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DECREE ON THE APPOINTMENT OF PUBLIC OFFICIALS

Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 3877, Apr. 11, 1969

Amended by Presidential Decree No. 5449, Dec. 31, 1970

Presidential Decree No. 5606, Apr. 19, 1971

Presidential Decree No. 5870, Dec. 11, 1971

Presidential Decree No. 5942, Dec. 31, 1971

Presidential Decree No. 6258, jun. 28, 1972

Presidential Decree No. 6474, Jan. 25, 1973

Presidential Decree No. 6622, Apr. 9, 1973

Presidential Decree No. 6658, May 2, 1973

Presidential Decree No. 6692, May 22, 1973

Presidential Decree No. 7171, jun. 5, 1974

Presidential Decree No. 7278, Oct. 14, 1974

Presidential Decree No. 7428, Dec. 24, 1974

Presidential Decree No. 7786, Sep. 4, 1975

Presidential Decree No. 7940, Dec. 31, 1975

Presidential Decree No. 8146, jun. 4, 1976

Presidential Decree No. 8269, Nov. 5, 1976

Presidential Decree No. 8691, Sep. 14, 1977

Presidential Decree No. 8795, Dec. 30, 1977

Presidential Decree No. 8920, Apr. 6, 1978

Presidential Decree No. 9076, Jul. 1, 1978

Presidential Decree No. 9264, Dec. 30, 1978

Presidential Decree No. 9325, Feb. 14, 1979

Presidential Decree No. 9642, Oct. 13, 1979

Presidential Decree No. 10345, jun. 10, 1981

Presidential Decree No. 11024, Dec. 31, 1982

Presidential Decree No. 11105, Apr. 20, 1983

Presidential Decree No. 11455, jun. 29, 1984

Presidential Decree No. 11602, Dec. 31, 1984

Presidential Decree No. 11838, Dec. 31, 1985

Presidential Decree No. 12050, Dec. 31, 1986

Presidential Decree No. 12113, Apr. 1, 1987

Presidential Decree No. 12339, Dec. 31, 1987

Presidential Decree No. 12656, Mar. 27, 1989

Presidential Decree No. 12704, May 10, 1989

Presidential Decree No. 12733, jun. 17, 1989

Presidential Decree No. 12910, Jan. 30, 1990

Presidential Decree No. 13225, Dec. 31, 1990

Presidential Decree No. 13282, Feb. 1, 1991

Presidential Decree No. 13400, jun. 27, 1991

Presidential Decree No. 13413, Jul. 1, 1991

Presidential Decree No. 13615, Mar. 13, 1992

Presidential Decree No. 13767, Dec. 2, 1992

Presidential Decree No. 13976, Sep. 13, 1993

Presidential Decree No. 14102, Jan. 17, 1994

Presidential Decree No. 14499, Dec. 31, 1994

Presidential Decree No. 14653, May 29, 1995

Presidential Decree No. 14839, Dec. 22, 1995

Presidential Decree No. 15130, Jul. 31, 1996

Presidential Decree No. 15249, Dec. 31, 1996

Presidential Decree No. 15599, Dec. 31, 1997

Presidential Decree No. 15715, Feb. 28, 1998

Presidential Decree No. 15766, Apr. 1, 1998

Presidential Decree No. 16075, Dec. 31, 1998

Presidential Decree No. 16365, May 24, 1999

Presidential Decree No. 17108, Jan. 27, 2001

Presidential Decree No. 17115, Jan. 29, 2001

Presidential Decree No. 17116, Jan. 29, 2001

Presidential Decree No. 17420, Nov. 29, 2001

Presidential Decree No. 17517, Feb. 9, 2002

Presidential Decree No. 17663, Jul. 10, 2002

Presidential Decree No. 18232, Jan. 20, 2004

Presidential Decree No. 18416, jun. 11, 2004

Presidential Decree No. 18715, Feb. 25, 2005

Presidential Decree No. 18842, May 26, 2005

Presidential Decree No. 18965, Jul. 26, 2005

Presidential Decree No. 19109, Oct. 26, 2005

Presidential Decree No. 19187, Dec. 26, 2005

Presidential Decree No. 19251, Dec. 30, 2005

Presidential Decree No. 19431, Mar. 29, 2006

Presidential Decree No. 19515, jun. 12, 2006

Presidential Decree No. 19787, Dec. 29, 2006

Presidential Decree No. 20059, May 16, 2007

Presidential Decree No. 20604, Feb. 5, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 20710, Feb. 29, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 20888, jun. 27, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 21289, Feb. 3, 2009

Presidential Decree No. 21344, Mar. 12, 2009

Presidential Decree No. 21386, Mar. 31, 2009

Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009

Presidential Decree No. 22202, jun. 15, 2010

Presidential Decree No. 22373, Sep. 10, 2010

Presidential Decree No. 22617, Jan. 10, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 22834, Apr. 4, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23014, Jul. 4, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23118, Sep. 6, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23174, Sep. 29, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 23644, Feb. 29, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 23691, Mar. 30, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 24503, Apr. 22, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 25075, Jan. 10, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25415, jun. 30, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 26397, Jul. 13, 2015

Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015

Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015

Presidential Decree No. 26944, Feb. 3, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27256, jun. 24, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27787, Jan. 10, 2017

