Law Viewer

Back Home

ACT ON THE CONTROL AND AGGRAVATED PUNISHMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL OFFENSES, ETC.

Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011

Amended by Act No. 10893, Jul. 21, 2011

Act No. 10977, Jul. 28, 2011

Act No. 11016, Aug. 4, 2011

Act No. 11790, May 22, 2013

Act No. 11862, jun. 4, 2013

Act No. 11979, Jul. 30, 2013

Act No. 12521, Mar. 24, 2014

Act No. 12738, jun. 3, 2014

Act No. 13603, Dec. 22, 2015

Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017

 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to environmental conservation by providing for matters concerning aggravated punishment for, and the control, prevention, etc. of, any act of polluting or damaging the environment, which causes damage to or degradation of the habitate or natural environment, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act are defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 10893, Jul. 21, 2011; Act No. 10977, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11016, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 11790, May 22, 2013; Act No. 11862, Jun. 4, 2013; Act No. 13603, Dec. 22, 2015; Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
1. The term "pollutant" means any substance described as follows:
(a) Air pollutant as defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Clean Air Conservation Act;
(b) Water pollutant as defined in subparagraph 7 of Article 2 of the Water Environment Conservation Act;
(c) Soil pollutant as defined in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Soil Environment Conservation Act;
(d) Toxic substance as defined in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Toxic Chemicals Control Act;
(e) Sewage as defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Sewerage Act or human excreta as defined in subparagraph 2 of the aforesaid Article, or livestock excreta as defined in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Act on the Management and Use of Livestock Excreta;
(f) Waste as defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Wastes Control Act;
(g) Pesticide as defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Pesticide Control Act and technical concentrate as defined in subparagraph 3 of the same Article;
2. The term "illegal discharge" means any act described as follows (including acts of item (a) or (b) done by a business operator operating an illegal discharge facility under subparagraph 5 (a) or (b)):
(b) An act falling under Article 15 (1) 1 or any subparagraph of Article 38 (1) of the Water Quality and Aquatic Ecosystem Conservation Act or paragraph (2) of the Same Article;
(c) Dumping or burying commercial and industrial waste, in violation of Article 8 (1) or (2) of the Wastes Control Act;
(d) Contaminating natural surroundings by burying, collecting, transporting, storing or treating wastes in a manner that breaches the standards and methods referred to in Article 13 of the Wastes Control Act;
(e) Contaminating natural surroundings by maintaining and managing waste treatment facilities in a manner that breaches the management standards referred to in Article 31 (1) of the Wastes Control Act;
(g) Violating Article 15 (1) 2 or 4 of the Water Environment Conservation Act;
(h) Discharging or leaking harmful chemical substances by managing toxic substances in a manner that breaches the standards for handling harmful chemical substances set under Article 13 of the Chemicals Control Act;
(i) Discharging pollutants in excess of the permissible emission levels set under Article 16 or 29 (3) of the Clean Air Conservation Act;
(j) Discharging pollutants in excess of the standards set under Article 32 of the Water Environment Conservation Act;
(k) Discharging pollutants in excess of the standards set under Article 7 of the Sewerage Act or Article 13 of the Act on the Management and Use of Livestock Excreta;
3. The term "discharge facility" means any facility described as follows:
(a) An air pollutant-emitting facility as defined in subparagraph 11 of Article 2 of the Clean Air Conservation Act;
(b) A wastewater discharge facility as defined in subparagraph 10 of Article 2 of the Water Environment Conservation Act or a wastewater non-discharge facility as defined in subparagraph 11 of the same Article;
(c) A waste treatment facility as defined in subparagraph 8 of Article 2 of the Wastes Control Act;
(d) A discharge facility as defined in subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Act on the Management and Use of Livestock Excreta;
(e) A specific facility subject to the prohibition of soil contamination as defined in subparagraph 4 of Article 2 of the Soil Environment Conservation Act;
4. The term "business" means any business described as follows:
(a) Wastewater treatment business under Article 62 (1) of the Water Environment Conservation Act;
(b) Manufacturing, importation, or sale under the proviso to Article 18 (1) of the Toxic Chemicals Control Act, or business falling under any subparagraph of Article 27 of the same Act;
(c) Waste disposal business under Article 25 (5) of the Wastes Control Act;
(d) Human excreta collection and transportation business under Article 45 (1) of the Sewerage Act, business of managing private sewage treatment facilities under Article 53 (1) of the same Act, or business related to livestock excreta under Article 28 (2) of the Act on the Management and Use of Livestock Excreta;
