Law Viewer

Back Home

AVIATION AND RAIL ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION ACT

Act No. 7692, Nov. 8, 2005

Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 9780, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 9781, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 11646, Mar. 22, 2013

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 12653, May 21, 2014

Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016

Act No. 14723, Mar. 21, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the prevention of aviation and railway accidents and to secure safety by establishing the Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board to conduct independent and unbiased investigation into and precisely identify causes of aviation and railway accidents, etc.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
(1) The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No.9780 & 9781, Jun. 9, 2009; Act No. 11646, Mar. 22, 2013; Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016>
1. The term "aviation accident" means an aircraft accident under subparagraph 6 of Article 2 of the Aviation Safety Act, a light aircraft accident under subparagraph 7 of the same Article, and an ultra light flying equipment accident under subparagraph 8 of the same Article;
2. The term "aircraft incident" means an aircraft incident under subparagraph 9 of Article 2 of the Aviation Safety Act;
3. The term "aviation accidents, etc." means aircraft accidents under subparagraph 1 and aircraft incidents under subparagraph 2;
4. and 5. Deleted; <by Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009>
6. The term "railway accident" means an accident that caused human casualties or damage to goods during the operation of railway rolling stock or trains on railways (including urban railways; hereinafter the same shall apply) and which falls under any of the following subparagraphs:
(a) Collision or derailment of trains;
(b) An accident of fire on railway rolling stock or a train which results in interruption of operations;
(c) An accident causing no less than three casualties in relation to the operation of railway rolling stock or a train;
(d) An accident causing no less than 50 million won in property damage in relation to the operation of railway rolling stock or a train.
7. The term "accident investigation" means processes and activities performed by the Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board under Article 4 for the purposes of prevention of aviation and railway accident, etc. including collection and analysis of information, data, etc. relevant to aviation accidents, etc. and railway accidents (hereinafter referred to as "aviation and railway accidents, etc."), identification of causes, and safety recommendations concerning aviation and railway safety, etc.
(2) Except for those terms used in this Act, other terms shall mean as defined in the Aviation Business Act, the Aviation Safety Act, the Airport Facilities Act, and the Railroad Safety Act. <Amended by Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016>
 Article 3 (Scope of Application, etc.)
(1) This Act shall apply to investigation into aviation and railway accidents, etc. falling under any of the following subparagraphs:
1. Aviation and railway accidents, etc. which occur within the territory of the Republic of Korea;
2. Aviation accidents, etc. which occur outside the territory of the Republic of Korea and which are under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Korea in accordance with the Convention on International Civil Aviation.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), this Act shall not apply to investigations into aviation accidents of the aircraft of State agencies, etc. under subparagraph 4 of Article 2 of the Aviation Safety Act, except for cases falling under any of the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009; Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016>
1. Where a person is deceased or missing;
2. Where the aircraft of State agencies, etc. are beyond repair or refurbishment;
3. Where the location of the aircraft of State agencies, etc. is unidentified or access to the aircraft of State agencies, etc. is impossible.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), this Act shall not apply to investigations of aviation accidents of an aircraft under Article 3 of the Aviation Safety Act. <Amended by Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016>
(4) Matters not provided for in this Act with regard to investigations into aviation accidents, etc. shall be implemented in compliance with the standards and practices adopted in the Convention on International Civil Aviation and the Annexes thereto. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11646, Mar. 22, 2013>
CHAPTER II AVIATION AND RAILWAY ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION BOARD
 Article 4 (Establishment of Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board)
(1) The Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board (hereinafter referred to as the "Board") shall be established within the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport in order to conduct investigations into aviation and railway accidents, etc. in an independent manner, for the purpose of identifying their causes and the prevention thereof. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall direct and supervise the Board with respect to general administrative affairs, but shall not be involved in any accident investigation. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 5 (Duties of Board)
The Board shall perform the following duties:
1. Accident investigation;
2. Preparation of, resolution on, and announcement of accident investigation reports under Article 25;
3. Safety recommendations, etc. under Article 26;
4. Surveys and research necessary for investigation of accident;
5. Designation of research and education institutions related to accident investigation;
6. Other matters prescribed by the Convention on International Civil Aviation and the Annex to the Convention concerning investigation of aviation accident.
 Article 6 (Organization of Board)
(1) The Board shall be comprised of not more than 12 members, including one Chairperson, and the number of the members prescribed by Presidential Decree, from among the members, shall become standing members.
