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SPECIAL ACT ON THE SAFETY CONTROL AND MAINTENANCE OF ESTABLISHMENTS

Wholly Amended by Act No. 14545, Jan. 17, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to ensuring public safety and further promoting the welfare of the people by preventing accidents and disasters and improving the utility of establishments through safety inspections and appropriate maintenance of establishments.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows:
1. The term "establishment" means any structure built through construction works, including a bridge, tunnel, harbor, dam, and building, and facilities incidental to such structure, which is classified into a Class-I, Class-II, and Class-III establishment referred to in the subparagraphs of Article 7;
2. The term "management authority" means any person designated either as the manager of an establishment or the owner of an establishment. In this regard, the person responsible for managing an establishment under an agreement or other arrangement entered into with the owner of the establishment on the management of the establishment shall be deemed the management authority; and management authorities shall be classified into public management authorities and private management authorities;
3. The term "public management authority" means any of the following management authorities:
(a) The State or a local government;
(c) A local public enterprise defined by the Local Public Enterprises Act;
4. The term "private management authority" means any management authority other than public management authorities;
5. The term "safety inspection" means an inspection conducted by a person having experience and expertise to examine risk factors inherent in a certain establishment with the naked eye or with inspection tools, etc.; and such inspection shall be classified into a periodic safety inspection and a full safety inspection according the objectives and level of an inspection, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport;
6. The term "full safety examination" means examining, measuring, and assessing the structural safety of an establishment, the causes of defects in the establishment, etc., in order to identify physical and functional defects of the establishment and take prompt and appropriate measures for such defects, and to propose methods for repair, reinforcement, etc.;
7. The term "emergency safety inspection" means an inspection conducted to identify physical and functional defects of an establishment promptly where an accident or disaster is likely to be caused by the collapsing or falling of the establishment;
8. The term "seismic performance assessment" means an assessment conducted on the seismic performance of an establishment according to the seismic design standards established for each type of establishment pursuant to Article 14 (1) of the Act on the Preparation for Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions to ensure the safety of the establishment from earthquakes and to maintain functions of the establishment;
9. The term "contract" means an agreement under which either of the parties agrees to conduct a safety inspection, full safety examination, or emergency safety inspection; performs maintenance services or completes a performance assessment, as a prime contract, a subcontract, an outsourcing contract, or howsoever named, and the other party agrees to pay the price for the results of such services;
10. The term "subcontract" means an agreement entered into between a contractor and a third party to award a contract for all or some services for a contracted safety inspection, full safety examination, or emergency safety inspection or for maintenance services or a performance assessment;
11. The term "maintenance" means routinely inspecting and maintaining a completed establishment; restoring damaged sections to the original state; and other activities necessary for improving, repairing, and reinforcing the establishment, as required over time, to preserve functions of the establishment and to improve convenience and safety of users of the establishment;
12. The term "performance assessment" means a comprehensive assessment of the performance of an establishment, including of its structural safety, durability, and usability, as required to maintain functions of the establishment;
13. The term "defect warranty period" means the defect liability period or defect repair period specified under the Framework Act on the Construction Industry, the Multi-Family Housing Management Act, and other relevant statutes.
 Article 3 (Responsibilities of the State, etc.)
(1) The State and local governments shall formulate and implement comprehensive policies for the safety and maintenance of establishments to protect lives, bodies, and property of the people.
(2) Each management authority shall take measures necessary for ensuring the safety of establishments and promoting the sustained use of establishments.
(3) Every citizen shall actively cooperate with the State, local governments, and management authorities in their activities for the safety and maintenance of establishments.
 Article 4 (Relationship to other Acts)
This Act shall take precedence over other Acts relevant to the safety and maintenance of establishments.
CHAPTER II MASTER PLANS, ETC.
 Article 5 (Formulation and Implementation of Master Plans for Safety and Maintenance of Establishments)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall formulate and implement a master plan for the safety and maintenance of establishments (hereinafter referred to as the "master plan") every five years to maintain establishments’ safety.
(2) Each master plan shall include the following matters:
1. Basic objectives of the safety and maintenance of establishments and direction setting for accomplishing such objectives;
2. Development, establishment, and operation of a system for the safety and maintenance of establishments;
3. Establishment and operation of an information system for the safety and maintenance of establishments;
4. Research and development of technology necessary for the safety and maintenance of establishments;
5. Training of human resources necessary for the safety and maintenance of establishments;
6. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree regarding the safety and maintenance of establishments.
(3) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall have prior consultation with the heads of relevant central administrative agencies to formulate a master plan and may request the heads of relevant central administrative agencies; and the heads of local governments to submit relevant materials, if deemed necessary for formulating the master plan. The foregoing shall also apply where the Minister intends to amend the master plan.
(4) Upon formulating or amending a master plan, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall publicly notify the formulated or amended master plan by publishing it in the Official Gazette.
 Article 6 (Formulation and Implementation of Plans for Safety and Maintenance of Establishments)
(1) Every management authority shall formulate and implement a plan for the safety and maintenance of the establishments under its management (hereinafter referred to as "establishment management plan") according to the master plan: Provided, That a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si, Gun or Gu ("the head of a Gu" refers to the head of an autonomous Gu; hereinafter referred to as "head of a Si/Gun/Gu") shall formulate such plan for the establishments specified by Presidential Decree, among establishments managed by private management authorities, including multi-family housing buildings exempt from compulsory management, as defined in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Multi-Family Housing Management Act, out of Class-III establishments classified under Article 7.
(2) Each establishment management plan shall include the following matters: Provided, That the matters specified in subparagraph 5 may be omitted where the head of a Si/Gun/Gu formulates an establishment management plan pursuant to the proviso to paragraph (1):
1. Organizational structure, personnel, and equipment to be provided for the safety and appropriate maintenance of establishments;
2. A system for taking measures in emergency;
3. Collection and retention of design documents related to the designing, construction, supervision of construction, maintenance, etc. of establishments;
4. Safety inspections or full safety examinations;
5. Maintenance works, including repair and reinforcement, and expenses incurred in such works.
(3) The head of a Si/Gun/Gu who formulates an establishment management plan pursuant to the proviso to paragraph (1) shall notify the relevant management authority of the plan.
(4) Upon formulating an establishment management plan, a public management authority shall report the plan to the head of the relevant administrative agency specified in either of the following subparagraphs:
1. If the public management authority is an agency affiliated with, or supervised by a central administrative agency: The head of the central administrative agency;
2. If the public management authority is not an agency referred to in subparagraph 1: The competent Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Do Governor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, or Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor").
(5) Upon formulating an establishment management plan, a private management authority shall submit the plan to the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu.
(6) Upon receipt of an establishment management plan submitted under paragraph (5), the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall report the submitted plan to the competent Mayor/Do Governor (excluding a Self-Governing City Mayor or Special Self-Governing Province Governor), as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(7) Upon receipt of an establishment management plan reported or submitted pursuant to paragraphs (4) through (6), the head of a central administrative agency or a Mayor/Do Governor shall track the progress of the plan and shall submit data related to the establishment management plan to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(8) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the head of the relevant administrative agency shall examine the feasibility of the establishment management plan reported or submitted pursuant to paragraphs (4) through (7) and may request the relevant management authority or the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu (limited to cases of the proviso to paragraph (1)) to correct or supplement the plan, if necessary. In such cases, a person requested to correct or supplement a plan shall comply with such request except in special circumstances.