(e) Business operating a country club or ski resort under Article 10 (1) 1 of the Installation and Utilization of Sports Facilities Act;
(f) Food service business under Article 36 (1) 3 of the Food Sanitation Act;
(h) Tourist lodging business under Article 3 (1) 2 of the Tourism Promotion Act;
(i) Aggregate extraction business under Article 2 (1) 3 of the Aggregate Extraction Act;
5. The term "illegal discharge facility" means any facility described as follows:
(a) A discharge facility subject to permission or approval or reporting pursuant to an Act mentioned in any item of subparagraph 3, but which discharges pollutants without first obtaining such permission or approval, or filing such report;
(b) A facility which discharges pollutants after permission or approval has been revoked or suspended, or having received a closure order pursuant to an Act mentioned in any item of subparagraph 3;
(c) A building or other facility in which business is conducted without forst obtaining permission or registration, or reporting thereon pursuant to an Act mentioned in any item of subparagraph 4;
(d) A building or other facility in which business is conducted after permission has been revoked or suspended, or having received a closure order pursuant to an Act mentioned in any item of subparagraph 4;
(e) A discharge facility installed in an area where the installation of the discharge facility is prohibited, or a building or other facility in which business is conducted in an area where the business is prohibited;
(f) A facility under Article 31 (1) 2 of the Clean Air Conservation Act, Article 38 (1) 1 or 2, or any subparagraph of paragraph (2) of the same Article of the Water Environment Conservation Act, or Article 17 (1) 1 or 2 of the Act on the Management and Use of Livestock Excreta;
6. The term "business operator" means any person who installs and operates a discharge facility or an illegal discharge facility, or who conducts business;
7. The term "environmental protection area" means any area, region, or island described as follows:
(a) An area requiring special measures designated and officially announced pursuant to Article 38 of the Framework Act on Environmental Policy;
(b) An ecological and scenery conservation area as defined in subparagraph 12 of Article 2 of the Natural Environment Conservation Act, a natural reservation area as defined in subparagraph 13 of the same Article, or a City/Do ecological and scenery conservation area designated and officially announced pursuant to Articles 23 and 24 of the same Act;
(c) Specific islands designated and officially announced pursuant to Article 4 of the Special Act on the Preservation of Ecosystems in Island Areas including Dokdo;
(d) A natural park as defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Natural Parks Act;
(e) A water supply source protection area designated and officially announced pursuant to Article 7 of the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act;
(f) A wetland protection area designated and officially announced pursuant to Article 8 of the Wetlands Conservation Act;
(g) A special wildlife protection area designated pursuant to Article 27 of the Wildlife Protection and Management Act, and a wildlife protection area designated pursuant to Article 33 of the aforesaid Act;
(h) A riparian area designated and officially announced pursuant to Article 4 of the Act on the Improvement of Water Quality and Support for Residents of the Han River Basin;
(i) A riparian area designated and officially announced pursuant to Article 4 of the Act on the Improvement of Water Quality and Support for Residents of the Nakdong River Basin;
(j) A riparian area designated and officially announced pursuant to Article 4 of the Act on the Improvement of Water Quality and Support for Residents of the Geum River Basin;
(k) A riparian area designated and officially announced pursuant to Article 4 of the Act on the Improvement of Water Quality and Support for Residents of the Yeongsan and Seomjin River Basins;
8. The term "environmental law violation" means any act described as follows:
(a) An act falling under any of Articles 3 through 9;
(b) Failing to install facilities or take necessary measures to prevent dust from scattering, in violation of Article 43 (1) of the Clean Air Conservation Act: Provided, That transportation of cement, coal, earth and sand, feed, grains, and powdery scrap metal shall be excluded herefrom;
(c) Dumping, burying, or incinerating municipal solid waste, in violation of Article 8 (1) or (2) of the Wastes Control Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 3 (Aggravated Punishment for Illegal Discharge of Pollutants)
(1) Any person who has inflicted any danger or injury to human life or health by illegally discharging pollutants or posed a risk to potable uses by polluting a water supply source shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for a fixed term of not less than three years but not exceeding 15 years. <Amended by Act No. 13175, Feb. 3, 2015>
(2) Any person who has killed or injured another person by committing an offense described in paragraph (1) shall be punished by life imprisonment with prison labor or imprisonment with prison labor for a fixed term of at least five years.
