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ACT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TAXI TRANSPORTATION BUSINESS

Act No. 12378, Jan. 28, 2014

Amended by Act No. 13492, Aug. 11, 2015

Act No. 13701, Dec. 31, 2015

Act No. 14721, Mar. 21, 2017

 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to promoting the welfare of taxi drivers and enhancing convenience in transport of the people by promoting the healthy development of taxi transportation business by providing for matters relating to developing taxi transportation business.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 14721, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. The term "taxi transportation business" means the following passenger transport services among the area-passenger transport businesses within an area designated under Article 3 (1) 2 of the Passenger Transport Service Act:
(a) Regular taxi transportation business: The business of transporting passengers using motor vehicles prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport under a transport agreement within a service area prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport without determining an operation system;
(b) Privately owned taxi transportation business: The business of transporting passengers by a taxi operator directly driving (excluding cases where there are reasons prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, such as the illness of the taxi operator) a motor vehicle prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport under a transport agreement within a service area prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport without determining an operation system;
2. The term "taxi transportation business license" means a license obtained pursuant to Article 4 (1) of the Passenger Transport Service Act to run taxi transportation business;
3. The term "taxi transportation business entity" means a person who runs taxi transportation business after obtaining a taxi transportation business license;
4. The term "taxi driver" means a person engaged in driving for taxi transportation business after being qualified to drive under Article 24 of the Passenger Transport Service Act;
5. The term "public taxi garage" means a garage provided for taxi transportation business, built by the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Metropolitan City Mayor, the Special Self-Governing City Mayor, the Do Governor, the Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as the "Mayor/Do Governor") or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (referring to the head of an autonomous Gu; hereinafter the same shall apply);
6. The term "common taxi garage" means a garage provided for taxi transportation business, which is jointly built or leased by at least two regular taxi transportation business entities, or by an association under Article 53 of the Passenger Transport Service Act or by the federation of associations under Article 59 of the aforesaid Act.
 Article 3 (Responsibility of State, etc.)
The State and local governments shall formulate and implement policies for developing taxi transportation business and promoting the convenience of the transport of the people.
 Article 4 (Relationship with Other Acts)
(1) This Act shall prevail over other Acts in applying to taxi transportation business.
(2) Except provisions provided by this Act, the Passenger Transport Service Act shall apply to taxi transportation businesses and taxi drivers.
 Article 5 (Taxi Policy Deliberative Committee)
(1) The Taxi Policy Deliberative Committee (hereinafter referred to as the "Committee") shall be established under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to deliberate on matters concerning important policies, etc. on taxi transportation business.
(2) The Committee shall deliberate on the following:
1. Important matters concerning the licensing system for taxi transportation business;
2. Matters concerning the total number of taxis in each service area;
3. Matters concerning the service area adjustment policy;
4. Important matters concerning improvement in working conditions of taxi drivers;
5. Important matters concerning improvements to service quality of taxi transportation business;
6. Matters required by this Act or other Acts to be deliberated on by the Committee;
7. Other important matters concerning taxi transportation business the chairperson submits to the Committee.
(3) The Committee shall be comprised of not more than ten members including one chairperson.
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall appoint members of the Committee from among experts who have extensive knowledge of and experience in taxi transportation business.
(5) Matters expressly provided for otherwise in this Act, necessary matters concerning the composition, operation, etc. of the Committee shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 6 (Formulation of Master Plan for Development of Taxi Transportation Business)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall formulate a five-year master plan for the development of taxi transportation business (hereinafter in this Article referred to as "master plan") every five years after hearing opinions of the heads of relevant central administrative agencies and the Mayors/Do Governors to nurture and support taxi transportation business in a systematic manner and to promote the convenience of the transport of the people.