(9) Other matters necessary for formulating and implementing an establishment management plan, including the timing for formulating an establishment management plan by each type of management authority, and the content of such plan, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 7 (Types of Establishments)
Establishments shall be classified as follows:
1. Class-I establishments: Establishments specified by Presidential Decree, among the following large establishments that require special management or high technology for structural safety and maintenance to promote convenient and safe public use:
(a) Bridges for high-speed railroads, and road or railroad bridges at least 500-meters long;
(b) Tunnels for high-speed railroads or urban railroads, and road or railroad bridges at least 1,000 meters long;
(c) Lock gates, and breakwaters at least 1,000-meters long;
(d) Multi-purpose dams, dams for power generation, dams for flood control, and water reservoir dams with a total storage capacity of at least 10 million tons;
(e) Buildings with at least 21 stories or with a total floor area of at least 50,000 square meters;
(f) Estuary embankments and tide embankments with a catchment capacity of at least 80 million tons;
(g) Regional waterworks for potable water, waterworks for industrial water, and local waterworks with a daily supply capacity of at least 30,000 tons;
2. Class-II establishments: The following establishments specified by Presidential Decree as they are at high risk of disaster or require continuous management to prevent disasters, including infrastructure, other than Class-I establishments:
(a) Road or railroad bridges at least 100 meters long;
(b) Tunnels for national expressways, general national highways, Special Metropolitan City roads and Metropolitan City roads and tunnels for railroads in the Special Metropolitan City or Metropolitan Cities;
(c) Breakwaters at least 500 meters long;
(d) Dams only for local waterworks for potable water and water reservoir dams with a total storage capacity of at least 1 million tons;
(e) Buildings with at least 16 stories or with a total floor area of at least 30,000 square meters;
(f) Tide embankments with a catchment capacity of at least 10 million tons;
(g) Local waterworks for potable water with a daily supply capacity of less than 30,000 tons;
3. Class-III establishments: Small establishments designated and publicly notified under Article 8 as requiring safety control, other than Class-I and Class-II establishments.
 Article 8 (Designation, etc. of Class-III Establishments)
(1) The head of a central administrative agency or the head of a local government shall designate and publicly notify establishments at high risk of disaster or those requiring continuous management to prevent disasters as Class-III establishments, other than Class-I and Class-II establishments, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) If the risk of disaster has been removed from a Class-III establishment by repair or reinforcement works or it becomes unnecessary to continuously manage the Class-III establishment for preventing disasters, the head of the relevant central administrative agency or the head of the relevant local government shall cancel the designation of such establishment, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Upon designating and publicly notifying an establishment as a Class-III establishment or upon cancelling such designation under paragraph (1) or (2), the head of a central administrative agency or the head of a local government shall notify the relevant management authority of such designation or cancellation, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 9 (Submission, etc. of Design Documents, etc.)
(1) A business entity building and supplying a Class-I or Class-II establishment shall submit documents specified by Presidential Decree, including design documents and a transcript of the establishment management register, to the relevant management authority and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(2) When an establishment is designated and publicly notified as a Class-III establishment pursuant to Article 8 (1), the management authority of the Class-III establishment shall submit the documents referred to in paragraph (1) to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport within one month.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), upon receipt of a request from the head of any relevant central administrative agency, the business entity building and supplying a Class-I or Class-II establishment may elect not to submit the documents referred to in paragraph (1) regarding the establishment, if it is necessary to keep relevant information confidential for national defense or security. In such cases, the head of such central administrative agency shall notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the reasons for such request.
(4) A management authority shall submit the documents referred to in paragraphs (1) to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport after completing any of the substantial repair or reinforcement works specified by Presidential Decree.
(5) Every management authority shall retain the documents specified in paragraph (1), (2), and (4) as long as the relevant establishment continues to exist.
(6) The head of a related administrative agency with the authority to approve completion or use of a Class-I or Class-II establishment (referring to the head of any of the public institutions prescribed in Article 4 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions, if such public institution is entrusted with the authority to approve completion or use of such establishment pursuant to relevant statutes) shall examine the documents submitted under paragraph (1) by the business entity building and supplying the Class-I or Class-II establishment to approve completion or use of the establishment.
(7) The head of any related administrative agency who approves completion or use of an establishment under paragraph (6) shall notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of approval of completion or use of the establishment within one month from the date of approval of the completion or use, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(8) Methods for submitting documents under paragraphs (1) through (4) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 10 (Inspection of Design Documents, etc.)
(1) An institution registered as specialized in safety examinations pursuant to Article 28 (hereinafter referred to as "institution specialized in safety examinations"), the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation established pursuant to Article 45 (hereinafter referred to as the "Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation"), or a maintenance business operator registered pursuant to Article 9 of the Framework Act on the Construction Industry (hereinafter referred to as "maintenance business operator") may request the relevant management authority to allow the inspection of documents related to the designing, construction, and supervision of construction of the relevant establishment or to issue copies of such documents, if necessary for conducting a safety inspection, full safety examination, or emergency safety inspection (hereinafter referred to as "safety inspection or examination") or for performing maintenance works: Provided, That such documents about an establishment may be inspected with consent of the relevant management authority or related agency, if necessary to keep relevant information confidential for national defense or security.
(2) Any of the following persons may request the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to allow the inspection of relevant documents about an establishment, including design documents and the establishment management register, if necessary for the safety and maintenance of the establishment:
1. The head of any related administrative agency;
2. An institution specialized in safety examinations, the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation, or a maintenance business operator;
3. A central committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment or a committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment under Article 58 (4) or (5).
(3) Upon receipt of a request for allowing the inspection of documents or issuing copies of documents under paragraph (1) or (2), the relevant management authority or the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall comply with such request except in special circumstances.
(4) The scope of relevant documents to be inspected under paragraphs (1) and (2), the procedure and methods for inspection, and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
CHAPTER III SAFETY CONTROL OF ESTABLISHMENTS
SECTION 1 Safety Inspections or Examinations
 Article 11 (Conduct of Safety Inspections)
(1) Every management authority shall conduct safety inspections regularly to maintain the safety and functions of the establishment under its management: Provided, That the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu shall conduct safety inspections of any establishment prescribed in the proviso to Article 6 (1).
(2) A management authority who shall conduct the final full safety inspection before the end of the defect warranty period (referring to the defect warrant period for the essential sections specified by Presidential Decree, among all sections of an establishment, if sections of the establishment have different defect warranty periods) shall request an institution specialized in safety examinations or the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation to conduct the full safety inspection on its behalf.
(3) If a management authority becomes unable to conduct a safety inspection due to a default of payment resulting from inability to pay bills or checks or other cause or event, the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu may conduct the safety inspection on behalf of the management authority. In such cases, the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu may claim from the management authority reimbursement of expenses incurred in the safety inspection.
(4) If a management authority fails to reimburse the head of a Si/Gun/Gu for expenses incurred to the head of the Si/Gun/Gu in conducting a safety inspection on behalf of the management authority, as claimed pursuant to paragraph (3), the head of the Si/Gun/Gu may collect such expenses in the same manner as delinquent local taxes are collected.
(5) Level of safety inspections for each class of establishment, the timing for conducting safety inspections, the procedure and methods for conducting safety inspections, qualifications for persons eligible to conduct safety inspections, and other matters necessary for conducting safety inspections, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 12 (Conduct of Full Safety Examinations)
(1) Every management authority shall conduct full safety examinations for Class-I establishments regularly.
(2) A management authority shall conduct a full safety examination, if deemed necessary for preventing an accident or a disaster after conducting a safety inspection under Article 11 or an emergency safety inspection under Article 13. In such cases, the management authority shall commence the full safety examination within one year from the date a fact-finding report is submitted under Article 13 (7) or Article 17 (4).
(3) Where a management authority conducts a full safety examination on any establishment that has not undergone a seismic performance assessment, among establishments subject to seismic design requirements under Article 14 (1) of the Act on the Preparation for Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions, it shall include a seismic performance assessment of the establishment in such full safety examination.
(4) If it is found during a review conducted under Article 18 on the findings from a full safety examination including a seismic performance assessment, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may recommend the relevant management authority to improve seismic performance of the relevant establishment.
(5) The timing for conducting full safety examinations, the procedure and methods for conducting full safety examinations, and qualifications for persons eligible to conduct full safety examinations, and other matters necessary for conducting full safety examinations, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 13 (Conduct of Emergency Safety Inspections)
(1) When a management authority finds that an establishment is at risk of collapsing or falling, it shall conduct an emergency safety inspection.
(2) If the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the head of any related administrative agency finds that the structure of an establishment is likely to seriously affect safe public use of the establishment, he/she may instruct public officials of the Ministry or agency to conduct an emergency safety inspection or may request the relevant management authority or the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu (limited to establishments prescribed in the proviso to Article 6 (1)) to conduct an emergency safety inspection. In such cases, a person so requested shall comply with such request except in special circumstances.
(3) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the head of any related administrative agency shall conduct an emergency safety inspection under paragraph (2), he/she may conduct the emergency safety inspection jointly with other related agencies or experts to increase the efficiency of the inspection.
(4) Any public official who conducts an emergency safety inspection under paragraph (2) may ask questions to interested persons, as necessary, or may inspect relevant documents, etc.
(5) Any public official who conducts an emergency safety inspection under paragraph (2) shall carry a certificate indicating his/her authority and produce the certificate to interested persons.