(3) Any of the following persons who has illegally discharged pollutants or a person falling under subparagraph 3 who has violated Article 15 (1) 4 of the Water Environment Conservation Act shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not less than one year, but not exceeding seven years: <Amended by Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
1. A person who has made land of not less than 300 square meters intended for agriculture, livestock, forestry or horticulture unusable for its intended purpose;
2. A person who has contaminated an ocean, river, lake, marsh, or ground water source in excess of the relevant size and limit prescribed in attached Table 1;
3. A person who has caused death to fish or shellfish en masse in excess of the quantities prescribed in attached Table 2.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 4 (Aggravated Punishment for Contaminating Environmental Protection Area, etc.)
(1) Punishment of any person who has committed an offense under Article 3 (1) through (3) in an environmental protection area may be aggravated by up to half of the corresponding punishment.
(2) Any person who has changed the shape and quality of at least 300 square meters of land in an environmental protection area, in violation of Article 15 (1) 2 of the Natural Environment Conservation Act (including where it is applied mutatis mutandis in Article 22 (2) of the same Act), Article 8 (1) 3 of the Special Act on the Preservation of Ecosystems in Island Areas including Dokdo, Article 23 (1) 3 of the Natural Parks Act (Applicable only in cases of park nature reserves and park natural environmental zones among the park areas), Article 13 (1) 1 of the Conservation of Wetlands Act, or Article 7 (4) 3 of the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act, shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for a fixed term of not less than two years but not exceeding 15 years. <Amended by Act No. 13175, Feb. 3, 2015>
(3) Any person who has destroyed an environmental protection area to the extent that the purpose of creating or designating the environmental protection area could not be attained by illegally discharging pollutants or committing an offense under paragraph (2), shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for a fixed term of not less than five years.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 5 (Criminal Negligence)
(1) Any person who has committed an offense referred to in Article 3 (1) due to occupational or gross negligence shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not more than seven years or a fine not exceeding 100 million won. <Amended by Act No. 13175, Feb. 3, 2015>
(2) Any person who has committed an offense under Article 3 (2) or 4 (3) due to occupational or gross negligence shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not more than 10 years or a fine not exceeding 150 million won. <Amended by Act No. 13175, Feb. 3, 2015>
(3) Any person who has committed an offense under Article 3 (3) due to occupational or gross negligence shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not more than three years or a fine not exceeding 30 million won. <Amended by Act No. 13175, Feb. 3, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 6 (Aggravated Punishment for Capture, etc. of Endangered Wildlife)
Any person who has committed an offense under Article 67, 68 (1) 1 through 3, or 69 (1) 1 of the Wildlife Protection and Management Act for sales shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor set out in the relevant provisions of the aforesaid Act and by a fine equivalent to not less than two times, but not exceeding ten times, the value he/she has acquired or could have acquired as a result of such sales. <Amended by Act No. 10977, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 12521, Mar. 24, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 7 (Aggravated Punishment for Illegal Treatment of Wastes)
If any person who is a constituent member of an organization or a group has committed an offense under Article 63 of the Wastes Control Act for pecuniary gain or profit, he/she shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not less than two years but not exceeding ten years, and by a fine equivalent to not less than two times, but not exceeding ten times, the value he/she has acquired as a result of dumping or burying wastes.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 8 (Aggravation of Repeated Offenses)
Any person who commits an offense under Article 3 (1), 4 (3) or 7 within three years after he/she was sentenced to imprisonment without prison labor or a heavier punishment for an offense under Articles 3 through 5 or Article 7 and the execution thereof was completed or exempted, shall be punished by life imprisonment or imprisonment for a fixed term of not less than 5 years. In such cases, any person who commits an offense under Article 7 shall also be punished by a fine equivalent to not less than two times but not exceeding ten times the value he/she has acquired as a result of dumping or burying wastes.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 9 (Punishment, etc. of Persons who Fail to Comply with Orders)
(1) Any person who has failed to comply with an order (excluding an order for demolition) under Article 13 (1) shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not more than 5 years.
