Law Viewer

Back Home

ENFORCEMENT DECREE OF THE BROADCASTING ACT

Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 6581, Mar. 21, 1973

Amended by Presidential Decree No. 7085, Mar. 9, 1974

Presidential Decree No. 8304, Dec. 14, 1976

Presidential Decree No. 12432, Apr. 19, 1988

Presidential Decree No. 12898, Jan. 3, 1990

Presidential Decree No. 13093, Sep. 3, 1990

Presidential Decree No. 13693, Jul. 3, 1992

Presidential Decree No. 13842, Feb. 20, 1993

Presidential Decree No. 14403, Oct. 15, 1994

Presidential Decree No. 15722, Feb. 28, 1998

Presidential Decree No. 16751, Mar. 13, 2000

Presidential Decree No. 17137, Feb. 24, 2001

Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001

Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002

Presidential Decree No. 17968, Apr. 17, 2003

Presidential Decree No. 17985, May 29, 2003

Presidential Decree No. 18312, Mar. 17, 2004

Presidential Decree No. 18393, May 24, 2004

Presidential Decree No. 18493, Jul. 29, 2004

Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004

Presidential Decree No. 19045, Sep. 14, 2005

Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006

Presidential Decree No. 19806, Dec. 29, 2006

Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007

Presidential Decree No. 20323, Oct. 15, 2007

Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 20896, Jul. 3, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 20947, Jul. 29, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010

Presidential Decree No. 22075, Mar. 15, 2010

Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010

Presidential Decree No. 22550, Dec. 27, 2010

Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23215, Oct. 10, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23223, Oct. 14, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23345, Dec. 2, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23356, Dec. 8, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23488, Jan. 6, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan. 13, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 23644, Feb. 29, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 23885, jun. 27, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 24012, Jul. 31, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 24697, Aug. 27, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 24763, Sep. 26, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 25050, Dec. 30, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 25134, Feb. 5, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25532, Aug. 6, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25579, Aug. 27, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25815, Dec. 3, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25840, Dec. 9, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 26422, Jul. 20, 2015

Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015

Presidential Decree No. 26659, Nov. 20, 2015

Presidential Decree No. 26683, Nov. 30, 2015

Presidential Decree No. 26850, Dec. 31, 2015

Presidential Decree No. 27113, Apr. 28, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27246, jun. 21, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27299, jun. 30, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27323, Jul. 6, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27427, Aug. 2, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27751, Dec. 30, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017