(6) When the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the head of any related administrative agency completes an emergency safety inspection under paragraph (2), he/she shall notify the relevant management authority of the findings; and may order the management authority to conduct a full safety examination and take necessary measures, such as repair and reinforcement works, if he/she concludes that such measures are necessary for ensuring the safety of the establishment.
(7) When a management authority or the head of any related administrative agency completes an emergency safety inspection under paragraph (1) or (2), the management authority or the head of the administrative agency shall submit a fact-finding report to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Article 6 (4) through (7) shall apply mutatis mutandis where the management authority submits fact-finding reports.
(8) The timing for conducting emergency safety inspections, the procedure and methods for conducting emergency safety inspections, and qualifications for persons eligible to conduct emergency safety inspections, and other matters necessary for conducting emergency safety inspections, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 14 (Judicial Police Power)
Any public official who conducts an emergency safety inspection under Article 13 (2) shall perform the duties of a judicial police officer regarding offenses committed in connection with the emergency safety inspection, including refusing, evading, or interfering with, the emergency safety without just cause, as prescribed by the Act on the Persons Performing the Duties of Judicial Police Officers and the Scope of Their Duties.
 Article 15 (Support for Local Governments)
The State may provide support as necessary for designating Class-III establishments and conducting safety inspections or examinations.
 Article 16 (Determination, etc. of Safety Ratings of Establishments)
(1) Any person who conducts a safety inspection or examination shall determine the safety rating of the relevant establishment based on the findings from the safety inspection or examination according to standards prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may change the safety rating of an establishment in any of the following cases. In such cases, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall notify such change to the management authority of the establishment:
1. Where it is deemed necessary to change the safety rating after evaluating the findings from a full safety inspection or full safety examination under Article 18;
2. Where it is deemed necessary to adjust the safety rating after a report on the results of maintenance submitted pursuant to Article 41 is confirmed and repair and reinforcement works for the relevant establishment are completed;
3. Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport deems it necessary to adjust the safety rating because the condition of the relevant establishment changes due to an accident or a disaster.
(3) The method and procedure for determining or changing safety ratings under paragraphs (1) and (2) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 17 (Reporting, etc. of Findings from Safety Inspections and Full Safety Examinations)
(1) Any person who has conducted a safety inspection under Article 11 or a full safety examination under Article 12 shall prepare a fact-finding report on such inspection or examination, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and shall forward the report to the relevant management authority and the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu (limited to cases of the proviso to Article 11 (1) and Article 11 (3); hereafter, the same shall apply in this Article and Article 18).
(2) A person who prepares a fact-finding report under paragraph (1) on a safety inspection or full safety examination conducted by the person shall observe the following rules:
1. The person shall not prepare a fact-finding report on the safety inspection or full safety examination by copying a fact-finding report on another safety inspection or full safety examination;
2. The person shall not prepare a false or incomplete fact-finding report on the safety inspection or full safety examination or false or incomplete data on which such report is based;
3. The person shall retain the fact-finding report on the safety inspection or full safety examination and the data on which such report is based for the period specified by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(3) Detailed criteria for identifying copied, false, or incomplete reports referred to in paragraph (2) 1 and 2 shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(4) A management authority and the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu shall submit a fact-finding report on a safety inspection or full safety examination under paragraph (1) to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. In such cases, Article 6 (4) through (7) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the procedure for submitting reports.
(5) The method for forwarding reports under paragraph (1), the timing and methods for submitting reports under paragraph (4), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 18 (Evaluation of Findings from Full Safety Inspections or Full Safety Examinations)
(1) Upon receipt of a fact-finding report on a full safety inspection or full safety examination pursuant to Article 17 (4), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may evaluate findings from the full safety inspection or full safety examination, to improve the technique for full safety inspections or full safety examinations and to prevent incomplete inspections or examinations.
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may request a management authority, the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation, an institution specialized in safety examinations, or a maintenance business operator to submit data necessary for the evaluation under paragraph (1). In such cases, a person requested to submit data shall comply with such request except in special circumstances.
(3) If the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport deems it necessary to correct or supplement a fact-finding report after evaluating findings from a full safety inspection or full safety examination under paragraph (1), the Minister may request the relevant management authority or the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu to correct or supplement the report.
(4) Objects, methods, and procedure for evaluation under paragraph (1), and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 19 (Safety Inspections or Examinations of Vulnerable Small Establishments)
(1) Upon receipt of a request from the manager or owner of any of the establishments specified by Presidential Decree (hereinafter referred to as "vulnerable small establishment"), such as a social welfare establishment deemed vulnerable to safety danger or at risk of disaster, among establishments not specified in Article 7, or from the head of any related administrative agency, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may conduct a safety inspection or examination.
(2) Upon receipt of a request under paragraph (1), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall conduct a safety inspection or examination on the vulnerable small establishment and shall notify findings and information necessary for safety measures to the manager or owner of the small establishment or the head of the related administrative agency.
(3) Upon receipt of the notification under paragraph (2), the manager or owner of the vulnerable small establishment or the head of the related administrative agency shall endeavor to perform works necessary for repair, reinforcement, etc. in good faith.
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the head of any related administrative agency may provide educational programs for the safety and maintenance of vulnerable small establishments to the managers, owners, etc. of vulnerable small establishments, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(5) Methods and procedures for safety inspections or examinations under paragraphs (1) through (3) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 20 (Obligations, etc. of Persons Conducting Safety Inspections or Examinations)
(1) Any person conducting safety inspections or examinations shall do so according to the methods, procedures, etc. prescribed for safety inspections or examinations in the guidelines for safety inspections or examinations under Article 21.
(2) Any person conducting safety inspections or examinations shall do so within the scope of works specified by Presidential Decree based on the number of technical personnel or the registered field of business.
 Article 21 (Guidelines for Safety Inspections or Examinations)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall formulate guidelines for safety inspections or examinations, including the timing, methods, procedures, etc. for conducting safety inspections, full safety examinations, and emergency safety inspections, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall have prior consultation with the heads of related administrative agencies to formulate the guidelines under paragraph (1) and may request the heads of related administrative agencies to submit relevant materials, where necessary.
SECTION 2 Safety Measures, etc. for Preventing Disasters
 Article 22 (Notification of Critical Defects in Establishments)
(1) If any person conducting a safety inspection or examination finds any of the critical defects specified by Presidential Decree, including erosion or differential settlement of the foundation of an establishment, from the relevant establishment, the person shall notify the findings to the relevant management authority and the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu, without delay, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) A management authority shall convey the findings notified pursuant to paragraph (1) to the head of the related administrative agency responsible for the management or supervision of the relevant establishment and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 23 (Emergency Safety Measures)
(1) If a management authority deems it necessary to take emergency measures because a critical defect in the structure of an establishment will seriously affect safe public use after being notified of a critical defect in the establishment pursuant to Article 22 (1), the management authority shall take safety measures, such as restricting or prohibiting the use of the establishment, demolishing the establishment, and evacuating residents.
(2) If the head of a Si/Gun/Gu deems it necessary to take emergency measures because a critical defect in the structure of an establishment will seriously affect safe public use after being notified of a critical defect in the establishment pursuant to Article 22 (1), the head of the Si/Gun/Gu may order the relevant management authority to take safety measures, such as restricting or prohibiting the use of the establishment, demolishing the establishment, and evacuating residents. In such cases, the management authority shall perform safety measures promptly according to the order.
(3) When a management authority restricts the use of an establishment and takes other measures pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2), it shall notify the measures immediately to the head of the related administrative agency and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport; and upon receipt of such notification, the head of the related administrative agency shall publicly announce such measures.
(4) If a person ordered to take safety measures under paragraph (2) fails to comply with an order to take measures, the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu may take safety measures on behalf of such person. The Administrative Vicarious Execution Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to such cases.
(5) To take safety measures under paragraph (4), the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall give written notice of the measures to the relevant management authority: Provided, That such written notice may be given after taking safety measures in an emergency or if it is impossible to give written notice.
 Article 24 (Repair, Reinforcement, etc. of Establishments)
(1) Upon receipt of an order to take measures under Article 13 (6) or notice of a critical defect in an establishment under Article 23 (1), the management authority shall take necessary measures, including repairing and reinforcing the establishment, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) If a management authority fails to take necessary measures, such as repairing and reinforcing an establishment under paragraph (1), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the head of the related administrative agency may order the management authority to take measures as ordered and to take corrective measures.