(2) Any person who has failed to comply with an order for demolition under Article 13 (1) or any person who has removed or destroyed a signboard installed pursuant to Article 13 (4) shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for not more than two years or a fine not exceeding 20 million won. <Amended by Act No. 13175, Feb. 3, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 10 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
Where the representative of a corporation, or an agent, employee or other servant of a corporation or an individual commits an offense falling under any of Articles 5 through 7 in connection with affairs of such corporation or individual, not only shall such offender be punished, but the corporation or the individual also shall be punished by a fine under the relevant provisions: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention to and supervision over the relevant affairs to prevent such offense.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 11 (Presumption)
Where a business operator illegally discharges pollutants to an extent that inflicts danger or injury (including cases falling under any of the subparagraphs of Article 3 (3); hereinafter the same shall apply in this Article) to human life or health, drinking-water sources, natural ecosystems, etc. (hereinafter referred to as "human life, health, etc."), and pollutants of the same kind cause danger or injury to human life, health, etc. in an area where the illegal discharge of pollutants may cause danger or injury, and a considerable probability exists between the illegal discharge of pollutants and the danger or injury caused, such danger or injury shall be presumed to have been caused by the pollutants discharged illegally by the business operator.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 12 (Penalty Surcharges)
(1) The Minister of Environment shall impose on a business operator who has illegally discharged (limited to those acts described under subparagraph 2 (a) through (h) of Article 2; hereinafter the same shall apply in this Article) pollutants prescribed by Presidential Decree (hereinafter referred to as "specific pollutants") an amount equivalent to not less than two times, but not exceeding ten times, the profits gained from the illegal discharge (referring to the specific pollutants treatment costs, the amount of which has not been incurred by illegally discharging specific pollutants for a period from the time the specific pollutants are discharged until the time the illegal discharge of specific pollutants is discovered; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) and other expenses incurred in clearing the specific pollutants and reinstatement (hereinafter referred to as "clean-up costs") as a penalty surcharge, and collect such amount from the said person.
(2) When the Minister of Environment calculates the profits gained from the illegal discharge under paragraph (1), he/she shall presume that the business operator has illegally discharged specific pollutants for a period from the time he/she installs and operates an illegal discharge facility until the time his/her illegal discharge is discovered unless there is a compelling reason not to do so.
(3) Where discharge dues under Article 41 of the Water Environment Conservation Act or Article 35 of the Clean Air Conservation Act have already been imposed as at the time a penalty surcharge under paragraph (1) is imposed, the amount of discharge dues for the period from the time of illegal discharge until the time illegal discharge is discovered shall be deducted from the penalty surcharge. <Amended by Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
(4) Paragraph (1) shall not apply where a fine under Article 7 is concurrently imposed for the same act: Provided, That this shall not apply with regard to clean-up costs.
(5) A penalty surcharge under paragraph (1) shall be computed in consideration of the number of times of offenses committed, kinds of specific pollutants, periods of illegal discharge, etc., and the specific methods of computation and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(6) Where a person on whom a penalty surcharge is imposed pursuant to paragraph (1) fails to pay such penalty surcharge by the payment deadline, the Minister of Environment shall collect such penalty surcharge in the same manner as national taxes in arrears are collected.
(7) A penalty surcharge under paragraph (1) shall be included in the revenue of the special accounts for environmental improvement established under the Framework Act on Environmental Policy. <Amended by Act No. 10893, Jul. 21, 2011>
(8) Where the Minister of Environment delegates his/her authority over the imposition and collection of penalty surcharges to a Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Do Governor, or the Governor of a Special Self-governing Province (hereinafter referred to as the "Mayor/Do Governor") pursuant to Article 19, he/she may partially reimburse the penalty surcharges collected as collection costs, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 13 (Administrative Dispositions, etc.)
(1) The Minister of Environment may order any owner or occupant of an illegal discharge facility to suspend the use of, or disband or close, the relevant facility.