Presidential Decree No. 28281, Sep. 5, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Decree is to prescribe matters delegated by the Broadcasting Act and matters necessary for the enforcement of said Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
 Article 1-2 (Definitions of Terms)
The terms used in this Decree shall be defined as the following: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. The term "terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity" means anyone who has obtained a license pursuant to Article 9 (1) of the Broadcasting Act (hereinafter referred to as the "Act") to run the terrestrial TV broadcasting business airing TV broadcasts (hereinafter referred to as "terrestrial TV broadcasting business");
2. The term "terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity" means anyone who has obtained a license pursuant to Article 9 (1) of the Act to run the terrestrial radio broadcasting business airing radio broadcasts;
3. The term "terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity" means anyone who has obtained a license pursuant to Article 9 (1) of the Act to run the terrestrial broadcasting business airing mobile multimedia broadcasts (hereinafter referred to as "terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business");
4. The term "satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity" means anyone who has obtained a license pursuant to Article 9 (2) of the Act to run the satellite broadcasting business airing mobile multimedia broadcasts (hereinafter referred to as "satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business");
5. The term "general satellite broadcasting business entity" means anyone who has obtained a license pursuant to Article 9 (2) of the Act to run the satellite broadcasting business except the satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business;
6. The term "TV programming provider" means anyone who has his/her business registered or obtains approval for his/her business pursuant to Article 9 (5) of the Act to run the programming providing business airing TV broadcasts (hereinafter referred to as "TV programming provider");
7. The term "radio programming provider" means anyone who has his/her business registered or obtains approval for his/her business pursuant to Article 9 (5) of the Act to run the programming providing business airing radio broadcasts (hereinafter referred to a "radio programming provider");
8. The term "data programming provider" means anyone who has his/her business registered or obtains approval for his/her business pursuant to Article 9 (5) of the Act to run the program providing business conducting datacasting (hereinafter referred to as "data programming provider");
9. The term "terrestrial broadcasting programming provider" means anyone who runs a program providing business to air terrestrial broadcasts using a channel under a broadcasting channel use contract that is concluded with any terrestrial broadcasting business entity;
10. The term "terrestrial mobile multimedia programming provider" means anyone who runs the program providing business airing terrestrial broadcasts using a channel under a broadcasting channel use contract that is concluded with any terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity;
11. The term "satellite mobile multimedia programming provider" means anyone who runs a program providing business airing satellite broadcasts using a channel under a broadcasting channel use contract that is concluded with any satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004]
 Article 1-3 (Supplementary Installations by Satellite Mobile Multimedia Broadcasting Business Entities)
A terrestrial wireless station, which is opened without a studio in order to supplement broadcasts aired by a satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity and to solve problems in a fringe area, shall be deemed a supplementary installation to a satellite wireless station.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004]
 Article 2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015>
 Article 3 (Scope of the Related Parties)
(1) “Persons having a special relationship prescribed by Presidential Decree” in Article 8 (2) of the Act refers to a person who has any of the following relationships with the principal (hereinafter referred to as "related party"): <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
1. Where the principal is an individual, any of the following persons:
(a) The spouse (including anyone who is in a de facto marriage), a relative by blood who is related to the principal within the sixth degree of consanguinity, or a relative by marriage who is related to the principal within the fourth degree of affinity;
(b) The corporation (including any non-corporate association or foundation; hereafter in this Article the same shall apply) and any of its executive officers that the principal makes equity investments or contributions, independently or jointly with, any of the persons referred to in item (a) in excess of 30 percent in or to, or exercises de facto influence over major management matters;
(c) The corporation and any of its executive officers that the principal makes equity investments, or contributions, independently or jointly with, any of the persons referred to in item (a) or (b) in excess of 30 percent in or to, or exercises de facto influence over major management matters;
2. Where the principal is a corporation, any of the following persons or entities:
(a) An executive officer;
(b) An affiliate (referring to the affiliate defined under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act) and any of its executive officers;
(c) An individual who makes equity investments or contributions, independently or jointly with, any of the persons referred to in the items of subparagraph 1 in excess of 30 percent in or to the principal or exercises de facto influence over the principal's major management, and any other individual, corporation, and executive officer that maintain the relationship referred to in any item of subparagraph 1 with the individual;
(d) The corporation and any of its executive officers that the principal makes equity investments or contributions independently or jointly with the person that maintains the relationship referred to in any of items (a) through (c) in excess of 30 percent in or to, or exercises de facto influence over major management matters.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in applying Article 8 (2) of the Act, among the persons referred to in paragraph (1) 1 (b) and (c), and (1) 2 (b) through (d), any person who is not in any of the following relationships with the principal and who is prescribed by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission as not exercising controlling influence on major management affairs of a corporation or decision-making of an individual: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
1. Where the principal is an individual: A former or current employee (referring to an executive officer in cases of a corporation, and a commercial employee and an employee by employment contract in cases of an individual; hereinafter the same shall apply) of the principal;
2. Where the principal is a corporation: Any person who has guarantees of debts or loans, to or from, the principal.
(3) "Executive officer" referred to in paragraph (1) means a director, an auditor, a general partner, or a person who is in any de facto equivalent positions. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004>
(4) "Exercise de facto influence over major management matters" referred to in paragraph (1) means any of the following cases: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Where the principal is authorized to select and appoint the representative of the relevant corporation or at least a majority of its executive officers, independently or under a contract or agreement with any other person;
2. Where the principal conducts transactions in funds, assets, commodities, services, etc. with the relevant corporation in excess of the ordinary scope, offers the guarantee of debts for the relevant corporation or receives the guarantee of debts from the relevant corporation;
3. Cases equivalent to those referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 2 and prescribed by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission through consultation between the Ministry of Science and ICT and the Korea Communications Commission.
(5) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
CHAPTER II BROADCASTING BUSINESS ENTITIES, ETC.
 Article 4 (Scope, etc. of Restrictions on Ownership)
(1) A company that belongs to an enterprise group that shall not concurrently operate a terrestrial broadcasting business and a program providing business engaged in general programming or specialized programming of news reports, or own its stocks or equity shares pursuant to Article 8 (3) of the Act and its affiliates shall be an enterprise that belongs to an enterprise group, the gross amount of assets of which is at least ten trillion won as of the date on which such enterprise group is designated as an enterprise group subject to the limitations on mutual investment, from among the enterprise groups designated as enterprise groups subject to the limitations on mutual investment under Article 14 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act and from among enterprise groups and affiliated companies defined under subparagraphs 2 and 3 of Article 2 of the same Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008>
(2) Any corporation (including related parties) operating a daily newspaper business that intends to own stocks or equity shares of a terrestrial broadcasting business entity or a programming provider engaged in general programming or specialized programming of news reports pursuant to Article 8 (4) of the Act shall submit the following documents for the business year immediately preceding the relevant year in which the corporation intends to own stocks or equity shares, to the Korea Communications Commission: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010>
1. The total number of circulation and pay circulation, which are certified by institutions or organizations designated by the Korea Communications Commission in consultation with the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism, among recognized institutions or organizations specializing in verification and certification of circulation of newspapers. The pay circulation shall be classified into circulation from sales to households, companies and newsstands, respectively;
2. Financial statements and audit reports by accounting auditors (referring to an auditor under Article 3 (1) of the Act on External Audit of Stock Companies, Etc.) on financial statements; hereafter the same shall apply in the paragraph);
3. Consolidated financial statements and an audit report by accounting auditors (limited to corporations that keep records of consolidated financial reports among corporations defined under Article 2 of the Act on External Audit of Stock Companies, Etc.) on consolidated financial statements;
4. Documents deemed necessary and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission to promote transparent management, such as the organizational structure of the board of directors.
(3) Upon receiving documents under paragraph (2), the Korea Communications Commission shall disclose the documents within one month after the Commission became aware of the fact that a corporation running a daily newspaper that has submitted such documents owns stocks or equity shares of a terrestrial broadcasting business entity or a programming provider engaged in general programming or specialized programming of news reports. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
(4) The subscription rate under Article 8 (4) of the Act shall be the percentage taken up by the annual average of household pay subscription of the year immediately preceding the relevant year among the annual average of subscription of a daily newspaper out of the total number of households of the year immediately preceding the relevant business year among the total number of households under estimated statistics for future households which are compiled and announced by statistics agencies under subparagraph 3 of Article 3 of the Statistics Act. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
(5) "In excess of limits prescribed by Presidential Decree" in the main sentence of Article 8 (6) of the Act means: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
1. Where the ratio of the sum of sales proceeds (limited to sales proceeds from the broadcasting business, such as broadcast advertising revenues, those from TV license fees, and those from sales of broadcast programs from among sales proceeds on the settlement of accounts; hereinafter the same shall apply) of a specific broadcasting business entity (excluding a programming provider; hereafter the same shall apply in this subparagraph), and the sales proceeds of a broadcasting business entity, being a related party to such broadcasting business entity, exceeds 33 percent of the aggregate sales proceeds of all broadcasting business entities: Provided, that the foregoing shall not apply to the broadcasting business entities prescribed in each subparagraph of Article 8 (2) of the Act;
2. Where a terrestrial broadcasting business entity owns more than 33 percent of stocks or equity shares of a specific satellite broadcasting business entity;
3. Where a satellite broadcasting business entity owns more than 33 percent of the stocks or equity shares of a specific cable television broadcasting business entity;
4. Where a terrestrial broadcasting business entity owns more than 33 percent of stocks or equity shares of a specific cable television broadcasting business entity;
5. Where a cable television broadcasting business entity owns more than 33 percent of stocks or equity shares of a specific terrestrial broadcasting business entity.
(6) "In excess of limits prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 8 (7) of the Act means: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
1. Where a specific terrestrial broadcasting business entity runs a program providing business in excess of 3/100 (if the number calculated by multiplying the total number of business entities by 3/100 is less than six, it shall be six) of the total number of business entities by a TV programming provider, radio programming provider, or data programming provider (referring to where he/she concurrently runs any other business or owns at least 5/100 of the total stocks or equity shares thereof; hereinafter the same shall apply);
2. Where a specific cable television broadcasting business entity or satellite broadcasting business entity runs a program providing business in excess of 1/5 of the total number of business entities by a TV programming provider, radio programming provider, or data programming provider;
3. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 25134, Feb. 5, 2014>
4. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008>
(7) "In excess of limits prescribed by Presidential Decree" in the main sentence of Article 8 (8) of the Act means: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 25134, Feb. 5, 2014>
1. Where a terrestrial TV Broadcasting business entity or a terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity falls under any of the following cases:
(a) Where he/she owns not less than 7/100 of stocks or equity shares of another terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity or terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity;
(b) Where he/she owns not less 5/100 of stocks or equity shares of another terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity or terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity who owns his/her stocks or equity shares;
(c) Where he/she owns stocks or equity shares of another terrestrial broadcasting business entity (excluding terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities) in excess of 1/10 of the total number of terrestrial broadcasting business entities;
2. Where a terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity or terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity that operates a terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business falls under any of the following cases by broadcasting zones publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission, taking into account administrative districts and broadcasting fields:
(a) Where the terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity or terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity runs a terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business in excess of 1/3 of the total number of terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities in a broadcasting zone, where the number of terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities by broadcasting zones is not less than three but not exceeding six;
(b) Where the terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity or terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity runs a terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business in excess of 1/5 of the total number of terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities in a broadcasting zone, where the number of terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities by broadcasting zones is six or more;
3. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015>
4. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 25134, Feb. 5, 2014>
5. Where a specific satellite broadcasting business entity own more than 33 percent of stocks or equity shares of another satellite broadcasting business entity;
6. Where a specific satellite broadcasting business entity runs at least two satellite broadcasting businesses of other satellite broadcasting business entities.
(8) "In excess of limits prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 8 (9) of the Act means where the ratio of the sum of sales proceeds of a specific broadcasting programming provider and the sales proceeds of a programming provider, being a related party to such programming provider, exceeds 33 percent of the aggregate sales proceeds of all programming providers. In such cases, the sales proceeds of the programming provider engaged in specialized programming of featuring marketing products shall be disregarded for the purpose of calculation. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
(9) The number of programming providers pursuant to paragraph (6) 1 and 2 shall be calculated according to the standards for calculation of the number of program providing businesses referred to in Article 13-3. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
 Article 4-2 (Calculation of Subscribers to Pay Broadcasting Services)
(1) The number of subscribers to a broadcasting business entities referred to in each subparagraph of Article 8 (16) and (17) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “pay broadcasting business entity”) shall be calculated, based on the number of terminal devices (referring to a device transferring the signal transmitted from pay broadcasting business entities to the television receiver; hereinafter the same shall apply), an agreement of providing the broadcasting service through which, has been entered into with the broadcasting business entity, and it shall be calculated, based on the number of terminals (referring to a connecting point to the television receiver, through which the signal transmitted from the pay broadcasting operator is received) an agreement on which has been entered into, if no terminal devices are provided.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the number of terminal devices or terminals, an agreement has been entered into with pay broadcasting business entity to provide broadcasting services for free through which, for the purposes other than their business, such as improving the convenience or welfare of the socially-disadvantaged, shall be excluded from the number of subscribers.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015]
 Article 4-3 (Verification of Subscribers to Pay for Broadcasting Services)
(1) A pay broadcasting business entity shall submit data on the monthly status of the number of subscribers calculated under Article 4-2 to the Minister of Science and ICT within two months from the last day of each month. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT shall verify the number of subscribers in order to ascertain the accuracy of the data submitted under paragraph (1) and determine the number of subscribers. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The verification under paragraph (2) shall be conducted by the methods prescribed and notified by the Minister of Science and ICT, such as paper reviews, on-the-spot inspections, and sample surveys. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) After conducting the verification under paragraphs (2) and (3), the Minister of Science and ICT shall confirm the results of the verification by having such results be deliberated upon by a special council comprised of experts in pay broadcasting and other persons. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) The organization and operation of the special council referred to in paragraph (4) and other necessary matters shall be determined and notified by the Minister of Science and ICT. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(6) The verification under paragraphs (2) through (4) shall be conducted based on the data on the monthly status submitted for a half-year period under paragraph (1) and shall be completed within four months from the end date of each half-year period.
(7) The Minister of Science and ICT shall notify pay broadcasting business entities of the results of verification confirmed under paragraph (4). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(8) A pay broadcasting business entity who has an objection to the results of verification notified under paragraph (7) may file an objection with the Minister of Science and ICT within seven days from receipt of the notification. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(9) The Minister of Science and ICT shall conduct a re-verification if he/she deems that the objection filed under paragraph (8) is well-grounded. In such case, paragraphs (2) through (4) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the methods and procedures for the re-verification. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(10) The re-verification under paragraph (9) shall be conducted on one occasion only, and it shall be completed within one month from the filing date of the objection under paragraph (8).
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015]
 Article 4-4 (Standards for Issuing Corrective Orders to Specific Cable Television Broadcasting Business Entities and Specific Satellite Broadcasting Business Entities)
For the purposes of issuing a corrective order under Article 99 (1) 2 of the Act to a specific cable television broadcasting business entity and a specific satellite broadcasting business entity who has violated Article 8 (16) and (17) of the Act, the verification as to whether it has violated Article 8 (16) and (17) of the Act shall be conducted, based on the number of monthly average subscribers for each half-year period, determined through verifications under Article 4-3.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015]
 Article 5 (License of Broadcasting Business, etc.)
(1) A person who intends to carry out a terrestrial broadcasting business in accordance with Article 9 (1) of the Act, and a person who intends to carry out a satellite broadcasting business, cable television broadcasting business and relay cable broadcasting business in accordance with Article 9 (2) of the Act, shall submit an application for license to the Korea Communications Commission and the Minister of Science and ICT, respectively, accompanied by the following documents: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Documents stating matters on the applicant;
2. Business plans;
3. Plans for installation of facilities;
4. Where any corporation, stocks and equity shares of which are owned by a corporation operating a daily newspaper, applies for license for terrestrial broadcasting business, documents specified in Article 4 (2).
(2) The application for license under paragraph (1) shall comply with the following criteria:
1. License of terrestrial broadcasting business shall be applied for each type of broadcasting;
2. License of satellite broadcasting business shall be applied by each satellite wireless station. In such cases, the procedure of licensing any wireless station opened by any satellite mobile multimedia business entity without installing any studio to rescue difficulties in viewing TV broadcasts and listening to radio broadcasts shall be governed by the Enforcement Decree of the Radio Waves Act;
3. License of cable television broadcasting business and relay cable broadcasting business shall be applied for each broadcasting zone.
(3) The Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission shall, when it has received an application for license under paragraph (1), examine the matters mentioned in the subparagraphs of Article 10 (1) of the Act and matters prescribed by the Acts and subordinate statutes concerning radio waves to decide whether to grant a license within 90 days from the date of receipt, and when it grants a license, deliver a written license to the applicant. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) A person who intends to run a cable television broadcasting business or relay cable broadcasting business shall satisfy the following requirements:
1. Plans for installation of facilities shall conform to the technical standards of cable television broadcasting business or relay cable broadcasting business referred to in Article 79 (1) of the Act;
2. The convenience of receivers and the minimum quality of broadcasting shall be guaranteed;
3. Complying with the Government's policies concerning the development of broadcasting technologies and enhancement of facilities.
(5) Detailed procedures and methods necessary for licensing under paragraphs (1) through (4) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT or the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008]
 Article 6 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 7 (Approval of Cable TV Broadcasting Business to Relay Cable Broadcasting Business Entity)
(1) If a relay cable broadcasting business entity intends to obtain approval for a cable television broadcasting business under Article 9 (3) of the Act, he/she shall submit a written application for approval to the Minister of Science and ICT, along with the plans for facilities conversion by satisfying the following requirements: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Plans for facilities conversion shall conform to the technological standards for a cable television broadcasting business under Article 79 (1) of the Act;
2. The ratio of the number of subscribers to a relay cable broadcasting business entity, occupying among the number of entire households in the cable television broadcasting zone where he/she is located, shall be in excess of the ratio announced publicly by the Minister of Science and ICT in consideration of the scope and characteristics of the relevant business zone.
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT shall, upon receipt of an application for approval under paragraph (1), examine the matters in each subparagraph of paragraph (1) and of Article 10 (1) of the Act, and notify the applicant of the relevant results within 90 days. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Detailed procedures and methods necessary for approval for a cable television broadcasting business shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 7-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008>
 Article 8 (Registration of Program Providing Business)
(1) A person who intends to operate a program providing business under the main sentence of Article 9 (5) of the Act shall submit a written application for registration stating the following matters to the Minister of Science and ICT, along with the programming plans and the business plans: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Name of the business entity;
2. Representative and the person in charge of programming;
3. Paid-in capital and real capital;
4. Fields of supplying broadcast programs;
5. Composition of shareholders and investors who hold not less than five percent of shares issued or equity;
6. Location of the principal office;
7. Location of transmitting facilities under Article 9-2 (1) 2 of the Act.
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT shall, upon receipt of an application for registration under paragraph (1), deliver a certificate of registration to the applicant within 30 days, after undergoing verification of whether the details of application are, in violation of statutes and a confirmation of factual relations. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Detailed procedures and methods necessary for the registration of a program providing business shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 9 (Registration of Electronic Sign Board Broadcasting Business and Cable TV Music Broadcasting Business)
(1) A person who intends to operate an electronic sign board broadcasting business or a cable television music broadcasting business under the main sentence of Article 9 (5) of the Act shall submit to the Minister of Science and ICT a written application for registration stating the following matters: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Name of the business entity;
2. Representative and the person in charge of programming;
3. Business zones;
4. Business objectives and details.
(2) Article 8 (2) and (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the registration of an electronic sign board broadcasting business or a cable television music broadcasting business.
 Article 10 (Approval for Program Providing Business)
(1) A person who intends to operate a business using broadcast channels engaged in general programming or specialized programming of news reporting and a person who intends to operate a business using broadcast channels engaged in specialized programming of product presentation and marketing in accordance with the proviso to Article 9 (5) of the Act, shall submit a written application for approval for a program providing business to the Korea Communications Commission and to the Minister of Science and ICT, respectively, along with the following documents: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Documents stating matters concerning applicants;