(2) The Chairperson and standing members shall be appointed by the President of Republic of Korea, while non-standing members shall be commissioned by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The class of standing members shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 7 (Qualifications of Board Members)
A person eligible for membership shall have aviation and railway-related expertise or experience and fall under any of the following:
1. A person with a minimum of ten years' career after being accredited as a qualified lawyer;
2. A person with a minimum of five years' teaching experience in university as an associate professor or a higher position in the field of aviation and railway or safety management;
3. A person with a minimum of two years' experience in an administrative agency as a senior official in Grade IV or higher position;
4. A person with a doctorate degree and a minimum of ten years' working experience in professional organizations in the aviation, railway, or medical sectors;
5. A person with a minimum of ten years' working experience in an air transport business after obtaining a qualification certificate as an airman, and retiring from the air transport business three years prior to the date of appointment;
6. A person with a minimum of ten years' work experience in railway facilities or railway operating business, and retiring from such business three years prior to the date of appointment or commission;
7. A person with a minimum of ten years' experience in aviation businesses related to aircraft of State agencies, etc. or aircraft used for military, police services, or a customs house.
 Article 8 (Disqualifications of Board Members)
No person who falls under any of the following subparagraphs shall become a Board member: <Amended by Act No. 14723, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. A person under adult guardianship, person under limited guardianship or person who has been declared bankrupt, but has not yet been reinstated;
2. A person who has been sentenced to imprisonment without labor or heavier punishment, and three years have not yet lapsed since the expiration of the term of sentence (including cases where the execution of the sentence is deemed to have been terminated) or since the decision to waive such sentence has been made;
3. A person who is under a grace period after having been sentenced to a suspended sentence of imprisonment without labor or heavier punishment;
4. A person who is disqualified, or whose qualification is suspended according to a court ruling or Acts;
5. A person who operates an air transport business, engages in manufacturing, rebuilding, maintenance, and sales businesses of aircraft, an ultra light flying device, or operates other aviation-related businesses, or an executive or an employee of such person;
6. A person who operates a railway business, manages railway facilities, manufactures, assembles, or imports railway rolling stock, constructs railways, sells railway equipment or devices, or operates other railway-related businesses, or an executive or an employee of such person.
 Article 9 (Status Guarantee of Board Members)
(1) A member of the Board shall execute his/her authority independently during his/her term of office, with respect to his/her duties.
(2) No member of the Board shall be dismissed or discharged from his/her duties against his/her will, except in cases falling under any of the following subparagraphs:
1. Where he/she falls under any of the subparagraphs of Article 8;
2. Where he/she deems unable to perform his/her duties due to mental or physical weakness;
3. Where it becomes improper for him/her to perform duties as a member of the Board due to his/her violation of official obligations under this Act.
 Article 10 (Duties, etc. of Chairperson)
(1) The Chairperson shall represent the Board and exercise overall control over its general affairs.
(2) Where the Chairperson is unable to perform his/her duties for an unavoidable reason, a Board member designated by the Chairperson in advance, a standing member, or an elder among the Board members shall act for him/her.
 Article 11 (Term of Office of Board Members)
The term of office of Board members shall be three years, and Board members may be re-appointed.
 Article 12 (Meetings and Resolutions)
(1) Meetings shall be convened by the Chairperson and the Chairperson shall preside over such meetings.
(2) A resolution of the Board shall require the consent of a majority of all incumbent Board members.
 Article 13 (Committees)
(1) The Board may establish committees in order to effectively deliberate on details of accident investigation.
(2) Any resolution by a committee pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be deemed a resolution by the Board.
(3) Matters necessary for organization and operation of committees shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 14 (Advisors)
Where deemed necessary to seek advice on accident investigation, the Board may appoint an expert having expertise and experience in the fields of aviation and railway as an advisor, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 15 (Restrictions on Engaging in Duties)
(1) The Board shall not have any member deemed to have a close relationship with a person who has caused any aviation and railway accident, etc. participate in meetings related to any aviation and railway accident, etc. in question.
(2) Any Board member falling under paragraph (1), may avoid any Board meeting related to aviation and railway accident, etc. in question.
 Article 16 (Secretariat)
(1) A secretariat shall be established within the Board to administer the general affairs of the Board.
(2) The secretariat shall be comprised of the Secretariat General, accident inspection officers, and other staff members.
(3) The Secretariat General shall handle general affairs of the secretariat by taking orders from the Chairperson.
(4) Matters necessary for organization and operation of the secretariat shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER III INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENT
 Article 17 (Notification of Occurrence of Aviation and Railway Accidents, etc.)