Presidential Decree No. 27822, Jan. 31, 2017

Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017

Presidential Decree No. 28220, Jul. 26, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Scope of Application)
(1) Except as otherwise provided for in other statutes, the appointment of public officials in career positions among State public officials belonging to the Executive Branch (hereinafter referred to as "public official") shall be governed by this Decree: Provided, That except as otherwise provided for in this Decree, Articles 11, 12, 12-2, 13, 13-2, 14, 15, 22, 22-2, 22-3, 29 through 34, 34-2, 34-3, 35, 35-2 through 35-4, 36, 40, 41, 41-2, 42, 42-2, 43-2, 43-3, 44, 45, 45-2, 46 through 48, 49-2, 49-3, 50, 51, 53 through 57, 57-6, 58 and 59 shall not apply to non-permanent public officials referred to in Article 26-5 of the State Public Officials Act (hereinafter referred to as "non-permanent public official"). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(2) Only Articles 4, 6, 7, 9 and 57-4 of this Decree shall apply to the appointment of public officials in non-career positions among public officials: Provided, That Article 57-4 shall not apply to public officials in political service.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Decree shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23014, Jul. 4, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25075, Jan. 10, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. The term "appointment" means new employment, promotion, change of position, change of placement, secondment, demotion, temporary retirement, suspension from position, suspension from a duty, degradation, reinstitution in service, and dismissal, release and removal from office;
2. The term "reinstatement" means having a public official who was unable to perform duties due to temporary retirement, suspension from position, suspension from a duty, or degradation return to the position;
3. The term "competent minister" provided for in Article 16 (2) of the State Public Officials Act (hereinafter referred to as the "Act") shall be as followings:
(a) Heads of a department, office, or agency which is a central administrative agency, the Chief of Staff of the Office of the President (including the Secretariats of the Office of National Security and the National Security Council), the Minister of the Presidential Security Service, the chairperson of the Board of Audit and Inspection of Korea, the chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea, the chairperson of the Korea Communications Commission, the chairperson of the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission, the minister of the Office for Government Coordination (including the Prime Minister's Secretarial), the chairperson of the Korea Fair Trade Commission, the chairperson of the Financial Services Commission, the chairperson of the Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission, and the secretary general of the Secretariat of the National Unification Advisory Council;
(b) The competent minister of public officials who work in Special Metropolitan Cities, Metropolitan Cities, Special Self-Governing Cities, Dos and Special Self-Governing Dos (hereinafter referred to as "City/Do") and Gus which are local autonomous entities (hereinafter referred to as "autonomous Gu"), Sis and Guns, shall be the Minister of the Interior and Safety, and the competent minister of public officials who work for the Offices of Education of Cities/Dos and institutions belonging thereto shall be the Minister of Education;
(c) The competent minister of public officials in research service and extension service who engage in agricultural community development business in Cities/Dos and autonomous Sis/Guns/Gus shall be the administrator of the Rural Development Administration;
(d) Competent ministers of agencies not belonging to the agencies provided for in items (a) through (c) shall be the persons in the following classifications, except as otherwise provided for in Acts. In such cases, where any person classified in the below appoints a public official, he/she shall consult with the head of the relevant agency in advance:
(i) The head of any agency designated by the Minister of Personnel Management among the agencies prescribed in item (a) by recognizing that it is related to duties of the relevant agency;
(ii) Where no person is designated by the Minister of Personnel Management prescribed in sub-item (i), the Minister of Personnel Management;
4. The term "posthumous honors" means appointing a dead person to a higher class than the class at the time of death or to a position in the senior civil service;
5. The term "research job series" prescribed in Articles 4 (2) and 28 (2) 9 of the Act and in this Decree means the job series prescribed in subparagraph 1 of Annex I of the Regulations on the Appointment, etc. of Public Officials in Research Service and Extension Service (hereinafter referred to as the "Regulations for Research Service and Extension Service"), and the term "technical job series" means the job series of the technical job group prescribed in Annex I of this Decree and the job series prescribed in subparagraph 2 of Annex I of the Regulations for Research Service and Extension Service;
6. The term "temporary retirement for nongovernmental service" means that a public official goes on temporary retirement to temporarily work for a private enterprise, etc. referred to in Article 50 in order to seek the promotion of mutual understanding and development between the private sector and the Government by enabling the public official to acquire methods of conducting business, methods of business management, etc. from the private sector and in turn, enabling the private sector to utilize the professional knowledge and experience of the public official;
7. The term "compulsory period of assignment to a position" means a minimum period during which a public official must perform a duty in the position before he/she is transferred to another position.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 3 (Classification of Job Classes etc. of Public Officials)
(1) Names of job groups, job series, sub-job series and job classes of public officials in general service whose classes are classified into job classes prescribed in Article 4 (1) of the Act are as shown in Annex I.
(2) Except for those provided for in this Decree, names, appointment, etc. of job groups, job series, sub-job series, job classes and job positions of public officials in general service to which the classification of classes or the classification of job groups and job series referred to in paragraph (1) may not apply under Article 4 (2) 1 through 3 of the Act, shall be separately prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(3) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(4) Of the public officials in general service who are not subject to the classification of classes referred to in paragraph (1) pursuant to Article 4 (2) 3 of the Act, public officials in postal service shall be classified into postal classes I through IX; and the functional category, functional subcategory, and class of the public officials of the postal job group (hereinafter referred to as "public official in postal service") shall be as specified in Annex II. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27787, Jan. 10, 2017>
(5) Postal classes I and II shall be equivalent to class V of general service, postal classes III, IV, V and VI to class VI of general service, postal class VII to class VII of general service, postal class VIII class VIII of general service and postal class IX class IX of general service. In such cases, except for cases provided for in this Decree, if a class is cited, it shall be construed to include public officials in postal service of equivalent class. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 3-2 (Types of Non-Permanent Public Officials)
Types of non-permanent public officials shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26397, Jul. 13, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
1. A non-permanent public official in general service: A non-permanent public official appointed to a position which falls into the prescribed number of public officials in career positions provided for in statutes, such as the rules of the organization;
2. A non-permanent public official in professional service: A public official who is appointed to perform duties which require professional knowledge, skills, etc. in a specific area;
3. A flexible-time non-permanent public official: A non-permanent public official in general service (hereinafter referred to as "flexible-time non-permanent public official in general service") or a non-permanent public official in professional service (hereinafter referred to as "flexible-time non-permanent public official in professional service") who is appointed as a public official to work less (referring to working hours a person with the authority of appointment or a person with the authority to recommend appointments determines within the scope not less than 15 hours and not more than 35 per week; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) than the ordinary working hours prescribed in Article 26-2 of the Act;
4. A non-permanent public official in temporary service: A non-permanent public official who works less than the ordinary working hours pursuant to Article 26-2 of the Act, who is a public official appointed for a period of not more than one year and six months to perform the duties of any of the following public officials on his/her behalf:
(a) A public official who temporarily retires from office pursuant to Article 71 (1) and (2) of the Act;
(b) A public official who takes sick leave for at least 30 days pursuant to Article 18 (1) or (2) of the State Public Officials Service Regulations;
(c) A public official who takes a special vacation for at least 30 days pursuant to Article 20 (2) or (10) of the State Public Officials Service Regulations;
(d) A public official designated to work less than ordinary working hours (hereinafter referred to as "public official converted to flextime") pursuant to Article 57-3 (1). In such cases, duties a public official converted to flextime performs on behalf of another public official shall be limited to duties performed during other than the working hours of the public official converted to flextime.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013]
 Article 3-3 (Appointment of Flexible-Time Permanent Public Officials)
(1) A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointments may newly employ public officials in general service (excluding non-permanent public officials) to work less hours than the ordinary working hours under Article 26-2 of the Act.
(2) Notwithstanding Article 9 of the State Public Officials Service Regulations, the weekly working hours of public officials employed under paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as "flexible-time permanent public official") shall be 20 hours: Provided, That the person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointments may, if necessary for the operation of the agency, adjust such hours within the scope of five hours.
(3) In the case of appointing a flexible-time permanent public official as a public official to work for the ordinary working hours, no priority right shall be approved.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013]
 Article 4 (Appointment of Foreigners and Persons with Plural Nationalities)
(1) A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointments may employ foreigners as officials of professional career referred to in Article 2 of the Regulations for Officials of Professional Career (hereinafter referred to as "official of professional career"), non-permanent public officials or public officials in non-career positions under Article 26-3 (1) of the Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(2) A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointment may restrict the appointment of persons with plural nationalities with respect to the following areas of duties among the duties under the jurisdiction of each agency which are prescribed by statutes, under Article 26-3 (2) of the Act:
1. Areas concerning information, security and confidential matters relating to the national security, and criminal investigation;
2. Areas concerning assistance to and security of important state figures who conduct state affairs, such as the President and Prime Minister;
3. Areas concerning diplomatic relations, trade negotiations and international treaties;
4. Areas concerning dialogue, exchange, cooperation and unification between the South and the North;
5. Areas concerning prosecution, corrections and immigration control;
6. Areas concerning military affairs, military orders, acquisition of weapon system, improvement of defense capacity and other military affairs;
7. Areas concerning the protection of lives, bodies and property of the people, protection of business secrets and new technology of enterprises, major economic and financial policies and operation of budgets;
8. Areas determined by competent ministers with the recognition that they are not suitable areas in which persons with plural nationalities conduct duties, as areas which may inflect a significant impact on the national security and interest due to the characteristics of duties, such as access to security facilities and zones, and handling of confidential documents and material.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23118, Sep. 6, 2011]
 Article 4-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 18416, Jun. 11, 2004>
 Article 5 (Delegation of Authority for Appointment)
(1) Under Article 32 (3) of the Act, the President shall vest competent ministers with the authority to appoint public officials of classes III through V (including non-permanent public officials in professional service and flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service who are equivalent thereto). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
(2) A competent minister may vest heads of agencies under his/her control (including heads of universities, superintendents of Offices of Education of Cities/Dos, heads of prosecutors' offices, chief prosecutors of high prosecutors' offices and district and branch prosecutors' offices, and permanent members of the Personal Information Protection Commission), which are headed by public officials belonging to the senior civil service or above (hereinafter referred to as "high-ranking official") with the authority to change the placement of public officials of classes IV and V (including non-permanent public officials in professional service and flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service who are equivalent thereto) and authority to appoint public officials of class VI or below (including non-permanent public officials in professional service, flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service and non-permanent public officials in temporary service who are equivalent thereto) who belong to the agencies under control. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 23174, Sep. 29, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
(3) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 19515, Jun. 12, 2006>
(4) The competent minister and the person vested with the authority for appointment under paragraph (2) may vest heads of agencies under control which are headed by public officials of class IV or above or by high-ranking officials with the authority to appoint public officials of class VI or below who belong to such agencies under control (including non-permanent public officials in professional service, flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service and non-permanent public officials in temporary service who are equivalent thereto) and vest heads of agencies under control which are headed by public officials of class V (including deans of universities) with the authority to change the placement of public officials of classes VI and VII of such agencies under control (including non-permanent public officials in professional service, flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service and non-permanent public officials in temporary service who are equivalent thereto) and the authority to appoint public officials of class VIII or below (including non-permanent public officials in professional service, flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service and non-permanent public officials in temporary service who are equivalent thereto). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
(5) Notwithstanding paragraphs (2) and (4), a competent minister may vest the head of each agency (if the relevant agency is an entity comprised of plural number of members and of which person representing the entity is not a public official, referring to the public official holding the authority to administer or supervise the administrative affairs of the entity; hereinafter the same shall apply) with the authority to appoint non-permanent public officials not belonging to the senior civil service of such agency. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(6) A competent minister may vest heads of agencies under control which are headed by senior research officials or senior technical advisory officials referred to in Article 3 of the Regulations for Research Service and Extension Service with the authority to appoint public officials of the agencies under control referred to in paragraphs (2) through (4). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(7) A competent minister who has agencies of work-site operation under his/her control may vest auxiliary agencies in which high-ranking official are placed with the authority to change the placement of public officials of class V or below (including non-permanent public officials in professional service, flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service and non-permanent public officials in temporary service who are equivalent thereto) of the agencies of work-site operation which are under the command and supervision of the auxiliary agencies in matters concerning duties. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
(8) A competent minister may vest auxiliary agencies (including assisting agencies and temporary agencies which are equivalent thereto) in which high-ranking officials are placed with the authority to change the placement of public officials of classes IV and V or below who belong to the auxiliary agencies (including non-permanent public officials in professional service, flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service and non-permanent public officials in temporary service who are equivalent thereto). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
(9) In the case of adjusting a prescribed number of staff, or exchanging personnel between competent ministers, between agencies under control, between auxiliary agencies, and between auxiliary agency and agency under control, or promoting public officials belonging to job series which are determined as job series of small staff by competent ministers, the President, the competent ministers or heads of superior agencies under control may exercise the authority for appointment, notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (8). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12656, Mar. 27, 1989]
 Article 5-2 (Advance Release of Personnel Management Principles)
A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointment shall determine and notify, in advance, public officials under his/her control of personnel management principles and standards, and shall, when conducting a regular reshuffle or a large-scale reshuffle equivalent thereto, notify public officials under control of detailed standards, etc. for the relevant reshuffle no later than one month prior to the reshuffle in principle.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 6 (Time of Appointment)
(1) A public official shall be considered to be appointed on the date of the warrant of appointment or notice of appointment: Provided, That dismissal arising from death shall be considered to be dismissal on the date following the date of death.
(2) An appointment shall be announced in a way that enables the warrant of appointment or notice of appointment to arrive to the person to be appointed by the date of appointment.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 7 (Prohibition of Retrospective Application of Dates of Appointment)
No date of appointment shall apply retrospectively unless the appointment of public officials falls under any of the following cases:
1. Conference of posthumous honors by taking the date preceding the date of death as the date of appointment when a person who has achieved particularly significant merits while in office is dead on official duty;
2. Dismissal by taking the date on which the period of temporary retirement terminates or the date on which the grounds of temporary retirement disappear as the date of appointment in the case of dismissal by virtue of authority under Article 70 (1) 4 of the Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 8 (Formulation, etc. of Plans for Personnel Management of Public Officials under Control)