2. Business plan;
3. Where any corporation, stocks and equity shares of which are owned by a corporation operating a daily newspaper, applies for approval for a program providing business engaged in general programming or specialized programming of news reports, documents specified in Article 4 (2).
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission shall, upon receipt of an application for approval under paragraph (1), decide whether to grant approval by examining the matters in each subparagraph of Article 10 (1) of the Act, and notify the applicant of the relevant results within 60 days. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Detailed procedures and methods necessary for the approval of a program providing business shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT or the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 11 (Authorization for Satellite Broadcasting Business, etc. Using Satellite of Foreign Country)
(1) A person who intends to engage in satellite broadcast using wireless facilities of a satellite of a foreign country or to use a specific channel of a wireless station on a satellite of a foreign country under Article 9 (6) and (8) of the Act, shall submit a written application for authorization to the Minister of Science and ICT, along with the following documents: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Documents stating the matters on the applicant;
2. Contract for use of wireless facilities or of specific channels of a wireless station on a satellite of a foreign country;
3. Business plans;
4. Plans for installation of facilities.
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT shall, upon receipt of an application for authorization under paragraph (1), examine the matters referred to in each subparagraph of Article 10 (1) of the Act, and notify the applicant of the relevant results within 90 days. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Article 7 (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the authorization of a business of satellite broadcasting using a satellite of a foreign country or a program providing business.
 Article 12 (Registration of Signal Transmission Network Business)
(1) A person who intends to operate a signal transmission network business under Article 9 (10) of the Act shall submit an application for registration stating the following matters, to the Minister of Science and ICT, along with the business plan and the plan to install facilities: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Matters regarding the applicant for registration;
2. Capital;
3. Status of technical personnel;
4. Business zones.
(2) “Registration requirements prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as financial capacity and technical personnel” in Article 9 (10) 1 of the Act means the requirements for financial capacity and technical personnel prescribed in attached Table 1. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015>
(3) Upon receipt of an application for registration under paragraph (1), the Minister of Science and ICT shall issue a certificate of registration to the applicant within 30 days, after verifying whether the details of the application falls under any subparagraph of Article 9 (10) of the Act, and the factual relations. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) A signal transmission network business entity that intends to modify the registered matters shall file for registration of modifications with the Minister of Science and ICT, as prescribed and publicly notified by the Ministry of Science and ICT. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) Detailed procedures and methods necessary for the registration of a signal transmission network business shall be prescribed by a public notice made by the Ministry of Science and ICT. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 13 (Application, etc. for License of Community Radio Broadcasting Business)
(1) A person who intends to operate a community radio broadcasting business under Article 9 (11) of the Act shall submit to the Korea Communications Commission an application for license, which is prepared in the form prescribed by its regulations, accompanied by the following documents:
1. Documents stating the matters on the applicant;
2. Business plans;
3. Plans for installation of facilities.
(2) The Korea Communications Commission shall, in receipt of an application for license pursuant to paragraph (1), examine the matters mentioned in the subparagraphs of Article 10 (1) of the Act and matters prescribed by the statutes concerning radio waves to decide whether to grant a license or not within 90 days from the date of receipt, and when it grants a license, deliver a written license to the applicant.
(3) Detailed procedures and methods necessary for licensing as referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be determined by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission.
[This Article wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008]
 Article 13-2 (Management, etc. by Community Radio Broadcasting Business Entity)
(1) A community radio broadcasting business entity shall broadcast programs in the main broadcast field which he/she has obtained a license for at least 60/100 of the total monthly broadcasting hours of the channel. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014>
(2) The financial resources of a community radio broadcasting business entity shall consist of the following:
1. Contributions;
2. Subsidies from local governments;
3. Broadcast advertising revenues under Article 73 (2) of the Act;
4. Revenues from announcements of sponsors under Article 74 of the Act;
5. Other revenues.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007]
 Article 13-3 (Applicable Criteria, etc. of Capital Requirements for Registration of Program Providing Business)
(1) Where one person runs several program providing businesses in accordance with Article 9-2 (2) of the Act concurrently, the capital requirements referred to in Article 9-2 (1) 1 of the Act shall apply to each of the TV programming providers in cases of a TV programming provider, to each of 15 radio programming providers in cases of a radio programming provider, and to each of three data programming providers in cases of a data programming provider.
(2) The criteria for calculation of the number of TV programming providers, which becomes a criterion for the application of capital requirements referred to in paragraph (1) are as prescribed in the following subparagraphs:
1. Each broadcasting field, such as a TV programming provider, radio programming provider or data programming provider, which is units of the registration application of a program providing business shall be calculated as one program providing business;
2. Where one person broadcasts in the same broadcasting field through several channels in a specific interval of time, it shall be calculated as one program providing business;
3. In cases of a programming provider which provides broadcast programs to enable audiences to view specific broadcast programs of their selection at a specific time, each of the same broadcasting field provided by the same provider shall be calculated as one program providing business.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008]
 Article 13-4 (Approval and Reapproval of Technology-Combined Services)
(1) A person who intends to file an application for approval or reapproval for the provision of technology-combined services pursuant to Article 9-3 (1) or (5) of the Act shall submit an application for approval or reapproval prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT or the Rules of the Korea Communications Commission to the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission in accordance with the classification under the subparagraphs of Article 9-3 (1), together with a plan to provide technology-combined services, including a method of transmitting technology-combined services he/she intends to provide, a plan for the operation of technology-combined services, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Where the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission in receipt of an application for approval or reapproval pursuant to paragraph (1) approves or reapproves technology-combined services under Article 9-3 (1) or (5) of the Act, he/she shall examine the following: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Possibility of realizing public responsibility for and public interest in broadcasting;
2. Effect on the relevant broadcasting business;
3. Appropriateness of methods for providing technology-combined services;
4. Appropriateness of a management plan, such as the organization and the operation of human resources;
5. Financial and technical ability;
6. Support plan for the development of broadcasting;
7. Adequacy of the protection of rights and interests of viewers;
8. Other matters necessary to provide technology-combined services.
(3) Where the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission receives an application for approval or reapproval under paragraph (1), he/she or it shall examine matters under paragraph (2) and notify an applicant of whether he/she or it approves or reapproves such matters, within 60 days from the date he/she or it receives the relevant application. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Where the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission makes an examination under paragraph (2), he/she or it shall openly listen to opinions of viewers and publicly announce whether he/she or it will reflect such opinions in the examination. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016]
 Article 14 (Investment and Contribution by Foreign Capital)
"Ratio prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 14 (1) 3 of the Act means a case where the sum of stocks or equity shares of the relevant corporation owned by a foreign government, a foreign organization or a foreigner corresponds to 50 percent of the total number of stocks or equity shares of the relevant corporation (including cases where a foreign government, a foreign organization or a foreigner is the largest sum investor).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001]
 Article 15 (Modified License, etc.)
"Modification of important facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 15 (1) 7 of the Act means any of the following modifications: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 17968, Apr. 17, 2003>
1. Modification of the main signal transmission devices (including the relocation of the main signal transmission devices in the cases of cable television broadcasting business entity, relay cable broadcasting business entity and cable television music broadcasting business entity) causing an alternation of the broadcasting zone;
2. Modification of operating channels or facilities that have an effect on whether the technological standards under Article 79 (1) of the Act are met.
 Article 15-2 (Approval for Change in Greatest Amount Investor, etc.)
(1) A person who seeks approval under the main sentence, other than each subparagraph, of Article 15-2 (1) of the Act shall apply to the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission for approval within the following applicable periods: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20947, Jul. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24697, Aug. 27, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. If he/she intends to become the largest sum investor (referring to a person who holds the highest percentage of voting stocks or equity shares by adding his/her stocks or equity shares and those of persons specially related to him/her; hereinafter the same shall apply):
(a) In cases of acquisition of stocks or equity shares in over-the-counter transactions under Article 166 of the Financial Investment Services and Capital Markets Act, 30 days after a contract or agreement is made;
(b) In cases of acquisition of stocks in the securities exchange under the Financial Investment Services and Capital Markets Act (including acquisition in multilateral trading facilities), 60 days prior to such acquisition;
2. If he/she intends to gain de-facto control over the management rights:
(a) In cases of paragraph (2) 1 and 2, 30 days after a contract or agreement is made;
(b) In cases of paragraph (2) 3, 30 days after performing any act of causing the exercise of substantial influence on decision-making.
(2) "Cases where a person has gained de-facto control over the management rights" in Article 15-2 (4) of the Act means the following cases:
1. Where a person exercises his/her voting rights equivalent to 50 percent or more (30 percent or more, in cases of terrestrial broadcasting business and program providing business engaged in general programming or specialized in news programs) by contract or agreement with stockholders or equity share holders;
2. Where stockholders or equity shareholders, other than the largest sum investor, agree to jointly exercise their voting rights equivalent to 50 percent or more (30 percent or more, in cases of terrestrial broadcasting business and program providing business engaged in general programming or specialized in news programs);
3. Where a person exercises de-facto influence over decision-making on the appointment or dismissal of the chief executive officer or 1/2 or more of officers or the transfer or takeover of business.
(3) The Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission shall, in cases where he/she or it receives an application for approval under paragraph (1), notify the applicant of the result thereof within 60 days after such receipt: Provided, That he/she or it may, when there is any unavoidable reason, extend the period for such notification by a further period of up to 30 days. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
(5) A cable television broadcasting business entity or relay cable broadcasting business entity in whose case the largest sum investor is approved under the main sentence, other than each subparagraph, of Article 15-2 (1) of the Act shall be reissued a license in accordance with Acts and subordinate statutes related to radio waves. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013>
(6) Any person who intends to file a report under the proviso, other than each subparagraph, of Article 15-2 (1) of the Act shall file such report with the Minister of Science and ICT within a period referred to in any subparagraph of paragraph (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(7) Except as otherwise expressly provided in paragraphs (1) through (6), matters necessary for the procedures for approval and reports shall be provided for by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT or the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007]
 Article 16 (Term of Validity of License and Approval)
(1) The term of validity of license and approval under Article 16 of the Act shall be five years. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
(2) Where the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission, notwithstanding paragraph (1), deems it necessary to protect the rights of audiences, fulfill public responsibilities, realize impartiality and public interests, the Korea Communications Commission may grant license or approval by reducing the period of validity for license and approval by up to two years, in consideration of the outcome of evaluation under Articles 10 and 17 (3) of the Act. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) A person who intends to renew a license under Article 17 (1) of the Act shall apply for renewal of a license to the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission by not later than six months prior to the expiration of the term of validity of a license. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) A person who intends to renew approval under Article 17 (2) of the Act shall apply for renewal of approval to the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission by not later than six months prior to the expiration of the term of validity of the authorization. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) The Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission shall, upon receipt of an application for renewal of a license under paragraph (3), check (hereinafter referred to as "check for granting renewed license") the technologies and facilities by a public notice made by the Ministry of Science and ICT or a public notice made by the Korea Communications Commission in order to maintain the quality of broadcasts and to protect receivers. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(6) Article 5 shall apply mutatis mutandis to procedures for renewal of a license under paragraph (3), and Article 10 to procedures for renewal of approval under paragraph (4). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
 Article 17 (Revocation, etc. of License, Approval, or Registration or Other Measures)
(1) The criteria for revocation of license, approval, or registration, suspension of business, suspension of advertising, and for issuing orders to reduce the valid term of a license and approval under Article 18 (3) of the Act shall be as provided for in attached Table 1-2. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015>
(2) When revoking a license, approval or registration; issuing an order suspending business or advertising, or issuing an order reducing the valid term of a license and approval under paragraph (1), the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission shall given written notice thereof to the relevant broadcasting business entity, relay cable broadcasting business entity, cable television music broadcasting business entity, electronic sign board broadcasting business entity, or signal transmission network business entity. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) When ordering a business entity whose license, approval, or registration has been revoked to continue broadcasting under Article 18 (4) of the Act, the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission shall give written notice of the following matters to the business entity: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. A period for continuing broadcasting;
2. The kind of the broadcasting business to continue and business entity;
3. Other matters to be observed by the business entity in receipt of an order to protect audiences, etc.
(4) Any business entity in receipt of an order under paragraph (3) (hereinafter referred to as “order to extend the period of broadcasting”) shall observe broadcasting-related regulations during the period he/she continues broadcasting, and shall prepare and submit a business plan to continue broadcasting until the date prescribed by the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) A person in receipt of an order to extend broadcasting shall immediately broadcast the full text of the decision made by the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission about the order, and report the results thereof to the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Articles 18 and 19 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007>
CHAPTER III COMMITTEES, ETC.
 Article 20 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 21 (Deliberation on Information Similar to Broadcast)
(1) "Information prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 32 of the Act, means information circulated by a broadcasting business entity, a relay cable broadcasting business entity and an electronic sign board broadcasting business entity through telecommunication circuits, using such a title as "broadcast", "TV" or "radio", and according to a specific programming plan. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011>
(2) When the information prescribed under paragraph (1) is in violation of the rules concerning deliberation on broadcasts under Article 33 of the Act, the Korea Communications Deliberation Committee may recommend a correction thereof to the provider of the relevant information. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 21-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
<This Article is deleted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, January 26, 2010, following a decision on unconstitutionality by the Constitutional Court of Korea rendered on June 26, 2008.>
 Article 21-3 (Composition and Operation of Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee)
(1) Members of the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee (hereinafter referred to as the "Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee") established in the Korea Communications Commission pursuant to Article 35-3 (1) of the Act shall work on a part-time basis.
(2) The Chairperson of the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee shall convene its meetings and preside over the meetings.
(3) Where the Chairperson of the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee is unable to perform his/her duties due to any extenuating circumstances, a person nominated by the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission from among members of the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee shall perform his/her duties on his/her behalf.
(4) The Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee shall hold its meetings when a majority of its incumbent members attend meetings, and pass resolutions when a majority of the members present give approval.
(5) In addition to matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (4), matters necessary for the composition, operation, etc. of the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee shall be prescribed and announced by the Korea Communications Commission.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016]
 Article 21-4 (Duties of Media Diversity Promotion Committee)
Matters necessary to secure diversity of public opinions under Article 35-4 (3) 4 of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010>
1. Determining criteria and methods for converting newspaper subscription rate into audience share;
2. Establishing plans for education on media diversity related to broadcasting;
3. Other matters deemed necessary to promote media diversity and requested by the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission.
[This Article Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010]
 Article 21-5 (Members, Operation, etc. of Media Diversity Promotion Committee)
(1) The Media Diversity Promotion Committee under Article 35-4 of the Act shall be comprised of not less than seven but not more than nine members, including one Chairperson.
(2) The Chairperson of the Media Diversity Promotion Committee shall be appointed by the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission from among members of the Media Diversity Promotion Committee.
(3) Members of the Media Diversity Promotion Committee shall be recommended by the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission, from among any the following persons:
1. Any person who has held a post as a judge, public prosecutor or attorney-at-law for five or more years;
2. Any person who has held a post as a professor of journalism, statistics, public administration or economics at a school under Article 2 of the Higher Education Act for not less than five years;
3. Any person who has served in the areas of broadcasting, newspaper, Internet or advertisement, and with profound knowledge and experience in audience ratings and subscription rate;
4. Other persons who have profound knowledge and experience in promotion of media diversity.
(4) The term of office of members of the Media Diversity Promotion Committee shall be two years, and consecutive appointment is allowed for once only: Provided, That the term of office of a substitute member who fills vacancy shall be the remaining period of his/her predecessor.
(5) Where the Chairperson of the Media Diversity Promotion Committee is unable to perform his/her duties due to extenuating circumstances, a member appointed by the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission shall act as Chairperson on his/her behalf.
(6) Where necessary to review technical matters in relation to performing duties, the Media Diversity Promotion Committee may establish a sub-committee.
(7) Except as otherwise expressly provided in paragraphs (1) through (6), matters necessary for the operation of the Media Diversity Promotion Committee and the organization and operation of a sub-committee and other matters shall be prescribed by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010]
 Article 22 (Matters to be Deliberated by, and Organization and Operation of Broadcasting Market Competition Evaluation Committee)
(1) The Broadcasting Market Competition Evaluation Committee established under Article 35-5 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as the "Evaluation Committee") shall deliberate on the following:
1. Matters regarding analysis and evaluation of the state of competition in broadcasting markets (including Internet multimedia broadcasts; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article);
2. Matters regarding improvement of the systems for establishing an efficient competition structure and creating a fair competition environment in broadcasting markets;
3. Other matters brought to the Evaluation Committee for deliberation by the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission or the chairperson of the Evaluation Committee to formulate policies for ensuring fair competition in broadcasting markets.
(2) Members of the Evaluation Committee shall be commissioned by the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission with the consent of the Korea Communications Commission, from among the following persons: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23644, Feb. 29, 2012>
1. Any person who has at least five years’ work experience as an assistant professor or higher in the department of broadcasting, communications or fair competition of any school prescribed in subparagraphs 1 through 3 of Article 2 of the Higher Education Act;
2. Any person who has at least five years’ work experience as a researcher in the fields of broadcasting, communications or fair competition at authorized research institutes;
3. Any person who has at least five years’ work experience as a judge, public prosecutor or attorney-at-law;
4. Any person who has at least five years’ work experience as an executive director or higher at an organization, etc. related to the media business, including broadcasting and communications;
5. Other persons who have abundant expertise and experience relating to fair competition in broadcasting and communications markets.
(3) The chairperson of the Evaluation Committee shall be appointed by the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission, from among the members of the Evaluation Committee.
(4) The term of office of members shall be two years and may be renewed for only one further term: Provided, That the term of office of a member commissioned for a fixed position, among executive directors referred to in paragraph (2) 4, shall be the period of holding such fixed position.
(5) The chairperson of the Evaluation Committee shall convene a meeting of the Evaluation Committee and take the chair of the meeting.
(6) A meeting of the Evaluation Committee shall be convened by its chairperson, whenever the Chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission or the chairperson of the Evaluation Committee deems it necessary, or upon the request of at least a third of all incumbent members of the Evaluation Committee.
(7) When the chairperson of the Evaluation Committee intends to convene a meeting under paragraph (6), he/she shall notify each member of the date, time, venue, and agenda items of the meeting by no later than three days prior to the opening of such meeting: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where an urgent situation or extenuating circumstances arise.
(8) A resolution at a meeting of the Evaluation Committee shall be passed with a majority of all incumbent members present and the consent of a majority of those present.
(9) Members who attend a meeting of the Evaluation Committee may be reimbursed allowances within budgetary limits.
(10) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in paragraphs (1) through (9), matters to be deliberated on by the Evaluation Committee and matters necessary for organization and operation of the Evaluation Committee shall be stipulated by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission, subject to resolution of the Evaluation Committee.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan, 13, 2012]
 Article 23 (Standards, Procedures, Methods, etc. of Evaluation of State of Competition)
(1) The Evaluation Committee shall, when demarcating a market unit for evaluation of the state of competition, consider each of the following:
1. Supply-side or demand-side substitutability of the relevant service;
2. Limits on offer or geographical boundary of the relevant service;
3. Peculiarities in trade regarding the sale of the relevant service;
4. Characteristics of users of the relevant service.
(2) When the Evaluation Committee conducts an evaluation of the state of competition based on the market unit demarcated under paragraph (1), it shall take overall account of the following matters:
1. Market structure: The number of competing businesses, stock or share ownership by competing businesses, entry barriers, market shares, etc.;
2. Countervailing power of service users: Availability of access to information about the use of the service, availability of any alternative service or change of the service operator, etc.;
3. Market outcomes: Fees by service entities, quality level, profitability, etc.;
4. Business activities of service entities: Fees, quality competition, level of technical innovation, etc.;
5. Other situations in the market units for the broadcasting business and the internet multimedia broadcasting business.
(3) The Evaluation Committee may, if deemed necessary for evaluation of the state of competition, seek opinions from the relevant experts and interested persons.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan, 13, 2012]
 Articles 23-2 and 24 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 22550, Dec. 27, 2010>
 Article 25 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
CHAPTER III-2 (Articles 25-2 and 25-3) Deleted.
CHAPTER IV KOREA BROADCASTING SYSTEM
 Article 26 (Registration of Incorporation)
(1) The registration of incorporation of the Korea Broadcasting System (hereinafter referred to as the "System") under Article 43 (8) of the Act shall be done within two weeks from the date when the first payment of capital occurs.
