceability;
6. He/she sells livestock subject to traceability at a livestock market.
(2) Each person who has reported under paragraph (1) shall report any revision to the reported matters to Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
(3) The method of, procedures and deadlines for, reporting under paragraphs (1) and (2), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 6 (Allocation of Individual Identification Numbers)
(1) Upon receipt of a report under Article 5 (1) 1 or 4, the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall allocate an individual identification number and notify the applicant thereof without delay;, and, upon receipt of a report under Article 5 (1) or (2), shall record the details of such report in the livestock and livestock product identification register prepared under Article 19.
(2) Matters necessary for allocating individual identification numbers under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 7 (Ear Tagging, etc.)
(1) Each person notified of an individual identification number under Article 6 shall attach an ear tag, etc., bearing the individual identification number to the relevant cattle or breeding pig within the period set by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
(2) Each farm operator, importer of cattle or breeding pigs, etc., shall, without delay, attach a new ear tag, etc., bearing the same individual identification numbers to the relevant cattle or breeding pig, if the ear tag, etc. is lost or becomes illegible.
(3) The size of ear tags, etc. referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2), methods of ear tagging, and management, and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 8 (Marking, etc. Farm Identification Numbers)
(1) Each farm operator who breeds pigs shall mark the farm identification number allocated under Article 4 (2) on the following pigs: Provided, That he/she may omit such marking in exceptional circumstances prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, including natural disasters:
1. Pigs shipped for slaughter;
2. Pigs moved to other livestock breeding facilities.
(2) Each farm operator shall report the monthly status of breeding pigs to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
(3) Methods of marking and managing farm identification numbers under paragraph (1), details of, and deadlines and methods for, reporting under paragraph (2), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 9 (Prohibition on Movement, etc. of Livestock without Ear Tags)
(1) No one shall make any ear tag, etc. attached to cattle or breeding pigs, or farm identification number of pigs under Articles 7 and 8 illegible by forging or altering, removing, or intentionally destroying such ear tag or farm identification number.
(2) No one shall transfer, acquire, or export any of the following livestock subject to traceability, or move them from his/her livestock breeding facility: Provided, That this shall not apply in any circumstance prescribed by Presidential Decree, including natural disasters:
1. Unidentifiable cattle or a breeding pig because it is not fitted with an ear tag, etc. bearing the individual identification number, or its ear tag is defaced;
2. A pig (excluding breeding pigs) with no marking of the farm identification number.
SECTION 2 TRACEABILITY IN SLAUGHTERING PROCESS
 Article 10 (Prohibition on Slaughtering Livestock without Ear Tags, etc.)
(1) No person who has obtained a license to engage in the business of slaughtering animals under Article 22 of the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act (hereinafter referred to as “slaughterhouse operator”) shall slaughter the following livestock subject to traceability: Provided, That this shall not apply in exceptional circumstances prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, including natural disasters:
1. Cattle without an ear tag, etc., or pigs with no marking of the farm identification number;
2. Livestock subject to traceability whose ear tag, etc. or farm identification number becomes illegible making the individual head or farm unidentifiable;
3. Cattle and breeding pigs unregistered on the livestock and livestock product identification register prepared under Article 19, or pigs shipped from a livestock breeding facility, unregistered on the same register.
(2) Upon receipt of a request for slaughter of any livestock subject to traceability referred to in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1), a slaughterhouse operator shall immediately report thereon to an inspector belonging to the competent Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan Autonomous City Mayor, Do Governor, or Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor").
(3) Matters necessary for reporting livestock subject to traceability under paragraph (2), and other matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 11 (Reporting Slaughter, etc. and Indication of Serial Numbers)
(1) Each slaughterhouse operator shall file a report with the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs to slaughter any livestock subject to traceability or put them up for auction. In such cases, he/she shall apply for allocation of a serial number to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs before slaughtering a pig.
(2) Upon receipt of an application for allocation of a serial number of a pig pursuant to the latter part of paragraph (1), the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall, without delay, allocate a serial number and notify the relevant applicant thereof.