(2) Each master plan shall include the following:
1. Matters relating to basic direction-setting for policies on taxi transportation business;
2. Matters relating to the circumstances and prospects of taxi transportation business;
3. Matters relating to improving the licensing system for taxi transportation business;
4. Matters relating to controling demand and supply, such as restructuring of taxi transportation business;
5. Matters relating to improving working conditions of taxi drivers;
6. Matters relating to improving competitiveness of taxi transportation business;
7. Matters relating to strengthening management capability of taxi transportation business;
8. Matters relating to improving service quality and the assurance of the safety of taxi transportation business;
9. Other matters relating to nurturing and developing taxi transportation business, which are prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may request the heads of relevant central administrative agencies, the Mayors/Do Governors and taxi transportation business entities to submit data to collect basic data necessary to formulate a master plan. In such cases, the heads of relevant central administrative agencies, the Mayors/Do Governors and taxi transportation business entities shall comply with such request except in extenuating circumstances.
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall finalize a master plan following deliberation by the Committee.
(5) Where it is necessary to modify a master plan for reasons prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, such as unexpected changes in the circumstances of taxi transportation business, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may amend the master plan following deliberation by the Committee: Provided, That where he/she alters any trifling matters prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, he/she may alter such trifling matters without submitting them to the Committee for its deliberation.
(6) Each Mayor/Do Governor shall formulate a five-year action plan after hearing opinions of residents and relevant experts to implement a master plan, and submit such action plan to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(7) Where the Mayor/Do Governor intends to formulate an action plan, he/she shall submit the action plan to a local transport committee under Article 110 of the National Transport System Efficiency Act for deliberation.
(8) Paragraph (5) shall apply mutatis mutandis where the Mayor/Do Governor intends to modify an action plan. In such cases, a "master plan" shall be construed as "action plan", and the "Committee" shall be construed as "local transport committee".
 Article 7 (Financial Support)
(1) Each Special Metropolitan City, Metropolitan City, Special Self-Governing City, Do and Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "City/Do") may subsidize or lend all or some of funds necessary for programs falling under any of the following to taxi transportation business entities for the development of taxi transportation business, as prescribed by municipal ordinance: <Amended by Act No. 13492, Aug. 11, 2015>
1. Restructuring or improving management through a merger, spin-off, spin-off and merger, transfer, acquisition, etc.;
2. Reducing the number of motor vehicles in excess of the total number of taxies in each service area under Article 9;
3. Replacing motor vehicles used for taxi transportation business (hereinafter referred to as "taxis") with eco-friendly motor vehicles (hereinafter referred to as "eco-friendly taxis") under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Act on the Promotion of Development and Distribution of Environment-Friendly Motor Vehicles;
4. Expanding, improving and operating facilities and equipment to improve service quality of taxi transportation business;
5. Other matters for developing of taxi transportation business, which are programs prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(2) The State may provide subsidies to cover all or some of funds falling under any of the following to each City/Do: <Amended by Act No. 13492, Aug. 11, 2015>
1. Funds each City/Do subsidizes taxi transportation business entities pursuant to paragraph (1): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to funds to subsidize the operation of facilities and equipment under paragraph (1) 4;
2. Funds necessary to build a public taxi garage.
 Article 8 (Use, etc. of Subsidies)
(1) No taxi transportation business entity subsidized pursuant to Article 7 shall use such funds for other than the purpose of funds granted.
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or each Mayor/Do Governor shall oversee tax transportation business entities subsidized pursuant to Article 7 so that they may use such funds in an appropriate manner.
(3) Where a taxi transportation business entity receives a subsidy under Article 7 by a fraud or other improper means, or uses such funds for other than the purpose of the funds, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or each Mayor/Do Governor shall require the taxi transportation business entity to return the subsidy.
(4) Where a taxi transportation business entity fails to return a subsidy after receiving an order to return the subsidy under paragraph (3), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall collect the subsidy in the same manner as delinquent national or local taxes.