(1) For the efficient management of human resources necessary for the achievement of objectives of the organization, a competent minister shall formulate personnel management plans including employment, promotion, placement, career development, etc. of public officials under control.
(2) The Minister of Personnel Management may, where necessary for a balanced personnel operation and efficient utilization of personnel of each agency may have the whole or part of personnel management plans referred to in paragraph (1) submitted and support, adjust and evaluate such plans. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(3) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine procedures, methods and details of personnel management plans and other matters necessary for the operation, etc. of personnel management plans other than the matters provided for in paragraphs (1) and (2). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 8-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 10345, Jun. 10, 1981>
 Article 9 (Timely Filling of Vacancies)
A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointment shall take necessary measures to fill any vacancies arising on the relevant agency without delay.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 10 (Preferential Appointment of Successful Applicants in Open Competitive Examinations)
In the case of appointing a successful applicant in an open competitive recruitment examination or open competitive promotion examination, the Minister of Personnel Management or the head of each agency to whom such person is recommended shall appoint the person who has passed such examination by means of open competition in preference to persons for whom other methods of filling vacancies are used. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 10-2 (Reflection of Records of Education and Training in Personnel Management)
The records of education and training of public officials shall be reflected in personnel management, such as promotion, appointment, and transfer to another position, pursuant to Article 50 (4) of the Act, as prescribed by the Enforcement Decree of the Act on the Capacity Development of Public Officials. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26944, Feb. 3, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 10-3 (Conduct and Utilization of Capability Evaluation)
(1) A competent minister may establish abilities and qualities required for public officials under his/her control to successfully conduct their duties (hereinafter referred to as "capability") and evaluate the public officials under control (hereinafter referred to as "capability evaluation") based thereon, in order to utilize such evaluation results in personnel management in terms of promotion, management of placement, etc.: Provided, That he/she shall appoint heads of divisions of agencies in subparagraph 3 (a) of Article 2 and auxiliary or assisting agencies equivalent thereto (referring to positions of class equivalent to class III or IV; hereinafter referred to as "position of division head's class") with persons who has passed such capability evaluation.
(2) A capability evaluation referred to in the proviso to paragraph (1) shall be conducted for persons to be newly employed for a position of division head's class or persons whose placement is changed or persons to be promoted before the new employment, change of placement or promotion: Provided That no capability evaluation may be conducted in any of the following cases: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017; Presidential Decree No. 28220, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Appointing a non-permanent public official or a public official in extraordinary civil service to the position of secretary, policy advisor to ministers prescribed in Regulations on Establishment and Operation of Office of Policy Advisor, contingency plan officer or to a position relating to the duty of security of the Presidential Security Service, and positions equivalent thereto;
2. Appointing a person who has held office as a State public official to a position of division head's class or to a position equivalent thereto (excluding the positions in subparagraph 1);
3. Appointing as a public official in special service referred to in Article 2 (2) 2 of the Act;
4. Other cases the Minister of Personnel Management particularly determines, such as the case where there are grounds to believe that a person already has the capabilities as a public official of division head's class.
(3) Where it is intended to appoint a person who is appointed to a position of division head's class without undergoing a capability evaluation under paragraph (2) to a position of division head's class for which a capability evaluation must be conducted, the capability evaluation shall be conducted.
(4) Where a competent minister conducts a capability evaluation, he/she shall have not less than three items of capability evaluation the Minister of Personnel Management determines included in the items of capability evaluation required for the public officials under control: Provided, That the same shall not apply to cases where he/she consults with the Minister of Personnel Management in advance. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(5) A capability evaluation shall be conducted by the method of giving points to each item of capability evaluation with a perfect point of 5, on condition that the ranges of evaluation points shall be divided into excellent grade, excellent grade, average grade, insufficient grade and very insufficient grade, and the standards for determining passing a capability evaluation shall be as follows::
1. Where a person subject to evaluation obtains an average point of "average" grade or above (referring to not less than the average point of 2.5 points);
2. Where a person subject to evaluation obtains an average point of not less than 2.3 points and obtains not less than three points in 1/3 of items of capability evaluation.
(6) A person who fails to pass a capability evaluation may undergo a re-evaluation after supplementing deficient capabilities. In such cases, where he/she fails to pass twice or more times consecutively, he/she may undergo re-evaluation after the lapse of the period determined by the Minister of Personnel Management, withing the scope of one year. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(7) The Minister of Personnel Management may provide support in such areas as establishment of capabilities, development of techniques of capability evaluation, and education and training of persons conducting a capability evaluation and persons subject to capability evaluation, and for the efficient operation of capability evaluation throughout the Government, he/she may, if requested by a competent minister, certify the capability evaluation system of the relevant agency. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(8) A competent minister may, if necessary, entrust the conduct of capability evaluation referred to in paragraph (1) to the Minister of Personnel Management. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(9) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the conduct of and support for capability evaluations, certification of capability evaluation system, etc. other than the matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (8). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25415, Jun. 30, 2014]
CHAPTER II NEW EMPLOYMENT
Section 1 Open Competitive Employment
 Article 11 (Registration of Successful Applicants in Open Competitive Examinations for Employment)
(1) A person who passes an open competitive examination for employment (hereinafter referred to as "candidate for employment") shall file registration of candidate for employment as prescribed by the head of the examining agency.
(2) Where no registration referred to in paragraph (1) is filed, the person shall be considered to have no will to be employed.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 12 (Preparation of Registers of Candidates for Employment)
Registers of candidates for employment shall be prepared by job class and in the order of examination marks, and shall include training records, majors and other necessary matters.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 12-2 (Validity of Registers of Candidates for Employment)
The validity of registers of candidates for employment who have passed open competitive examinations for employment under Article 38 (2) of the Act shall be two years. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 13 (Methods, etc. of Recommending Appointment)
(1) In consideration of the number of vacancies and expected number of vacancies of each agency, the head of an examining agency shall recommend candidates for employment who are listed in the register of candidates for employment to agencies with appointment authority in consideration of examination marks, training records, majoring areas, careers, aptitude, etc.: Provided, That he/she may render a special recommendation when requested by a person with appointment authority to recommend any of the following persons as a candidate for employment:
1. A person who is holding office at the agency for which the appointment is scheduled or has a working career in such agency for not less than six months, or a person who has a special qualification related to the position for which the appointment is scheduled;
2. Where the area for which the appointment is scheduled is a special area, a person suitable therefor;
3. Where the head of the agency for which the appointment is scheduled has determined a school career, working career and special requirement for qualification, a person suitable therefor.
(2) The Minister of Personnel Management may immediately appoint candidates for employment by designating agencies for which such candidates to work, in consideration of examination marks, training records, majoring areas, aptitude, etc. within the scope of vacancies of each agency after hearing from competent ministers under the proviso to Article 39 (1) of the Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(3) Among candidates for employment recommended to be employed as public officials of classes VII and IX, a person with appointment authority shall appoint persons for whom one year has passed since the date of passing the final examination without delay unless there exist inevitable grounds, such as deferment of appointment, and education and training. In such cases, if the number of current staff members exceeds the prescribed number of staff members, the relevant agency shall be considered to have separate staff members as many as the excessive staff members until the number of current staff members and the prescribed number of staff members coincide.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 13-2 (Deferment of Recommendation of Appointment or Deferment of Appointment)
(1) Where a candidate for employment who is listed in the register of candidates for employment falls under any of the following cases, the head of the examining agency and the person with appointment authority may defer recommendation of appointment and appointment, respectively by fixing a period within the scope of validity of the register of candidates for employment: Provided, That where the ground of deferment disappears even during the period of determent, he/she may render recommendation of appointment or appointment:
1. Where a candidate for employment joins the army to complete military service under the Military Service Act;
2. Where a candidate for employment continues to study;
3. Where a candidate for employment has a disease which requires long-term medical care for not less than six months;
4. Where a candidate for employment is pregnant or delivers a baby;
5. Other cases where it is deemed inevitable to defer recommendation of appointment, or appointment.
(2) A person who desires deferment of recommendation of appointment or deferment of appointment referred to in paragraph (1) shall file an application therefor, accompanied by materials evidencing the relevant grounds, within the period determined by the head of the examining agency or the person with appointment authority. In such cases, he/she shall explicitly indicate the period of deferment he/she desires.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 14 (Disqualifications of Candidates for Employment)
(1) Where a candidate for employment falls under any of the following, he/she shall lose his/her qualification to be a candidate for employment pursuant to Article 39 (3) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
1. Where a candidate for employment fails to accept appointment to an agency for which he/she is recommended to work pursuant to Article 13;
2. Where a candidate for employment fails to receive education and training he/she must receive as a candidate for employment;
3. Where marks obtained as a candidate for employment in education and training as a candidate for employment fall short of the marks required to complete education and training;
4. Where a candidate for employment is expelled from school for reasons other than a disease, military service or other unavoidable circumstances under which he/she is unable to continue to receive education and training during the education and training of candidates for employment;
5. Where it is deemed difficult for a candidate for employment to perform duties as a public official because he/she has performed an act seriously impairing dignity as a candidate for employment.
(2) Where a person authorized to appoint public officials (in cases before the recommendation of employment prescribed in Article 13 (1), referring to the head of an agency administering an examination; hereinafter the same shall apply in this paragraph) or a person authorized to recommend appointment intends to recognize that it is difficult for a candidate for employment to perform his/her duties pursuant to paragraph (1) 5, he/she shall be subject to a resolution of a screening committee organized for each person authorized to appoint public officials or for each person authorized to recommend appointment. In such cases, Article 23 (3) through (5) and (8) shall apply mutatis mutandis to matters concerning the composition, operation, and resolution of the screening committee. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 15 (Change of Position of Candidates for Employment)
The head of an examining agency may, where necessary, recommend candidates for employment to another job series (limited to job series for which the relevant agency has the authority to administer examinations for employment) after undergoing an examination for change of a position in advance with the consent of the person in question. In such cases, examinations of subjects in open competitive examinations for employment shall be exempt, and in the cases falling under subparagraph 4 or 5 of Article 30, examinations for change of position may be exempt.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 15-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 10345. Jun. 10, 1981>
Section 2 Competitive Recruitment for Career Positions, etc.
 Article 16 (Requirements for Competitive Recruitment for Career Positions, etc.)
(1) Employment (hereinafter referred to as "competitive recruitment for career positions, etc.") through recruitment examinations referred to in the main sentence of and proviso to Article 28 (2) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc.") shall take place in any of the following cases: Provided, That in special circumstances, in consideration of characteristics of service, the Minister of Personnel Management may determine different requirements for application for non-permanent public officials in general service (including flexible-time non-permanent public officials in general service; hereinafter the same shall apply): <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 22834, Apr. 4, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24503, Apr. 22, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 27256, Jun. 24, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 27787, Jan. 10, 2017>
1. Where it is intended to re-appoint a public official who has retired under Article 28 (2) 1 of the Act (excluding persons who were non-permanent public officials as at the time of retirement), it shall be limited to cases where the cause of the retirement is verified through inquiring of the former agency in which the person held office about the former careers of such person, and where it is intended to re-appoint a person who retired to become a public official in a non-career position or to become a public official in a career position of another type (excluding persons who were non-permanent public officials as at the time of retirement) as a public official of the class in which he/she held office as at the time of retirement, it shall be limited to cases where 30 days have not passed since he/she retired, respectively. In such cases, inquiring about former careers shall follow the Regulations for Personnel Records, Statistics, and Handling of Personnel Affairs of Public Officials;
2. Where it is intended to recruit persons holding licenses related to the duties of the same type prescribed in Article 28 (2) 2 of the Act through competitive recruitment for career positions, etc., such persons shall hold a license which falls into the licenses by job class for which appointment is scheduled and meet the standards for careers, which are prescribed by the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials;
3. Where it is intended to offer an opportunity for competitive recruitment for career positions, etc. prescribed in Article 28 (2) 3 of the Act, it shall recruit persons who have a career of working in the same job class as the job class for which appointment is scheduled for at least two years, or a working career or research career equivalent to the relevant job class in a job area related to the position for which appointment is scheduled for at least three years, and meet the standards for careers equivalent to the class for which appointment is scheduled, which are prescribed by the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials;
4. A school referred to in Article 28 (2) 4 of the Act means various kinds of educational institutions established for the purpose of fostering public officials or for the purpose of fostering human resources in professional areas prescribed in statutes. In such cases, the Minister of Personnel Management shall determine types of various kinds of educational institutions and job classes for which appointment is scheduled;
5. Where it is intended to offer an opportunity for competitive recruitment for career positions, etc. to recruit people to work in a special job area which the Minister of Personnel Management determines under Article 28 (2) 6 of the Act, such as sanitation, fatigue duty, identification, protection and security, or in a special environment, such as a mental hospital and a hospital for Hansen's disease, or in a special area, such as an island and a remote area, the class for which the appointment is scheduled shall be class VIII of general service or below;
6. Where it is intended to appoint a local public official as a State public official of the job class and position thereof under Article 28 (2) 7 of the Act, the local public official shall not be a non-permanent public official;
7. Where it is intended to offer an opportunity for competitive recruitment for career positions, etc. to appoint a person who is appointed as a local public official by passing an open competitive recruitment examination for public officials of class V which was administered with the advance determination of the expected area of service or expected agency of service prescribed in Article 37 (2) of the Act as a State public official of the class thereof under Article 28 (2) 7 of the Act, such person shall be a person for whom two years (not including periods of temporary retirement, suspension from a position, and suspension from a duty) have passed since he/she was appointed as a local public official for the first time: Provided, That the same shall not apply to cases where positions are abolished or there occurs surplus staff as a result of alteration and abolition of office organization, prescribed number of staff members, etc. of the relevant local government;
8. Where it is intended to offer an opportunity of competitive recruitment for career positions, etc. prescribed in Article 28 (2) 8 of the Act, the class for which appointment is scheduled shall be class IV of general service or below;
9. Persons eligible for competitive recruitment for career positions, etc. referred to in Article 28 (2) 9 of the Act shall be graduates (including persons who have an educational background equivalent thereto) from high schools, junior colleges and universities (including graduate schools) which have been established under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act or the Higher Education Act who majored in agriculture, manufacturing industry, mining industry, fishery, ocean, health and hygiene, practical household affairs, urban planning or in studies closely related thereto, such as physics, chemistry and biology, or in music and fine art, or in history and archaeology or in studies closely related thereto, such as folklore. In such cases, the Minister of Personnel Management shall determine standards for selection, procedures for recommendation, and expected class of appointment;