(3) After taking necessary measures, such as repairing and reinforcing an establishment under paragraph (1), the management authority shall notify the results of the measures to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and the head of the related administrative agency.
(4) The timing, methods, and procedure for notification under paragraph (3) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 25 (Installation, etc. of Danger Sign)
(1) If any of the critical defects specified by Presidential Decree is found in an establishment during a safety inspection or examination or it is found necessary to urgently repair and reinforce an establishment after determining its safety rating under Article 16, the management authority shall install danger signs in and around such establishment and shall inform residents of the danger through broadcasting media, Internet, and other media.
(2) Details about the size, content, etc. of the danger sign installed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(3) No person shall relocate or deface any danger sign without permission from the management authority.
CHAPTER IV OUTSOURCING OF SAFETY INSPECTIONS OR EXAMINATIONS
 Article 26 (Outsourcing of Safety Inspections or Examinations)
(1) A management authority may outsource safety inspections and emergency safety inspections to the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation, an institution specialized in safety examinations, or a maintenance business operator.
(2) Every management authority shall conduct a full safety examination by outsourcing the full safety examination to the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation or an institution specialized in safety examinations: Provided, That it shall outsource full safety examinations of the establishments specified by Presidential Decree only to the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation.
(3) When the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation or an institution specialized in safety examinations conducts a full safety examination, it may do so jointly with another institution specialized in safety examinations with approval from the relevant management authority.
 Article 27 (Restriction, etc. on Subcontracting)
(1) No institution specialized in safety examinations, a maintenance business operator, or the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation, to whom a contract for a safety inspection or examination is awarded by a management authority, shall subcontract the safety inspection or examination to any third party: Provided, That in any of the cases specified by Presidential Decree, such as where any special technology is required to the extent not exceeding 50/100 of the total contract price, a subcontract for a specific field of works may be awarded only once.
(2) Any person who awards a subcontract pursuant to the proviso to paragraph (1) shall notify the management authority of the subcontract, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) If a management authority has a reasonable ground to suspect that an institution specialized in safety examinations, a maintenance business operator, or the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation has subcontracted a certain work to a third party in violation of paragraph (1), it may request any of the following persons to conduct a fact-finding investigation:
1. In cases of an institution specialized in safety examinations: The Mayor/Do Governor;
2. In cases of a maintenance business operator: The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the Mayor/Do Governor;
3. In cases of the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation: The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(4) Upon receipt of a request under paragraph (3), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the Mayor/Do Governor shall conduct a fact-finding investigation, as necessary, and shall notify the relevant management authority of his/her findings.
(5) If the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the Mayor/Do Governor finds that a contractor has subcontracted a certain work to a third party in violation of paragraph (1) after conducting an investigation under paragraph (4), he/she shall take any of the actions specified in Article 31, request the competent authority to take any of such actions, or take other necessary measures.
(6) If deemed necessary for conducting a fact-finding investigation under paragraph (4), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or a Mayor/Do Governor may request an institution specialized in safety examinations, a maintenance business operator, the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation, and other interested persons to submit documents, as necessary, and may instruct public officials of the Ministry or the local government to enter the office or place of business of such institution, business operator, or corporation to inspect books of account, documents, or other materials or articles.
 Article 28 (Registration, etc. of Institutions Specialized in Safety Examinations)
(1) Any person who intends to engage in business of conducting safety inspections or examinations on establishments or assessing the performance of establishments shall meet the standards for registration prescribed by Presidential Decree for each category, such as technical personnel and equipment, and shall register his/her business as an institution specialized in safety examinations with the competent Mayor/Do Governor.
(2) The Mayor/Do Governor shall issue a certificate of registration upon registering an institution specialized in safety examinations pursuant to paragraph (1).
(3) When any of the registered matters specified by Presidential Decree changes, the relevant institution specialized in safety examinations shall report the change to the competent Mayor/Do Governor within 30 days from the date of such change.
(4) If an institution specialized in safety examinations loses its certificate of registration issued under paragraph (2) or such certificate is defaced, it may apply for reissue of the certificate.
(5) When an institution specialized in safety examinations intends to temporarily close business for at least one year, resume business, or permanently close business, it shall file a report thereon with the competent Mayor/Do Governor.
(6) Upon receipt of a report on permanent closure under paragraph (5), the Mayor/Do Governor shall deregister the institution.
(7) When a Mayor/Do Governor registers an institution specialized in safety examinations or receives a report from an institution specialized in safety examinations under paragraph (1), (3) or (5) regarding a change in registered matters, temporary closure, resumption of business, or permanent closure, the Mayor/Do Governor shall notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of such registration or report.
(8) Matters necessary for registering institutions specialized in safety examinations, issuing certificates of registration, reporting changes in registered matters and delivering certificates of registration under paragraphs (1) through (4), and the methods, procedure, etc. for filing reports under paragraph (5), shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 29 (Grounds for Disqualification)
None of the following persons is qualified for registering his/her business as an institution specialized in safety examinations:
1. A person under adult guardianship or limited guardianship;
2. A person declared bankrupt and not yet reinstated;
3. A person in whose case two years have not passed since registration of his/her business was revoked under Article 31: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where registration of his/her business is revoked under Article 31 (1) 10;
4. A person in whose case two years have not passed since a sentence of imprisonment with prison labor or heavier punishment imposed upon him/her for a violation of this Act was completely executed (or is deemed completely executed) or remitted;
5. A person who was sentenced to the suspension of imprisonment with prison labor or heavier punishment for a violation of this Act and is still in the period of suspension;
6. A corporation that has any person referred to in subparagraphs 1 through 5 among its executive officers.
 Article 30 (Prohibition, etc. of Lending Name)
No institution specialized in safety examinations shall allow a third person to conduct safety inspections or examinations or performance assessments under its name or trade name, or lend the certificate of registration of the institution specialized in safety examinations to a third person.
 Article 31 (Revocation, etc. of Registration)
In any of the following cases, a Mayor/Do Governor may revoke registration of an institution specialized in safety examinations or order an institution specialized in safety examinations to suspend business for a specified period not exceeding one year: Provided, That a Mayor/Do Governor shall revoke registration of such institution in cases of subparagraphs 1 through 3, 10, 11, and 17:
1. If the institution specialized in safety examinations is registered by fraud or other improper means;
2. If the institution specialized in safety examinations re-commits an offence punishable by an order to suspend business after the institution has been ordered to suspend business twice during the most recent two years;
3. If the institution specialized in safety examinations was ordered to suspend business but executes a new contract for safety inspections or examinations or for performance assessments during a period of suspension of business;
4. If the institution specialized in safety examinations has no record of performing safety inspections or examinations or performance assessments during, at least, the most recent three years (excluding the period of temporary closure reported pursuant to Article 28 (5) in calculating the period) without just cause;
5. If the results of an evaluation conducted by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport under Article 18 on the findings from a full safety inspection or examination conducted by the institution specialized in safety examinations reveals that the institution intentionally or negligently made wrong findings as to the safety or has performed its business activities improperly;
6. If the institution specialized in safety examinations failed to perform safety inspections or examinations and other business activities in good faith, in violation of Article 20 (1), thus caused damage to an establishment or a critical defect in the structure of an establishment;
7. If the institution specialized in safety examinations violates the scope of safety inspections or examinations under Article 20 (2);
8. If the institution specialized in safety examinations subcontracts a safety inspection or examination to a third person in violation of Article 27;
9. If the institution specialized in safety examinations fails to meet any of the standards for registration under Article 28 (1): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to cases specified by Presidential Decree, such as where an institution specialized in safety examinations temporarily fails to meet any of the standards for registration;
10. If the institution specialized in safety examinations falls under any subparagraph of Article 29: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where a corporation referred to in subparagraph 6 of Article 29 replaces the executive officer in question within six months;
11. If the institution specialized in safety examinations allows a third person to use its name or trade name or lends the certificate of registration of the institution specialized in safety examinations to a third person;
12. If the institution specialized in safety examinations re-commits an offence punishable by an order to take corrective measures after having been subjected to an order to take corrective measures under Article 35 twice during the most recent two years;
13. If the institution specialized in safety examinations failed to conduct a performance assessment in good faith, in violation of Article 42 (1), and has consequently caused damage to an establishment or a critical defect in the structure of an establishment;
14. If the institution specialized in safety examinations assigns a safety inspection or examination or a performance assessment to any person other than the persons qualified for performing safety inspections under Article 12, full safety examinations under Article 12, emergency safety inspections under Article 13, or performance assessments under Article 40 (hereafter referred to as "engineer" in this Article);
15. If the institution specialized in safety examinations assigns a safety inspection or examination or a performance assessment to be performed by an engineer among its executive officers and employees, to any engineer who is neither its executive officer nor employee;
16. If any administrative agency requests the institution specialized in safety examinations to suspend business pursuant to relevant statutes;
17. If the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of the responsible administrative agency, or the head of the relevant local government confirms permanent closure of the institution specialized in safety examinations.