(3) An inspector who conducts an inspection of livestock subject to traceability slaughtered and processed in a slaughterhouse pursuant to Articles 11 (1) and 12 (1) of the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act, and of homebred traceable livestock products shall issue to the applicant for such inspection, a slaughter inspection certificate bearing the serial number.
(4) A quality appraiser of livestock products who grades homebred traceable livestock products under Article 40 of the Livestock Industry Act, shall issue to the relevant applicant, a livestock product-grading certificate bearing the serial number.
(5) Each slaughterhouse operator shall indicate the serial number on homebred traceable livestock products produced from the slaughtered livestock subject to traceability.
(6) Methods of, and deadlines for, filing applications and reporting, and methods of indicating and managing serial numbers under paragraphs (1) through (5), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
SECTION 3 TRACEABILITY IN IMPORTING PROCESS
 Article 12 (Applications for Serial Numbers)
(1) Where a person who has obtained a license to engage in the meat packing business under Article 22 of the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act (hereinafter referred to as “meat packer”) or a person who has registered the business of importing and selling imported food, etc. under Article 15 (1) of the Special Act on Imported Food Safety Control (hereinafter referred to as “importer or seller of imported food, etc.”) intends to import beef or pork, he/she shall apply for allocation of a serial number to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs before filing an import declaration under Article 14. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(2) Methods of, procedures and deadlines for, filing applications under paragraph (1), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 13 (Allocation of Serial Numbers and Indication of Importation and Distribution Identification Marks)
(1) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall allocate a serial number to the imported beef for which a serial number has been applied pursuant to Article 12 (1), and notify the relevant applicant thereof.
(2) Each livestock products importer and meat packer notified of a serial number allocated under paragraph (1), shall place the importation and distribution identification mark bearing the serial number on the relevant imported traceable livestock products before file an import declaration thereof.
(3) Methods of allocating serial numbers, matters to be indicated on importation and distribution identification marks, and the size of, method of placing and managing the importation and distribution identification mark under paragraphs (1) and (2), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 13 (Allocation of Serial Numbers and Indication of Importation and Distribution Identification Marks)
(1) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall allocate a serial number to the imported beef or pork for which a serial number has been applied pursuant to Article 12 (1), and notify the relevant applicant thereof. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(2) Each importer or seller of imported food, etc. and meat packer notified of a serial number allocated under paragraph (1), shall place the importation and distribution identification mark bearing the serial number on the relevant imported traceable livestock products before filing an import declaration thereof. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(3) Methods of allocating serial numbers, matters to be indicated on importation and distribution identification marks, and the size of, method of placing and managing the importation and distribution identification mark under paragraphs (1) and (2), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
<<Enforcement Date: Dec. 28, 2018>> Article 13 (1)
 Article 14 (Indication of Serial Numbers when Filing Import Declarations)
(1) Each importer or seller of imported food, etc. and meat packer shall indicate the serial number allocated under Article 13 when filing a beef or pork import declaration pursuant to Article 20 (1) of the Special Act on Imported Food Safety Control. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(2) The Minister of Food and Drug Safety shall indicate the serial number when issuing a certificate of import declaration of imported food, etc. pursuant to the Special Act on Imported Food Safety Control to a person who has filed a beef or pork import declaration under paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
 Article 15 (Prohibition on Forgery, Alteration, Damage, etc. of Importation and Distribution Identification Marks)
(1) No one shall make the serial number of any imported traceable livestock products illegible by forging or altering, removing, or intentionally destroying the importation and distribution identification mark placed on such imported traceable livestock products.
(2) No one shall transfer, acquire, or export any imported beef, the distribution channels of which are unverifiable because it bears no importation and distribution identification mark or its importation and distribution identification mark is destroyed, or which is not entered in the importation and distribution identification register prepared under Article 20: Provided, That this shall not apply in any case prescribed by Presidential Decree, including academic research
(3) Each person who holds or manages imported traceable livestock products for sale and business purposes (excluding transporters entrusted to transport the relevant imported livestock products) shall, without delay, place the importation and distribution identification mark bearing the same serial number on the imported traceable livestock products, if such products become unidentifiable because the importation and distribution identification mark is lost or destroyed.