10. Where it is intended to offer an opportunity for competitive recruitment for career positions, etc. to recruit a person who has a career of research or service in any scientific or technical field relevant to the position for which he/she is scheduled to be appointed under Article 28 (2) 10 of the Act or in the fields of statistics, computerization, overseas trade, environment, traffic and urban engineering or in other specialized fields of work determined by the competent minister to be difficult to fill vacancies by the method of open competitive recruitment examinations, such person shall have a doctor's degree or master's degree and meet the required number of years of career by class for which appointment is scheduled in Annex IV;
11. Where it is intended to offer an opportunity for competitive recruitment for career positions, etc. to recruit a person who graduates from a school after studying on scholarship during his/her school days under Article 28 (2) 11 of the Act, such person shall not be a person for whom the payment of the scholarship has not been suspended on grounds attributable to him/her. In such cases, the Minister of Personnel Management shall determine the expected class of appointment;
12. Where it is intended to offer an opportunity for competitive recruitment for career positions, etc. to recruit a person who lives in a specific area for an agency located in such area prescribed in Article 28 (2) 12 of the Act, such person shall have lived in the Si (excluding Sis in which Gus are established) or Gun which is under the jurisdiction of the relevant agency or in which the relevant agency is located for at least five years before the date of a recruitment examination. In such cases, the class to which such person is scheduled to be appointed shall be class VIII of general service or below, and the competent minister shall determine the agency to which such person is scheduled to be appointed among agencies headed by public officials in general service of class IV or below;
13. In the case of appointing a person who has acquired the nationality of the Republic of Korea by obtaining permission for naturalization referred to in Articles 4 and 8 of the Nationality Act, or a North Korean refugee referred to in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the North Korean Refugees Protection and Settlement Support Act (hereinafter referred to as "North Korean refugee") under Article 28 (2) 13 of the Act, such person shall be a person for whom three years have passed since he/she acquired the nationality or established a registration of family relations. In such cases, the recruitment may be limited to persons who meet the requirements prescribed in subparagraphs 2, 3 and 10 and the scope of recruitment may be limited to the special job areas, environment or special areas the Minister of Personnel Management determines (hereinafter referred to as "special service").
(2) A person who falls under paragraph (1) 3 shall also be a person in whose case three years (in the case of employing a flexible-time non-permanent public official and a non-permanent public official in temporary service, referring to ten years) have not passed after retirement as at the date of public notice of an examination (in the case of examinations which are not administered for many eligible applicants referred to in the proviso to Article 28 (2) of the Act, the date of notice of an examination plan). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(3) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 17663, Jul. 10, 2002>
(4) The following standards shall apply when calculating career years prescribed in paragraph (1) 3 for persons who were State public officials or local public officials in career positions: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
1. In the case of services for a period exceeding the minimum number of years required for promotion in a class immediately subordinate to the class for which appointment is scheduled or in a class equivalent thereto, 1/2 of the excessive period of services within one year shall be added to the service records in the class for which appointment is scheduled;
2. A career of a person who was a flexible-time permanent public official or a flexible-time non-permanent public official shall be calculated in proportion to working hours.
(5) The head of an examining agency shall obtain confirmation from the Minister of Unification as to working careers in North Korea, qualifications relevant to the area of recruitment, etc. of North Korean refugees who apply for competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. referred to in paragraph (1) 13, as prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24503, Apr. 22, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(6) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), non-permanent public officials in professional service (including flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service; hereinafter the same shall apply) and non-permanent public officials in temporary service may be employed where they fall under Article 28 (2) 2, 3 or 10 of the Act, and the requirements for filing an application are as shown in Annex IV-II: Provided, That where a competent minister deems that it is impracticable to apply the requirement for filing an application in Annex IV-II, he/she may determine different requirements for filing an application in consultation with the Minister of Personnel Management. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(7) Where a former public official in professional service who retired at a regular retirement age is appointed as a non-permanent public official in general service or a non-permanent public official in professional service, he/she shall fall under Article 38 (2) 3 of the Act and shall meet the following requirements, notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (6): <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27822, Jan. 31, 2017>
1. Where appointed as a non-permanent public official in general service: the person shall have at least two years’ work experience in a class equal to the class for which appointment is scheduled or in a class equivalent thereto;
2. Where appointed as a non-permanent public official in professional service: requirements for filing an application as shown in Annex IV-II: Provided, That where a competent minister deems that it is impracticable to apply the requirement for filing an application in Annex IV-II, he/she may determine different requirements for filing an application in consultation with the Minister of Personnel Management.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 6622, Apr. 9, 1973]
 Article 17 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 9264, Dec. 30, 1978>
 Article 18 (Appointment of Successful Applicants in Competitive Recruitment Examinations for Career Positions, etc.)
(1) Where a person authorized to appoint public officials appoints a public official through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc., he/she shall not appoint the public official to a position other than the position for which the appointment is scheduled as at the time the examination is administered: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to cases where the appointment of a public official falls under any of the following cases among competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. of public officials of class V and VII administered by the Minister of Personnel Management pursuant to Article 3 (1) 4 and 5 of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 22834, Apr. 4, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials appoints the public official selected through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. administered after designating a job area (referring to a group of positions, the job types of which are considerably similar to one another; hereafter the same shall apply in this paragraph) to a position belonging to the job area designated as at the time such examination is administered;
2. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials appoints the public official selected through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. administered after designating a series of jobs or sub-series of jobs to a position belonging to the series of jobs or sub-series of jobs designated as at the time such examination is administered.
(2) Where the number of the current staff members exceeds the prescribed number of staff members when appointing successful applicants in competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. which the Minister of Personnel Management administered pursuant to Articles 3 (1) 4 and 5, and 26 (3) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials, the relevant agency shall be considered to have separate staff members as many as the excessive staff members until the number of the current staff members and the prescribed number of staff members coincide. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22834, Apr. 4, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 8691, Sep. 14, 1977]
 Article 19 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 5870, Dec. 11, 1971>
 Article 20 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 6622, Apr. 9, 1973>
 Article 21 (Validity of Passing Competitive Recruitment Examinations for Career Positions, etc.)
(1) The validity of passing competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. shall be one year: Provided, That the validity of passing an examination which is not conducted for many eligible applicants referred to in the proviso to Article 28 (2) of the Act shall be six months. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the validity of passing competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. referred to in Articles 3 (1) 4 and 5, and 26 (3) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials shall be two years, on condition that the period of obligatory military service for the purpose of completing the military service under the Military Service Act shall not be included therein. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22834, Apr. 4, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(3) Articles 11, 12, 13 (1) and 14 shall apply mutatis mutandis to successful applicants in competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. the validity of passing of which is two years under paragraph (2). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 22 (Competitive Recruitment for Career Positions, etc. of Local Public Officials)
(1) When appointing a local public official as a State public official, a person appointed as a local public official by passing an examination the Minister of Personnel Management conducts for the job series for which appointment is scheduled at the time he/she is appointed as a local public official or at the time he/she is in service as a local public official shall be exempt from competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(2) When a person who was a State public official in the first place is re-appointed to the job series of the time he/she was in service as a State public official after being exchanged to be appointed as a local public official, he/she shall be exempt from competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(3) A person shall be exempt from competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. in any of the following cases: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Appointing a local public official in general service as a State public official of the relevant class of the local government;
2. Appointing a local public official in general service who works for a City/Do or autonomous Gu/Si/Gun (excluding probationary public officials; hereafter the same shall apply in this paragraph) as a state public official of the relevant class of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety and the agencies belonging thereto;
3. Appointing a local public official in general service who works for the Office of Education of a City/Do or for an agency belonging thereto as a State public official of the relevant class of the Ministry of Education, the agency belonging thereto and other agencies in which the Minister of Education holds authority for appointment of or authority to recommend appointment of public officials belonging thereto.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
[Title Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012]
 Article 22-2 (Competitive Recruitment for Career Positions, etc. of Public Officials in Foreign Service)
When appointing a public official of the job series of foreign affairs and trade referred to in Article 2 (1) 1 of the Foreign Service Officials Act among public officials in foreign service as a public official in general service who has similarities in duties the Minister of Personnel Management determines, he/she shall be exempt from competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 22-3 (Employment of Local Talents on Recommendation)
(1) A person to perform an internship pursuant to Article 26-4 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "intern") shall be selected according to the methods classified below: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23691, Mar. 30, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. The Minister of Personnel Management selects graduates (only applicable to those whose period from the date of graduation to the date of selection falls within a period designated by the Minister of Personnel Management) or graduates-to-be from schools the Minister of Personnel Management determines among the schools prescribed in the subparagraphs of Article 2 of the Higher Education Act in which curriculums for bachelor's degrees are established and schools established under special Acts who are recommended by the principals of the relevant schools by taking public officials of class VII in general service as the expected class of appointment;
2. The Minister of Personnel Management selects graduates (limited to persons whose period from the date of graduation to the date of selection falls within a period the Minister of Personnel Management determines) or graduates-to-be from schools the Minister of Personnel Management determines among high schools established under Article 2 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, schools prescribed in the subparagraphs of Article 2 of the Higher Education Act in which curriculums for junior college graduates' degrees are established and schools established under special Acts who are recommended by the principals of the relevant schools by taking public officials of class IX in general service as the expected class of appointment;
3. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(2) An internship of an intern whose expected class of appointment is class VII shall last for one year from the date on which he/she begins to perform the internship (including education and training necessary to perform duties; hereinafter the same shall apply) and an internship of an intern whose expected class of appointment is class IX of general service shall last for six months from the date on which he/she begins to perform the internship: Provided, That in extenuating circumstances, such as an unfaithful working attitude of an intern, the Minister of Personnel Management may extend the duration of internship of the relevant intern within six months. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23691, Mar. 30, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(3) The Minister of Personnel Management may entrust a person who is selected as an intern pursuant to paragraph (1) to public officials' educational institutions of each level, general educational institutions or other administrative agencies for education and training (including practical training) necessary to perform duties for a specified period. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425 Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(4) The Minister of Personnel Management shall designate an agency in which interns will perform the internship, in consideration of scholastic performance, major field of study, career, aptitude, etc. of interns, and the number of vacancies and expected number of vacancies of each agency. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(5) A competent minister shall direct and supervise the job performance of interns, and where an intern shows poor performance in his/her professional duties or education and training, he/she may suspend such intern from performing the internship before the duration of internship expires after consultation with the Minister of Personnel Management. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(6) Taking into account the records of work performance, records of education and training, and results of evaluation of capabilities of an intern, the competent minister shall consult with the Minister of Personnel Management on whether to appoint such intern as a public official of the expected class of appointment by no later than one month prior to the expiry of the duration of internship. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(7) When a competent minister appoints an intern as a public official of the expected class of appointment, he/she shall exempt such intern from competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc., notwithstanding Article 29 (1) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(8) When the number of the current staff members exceeds the prescribed number of staff members as a competent minister appoints interns, the relevant agency shall be considered to have separate staff members as many as the excessive staff members until the number of the current staff members and the prescribed number of staff members coincide. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(9) An intern may be paid an amount equivalent to salary step 1 of the expected class of appointment during the duration of internship within budgetary limits. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(10) The Minister of Personnel Management may formulate and promote necessary measures so that men and women may have an equal opportunity of internships. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(11) The Minister of Personnel Management, competent ministers or heads of education and training institutions may, if inevitable for the recommendation and selection, education and training, and personnel management of local talented persons under this Decree, handle information on heath referred to in Article 23 of the Personal Information Protection Act or data including resident registration numbers referred to in subparagraph 1 of Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the same Act. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25415, Jun. 30, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(12) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the recommendation and selection, personnel management, payment of remunerations, method of appointment, etc. of interns, other than the matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (11). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25415, Jun. 30, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 22-4 (Procedures for Appointment, etc. of Non-Permanent Public Officials)
(1) A person holding the authority for appointment or a person holding the authority to recommend appointment may appoint non-permanent public officials within the scope of the prescribed number of staff members (limited to the appointment of non-permanent public officials in general service) and budgetary limits. In such cases, where a head of an agency who is not a competent minister appoints non-permanent public officials in general service and non-permanent public officials in temporary service, he/she shall notify the competent minister of such fact, and when intending to appoint non-permanent public officials in professional service, he/she shall obtain approval from the competent minister.
(2) Where a competent minister is notified of the fact of appointing non-permanent public officials or appointing non-permanent public officials in general service and non-permanent public official in temporary service and approves the appointment of non-permanent public officials in professional service under paragraph (1), he/she shall notify the Minister of Personnel Management of such fact without delay. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(3) Where a competent minister intends to appoint a non-permanent public official in professional service or to approve the appointment of a non-permanent public official in professional service, he/she shall determine the following matters in advance. In such cases, he/she shall consult with the Minister of the Interior and Safety on the matters in subparagraphs 1 through 3: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Necessity of the business;