 Article 9 (Calculation, etc. of Total Number of Taxis in Each Service Area)
(1) Each Mayor/Do Governor shall conduct fact-finding research on the optimal supply of taxis every five years for the healthy development of taxi transportation business, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Each Mayor/Do Governor shall calculate the optimal supply of taxis (hereinafter referred to as "total number of taxis in each service area") in each service area (hereinafter referred to as "service area") prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport in consideration of the results of fact-finding research under paragraph (1) and the following:
1. Percentage of the distance driven with passengers aboard of the total distance driven;
2. Average percentage of taxis that actually provide service out of the total number of taxis owned in each service area;
3. Other matters related to the status of taxi operation and changes in demand for transport using taxis in the future, which are prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Each Mayor/Do Governor who has calculated the total number of taxis in each service area pursuant to paragraph (2) shall report the total number of taxis in each service area, to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(4) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport deems that the total number of taxis in each service area reported by the Mayor/Do Governor pursuant to paragraph (3) does not comply with standards and procedures for calculation under paragraph (9), he/she may request the Mayor/Do Governor to recalculate the total number of taxis in each service area, following deliberation by the Committee.
(5) Where the Mayor/Do Governor is requested to recalculate the total number of taxis in each service area pursuant to paragraph (4), he/she shall comply with such request.
(6) Where a Mayor/Do Governor fails to comply with a request for recalculation under paragraph (5), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall recalculate the total number of taxis in each service area.
(7) Where a Mayor/Do Governor recalculates the total number of taxis in each service area (including where he/she recalculates the total number of taxis in each service area pursuant to paragraph (5)), he/she shall publicly notify the total number thereof in the official bulletin of the relevant City/Do.
(8) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport recalculates the total number of taxis in each service area pursuant to paragraph (6), he/she shall publicly notify the total number thereof in the Official Gazette.
(9) Necessary matters concerning methods and procedures for fact-finding research, standards and procedures for calculation of the total number of taxis in each service area, for reporting the total number of taxis in each service area, the period and procedures for requesting recalculation, and methods of and procedures for recalculation under the provisions of paragraphs (1) through (6) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 10 (Restrictions, etc. on New Taxi Transportation Business License)
(1) Notwithstanding Article 4 of the Passenger Transport Service Act, no person shall obtain a new taxi operator's license in the following service areas: <Amended by Act No. 13701, Dec. 31, 2015>
1. A service area for which the Mayor/Do Governor fails to recalculate the total number of taxis under Article 9 (2);
2. A service area for which the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport requests the Mayor/Do Governor to recalculate the total number of taxis under Article 9 (4);
3. A service area in which the number of taxis is larger than the total number of taxis in that service area publicly notified pursuant to Article 9 (7) or (8): Provided, That where the Mayor/Do Governor achieves the goal of reducing the number of taxis in the relevant service area exceeding the number of taxis to be reduced by year under Article 11, a person may obtain a new taxi transportation business license within such excess, as prescribed by municipal ordinance of the competent local government.
(2) Where a regular taxi transportation business entity intends to amend a business plan pursuant to Article 10 of the Passenger Transport Service Act in the service areas under the subparagraphs of paragraph (1), he/she shall not amend a business plan providing for the increased number of taxis.
 Article 11 (Formulating, Implementing, etc. of Plan to Reduce Number of Taxis)
(1) The Mayor/Do Governor who has jurisdiction over the service area under Article 10 (1) 3 shall formulate and implement a plan for reducing the number of taxis in each service area including the following after hearing opinions of the heads of Sis/Guns under his/her jurisdiction. In such cases, the Mayor/Do Governor and the head of each Si/Gun under his/her jurisdiction shall establish a committee for reducing the number of taxis which is comprised of public officials under his/her jurisdiction, taxi transportation business entity, experts, etc. to deliberate on matters concerning reducing the number of taxis, such as the calculation of compensation for reducing the number of taxis to taxi transportation business entity, as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. The number of taxis oversupplied;
2. The number of taxis to be reduced by year;
3. The level of compensation for reducing the number of taxis;
4. The amount incurred in reducing the number of taxis by year;
5. The amount of funds for reducing the number of taxis by year;
6. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree concerning a plan for reducing the number of taxis.
(2) Privately owned taxi transportation business entity who obtained a license after November 28, 2009 shall be included in persons eligible for compensation for reducing the number of taxis: Provided, That a committee on reducing the number of taxis shall determine specific matters, such as the amount of compensation for reducing the number of taxis.