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or a Mayor/Do Governor may request a maintenance business operator to suspend business or to be deregistered under subparagraph 11 of Article 83 of the Framework Act on the Construction Industry, if:
1. The maintenance business operator executes a new contract for a safety inspection, an emergency safety inspection, or maintenance during a period of suspension of business after it is ordered to suspend business;
2. The results of an evaluation conducted by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport under Article 18 on the findings from a full safety inspection conducted by the maintenance business operator reveals that the maintenance business operator intentionally or negligently made wrong findings as to the safety or has performed its business activities improperly;
3. The maintenance business operator failed to perform a safety inspection or emergency safety inspection in good faith, in violation of Article 20 (1), and has consequently caused damage to an establishment or a critical defect in the structure of an establishment;
4. The maintenance business operator violates the scope of safety inspections or emergency safety inspections under Article 20 (2);
5. The maintenance business operator subcontracts a safety inspection or emergency safety inspection to a third person in violation of Article 27;
6. The maintenance business operator re-commits an offence punishable by an order to take corrective measures after having been subjected to an order to take corrective measures under Article 35 twice during the most recent two years;
7. The maintenance business operator failed to conduct maintenance works in good faith, in violation of Article 42 (1), and has consequently caused serious damage to an establishment;
8. The maintenance business operator assigns a safety inspection or emergency safety inspection to any person other than an engineer;
9. The maintenance business operator assigns a safety inspection or emergency safety inspection to be performed by an engineer among its executive officers and employees, to any engineer who is neither its executive officer nor employee.
(3) Upon receipt of a request to suspend business or deregister under paragraph (2), the head of the related administrative agency shall notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the competent Mayor/Do Governor of the results of the measure taken by him/her.
(4) Detailed criteria for administrative actions provided for in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree based upon the grounds for such actions, the degree of the relevant offence, etc.
 Article 32 (Hearings)
A Mayor/Do Governor shall hold a hearing in order to revoke the registration of an institution specialized in safety examinations or suspend business of an institution specialized in safety examinations under Article 31.
 Article 33 (Business Operations Subsequent to Administrative Action)
(1) After registration of an institution specialized in safety examinations is revoked or it is ordered to suspend business under Article 31 or after a maintenance business operator is deregistered or ordered to suspend business according to a request under Article 31 (2), the institution or maintenance business operator may continue to perform tasks only for the contracts executed for safety inspections or examinations or for performance assessments before such administrative action is taken. In such cases, such institution specialized in safety examinations or maintenance business operator shall notify the details of such administrative action, without delay, to the management authorities with whom it executed a contract for safety inspections or examinations or for performance assessments.
(2) A management authority may terminate a relevant contract within 30 days from the date the management authority receives notice under paragraph (1) or becomes aware of the relevant administrative action.
(3) A person who continues to perform tasks under paragraph (1) shall be deemed an institution specialized in safety examinations or a maintenance business operator regarding such tasks until it completes such tasks.
 Article 34 (Reporting and Inspection)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or a Mayor/Do Governor deems necessary for ascertaining business activities and the status of safety inspections or examinations conducted by an institution specialized in safety examinations or a maintenance business operator, he/she may order the institution specialized in safety examinations or the maintenance business operator to submit a report or relevant materials, as necessary, or may instruct public officials of the Ministry or local government to inspect relevant documents, etc.
(2) To conduct an inspection under paragraph (1), a public official shall notify the inspectee of the inspection plan, including the date and time of the inspection, grounds for the inspection, the subject-matter of the inspection, etc. by seven days prior to the inspection: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where it is necessary to conduct an inspection urgently or it is deemed impossible to accomplish the objectives of the inspection due to destruction of evidence, etc. if prior notice is given.
(3) A public official who conducts an inspection under paragraph (1) shall carry a certificate indicating his/her authority and shall produce it to interested persons.
 Article 35 (Orders to Take Corrective Measures)
If an institution specialized in safety examinations or a maintenance business operator fails to perform safety inspections or examinations, maintenance, or performance assessments, in violation of Article 20 (1) or 42 (1), and is likely to endanger the general public, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the competent Mayor/Do Governor may order the institution or maintenance business operator to take corrective measures within a specified period.
 Article 36 (Management, etc. of Performance Records of Safety Inspections or Examinations or Performance Assessments)
(1) Upon completing a safety inspection or examination or a performance assessment, an institution specialized in safety examinations or a maintenance business operator shall submit records of the findings from such inspection, examination or assessment verified by the relevant management authority, etc. to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport via the head of the following relevant administrative agency:
1. If the management authority is an agency affiliated with a central administrative agency or a public management authority supervised by a central administrative agency: The head of the relevant central administrative agency;
2. If the management authority is any public management authority other than those referred to in subparagraph 1: The competent Mayor/Do Governor;
3. If the management authority is a private management authority: The head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu or the competent Mayor/Do Governor.
(2) Every Mayor/Do Governor shall report the status of administrative actions taken to institutions specialized in safety examinations, such as suspension of business, to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport each year.
(3) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall manage performance records of safety inspections or examinations or performance assessments submitted under paragraph (1) and may issue a certificate of performance of safety inspections or examinations or performance assessments upon request of an institution specialized in safety examinations or a maintenance business operator.
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may disclose the status of institutions specialized in safety examinations and maintenance business operators and the performance records submitted under paragraph (1) to the public to enable the management authorities to select persons competent in conducting safety inspections or examinations or performance assessments.
(5) Matters necessary for submitting performance records, reporting the status of administrative actions, and issuing certificates of performance, the scope of performance records to be disclosed, the methods and procedures for such disclosure, and other related matters, shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 37 (Basis for Calculating Expenses for Safety Inspections or Examinations)
The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall determine and publicly notify the basis for calculating expenses necessary for performing safety inspections or examinations.
 Article 38 (Transfer of Business by Institutions Specialized in Safety Examinations, etc.)
(1) If an institution specialized in safety examinations intends to transfer its business to another person or to merge with another institution, it shall report the transfer or merger to the competent Mayor/Do Governor.
(2) A business transferee or a corporation established during or surviving a merger shall succeed to the status of an institution specialized in safety examinations upon filing a report required under paragraph (1).
(3) Any person who succeeds to the status of an institution specialized in safety examinations under paragraph (2) shall succeed to performance records of that institution specialized in safety examinations under Article 36 (1), as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(4) Paragraphs (1) through (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to inheritance of the business of an institution specialized in safety examinations.
CHAPTER V MAINTENANCE OF ESTABLISHMENTS
 Article 39 (Maintenance of Establishments)
(1) Every management authority shall maintain establishments under its management to preserve their functions and to improve convenience and safety: Provided, That the foregoing shall not to any establishments specified by Presidential Decree maintained pursuant to other statutes.
(2) Any management authority may outsource the maintenance of an establishment to a maintenance business operator or to the person who built the establishment (limited to where the establishment is still within the defect warranty period (referring to the longest defect warrant period, if sections of an establishment have different defect warranty periods)).
(3) Expenses incurred in maintaining an establishment shall be borne by its management authority.
 Article 40 (Assessment of Performance of Establishments)
(1) Any management authority of the establishments specified by Presidential Decree, such as roads, railroads, harbors, and dams, shall assess the performance of the establishment to maintain its performance.
(2) Any management authority referred to in paragraph (1) may outsource a performance assessment to the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation or an institution specialized in safety examinations.
(3) Any person who conducts a performance assessment shall prepare a report on its findings, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and shall notify the management authority of the findings.
(4) A management authority shall submit a report on findings from a performance assessment under paragraph (3) to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. In such cases, Article 6 (4) through (7) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the procedure for submitting such report.
(5) Article 17 (2) and (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the preparation of reports on findings under paragraph (3). In such cases, "safety inspection or full safety examination" shall be construed as "performance assessment."