2. Detailed duties relating to the position for which appointment is scheduled;
3. Number of persons, grades and period of appointment;
4. Qualifications for appointment;
5. Plan for public notice;
6. Conditions of appointment.
(4) In the case of appointing faculty members of universities, researchers of research institutes, or executives and employees of public institutions as non-permanent public officials according a personnel exchange plan referred to in Article 32-2 of the Act, advance consultations referred to in Article 3 of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials, competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. referred to in Article 29 of the same Decree, public notices referred to in Article 47 of the same Decree, and checking, etc. referred to in Article 49-2 of the same Decree may be omitted. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
(5) Emergency preparedness officers employed under Article 12-2 (1) 2 of the Emergency Resources Management Act by central administrative agencies, local administrative agencies belonging thereto, agencies belonging to the President, and agencies belonging to the Prime Minister; and persons in charge of business areas selected by the Minister of Personnel Management (hereinafter referred to as "emergency preparedness officers, etc.") shall be appointed as non-permanent public officials in general service or officials of professional career. In such cases, the Minister of Personnel Management shall separately determine classes of appointment or equivalent classes, procedures of appointment, requirements for qualification, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(6) An official of professional career may be appointed as a non-permanent public official in general service only when falling under any of the following cases:
1. Filling vacancies referred to in Article 43 (1) and (2) of the Act;
2. Employing a person for a position related to lecturing and research.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013]
 Article 22-5 (Period of Service of Non-Permanent Public Officials)
(1) The period of service of non-permanent public officials shall be a period necessary to perform the relevant duties within five years: Provided, That the period of service of non-permanent public officials in temporary service shall be a period necessary to perform duties on behalf of others within one year and six months. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(2) Where a person holding the authority for appointment or a person holding the authority to recommend appointment deems it necessary to extend the term of office as the relevant business which caused the appointment of a non-permanent public official in professional service continues or fails to be terminated within the term of office due to inevitable causes, he/she may extend the term of office without undergoing the procedures for public notice referred to in Article 47 (2) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials unless the total term of office exceeds five years. In such cases, the latter part of Article 22-4 (1) and paragraph (3) of the same Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to approval of competent ministers and consultations with the Minister of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Where a public official who is appointed as a non-permanent public official in general service shows a good performance or there exists any special ground to have such public official continue to work, the person holding the authority for appointment or the person holding the authority to recommend appointment may extend the term of office without undergoing the procedures for public notice referred to in Article 47 (2) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials unless the total term of office exceeds five years. In such cases, where a head of an agency who is not a competent minister extends term of office, the latter part of Article 22-4 (1) shall apply mutatis mutandis to serving a notice to the competent minister.
(4) Where a public official who is appointed as a non-permanent public official in temporary service shows a good performance or there exists any special ground to have such public official continue to work, the person holding the authority for appointment or the person holding the authority to recommend appointment may extend the period of service unless the total period of service exceeds one year and six months. In such cases, where the head of an agency who is not a competent minister extends the period for service, the latter part of Article 22-4 (1) shall apply mutatis mutandis to serving a notice to the competent minister. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(5) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (3), the period for service of emergency preparedness officers, etc. who are appointed as non-permanent public officials pursuant to Article 22-4 (5) shall be the period prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(6) Notwithstanding paragraphs (2) and (3), where a non-permanent public official (excluding a non-permanent public official in temporary service and a non-permanent public official appointed under Article 16 (7)) whose total period of service is five years shows an outstanding performance, the period for service may be extended for a certain period within five years exceeding the total period for service of five years without going through public notice procedures prescribed in Article 47 (2) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials. In such cases, where the head of an agency who is not the competent minister of a non-permanent public official grants an extension of the period for service, the latter part of Article 22-4 (1) shall apply mutatis mutandis to giving notification to the competent minister or his/her prior approval, and paragraph (3) of the aforesaid Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to consultations with the Minister of the Interior and Safety following an extension of the period for service of a non-permanent public official in professional service. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015; Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27822, Jan. 31, 2017; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013]
 Article 22-6 (Maximum Working Age of Public Officials in Career Positions Transferred or Promoted and Appointed to Non-Permanent Public Official) <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(1) Where a public official in a career position, who is not a non-permanent public official, becomes a non-permanent public official as a result of transfer or promotion to a position with a term of office, his/her maximum working age shall be 60 years. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(2) A public official who falls under paragraph (1) shall ipso facto retire on June 30 if he/she reaches the maximum working age during the period from January to June, and on December 31 if during the period from July to December.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013]
Section 3 Probationary Appointment
 Article 23 (Probationary Appointment)
(1) A person authorized to appoint public officials shall always direct and supervise public officials during the period of probationary appointment as to the state of work performance. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009>
(2) Where a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person who has authority to recommend appointment intends to appoint or recommend the appointment of a public official during the period of probationary appointment as a regular public official, or to dismiss or recommend the dismissal of such public official pursuant to Article 29 of the Act, he/she shall organize a screening committee for each person authorized to appoint public officials or each person who has authority to recommend appointment, and follow a resolution of the relevant screening committee in advance. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(3) A screening committee prescribed in paragraph (2) shall be composed of not less than five members and not more than eight members including the chairperson. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011>
(4) A public official under the jurisdiction of and appointed by a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person who has authority to recommend appointment shall serve as chairperson of the screening committee prescribed in paragraph (2), and the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person who has authority to recommend appointment shall appoint members of the screening committee from among public officials (including public officials belonging to the Senior Executive Service) in the rank superior to public officials during the period of probationary appointment. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(5) The screening committee prescribed in paragraph (2) shall pass resolutions at its meetings with the consent of a majority of the incumbent members. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011>
(6) Where the screening committee intends to pass a resolution to appoint or recommend the appointment of a public official during the period of probationary appointment as a regular public official pursuant to paragraph (2), it shall conduct evaluations of the service records, marks in education and training, work attitude, attitude toward civil service, etc. of the relevant public official. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(7) Where a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person who has authority to recommend appointment deems a public official during the period of probationary appointment unsuitable to be appointed as a regular public official because such public official falls under any of the following, he/she may dismiss or recommend the dismissal of the relevant public official pursuant to Article 29 (3) of the Act: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
1. Where marks obtained in education and training pursuant to the former part of Article 24 (1) fall short of standards for the completion thereof;
2. Where the public official gets expelled from school for reasons other than a disease, military service or other unavoidable circumstances under which he/she is unable to continue to receive education and training during education and training under the former part of Article 24 (1);
3. Where he/she deems it difficult to expect the public official to conscientiously perform his/her duties because his/her service records or marks obtained in education and training are very poor;
4. Where the public official commits irregularities that constitute grounds for severe disciplinary actions (referring to dismissal, removal from office, demotion or suspension from office), in violation of the Act or an order under the Act;
5. Where the public official commits irregularities that constitute grounds for lesser disciplinary actions (referring to reduction of salary or reprimand) at least two times, in violation of the Act or an order under the Act.
(8) Detailed matters necessary for the operation, etc. of the screening committee provided for in paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 6622, Apr. 9, 1973]
 Article 24 (Training of Probationary Public Officials or Persons To Be Probationary Public Officials)
(1) A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend the candidates for employment provided for in Article 39 of the Act may have probationary public officials or persons to be probationary public officials receive education and training (including practical training) which are necessary for conduct of duties for a specific period by entrusting to public officials' educational institutions, general educational institutions or other administrative agencies. In such cases, money, etc. may be paid to the persons to be probationary public officials in an amount equivalent to 80 percent of salary step 1 of the expected class of appointment within budgetary limits during the duration of training. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22617, Jan. 10, 2011>
(2) A person with appointment authority or the Minister of Personnel Management shall formulate and implement plans for training and practical training of probationary public officials. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 25 (Exemption from Probationary Appointment and Curtailment of Period of Probationary Appointment)
(1) Where a public official to be appointed to a probationary public official receives education and training for a period pursuant to Article 24, he/she may be exempt from probationary appointment, depending on such period, or the period of probationary appointment may be reduced. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27256, Jun. 24, 2016>
(2) Where a person falls under any of the following, he/she shall be exempt from probationary appointment: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. Where a person who held office in excess of the minimum number of years required for promotion prescribed in Article 31 and does not fall into the grounds for restrictions on promotion prescribed in Article 32 is appointed by passing a recruitment examination relevant to the expected class of promotion;
2. Where a person who was a full-time State public official in general service or local public official in general service (excluding persons who were non-permanent public officials as at the time of retirement) is appointed to the class of the time of retirement or to a class subordinate thereto;
3. Where an intern is appointed as a public official of class VI (in the case of public officials in postal service, referring to class III in postal service) or lower class pursuant to Article 26-4 (1) of the Act;
4. Where a person is appointed as a non-permanent public official.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
CHAPTER III CHANGE OF POSITION
 Article 26 through Article 28-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 10345, Jun. 10, 1981>
 Article 29 (Requirements for Changing Jobs)
(1) In any of the following cases, a person with appointment authority may change the positions of public officials under his/her control through examinations for changing jobs: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
1. Changing jobs of persons who have work careers or education and training careers relevant to the duties of the expected positions of change for at least six months, persons who have completed specialized school education relevant to the duties in charge, and persons who have certificates of qualification certified by the State to positions of class equal or equivalent to the current class;
2. Where it is necessary to adjust the number of staff of the relevant job due to the alteration and abolition of organization or prescribed number of staff;
3. Promoting persons who hold office in the highest class of the relevant job series or persons who work in a position for which there is no position of superior class in the same job series within the agency;
4. Changing a job to the a series of jobs in which a position was formerly held (in the case of persons whose position is changed under Article 15, including the expected job series of appointment).
(2) A certificate of qualification relevant to the relevant class shall be held when changing positions prescribed in paragraph (1) for special classes provided for in the Decree on the Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials.
(3) No public official employed through the following competitive recruitment examinations for carer positions, etc. shall change his/her job for the following periods (excluding the period of temporary retirement from office, the period of removal from office and the period of suspension from office) from the date on which he/she is appointed for the first time: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to cases where there are any changes to the rules of the organization or the fixed number of personnel: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24503, Apr. 22, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
1. A public official employed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. pursuant to Article 28 (2) 2 through 4 and 9 through 11 of the Act: Four years: Provided, That where he/she is transferred to a public official of class IV or lower class in the series of administrative jobs, referring to six years;
2. A public official employed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. prescribed in Article 28 (2) 6, 8 and 12 of the Act: Five years;
3. Of public officials employed through competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. prescribed in Article 28 (2) 13 of the Act, a public official employed on the ground of satisfying the requirements prescribed in Article 16 (1) 2, 3 and 10: Four years: Provided, That where he/she is transferred to a public official of class IV or lower class in the series of administrative jobs, referring to six years;
4. Of public officials employed through competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. prescribed in Article 28 (2) 13 of the Act, public officials employed with the intention of engaging in special services prescribed in the latter part of Article 16 (1) 13: Five years.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 30 (Exemption from Examinations for Change of Positions)
No examination for change of a position shall be required in the following cases: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Changing a position to the job series in which a position was formerly held (the status of a public official shall not be suspended, and in the case of persons whose position is changed under Article 15, including the expected job series of employment): Provided, That the change of a position after a public official of class VI or below is appointed as a public official of class V or above, senior research official or senior technical advisory official shall be excluded;
2. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
3. Of the changes of position referred to in Article 29 (1) 2, cases where only names of classes are changed without any change to duties in the same job group;
4. Changing the position of a person who has a certificate of qualifications the Minister of Personnel Management determines to a class equivalent to such certificate of qualifications;
5. Changing positions between public officials of the administrative job series and public officials of the auditing job series in Annex I, and changing the positions of public officials of the research job series, the duties of which determined by the Minister of Personnel Management are similar to the positions of public officials of the technical job series.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
CHAPTER IV PROMOTION
 Article 31 (Minimum Number of Years Required for Promotion)
(1) A public official who desires to get a promotion shall hold office of the relevant class for periods classified in the below: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
1. Public officials in general service (excluding public officials in postal service):
(a) Class IV: At least three years;
(b) Class V: At least four years;
(c) Class VI: At least three years and six months:
(d) Classes VII and VIII: At least two years;
(e) Class IX: At least one year and six months:
2. Public officials in postal service:
(a) Postal class II: At least four years;
(b) Postal classes III, IV, V and VI: At least three years;
(c) Postal classes VII and VIII: At least two years;
(d) Postal class IX: At least one year and six months.
(2) The periods prescribed in paragraph (1) shall not include periods of temporary retirement, periods of suspension from a position, periods of disciplinary actions, and periods of restrictions on promotion which are referred to in Article 32: Provided, That the following periods shall be included in the periods prescribed in paragraph (1): <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 27256, Jun. 24, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 27822, Jan. 31, 2017>
1. The following periods during temporary retirement referred to in Article 71 of the Act:
(a) Of temporary retirement referred to in Article 71 (1) 1, temporary retirement from office due to a disease or injury incurred in performance of duties falling under any of the items of subparagraph 1 of Article 72 of the Act, and temporary retirement from office prescribed in Article 71 (1) 3, 5, 6 or paragraph (2) 1 of the aforesaid Article: The period of such temporary retirement from office;
(b) Temporary retirement referred to in Article 71 (2) 2 of the Act: The period equivalent to 50 percent of the period of such temporary retirement: Provided, That periods included in the periods in paragraph (1) shall not exceed one year;
(c) Temporary retirement referred to in Article 71 (2) 4 of the Act: The period of such temporary retirement: Provided, That if the aggregate of periods of temporary retirement for one child exceeds one year, the first one year, on condition that if the aggregate of periods of temporary retirement exceeds one year, the entire period of temporary retirement from the second child;