(2) Where an illegal discharge facility falls under any facility used for business specified in subparagraph 4 (f) through (h) of Article 2, paragraph (1) shall apply only where such illegal discharge facility is located in any of the following areas: <Amended by Act No. 11979, Jul. 30, 2013; Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014; Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
1. An environmental protection area;
2. An area within a 500-meter radius from a river (referring to a river as defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the River Act, and a small river as defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Small River Maintenance Act), a lake and marsh (referring to a lake and marsh as defined in subparagraph 14 of Article 2 of the Water Environment Conservation Act), sea (referring to an area outside the coastline under Article 6 (1) 4 of the Act on the Development, Management, etc. of Spacial Information) and the boundary thereof.
(3) Where the owner or occupant of an illegal discharge facility under paragraph (1) fails to comply with an order to disband such illegal discharge facility, the Minister of Environment may vicariously execute the order, as prescribed by the Administrative Vicarious Execution Act, and collect costs for disbandment from the owner or occupant.
(4) Where the Minister of Environment issues an order to disband an illegal discharge facility pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall install a signboard prescribed by Presidential Decree at the relevant illegal discharge facility or business place.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 14 (Succession of Effect of Administrative Dispositions)
Where a business operator transfers an illegal discharge facility or dies, or a business operator who is a corporation merges with another corporation, the effect of an administrative disposition issued against the former business operator pursuant to Article 13 shall be succeeded by the transferee, inheritor, or corporation surviving the merger or corporation newly incorporated in the course of the merger.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 15 (Prizes)
Any person who has reported an environmental law violation to an investigative agency, the Minister of Environment, the head of a local environment agency, a Mayor/Do Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (referring to the head of an autonomous Gu) before such act is discovered, may be paid a reward, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11790, May 22, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 15-2 (Environmental Investigators)
(1) The Ministry of Environment and its affiliated agencies shall have environmental investigators to control and prevent environmental law violations.
(2) Where necessary to control and prevent environmental law violations, an environmental investigator may request the heads of local governments to provide data. In such cases, the heads of the local governments shall submit the data unless there is a compelling reason not to do so.
(3) Environmental investigators under paragraph (1) shall be appointed from among public officials engaged in environmental investigation in the Ministry of Environment and its affiliated agencies, and matters concerning qualifications for, the appointment and dismissal of, and the scope of duties of environmental investigators, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Where necessary to restrict and prevent environmental law violations, environmental investigators may have access to facilities, places of business, etc. to conduct investigations. In such cases, public officials who have access to such facilities, places of business, etc. to conduct investigations shall carry a certificate verifying their authority and produce it to the relevant institution. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11790, May 22, 2013>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 15-3 (Environmental Investigative Organization)
The State may establish and operate an environmental investigative organization consisting of public officials from the relevant administrative agencies and local governments to restrict and prevent environmental law violations.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 16 (Access to Places of Business, etc.)
(1) The Minister of Environment may authorize competent public officials to access any illegal discharge facility, place of business, etc. to collect pollutants or inspect relevant documents, facilities, equipment, etc. to impose penalty surcharges under Article 12 or to take administrative dispositions under Article 13.
(2) Where the Minister of Environment collects pollutants pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she may request a testing agency prescribed by Presidential Decree to check the pollution level thereof.
(3) Public officials who access illegal discharge facilities, places of business, etc. to conduct inspections pursuant to paragraph (1) shall carry a certificate verifying their authority and produce it to the relevant persons.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 17 (Cooperation from Relevant Agencies)
The Minister of Environment may require the heads of relevant agencies to submit data necessary to take administrative dispositions under this Act. In such cases, the heads of the relevant agencies shall submit such data unless there is a compelling reason not to do so.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 18 (Computerized Data Management)