 Article 15 (Prohibition on Forgery, Alteration, Damage, etc. of Importation and Distribution Identification Marks)
(1) No one shall make the serial number of any imported traceable livestock products illegible by forging or altering, removing, or intentionally destroying the importation and distribution identification mark placed on such imported traceable livestock products.
(2) No one shall transfer, acquire, or export any imported beef or pork, the distribution channels of which are unverifiable because it bears no importation and distribution identification mark or its importation and distribution identification mark is destroyed, or which is not entered in the importation and distribution identification register prepared under Article 20: Provided, That this shall not apply in any case prescribed by Presidential Decree, including academic research. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(3) Each person who holds or manages imported traceable livestock products for sale and business purposes (excluding transporters entrusted to transport the relevant imported livestock products) shall, without delay, place the importation and distribution identification mark bearing the same serial number on the imported traceable livestock products, if such products become unidentifiable because the importation and distribution identification mark is lost or destroyed.
<<Enforcement Date: Dec. 28, 2018>> Article 15 (2)
 Article 16 (Reporting Transactions, etc.)
(1) Each importer or seller of imported food, etc. shall file a report with the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs whenever he/she transfers or exports any traceable livestock products he/she has imported. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(2) Each person who has filed a report under paragraph (1) shall report any revision to the report to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
(3) Methods of, procedures and deadlines for, filing reports, reports on revisions under paragraphs (1) and (2), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
SECTION 4 TRACEABILITY IN DISTRIBUTION AND SALE
 Article 17 (Packing by Meat Packers, etc. and Reporting Transactions, etc.)
(1) Each person prescribed by Presidential Decree among meat packers and persons who have reported on the livestock product sales business (limited to specified kinds of business prescribed by Presidential Decree) or instant meat sales and processing business under Article 24 of the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act (hereinafter referred to as “seller of livestock products subject to traceability”) shall file a report with the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs to transact (excluding sale to customers) or pack any livestock products subject to traceability. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(2) Each meat packer or seller of livestock products subject to traceability shall file a report with the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs to sell imported traceable livestock products to persons prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(3) Methods of, procedures and deadlines for, filing reports under paragraphs (1) and (2), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 18 (Indication, etc. of Serial Numbers on Signboards etc.)
(1) Each meat packer or seller of livestock products subject to traceability shall indicate the serial numbers of the relevant livestock products subject to traceability on the packing papers thereof, the signboards of meat sale, etc. as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(2) In cases falling under paragraph (1), each meat packer or seller of livestock products subject to traceability shall indicate the unique serial number on the same livestock product subject to traceability: Provided, That he/she may indicate a batch number (referring to multiple serial numbers or a number, other than serial numbers, or any new substitute symbol; hereinafter the same shall apply), as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, if he/she packs or sells different livestock products subject to traceability in one lot. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(3) Each importer or seller of imported food, etc., meat packer, or seller of livestock products subject to traceability shall issue a receipt or an invoice stating the relevant serial number, in the form, prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs when selling any livestock products subject to traceability to persons prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(4) Each person prescribed by Presidential Decree, among persons operating a food service business (hereinafter referred to as "food service business operator"), persons who establish and operate meal service facilities (hereinafter referred to as "meal service facility operator") under Food Sanitation Act, and mail-order business operators registered under the Act on the Consumer Protection in Electronic Commerce, Etc. (hereinafter referred to as "mail-order business operator") shall post or indicate the serial numbers of such livestock products at their place of business, on such product, via the Internet, etc., if he/she intends to cook or sell imported traceable livestock products. In such cases, the scope of imported traceable livestock products, the serial numbers of which must be posted or indicated, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) Methods of posting or indicating serial numbers under paragraphs (1) through (4), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
CHAPTER III PREPARATION AND MANAGEMENT OF LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION REGISTER
 Article 19 (Preparation of Livestock and Livestock Product Identification Register)