(2) The following matters shall be registered in the registration of incorporation under paragraph (1):
1. Objectives;
2. Title;
3. Location of the principal office;
4. Capital;
5. Method of investment and its amount paid in;
6. Method of public notice;
7. Name and address of the president;
8. Names and resident registration numbers of the chairperson of the board of directors, directors and auditors.
(3) Where a local broadcasting station is established simultaneously with the incorporation of the System, the matters referred to in each subparagraph of Article 3 of the Act on the Special Cases concerning the Matters to be Filed in the Register of Corporation, Etc., shall be registered at the location of the relevant local broadcasting station within three weeks after the registration of incorporation under paragraph (1) is made. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
 Article 27 (Registration of Establishment of Local Broadcasting Station)
(1) When the System establishes a local broadcasting station after the incorporation of the System, it shall register according to the following classification: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
1. Name and location of the newly established local broadcasting station within two weeks, at the location of the principal office;
2. Matters referred to in each subparagraph of Article 3 of the Act on the Special Cases concerning the Matters to be Filed in the Register of Corporation, Etc. within three weeks at the location of the newly established broadcasting station;
3. Name and location of the local broadcasting station within three weeks, at the location of the already established local broadcasting stations.
(2) When another local broadcasting station is established within an area under the jurisdiction of the office of registry having jurisdiction over the location of its principal office or a local broadcasting station, only the name and location of the relevant local broadcasting station shall be registered.
 Article 28 (Registration of Relocation)
(1) When the principal office of the System is relocated to an area under the jurisdiction of another office of registry, the new location and the date of relocation shall be registered within two weeks at the former location, and the matters referred to in each subparagraph of Article 26 (2) shall be registered within three weeks at the new location.
(2) When a local broadcasting station is relocated to an area under the jurisdiction of another office of registry, the new location and the date of relocation of the relevant local broadcasting station shall be registered within two weeks at the location of the principal office and the former location of the relevant broadcasting station, and the matters referred to in each subparagraph of Article 3 of the Act on the Special Cases concerning the Matters to be Filed in the Register of Corporation, Etc. shall be registered within three weeks at the new location. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
(3) When the principal office or a local broadcasting office is relocated within the jurisdiction of the same office of registry, the new location and the date of relocation shall be registered.
 Article 29 (Modified Registration)
Where there exist any modifications in the matters referred to in each subparagraph of Article 26 (2), the System shall register the relevant modified matters within two weeks at the location of the principal office, and where there exist any modifications in the matters referred to in each subparagraph of Article 3 of the Act on the Special Cases concerning the Matters to be Filed in the Register of Corporation, Etc., it shall register the relevant modified matters within three weeks at the location of the local broadcasting stations. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001]
 Article 30 (Documents Attached to Application for Registration)
A written application for each registration under Articles 26 through 29 shall be accompanied by the following documents:
1. Articles of incorporation and the documents attesting to the amount of investment and the qualifications of officers, in the registration of incorporation under Article 26;
2. Documents attesting to the establishment of a local broadcasting station, in the registration of the establishment of a local broadcasting station under Article 27;
3. Documents attesting to the relocation of the principal office or a local broadcasting station, in the registration of relocation under Article 28;
4. Documents attesting to the relevant modified matters, in the modified registration under Article 29.
 Article 31 (Reckoning of Registration Period)
When there exist any matters for which approval or authorization of the Korea Communications Commission is to be obtained as to the matters to be entered in the register under this Decree, the registration period under Articles 26 through 29 shall be reckoned from the date when the certificate of approval or authorization arrives. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 32 (Matters to be Stated in Articles of Incorporation)
"Matters prescribed Presidential Decree" in Article 45 (1) 13 of the Act means the following matters:
1. Matters concerning the management and disposition of assets;
2. Matters concerning the capital.
 Article 32-2 (Grounds for Disqualification)
A person who served as an advisor or a consultant pursuant to Article 48 (1) 5 of the Act shall be a person who served as an advisor or a consultant belonging to an election-related organization, such as an advisory panel or group, special assistant group, or committee, established under an election campaign office, election campaign liaison office, or election campaign organization under Article 61 of the Public Official Election Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25579, Aug. 27, 2014]
 Article 33 (Evaluation of Management and its Public Announcement)
(1) The board of directors of the System shall, under Article 49 (1) 6 of the Act, conduct each year an evaluation of management which includes the following matters:
1. Evaluation of the validity in setting up the management objectives;
2. Evaluation of the efficiency of executing the budget;
3. Evaluation of the business management system, such as personnel and organization;
4. Evaluation of the management results, such as financial status;
5. Evaluation of the research and development projects;
6. Evaluation of the investments in facilities;
7. Other matters required for the development of the System and the improvement of management.
(2) The board of directors shall organize and operate a management evaluation team in order to conduct the evaluation of management under paragraph (1).
(3) When the management evaluation team has conducted an evaluation of management, it shall report the results thereof to the board of directors, and the board of directors shall publicly announce them within five months after the end of each fiscal year by any of the following methods: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
1. Broadcasting through the System's own broadcasts and posting on the Internet homepage of the System;
2. Providing reports to other broadcasting business entities and daily newspapers.
(4) When the board of directors deems that there are matters requiring improvement as a result of an evaluation of management, it may request the president to take improvement or corrective measures.
 Article 34 (Development of Broadcasting Technologies)
The System shall invest an amount of not less than a specific ratio as determined by the board of directors from among the budget of each year in the research and development of broadcasting technologies, in order to facilitate the projects of survey, research and development related to the broadcasting under Article 54 (1) 10 of the Act.
 Article 35 (Budget and Accounting)
With respect to the budget and accounting of the System, the increase, decrease and changes in assets shall be accounted for on an accrual basis, in order to clarify the business performance and financial status, and the revenues from the TV license fees (hereinafter referred to as "TV license fees") shall be accounted based on the TV license fees collected. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014>
 Article 36 (Revenue Sources)
"Revenues prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 56 of the Act means any of the following:
1. Broadcast advertising revenues;
2. Profits from the sale of broadcast programs;
3. Government subsidies under Article 54 (2) or 61 of the Act;
4. Revenues from sponsors;
5. Revenues through new media, such as satellite broadcasting;
6. Revenues from being entrusted with the signal transmission operations;
7. Bonds or loans;
8. Money carried forward from the preceding year;
9. Other revenues incidental to the broadcasting business.
 Article 37 (Subsidies, etc.)
The relevant statutes, such as the National Finance Act, the Act on the Special Accounts for Treasury Loans, and the Subsidy Management Act, shall govern where the State subsidizes the System to cover some of its expenses, provides a loan from the treasury funds, or accepts the System's bonds pursuant to Articles 54 (2) and 61 of the Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 19806, Dec. 29, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 27113, Apr. 28, 2016>
 Article 37-2 (Statement of Accounts and Accompanying Documents)
“Documents prescribed by Presidential Decree” in Article 59 (2) 2 of the Act means the following documents:
1. A total trial balance;
2. A statement of financial position indicating the settlement of accounts versus the budget, and a statement of profit or loss;
3. An audit report prepared by an accounting firm prescribed in Article 23 of the Certified Public Accountant Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014]
 Article 38 (Registration of TV Sets)
(1) Each person who possesses a television set (hereinafter referred to as a "TV set") shall, under the main sentence of Article 64 of the Act, file a registration of the TV set within 30 days from the date when he/she comes to own the relevant TV set, to the System, to the manufacturer, distributor, importer-distributor of the TV set to whom the duties of registering TV set and of collecting the TV license fees are delegated by the System under Article 67 (2) of the Act, or to a person designated by the System (hereinafter referred to as "distributors, etc.").
(2) Upon receipt of an application for registration of a TV set under paragraph (1), the System or the distributors, etc. shall enter the necessary matters in the TV set registry.
(3) The System or a person designated by the System under Article 67 (2) of the Act to whom the duties of registration and collection are delegated (hereinafter referred to as a "designated person") may recommend a registration to the possessor of a TV set which is not registered under paragraph (1).
 Article 39 (TV Sets Exempt from Registration)
TV sets that are exempt from registration under the proviso to Article 64 of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17137, Feb. 24, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23356, Dec. 8, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26659, Nov. 20, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Black and white TV sets;
2. TV sets manufactured by TV set manufacturers, and not shipped out of the warehouse;
3. TV sets kept or displayed by the TV set distributors or importer-distributors for their business purposes;
4. TV sets in storage under the Customs Act;
5. TV sets kept by persons operating a secondhand shop for their business purposes;
6. TV sets in possession of the foreigners belonging to foreign organizations or foreign troops in Korea or of their families;
7. TV sets installed within the premises of the military or auxiliary police companies;
8. TV sets installed for viewing by the inmates of correctional institutions or of juvenile reformatories;
9. TV sets installed in the offices of broadcasting business entities and relay cable broadcasting business entities;
10. TV sets installed for educational purposes in the classrooms or audio-visual classrooms of the schools defined under Article 2 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and Article 2 of the Higher Education Act;
11. TV sets installed for the infants at day care centers established under the Infant Care Act;
12. TV sets installed at the free social welfare facilities under the Social Welfare Services Act for the inmates and users of the relative facilities;
13. TV sets installed by the State or local governments for official or publicity and educational uses, and not for general viewing;
14. TV sets displayed at exhibitions host by the State or local governments;
15. TV sets in possession of foreigners exempt from taxes and similar public imposts under the treaties or the Acts and subordinate statutes, or their families;
16. TV sets installed on cars, ships or airplanes;
16-2. Personal portable TV sets carried to view while on the move;
17. Other TV sets than the first set where a household is in possession of two or more TV sets in the same exclusively residential household;
18. TV sets installed for leprosy patients in a leper colony;
19. TV sets in areas where electricity offered by an electricity service supplier under the Electric Utility Act is not supplied;
20. TV sets installed in senior citizens' clubs, etc. for their welfare;
21. TV sets designated by the Minister of the Interior and Safety in consultation with the Korea Communications Commission, from among the TV sets subscribing for the antenna facilities for official viewing which are installed and operated for the purpose of national security;
22. Other TV sets designated by the Korea Communications Commission.
 Article 40 (Report on Modification of Registration)
(1) A person who has registered a TV set under Article 38 (hereinafter referred to as "TV set registrant") shall, in cases where he/she modifies the registered matters of TV sets, such as a change of places where the TV set is installed and of the number of sets in possession, report such modified matters within two weeks to the System or the designated persons.
(2) The System or persons designated may, in cases where a TV set registrant has failed to make a report under paragraph (1), verify the relevant fact and enter it on the TV set registry.
(3) A TV set registrant's duty to pay the TV license fee shall not be extinguished by a delay or failure to report the modified matters under paragraph (1): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply when the registration of a TV set is cancelled under Article 41 (3).
 Article 41 (Cancellation of Registration)
(1) Where a registered TV set falls under any of the following cases, the relevant TV set registrant shall apply for a cancellation of registration of the TV set within two weeks to the System or the designated persons:
1. Where the TV set is transferred;
2. Where viewing becomes impossible due to aging or damage;
3. Where continued possession of the TV set is impossible due to a loss or other causes.
(2) A person shall, upon receipt of an application for cancellation under paragraph (1), verify the relevant fact, and cancel a registration of TV sets.
(3) The System or persons designated may, with respect to a TV set whose registrant's whereabouts are not obvious, cancel the relevant registration after its verification.
 Article 42 (Collection of TV License Fees)
(1) The TV license fees shall be collected according to the following standards:
1. With respect to the TV sets installed in an exclusively residential household, a TV license fee for only one TV set per household shall be collected;
2. In cases other than those referred to in subparagraph 1, a TV license fee shall be collected according to the number of TV sets possessed;
3. The TV license fees shall not be collected for the month in which the date of the first TV set is possessed falls;
4. A TV license fee shall not be collected for the month in which the date of cancellation of registration under Article 41 (2) falls;
5. A TV license fee shall not be collected for the month in which the date of rescinding the causes for an exemption from TV license fees under each subparagraph of Article 44 (1) falls, or for the month in which the date of exempting from TV license fees under Article 44 (3) falls.
(2) TV license fees shall be calculated on a monthly basis, and shall be collected on a monthly basis as one payment period: Provided, That it may be collected on a bimonthly basis as one payment period in cases where deemed necessary for the efficient collection of TV license fees.
 Article 43 (Notice to Pay TV License Fees)
(1) The System or person designated shall, in cases where it or he/she intends to collect the TV license fees, forward a notice to pay TV license fees clarifying the following matters in order to have it arrive at the TV set registrant by no later than seven days prior to the payment deadline: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply when the collection is made by a visit:
1. Amount of payment;
2. Month subject to the collection;
3. Payment term;
4. Place of the payment;
5. Any additional charges for a delinquency in the payment of TV license fees under Article 47.
(2) Where a designated person collects a TV license fee, he/she may do so in combination with notification related to the peculiar services of the designated person.
 Article 44 (Exemption from TV License Fees)
(1) Any of the following TV sets is exempt from TV license fees pursuant to the proviso to Article 64 of the Act: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the owner of a TV set referred to in paragraph (1) 1, 2, 2-2, or 8 has installed it in a space for business purposes: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22075, Mar. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23885, Jun. 27, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 26683, Nov. 30, 2015>
1. A TV set owned by recipients of livelihood benefits referred to in Article 7 (1) 1 of the National Basic Living Security Act or recipients of medical benefits referred to in subparagraph 3 of the same paragraph;
2. A TV set owned by patriots, soldiers or police officers wounded in action, soldiers or police officers wounded on active duty, persons wounded in the April 19 Revolution, public officials wounded on active duty, or special contributors provided for in Article 4 (1) 2, 4, 6, 12, 15, or 17 of the Act on the Honorable Treatment of and Support for Persons, etc. of Distinguished Service to the State, from among those registered as persons of distinguished service to the State under the same Act;
2-2. A TV set held by persons injured in the May 18 Democratization Movement provided for in subparagraph 2 of Article 4 of the Act on the Honorable Treatment of Persons of Distinguished Service to the May 18 Democratization Movement, from among those registered as persons of distinguished service to the May 18 Democratization Movement under the same Act;
3. A TV set on which a pledge has been established and which is in the custody of a third person;
4. A TV set confiscated or seized by the State agencies;
5. A TV set not in use due to business suspension for at least one month, among those installed for business purposes;
5-2. A TV set installed at a place of business if monthly electric consumption at the place of business is 0 kilowatt (limited to TV license fees for the month in which monthly electric consumption is 0 kilowatt);
6. A TV set owned by persons residing in areas where it is impossible to view all or part of TV broadcasting provided by the System (hereinafter referred to as "fringe area"): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where viewing is impracticable due to any artificial cause, such as construction of a new building or structure;
7. A TV set owned by a household whose monthly electric consumption for exclusive residential households is less than 50 kilowatts (limited to TV license fees for the month in which monthly electric consumption is less than 50 kilowatts, and excluding summer houses);
8. A TV set owned by the bereaved family members of the martyrs or patriots registered under the Act on the Honorable Treatment of Persons of Distinguished Service to Independence;
9. A TV set at home where visually impaired or hearing impaired persons who are registered with the Ministry of Health and Welfare live;
10. Other TV sets designated by the Korea Communications Commission.
(2) Where a person who possesses a TV set referred to in any subparagraph of paragraph (1) intends to be eligible for exemption from TV license fees, he/she shall file an application for exemption from TV license fees with the System or the designated person, along with the data attesting to his/her eligibility for exemption from TV license fees: Provided, That a person who possesses a TV set referred to in paragraph (1) 5-2, 6, or 7 may file such application without submitting the data attesting his/her eligibility for exemption from TV license fees. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
(3) Upon receipt of an application filed under paragraph (2), the System or the person designated shall verify the application and enter the applicant's eligibility for exemption from TV license fees on the TV set registry, and exempt the applicant from TV license fees, starting from the month in which the application for exemption is filed.
(4) The scope of fringe areas referred to in paragraph (1) 6 shall be determined by the System upon approval from the Korea Communications Commission. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 45 (Reduction of TV License Fees)
(1) TV license fees shall be partially reduced for any of the following TV sets pursuant to the proviso to Article 64 of the Act: Provided, That the amount equivalent to a half of TV license fees for one month shall be reduced from every sixth months’ portion, with respect to the TV sets referred to in subparagraph 1: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
1. When a person not delinquent in paying TV license fees makes a lump sum payment of TV license fees for at least sixth months, the relevant TV set;
2. A TV set designated by the Korea Communications Commission, which is deemed necessary for reducing TV license fees.
(2) A person who intends to have his/her TV license fees reduced with respect to the TV sets referred to in paragraph (1) 1 shall file an application for reduction of TV license fees with the System or the designated person. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
(3) Upon receipt of an application filed under paragraph (1), the System or the designated person shall reduce TV license fees pursuant to the proviso to paragraph (1). <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
 Article 46 (Disposition of Erroneous Payments)
The System or person designated shall, in cases where a TV set registrant erroneously pays TV license fees or falls under any of the following subparagraphs after making the payment, refund the relevant erroneous payment or the remainder thereof: Provided, That the refund amount may be appropriated for TV license fees in cases where the TV set registrant does not seek such refund:
1. Cancellation of a registration of the TV set under Article 41;
2. Exemption from TV license fees under Article 44;
3. Reduction of TV license fees under Article 45.
 Article 47 (Collection of Additional Charges and Punitive Surcharges, etc.)
(1) Additional charges for delinquent payment of TV license fees under Article 66 (1) of the Act shall be the amount equivalent to five percent of the amount of TV license fees in delinquency.
(2) The System or the designated person shall serve to a person, who fails to pay TV license fees within the payment period, a demand notice clarifying the following matters within 20 days after the expiration of the payment period:
1. Amount of TV license delinquency fees, and a surcharge;
2. Payment period (of more than ten days from the date of serving the demand notice);
3. Place for payment;
4. Purport that collection shall be made compulsorily when he/she fails to make the payment within the payment period.
(3) The System or the designated person shall, in cases where it or he/she intends to collect a punitive surcharge under Article 66 (2) of the Act, serve a notice to pay punitive surcharges clarifying the following matters:
1. Amount of punitive surcharges;
2. Ground for the imposition;
3. Payment period;
4. Place for payment;
5. Purport that collection shall be made compulsorily when he/she fails to make the payment within the payment period.
(4) A notice to pay punitive surcharges under paragraph (3) shall be forwarded so as to arrive at a person in possession of a TV set not registered under the proviso to Article 64 of the Act by not later than ten days prior to the payment period.
(5) The System shall, if it intends to obtain approval of the Korea Communications Commission for the disposition of TV license fees, additional charges and punitive surcharges in arrears with payment under Article 66 (3) of the Act, apply for it by clarifying of the scope subject to delinquency in payment and the amount of payment in arrears. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 48 (Payment of Commissions)
The System shall pay commissions to the distributors, etc. under Article 67 (3) of the Act within the limit of 15 percent of the amount of TV license fees collected by them.
 Article 49 (Support for Educational Broadcasting from TV License Fees)
In order to support the expenses for educational broadcasting under Article 68 of the Act, the System shall support the Educational Broadcasting System with an amount equivalent to three percent of its revenues from TV license fees each year, aside from the amount necessary to support a transmission of broadcasts conducted by the Educational Broadcasting System under Article 54 (1) 6 of the Act.
CHAPTER V OPERATION, ETC. OF BROADCASTING BUSINESSES
 Article 50 (Programming, etc. of Broadcast Programs)
(1) A broadcasting business entity that engages in general programming shall ensure that the broadcast programs related to news reports, broadcast programs related to culture, and broadcast programs related to entertainment are well-coordinated under the former part of Article 69 (3) of the Act, and the specific standards for such programming shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007>
1. In cases of TV broadcast programs or radio broadcast programs, the broadcasting hours of those related to entertainment shall not exceed 50/100 of the total monthly broadcasting hours of the relevant channel;
2. In cases of datacasting programs, those related to entertainment shall not exceed 60/100 of the total monthly broadcasting content of the relevant channel.
(2) "Broadcast programs related to news reports" in paragraph (1) refers to the broadcast programs related to coverage and report, reviews, commentaries, etc. for current events with respect to overall domestic and foreign politics, economy, society, culture, etc.; "broadcast programs related to culture" indicates broadcast programs to enhance the culture and education of people, children and juveniles;, and "broadcast programs related to entertainment" means broadcast programs to cultivate national sentiments and diversify leisure life. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007>
(3) The prime time zone defined under the latter part of Article 69 (3) of the Act shall be as follows:
1. Weekdays: From 7 pm. to 11 pm.;
2. Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays: From 6 pm. to 11 pm.
(4) A broadcasting business entity that engages in specialized programming shall broadcast the programs in principal broadcast fields for which he/she has obtained a license or approval or registered under Article 69 (4) of the Act, in accordance with the following standards: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007>
1. In cases of a TV broadcasting channel or radio broadcasting channel, it is required to be programmed at any of the following rates:
(a) Terrestrial broadcasting business entities: At least 60/100 of the total monthly broadcasting hours of the said channel;
(b) Cable television broadcasting business entities or satellite broadcasting business entities: At least 70/100 of the total monthly broadcasting hours of the said channel;
(c) Programming providers: At least 80/100 of the total monthly broadcasting hours of the said channel;
2. In cases of a datacasting channel, At least 60/100 of the total monthly broadcasting content of the said channel shall be programmed.
(5) Broadcast programs that can be additionally broadcasted by a broadcasting business entity that engages in specialized programming under Article 69 (5) of the Act shall be limited to those related to culture or entertainment referred to in paragraph (2): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to public channels referred to in Article 54 and channels publicly announced by any of the following persons, such as channels to provide information on the Republic of Korea to foreigners in Korea mainly in foreign languages, including English: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. The Minister of Science and ICT: Cable TV broadcasting business entities, satellite broadcasting business entities, and programming providers (excluding those engaged in specialized programming regarding news reporting);
2. The Korea Communications Commission: Terrestrial broadcasting business entities, community radio broadcasting business entities, programming providers engaged in specialized programming regarding news reporting.
(6) The rate of the programs of a certain broadcasting business entity which a terrestrial broadcasting business entity may include in his/her programming under Article 69 (6) of the Act shall be any of the following rates and is publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission, considering the business status of relevant terrestrial broadcasting business entities and the condition of the supply of and demand for broadcast programs, etc.: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014>
1. The rate at which any terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity may broadcast the programs of another terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity: 50/100 through 85/100 of the total quarterly broadcasting hours of each channel;
2. The rate at which any terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity may broadcast the programs of another terrestrial radio broadcasting business entity: 40/100 through 80/100 of the total quarterly broadcasting hours of each channel;
3. The rate at which any terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity may broadcast the programs of another terrestrial broadcasting business entity: At least 50/100 of the total quarterly broadcasting hours of each channel;