(6) Any person who completes a performance assessment shall determine the performance rating of the relevant establishment based on findings from the assessment according to the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(7) The timing for conducting performance assessments under paragraph (1), the qualifications for persons conducting such assessments, the methods and procedures for such performance assessments, and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 41 (Reporting, etc. of Results of Maintenance)
(1) After completing the maintenance works specified by Presidential Decree pursuant to Article 39, any management authority shall prepare a report on the results of such work, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and shall submit the report to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. In such cases, Article 6 (4) through (7) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the procedure for submitting such report.
(2) Article 17 (2) and (3) shall apply to the preparation of reports on the results of maintenance works under paragraph (1). In such cases, "safety inspection or full safety examination" shall be construed as "maintenance works."
 Article 42 (Obligations, etc, of Persons Maintaining Establishments or Assessing Performance of Establishments)
(1) Any person who maintains an establishment or assesses the performance of an establishment shall perform such task in good faith according to the methods, procedures, etc. for maintenance or performance assessment prescribed in the guidelines for maintenance and performance assessment under Article 43.
(2) Every management authority shall endeavor to maintain establishments under its management scientifically.
 Article 43 (Guidelines for Maintenance and Performance Assessments)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall establish guidelines for maintenance and performance assessment regarding the methods, procedures, etc. for maintenance and performance assessment of establishments, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and publicly notify the guidelines by publishing it in the Official Gazette.
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall have prior consultation with the heads of related administrative agencies to establish the guidelines under paragraph (1) and may request the heads of the related administrative agencies and the heads of local governments to submit relevant materials, where deemed necessary.
 Article 44 (Basis for Calculating Expenses for Performance Assessments)
The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall determine and publicly notify the basis for calculating expenses necessary for conducting performance assessments.
CHAPTER VI KOREA INFRASTRUCTURE SAFETY CORPORATION
 Article 45 (Incorporation of the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation)
(1) The Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation shall be incorporated for providing services related to the safety and maintenance of establishments and research, development, dissemination, etc. of related technologies.
(2) The Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation shall be a legal entity.
(3) The Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation shall be duly formed when its incorporation is registered with the registry having jurisdiction over its principal place of business.
(4) The Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation may establish branch offices, where necessary, as stipulated in its articles of incorporation.
 Article 46 (Articles of Incorporation)
(1) The articles of incorporation of the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation shall stipulate the matters specified in Article 16 (1) of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions.
(2) The Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation shall prepare articles of incorporation and shall obtain approval thereof from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. The foregoing shall also apply where it intends to amend the approved articles of incorporation.
 Article 47 (Grounds for Disqualification of Executive Officers)
None of the following persons shall be qualified as an executive officer of the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation:
1. A person who is not a Korean national;
2. A person under adult guardianship or limited guardianship;
3. A person declared bankrupt and not yet reinstated;
4. A person in whose case two years have not passed since a sentence of imprisonment without prison labor or heavier punishment imposed upon him/her was completely executed or exempted;
5. A person in whose case two years have not passed since he/she was sentenced to a fine or heavier punishment for a violation of this Act.
 Article 48 (Financial Resources)
(1) Expenses incurred in establishing and operating the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation shall be funded by the following:
1. Contributions from the Government;
2. Contributions and donations from any persons other than the Government (including public enterprises referred to in Article 5 (3) 1 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions);
3. Contributions from mutual aid associations established under the Framework Act on the Construction Industry and the organization specified by Presidential Decree;
4. Loans and borrowings;
5. Other revenues specified by Presidential Decree.
(2) Matters necessary for providing and managing contributions shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 49 (Business Activities)
Business activities of the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation are:
1. To conduct safety inspections, full safety examinations, emergency safety inspections, and performance assessments;
2. To research, develop, teach, and disseminate technologies for safety inspections, full safety examinations, emergency safety inspections, maintenance, and performance assessments of establishments;
3. To develop scientific maintenance systems for establishments;
4. To build an information system for the designing, construction, supervision of construction and maintenance of establishments and to publish and provide data;
5. To provide technical service, including consulting services related to the safety and maintenance of establishments;
6. Training and promotional activities for the safety and maintenance of establishments;
7. To operate support centers for efficiently assisting in the safety and maintenance of establishments;
8. Projects specified as those that the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation may perform under other statutes;
9. Projects related to the safety and maintenance of establishments entrusted by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, in addition to the activities and projects specified in subparagraphs 1 through 8.
 Article 50 (Gratuitous Lending, etc. of State-Owned Property)
The State may lend State-owned property to the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation or permit the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation to use State-owned property free of charge, if necessary for operating the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation.
 Article 51 (Disposal of Profit and Loss)
(1) When a profit accrues to the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation at the settlement of accounts of each business year, the profit shall be appropriated in the following order:
1. Compensating losses brought-forward;
2. Reserving at least 50/100 of the profit to the legal reserve;
3. Reserving a portion of the profit to any reserve other than the legal reserve referred to in subparagraph 2;
4. Depositing the remainder in the National Treasury.
(2) When a loss is incurred by the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation at the settlement of accounts of each business year, the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation shall first compensate such loss with the reserve referred to in paragraph (1) 3 and with the legal reserve referred to in paragraph (1) 2; and the deficiency shall be carried forward to the following business year.
 Article 52 (Guidance and Supervision)
(1) If the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport deems necessary to guide and supervise the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation, the Minister may require the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation to report the business activities specified by Presidential Decree regarding its business activities, accounting, and property, or may instruct public officials of the Ministry to inspect books of account, documents, facilities, and other articles of the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation.
(2) If the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport finds any illegal or unfair conduct or activity during an inspection conducted under paragraph (1), the Minister may order the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation to correct the illegality or unfairness.
 Article 53 (Prohibition on Use of Similar Names)
No person, except the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation, shall use the name “Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation” or similar.
 Article 54 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of the Civil Act)
Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act and the Act on the Management of Public Institutions, the provisions of the Civil Act concerning incorporated foundations shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation.
CHAPTER VII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 55 (Building, Operation, etc. of IAntegrated Information Management System for Establishments)
(1) To systematically manage information about the safety and maintenance of establishments, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall build and operate an integrated information management system for establishments, which includes the following:
1. The master plans and establishment management plans under Articles 5 and 6;
2. Relevant documents, such as design documents and establishment management registers under Article 9;
3. Details of the notice of approval of completion or use of establishments under Article 9 (7);
4. Fact-finding reports on safety inspections and full safety examinations under Article 17;
5. Evaluation of findings from full safety inspections or full safety examinations under Article 18;
6. Details of emergency safety measures, such as restriction on use under Article 23;
7. Repair and reinforcement of establishments under Article 24;
8. Registration of institutions specialized in safety examinations, reporting of changes in registered matters, reporting of temporary closure, resumption, permanent closure of business, revocation of registration, suspension of business, and administrative fines under Article 28, 31 (1), and 67;
9. Suspension of business of maintenance business operators, deregistration of maintenance business operators, orders to take corrective measures, and administrative fines under Article 31 (2), 35, and 67;
10. Performance of safety inspections or examinations or performance assessments under Article 36;
11. Fact-finding reports on performance assessments under Article 40;
12. Reports on results of maintenance under Article 41;
13. Other matters specified by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport relating to the safety and maintenance of establishments.
(2) Matters necessary for building and operating the integrated information management system for establishments referred to in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Every management authority may build and operate an information system to systematically manage information on the safety and maintenance of establishments under its management. In such cases, the information system may be linked to the integrated information management system for establishments referred to in paragraph (1).
 Article 56 (Burden of Expenses)
Expenses incurred in conducting safety inspections or examinations and performance assessments shall be borne by the relevant management authority: Provided, That if a full safety examination is required during the defect warranty period due to a cause for which a constructor is liable, expenses incurred in such examination shall be borne by the constructor.
 Article 57 (Securing Budget for Safety and Maintenance of Establishments)
Every public management authority shall secure a budget necessary for the safety and maintenance of establishments under its management each year, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 58 (Investigations of Accidents, etc.)
(1) Every management authority shall take emergency safety measures, without delay, when an accident occurs at an establishment under its management; a public management authority shall report an accident in a scale equivalent to or greater than the scale prescribed by Presidential Decree to the head of the responsible administrative agency or the competent Mayor/Do Governor and the head of the competent Si/Gun/Gu; and a private management authority shall report an accident to the head of the competent Si/Gun/Gu.