(3) The following taxi transportation business entities within the service area under Article 10 (1) 3 shall not transfer taxi transportation business other than filing an application for compensation for reducing the number of taxis based on a plan for reducing the number of taxis under paragraph (1): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to cases prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as cases where no plan for reducing the number of taxis under paragraph (1) has been formulated or the objectives of a plan for reducing the number of taxis have been achieved, or where the State or a local government fails to appropriate funds in the budget to compensate for reducing the number of taxis:
1. A regular taxi transportation business entity;
2. A privately owned taxi transportation business entity who obtained a license before November 27, 2009;
3. A privately owned taxi transportation business entity who takes over or inherits a license pursuant to the Passenger Transport Service Act from another privately owned taxi operator under subparagraph 2.
(4) Funding for compensation for reducing the number of taxis shall be as follows. In such cases, taxi operators shall contribute the amounts determined by a committee for reducing the number of taxis:
1. Budget of the State to compensate for reducing the number of taxis;
2. Budget of a local government to compensate for reducing the number of taxis;
3. Contributions from taxi transportation business entities;
4. Other contributions from individuals, organizations and corporations.
(5) Where a taxi transportation business entity fails to pay a contribution under paragraph (4) without any justifiable grounds prescribed by Presidential Decree, the State or a local government may suspend the provision of a subsidy or loan to the taxi transportation business entity.
(6) Matters necessary for to formulate and implement a plan for reducing the number of taxis, such as standards and procedures for formulating a plan for reducing the number of taxis, methods of the calculation of the number of taxis to be reduced, composition of a committee for reducing the number of taxis, procedures for raising funds to compensate for reducing the number of taxis and the management entity thereof, the period to implement compensation for reducing the number of taxis in each service area, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(7) Where it is necessary to pre-verify the method of implementation to effectively implement a plan for reducing the number of taxis under paragraph (1), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may require the Mayor/Do Governor to implement a pilot project after designating an area for the pilot project ex officio or upon the request by the Mayor/Do Governor; and in such cases, he/she may provide necessary support, such as financial, administrative and technical support. Necessary matters concerning the period of the pilot project (to be determined within one year), procedures therefor, etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 12 (Prohibition, etc. against Passing Transport Costs on)
(1) No taxi transportation business entity in the service area prescribed by Presidential Decree shall charge any of the following costs to taxi drivers among costs incurred in purchasing and operating a taxi:
1. Costs incurred in purchasing a taxi (including the costs he/she additionally collects while allocating a new motor vehicle to a taxi driver);
2. The cost of fuel;
3. The cost of car wash;
4. Other costs incurred in purchasing and operating a taxi as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) No taxi transportation business entity shall provide a taxi to a person who is not a taxi driver under his/her jurisdiction (notwithstanding a formal employment contract, including a taxi driver who is not substantially engaged in taxi transport under his/her jurisdiction).
(3) A taxi transportation business entity shall endeavor to prevent taxi drivers from working extended hours so that they may provide safe and convenient services.
(4) The Mayor/Do Governor shall examine at least twice a year whether taxi transportation business entities observe paragraphs (1) and (2), as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and report the details of the examination thereof and the results of measures taken to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 13 (Management of Information on Taxi Operation)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or each Mayor/Do Governor may establish and operate a system that collects and manages information (hereinafter in this Article referred to as "taxi operation information management system") prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport using a tachograph under Article 55 (1) of the Traffic Safety Act and a taximeter under Article 47 (1) of the Motor Vehicle Management Act to efficiently implement taxi policy.
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or each Mayor/Do Governor may collect and use information for establishing and operating the taxi operation information management system.
(3) Data processed by the taxi operation information management system (hereinafter in this Article referred to as "computerized data") may be used in common for public purposes, such as preventing traffic accidents, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(4) Specific matters concerning establishing and operating the taxi operation information management system, persons eligible for common use of computerized data, the scope of such persons, etc. shall be prescribed by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 14 (Tax Reduction or Exemption)
(1) Where a taxi transportation business entity purchases a taxi on the grounds of restrictions on the age of a motor vehicle under Article 84 of the Passenger Transport Service Act, the head of a local government may reduce or exempt acquisition tax pursuant to the Restriction of Special Local Taxation Act.