4. The rate at which any terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity may broadcast the programs of another programming provider: At least 50/100 of the total quarterly broadcasting hours of each channel.
(7) The specific standards for calculating the broadcasting content referred to in paragraphs (1) 2 shall be prescribed by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission, and the specific standards for calculating the broadcasting content referred to in paragraphs (4) 2 shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT or the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(8) The specific standards for classifying broadcasting programs and for calculating programming ratio under paragraphs (1) through (6) may be determined and publicly announced by any of the following persons: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. The Minister of Science and ICT: Cable TV broadcasting business entities, satellite broadcasting business entities, and programming providers (excluding those engaged in general programming or specialized programming of news reporting);
2. The Korea Communications Commission: Terrestrial broadcasting business entities, community radio broadcasting business entities, programming providers engaged in general programming or specialized programming of news reporting.
 Article 51 (Audience Participation Programs)
(1) The System shall broadcast audience participation programs produced directly by audiences for more than 100 minutes every month in the TV broadcasting channel that is used after obtaining permission therefor from the relevant terrestrial TV broadcasting business entity, in accordance with Article 69 (7) of the Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007>
(2) The System shall set forth the programming criteria for audience participation programs, and make a public notification thereof.
(3) Matters necessary for the operation, support for production, and broadcasting rights of audience participation programs shall be governed by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 52 (Support for Viewing by Persons with Disabilities)
(1) In order to support viewing by persons with disabilities pursuant to Article 69 (9) of the Act, a broadcasting business entity shall use the Korean sign language, closed caption subtitles, screen commentaries, etc. for broadcast programs (hereinafter referred to as “broadcasting for persons with disabilities”): Provided, That the Korea Communications Commission may determine and publicly announce the mandatory ratio of broadcasting for persons with disabilities in the case of broadcast programs, other than the following broadcast programs, considering the production conditions of the relevant broadcasting business entity and the audience's demand: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17968, Apr. 17, 2003; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20323, Oct. 15, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22550, Dec. 27, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23223, Oct. 14, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24012, Jul. 31, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 27427, Aug. 2, 2016>
1. Disaster broadcast programs or broadcast programs for civil-defense-warnings provided for in Article 40 of the Framework Act on Broadcasting Communications Development;
2. Broadcast programs referred to in the subparagraphs of Article 14 of the Enforcement Decree of the Act on Welfare of Persons with Disabilities;
3. Broadcast programs determined by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission as deemed necessary for persons with disabilities to watch them;
4. Other broadcasts programmed for the welfare of persons with disabilities.
(2) Business entities obligated to provide broadcasting for persons with disabilities pursuant to Article 69 (9) of the Act shall be as follows: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23223, Oct. 14, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014>
1. Terrestrial broadcasting business entities who have obtained a license under Article 9 (1) of the Act;
2. Satellite broadcasting business entities who have obtained a license under Article 9 (1) of the Act;
3. Cable TV broadcasting business entities who have obtained a license under Article 9 (2) of the Act and program providers (excluding program providers referred to in subparagraph 4) who have registered or obtained approval under Article 9 (5) of the Act, who are prescribed and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission in consideration of the turnover, audience share, etc. of the relevant business entities;
4. Program providers engaged in general programming or specialized programming regarding news reporting, who have obtained a license under the proviso to Article 9 (5) of the Act.
(3) Standards and methods for providing broadcasting for persons with disabilities and other matters shall be prescribed and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission. In such cases, the Korea Communications Commission shall consult in advance with the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23223, Oct. 14, 2011>
 Article 52-2 (Broadcast Programming of Community Radio Broadcasting Business Entities)
(1) A community radio broadcasting business entity shall organize audience participation programs by more than 20 percent (by five percent from July 1, 2016, to June 30, 2018) of the total monthly broadcasting hours pursuant to Article 69 (10) of the Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27299, Jun. 30, 2016>
(2) No community radio broadcasting business entity shall organize other community radio broadcasting business entities' programs by more than 30 percent of the total monthly broadcasting hours, pursuant to Article 69 (11) of the Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016]
 Article 52-3 (Criteria, etc. for Calculation of Audience Share)
(1) The criteria for calculating the audience share under Article 69-2 (3) of the Act shall be as follows:
1. The audience share shall be calculated on a yearly basis and it shall be calculated by June 30 each year for the immediately preceding year: Provided, That where the business period of the immediately preceding year is less than one year, or where deemed unavoidable for permission, approval or other screening for broadcasting business, the audience share shall be calculated based on a period separately determined by the Korea Communications Commission;
2. Where the subscription rate of daily newspaper is converted into the audience share, the media characteristics, utilization status, market size, etc. shall be comprehensively considered;
3. Where the audience share is surveyed for calculating it, the representation of samples, appropriateness of those subject to such survey, credibility and validity of the survey method, etc. shall be comprehensively considered.
(2) The method of calculating the audience share under Article 69-2 (3) of the Act shall be as follows:
1. The audience share of the relevant broadcasting business entity: To be fully reflected;
2. The audience share of related parties to the relevant broadcasting business entity: To be fully reflected;
3. The audience share of another broadcasting business entity in which the relevant broadcasting business entity owns stocks or shares: The share computed by multiplying the audience share of another broadcasting business entity with the ratio of stocks or shares owned by the relevant broadcasting business entity is to be reflected;
4. The audience share converted from the subscription rate of daily newspaper of a corporation (including related parties) that operates daily newspaper:
(a) Where such corporation concurrently operates relevant broadcasting business: The audience share converted from the subscription rate of daily newspaper is to be reflected after multiplying it with the rate determined and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission;
(b) Where such corporation owns stocks or shares of a relevant broadcasting business entity: The audience share converted from the subscription rate of daily newspaper is to be reflected after multiplying it with the rate determined and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission based on the scale of ownership of such stocks or shares.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010]
 Article 52-4 (Measures against Excess Audience Share)
(1) Pursuant to Article 69-2 (5) of the Act, the details of orders issued to a business entity whose audience share exceeds the audience share specified in paragraph (1) of the same Article (hereinafter referred to as "excessive business entity") shall be as follows:
1. A restriction on holding broadcasting business: Measures to prohibit an excessive business entity from engaging in a new broadcasting business (including acquiring stocks or shares of another broadcasting business entity);
2. A restriction on commercial airing times: Measures to prohibit commercials under Article 59 for a certain period on broadcasting channels operated by an excessive business entity;
3. Partial transfer of broadcasting hours: Measures to require part of broadcasting hours of the broadcasting channels operated by an excessive business entity to be transferred to another broadcasting business entity for a certain period;
4. Sale of stocks or shares of another broadcasting business entity: Measures to require stocks or shares of another broadcasting business entity that are owned by an excessive business entity to be sold to a third party (excluding related parties).
(2) Orders provided for in paragraph (1) shall be issued in compliance with the following:
1. Measures provided for in paragraph (1) 1 and 2 shall be concurrently imposed;
2. In regard to measures provided for in paragraph (1) 3 and 4, one of them shall be selected for implementation;
3. Where an order is issued under subparagraphs 1 and 2, a notice of the following shall be given:
(a) Measures provided for in paragraph (1) 2: Channels subject to the restriction on commercial hours under Article 52-5 (1) 2 and period subject to such restriction under subparagraph 4 of the same paragraph;
(b) Measures provided for in paragraph (1) 3: Channels to which broadcasting hours are to be transferred under Article 52-6 (1) 2 and period subject to such transfer under subparagraph 4 of the same paragraph;
(c) Measures provided for in paragraph (1) 4: Sale period of stocks or shares under Article 52-7 (3).
(3) An excessive business entity shall, in receipt of an order under paragraph (2) 2 from the Korea Communications Commission, report the measures to be implemented, to the Korea Communications Commission within 15 days from receipt of such order. In such cases, where such excessive business entity intends to report the measures under paragraph (1) 3 as measures to be implemented, he/she shall submit the broadcasting hours to transfer.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010]
 Article 52-5 (Restrictions on Commercial Airing Times)
(1) Measures to restrict commercial airing times under Article 52-4 (1) 2 shall be taken in compliance with the following standards:
1. In regard to the audience share that exceeds 30/100, commercial airing times are to be restricted by calculating every 1 percent (rounding to the second decimal place) as one day every month. In such cases, commercial airing times shall be restricted on a basis of consecutive days from the first day of each month;
2. Channels subject to the restriction on commercial airing times are to be those with the highest audience share (hereinafter referred to as "primary channel");
3. A period for which commercial airing times shall be restricted shall be determined by the Korea Communications Commission within a period from six to not exceeding nine months.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), an excessive business entity may broadcast non-commercial, public-interest commercials during hours subject to the restriction on commercials. In such cases, relevant public-interest commercials shall not be included in non-commercial public-interest commercials under Article 73 (4) of the Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010]
 Article 52-6 (Partial Transfer of Broadcasting Hours)
(1) Measures for partial transfer of broadcasting hours under Article 52-4 (1) 3 shall be taken in compliance with the following standards:
1. Broadcasting hours to be transferred by an excessive business entity shall be as prescribed in attached Table 2;
2. Channels subject to partial transfer of broadcasting hours shall be primary channels;
3. Units of broadcasting hours to be transferred shall be at least 30 minutes that can be regularly arranged for prime time (referring to prime time under Article 50 (3); hereinafter the same shall apply);
4. The transfer shall be made for a period determined by the Korea Communications Commission within a period from six to not exceeding nine months.
(2) An excessive business entity shall conclude a contract on the transfer of broadcasting hours with a third-party broadcasting business entity (limited to business entities using television broadcasting channels and excluding related parties to excessive business entities) determined in accordance with the criteria and procedures publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission, within one month from the date of such determination: Provided, That where the Korea Communications Commission deems it necessary, the implementation period may be extended only once within the extent of one month.
(3) Broadcasts during broadcasting hours transferred under paragraph (2) shall be in conformity with the following criteria:
1. Broadcasts that can be programmed are to be cultural broadcasts under Article 50 (2). In such cases, the production expenses of relevant programs may be appropriated by the profits of commercials under Article 73 (2) of the Act;
2. Transmission expenses incurred in broadcasting broadcast programs are to be borne by a third-party broadcasting business entity under the main sentence of paragraph (2): Provided, That the payment of transmission expenses may be replaced by the permission of commercials under Article 73 (2) 3 through 5 of the Act.
(4) In any of the following cases, an excessive business entity may choose not to broadcast or to postpone the broadcast programs of a third-party broadcasting business entity under the main sentence of paragraph (2). In such cases, an excessive business entity shall, in advance, notify a third-party broadcasting business entity of such fact and transfer broadcasting hours corresponding to the broadcasting hours that are not broadcast or postponed: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
1. Where the day to which transferred broadcasting hours belong is a holiday and therefore programming hours for broadcasts need to be changed;
2. Where it is necessary to broadcast, in real time, events, etc. drawing public attention (hereinafter referred to as "events, etc. drawing public attention") announced pursuant to the former part of Article 76 (2) of the Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010]
 Article 52-7 (Sale of Stocks or Shares of another Broadcasting Business Entity)
Measures for sale of stocks or shares under Article 52-4 (1) 4 shall be in conformity with the following criteria:
1. To make sure the audience share that exceeds 30 percent of that of the immediately preceding year is relieved;
2. To not make a sale to persons specially related to excessive business entities;
3. To make a sale within a period determined by the Korea Communications Commission within the scope of six months: Provided, That where the Korea Communications Commission recognizes it as necessary, the implementation period may be extended only once within the scope of six months.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010]
 Article 53 (Arrangement and Operation of Channels)
(1) Pursuant to Article 70 (1) of the Act, terrestrial broadcasting business entities that provide digital multimedia broadcasting services, cable television broadcasting business entities, and satellite broadcasting business entities shall arrange and operate the channels by observing the following matters by any of the following business entities to ensure that they do not preponderate to a specific field of broadcasting and realize diversity: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008>
1. Terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities:
(a) Required to operate at least two broadcasting channels among TV broadcasting channels, radio broadcasting channels, and datacasting channels;
(b) Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008>
2. Cable television broadcasting business entities and general satellite broadcasting business entities:
(a) Required to operate at least 70 channels in the number of all TV channels they operate;
(b) Required to include channels of program providers engaged in general programming with approval from the Korea Communications Commission under the proviso to Article 9 (5) of the Act;
(c) Required to include at least two channels of program providers engaged in specialized programming of news reporting with approval from the Korea Communications Commission under the proviso to Article 9 (5) of the Act;
(d) Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008>
3. Satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities:
(a) Required to include TV broadcasting channels, radio broadcasting channels, and datacasting channels;
(b) Required to operate at least 15 channels in the number of all channels they operate;
(c) Required to operate entire TV broadcasting channels the number of which does not exceed 2/3 of their entire operational channels;
(d) Required to include at least one broadcasting channel of any program provider engaged in general programming or any other program provider engaged in specialized programming of news reporting;
(e) Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007>
(f) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008>
(2) "In excess of the scope prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 70 (2) of the Act means any of the following cases by business entity: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011>
1. If any terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity falls under any of the following items:
(a) If the total number of channels he/she uses for himself/herself or rents to any related party exceeds three channels (if any datacasting channel is included in the channels that he/she uses for himself/herself or rents to any related party, four channels);
(b) If the number of channels that he/she rents to any specific programming provider exceeds one channel (if any datacasting channels are included in the channels that he/she rents to any specific programming provider, two channels);
2. If any cable television broadcasting business entity or any satellite broadcasting business entity falls under any of the following items:
(a) If the number of channels directly used by any cable television broadcasting business entity exceeds three channels (excluding any local channel provided for in Article 70 (4) of the Act): Provided, That items (b) shall apply if the number of entire operational channels exceeds 100 channels;
(b) If the number of channels directly used by any satellite broadcasting business entity exceeds 10/100 of the number of operational TV broadcasting channels and the number of operational radio broadcasting channels (if the number of operational TV broadcasting channels or the number of operational radio broadcasting channels is less than ten channels, one channel, respectively, and if the number of operational TV broadcasting channels or the number of operational radio broadcasting channels is not less than ten channels and less than 40 channels, four channels, respectively) or exceeds 30/100 of the operational datacasting channels (if the number of operational datacasting channels is not more than three channels, one channel);
(c) If the number of channels that he/she rents to any related party exceeds 20/100 of the number of operational TV broadcasting channels (if the number of operational TV broadcasting channels is less than five channels, one channel); exceeds 50/100 of the operational radio broadcasting channels (20 percent, in cases of any satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity);, or exceeds 30/100 of the number of any operational datacasting channels (excluding where the number of operational datacasting channels is not more than three channels);
(d) If the number of channels that he/she rents to any specific programming provider or any of its related parties exceeds 20/100 of the number of operational TV broadcasting channels (if the number of operational channels is less than five channels, one channel); exceeds 50/100 of the number of operational radio broadcasting channels; exceeds 30/100 of the number of operational datacasting channels (excluding where the number of datacasting channels is not more than three channels); or exceeds 30/100 of the number of operational datacasting channels;
(e) If the total number of TV broadcasting channels (excluding channels engaged in specialized programming for education, religion or regions and those through which terrestrial broadcasts are retransmitted) that he/she or any related party to him/her rents to a programming provider who is a terrestrial broadcasting business entity exceeds 20/100 of the number of operational TV broadcasting channels (excluding a satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity);
(f) If the total number of TV broadcasting channels that he/she or any related party to him/her rents to a programming provider who is a cable television broadcasting business entity exceeds 35/100 of the number of operational TV broadcasting channels (excluding a satellite broadcasting business entity): Provided, That the following programming provider's channel shall be disregarded for the purpose of calculating the number of TV broadcasting channels:
(i) Channels of any broadcasting provided in receipt of consideration on the basis of a channel under contracts with audiences;
(ii) Channels which are operated by one person and by which the same broadcasting service is provided through several channels at regular intervals;
(iii) Channels through which broadcast programs are provided so that a audience may view a specific program selected by him/her at a specific time selected by him/her;
(iv) Channels engaged in specialized programming for the provision of information on commodities and the sale thereof.
(3) Where any terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity, cable television broadcasting business entity, or satellite broadcasting business entity intends to operate channels that are directly used in accordance with paragraph (2), he/she shall submit a written plan for operating channels for direct use to any of the following persons. The same shall apply where he/she intends to change such written plan: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. The Minister of Science and ICT: Cable television broadcasting business entities and satellite broadcasting business entities;
2. The Korea Communications Commission: Terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities.
(4) Methods for calculating the number of operational channels under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of Ministry of Science and ICT or the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission according to the classification under paragraph (3), in consideration of the characteristics by broadcasting media. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
[In accordance with Article 2 of the Addenda of Presidential Decree No. 20219 (Aug. 7, 2007), paragraph (2) 2 (e) and (f) of this Article shall remain effective until Dec. 31, 2010]
 Article 54 (Operation of Public Channels, Religious Channels and Channels for Welfare of Disabled Persons)
(1) Cable television broadcasting business entities and general satellite broadcasting business entities shall, pursuant to Article 70 (3) of the Act, install at least three TV broadcasting channels respectively for public purposes and for the missionary work of religions (hereinafter referred to as "religious channels") which are recognized by the Minister of Science and ICT and at least one TV broadcasting channel for the welfare of disabled persons which is recognized by the Korea Communications Commission (hereinafter referred to as "welfare channel for disabled persons"). In such cases, religious channels shall not be provided for a specific religion. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Cable television broadcasting business entities and general satellite broadcasting business entities shall not alter or transmit the contents broadcasted through a public channel, religious channel or welfare channel for disabled persons, except in extenuating circumstances, such as problems in broadcasting technologies. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
(3) Matters necessary for procedures for, and method of the recognition of channels pursuant to the main body of paragraph (1) and other matters shall be determined and publicly announced by the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 55 (Operation of Local Channels)
(1) Each cable television broadcasting business entity shall operate one TV broadcasting channel as a local channel in accordance with Article 70 (4) of the Act. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004>
(2) Each cable television broadcasting business entity shall, in cases where he/ she intends to operate the local channels in accordance with paragraph (1), submit a plan for operating local channels to the Minister of Science and ICT, and the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor or Do governor, respectively. and operate local channels in accordance with such plan for operating local channels. The same shall apply to cases where he/she intends to change the plan for operating local channels. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The scope of broadcast programs which may be transmitted through local channels shall be prescribed according to the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Broadcast programs produced by the audiences themselves and for which they request broadcasting, under Article 70 (7) of the Act;
2. Broadcast programs of local living information within the cable television broadcasting zone under the criteria as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT;
3. Broadcast programs for publicizing the policies of local governments;
4. Broadcast program guides;
5. Other broadcast programs recognized by the Minister of Science and ICT or the heads of local governments as necessary for the development of local communities and for the convenience of local residents.
 Article 56 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 56-2 (Selection and Operation of Public Service Channels)
(1) Any cable television broadcasting business entity and any general satellite broadcasting business entity shall operate one or more channels (hereinafter referred to as the "public channel") that belong to broadcasting fields publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission under the former part of Article 70 (8) of the Act: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply when a public channel for each broadcasting field under paragraph (3) is not selected. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
(2) Any person, who intends to be selected as a public channel entity for each field of broadcasting publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission under Article 70 (8) of the Act, shall submit an application for such selection to the Korea Communications Commission by September 30 of each year. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
(3) Where the Korea Communications Commission receives an application for selection of a public channel under paragraph (2), it shall review the following matters and decide on such selection in the next year and issue a selection as public channel to the applicant by November 20 of each year: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
1. Conformity of the relevant channel with the applicable field of broadcasting;
2. Fairness, public interest and possibility of the relevant channel;
3. Appropriateness of the operational plan for the relevant channel;
4. Sense of social responsibility and ability to carry out business;
5. Status of the handling of audiences' complaints and civil petitions.
(4) The term of validity of selection of a public channel under paragraph (3) shall be one year.
(5) Except as otherwise expressly provided in paragraphs (1) through (4), matters necessary for the specific procedures, methods, etc. for the selection of public channels shall be provided for by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007]
 Article 57 (Programming of Domestically-Produced Broadcast Programs)
(1) Pursuant to Article 71 (1) of the Act, a broadcasting business entity shall broadcast domestically-produced broadcast programs in excess of the ratio publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission, within the following limits: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011>
1. Terrestrial broadcasting business entities and terrestrial broadcasting programming providers: From 60 up to 80 percent of the total broadcasting hours of the relevant channel for every half year;
2. Cable television broadcasting business entities and satellite broadcasting business entities: From 40 up to 70 percent of the total broadcasting hours of the relevant channel for every half year;
3. Programming providers, other than terrestrial broadcasting programming providers: From 20 up to 50 percent of the total half-year broadcasting hours of the relevant channel for every half year.
(2) Pursuant to Article 71 (2) of the Act, every broadcasting business entity shall program domestically-produced movies, animations and popular music among annually broadcast movies, animations and popular music in excess of the ratio publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission within the following limits: Provided, That a broadcasting business entity engaged in specialized programming concerning religions or education shall program domestically-produced movies or animations in excess of the ratio publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission, within the limit of 40 percent of the total annual broadcasting hours of movies or the total annual broadcasting hours of animations of the relevant channel: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