The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall record the following matters on livestock subject to traceability to which individual identification numbers are allocated, or bred at livestock breeding facilities with the allocated farm identification numbers and homebred traceable livestock products in the livestock and livestock product identification register:
1. Farm identification numbers;
2. Individual identification numbers;
3. Serial numbers;
4. Dates of birth or dates of importation;
5. Sex;
6. For imported livestock subject to traceability, places of origin (country names), exporting countries, names of the exporters (trade name in cases of a corporation), and names, resident registration numbers, and addresses of importers (trade name, business registration number, and representative’s address and name in cases of a corporation);
7. Location of the livestock breeding facility;
8. Name, resident registration number, and address of the farm operator (trade name, business registration number, and representative's name and address in cases of a corporation);
9. Details of transactions through auction by slaughterhouse operators;
10. Details of reports and reports on revisions under Article 5 (1) and (2);
11. Details of packing, transactions, and sales under Article 17;
12. Number of pigs bred at the pig-breeding facility (distinction between sexes);
13. Deleted; <by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
14. Other matters necessary for livestock policies prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 20 (Preparation of Importation and Distribution Identification Register)
The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall prepare the importation and distribution identification register on imported traceable livestock products, the import declarations of which are filed, and record the following matters therein: <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
1. Serial numbers;
2. Dates of import, best-before dates (the dates of slaughter prior to importation, meat packing dates and use-by dates);
3. Places of origin (country names), exporting countries, names of exporters (trade name in cases of a corporation);
4. Names of products transacted;
5. Names of the slaughterhouses in the exporting countries (names of the processing plants);
6. Names, resident registration numbers, and addresses of the importers or sellers of imported food, etc. (trade name, business registration number, and representative's address and name in cases of a corporation);
7. Transactions and details of change thereof under Article 16;
8. Details of packing, and transactions, and sales under Article 17;
9. Deleted; <by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
10. Other matters necessary for livestock policies prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 21 (Management, Rectification, etc. of Identification Registers)
(1) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall record and manage the livestock and livestock product identification register prepared under Article 19 and the importation and distribution identification register prepared under Article 20 (hereinafter referred to as “Identification Registers”) by electronic processing methods using magnetic disks, etc. (including other similar methods by which necessary matters can be recorded in a highly secure manner).
(2) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall mange the Identification Registers by rectifying and deleting entries in the Identification Registers based on the reports filed and reports on revisions.
(3) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall keep the Identification Registers for a period set by Presidential Decree not exceeding five years.
(4) Where any entry in the Identification Registers is revised, related persons, including farm operators and slaughterhouse operators, shall report on such revision to the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 22 (Measures, etc. regarding Omissions of Entries in Identification Registers)
(1) Where the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs finds any discrepancy, omission of an entry, or an error in an entry in the Identification Registers, he/she may require the relevant person to take necessary measures, including rectification.
(2) A person in receipt of a request for rectification from the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs under paragraph (1), shall take necessary measures without delay.
(3) Where related persons, including farm operators and slaughterhouse operators, find any omission of an entry, or an error in an entry in the Identification Registers, they may request the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs to rectify such omission or error.
(4) Where any person fails to rectify as requested under paragraph (2), or the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs is requested to make a rectification under paragraph (3), the Minister may make rectification through on-site inspections and verification.
CHAPTER IV GUIDANCE AND SUPERVISION
 Article 23 (Rectification Orders)
Where a livestock owner, a farm operator, an importer or exporter of livestock subject to traceability, a livestock market establisher, a slaughterhouse operator, an importer or seller of imported food, etc., a meat packer, a seller of livestock products subject to traceability, a food service business operator, a meal service facility operator, or a mail-order business operator fails to comply with any provisions of this Act or any order issued under this Act without good cause, the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs or a Mayer/Do Governor may order rectification within a given period. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
 Article 24 (Reporting, Access, Inspections, etc.)