(1) A captain of an airplane, owner of such airplane, etc. under the proviso to Article 62 (5) of the Aviation Safety Act, a railway operator, etc. under Article 61 (1) of the Railroad Safety Act, a person engaging in aviation or railway, and any other related person (hereinafter referred to as "persons, etc. engaging in aviation and railway") who becomes aware of the occurrence of an aviation or railway accident, etc. shall notify the Board of such fact without delay: Provided, That in cases of the aircraft of State agencies, etc. under subparagraph 4 of Article 2 of the Aviation Safety Act, any person engaging in aviation duties relevant thereto shall report to the head of the competent administrative agency, and the head of the competent administrative agency in receipt of such report shall notify the Board thereof. <Amended by Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016>
(2) The scope of persons engaging in aviation or railway and related persons, matters to be included in notification, timing of notification, method, procedure, etc. of notification under paragraph (1) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Board shall not disclose the status of a person who has notified an aviation or railway accident, etc. under paragraph (1) against his/her will.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009]
 Article 18 (Initiation, etc. of Accident Investigation)
The Board shall initiate accident investigation without delay when it is notified of the occurrence of an aviation or railway accident, etc. or becomes aware of such fact under Article 17 (1): Provided, That if necessary for a smooth investigation of an aviation accident, etc. involving a foreign airplane that occurs within the Republic of Korea, the Board may delegate accident investigation to the country to which the airplane belongs or to the Regional Accident Investigation Organization upon consent of or agreement with such country or organization. <Amended by Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009; Act No. 11646, Mar. 22, 2013>
 Article 19 (Execution, etc. of Accident Investigations)
(1) The Board may, if deemed necessary for any accident investigation, allow Board members or the secretariat staff to take any of the following actions: <Amended by Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009>
1. Requesting submission of reports or data related to aviation accidents, etc. to an owner, a manufacturer, or a passenger of an airplane or an ultra light flying device, a person conducting rescue activities at the site of aviation accidents, etc., and other related persons (hereinafter referred to as "persons related to aviation accidents, etc.");
2. Requesting submission of reports or data related to railway accidents to a railway operator, a railway facilities manager, railway workers, a person conducting rescue activities at the site of accidents, and other related persons (hereinafter referred to as "persons related to railway accidents");
3. Inspecting airplanes, railway facilities, railway rolling stock, books, other documents or articles related to aviation and railway accidents, etc. (hereinafter referred to as "related articles") by visiting the accident site and other places deemed necessary;
4. Requesting attendance to persons related to aviation accidents, etc. and persons related to railway accidents (hereinafter referred to as "related persons") and asking them questions;
5. Requesting an owner, holder, or keeper of related articles to preserve and submit such articles or keeping in custody of the articles submitted;
6. Controlling access to an accident site and other places relevant to accidents.
(2) No person requested to preserve related articles under paragraph (1) 5 shall move, alter, nor damage such articles: Provided, That the same shall not apply, where it is deemed to have significant impacts on public interests or there exist urgent reasons, such as lifesaving, etc.
(3) The Board shall lift the custody of the related articles kept under paragraph (1) 5 as earliest as possible when such articles become no longer necessary for investigation of accident.
(4) A person taking action under paragraph (1) shall carry with him/her a means of identification certifying his/her authority and produce it to the people concerned when requested to do so.
 Article 20 (Organization and Operation of Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Team)
(1) The Board may, if deemed necessary for investigation of accident, organize and operate an Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Team consisting of experts in related fields.
(2) Matters necessary for organization and operation of the Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Team shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 21 (Support from Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport)
(1) If deemed necessary to conduct accident investigation, the Board may request the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to provide support necessary for accident investigation, such as investigation of facts, dispatch of relevant public officials, support of goods. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Upon receiving request for support to accident investigation pursuant to paragraph (1), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall provide support necessary for the smooth accident investigation. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) If deemed necessary to support investigation of facts pursuant to paragraph (2), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may have a public official under his/her jurisdiction take actions prescribed in any subparagraph of Article 19 (1). In such cases, Article 19 (4) shall apply mutatis mutandis. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 22 (Cooperation by Relevant Administrative Agencies, etc.)
The Board may request necessary cooperation, such as provision of data and information relevant to aviation and railway accidents, etc. and preservation of related articles to the heads of relevant administrative agencies, the heads of relevant local governments, and the heads of other public or private agencies (hereafter referred to as "heads of relevant agencies") in order to conduct investigations promptly and accurately. In such cases, the heads of relevant agencies shall respond to such requests, unless there exists justifiable reasons to the contrary.