(2) Where a taxi transportation business entity purchases an eco-friendly taxi, a local government may reduce or exempt acquisition tax pursuant to the Restriction of Special Local Taxation Act.
(3) The State may reduce value-added tax paid by a taxi transportation business entity pursuant to the Restriction of Special Taxation Act.
(4) The State may reduce or exempt individual consumption tax on butane among petroleum gas (including liquefied petroleum gas) supplied to taxis.
 Article 15 (Establishment, etc. of Welfare Fund for Taxi Drivers)
(1) An association of taxi transportation business entities under Article 53 or 59 of the Passenger Transport Service Act may establish a welfare fund for taxi drivers (hereinafter in this Article referred to as the "Fund") for improving, etc. working conditions of taxi drivers.
(2) The Fund shall generate earnings from the following financial resources: <Amended by Act No. 13701, Dec. 31, 2015>
1. Contributions (limited to contributions from individuals, organizations and corporations);
2. Proceeds from operating the Fund;
3. Earnings generated by taxi transportation business entities as part of the earnings generated from selling liquefied-petroleum-gas-fueled motor vehicles pursuant to the proviso to Article 28 of the Safety Control and Business of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Act;
4. Other earnings prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Money of the Fund shall be used for the following purposes:
1. Support for healthcare services, such as physical examinations of taxi drivers;
2. Scholarship programs for children of taxi drivers;
3. Expenses incurred in managing and operating the Fund;
4. Other programs necessary to improve the welfare of taxi drivers, which are prescribed by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or each Mayor/Do Governor shall supervise the Fund so that money of the Fund may be used appropriately.
(5) Matters necessary for the management, operation, supervision, etc. of the Fund shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 16 (Matters, etc. That Should Be Observed by Taxi Drivers)
(1) No taxi driver shall perform acts falling under any of the following:
1. Refusing to transport a passenger or compelling a passenger to alight en route without justifiable grounds;
2. Requesting unreasonable fares or charges;
3. Compelling a passenger to share a taxi with another passenger;
4. Refusing to issue a receipt or to accept credit card payment notwithstanding a passenger's request (limited to where a cash register and a credit card register are installed).
(2) Where a taxi driver violates any of subparagraphs of paragraph (1), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may revoke his/her qualification to drive a taxi under Article 24 (1) 3 of the Passenger Transport Service Act or suspend the effect of his/her qualification within a fixed period not exceeding six months.
(3) Necessary matters concerning standards, procedures, etc. for taking measures under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 17 (Reporting, Inspection, etc.)
(1) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or each Mayor/Do Governor deems it necessary for supervision under Article 8 (2), he/she may request taxi transportation business entities to report matters concerning the details, etc. of the use of subsidies under Article 7 or require them to submit relevant documents.
(2) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or each Mayor/Do Governor deems it necessary to supervise under Article 8 (2), he/she may require public officials under his/her jurisdiction to examine books, documents and other objects of taxi operators, or to ask relevant persons questions.
(3) The relevant public official who conducts examinations or asks questions pursuant to paragraph (2) shall carry an identity card indicating his/her authority and produce it to relevant persons.
 Article 18 (Revocation, etc. of Taxi Transportation Business License)
(1) Where a taxi transportation business entity falls under any of the following, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may revoke the taxi transportation business license, order the suspension of all or part of his/her business within a fixed period not exceeding six months, or require the taxi transportation business entity to amend a business plan providing for the reduced number of taxis, etc.:
1. Where the taxi operator passes the costs under the subparagraphs of Article 12 (1) onto a taxi driver;
2. Where the taxi transportation business entity provides a taxi to a person who is not a taxi driver under his/her jurisdiction, in violation of Article 12 (2);
3. Where a person who drives a taxi on behalf of a privately owned taxi transportation business entity is subjected to punishment under this Act because he/she has violated Article 16 (1), as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the taxi transportation business entity has not neglected to pay considerable attention to and exercise reasonable supervision over the relevant affairs to prevent such violation;
4. Where a taxi driver employed by the taxi transportation business entity, is subjected to punishment under this Act because he/she has violated Article 16 (1): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the taxi transportation business entity has not neglected to pay considerable attention to and exercise reasonable supervision over the relevant affairs to prevent such violation;
5. Where the taxi transportation business entity fails to report or to submit documents under Article 17 (1) at least three times or files a false report or submits false documents;
6. Where the taxi operator refuses, interferes with or evades an examination under Article 17 (2) without justifiable grounds.