(1) If necessary for implementing this Act, the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, or a Mayor/Do Governor may require a livestock owner, a farm operator, an importer or exporter of livestock subject to traceability, a livestock market establisher, or other related person, to file a necessary report, or require the relevant public officials (including executives and employees of public institutions, etc. performing the duties entrusted under Article 30) to inspect relevant documents, and goods related to the relevant business or operation, and collect the minimum samples necessary for inspections free of charge, upon gaining access to the relevant livestock breeding facilities, offices, places of business, or other relevant places.
(2) If necessary for implementing this Act, the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, or a Mayor/Do Governor may require a slaughterhouse operator, an importer or seller of imported food, etc., a meat packer, a seller of livestock products subject to traceability, a food service business operator, a meal service facility operator, or a mail-order business operator to file a necessary report, or require the relevant public officials to inspect relevant documents, and goods related to the relevant business or operation, and collect the samples of the livestock products subject to traceability necessary for inspections free of charge, upon gaining access to the relevant offices, places of business, or other relevant places. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(3) No farm operator, livestock owner, importer or exporter of livestock subject to traceability, livestock market establisher, slaughterhouse operator, importer or seller of imported food, etc., meat packer, seller of livestock products subject to traceability, food service business operator, meal service facility operator, mail-order business operator, or other related person shall refuse, interfere with, or evade reporting, access, and inspections under paragraphs (1) and (2), without just grounds. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(4) Relevant public officials who gain access, conduct inspections, and collect samples under paragraphs (1) and (2), shall carry a dicynebt indicating their authority and present it to interested persons.
(5) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs may determine and publicly announce the methods of inspection under paragraphs (1) and (2), and other necessary matters.
CHAPTER V SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 25 (Disclosure, etc. of Traceability Information)
(1) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall disclose traceability information on livestock and livestock products subject to traceability.
(2) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall disclose traceability information under paragraph (1) so that customers can readily access such information in diverse manners, including access using cellular phones.
(3) Information collected under this Act that constitutes confidential business or managerial information of any individual, corporation, or organization shall be protected, and shall not be used for any purpose other than for enhancing the efficiency of epidemic prevention, or for developing the livestock industry.
(4) No current or former public official in charge of processing traceability information, current or former employee of any public institution referred to in the Act on the Management of Public Institutions (hereinafter referred to as “public institution”), person who processes or has processed traceability information upon entrustment under Article 30 shall disclose, process without consent, or provide the confidential business or managerial information of any individual, cooperation, or organization he/she has become aware of in the course of performing his/her duties, to any third person, nor shall use such information for improper purposes.
(5) Items of information to be disclosed under paragraph (1), the period and method of disclosure, and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 26 (Keeping, etc. of Books of Account)
(1) Each slaughterhouse operator or meat packer shall record (including electronic recording) the matters concerning slaughter, processing, and auction of livestock subject to traceability and the packing, transactions, sale, etc. of livestock products subject to traceability in books of account and shall keep such books of account for two years from the date of recording.
(2) Each importer or seller of imported food, etc. shall record the serial numbers of the imported traceable livestock products in the statement of transactions (including those prepared electronically: hereinafter the same shall apply) to be prepared under Article 18 of the Special Act on Imported Food Safety Control, and shall keep such statement for two years from the date of importation. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(3) Each seller of livestock products subject to traceability shall record the serial numbers of the livestock products subject to traceability in the statement of transactions, etc. to be prepared under Article 31 of the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act, and shall keep the purchase records for one year from the date of purchase date, and the sales records for two years from the date of sale, respectively. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(4) Each food service business operator, meal service facility operator, and mail-order business operator shall keep the receipts or invoices issued under Article 18 (3) for six months from the date of transaction. <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
(5) Methods of making entries in books of account and statements of transactions under paragraphs (1) through (4), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 27 (Establishment, etc. of Traceability System)
(1) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall formulate and implement a comprehensive plan to efficiently perform the affairs regarding traceability of livestock and livestock products under this Act.
(2) To efficiently manage traceability information on livestock and livestock products, the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall establish an electronic data processing system for reporting, recording, managing, etc. such traceability information (hereafter referred to as “traceability system” in this Article) and endeavor to develop and distribute related programs.
(3) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs may perform the affairs related to reporting, notifications, etc. under this Act using the traceability system, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs.