2. The following periods among the periods of removal from office prescribed in Article 73-3 (1) of the Act:
(a) Where a person who is subjected to removal from office pursuant to Article 73-3 (1) 3 of the Act falls under any of the following, the period of such removal from office:
i) Where the competent disciplinary committee passes a resolution deciding not to impose disciplinary actions, in response to a request for passing a resolution demanding disciplinary actions against the relevant pubic official;
ii) Where removal from office or disciplinary actions with a request for passing a resolution demanding disciplinary action which constitutes grounds for removal from office become invalidated or revoked through a decision of the appeals committee or the ruling of the court.
(b) Where a person who was subjected to removal from office pursuant to Article 73-3 (1) 4 of the Act is found not guilty on a criminal case that constitutes grounds for such removal from office through the decision of the court, the period of such removal from office;
(c) Where a public official who was subjected to removal from office pursuant to Article 73-3 (1) 6 of the Act falls under sub-items i) and ii), the period of removal from office prescribed in Article 73-3 (1) 6 of the Act:
i) Where a request for passing a resolution demanding disciplinary actions or disciplinary actions against a public official who was subject to removal from office pursuant to Article 73-3 (1) 6 of the Act fall under any of the following:
a) Where the competent minister, etc. decides not to request the disciplinary committee to pass a resolution demanding disciplinary actions prescribed in Article 78 (4) of the Act;
b) Where the competent disciplinary committee passes a resolution deciding not to impose disciplinary actions, in response to a request for passing a resolution demanding disciplinary actions against the relevant public official;
c) Where disciplinary actions as a result of an examination or investigation become invalidated or revoked through the decision of the appeals committee or the ruling of the court;
ii) Where the result of an examination or investigation of irregularities which have become the cause of removal from office prescribed in Article 73-3 (1) 6 of the Act falls under any of the following:
a) Where such irregularities do not constitute a criminal case;
b) Where a public prosecutor decides not to bring in an indictment: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the public prosecutor decides not to prosecute a case pursuant to Article 247 of the Criminal Procedure Act and cases where such irregularities are found guilty through the ruling of the court after they were reinvestigated and an indictment was brought, though the public prosecutor had decided not to bring in an indictment;
c) Where a person who was indicted for a criminal case or against whom a summary order was requested is found not guilty through the ruling of the court
(d) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 27256, Jun. 24, 2016>
2-2. A period from the date of requesting a disciplinary action or date of requesting a disciplinary resolution to the date preceding the date of a disciplinary action: Provided, That periods overlapped with the period of suspension from a position shall be excluded;
3. A period of probationary appointment.
(3) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(4) Where a person degraded or demoted is promoted to the original class, the period before the degradation or demotion shall be counted in the number of years of service.
(5) Where a State or local public official who has retired is appointed to a class equal to or below the class of the time of retirement, the period in which he/she held office in classes equal to or above the class of the time of re-appointment among the period of service before retirement shall be added to the number of years of service in the class of the time of re-appointment, on condition that the period of service from the date of re-appointment shall be limited to ten years. In such cases, where a person who was a high-ranking official is appointed as a public official of class IV or below after retirement, the period of holding office as a high-ranking official shall be added to the number of years of service in the class of the time of re-appointment.
(6) In the case of re-appointing a public official in general service who retired to become a public official in a non-career position or public official in a career position of other type as a public official in general service of the class of the time of retirement under Article 28 (2) 1 of the Act, the careers before the reappointment as a public official in a non-career position engaging in special duties determined by the Minister of Personnel Management or as a public official in a career position of other type shall be included in the periods in paragraph (1). In such cases, the careers as a public official in a non-career position or as a public official in a career position of other type of class equivalent to classes higher than the class of reappointment shall be included only in the period of service in the class of reappointment. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(7) Whare a public official in research service and extension service is appointed as another public official in general service, the period of service as such public official in research service and extension service may be included in the number of years required for promotion of the relevant class according to the following classifications: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Senior research officials and senior technical advisory officials:
(a) Appointment as public officials of class IV or above: The period the Minister of Personnel Management recognizes to be equivalent to the class of appointment based on the details, difficulty, degree of responsibility, etc. of duties in charge within the scope of the period of service as senior research officials and senior technical advisory officials;
(b) Appointment as public officials of class V: The period of service as senior research officials and senior technical advisory officials;
2. Researchers and technical advisors:
(a) Appointment as public officials of class VI: The period the Minister of Personnel Management recognizes to be equivalent to the class of appointment based on the details, difficulty, degree of responsibility, etc. of duties in charge within the scope of the period of service as researcher and technical advisors;
(b) Appointment as public officials of class VII or below: The period of service as researchers and technical advisors.
(8) Where a public official in foreign service is employed as a public official in general service through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc., the period of service as a public official in foreign service may be included in the periods in paragraph (1), depending on the corresponding classes prescribed in Article 46 of the Decree on Appointment of Foreign Service Officials. In such cases, the period of working as a high-ranking official of the public official in foreign service shall be added to the number of years of service in the class of employment through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(9) Where an official of professional carer, non-permanent public official, public official in special service or public official in extraordinary civil service is appointed as a public official in general service after retirement, the period of holding office as an official of professional career, non-permanent public official, public official in special service or public official in extraordinary civil service of class equivalent to or above the relevant class may be included in the periods prescribed in paragraph (1) as prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(10) Periods of training as judicial trainees of the Judicial Research and Training Institute referred to in Article 72 of the Court Organization Act shall be included in the number of years required for promotion to public officials in general service of class IV or below referred to in paragraph (1).
(11) Periods of working as flexible-time permanent public officials, and public officials who have converted to the flexible working hours as referred to in Article 57-3 shall be included in the periods prescribed in paragraph (1) in proportion to working hours: Provided, That periods of working in the relevant classes of public officials converted to the flexible working hours as referred to in Article 57-3 shall be entirely included in the periods prescribed in paragraph (1) within one year. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
(12) Periods of working in degraded or demoted classes or above of persons degraded or demoted shall be added to the number of years of service in the degraded or demoted class.
(13) Where a public official in professional service is appointed as a public official in general service, the period of service as such public official in professional service may be included in the number of years required for promotion of the relevant class according to the following classifications: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27787, Jan. 10, 2017>
1. Appointment as public officials of class III or IV: The period the Minister of Personnel Management recognizes to be equivalent to the class of appointment based on the details, difficulty, degree of responsibility, etc. of duties in charge within the scope of the period of service as senior professional official;
2. Appointment as public officials of class V: The period of service as professional official.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 32 (Restrictions on Promotion)
(1) Neither of the following public officials shall get a promotion and appointment: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
1. Where a request for disciplinary actions, request for a disciplinary resolution, disciplinary actions, suspension from a position, temporary retirement (excluding special promotion prescribed in Article 35-2 (1) 4 or 5 of persons on temporary retirement due to any diseases or injuries caused on official duty under the Public Officials Pension Act among the temporary retirement referred to in Article 71 (1) 1 of the Act) or probationary appointment are under way;
2. Where the following periods (in the case of disciplinary actions for reasons which constitute any of the subparagraphs of Article 78-2 (1) of the Act and disciplinary actions following sexual abuse, sexual harassment and sex-trafficking, periods to which three months are added, respectively) have not passed from the date on which the execution of disciplinary actions is terminated:
(a) Degradation and suspension from a duty: 18 months;
(b) Salary reduction: 12 months;
(c) Reprimand: Six months.
(2) Where a public official governed by other Acts different from those of public officials governed by this Decree with respect to disciplinary punishment becomes a public official governed by this Decree, if such public official was subject to a disposition of degradation in the former status, he/she shall not be promoted for 18 months from the date on which such disposition terminates, and if subject to good behavior, guardhouse, or other disciplinary dispositions similar thereto, he/she shall not be promoted for six months from the date on which such dispositions terminate.
(3) A period of restrictions on promotion of a person who becomes subject to a disciplinary disposition again while he/she undergoes a period of restrictions on promotion prescribed in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be calculated from the date on which the period of restrictions concerning the preceding disposition terminates, and where a person who undergoes a period of restrictions on promotion due to a disciplinary disposition goes on a temporary retirement, the remaining period of restrictions on promotion caused by the disciplinary disposition shall be calculated from the date on which he/she is reinstated in the service.
(4) Where a public official is awarded a medal, medal of merit, exemplary public official's reward, or commendation by the Prime Minister or above, or prized as his/her proposal is adopted and implemented after being subject to disciplinary dispositions, 1/2 of the period of restrictions on promotion provided for in paragraphs (1) 2 and (2) may be reduced only for the heaviest disciplinary disposition taken recently against him/her.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 32-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 10345, Jun. 10, 1981>
 Article 33 (Promotion of Public Officials of Class V and Public Officials of Class VII or Below)
(1) Where it is intended to promote public officials of class V and public officials of class VII or below (in the case of public officials in postal service, referring to public officials of postal class IV or below: hereafter the same shall apply in this Article), such public officials shall be appointed through promotion screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee referred to in Article 40-3 (2) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "ordinary promotion screening committee") which screens persons who fall under Annex V in the number of vacancies to be appointed in the order of high priority in the register of candidates for promotion of the relevant agency. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(2) Where a competent minister intends to promote a public official of class VII or below under paragraph (1), he/she may conduct written examinations or practical examinations. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(3) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
[Title Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013]
 Article 34 (Promotion to Public Officials of Class V)
(1) In the case of promoting public officials of class VI to public officials of class V (in the case of public officials in postal service, referring to promoting public officials of postal class III to public officials of postal class II), promotion examinations or screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee shall be conducted. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(2) A competent minister may select and designate any of the following methods in promoting public officials of class VI (in the case of public officials in postal service, referring to postal class III) referred to in paragraph (1) by the unit of persons with appointment authority and expected class of promotion or change such methods. In such cases, he/she shall notify the Minister of Personnel Management of any designation or change, without delay, and the changed method of promotion shall apply one year thereafter, on condition that if promotion examinations and screening by a promotion screening committee are conducted concurrently, he/she shall endeavor to maintain an adequate ratio therebetween: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Promotion by means of promotion examinations;
2. Promotion by means of screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee;
3. Promotion by means of promotion examination for some persons eligible for promotion and by means of screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee for some persons eligible for promotion.
(3) Where it is intended to undergo screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee under paragraph (1) (including concurrent implementation of promotion examinations and screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee under paragraph (2) 3), persons eligible for screening shall be selected in the order of high priority in the register of candidates for promotion among persons who are public officials of class V three days before the date on which the ordinary promotion screening committee is to be held and fall under Annex V in the aggregate number of vacancies and expected vacancies.
(4) A competent minister shall determine the total number of vacancies referred to in paragraph (3) (including the number of staff members of special promotion in Article 35-2 (1) 1 through 3) according to the personnel management plan referred to in Article 8, on condition that he/she shall endeavor to maintain an adequate balance between the number of public officials in general service of class V or above to be employed through open competitive recruitment and the number of persons to be employed through competitive recruitment, etc. for career positions of the relevant agency. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(5) Screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee for the total vacancies referred to in paragraph (3) shall be implemented by agency or by class. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011>
(6) A person with appointment authority shall prepare a promotion ranking register in the order of persons who attain a higher aggregate point calculated by adding the records in the register of candidates for promotion at the time of requesting promotion examinations in the rate of 50 percent, the records of the second examination in the rate of 20 percent and the training records of the basic education and training courses corresponding to the expected class of promotion in the rate of 30 percent for successful applicants in examinations for general promotion, and in the order of persons who attain a higher aggregate point calculated by adding the records in the register of candidates for promotion at the time of conducting a promotion screening in the rate of 70 percent and the training records of the basic education and training courses corresponding to the expected class of promotion in the rate of 30 percent for persons who are selected to be eligible for promotion according to the results of screening conducted by the ordinary promotion screening committee. In such cases, if there is a tie in the points of the promotion ranking register, priority order shall be determined according to the order in the register of candidates for promotion.
(7) Promotion ranking registers referred to in paragraph (6) shall be prepared by the number of times of examination for general promotion or by screening by ordinary promotion screening committees, and when there occurs a vacancy in a promotion ranking register preparation unit agency, the relevant person with appointment authority shall make appointments according to the rankings in the promotion ranking register prepared by number of time or by screening unless he/she falls under any of the following cases: Provided, That with respect to persons who have a ground for restriction on promotion as referred to in Article 32, he/she shall make appointments after such ground ceases to exist. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Where a person eligible for promotion listed in the promotion ranking register is seconded;
2. Where a competent minister undergoes consultations with the Minister of Personnel Management with the recognition that the person could face significant difficulties in conducting the duties required of the relevant position if appointments are made according to the order in the promotion ranking register.
(8) The Minister of Personnel Management may, if necessary for the appointment of successful applicants in open competitive examinations or successful applicants in competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc. referred to in Article 26 (3) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials, request persons with appointment authority to defer the appointment referred to in paragraph (7) under Article 31 of the Act and the persons with appointment authority shall comply therewith. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23444, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(9) Articles 11, 12, 13 (1) and 14 shall apply mutatis mutandis to promotion by means of open competitive examinations for promotion.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 34-2 (Validity of Passing Promotion Examinations, etc.)
(1) The validity of passing promotion examinations, and determination of eligibility for promotion of ordinary promotion screening committees referred to in Article 34 shall be by the time of promotion: Provided, That the same shall not apply to cases of retirement before promotion.
(2) Where a person who has passed an examination for general promotion, and a person determined to be eligible for promotion based on the results of screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee pursuant to Article 34, is transferred (excluding transfer prescribed in Article 45 (3) 2) to another agency which has a different promotion ranking register preparation unit before he/she is promoted and appointed, he/she shall lose the effect of passing the examination for general promotion and determination of eligibility for promotion of the promotion screening committee, notwithstanding paragraph (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 34-3 (Ordinary Promotion Screening Committees)