1. Movies: From 20 up to 40 percent of the total movie broadcasting hours of the relevant channel;
2. Animations: From 30 up to 50 percent of the total animation broadcasting hours of the relevant channel;
3. Popular music: From 50 up to 80 percent the total popular music broadcasting hours of the relevant channel.
(3) “Ratio prescribed by Presidential Decree” in the main sentence of Article 71 (3) of the Act means 50 percent. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
(4) Pursuant to the main body of Article 71 (3) of the Act, a terrestrial broadcasting business entity (excluding any terrestrial broadcasting business entity having the areas falling under any subparagraph of Article 25-2 as his/her broadcasting zone; hereafter the same shall apply in this paragraph), a programming provider engaged in general broadcasting or a programming provider who programs animations in excess of the ratio provided for in paragraph (3) among the total annual broadcasting hours shall newly program domestically-produced animations in excess of the ratio publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission within1.5 percent of the total broadcasting hours of the relevant channel among all programs annually broadcast through the relevant TV broadcasting channel: Provided, That any of the following terrestrial broadcasting business entities shall newly program domestically-produced animations in excess of 1 percent of the total broadcasting hours of the relevant channel among all programs annually broadcast through the relevant TV broadcasting channel for which he/she obtains a license to run the terrestrial TV broadcasting business: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
1. The System;
2. A terrestrial broadcasting business entity, for which the Foundation for Broadcast Culture established under the Foundation for Broadcast Culture Act is the largest investor;
3. A terrestrial broadcasting business entity whose average annual sales during the immediately preceding three business years are at least 300 billion won.
(5) Pursuant to Article 71 (4) of the Act, a broadcasting business entity shall program movies, animations and popular music produced by a certain country among movies, animations and popular music imported from foreign countries, not more than the ratio publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission, within the limit of 80 percent of the total broadcasting hours of imported movies, animations and popular music of the relevant channel for every half year. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23345, Dec. 2, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
(6) The Korea Communications Commission shall consult with the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism when it publicly announces the programming ratio under paragraph (1), (2), (4) or (5). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
(7) Standards for classification into domestically-produced broadcast programs referred to in paragraph (1), domestically-produced movies, animations and popular music referred to in paragraph (2) and imported movies, animations and popular music referred to in paragraph (5) shall be prescribed and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission in consideration of the planning and production types of the relevant broadcast programs, the organization of planning and production personnel, and financial resources invested in production, etc. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
(8) Standards for applying weighted values to a specific broadcast program or excluding the broadcasting hours of a specific broadcast program from the total broadcasting hours in calculation of the programming ratio pursuant to paragraph (1), (2), (4) or (5) shall be prescribed and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
 Article 58 (Programming of Broadcast Content Genuinely Produced by External Producers)
(1) Pursuant to Article 72 (1) of the Act, a terrestrial broadcasting business entity and a terrestrial broadcasting programming provider shall broadcast television programs produced domestically by persons other than such entity or related parties to him/her (excluding movies; hereinafter referred to as "broadcast content genuinely produced by external producers") in excess of the ratio publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission within 35/100 of the total half-year TV broadcasting hours of the relevant channel. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
(2) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
(3) Pursuant to Article 72 (3) of the Act, a broadcasting business entity engaged in general programming shall program broadcast content genuinely produced by external producers in excess of the ratio publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission within 15/100 of the half-year TV broadcasting hours in the prime time zone of the relevant channel. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
(4) The Korea Communications Commission shall consult with the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism when publicly announcing the programming ratio under paragraphs (1) and (3). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
(5) Standards for recognizing the broadcast content genuinely produced by external producers pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (3) and standards for putting more weight on specific broadcast programs in calculation of the programming ratio, and for excluding the airing time for specific programs from the total airing time shall be prescribed and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
 Article 59 (Commercials)
(1) Pursuant to Article 73 (1) of the Act, a broadcasting business entity shall continue displaying the caption "commercial" of a size at least 1/64 of the screen to be clearly distinguishable from the screen on the upper left or upper right corner of the screen while airing commercials for a broadcast program mainly viewed by children (referring to broadcast content which help children grow healthily, develop their emotion, and establish cultural diversity, targeting children under the age of 13; hereinafter the same shall apply) and spot commercial messages before and after such broadcast program. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 26422, Jul. 20, 2015>
(2) The allowable scope, running time, frequency, methods, etc. of airing commercials under Article 73 (2) of the Act (excluding non-profit, public commercials, virtual commercials, and product placement; hereafter the same shall apply in this paragraph) shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 26422, Jul. 20, 2015>
1. In cases of TV and radio broadcasting channels of terrestrial broadcasting business entities (excluding terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities; hereafter the same shall apply in this subparagraph), community radio broadcasting business entities, and terrestrial broadcasting programming providers (excluding terrestrial mobile multimedia programming providers):
(a) The running time of commercials for a broadcast program (meaning the time from the starting of an announcement explaining the relevant broadcast program to the time before an announcement explaining the following broadcast program begins, and the running time of commercials and time for announcing the name of a broadcasting business entity are included; hereafter the same shall apply in this subparagraph through subparagraph 3) shall not exceed a maximum of 18/100 of the running time of the broadcast program;
(b) In cases of TV broadcasting channels, the running time of commercials for a broadcast program, out of the running time of commercials for broadcast programs pursuant to paragraph (1), shall not exceed 15/100 of the running time of each broadcast program;
(c) The average running time of commercials for each broadcast program which is broadcast for one day (referring to the time from the start of broadcasting to the end of broadcasting prescribed by the public notice of the Korea Communications Commission; hereafter the same shall apply in this subparagraph through subparagraph 3) through each channel shall not exceed 15/100;
(d) No commercial breaks are permitted: Provided, That where broadcast programs, including sports games, cultural or art events, which have an intermittent pause or preparation time, are transmitted, commercial breaks are permitted only during the intermittent pause or preparation time, and there is no limit to the frequency and running time of commercial breaks in such cases;
(e) A commercial caption (an explanation or announcement of the title of a broadcasting business entity or a broadcast program, or of public information notified by the Korea Communications Commission in the form of a caption shall not be deemed a commercial caption; hereinafter the same shall apply) shall be permitted only when the title of a broadcasting business entity or a broadcast program is announced. In such cases, the size of the caption shall not exceed 1/4 of the screen;
2. In cases of TV broadcasting channels and radio broadcasting channels of cable television broadcasting business entities, satellite broadcasting business entities (excluding satellite mobile multimedia program business entities), and programming providers (excluding terrestrial broadcasting programming providers and satellite multimedia programming providers):
(a) The running time of commercials for a broadcast program shall not exceed a maximum of 20/100 of the running time of the broadcast program, and the average running time of commercials for each broadcast program which is broadcast for one day through each channel shall not exceed 17/100;
(b) The frequency of commercial breaks shall be no more than once for a broadcast program of not less than 45 but less than 60 minutes (including the time for commercial breaks; hereinafter the same shall apply); no more than twice for a broadcast program of not less than 60 but less than 90 minutes; no more than three times for a broadcast program of not less than 90 but less than 120 minutes; no more than four times for a broadcast program of not less than 120, but less than 150 minutes; no more than five times for a broadcast program of not less than 150 but less than 180 minutes; and no more than six times for a broadcast program of not less than 180 minutes; and the running time of each commercial shall not exceed one minute: Provided, That where broadcast programs, such as sports games, cultural or art events, which have an intermittent pause or preparation time, are transmitted, commercial breaks may be permitted only during the intermittent pause or preparation time, and there is no limit to the frequency and running time of commercial breaks, in such cases;
(c) Where commercial breaks referred to in the main sentence of item (b) are aired, a broadcasting business entity shall inform viewers of the commercial breaks in subtitle, by voice or other means immediately before such commercial breaks begins, for their clear understanding;
(d) A commercial caption shall be limited to only when the title of a broadcasting business entity or a broadcasting program is announced. In such cases, the size of the caption shall not exceed 1/4 of the screen;
3. In cases of TV broadcasting channels and radio broadcasting channels of terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities, terrestrial mobile multimedia programming providers, satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities, and satellite mobile multimedia programming providers:
(a) The running time of commercials for a broadcast program shall not exceed a maximum of 20/100 of the running time of the broadcast program, and the average running time of commercials for each broadcast program which is broadcast for one day through each channel shall not exceed 17/100;
(b) The frequency of commercial breaks shall be no more than once for a broadcast program of not less than 45 but less than 60 minutes (including the time for commercial breaks; hereafter the same shall apply in this item); no more than twice for a broadcast program of not less than 60 but less than 90 minutes; no more than three times for a broadcast program of not less than 90 but less than 120 minutes; no more than four times for a broadcast program of not less than 120 but less than 150 minutes; no more than five times for a broadcast program of not less than 150 but less than 180 minutes; and no more than six times for a broadcast program of not less than 180 minutes; the running time of each commercial shall not exceed one minute: Provided, That where broadcast programs, such as sports games, cultural or art events, which have an intermittent pause or preparation time, are transmitted, commercial breaks may be permitted only during the intermittent pause or preparation time, and there is no limit to the frequency and running time of commercial breaks, in such cases;
(c) Where commercial breaks referred to in the main sentence of item (b) are aired, a broadcasting business entity shall inform viewers of the commercial breaks in subtitle, by voice or other means immediately before such commercial breaks begins, for their clear understanding;
(d) A commercial caption shall be limited to only when the title of a broadcasting business entity or a broadcasting program is announced. In such cases, the size of the caption shall not exceed 1/3 of the screen;
4. In cases of datacasting channels:
(a) Any commercial aired through the opening screen (hereafter in this paragraph referred to as "opening screen") that is used by every broadcasting business entity to announce datacasting channels to help audiences choose among them shall be limited to a commercial caption and the size of such caption shall not exceed 1/4 of the opening screen;
(b) The size of a broadcasting commercial after the first screen (referring to the initial screen of any datacasting channel that is moved through connection with such datacasting channel on the opening screen; hereafter in this paragraph referred to as "first screen") of the relevant datacasting channel shall not exceed 1/3 of the entire screen area, and the running time of such commercial shall not exceed ten minutes (limited to commercials which include moving pictures and voices): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where any indication or announcement of a broadcasting commercial is made after the first screen in order to allow audiences to have access to the relevant commercial;
5. No broadcasting commercial shall be aired on the opening screen of the datacasting, which is added to TV broadcasting programs of TV broadcasting channels, and subparagraph 4 (b) shall apply mutatis mutandis to any broadcasting commercial after the first screen is aired. In such cases, the opening screen refers to the opening screen on which the relevant TV broadcasting program is first aired and the first screen refers to the initial screen that is moved through connection with the opening screen.
(3) Pursuant to Article 73 (4) of the Act, each broadcasting business entity and electric signboard broadcasting business entity shall program non-profit public commercials in excess of the following applicable ratios: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to any channel publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission that mostly broadcasts public content: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23215, Oct. 10, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 27323, Jul. 6, 2016>
1. Broadcasting business entities: The ratio publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission within the limit of one percent of the total monthly broadcasting time of each channel (referring to all broadcasting programs in cases of datacasting channels);
(4) Non-profit public commercials to be programmed by broadcasting business entities and electric sign board broadcasting business entities under paragraph (3) are as follows: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007>
1. Commercials produced by the State or local governments, or public institutions or non-profit institutions for public purposes and broadcasted by the broadcasting business entities and electronic sign board broadcasting business entities for non-profit purposes;
2. Commercials produced and programmed by broadcasting business entities for public purposes.
(5) and (6) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
[Article 59 (5) was deleted by Presidential Decree No. 23958, July 17, 2012, following a ruling on unconstitutionality by the Constitutional Court of Korea rendered on November 27, 2008]
 Article 59-2 (Virtual Commercials)
(1) Virtual commercials are allowed exclusively for the following:
1. Programs broadcasting sports games;
2. Broadcast programs related to entertainment: Provided, That no virtual commercial is permitted for broadcast programs related to entertainment, the main audiences of which are children;
3. Broadcast programs related to reporting of sports news.
(2) No virtual commercial is permitted for any product, etc., airing the commercial of which is prohibited, or permitted for limited hours pursuant to other statutes or the Review Regulations of the Korea Communications Standards Commission (hereinafter referred to as “Review Regulations”).
(3) The virtual commercials shall be aired according to the following standards: Provided, That there shall be no limit to the running time of virtual commercials for a program broadcasting sports games, if the virtual commercials replace a billboard installed in the stadium, or the airing time of the relevant programs is changed due to any unavoidable cause, such as suspension of sports games due to rain:
1. In cases of TV broadcasting channels of terrestrial broadcasting business entities (excluding terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities), and terrestrial broadcasting programming providers (excluding terrestrial mobile multimedia programming providers): no more than 5/100 of the running time of the relevant program;
2. In cases of TV broadcasting channels of terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities, cable television broadcasting business entities, satellite broadcasting business entities, and programming providers (excluding terrestrial broadcasting programming providers, but including terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities): no more than 7/100 of the running time of the relevant program.
(4) Virtual commercials shall be aired according to the following standards: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
1. The size of a virtual commercial shall not exceed 1/4 of the screen: Provided, That it shall not exceed 1/3 of the screen in cases of mobile multimedia programs;
2. Where a broadcast program contains any virtual commercial, a caption indicating that this program contains the virtual commercial shall be displayed before the broadcast program starts, to make viewers clearly aware thereof;
3. In cases of programs broadcasting sports games:
(a) No virtual commercial shall be permitted to be exposed above players, referees, and audience in the venue of the game, stand, etc.: Provided, That a virtual commercial may be permitted to be exposed above audience, if faces of individuals are indistinguishable and it does not interrupt the flow of game or flow of viewers’ watching;
(b) A broadcasting business entity that intends to broadcast virtual commercials shall consult in advance with interested parties, such as the organizations hosting the sports game or persons who hold the rights to broadcasting;
4. In cases of broadcast programs related to entertainment or sports news reporting:
(a) No virtual commercial shall affect any content or format of the relevant broadcast program;
(b) The products, etc. subject to virtual commercial shall not be mentioned nor the purchase and use of such products, etc. shall not be recommended in the relevant broadcast program using voice or sound or any means, other than the image of virtual commercial;
(c) No virtual commercial shall interrupt the flow of viewers’ watching.
(5) The Korea Communications Commission may determine and publicly announce the detailed standards for the running times and method of virtual commercials prescribed in paragraphs (1) through (4) and other relevant matters.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26422, Jul. 20, 2015]
 Article 59-3 (Product Placements)
(1) Product placements are permitted exclusively for entertainment and cultural programs: Provided, That no product placement shall be permitted for the following entertainment and cultural programs among entertainment and cultural programs:
1. Broadcasting programs, the main audiences of which are children;
2. Broadcasting programs which require objectivity and fairness, such as news reporting, current news, commentary, and debate.
(2) No product placement is permitted for any product, etc., airing the commercial of which is prohibited, or permitted only for limited hours pursuant to other statues or the Review Regulations.
(3) The featuring time of product placements (referring to the time during which the mark of a product, such as the label or log, exposed by product placement) shall be as follows: Provided, That any inevitable exposure in the course of producing a program shall be excluded from the featuring time of product placements:
1. In cases of TV broadcasting channels of terrestrial broadcasting business entities (excluding terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities), and terrestrial broadcasting programming providers (excluding terrestrial mobile multimedia programming providers): no more than 5/100 of the running time of the relevant broadcast program;
2. In cases of TV broadcasting channels of terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities, cable television broadcasting business entities, satellite broadcasting business entities, and programming providers (excluding terrestrial broadcasting programming providers, but including terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entities): no more than 7/100 of the running time of the relevant broadcast program.
(4) Product placements shall be made according to the following standards:
1. The size of product placements (referring to the size of the mark of a product, such as the label or log, exposed by product placement) shall not exceed 1/4 of the screen: Provided, That it shall not exceed 1/3 of the screen in cases of mobile multimedia programs;
2. Where a broadcast program contains any product placement, a caption indicating that this program contains the product placement shall be displayed before the broadcast program starts, to make viewers clearly aware thereof;
3. No product placement shall affect the content or format of the relevant broadcast program;
4. The products, etc. featured by product placement shall not be mentioned nor the purchase and use of such products, etc. shall not be recommended in the relevant broadcast program;
5. No product placement shall interrupt the flow of viewers’ watching.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26422, Jul. 20, 2015]
 Article 59-4 (Sale of Product Placements by External Producers)
(1) A broadcasting business entity and an external producer shall agree on matters in writing concerning the content and form of product placement, such as products placed by product placement, the placement time, the number of times that products are placed and methods of placement, until they enter into a contract for entrustment of the sale or sale of product placement pursuant to Article 73 (6) of the Act. The foregoing shall also apply where they intend to alter the agreed terms.
(2) Where a broadcast program produced by an external producer pursuant to Article 73 (8) of the Act is organized in the channel of a broadcasting business entity who can broadcast advertisements only entrusted by a broadcast advertising sales agency (hereinafter referred to as "advertising sales agency") under Article 5 (1) and (2) of the Act on Broadcast Advertising Sales Agencies, Etc., the relevant external producer shall entrust the advertising sales agency that has entered into an entrustment contract for the sale of broadcast advertising with the relevant broadcasting business entity with the sale of product placement including the relevant broadcast program.
(3) Where an external producer entrusts an advertising sales agency with the sale of product placement pursuant to paragraph (2), it shall enter into a contract concerning charges for broadcast advertising and a commission for the sale of product placement with the advertising sales agency.
(4) In addition to matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3), necessary matters concerning procedures for entrusting the sale of product placement and criteria for calculating a sales commission shall be prescribed and announced by the Korea Communications Commission.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016]
 Article 60 (Announcement of Sponsors)
(1) A broadcasting business entity may announce its sponsors in any TV broadcasting channel and any radio broadcasting channel pursuant to Article 74 (1) of the Act only in any of the following cases: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 26422, Jul. 20, 2015>
1. Sponsoring a public interest campaign which is conducted by the broadcasting business entity;
2. Sponsoring a public interest event, such as culture, art and sports, which is hosted, supervised or supported by the broadcasting business entity;
3. Sponsoring a production of broadcast programs by a person who produces broadcast programs (excluding current issue, reporting and news commentary programs, or debate programs; hereafter the same shall apply in this subparagraph): Provided, That the this shall be limited to broadcast programs prescribed by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission after consulting with the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism, in cases of TV broadcast programs by any of the following broadcasting business entities:
(a) The System (excluding local broadcasting stations established under Article 43 (4) of the Act);
(b) A terrestrial broadcasting business entity whose largest investor is the Foundation for Broadcast Culture established under the Foundation for Broadcast Culture Act;
(c) A terrestrial broadcasting business entity whose average turnover for the immediately preceding three years to the relevant year exceeds 300 billion won;
3-2. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011>
4. Providing prizes or gifts in the course of producing broadcast programs, or of sponsoring a location, costume, vignette, information, etc.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), no broadcasting business entity shall announce its sponsors in any of the following cases: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 26422, Jul. 20, 2015>
1. Where a political party or an organization speaking for the political interests sponsors;
2. Where a person who manufactures or sells products, or provides services, airing the commercial of which is prohibited pursuant to other statutes or the Review Regulations, sponsors. Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply the following cases:
(a) Where a public institution referred to in Article 4 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions or a public interest corporation defined under Article 2 of the Act on the Establishment and Operation of Public Interest Corporations sponsors a public interest campaign or a public interest event referred to in paragraph (1) 1 or 2, and only the title of the sponsor appears in the announcement of sponsors;
(b) Where a person who manufactures or sells products, or provides services, airing the commercial of which is prohibited pursuant to other statues or the Review Regulations, manufactures or sells products, or provides services, the commercial of which is permitted, and only the title of products or services, the commercial of which is permitted, appears in the announcement of sponsors;
3. Where a person sponsors current events, news reporting, commentaries, or programs for discussion on current topics of the terrestrial broadcasting business entity (excluding radio programs produced overseas covering a foreign country by a terrestrial broadcasting business entity having the Special Metropolitan City as its broadcast area, and programs produced overseas covering a foreign country by a terrestrial broadcasting business entity not having the Special Metropolitan City as its broadcast area).
 Article 60-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 22550, Dec. 27, 2010>
 Article 60-3 (Prohibited Acts)
(1) "Percentage prescribed by Presidential Decree" provided for in Article 76-3 (1) 1 of the Act means a percentage prescribed and publicly announced by the Korea Communications Commission, which is at least 60 percent.
(2) Detailed types of and criteria for acts (hereinafter referred to as "prohibited acts") falling under any subparagraph of Article 76-3 (1) of the Act shall be as specified in attached Table 2-2.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016]
 Article 60-4 (Corrective Measures)
(1) The Korea Communications Commission may order the following corrective measures pursuant to Article 76-3 (2) of the Act, and concurrently impose them as necessary: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
1. Suspension of prohibited conduct;
2. Submission of improvement plans;
3. Other measures necessary for correction.
(2) The Korea Communications Commission shall, in cases where it orders a corrective measure referred to in paragraph (1), consult with the Fair Trade Commission in advance when an act subject to the corrective measure falls under Article 60-3 (1) 3. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008]
 Article 60-5 (Submission of Materials)
(1) The Korea Communications Commission may request broadcasting business entities, owners of the right to relay broadcasting, etc. to submit the following materials in accordance with Article 76-3 (3) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
1. Contracts (including side letters and preparatory documents of contracts);
2. Sale-related documents;
3. Materials on the circumstances of operation concerning the guarantee of the right to relay broadcasting;
4. Other documents relating to the contract of events, etc. of national interest.
(2) The Korea Communications Commission shall take due care to prevent the leakage of materials submitted pursuant to paragraph (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008]
 Article 60-6 (Giving Notice of Modified Terms and Conditions)