 Article 23 (Test and Medical Examination)
(1) The Board may conduct an autopsy, with relation to investigation of accident, casualties of the accident, conduct a medical examination on surviving crew, etc., and conduct an examination, analysis, test, etc. on components of an airplane, railway rolling stock, etc.
(2) The Board may, if deemed necessary, entrust relevant experts, specialized institutions, etc., with duties, such as autopsy, examination, analysis, test, etc. under paragraph (1).
 Article 24 (Hearing of Opinions of Related Persons, etc.)
(1) The Board shall give related persons involved in aviation and railway accidents, etc. in question an opportunity to state their opinions, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, before finalizing an accident investigation.
(2) The Board may, if deemed necessary for an accident investigation, hear opinions of related persons or experts at a public hearing.
 Article 25 (Preparation, etc. of Accident Investigation Reports)
(1) The Board shall prepare, upon finalizing each accident investigation, an accident investigation report which includes each of the following:
1. Overview;
2. Factual information;
3. Cause analysis;
4. Result of accident investigation;
5. Recommendations and suggestions under Article 26.
(2) The Board shall announce accident investigation reports prepared in accordance with paragraph (1) as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and forward such reports to the heads of relevant agencies.
 Article 26 (Safety Recommendations, etc.)
(1) If deemed necessary as a result of survey and research activities under Article 29 (2) and in the course of, or as a result of, accident investigations, the Board may make safety recommendations or suggestions concerning measures to prevent the recurrence of aviation and railway accidents, etc. to the heads of relevant agencies. <Amended by Act No. 11646, Mar. 22, 2013>
(2) The heads of relevant agencies shall notify the Board of their plans to take actions, and results thereof with respect to safety recommendations or suggestions made by the Board under paragraph (1).
 Article 27 (Resumption of Accident Investigations)
The Board may resume an accident investigation when evidence sufficiently critical to change results of accident investigation is found after the investigation is finalized.
 Article 28 (Prohibition from Disclosing Information)
(1) The Board may not disclose information obtained in the process of an accident investigation, where the disclosure of such information is feared to affect accurate accident investigation in question or in the future, threaten national security, or infringe on privacy. In such cases, the name of a person related to an aviation or railway accident, etc. shall not be disclosed. <Amended by Act No. 11646, Mar. 22, 2013>
(2) The scope of the information that may not be disclosed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 29 (Research, etc. on Accident Investigation)
(1) The Board shall build an information management system to compile, analyze, and distribute data related to domestic and foreign aviation and railway accidents, etc. so that necessary information can be shared.
(2) The Board may conduct survey and research activities to develop accident investigation techniques and prevent potential aviation and railway accidents, etc.
CHAPTER IV SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 30 (Separation from other Procedures)
Investigation of accident shall be separated from and conducted independently from judicial procedures, administrative dispositions, or administrative contestation procedures related to civil or criminal liability.
 Article 31 (Prohibition from Divulging Confidential Information)
Any person who is or was a member, an advisor, or secretariat staff member of the Board, or a person who performs or performed duties of the Board dispatched to or appointed by the Board, shall not divulge any confidential information which comes to his/her knowledge in connection with his/her duties.
 Article 32 (Prohibition from Disadvantageous Treatment)
Any person who makes a statement, testifies, submits data, etc., or provides any reply to the Board under this Act shall not be discharged, transferred, or disciplined, or receive unfair treatment or other disadvantages in relation to his/her status or treatment.
 Article 33 (Operation, etc. of Board)
(1) Matters, etc. necessary for the operation of the Board and accident investigation, but not specifically provided for in this Act, shall be separately determined by the Chairperson.
(2) The Board may disburse an allowance or travel expenses to the Chairperson, Board members, advisors, and related persons who attend Board meetings and make statements, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 34 (Legal Fiction as Public Official in Application of Penalty Provisions)
Members and advisors of the Board, experts in the related fields under Article 20 (1), related experts or executives and employees of relevant agencies under Article 23 (2) who are not public officials are construed as public officials in the application of Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act.
CHAPTER V PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 35 (Offense of Obstructing Accident Investigation)
Any person who falls under any of the following subparagraphs shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding 30 million won:
1. Any person who fails to report or makes a false report on aviation and railway accidents, etc. or rejects or interferes with submission of data without reasonable grounds, in violation of Article 19 (1) 1 and 2;
2. Any person who refuses or interferes with access to accident sites and other places deemed necessary or inspections of related articles, in violation of Article 19 (1) 3;
3. Any person who refuses or interferes with preservation, submission, or custody of the related articles, in violation of Article 19 (1) 5;
4. Any person who fails to preserve the related articles, moves, alters, or damages such articles without reasonable grounds, in violation of Article 19 (2).