(1) Where it is intended to promote a public official of class IV or below (excluding public officials of class VI who undergo promotion examinations to be promoted to public officials of class V), he/she shall undergo screening by an ordinary promotion screening committee, and the person with appointment authority and the person authorized to recommend appointments shall comply with the results of screening unless there exists any special ground to the contrary. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(2) An ordinary promotion screening committee shall be comprised of not less than three members including a chairperson, on condition that it may be comprised of not less than two members when the person with appointment authority or the person authorized to recommend appointments deems it inevitable.
(3) The position of the chairperson of an ordinary promotion screening committee shall be taken by the head of the agency in which the ordinary promotion screening committee is established or by a public official belonging to and nominated by the head of the relevant agency (including public officials in political service and in extraordinary civil service; hereafter the same shall apply in this paragraph), and public officials belonging to and nominated by the head of the relevant agency among persons of classes superior to the expected class of promotion (including public officials of classes equivalent to superior classes; hereafter the same shall apply in this paragraph) shall become the members thereof, and if persons of superior classes are deficient, persons of the same class as the expected class of promotion may be nominated: Provided, That in the case of promotion to a position of the senior civil service, persons nominated by the head of the relevant agency among high-ranking officials shall become the members thereof. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(4) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the operation of ordinary promotion screening committees. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 35 (Promotion to Public Officials of Class III)
In the case of promoting public officials of class IV, the competent minister shall make appointments by selecting relevant persons in a number within the scope of vacancies among the candidates for promotion of the relevant agency through a promotion screening by the ordinary promotion screening committee referred to in Article 34-3 in consideration of service records, ability, career, expertise, personality, aptitude, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 35-2 (Special Promotion and Appointment)
(1) In the case of special promotion (including preferential application for examinations for general promotion; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article), any of the following public officials shall get such special promotion: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. In cases falling under Article 40-4 (1) 1 of the Act: Awarded public officials of class IV or below, determined by the Minister of Personnel Management;
2. In cases falling under Article 40-4 (1) 2 of the Act: Public officials of class IV or below recognized by the competent minister to have an outstanding ability in the performance of duties and greatly contribute to the administrative development by actively performing duties;
3. In cases falling under Article 40-4 (1) 3 of the Act: Public officials of class V or below given a bronze award or above of the invention grade;
4. In cases falling under Article 40-4 (1) 4 of the Act: Public officials of class III or below recognized to have achieved a special merit while in office as a honorary retirer;
5. In cases falling under Article 40-4 (1) 5 of the Act: Public officials recognized to have achieved a special merit by the competent minister while in office.
(2) In the case of special promotion prescribed in paragraph (1), the relevant public officials shall be persons not subject to restrictions on promotion in Article 32; in the case of special promotion pursuant to paragraph (1) 1 and 3, the relevant public officials have reached the number of years of service required for promotion; and in the case of special promotion prescribed in paragraph (1) 4, the relevant public officials shall have been holding office in the relevant classes for at least one year as at the date preceding the date of honorary retirement: Provided, That where the relevant public official gets a special promotion and appointment pursuant to paragraph (1) 1, the minimum number of years required for promotion may be reduced by six months: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
1. and 2. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(3) In the case of special promotion prescribed in paragraph (1) 1 through 3, public officials of classes V, and VII or below (in the case of public officials in postal service, referring to public officials of postal class IV or below) may be promoted to immediately superior classes by undergoing promotion screening, notwithstanding the order in the promotion ranking register, and public officials of class VI (in the case of public officials in postal service, referring to postal class III) may undergo promotion screening or preferentially apply for examinations for general promotion as prescribed by the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials, notwithstanding the order in the promotion ranking register. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(4) In the case of special promotion prescribed in paragraph (1) 4 and 5, such promotion may be given, notwithstanding Articles 33, 34, 34-3 and 35. In such cases, if it is a special promotion to a position of the senior civil service, such promotion may be given, notwithstanding Article 16 of the Regulations on the Personnel Management of the Senior Civil Service.
(5) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 35-3 (Selection, Designation, etc. of Treatment Public Officials and Indispensable Officials for Administrative Affairs)
(1) A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointments may select public officials in general service under his/her control who have worked for a period exceeding the minimum number of years of service required for promotion, have no ground of restriction on promotion and have shown outstanding performance as treatment public officials of immediately higher position (hereinafter referred to as "treatment public official"). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(2) A competent minister may designate treatment public officials who are public officials of class VI (in the case of pubic officials in postal service, referring to postal class III) who desire to continue to diligently work in the relevant classes and are recognized to be particularly necessary for the operation of the agency as they have an eminent ability to conduct administrative affairs as indispensable officials for administrative affairs. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(3) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the selection and designation of treatment public officials and indispensable officials for administrative affairs referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(4) Allowances may be paid to treatment public officials and indispensable officials for administrative affairs referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) as prescribed by the Regulations on Allowances, etc. of Public Officials.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 35-4 (Promotion on Continuous Service)
(1) In the case of the integration and operation of the prescribed numbers of public officials prescribed in Article 26 (2) of the General Rules for the Organization and Personnel of Administrative Agencies, persons eligible for promotion shall meet the minimum number of years of service required for promotion referred to in Article 31, and hold office in the relevant classes for the following periods (hereinafter referred to as "period of continuous service for promotion") including the minimum number of years of service required for promotion: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 27822, Jan. 31, 2017>
1. Class VII: At least 11 years;
2. Class VIII: At least seven years;
3. Class IX: At least five years and six months.
(2) Where a retired State public official or local public official is appointed to the class of the time of retirement or below, periods of service before ten years from the date of preparation of the register of candidates for promotion shall also be added to the period of continuous service for promotion, notwithstanding the former part of Article 31 (5): <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23014, Jul. 4, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
1. through 6. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the periods classified as follows may be deducted from the periods of continuous service for promotion with respect to any of the following public officials: Provided, That the Minister of Personnel Management may limit the number of public officials whose period of continuous service for promotion is reduced under subparagraph 2: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. A public official who has experienced exchange of personnel referred to in Article 48 (1) 1: A period equivalent to 1/2 of the period of exchange of personnel;
2. A public official who shows an outstanding performance in the promotion of major businesses, such as national agenda: One year.
(4) A candidate for promotion on continuous service to a public official of class VI (in the case of public officials in postal service, referring to postal class VI) referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be a public official of class VII who is listed in the register of candidates for promotion and meeting requirements for promotion on continuous service. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(5) Whenever a person with appointment authority screens promotion on continuous service to public officials of class VI referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2), he/she shall not give a promotion on continuous service to persons in excess of the number of persons (if there is a decimal, one person shall be added) equivalent to 30/100 of candidates for promotion on continuous service of the relevant agency. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 27256, Jun. 24, 2016>
(6) Screening for promotion on continuous service to public officials of class VI referred to in paragraph (5) may be conducted once a year, in consideration of the date of preparation of the register of candidates for promotion referred to in Article 29 of the Regulations on the Performance Evaluation, etc. of Public Officials. In such cases, the person with appointment authority may, if necessary for the smooth operation of personnel, conduct screening for promotion on continuous service by dividing registers of candidates for promotion by period of service of public officials of class VII. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(7) In the case of meeting the requirements for promotion on continuous service in paragraphs (1) and (2), promotion screening may be conducted five days prior to reaching the period of continuous service for promotion. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011>
(8) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters regarding the methods of promotion on continuous service and operation of personnel other than the matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (7). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[Title Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013]
 Article 36 (Promotion of Public Officials of Class VI or Below of Correctional Job Series)
Notwithstanding Articles 33, 34 and 35-2, promotion of public officials of class VI or below of the correctional job series referred to in Article 40 of the Act and special promotion of public officials of class VI or below of the correctional job series referred to in Article 40-4 (1) 2 of the Act shall be separately prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012]
 Articles 36-2 through 36-5 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 19187, Dec. 26, 2005>
 Articles 37 through 37-4 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 18416, Jun. 11, 2004>
 Article 38 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 16075, Dec. 31, 1998>
 Article 39
[The Former Article 39 is Moved to Article 35-2. <by Presidential Decree No. 14499, Dec. 31, 1994>]
 Article 39-2 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 10345, Jun. 10, 1981>
CHAPTER V HOLDING CONCURRENT OFFICE AND SECONDMENT
 Article 40 (Concurrent Office)
(1) In any of the following cases, a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment may permit a public official to hold a concurrent office pursuant to Article 32-3 of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. Where it is necessary to secure professional human resources relevant to the expected position of appointment;
2. Appointing teaching personnel of each level of education and training institutions;
3. Where it is necessary to jointly perform special duties which require close cooperation among related agencies.
(2) Holding a concurrent office prescribed in paragraph (1) shall be allowed only in any of the following cases and within the scope not obstructing the performance of his/her primary duties: Provided, That in the case of holding a concurrent office as a public official in general service pursuant to subparagraph 3, the relevant person shall be appointed as a non-permanent public official, and in the case of holding a concurrent office as a public official in general service pursuant to subparagraph 4, he/she may hold the concurrent office where he/she falls under paragraph (1) 3: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23644, Feb. 29, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. Between a public official in educational service of each level of schools equal to or above high schools and a public official in general service whose job is similar thereto;
2. Between a public official of the research job series and another public official in general service whose job is similar thereto;
3. Between a public official in general service and a professor of private junior colleges, universities (including graduate schools) and research institutes attached thereto, whose job is similar thereto and executives and employees of institutions provided for in the subparagraphs of Article 4 (1) of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions;
4. Between a public official in general service and another public official in general service whose duties are related to those of the public official in general service.
(3) The term of concurrent office referred to in paragraph (2) shall be within two years, and may, if particularly necessary, be extended for up to two years. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010>
(4) In the case of holding a concurrent office referred to in paragraph (2), the head of the agency of the concurrent office shall appoint or recommend the appointment with the consent of the head of the agency of the main post. In such cases, the head of the agency of the main post shall give his/her consent to hold a concurrent office, except in extenuating circumstances. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
[This Article Newly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 41 (Secondment)
(1) In any of the following cases, the head of each administrative agency may second public officials under his/her jurisdiction pursuant to Article 32-4 of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 26944, Feb. 3, 2016>
1. Where it is particularly necessary to conduct national projects at institutions or organizations other than national institutions;
2. Where it is to support administrative affairs of another institution due to its heavy work load;
3. Where the jurisdiction of administrative affairs is not clear or it is necessary to jointly perform special duties which require close cooperation between relevant institutions;
4. Where it is necessary for the education and training of public officials under his/her jurisdiction under the Act on the Capacity Development of Public Officials;
5. Where a public official under his/her jurisdiction is selected as teaching personnel of a public officials' educational and training institution under the Act on the Capacity Development of Public Officials or it is necessary to perform duties related to education and training;
6. Where it is necessary for the performance of duties and development of abilities in international organizations, or foreign governments or research institutions;
7. Where it is necessary for collection of data, etc. relevant to the performance of duties, development of abilities or formulation of national policies at domestic research institutions, and civil institutions and organizations.
(2) The periods of secondment referred to in paragraph (1) are as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011>
1. The period of secondment referred to in paragraph (1) 1 through 3 and 7 shall be within two years, on condition that the period of secondment may, if necessary, be extended within the scope that the total period of secondment does not exceed five years;
2. The period of secondment referred to in paragraph (1) 5 shall be within one year, on condition that the period of secondment may, if necessary, be extended to the scope that the total period of secondment does not exceed two years;
3. The period of secondment referred to in paragraph (1) 4 and 6 shall be a period needed for education and training, performance of duties and development of abilities.
(3) Where it is intended to second a public official under control under paragraph (1) 1 through 3 and 5, the head of the agency to receive the seconded public official shall request such secondment in advance, and in any of the following cases, he/she shall undergo consultations with the Minister of Personnel Management: Provided, That where secondment is requested under paragraph (1) 1, the head of the agency to receive a public official on secondment shall undergo consultations with the competent minister (including heads of cheongs which are central administrative agencies) and in the case of extending the period of secondment of a public official of class VI or below within the scope of the period of secondment discussed under paragraph (9) or replacing a public official on secondment after the period of secondment of a public official of class VI or below terminates, consultations with the Minister of Personnel Management may be omitted. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Seconding a public official under control under paragraph (1) 1 through 3, 6 and 7;
2. Extending a period of secondment referred to in subparagraph 1;
3. Returning a person seconded during secondment referred to in subparagraph 1 before the period of secondment terminates.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3), in any of the following cases, public officials may be seconded upon approval from the competent ministers: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010>
1. Secondment from a superior agency of an agency to its subordinate agency, the competent minister of which is the same;
2. Secondment between agencies of the same level, the competent minister of which is the same;
3. Where the period of secondment is less than one year.
(5) The head of an agency which holds authority for change of placement or authority to recommend the change of placement shall issue orders for secondment: Provided, That orders for secondment prescribed in paragraph (1) 4, excluding the secondment of heads of agencies and secondment where separate personnel is recognized under Article 42, shall be issued by the head of the competent agency. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010>
(6) Where it is necessary for practical training referred to in Article 24 (2), the Minister of Personnel Management may second probationary public officials under his/her control to each level of administrative agencies to let such public officials serve therefor, notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (5). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(7) A competent minister shall, in any of the following cases, notify the Minister of Personnel Management of such fact: Provided, That the same shall not apply where the period of secondment is less than one year: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Secondment without consultations with the Minister of Personnel Management under the proviso to paragraph (3), and paragraph (4);
2. Returning a person seconded during secondment before the period of secondment terminates, which falls into grounds the Minister of Personnel Management determines.
(8) No public official seconded on the grounds prescribed in paragraph (1) 1 through 7 shall receive allowances, expenses and other money in excess of the standards the Minister of Personnel Management determines from the agency to which he/she is seconded, other than remuneration. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(9) The Minister of Personnel Management shall, when consulting on secondment pursuant to paragraph (3), have a prior consultation with the Minister of the Interior and Safety over job classes, scale, etc. of separate personnel prescribed in Article 24-2 of the General Rules on the Organization and Personnel of Administrative Agencies. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 10345, Jun. 10, 1981]