(2) Upon receipt of notice of an accident under paragraph (1), the head of the responsible administrative agency, the competent Mayor/Do Governor or the head of the competent Si/Gun/Gu shall notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of such accident.
(3) Upon receipt of notice of an accident under paragraph (1) or (2), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of a central administrative agency, or the head of a local government may investigate into the causes, etc. of the accident.
(4) If the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport deems it necessary to investigate into an accident that has caused a loss in a scale equivalent to or greater than the scale prescribed by Presidential Decree to an establishment, the Minister may organize and operate a central committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment.
(5) Where the head of a central administrative agency or the head of a local government deems it necessary to investigate into an accident, such as collapsing and destruction, at an establishment of a management authority guided and supervised by the administrative agency or local government, he/she may organize and operate a committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment.
(6) Every management authority shall fully cooperate with the central committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment or a committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment under paragraph (3) or (4) by preserving the scene, submitting materials, providing related equipment, hearing opinions from persons involved, etc., as necessary for the investigation.
(7) When the head of a central administrative agency or the head of a local government completes an investigation into an accident under paragraph (4), he/she shall notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the findings from the investigation, without delay.
(8) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of a central administrative agency, or the head of a local government shall publicly announce the findings from an investigation into an accident, conducted by the central committee for investigating the accident involving an establishment under paragraph (3) or by a committee for investigating the accident involving an establishment under paragraph (4).
(9) Matters necessary for organizing and operating the central committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment or a committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment under paragraph (4) or (5), the details of notice of the investigation into an accident under paragraph (7), the public announcement of findings under paragraph (8), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 59 (Inspection of Actual Status)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of the responsible administrative agency, or the head of a local government may inspect the actual status of the safety and maintenance of establishments.
(2) The head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall inspect the actual status of the safety and maintenance of establishments managed by private management authorities, including ascertaining whether such management authorities perform establishment management plans, at least once a year.
(3) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of the responsible administrative agency, or the head of a local government may advise the head of a related administrative agency, a management authority, or other interested persons to take necessary measures or may request any of them to take corrective measures after conducting an inspection on actual status under paragraph (1). In such cases, a person in receipt of such request shall comply therewith except in special circumstances.
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of the responsible administrative agency or the head of a local government may request the head of a related administrative agency, a management authority, or other interested persons to submit relevant materials, if deemed necessary for inspecting actual status under paragraph (1). In such cases, the person in receipt of such request shall comply therewith except in special circumstances.
(5) If the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of the responsible administrative agency, or the head of a local government deems it necessary to raise the efficiency of an inspection of actual status under paragraph (1), he/she may conduct an on-site investigation jointly with related institutions and experts.
(6) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of the responsible administrative agency, or the head of a local government may publicly announce findings from an inspection of actual status, where necessary.
(7) Matters necessary for conducting inspections of actual status, including the specific scope of the establishments of which the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the head of the responsible administrative agency, or the head of a local government may inspect actual status under paragraph (1), and for publicly announcing findings from such inspections under paragraph (6), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 60 (Delegation or Entrustment of Authority)
(1) The authority of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport provided for in this Act may be partially delegated to each Mayor/Do Governor or the head of an agency affiliated with the Ministry, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The following authority of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport provided for in this Act may be entrusted to the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation or other institution having personnel and equipment necessary for performing the entrusted affairs specified by Presidential Decree, as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. Reviewing findings from seismic performance assessments of establishments and advising seismic reinforcement under Article 12 (4);
2. Evaluating findings from full safety inspections or full safety examinations conducted under Article 18 (1) or (2) and requesting relevant materials necessary for such evaluation;
3. Conducting safety inspections or examinations under Article 19 (1), (2) or (4), giving notice of findings from such inspections or examinations and matters necessary for safety measures, and providing educational programs for safety and maintenance;
4. Managing performance records and issuing certificates of performance under Article 36 (3);
5. Building and operating the integrated information management system for establishments under Article 55.
(3) The institution entrusted with the authority to evaluate findings from full safety inspections or full safety examinations under paragraph (2) 2 shall establish a committee for evaluating full safety inspections or full safety examinations to examine findings from such inspections and examinations to ensure fairness and expertness of its evaluation, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) The institution entrusted with the authority to issue certificates of performance under paragraph (2) 4 may charge the applicant a fee not exceeding actual expenses when issuing a certificate of performance under Article 36 (3).
 Article 61 (Duty of Confidentiality)
Any person who performs a safety inspection, full safety examination, emergency safety inspection, maintenance work, or performance assessment shall neither divulge nor misappropriate confidential information which becomes known to him/her in the course of his/her duties: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport deems necessary for the safety and maintenance of an establishment.
 Article 62 (Legal Fiction as Public Officials for Applying Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be deemed a public official for applying any penalty provision of Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act to such person:
1. An executive officer or employee of the Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation or a person who conducts a safety inspection, full safety examination, emergency safety inspection, maintenance work, or performance assessment;
2. A committee member who is not a public official among the members of the central committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment under Article 58 (4), of a committee for investigating an accident involving an establishment under Article 58 (5), or of a committee for evaluating full safety inspections or full safety examinations under Article 60 (3).
CHAPTER VIII PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 63 (Penalty Provisions)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not less than one year but not more than ten years:
1. A person who endangers the public by conducting a safety inspection under Article 11 (1), a full safety examination under Article 12 (1) or (2), or an emergency safety inspection under Article 13 (1) or failing to conduct such inspection or examination in good faith, thus causing serious damage to an establishment;
2. A person who endangers the public by failing to conduct an emergency safety inspection or take necessary measures as ordered, in violation of Article 13 (2) or (6) without just cause, thus causing serious damage to an establishment;
3. A person who endangers the public by failing to conduct a safety inspection or examination in good faith, in violation of Article 20 (1), thus causing serious damage to an establishment;
4. A person who endangers the public by failing to take safety measures or take safety measures as ordered, in violation of Article 23 (1) or (2), thus causing serious damage to an establishment;
5. A person who endangers the public by failing to take necessary measures, such as repair and reinforcement, or take necessary measures or corrective measures as ordered, in violation of Article 24 (1) or (2), thus causing serious damage to an establishment;
6. A person who endangers to the public by failing to perform a maintenance work or performance assessment, in violation of Article 42 (1), thus causing serious damage to an establishment.
(2) Any person who causes another person to be killed or injured by committing a crime specified in paragraph (1) shall be punished by imprisonment for life or imprisonment with prison labor for at least five years.
 Article 64 (Penalty Provisions)
(1) Any person who commits a crime specified in Article 63 (1) by negligence while performing his/her duties shall be punished by imprisonment, with or without prison labor, for not more than five years or by a fine not exceeding fifty million won.
(2) Any person who commits a crime specified in Article 63 (2) by negligence while performing his/her duties shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not more than ten years or by a fine not exceeding one hundred million won.
 Article 65 (Penalty Provisions)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding twenty million won:
1. A person who fails to retain any of the documents referred to in Article 9 (5);
2. A person who prepares a fact-finding report on a safety inspection or full safety examination by copying the fact-finding report on another safety inspection or full safety examination, in violation of Article 17 (2) 1 (including cases to which the aforesaid paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 40 (5) or 41 (2));
3. A person who prepares a false fact-finding report on a safety inspection or full safety examination or false data on which such report is based, in violation of Article 17 (2) 2 (including cases to which the aforesaid paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 40 (5) or 41 (2));
4. A person who fails to take safety measures or comply with an order to take safety measures, in violation of Article 23 (1) or (2);
5. A person (excluding the management authority of any of the establishments referred to in the proviso to Article 6 (1)) who fails to take necessary measures, such as repair and reinforcement, or fails to take necessary measures and comply with an order to take corrective measures, in violation of Article 24 (1) or (2);
6. A person who subcontracts any work, in violation of Article 27 (1);
7. A person who conducts a safety inspection or examination or a performance assessment without be registered as an institution specialized in safety examinations under Article 28 (1);
8. A person who is registered as an institution specialized in safety examinations under Article 28 (1) by fraud or other improper means;
9. A person who lends its name to a third person and a person who borrows a third person's name, in violation of Article 30;
10. A person who conducts a safety inspection or examination or a performance assessment during a period of suspension of business after the person is ordered to suspend business under Article 31;
11. A person who divulges or misappropriates confidential information which becomes known to him/her in the course of his/her duties, in violation of Article 61.