 Article 28 (Cooperation among Administrative Agencies)
(1) The State or local governments (including public organizations or agencies or individuals that have administrative authority, or to which administrative authority is delegated or entrusted under the relevant statutes or municipal ordinances and rules) shall mutually cooperate to efficiently manage the traceability information on livestock and livestock products.
(2) If necessary for efficiently managing the traceability information on livestock and livestock products, the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs may request cooperation from the head of a relevant administrative agency, a Mayor/Do Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (the head of a Gu refers to the head of an autonomous Gu; hereinafter the same shall apply) in using information via the electronic data processing systems of the State or local governments. In such cases, the head of a relevant administrative agency, a Mayor/Do Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu, in receipt of a request for cooperation, shall comply therewith, except in extenuating circumstances.
(3) Procedures for requesting cooperation under paragraphs (1) and (2), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 29 Deleted. <by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
 Article 30 (Delegation, Entrustment, etc. of Authority)
(1) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs or a Mayor/Do Governor may delegate part of his/her authority vested under this Act to the head of a subordinate agency, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs may entrust part of his/her authority vested under this Act to any public institution, producers’ association, corporation related to the livestock industry, institution specializing in verifications related to the livestock sector, etc. (hereinafter referred to as “public institution, etc.”), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Executive officers and employees of a public institution, etc. performing the affairs entrusted pursuant to paragraph (2), shall be deemed public officials for the purposes of Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act.
 Article 31 (Subsidization, etc. of Expenses)
The State or local governments may fully or partially subsidize the expenses incurred in relation to the implementation of traceability, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, to efficiently implement the traceability of livestock and livestock products.
CHAPTER VI PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 32 (Penalty Provisions)
(1) Each person who discloses, processes without consent, or provides the confidential business or managerial information of any individual, cooperation, or organization to any third person, or uses such information for improper purposes, in violation of Article 25 (4), shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for up to ten years, or by a fine not exceeding thirty million won. <Amended by Act No. 12813, Oct. 15, 2014>
(2) Each of the following persons shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five million won:
1. A person who files an application under Article 4 (1) by fraudulent means;
2. A person who files a report under Article 5 (1) or (2) by fraudulent means;
3. A person who falsely marks the farm identification number of pigs under Article 8 (1);
4. A person who makes a farm identification number or an individual identification number illegible by forging, altering, or intentionally destroying the mark thereof, in violation of Article 9 (1);
5. A person who files a false report on slaughter or auction under Article 11 (1), or applies for allocation of a serial number of pigs under the same Article by fraudulent means;
6. A person who fails to indicate a serial number or falsely indicates it, in violation of Article 11 (5);
7. A person who applies for allocation of a serial number under Article 12 (1) by fraudulent means;
8. A person who fails to place an importation and distribution identification mark bearing a serial number, or indicates a false serial number on the importation and distribution identification mark, in violation of Article 13 (2);
9. A person who indicates a false serial number when filing an import declaration under Article 14 (1);
10. A person who makes a serial number illegible by forging, altering, removing, or intentionally destroying the importation and distribution identification mark, in violation of Article 15 (1);
11. A person who files a false report under Article 16 (1);
12. A person who files a false report on the packing, and transactions and sales under Article 17 (1) and (2).
 Article 33 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
Where the representative of a corporation or an agent, or employee of, or other persons employed by, the corporation or an individual commits any violations provided for in Article 32 in connection with the business affairs of the corporation or individual, in addition to punishing the violators accordingly, the corporation or individual shall be subject to a fine provided for in said Article: Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant business affairs.