The Minister of Environment may electronically manage data necessary to restrict and prevent environmental law violations.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
 Article 19 (Delegation of Authority)
The Minister of Environment may delegate part of his/her authority vested under this Act to the Mayors/Do Governors or the heads of local environment agencies, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011]
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2000: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 12 through 16 shall enter into force on the date after the elapse of 6 months from the date this Act is promulgated.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Penalty Provisions)
The application of the penalty provisions to any acts performed prior to the enforcement of this Act shall be dealt with according to the previous provisions.
Article 3 Omitted.
Article 4 (Relations with Other Acts and Subordinate Statues)
When the previous Act on Special Measures for the Punishment of Environment Offenses and its provisions are cited by other Acts and subordinate statutes at the time of enforcing this Act, this Act and or the provisions of this Act corresponding thereto shall be deemed to have been cited in lieu of them respectively.
ADDENDA <Act No. 6368, Jan. 16, 2001>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force ten months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
(2) through (6) Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 6452, Mar. 28, 2001>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2002.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7167, Feb. 9, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 30 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7168, Feb. 9, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7170, Feb. 9, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7291, Dec. 31, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7292, Dec. 31, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso omitted.)
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7297, Dec. 31, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7456, Mar. 31, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7459, Mar. 31, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7643, Jul. 29, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8010, Sep. 27, 2006>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8014, Sep. 27, 2006>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 11 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8338, Apr. 6, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 17 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8343, Apr. 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8370, Apr. 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 20 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8371, Apr. 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8404, Apr. 27, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 14 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8466, May 17, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9313, Dec. 31, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9432, Feb. 6, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9774, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 19 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10031, Feb. 4, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10616, Apr. 28, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
Article 3 (Relationship to other Acts and Subordinate Statutes)
Where the former Act on Special Measures for the Control of Environmental Offenses or any provision thereof is cited by any other Act or subordinate statutes as at the time this Act enters into force, this Act or the corresponding provision thereof shall be deemed cited in lieu of the former Act on Special Measures for the Control of Environmental Offenses or provision thereof, if a provision corresponding thereto exists in this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10893, Jul. 21, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10977, Jul. 28, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 11 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11016, Aug. 4, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That Article 3 (2) of the Addenda shall enter into force on October 29, 2011.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11790, May 22, 2013>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11862, Jun. 4, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2015.
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11979, Jul. 30, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12521, Mar. 24, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13175, Feb. 3, 2015>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13603, Dec. 22, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2017.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of the Acts, which were promulgated before this Act enters into force, but the date on which they are to enter into force, has not arrived yet, among the Acts amended pursuant to Article 6 of the Addenda, shall enter into force on the enforcement dates of such Acts, respectively.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.