(2) Criteria and procedures for imposing punishment under paragraph (1), and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 19 (Hearings)
Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to revoke a qualification to drive a taxi or taxi transportation business license pursuant to Articles 16 (2) and 18 (1), he/she shall hold hearings.
 Article 20 (Delegation of Authority)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may delegate part of his/her authority under Articles 16 (2), 18 and 23 (3) to each Mayor/Do Governor, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Each Mayor/Do Governor may re-delegate part of authority delegated by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport pursuant to paragraph (1) to the head of a Si/Gun/Gu after obtaining approval from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 21 (Entrustment of Affairs)
The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or each Mayor/Do Governor may entrust some of his/her affairs stipulated in Article 13 to the Korea Transportation Safety Authority under the Korea Transportation Safety Authority Act or an institution specializing in transportation prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 22 (Legal Fiction of Public Officials Where Penalty Provisions Are Applied)
Where penalty provisions stipulated in Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act are applied, executive officers and employees of the Korea Transportation Safety Authority under the Korea Transportation Safety Authority Act or an institution specializing in transportation, who engage in affairs entrusted pursuant to Article 21, shall be deemed public officials.
 Article 23 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any person who passes the costs under the subparagraphs of Article 12 (1) onto a taxi driver shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding ten million won.
(2) Any person who falls under any of the following shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding one million won:
1. A person who violates matters to be observed by taxi drivers under Article 16 (1);
2. A person who fails to file a report or submit documents under Article 17 (1), or files a false report or submits false documents;
3. A person who refuses, interferes with or evades an examination under Article 17 (2) without justifiable grounds.
(3) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall impose and collect administrative fines under paragraphs (1) and (2), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That Articles 9 and 11 shall enter into force six months after the date of their promulgation, Articles 12 (1) and 18 (1) 1 shall enter into force on October 1, 2016 for service areas in the Special Metropolitan City and Metropolitan Cities, and on October 1, 2017 for service areas other than service areas in the Special Metropolitan City and Metropolitan Cities.
Article 2 (Applicability to Formulation and Implementation of Plan for Reducing the Number of Taxis)
The provisions of Article 11 (1) through (6) shall apply to areas other than Cities/Dos where pilot projects under Article 11 (7) are implemented three months after the pilot project is completed.
Article 3 (Applicability to Matters That Should Be Observed by Taxi Drivers)
Article 16 (2) shall begin to apply from cases where a taxi driver violates a matter to be observed under the subparagraphs of Article 16 (1) after this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Revocation of Taxi Transportation Business License)
Article 18 shall begin to apply from cases where a taxi transportation business entity commits acts under Article 18 (1) 1 through 3, 5 and 6, or where a taxi driver is subjected to punishment under this Act for violating Article 16 (1) after this Act enters into force.
Article 5 (Applicability to Hearings)
Article 19 shall apply beginning with cases where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the Mayor/Do Governor revokes qualification to drive a taxi or a taxi transportation business license after this Act enters into force.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Calculation of Total Number of Taxis in Each Service Area)
Where the Mayor/Do Governor formulates and publicly announces a transport capacity supply plan pursuant to Article 5 (3) of the Passenger Transport Service Act and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport approves such plan before this Act enters into force, but after the promulgation hereof, he/she shall be deemed to have calculated the total number of taxis under Article 9 (2) of this Act.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13492, Aug. 11, 2015>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13701, Dec. 31, 2015>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 15 (2) 3 and 4 shall enter into force on January 1, 2017.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 14721, Mar. 21, 2017>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.