 Article 34 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Each of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding five million won:
1. A person who fails to apply for allocation of a farm identification number, in violation of Article 4 (1);
2. A person who fails to report on a revision or files a false report, in violation of Article 4 (3);
3. A person who fails to report, in violation of Article 5 (1) or (2);
4. A person who fails to attach an ear tag, etc. bearing an individual identification number, in violation of Article 7 (1) or (2);
5. A person who fails to mark the farm identification numbers on pigs, in violation of Article 8 (1);
6. A person who fails to report on the monthly status of breeding pigs, or files a false report thereon, in violation of Article 8 (2);
7. A person who transfers, acquires, exports, or moves from his/her livestock breeding facility, the livestock, the individual identification number or farm identification number of which cannot be verified, in violation of Article 9 (2);
8. A person who slaughters any livestock, the individual identification number or farm identification number of which cannot be verified, the livestock unregistered on the livestock and livestock product identification register, or pigs shipped from any livestock breeding facility unregistered on the livestock and livestock product identification register, in violation of Article 10 (1);
9. A person who fails to report on slaughter or auction, or fails to apply for allocation of a serial number of pigs, in violation of Article 11 (1);
10. A person who fails to apply for allocation of a serial number, in violation of Article 12 (1);
11. A person who fails to indicate a serial number when filing an import declaration, in violation of Article 14 (1);
12. A person who transfers, acquires, or exports imported beef, the distribution channels of which are unverifiable because it bears no importation and distribution identification mark, or which is not entered in the importation and distribution identification register, in violation of Article 15 (2);
13. A person who fails to place an importation and distribution identification mark bearing the same serial number, in violation of Article 15 (3);
14. A person who fails to report on the transfer or exportation of imported traceable livestock products, in violation of Article 16 (1);
15. A person who fails to report any change, or files a false report, in violation of Article 16 (2);
16. A person who fails to report any packing, transaction or sale, in violation of Article 17 (1) or (2);
17. A person who fails to display or indicate a serial number, or displays or indicates a false serial number, in violation of Article 18 (1), (2), or (4);
18. A person who fails to issue an invoice, etc. indicating a serial number, in violation of Article 18 (3);
19. A person who fails to comply with a rectification order issued under Article 23;
20. A person who fails to file a report under Article 24 (1) through (3), or files a false report, or refuses, interferes with, or evades an inspection, collection of goods subject to inspection, or collection of samples;
21. A person who fails to record any matter to be entered in a book of account, a statement of transactions, etc., falsely records it, or fails to keep a book of account, in violation of Article 26.
(2) Administrative fines provided for in paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, Mayors/Do Governors, or the heads of Sis/Guns/Gus, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 34 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Each of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding five million won: <Amended by Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
1. A person who fails to apply for allocation of a farm identification number, in violation of Article 4 (1);
2. A person who fails to report on a revision or files a false report, in violation of Article 4 (3);
3. A person who fails to report, in violation of Article 5 (1) or (2);
4. A person who fails to attach an ear tag, etc. bearing an individual identification number, in violation of Article 7 (1) or (2);
5. A person who fails to mark the farm identification numbers on pigs, in violation of Article 8 (1);
6. A person who fails to report on the monthly status of breeding pigs, or files a false report thereon, in violation of Article 8 (2);
7. A person who transfers, acquires, exports, or moves from his/her livestock breeding facility, the livestock, the individual identification number or farm identification number of which cannot be verified, in violation of Article 9 (2);
8. A person who slaughters any livestock, the individual identification number or farm identification number of which cannot be verified, the livestock unregistered on the livestock and livestock product identification register, or pigs shipped from any livestock breeding facility unregistered on the livestock and livestock product identification register, in violation of Article 10 (1);
9. A person who fails to report on slaughter or auction, or fails to apply for allocation of a serial number of pigs, in violation of Article 11 (1);
10. A person who fails to apply for allocation of a serial number, in violation of Article 12 (1);
11. A person who fails to indicate a serial number when filing an import declaration, in violation of Article 14 (1);
12. A person who transfers, acquires, or exports imported beef or pork, the distribution channels of which are unverifiable because it bears no importation and distribution identification mark, or which is not entered in the importation and distribution identification register, in violation of Article 15 (2);
13. A person who fails to place an importation and distribution identification mark bearing the same serial number, in violation of Article 15 (3);
14. A person who fails to report on the transfer or exportation of imported traceable livestock products, in violation of Article 16 (1);
15. A person who fails to report any change, or files a false report, in violation of Article 16 (2);
16. A person who fails to report any packing, transaction or sale, in violation of Article 17 (1) or (2);
17. A person who fails to display or indicate a serial number, or displays or indicates a false serial number, in violation of Article 18 (1), (2), or (4);
18. A person who fails to issue an invoice, etc. indicating a serial number, in violation of Article 18 (3);
19. A person who fails to comply with a rectification order issued under Article 23;
20. A person who fails to file a report under Article 24 (1) through (3), or files a false report, or refuses, interferes with, or evades an inspection, collection of goods subject to inspection, or collection of samples;
21. A person who fails to record any matter to be entered in a book of account, a statement of transactions, etc., falsely records it, or fails to keep a book of account, in violation of Article 26.