(1) Upon modification of the terms and conditions pursuant to Article 77 (1) of the Act (limited to modifications of the terms and conditions regarding channel numbers), a broadcasting business entity, CATV relay broadcasting business entity, or CATV music broadcasting business entity who provides pay television services shall give notice to users by at least two methods among the following: Provided, That the broadcasting business entity, CATV relay broadcasting business entity, or CATV music broadcasting business need not give notice when it provides broadcasting services by adding new channels:
1. Mail or facsimile;
2. Electronic mail;
3. Phone or mobile phone text messaging;
4. Posting on the Internet homepage;
5. Broadcasting subtitles.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014]
 Article 61 (Re-Transmission)
(1) Where a CATV broadcasting business entity, a CATV relay broadcasting business entity, and a satellite broadcasting business entity intends to obtain approval to simultaneously re-transmit the terrestrial broadcasts pursuant to Article 78 (4) of the Act, he/she file an application for approval to re-transmit broadcasts to another area, in the form prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT, that shall be accompanied by the following documents, with the Minister of Science and ICT: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. A copy of the re-transmission agreement;
2. A plan for re-transmission.
(2) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008>
(3) Upon receipt of an application for approval filed under paragraph (1), the Minister of Science and ICT shall examine the following matters, determine whether to grant approval, and notify the applicant of the result of such examination within 60 days from receipt of the application: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. A plan for promoting balanced development between the broadcasting media and making contributions to the development of the domestic broadcasting industry;
2. Guarantee of rights and interests of audiences;
3. Regional, social and cultural needs and validity;
4. Possibility of realizing the social responsibility, fairness and public interest;
5. The public benefit and diversity of broadcasting programs;
6. Matters concerning the technical reliability required for re-transmissions.
(4) Types of re-transmission provided for in Article 78 (6) of the Act shall be:
1. Simultaneous re-transmission; the simultaneous re-transmission of broadcasts without changing the broadcast programming after receiving such broadcasts;
2. Time-delayed re-transmission; the re-transmission of recorded sound or picture broadcasting programs without changing the broadcast programming, with a certain time difference after receiving the broadcasts.
(5) The Minister of Science and ICT shall consider opinions of interested persons in order to determine whether to grant approval for re-transmission referred to in paragraph (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(6) Where the Minister of Science and ICT grants approval for any time-delayed re-transmission referred to in paragraph (4) 2, it shall not approve the re-transmission within 24 hours from the time broadcasts are received. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002]
 Article 61-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016>
 Article 61-3 (Approval, etc. of Domestic Re-transmission of Foreign Broadcasting Business entities)
(1) Any of the following cases shall not be deemed re-transmission pursuant to the latter part of Article 78-2 (1) of the Act:
1. Cases of relay transmitting international events, cultural events or sports programs that a foreign business entity broadcasts by unit of broadcast program;
2. Cases of relay transmitting news reporting that a foreign broadcast business entity broadcasts by the unit of broadcast program: Provided, That cases of exceeding one hour per day shall be excluded;
3. Cases of relay transmitting broadcasts of a foreign broadcast business entity in a broadcast program in the form of file picture, quoting news reporting, etc.
(2) The scope and criteria of broadcast business entities to re-transmit broadcasts of a foreign broadcast business entity pursuant to Article 78-2 (7) of the Act are as mentioned in the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24763, Sep. 26, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. The scope of re-transmission:
(a) A terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcast business entity: Operating a channel for re-transmission of foreign broadcasts is prohibited;
(b) A cable television broadcasting business entity and a satellite broadcasting business entity: Within 20 percent of each of TV broadcasting channels, radio broadcasting channels and data broadcasting channels that they run; Provided, That it shall be within 30 percent of each of broadcasting zones, announced by the Minister of Science and ICT in consideration of the residence ratio of foreigners and the demand of foreign broadcasting channels, etc.;
2. Criteria of re-transmission:
(a) Re-transmission of not less than two foreign broadcasting channels in one channel shall not be permitted;
(b) Broadcasts of foreign broadcast business entities shall be re-transmitted without insertion of broadcasting advertisements, dubbing in Korean, change of broadcasting schedule, etc.;
(c) Where a foreign broadcast business entity goes beyond the scope approved pursuant to Article 78-2 (1) of the Act, inserting broadcasting advertisements, adding changes such as dubbing in Korean, etc., or broadcasts in infringement of the conditions of approval, such broadcast shall not be re-transmitted. In such cases, the broadcast of Korean titles shall not be considered as addition of change.
(3) Where a foreign broadcast business entity intends to obtain authorization for re-transmission pursuant to Article 78-2 (1) of the Act, he/she shall submit an application to the Minister of Science and ICT, accompanied by the following documents: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. History, details of principal business, and materials showing the grounds of incorporation;
2. Broadcasting fields and major contents of broadcast programming;
3. Plan on contribution for the domestic broadcasting industry, such as exchanges and cooperation;
4. Technical matters concerning re-transmission paths, etc;
5. Matters concerning domestic branch office, domestic office or domestic agents (including documents enabling confirmation of the relations of rights and obligations);
6. Documents stating subscription fees resulting from re-transmission (only for cases of receiving subscription fees).
(4) The Minister of Science and ICT shall, when it has received an application for authorization as referred to in paragraph (3), examine the matters in the subparagraphs of Article 78-2 (2) of the Act comprehensively to determine whether or not to grant authorization and notify the applicant of the result thereof within 60 days from the date of receipt. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) Where the Minister of Science and ICT revokes the authorization granted pursuant to Article 78-2 (5) of the Act, it shall notify the relevant foreign broadcast business entity of such fact in writing, indicating the grounds for the revocation of authorization. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(6) The Minister of Science and ICT shall, where it grants authorization pursuant to paragraph (4) or revokes authorization pursuant to paragraph (5), publish such fact. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008]
 Article 62 (Completion Inspection, etc. of Cable TV Broadcasting Station Facilities)
(1) "Deadline as prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 79 (2) and (4) of the Act is a date when one year has elapsed since the date when the license or authorization is obtained or the registration is filed for a cable television broadcasting business, a relay cable broadcasting business or a cable television music broadcasting business.
(2) A cable television broadcasting business entity, a relay cable broadcasting business entity or a cable television music broadcasting business entity shall, in cases where he/she intends to undergo a completion inspection upon the installation of cable television broadcasting station facilities under Article 79 (2) of the Act, submit a written application to the Minister of Science and ICT for completion inspection within seven days after the date when the installation construction or modified construction is completed. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The Minister of Science and ICT shall, upon receipt of an application under paragraph (1), examine whether an installation of the cable television broadcasting station facilities is completed according to the facilities installation plans, and whether it conforms to technological standards under Article 79 (1) of the Act within 60 days, and deliver a certificate for the completion inspection to successful applicants. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
(5) A cable television broadcasting business entity, a relay cable broadcasting business entity or a cable television music broadcasting business entity may, where he/she is unable to install the cable television broadcasting station facilities by the deadline under paragraph (1) due to extenuating circumstances under Article 79 (4) of the Act, apply to the Minister of Science and ICT for an extension of the deadline within the limit of six months from the date when such circumstances cease to exist. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(6) Matters necessary for procedures for, and methods of the completion inspection and other matters shall be determined by a public notice made by the Ministry of Science and ICT. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 63 (Verification of Conformity of Signal Transmission and Line Facilities)
Matters necessary for verification, etc. of whether signal transmission and line facilities under Article 80 of the Act are in conformity with the technological standards shall be determined by a public notice made by the Ministry of Science and ICT. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 63-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
 Article 63-3 (Sales Proceeds, etc. Related to Prohibited Acts)
(1) "Sales proceeds as prescribed by Presidential Decree " in the main sentence of Article 85-2 (3) of the Act refers to an amount calculated according to the following classification as sales proceeds (hereinafter referred to as "related sales proceeds") accrued from a service related to the relevant prohibited act (hereinafter referred to as "related service"), if a broadcasting business entity, relay cable broadcasting business entity, cable television music broadcasting business entity, electric sign board broadcasting business entity, or a signal transmission network business entity engages in, or cause any other person to engage in, an act falling under any of the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) of the same Act (hereinafter referred to as "prohibited act"):
1. Where the broadcasting business entity, etc. commences its business prior to the first day of the business year to which the date the broadcasting business entity, etc. or such other person stops engaging in the relevant prohibited act belongs: Average annual sales proceeds for the immediately preceding three years (if three years have not passed from the date of the commencement of business as of the first day of the relevant business year, the amount obtained by converting the sales proceeds from the date of commencement of such business to the end of the immediately preceding business year into the average annual sales proceeds);
2. Where the broadcasting business entity, etc. commences its business in the business year to which the date the broadcasting business entity, etc. or such other person stops engaging in the relevant prohibited act belongs: The amount obtained by converting the sales proceeds from the date of commencement of business to the date on which the broadcasting business entity, etc. or such other person stops engaging in the relevant prohibited act into the annual sales proceeds.
(2) "Where no sales proceeds accrue to the broadcasting business entity, etc. or it is hard to calculate the sales proceeds as prescribed by Presidential Decree" in the proviso to Article 85-2 (3) of the Act refers to any of the following cases:
1. Where the broadcasting business entity, etc. has no records of business performance because of its non-commencement of business, suspension of business, etc.;
2. Where it is hard to make an objective calculation of the sales proceeds, including where reasonable estimation of the sales proceeds is not possible, even though the Korea Communications Commission takes overall account of the financial state of the relevant broadcasting business entity, etc. and other data necessary for calculating the sales proceeds.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan. 13, 2012]
 Article 63-4 (Submission of Data)
(1) The Korea Communications Commission may request a broadcasting business entity, etc. to submit books, documents, electronic files, voice recordings, video materials, etc. regarding its duties or business conditions pursuant to Article 85-2 (4) of the Act.
(2) When the Korea Communications Commission requests submission of materials pursuant to paragraph (1), it shall provide written notice to the relevant broadcasting business entity, etc. of the following:
1. Name and number of the case involving the prohibited practices;
2. Person to submit materials;
3. Documents, articles, and other materials for submission;
4. Time limit and venue for submission;
5. Method of submission;
6. Punishment for failure to comply with the request for submission of materials.
(3) A broadcasting business entity, etc. in receipt of a request for submission of materials pursuant to paragraph (1) shall submit the relevant materials to the Korea Communications Commission by the time limit set forth in paragraph (2) 4: Provided, That the Korea Communications Commission may extend the time limit one time only, indicating the scheduled submission date, if it deems that there exists any ground for the extension due to unavoidable reasons.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan. 13, 2012]
 Article 63-5 (Types of and Criteria for Prohibited Acts)
Detailed types of and criteria for prohibited acts provided in Article 85-2 (5) of the Act shall be as specified in attached Table 2-3. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan. 13, 2012]
CHAPTER VI PROTECTION OF RIGHTS AND INTERESTS OF AUDIENCES
 Article 64 (Organization and Operation of Audiences' Committee)
(1) The audiences' committee under Article 87 of the Act shall be comprised of at least 10 but less than 15 members.
(2) The audiences' committee shall have one chairperson and one vice chairperson, who shall be elected by mutual vote among the committee members.
(3) Meetings of the audiences' committee shall be convened by the chairperson; a regular meeting shall be convened at least once each month, and an extraordinary meeting shall be convened if the chairperson deems it necessary, if at least 1/3 of registered members request it, or if the broadcasting business entity requests it.
(4) The audiences' committee shall pass resolutions with the attendance of a majority of registered members, and the approval of a majority of the attending members.
(5) The broadcasting business entity who has established the audiences' committee shall, where any measures are necessary with regard to the results of a review by the audiences' committee, report the plans for their settlement and the results thereof to the audiences' committee within one month after the conclusion of the meeting, and report the monthly operational records of the audiences' committee to the Korea Communications Commission by the 20th day of the following month. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 65 (Disclosure of Information)
(1) A viewer who intends to request a broadcasting business entity which falls under any subparagraph of paragraph (1) of the Act (excluding the broadcasting business entities which intend to be governed by the Official Information Disclosure Act; hereafter referred to as "broadcasting business entity obliged to disclose information" in this Article) to disclose information pursuant to Article 90 (5) of the Act shall submit an application for disclosure of information stating the following matters to the broadcasting business entity obliged to disclose information: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 25532, Aug. 6, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28281, Sep. 5, 2017>
1. Name, date of birth, and address of the applicant;
2. Details of information requested for disclosure, and use of such information.
(2) If an application for disclosure of information is made under paragraph (1), a broadcasting business entity obliged to disclose information shall decide upon whether to disclose the relevant information within ten days of receipt of the application, and notify the applicant of the decision. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 28281, Sep. 5, 2017>
(3) If a broadcasting business entity obliged to disclose information is unable to decide upon whether to disclose the information within the period specified in paragraph (2) due to any unavoidable cause, the broadcasting business entity obliged to disclose information may extend the period for decision by up to ten days, counting from the day following expiration of such period. In such cases, the broadcasting business entity obliged to disclose information shall immediately give written notice of an extension and the grounds therefor to the applicant. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 28281, Sep. 5, 2017>
(4) If the information about broadcasting business requested by the applicant is the information subject to non-disclosure under Article 9 (1) of the Official Information Disclosure Act, the broadcasting business entity obliged to disclose information need not disclose such information. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18493, Jul. 29, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 28281, Sep. 5, 2017>
(5) Except as provided for in paragraphs (1) through (4), matters necessary for procedures and methods for disclosure of information, etc., shall be determined by the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 28281, Sep. 5, 2017>
 Article 65-2 (Community Media Foundation)
“Other projects for facilitating viewers’ participation in broadcasting and for promoting their rights and benefits” in Article 90-2 (4) 4 of the Act means: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014>
1. A project for facilitating participation of persons with disabilities in broadcasting, and for promoting their rights and benefits, such as supporting a broadcasting business entity in producing broadcasting for persons with disabilities, developing technology and training human resources related to the production of broadcasting for persons with disabilities;
2. Research and investigations on an environment of access to, and use of, the media by the underprivileged, and development of technologies for improving an environment of access to the media by the underprivileged, and support therefor;
3. Support for collection, utilization and distribution of broadcast programs produced by viewers, and research and investigations, and training human resources related to media education, and other projects for facilitating viewers’ participation in broadcasting and for promoting their rights and benefits.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012]
CHAPTER VI-II RESOLUTION OF BROADCASTING DISPUTES
 Article 65-3 (Initiation of Conciliation)
(1) Where a business entity under Article 35-3 (1) of the Act intends to file an application for conciliation with the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee, he/she shall submit an application for conciliation stating the following to the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
1. An applicant and a disputing party;
2. Purpose of filing an application for conciliation of a dispute and grounds for filling such application.
(2) An application for conciliation under paragraph (1) shall be accompanied by the following documents:
1. Documents that prove the cause and fact of filing an application for conciliation;
2. Other documents or data necessary to conciliate the dispute.
(3) Where the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee receives an application for conciliation under paragraph (1) from an applicant, it shall immediately notify a disputing party of the details thereof.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016]
 Article 65-4 (Refusal of Conciliation)
"Cases prescribed by Presidential Decree" provided for in Article 91-3 (1) 5 of the Act means any of the following cases:
1. Where a person who has no direct interest in the relevant matters to be conciliated files an application for conciliation;
2. Where a suit for the relevant matters to be conciliated is filed in a court;
3. Where the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee deems that it is inappropriate for the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee to conciliate a dispute due to the characteristics of the dispute.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016]
 Article 65-5 (Procedures for Conciliation)
(1) Where the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee discovers that related documents, etc. were omitted after verifying items mentioned in an application for conciliation and attached documents, and it is necessary to supplement the application for conciliation and attached documents, it may request an applicant to supplement them for a considerable period fixed. In such cases, the period required to supplement them shall not be included in the period under Article 91-4 (3) of the Act.
(2) Where a number of persons jointly file an application for conciliation of a dispute, the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee may recommend applicants to select one person from among them as a representative.
(3) Where a party to conciliation of a dispute files a suit for a dispute subject to the relevant conciliation or learns that a suit was filed while procedures for conciliation are being followed, he/she shall immediately notify the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee of the fact.
(4) Procedures for conciliation and the result of conciliation of the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee shall not be disclosed: Provided, That where the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee deems it necessary, the result of conciliation may be disclosed entirely or partially.
(5) In addition to matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (4), necessary matters concerning procedures, methods, etc. for conciliation of the Broadcasting Dispute Conciliation Committee shall be prescribed by the Rules of the Korea Communications Commission.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016]
CHAPTER VII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 66 (Joint Use of Broadcasting Facilities, etc.)
The Minister of Science and ICT may, if it is deemed necessary for the efficient utilization of broadcasting facilities under Article 92 (3) of the Act, recommend to the broadcasting business entities, etc. that the broadcasting facilities, such as signal transmission facilities, etc. and the land and buildings, etc. appurtenant thereto are jointly constructed and used by them. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 66-2 (Publication of Financial Position)
(1) "Business entities prescribed by Presidential Decree" provided for in the proviso to Article 98-2 (1) of the Act means any of the following business entities:
1. A program-providing business entity registered pursuant to the main sentence of Article 9 (5) of the Act;
2. An Internet multimedia broadcasting content business entity reported or registered pursuant to the main sentence of Article 18 (2) of the Internet Multimedia Broadcast Services Act.
(2) Broadcasting business entities and Internet multimedia broadcasting business entities (excluding business entities under the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) of this Article; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) under subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Internet Multimedia Broadcast Services Act shall submit the following data concerning financial position to the Korea Communications Commission within three months after each business year ends pursuant to the main sentence of Article 98-2 (1) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
1. A statement of financial position, a profit and loss statement, footnotes to financial statements, and other documents proving the aforesaid documents;
2. An auditor's report on financial statements for the immediately preceding business year prepared pursuant to the Act on External Audit of Stock Companies: Provided, That in case of a business entity who does not undergo audits conducted by an independent external auditor pursuant to the proviso to Article 2 of the aforesaid Act, a report on the examination of financial statements for the immediately preceding business year or a statement of tax adjustment under Article 60 (2) 2 of the Corporate Tax Act may replace the auditor's report.
(3) The Korea Communications Commission shall publish the financial position of broadcasting business entities and Internet multimedia broadcasting business entities under subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Internet Multimedia Broadcast Services Act for the immediately preceding business year on the website of the Korea Communications Commission by June 30 each year pursuant to Article 98-2 (2) of the Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016]
 Article 66-3 (Sanctions, etc.)
"Repeated violation of the Review Regulations for the same reason" in Article 100 (3) 3 of the Act means a violation of the same provision of the Review Regulations on at least three occasions within one year from the date on which any of the sanctions provided for in Article 100 (1) 1 through 3 of the Act is imposed.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007]
 Article 66-4 (Processing of Personally Identifiable Information)
(1) The Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission (including any person delegated or entrusted with the authority by the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission under Article 68) may, if it is unavoidable to conduct the following business affairs, handle information that contains resident registration numbers set forth in subparagraph 1 of Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25532, Aug. 6, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Business affairs related to the granting of a license to a terrestrial broadcasting business under Article 9 (1) of the Act;
2. Business affairs related to the granting of a license to a satellite broadcasting business, a cable television broadcasting business or relay cable broadcasting business under Article 9 (2) of the Act;
3. Business affairs related to the granting of approval to a relay cable broadcasting business under Article 9 (3) of the Act;
4. Business affairs related to the registration of a program-providing business, electric signboard broadcasting business or cable television music broadcasting business under the main sentence of Article 9 (5) of the Act;
5. Business affairs related to the granting of approval to a program-providing business engaged in general programming or specialized programming regarding news reporting or commodity presentation and sales under the proviso to Article 9 (5) of the Act;
6. Business affairs related to the granting of approval to a business conducting satellite broadcasts utilizing wireless facilities of a satellite of a foreign country under Article 9 (6) of the Act;
7. Business affairs related to the granting of approval to a program-providing business using a wireless station of a satellite of a foreign country under Article 9 (8) of the Act;
8. Business affairs related to the registration of a signal transmission network business under Article 9 (10) of the Act;
9. Business affairs related to the granting of a license to a community radio broadcasting business under Article 9 (11) of the Act;
10. Business affairs related to the granting of a license for modification or approval for modification to, or registration of modification in relation to a broadcasting business, relay cable broadcasting business, cable television music broadcasting business or electric sign board broadcasting business under Article 15 (1) of the Act;
11. Business affairs related to report on alteration by a broadcasting business, relay cable broadcasting business, cable television music broadcasting business, or electric signboard broadcasting business under Article 15 (2) and (3) of the Act;
12. Business affairs related to the granting of approval of, or report on, the largest investor, etc. for a broadcasting business or a relay cable broadcasting business under Article 15-2 (1) of the Act;
13. Business affairs related to the granting of a renewed license or approval to a broadcasting business or relay cable broadcasting business under Article 17 (1) and (2) of the Act;
14. Business affairs related to the imposition and collection of penalty surcharges pursuant to Article 109 of the Act.
(2) The System (including any person entrusted with the duty of the System pursuant to Article 67 (1) and (2)) of the Act may handle the data including resident registration numbers pursuant to subparagraph 1 of Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act, if it is inevitable to conduct following business affairs: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25532, Aug. 6, 2014>
1. Business affairs related to verification of grounds for disqualification of executives pursuant to Article 50 (6) of the Act;
2. Business affairs related to the exemption of registration of or reduction of the TV license fees of the TV set pursuant to the proviso of Article 64 of the Act;
3. Business affairs related to collection of license fees, etc. pursuant to Article 66 of the Act.
(3) Any pay broadcasting business entity or the Korean Association of ICT Promotion pursuant to Article 15 of the Framework Act on Broadcasting Communications Development may handle the data including resident registration numbers or alien registration numbers pursuant to subparagraphs 1 or 4 of Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act, if it is inevitable to conduct business affairs to prevent the following acts among the prohibited acts pursuant to Article 85-2 (1) 5 of the Act: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25532, Aug. 6, 2014>