 Article 36 (Offense of Divulging Confidential Information)
Any person who divulges confidential information which comes to his/her knowledge in connection with his/her duties in violation of Article 31, shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than two years, by suspension of qualification for not exceeding five years or by a fine up to 20 million won. <Amended by Act No. 12653, May 21, 2014>
 Article 36-2 (Offense of Failing to Notify Occurrence of Accidents)
Any person, etc. engaging in aviation and railway who fails to notify, without reasonable grounds, or notifies falsely even after he/she becomes aware of aviation and railway accidents, etc. have occurred, in violation of the main text of Article 17 (1), shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five million won.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009]
 Article 37 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
If a representative of a corporation or an agent, an employee, or any other employed person of a corporation or an individual commits any violation falling under any provision of Article 35 or 36-2 in connection with affairs of the corporation or the individual, not only shall such an offender be punished accordingly, but the corporation or the individual shall be punished by a fine under the relevant Article: Provided, That the same shall not apply to cases where the corporation or the individual has paid due attention to or diligently supervised the relevant affairs in order to prevent such violation.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009]
 Article 38 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding 10 million won:
1. Any person who avoids or delays submission of data relevant to aviation and railway accidents, etc., without reasonable grounds, in violation of Article 19 (1) 1 and 2;
2. Any person who avoids inspection of related articles relevant to aviation and railway accidents, etc. without any good reason, in violation of Article 19 (1) 3;
3. Any person who refuses to attend or makes a false statement in reply to questions, without reasonable grounds, in violation of Article 19 (1) 4;
4. Any person who avoids or delays submission and custody of related articles, in violation of Article 19 (1) 5;
5. A person who fails to comply with access control, in violation of Article 19 (1) 6;
6. Any person who gives disadvantageous treatment to a person who submits a statement, testimony, or data or provides a reply to the Board in accordance with this Act, including discharge, transfer, disciplinary measures, or unfair treatment from work place, or any other disadvantage related to status or treatment, in violation of Article 32.
(2) Administrative fines for under paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) through (5) Deleted. <By Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009>
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force eight months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the provisions of Article 3 (2) shall enter into force on January 1, 2008.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Establishment, etc. of Board)
(1) The Aviation Accident Investigation Committee and the Railway Accident Investigation Committee respectively established under the previous Aviation Act and the Railroad Safety Act before this Act enters into force shall be deemed the Aviation and Railway Accident Investigation Board established under this Act.
(2) The term of office of any person appointed as a Chairperson and a standing member of the Aviation Accident Investigation Committee and the Railway Accident Investigation Committee under the previous Aviation Act and the Railroad Safety Act at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed to expire on the enforcement date of this Act, notwithstanding the previous provisions.
(3) Any person respectively appointed as a non-standing member of the Aviation Accident Investigation Committee and the Railway Accident Investigation Committee under the previous Aviation Act and the Railroad Safety Act at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed appointed under this Act: Provided, That the term of office shall be the remaining period of the preceding term of office.
(4) A secretariat established in the Aviation Accident Investigation Committee under the preceding Aviation Act and its staff, and accident inspection officers conducting investigation of accident for the Railway Accident Investigation Committee under the previous Railroad Safety Act at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed the secretariat established in the Board under this Act and its staff.
(5) Any act conducted by or against the Aviation Accident Investigation Committee and the Railway Accident Investigation Committee under the previous Aviation Act and the Railroad Safety Act at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed acts by or against the Board under this Act corresponding thereto.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Penalty Provisions, etc.)
The imposition of penalty provisions and administrative fines for any act performed before this Act enters into force shall be governed by the provisions of the previous Aviation Act and the Railroad Safety Act.
Article 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9780, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 9781, Jun. 9, 2009>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of the proviso to Article 37 shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11646, Mar. 22, 2013>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12653, May 21, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14116, Mar. 29, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 55 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14723, Mar. 21, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Grounds for Disqualification of Incompetent Person, etc.)
Notwithstanding amended provisions of subparagraph 1 of Article 8, a person for whom sentence of incompetency or quasi-incompetency remains in effect under Article 2 of Addenda to the Civil Act (No. 10429) as at the time the aforesaid provisions enter into force shall be governed by the previous provisions.