(2) Administrative fines provided for in paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, Mayors/Do Governors, or the heads of Sis/Guns/Gus, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
<<Enforcement Date: Dec. 28, 2018>> Article 34 (1) 12
 Article 35 (Publication of Violations)
(1) The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, or Mayors/Do Governors shall publish a list of the business operators subject to a fine under Article 32 (2) 5 through 12, or an administrative fine under Article 34 (1) 13 through 20 on at least two occasions a year on the web-sites of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs, its subordinate agencies prescribed by Presidential Decree, Sis/Dos, Sis/Guns/Gus, the Korea Consumer Agency, and major Internet portal service providers prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Criteria for, methods and details of publication under paragraph (1), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That provisions regarding pork, and the display, indication, recording, and preservation of the serial numbers by food service business operators, meal service facility operators, and mail-order business operators, among the amended provisions of Article 32 (2) 12, Article 34 (1) 16 through 18 and 21, shall enter into force one year and six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Traceability, etc. of Homebred Pork)
Provisions concerning the traceability of homebred pork shall apply from the first homebred pork on which a farm identification mark is indicated under the amended provisions of Article 8 (1) after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (General Transitional Measures)
(1) Any act, such as reporting, done in relation to administrative agencies, pursuant to the provisions of the former Cattle and Beef Traceability Act before this Act enters into force, shall be deemed done under the corresponding provisions of this Act.
(2) Dispositions, proceedings, and other action taken or done by administrative agencies under the provisions of the former Cattle and Beef Traceability Act before this Act enters into force, shall be deemed taken or done under the corresponding provisions of this Act.
(3) Ear tagging by a cattle owner under the provisions of the former Cattle and Beef Traceability Act before this Act enters into force, shall be deemed done under the corresponding provisions of this Act.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Allocation of Farm Identification Numbers)
The Minister of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs shall allocate farm identification numbers to farm operators operating a farm referred to in Article 4 (1) as at the time this Act enters into force, and shall notify the farm operators of the allocated farm identification numbers before this Act enters into force
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Indication, etc. of Serial Numbers on Signboards, etc.)
Any indication of individual identification numbers and importation and distribution identification numbers under the provisions of the former Cattle and Beef Traceability Act before this Act enters into force, shall be deemed an indication of serial numbers under the amended provisions of Article 18 (1) and (2) of this Act.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Penalty Provisions and Administrative Fines)
The previous provisions shall apply to the application of penalty provisions or administrative fines to any violations committed before this Act enters into force.
Article 7 Omitted.
Article 8 (Relationship with other Act)
A citation of the former Cattle and Beef Traceability Act or any provisions thereof in other statutes as at the time this Act enters into force, shall be deemed a citation of this Act or the corresponding provisions thereof in lieu of the Cattle and Beef Traceability Act or the provisions thereof, if such corresponding provisions exist herein.
Article 9 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12813, Oct. 15, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14478, Dec. 27, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 2 (1) 8 (b), 12 (1), 13 (1), 14, 15 (2), and 34 (1) 12 (limited to the part concerning imported pork) and Article 3 of the Addenda shall enter into force two years after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Traceability of Imported Pork)
The amended provisions concerning the traceability of imported pork shall apply, beginning with the first application by a meat packer or an importer or seller of imported food, etc. for the allocation of serial numbers pursuant to Article 12 to the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 Omitted.