1. Providing a broadcasting service without confirming the intention of subscribers;
2. Providing a broadcasting service in contravention of the terms and condition for use of the service (including the details regarding the refund of fees) reported or approved pursuant to Article 77 (1) of the Act.
(4)  No pay broadcasting business entity, CATV relay broadcasting business entity, CATV music broadcasting business entity or the Korean Association of ICT Promotion pursuant to Article 15 of the Framework Act on Broadcasting Communications Development may handle the data including resident registration numbers or alien registration numbers pursuant to subparagraphs 1 or 4 of Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act, if it is unavoidable to conduct business affairs related to the reduction of fees according to the terms and condition for use of the service (including the details regarding the refund of fees) reported or approved pursuant to Article 77 (1) of the Act. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25532, Aug. 6, 2014>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23488, Jan, 6, 2012]
 Article 67 (Fees)
(1) Fees to be paid under Article 102 of the Act shall be in accordance with the attached Table 3.
(2) Fees under paragraph (1) shall be paid by revenue stamps or postal transfers: Provided, That the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission may allow the persons concerned to pay such fees by means of electronic currency, electronic settlement, etc. using information and communications networks. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18312, Mar. 17, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 68 (Delegation or Entrustment of Authority)
(1) The Minister of Science and ICT shall delegate the authority for the following matters to the Director General of the Central Radio Management Service pursuant to Article 103 (1) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 18393, May 24, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20896, Jul. 3, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24763, Sep. 26, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Matters related to registration of signal transmission network business, revocation of such registration, and suspension of business under Articles 9 (10) and 18 (1) of the Act;
1-2. Matters related to the imposition of penalty surcharges, requests for submission of data, orders for improvement of equipment and hearings on signal transmission network business entities under Articles 19 (1), 98 (1), 99 (2), and 101 of the Act;
1-3. Matters related to corrective orders or orders to other necessary measures under Article 70-2 (2) of the Act;
2. Matters related to completion inspections and inspections for renewed licenses involving cable television broadcasting business entities under Article 79 (2) of the Act and Article 16 (5) of this Decree;
3. Matters related to verifications as to whether the signal transmission and line facilities of cable television broadcasting business entities, signal transmission network business entities or key telecommunication business entities comply with the technical standards under Article 80 of the Act;
3-2. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
3-3. Matters concerning the receipt of results of conducting broadcasts pursuant to Article 83 (1) of the Act;
4. Matters related to the imposition and collection of administrative fines under Article 108 (1) 4, 7-3, 15, 17, 18, and 25-2 of the Act: Provided, That matters provided for in Article 108 (1) 15 and 25-2 of the Act shall be limited to signal transmission network business entities.
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT shall entrust the following affairs to the Korea Communications Agency established under the Radio Waves Act pursuant to Article 103 (1) of the Act. In such cases, when the Korea Communications Agency has handled the entrusted affairs, it shall report the results thereof to the Director General of the Central Radio Management Service: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20896, Jul. 3, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Completion inspections and inspections for renewed licenses involving any cable television broadcasting business entity under the forepart and the latter part of Article 79 (2) of the Act and Article 16 (5) of this Decree;
2. Completion inspections involving cable television music broadcasting business entities under the forepart and the latter part of Article 79 (2) of the Act;
3. Verifications as to whether the signal transmission and line facilities of relay cable broadcasting business entities and cable television music broadcasting business entities comply with the technical standards under Article 80 of the Act;
4. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Korea Communications Commission shall entrust the following affairs to the Director General of the Central Radio Management Service pursuant to Article 103 (2) of the Act: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014>
1. Verifications as to compliance with the standards for classification of broadcast programs under Article 71 (1) through (4) of the Act and Article 57 (7) of this Decree;
2. Receipt of results of conducting broadcasts under Article 83 (1) of the Act;
3. Imposition and collection of administrative fines under Article 108 (1) 4, 8, 9, 17, and 18 of the Act.
(4) The Korea Communications Commission shall entrust affairs concerning the operation of the Community Media Foundation under Article 90-2 of the Act to the Korea Communications Agency established under the Radio Waves Act pursuant to Article 103 (2) of the Act. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016>
 Article 68 (Delegation or Entrustment of Authority)
(1) The Minister of Science and ICT shall delegate the authority for the following matters to the Director General of the Central Radio Management Service pursuant to Article 103 (1) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 18393, May 24, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20896, Jul. 3, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24763, Sep. 26, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Matters related to registration of signal transmission network business, revocation of such registration, and suspension of business under Articles 9 (10) and 18 (1) of the Act;
1-2. Matters related to the imposition of penalty surcharges, requests for submission of data, orders for improvement of equipment and hearings on signal transmission network business entities under Articles 19 (1), 98 (1), 99 (2), and 101 of the Act;
1-3. Matters related to corrective orders or orders to other necessary measures under Article 70-2 (2) of the Act;
2. Matters related to completion inspections and inspections for renewed licenses involving cable television broadcasting business entities under Article 79 (2) of the Act and Article 16 (5) of this Decree;
3. Matters related to verifications as to whether the signal transmission and line facilities of cable television broadcasting business entities, signal transmission network business entities or key telecommunication business entities comply with the technical standards under Article 80 of the Act;
3-2. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
3-3. Matters concerning the receipt of results of conducting broadcasts pursuant to Article 83 (1) of the Act;
4. Matters related to the imposition and collection of administrative fines under Article 108 (1) 4, 7-3, 15, 16, 17, 18, and 25-2 of the Act: Provided, That matters provided for in Article 108 (1) 15 and 25-2 of the Act shall be limited to signal transmission network business entities.
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT shall entrust the following affairs to the Korea Communications Agency established under the Radio Waves Act pursuant to Article 103 (1) of the Act. In such cases, when the Korea Communications Agency has handled the entrusted affairs, it shall report the results thereof to the Director General of the Central Radio Management Service: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002; Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007; Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20896, Jul. 3, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Completion inspections and inspections for renewed licenses involving any cable television broadcasting business entity under the forepart and the latter part of Article 79 (2) of the Act and Article 16 (5) of this Decree;
2. Completion inspections involving cable television music broadcasting business entities under the forepart and the latter part of Article 79 (2) of the Act;
3. Verifications as to whether the signal transmission and line facilities of relay cable broadcasting business entities and cable television music broadcasting business entities comply with the technical standards under Article 80 of the Act;
4. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Korea Communications Commission shall entrust the following affairs to the Director General of the Central Radio Management Service pursuant to Article 103 (2) of the Act: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014>
1. Verifications as to compliance with the standards for classification of broadcast programs under Article 71 (1) through (4) of the Act and Article 57 (7) of this Decree;
2. Receipt of results of conducting broadcasts under Article 83 (1) of the Act;
3. Imposition and collection of administrative fines under Article 108 (1) 4, 8, 9, 17, and 18 of the Act.
(4) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014> <<Enforcement Date: Unspecified>> Article 68 (4)
 Article 68-2 (Re-Examination of Regulation)
(1) The Korea Communications Commission shall examine the appropriateness of commercials under Article 59 every three years (before January 1 of every third year thereafter), counting from January 1, 2014 and shall take measures, such as making improvements.
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT shall examine the appropriateness of the amounts of fees and methods of payment thereof under Article 67 every three years (before January 1 of every third year thereafter), counting from January 1, 2014 and shall take measures, such as making improvements. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The Korea Communications Commission shall examine the appropriateness of the following matters every two years, counting from the following applicable base date (referring to the period that ends on the day before the base date of every second year) and shall take measures, such as making improvements: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25840, Dec. 9, 2014>
1. TV Sets exempt from registration under Article 39: January 1, 2015;
2. Exemption from, and reduction of, TV license fees under Articles 44 and 45: January 1, 2015.
(4) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 27751, Dec. 30, 2016>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25050, Dec. 30, 2013]
 Article 69 (Imposition of Administrative Fines)
The criteria for imposing administrative fines under Article 108 (1) of the Act shall be as shown in attached Table 4.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008]
 Article 70 (Criteria for Imposing Penalty Surcharges)
The criteria for imposing penalty surcharges under Articles 19 (1) and (2), 76-3 (4), 85-2 (3), and 100 (1) and (3) of the Act shall be as shown in attached Table 5. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan. 13, 2012]
 Article 71 (Imposition and Payment of Penalty Surcharges)
(1) The Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission shall, when it imposes a penalty surcharge under Articles 19 (1) and (2), 76-3 (4), 85-2 (3), and 100 (1) and (3) of the Act, issue a written notice of the payment thereof specifying the classification of violation involved, the amount of penalty surcharge, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan. 13, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
(3) Any person who has received a written notice under paragraph (1) shall, within 20 days after receipt thereof, pay the penalty surcharge imposed on him to a receiving agency designated by the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission: Provided, That when such payment cannot be made within the specified period due to natural disasters or other unavoidable grounds, it shall be made within seven days after such reason ceases to exist. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) A receiving agency which receives a penalty surcharge under paragraph (3) shall issue a receipt to the payer.
(5) If a receiving agency receives a penalty surcharge under paragraph (3), it shall, without delay, notify the Minister of Science and ICT or the Korea Communications Commission thereof. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
(6) Penalty surcharges shall not be paid in installments.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007]
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on March 13, 2000: Provided, That Article 57 (3) shall enter into force on January 1, 2002.
Article 2 (Repeal of other Statutes)
The following statutes are hereby repealed:
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Parties Subject to Relay Cable Broadcasting)
A relay cable broadcasting business entity may, notwithstanding Article 2, obtain approval of the Korean Broadcasting Commission and make a relay transmission of a satellite broadcast conducted by broadcasting business entities of foreign countries, during the deferment period of authorization for the relay cable broadcasting business under attached Table of Article 7 (2) of Addenda to the Act, within the limit of three channels.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Scope of Persons Specially Related)
A person who, under Article 3 (1) at the time this Decree enters into force, has come not to conform with Article 8 (2) through (8) of the Act and Article 4 of this Decree, shall make oneself conform with the same provisions by no later than December 31, 2001.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Application for License, etc.)
An application for a license, a renewed license or a modified permission under the previous provisions as at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered an application under this Decree.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Conversion of Public Service Funds into Broadcast Development Fund)
The definite scope of the public service funds that are considered as the Broadcast Development Fund under Article 6 (1) of Addenda to the Act shall be determined by the Korean Broadcasting Commission in consultation with the Korean Broadcasting Advertising Corporation.
Article 7 (Deferment Period for Collection of Fund from Satellite Broadcasting Business Entity)
Collection of the Broadcast Development Fund from a satellite broadcasting business entity under Article 10 of Addenda to the Act shall be deferred for three years from the date the satellite broadcasting business is commenced.
Article 8 (Transitional Measures concerning Criteria for Administrative Dispositions)
In the application of an administrative fine and other administrative dispositions against a violating conduct prior to the enforcement of this Act, the previous Enforcement Decree of the Composite Cable Broadcasting Act and the Enforcement Decree of the Management of Cable Broadcasting Act shall govern.
Article 9 Omitted.
Article 10 (Relation to Other Statutes)
If the previous Enforcement Decree of the Broadcasting Act, the Enforcement Decree of the Composite Cable Broadcasting Act, the Enforcement Decree of the Korean Broadcasting System Act, the Enforcement Decree of the Management of Cable Broadcasting Act or their provisions are cited by other statutes as at the time this Act enters into force, and where there are corresponding provisions in this Decree, this Decree or the corresponding provisions of this Decree shall be deemed to have been cited in substitution for the previous provisions.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 17137, Feb. 24, 2001>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 17156, Mar. 20, 2001>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 17819, Dec. 26, 2002>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Disposition of Administrative Fines) Any person for whom procedures are in progress for taking a disposition to levy an administrative fine on him at the time of enforcement of this Decree and any disposition of an administrative fine on any other person for his act uncovered prior to the enforcement of this Decree shall be governed by the previous provisions, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 68 (1) 13.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 17968, Apr. 17, 2003>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 17985, May 29, 2003>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation, but is applicable retroactively to May 10, 2003.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 18312, Mar. 17, 2004>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 18393, May 24, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 18493, Jul. 29, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 30, 2004. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 18548, Sep. 17, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of the proviso to Article 57 (3) shall enter into force on July 1, 2005.
Article 2 (Special Cases concerning Restrictions on Management of Radio Program Providing Business by Cable TV Broadcasting Business Entity)
If any specific cable television broadcasting business entity (including any specially related person) manages his radio program providing business in excess of 1/5 of the total number of radio programming providers at the time of enforcement of this Decree, he may continue to manage his radio program providing business that he manages at the time of enforcement of this Decree, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 4 (3) 1.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Scope of Specially Related Person)
Anyone who does not conform to the amended provisions of Article 8 (2) through (8) of the Act and Article 4 of this Decree in accordance with the amended provisions of Article 3 (1) at the time of enforcement of this Decree shall conform with the amended provisions by June 30, 2006. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Requirements for Having Offices by Programming Providers)
Any programming provider who does not conform to the amended provisions of Article 7-2 (1) 3 at the time of enforcement of this Decree shall bring him into in conformity with the same amended provisions within 6 months after the enforcement of this Decree.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Operation of Data Broadcasting Channels)
Every terrestrial mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity and every satellite mobile multimedia broadcasting business entity may not operate data broadcasting channels by December 31, 2006, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 53 (1) 1 (a) and 3 (a). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Standards for Taking Disposition to Impose and Collect Administrative Fines)
The standards for taking a disposition to impose and collect an administrative fine on the act of violation committed prior to the enforcement of this Decree shall be governed by the previous provisions.
Article 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19045, Sep. 14, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19390, Mar. 10, 2006>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Applicability to Disclosure of Information) The amended provisions of Article 65 shall be applicable from the first application for the disclosure of information after the enforcement of this Decree.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Collection of Local Business License Fees) The collection of a local business license fee to be paid by a cable television broadcasting business entity under Article 2 of the Addenda to the partially amended Broadcasting Act, Act No. 7498, shall be governed by the previous provisions of Article 13.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19806, Dec. 29, 2006>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2007.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20219, Aug. 7, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Term of Validity)
The amended provisions of Article 53 (2) 2 (e) and (f) shall remain in force until December 31, 2010.
Article 3 (Application Examples concerning Rate of Designing Audience Participation Programs)
The amended provisions of Article 52-2 shall apply on or after September 1, 2007.
Article 4 (Special Case for Selection and Operation of Public Channels)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 56-2, public channels in year 2007 shall be selected according to a schedule determined by the Korean Broadcasting Commission's regulations.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Restrictions on Management of Program Providing Business by Terrestrial Broadcasting Business Entity)
At the time this Decree enters into force, any terrestrial broadcasting business entity who fails to meet the requirements under the amended provisions of Article 4 (3) 1 shall meet such requirements within six months after this Decree enters into force.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Restrictions on Management of Radio Program Providing Business by Satellite Broadcasting Business Entity)
At the time this Decree enters into force, any specific satellite broadcasting business entity who carries on his business in excess of 1/5 of the number of all radio programming providers shall carry on radio program providing business within the scope not exceeding the number of radio programming providers managed by him at that time, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 4 (3) 2.
Article 7 (Transitional Measures concerning Scope of Incidental Programming by Broadcasting Business Entity Engaged in Specialized Programming)
At the time this Decree enters into force, any broadcasting business entity engaged in specialized programming shall meet the requirements under the amended provisions of Article 50 (5) within three months after the date this Decree enters into force.
Article 8 (Transitional Measures concerning Restrictions on Rental of Channels of Cable TV Broadcasting Business Entity or Satellite Broadcasting Business Entity)
At the time this Decree enters into force, any cable television broadcasting business entity or satellite broadcasting business entity who fails to meet the requirements under the amended provisions of Article 53 (2) 2 shall meet such requirements within six months after the date this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20323, Oct. 15, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 20649, Feb. 22, 2008>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20672, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20896, Jul. 3, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20947, Jul. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on February 4, 2009. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 28 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 21236, Dec. 31, 2008>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22002, Jan. 26, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Term of Validity of License and Approval)
The term of validity for license and approval of persons who received a license or approval for broadcasting business, etc. pursuant to the previous provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 16 (1), shall be governed by the previous provisions.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22075, Mar. 15, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on March 19, 2010. (Proviso Omitted.)
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22422, Oct. 1, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures following Entrustment of Authority)
Where the administrative fines under Article 108 (1) 4, 8, 9, 10, 17 and 18 of the Act are imposed as at the time this Act enters into force, the former provisions shall govern, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 68 (1) 4.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22550, Dec. 27, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 23087, Aug. 19, 2011>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23215, Oct. 10, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 23223, Oct. 14, 2011>
This Decree shall enter into force on October 15, 2011.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 23345, Dec. 2, 2011>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date the Free Trade Agreement between the Republic of Korea and the United States of America comes into effect.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23356, Dec. 8, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on December 8, 2011. (Proviso Omitted.)
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23488, Jan. 6, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23514, Jan. 13, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 15, 2012.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23644, Feb. 29, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23885, Jun. 27, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 1, 2012.
Articles 2 through 14 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23958, Jul. 17, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 18, 2012.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning New Programming of Domestically-Produced Animations)
The former provisions shall apply to the new programming of domestically-produced animations until December 31, 2012, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 57.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24012, Jul. 31, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24477, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 18, 2012.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning the Regulations of the Korea Communications Commission)
The regulations of the Korea Communications Commission stipulated pursuant to former provisions of Article 3 (4) 3 before this Decree enters into force shall be deemed the regulations of the Korea Communications Commission stipulated by consultation between the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning and the Korea Communications Commission pursuant to the amended provisions of Article 3 (4) 3.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24697, Aug. 27, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on August 29, 2013.
Articles 2 through 13 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24763, Sep. 26, 2013>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25050, Dec. 30, 2013>
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2014. (Proviso Omitted.)
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 25134, Feb. 5, 2014>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 25532, Aug. 6, 2014>
This Decree shall enter into force on August 7, 2014.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 25579, Aug. 27, 2014>
This Decree shall enter into force on August 29, 2014.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That, any amendment to the Presidential Decrees made under Article 5 of this Addenda, which were promulgated before this Decree enters into force, but the enforcement date of which has yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the date the corresponding Presidential Decree takes effect.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25768, Nov. 24, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on November 29, 2014: Provided, That, the amended Article 68 (4) shall enter into force on the date the establishment of the viewers’ media center is registered pursuant to Article 2 (3) of the Addenda of the partially amended Broadcasting Act (No. 12677).
Article 2 (Applicability to Programming Ratio of Broadcast Programs)
The amended subparagraphs of Article 50 (6) shall apply, beginning from the quarter in which the enforcement date of this Decree falls.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25815, Dec. 3, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on December 4, 2014.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25840, Dec. 9, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2015.
Articles 2 through 16 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 26422, Jul. 20, 2015>
This Decree shall enter into force two months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 26519, Sep. 11, 2015>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That, the amended Article 2 and subparagraph 6 of attached Table 4 shall enter into force on September 14, 2015; and the amended Article 4 (7) 3 and Articles 4-2 through 4-4 shall enter into force on September 23, 2015, respectively.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26659, Nov. 20, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 25, 2016. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26683, Nov. 30, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2016.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 26850, Dec. 31, 2015>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27113, Apr. 28, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on April 29, 2016. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 27182, May 27, 2016>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended Article 68 (1) 1-3 and 4 and attached Table 4 shall enter into force on May 29, 2016.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27246, Jun. 21, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on June 23, 2016: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 66-2 through 66-4 shall enter into force on the date of their promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27299, Jun. 30, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 1, 2016. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 15 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27323, Jul. 6, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 7, 2016.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 27396, Jul. 26, 2016>
This Decree shall enter into force on July 28, 2016.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27427, Aug. 2, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on August 4, 2016.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27751, Dec. 30, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2017. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28210, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 28281, Sep. 5, 2017>
This Decree shall enter into force on Sep. 15, 2017.