(2) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not more than one year or by a fine not exceeding ten million won:
1. A person refuses, interferes with, or evades an emergency safety inspection conducted under Article 13 (2);
2. A person who fails to submit documents, submits false documents, or refuses, interferes with, or evades an inspection, in violation of Article 27 (6) without just cause;
3. A person who refuses to submit materials or a report or refuses, interferes with, or evades an inspection, in violation of Article 34 except in special circumstances;
4. A person who fails to comply with an order to take corrective measures issued under Article 35;
5. A person who refuses, interferes with, or evades an investigation into an accident conducted under Article 58;
6. A person who refuses, interferes with, or evades an inspection of actual status conducted under Article 59 (1);
7. A person who fails to submit a document without just cause, or submits a false document, in violation of Article 59 (4).
 Article 66 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
(1) If the representative of a corporation or an agent, employee, or other servant of a corporation or an individual commits an offence in violation of Article 63 in connection with the business of the corporation or individual, not only shall such offender be punished accordingly, but the corporation or individual also shall be punished by the fine not exceeding one billion won: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the corporation or individual has not neglected to give due care and to supervise the relevant business to prevent such offence.
(2) If the representative of a corporation or an agent, employee, or other servant of a corporation or an individual commits an offense in violation of Article 64 or 65 in connection with the business of the corporation or individual, not only shall such offender be punished accordingly, but the corporation or individual also shall be punished by the fine specified in the relevant Article: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the corporation or individual has not neglected to give due care and to supervise the relevant business to prevent such offence.
 Article 67 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding twenty million won:
1. A person who fails to conduct a full safety examination, in accordance with Article 12 (1) or (2);
2. A person who fails to conduct an emergency safety inspection in accordance with Article 13 (1).
(2) Any of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding ten million won:
1. A person who fails to conduct a safety inspection in accordance with Article 11 (1) (excluding cases where the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall conduct an inspection in accordance with the proviso to Article 6 (1);
2. A person who fails to conduct a seismic performance assessment in accordance with Article 12 (3);
3. A person who prepares an incomplete fact-finding report on a safety inspection or full safety examination or incomplete data on which such report is based, in violation of Article 17 (2) 2 (including cases to which the aforesaid paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 40 (5) or 41 (2));
4. A person who fails to give notice in accordance with Article 22 (1) or (2);
5. A person who fails to install a danger sign or fails to inform residents that urgent repair and reinforcement works, etc. are required in accordance with Article 25 (1);
6. A person who relocates or defaces a danger sign, in violation of Article 25 (3);
7. A person who fails to conduct a performance assessment in accordance with Article 40 (1).
(3) Any of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding five million won:
1. A person who fails to formulate an establishment management plan or fails to report or submit an establishment management plan in accordance with Article 6 (1), (4) or (5);
2. A person who fails to submit a document in accordance with Article 9 (1), (2) or (4);
3. A person who fails to comply with a request to allow the inspection of documents or issue copies of documents, in violation of Article 10 (3) without just cause;
4. A person who fails to submit a fact-finding report on an emergency safety inspection in accordance with Article 13 (7);
5. A person who fails to forward or submit a fact-finding report on a safety inspection or full safety examination in accordance with Article 17 (1) or (4);
6. A person who fails to retain a fact-finding report on a safety inspection or full safety examination and the data on which such report is based, in violation of Article 17 (2) 3 (including cases to which the aforesaid paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 40 (5) or 41 (2));
7. A person who fails to submit relevant materials necessary for evaluating findings from a full safety inspection or full safety examination in accordance with Article 18 (2) without just cause;
8. A person who fails to give notice of restriction on use, etc., in violation of Article 23 (3);
9. A person who fails to give notice of the results of measures, such as repair and reinforcement, in violation of Article 24 (3);
10. A person who fails to give notice of subcontracting, in violation of Article 27 (2);
11. A person who fails to report a change in accordance with Article 28 (3);
12. A person who fails to report temporary closure, resumption, or permanent closure of business in accordance with Article 28 (5);
13. A person who fails to notify the management authority with whom a contract for conducting an safety inspection or examination or a performance assessment was executed that his/her registration was revoked or the person was ordered to suspend business, in violation of the latter part of Article 33 (1);
14. A person who fails to submit records of findings from a safety inspection or examination or a performance assessment or submits false records of such findings, in violation of Article 36 (1);
15. A person who fails to report a transfer, merger, or inheritance of a business in accordance with Article 38;
16. A person who fails to submit a fact-finding report on a performance assessment in accordance with Article 40 (4);
17. A person who fails to submit a fact-finding report on maintenance in accordance with Article 41 (1);
18. A person who uses the name “Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation” or similar;
19. A person who fails to comply with a request to take corrective measures, in violation of Article 59 (3) without just cause.
(4) Administrative fines provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3) shall be imposed and collected by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, a Mayor/Do Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measure concerning Master Plans for Safety and Maintenance of Establishments)
Master plans formulated pursuant to the former provisions for the safety and maintenance of establishments before this Act enters into force shall be deemed master plans formulated under the amended provisions of Article 5 (1).
Article 3 (Transitional Measure concerning Plans for Safety and Maintenance of Establishments)
Plans formulated pursuant to the former provisions for the safety and maintenance of establishments before this Act enters into force shall be deemed establishment management plans formulated under the amended provisions of Article 6 (1).
Article 4 (Transitional Measure concerning Safety Inspections or Examinations)
Periodic inspections and full inspections conducted pursuant to the former provisions before this Act enters into force shall be deemed periodic safety inspections and full safety inspections conducted under the amended provisions of Article 11; full safety examinations conducted as above shall be deemed full safety examinations conducted under the amended provisions of Article 12; and emergency inspections conducted as above shall be deemed emergency safety inspections conducted under the amended provisions of Article 13.
Article 5 (Transitional Measure concerning Seismic Performance Assessments)
Seismic performance assessments conducted pursuant to the former provisions before this Act enters into force shall be deemed seismic performance assessments conducted under the amended provisions of Article 12 (3).
Article 6 (Transitional Measure concerning Safety Ratings of Establishments)
Safety ratings of the establishments determined pursuant to the former provisions before this Act enters into force shall be deemed safety ratings determined under the amended provisions of Article 16 (1).
Article 7 (Transitional Measure concerning Registration of Institutions Specialized in Safety Examinations)
Institutions registered as specialized in safety examinations pursuant to the former Article 9 (1) before this Act enters into force shall be deemed institutions registered as specialized in safety examinations under the amended provisions of Article 28 (1).
Article 8 (Transitional Measure concerning Grounds for Disqualification of Incompetent Persons, etc.)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of subparagraph 1 of Article 29, a person under adult guardianship or limited guardianship referred to in the aforesaid amended provisions shall be deemed to include a person upon whom the declaration of incompetence or quasi-incompetence remains valid under Article 2 of the Addenda to the partial amendment (Act No. 10429) to the Civil Act.
Article 9 (Transitional Measure concerning Administration Actions, etc.)
Actions taken under the former provisions or other acts done by or regarding an administrative agency before this Act enters into force shall be deemed corresponding actions taken under this Act or acts done by or regarding an administrative agency under this Act.
Article 10 (Transitional Measure concerning Revocation of Registration of Institutions Specialized in Safety Examinations)
The former provisions shall apply to the revocation of registration of an institution specialized in safety examinations or the suspension of business of such institution on the ground of an act done before this Act enters into force.
Article 11 (Transitional Measure concerning Requests to Deregister Maintenance Business Operators or to Suspend Business)
The former provisions shall apply to requests to deregister a maintenance business operator or to suspend business of such business operator on the ground of an act done before this Act enters into force.
Article 12 (Transitional Measure concerning Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation)
The Korea Infrastructure Safety Corporation incorporated pursuant to the former provisions before this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have been incorporated pursuant to the amended provisions of Article 45.
Article 13 (Transitional Measure concerning Penalty Provisions, etc.)
The former penalty provisions and provisions concerning administrative fines shall apply to acts done before this Act enters into force.
Article 14 Omitted.
Article 15 (Relationship to Other Statutes)
A citation of any former provisions by other statutes in force at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed a citation of the relevant provisions of this Act in lieu of such former provisions, if corresponding provisions exist herein.