 Article 41-2 (Secondment of Nongovernmental Experts)
(1) Where a competent minister receives a seconded executive/employee of an institution or organization (hereafter referred to as "private institution" in this Article), other than national institutions, to have such executive/employee work under Article 32-4 (1) of the Act, he/she shall have prior consultations with the head of a nongovernmental institution to which the person to be seconded belongs.
(2) No executive/employee of nongovernmental institutions who have a direct interest in the duties to be performed by seconded persons shall be seconded to national institutions.
(3) The period of secondment of executives/employees of nongovernmental institutions who are seconded under Article 32-4 (1) of the Act shall be up to two years, on condition that such period may, if necessary, be extended for up to one year.
(4) Where a competent minister receives a seconded executive/employee from a nongovernmental institution to have such executive/employee work pursuant to Article 32-4 (1) of the Act or extends the period of secondment pursuant to paragraph (3) of this Article, he/she shall notify the Minister of Personnel Management of such fact, as prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(5) The heads of agencies to which executives/employees of private institutions are seconded (hereafter referred to as "institution receiving persons on secondment" in this Article) may, in any of the following cases, return the persons on secondment to the original institutions to which such persons belong. In such cases, the heads of agencies shall notify the heads of the private institutions to which such persons belong of the grounds therefor: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012>
1. Where the ground for secondment ceases to exist;
2. Where it is unlikely to attain the objectives of secondment;
3. Where a person on secondment conducts an act in clear violation of the objectives of secondment.
(6) Executives/employees of private institutions seconded to national institutions shall be placed under the directions and supervision of the heads of institutions receiving the persons on secondment with respect to services.
(7) Before consulting with the head of the private institution to which the person to be seconded belongs under paragraph (1), the competent minister shall deliberate on the appropriateness of the secondment of the executive/employee of the relevant private institution by organizing a private expert secondment deliberation committee in which at least 1/2 of members are not public officials. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012>
(8) The Minister of Personnel Management may, if necessary, check institutions receiving persons on secondment in terms of the actual state of utilization. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(9) Where the Minister of Personnel Management deems that it is necessary for the head of an institution receiving persons on secondment to utilize the results of checking referred to in paragraph (8) for the operation of persons on secondment, judgment on whether to return executives/employees of private institutions to the original institutions to which they belong, direction and supervision of persons on secondment in terms of services, etc., he/she may notify the heads of institutions receiving persons on secondment thereof. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(10) The head of an institution receiving persons on secondment which is notified of the results of checking under paragraph (9) shall notify the Minister of Personnel Management of the details of utilization of or measures for the results of the relevant checking. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 42 (Filling of Vacancies Resulting from Secondment, etc.)
(1) Where the period of secondment is not less than one year (in the case of secondment referred to in Article 41 (1) 4, six months), the vacancies may be filled on the assumption that there is a separately prescribed number of staff members corresponding to the class of the persons seconded or to positions of the senior civil service under Article 43 (2) of the Act. In such cases, the competent minister shall consult with the Minister of Personnel Management in advance, and the Minister of Personnel Management shall consult within the scope of the separately prescribed number of personnel members discussed with the Minister of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Where a public official who has a remaining period of not more than one year before the retirement age takes training in order to cultivate his/her ability of social adaptation in preparation for retirement, the vacancy may be filled on the assumption that there is a separately prescribed number of personnel members under Article 43 (2) of the Act. In such cases, the Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters concerning procedures, etc. for secondment for training. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(3) In the case of going on temporary retirement for not less than three months in connection with a maternity leave under Article 71 (2) 4 of the Act, the vacancy may be filled on the assumption that there is a separately prescribed number of personnel members under the proviso to Article 43 (1) of the Act.
(4) A vacancy resulting from temporary retirement or secondment (limited to officials of professional career) of officials of professional career and non-permanent public officials shall be filled by a non-permanent public official. In such cases, the period of service of the non-permanent public official shall be the period of temporary retirement (in the case of parental leaves connected with maternity leaves, including the periods of maternity leaves) or period of secondment of the relevant person on temporary retirement or on secondment. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 42-2 (Promotion, etc. of Public Officials on Secondment)
A public official seconded under Article 43 (2) of the Act shall be promoted or newly employed for the exchange of personnel, etc., when falling under any of the following cases: Provided, That in the case of falling under subparagraph 4, he/she shall undergo consultations with the Minister of Personnel Management: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Promoting a public official on secondment within the scope of the personnel prescribed by Acts or Presidential Decrees which provide for the organization and personnel of agencies of each level or within the personnel separately prescribed through consulting with the Minister of the Interior and Safety under Article 24-2 of the General Rules on the Organization and Personnel of Administrative Agencies. In such cases, there shall be no excessive personnel in the organization of the original agency;
2. Newly employing a local public official in a secondment position as a State public official according to the exchange of personnel between central agencies and local agencies;
3. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
4. Employing a person who retired as a public official in general service in order to place such person in a secondment position within three years from the date of retirement. In such cases, there shall be no excessive personnel in the organization of the original agency.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
CHAPTER VI MANAGEMENT OF PLACEMENT AND EXCHANGE OF PERSONNEL
 Article 43 (Standards for Management of Assigned Positions)
(1) Except as otherwise prescribed by statutes and in any of the following cases, a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment shall appoint public officials under his/her jurisdiction to one job grade or position. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26944, Feb. 3, 2016>
1. As there is no vacancy for the return of a person on temporary retirement, return of a person on secondment, or return of a person subject to removal, release or dismissal whose vacancy is filled on the assumption that there is a separately prescribed number of personnel prescribed in Article 43 (1) through (3) of the Act in the relevant class and position (in the case of high-ranking officials, referring to the positions of the senior civil service) of the relevant agency, the relevant public official or high-ranking official of the relevant class and position is made work without a placement until there occurs the first vacancy in the personnel of such class and position (in the case of high-ranking officials, referring to the positions of the senior civil service) (the relevant agency means an agency headed by a person with the authority for appointment or person with the authority to recommend appointments who holds the authority to newly employ the relevant public official and the agencies belonging thereto);
2. Where a person on secondment whose vacancy is approved to be filled under Article 42 is made work without a placement for a period not long than two months as it is recognized to be particularly necessary to prepare for secondment aiming at entrusted education of at least one year referred to in Article 13 of the Act on the Capacity Development of Public Officials or long-term overseas training of at least one year under the Regulations on International Cooperation in Science and Technology for a person on secondment whose vacancy is approved to be filled under Article 42;
3. Where a public official who goes on overseas secondment of at least one year under Article 41 (1) 6 or goes on temporary retirement to be temporarily employed by an international organization or foreign agency for at least one year referred to in Article 71 (2) 1 of the Act works without a placement for a period not longer than two weeks as it is recognized to be particularly necessary for the takeover of the duties of such public official;
4. Where a public official is made work without a placement for the preparation of new establishment, etc. of the agency for a period not longer than two months as at the time of new establishment, alternation and abolition of the organization;
(2) A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointments shall, when placing public officials under his/her control, place the right man in the right place, taking into account the requirements for duties of positions and personal requirements for public officials under his/her control in the following subparagraphs, and if an analysis of duties prescribed in the Job Analysis Regulations or a capability evaluation referred to in Article 10-3 of this Decree is conducted, he/she may utilize the results thereof: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011>
1. Requirements for duties of a position:
(a) Major business activities of a position;
(b) Responsibility for the performance of a position;
(c) Degree of difficulty of performance of duties;
(d) Requirements for the performance of duties;
2. Personal requirements for public officials:
(a) Job series and sub-job series;
(b) Degree of ethical consciousness and degree of integrity;
(c) Level of capabilities held;
(d) Career and majoring area and training records;
(e) Other particulars.
(3) A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointments shall grade positions according to the difficulty and degree of responsibility of duties and place public officials under his/her control in the way they can properly develop their abilities, based on their careers, actual performance, etc.
(4) A public official who has received entrusted education and training inside or outside Korea or education and training for at least six months shall be placed in a position relevant to the contents of such education and training, except under special circumstances.
(5) A public official who holds a certificate of special qualifications shall be placed in a position relevant to such certificate, except under special circumstances.
(6) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011>
(7) A competent minister shall determine and implement standards for management of placement of public officials under his/her control under Article 32-5 of the Act and as prescribed by this Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 43-2 (Management of Placement by Area)
(1) A competent minister shall endeavor to foster and manage public officials of class III or below who are placed in positions of plural class of class III or IV by specialized field of work through personnel management, such as change of placement: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 27787, Jan. 10, 2017>
1. through 3. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012>
(2) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012>
(3) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the management of placement by area, such as standards for classification of specialized fields of work and methods of management of placement which are referred to in paragraph (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 27787, Jan. 10, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 43-3 (Management of Assigned Positions by Types of Positions, Designation of Specialist Positions, etc.)
(1) A competent minister shall classify the positions of the relevant agency by type, in consideration of characteristics of duties, necessity of long-term service in relevant positions, etc., and endeavor to improve expertise in administration by reflecting such classification in the management of placement.
(2) A competent minister may designate and manage the positions of the relevant agency which particularly require expertise as specialist positions, and designate and manage groups of specialist positions for which requirements for performance of duties or service areas referred to in paragraph (3) are similar as specialist position groups.
(3) A competent minister shall set requirements for performance of duties for the specialist positions designated under paragraph (2) (hereinafter referred to as "specialist position") and designated by the Minister of Personnel Management, and select persons who meet the requirements for performance of duties as specialist officials. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(4) A public official appointed to a specialist position may be transferred to another position after he/she serves in the specialist position for a period designated by the Minister of Personnel Management within four years, and a public official of a specialist position group designated pursuant to paragraph (2) may be transferred to positions other than positions of the relevant specialist position group for a period designated by the Minister of Personnel Management within eight years: Provided, That in cases prescribed by Minister of Personnel Management, such as transfer between positions whose requirements for the performance of duties are identical, a public official may be transferred to another position, irrespective of a period. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(5) Additional points referred to in Article 27 of the Regulations on the Performance Evaluation, etc. of Public Officials may be given for careers of service in specialist positions or in specialist position groups, and allowances shall be paid to positions for which it is necessary to pay allowances among specialist positions within budgetary limits, as prescribed by the Regulations for Allowances, etc. of Public Officials.
(6) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the management of placement by type of a position and operation of specialist positions and specialist position groups, such as standards for classification of types of position, designation of specialist positions and specialist position groups, and selection of specialist officials, other than the matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (5). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014]
 Article 43-4 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 16365, May 24, 1999>
 Article 44 (Transfer to Another Position of Public Officials in Service)
Where a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment conducts a transfer of a public official under his/her jurisdiction, he/she shall transfer the public official to another position so that the relevant public official may improve his/her expertise and efficiency in duties of which he/she is in charge, and be able to perform his/her duties in a creative and stable manner. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 13400, Jun. 27, 1991]
 Article 45 (Observance, etc. of Compulsory Period of Assignment to Positions)
(1) A person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment may transfer a public official under his/her jurisdiction to another position only when the compulsory period of assignment to a position expires from the date on which he/she appoints such public official to the relevant position. In such cases, the compulsory period of assignment to a position shall be three years, however, the compulsory period of assignment to a position of public officials of class III or IV assigned to positions of auxiliary agencies established under the heads of offices or the heads of bureaus pursuant to the main sentence of Article 2 (3) of the Government Organization Act or assisting agencies equivalent thereto, and public officials who hold office positions of the Senior Executive Service shall be two years. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(2) Notwithstanding the latter part of paragraph (1), in any of the following cases, the competent minister may specially designate a compulsory period of assignment to a position. In such cases, the compulsory period of assignment to a position shall be at least two years: <New Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. Where the competent minister transfers a public official under his/her jurisdiction to another position whose duties are identical to those of the present position within an office or a bureau of a central administrative agency or an auxiliary agency, an assisting agency or a competent agency equivalent thereto;
2. Where the competent minister transfers a public official under his/her jurisdiction to another position in another agency or another region, whose duties are similar to those of the present position (limited to transfer within an agency under control of the same competent minister);
3. Other cases corresponding to subparagraphs 1 and 2.
(3) Notwithstanding the latter part of paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), in any of the following cases, a person authorized to appoint a public official or a person authorized to recommend appointment may transfer a public official under his/her jurisdiction to another position: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. Where the competent minister transfers the relevant public official to another agency;
2. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person authorized to recommend appointment transfers the relevant public official to another position due to the reorganization of an organization or any changes to the rules of the organization and the fixed number of personnel;
3. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person authorized to recommend appointment transfers the relevant public official who was promoted and appointed or demoted to another position;
4. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person authorized to recommend appointment assigns a public official who has served or conducted research for at least one year to a position corresponding to a position to which such public official is scheduled to be appointed while the public official holds the relevant position or an immediately subordinate position (in the case of a high-ranking public official, referring to a position in the Senior Executive Service or a position he/she held immediately before he/she is promoted and appointed to a position in the Senior Executive Service);
5. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person authorized to recommend appointment deems transfer especially necessary in order for public officials in a series of jobs in correctional service, probation service, public prosecution, investigation of narcotics, immigration control, railroad police to conduct public security affairs, or in order for public officials in a series of jobs in forestry to conduct affairs concerning the preservation of forests;
6. Where a public official is subjected to disciplinary actions;
7. Where a public official is investigated by an investigative agency because he/she is related to a criminal case;
8. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person authorized to recommend appointment transfers a public official who is undergoing a probationary period after he/she has passed an open competitive recruitment examination;
9. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person authorized to recommend appointment transfers a public official in general service of class V or lower class to an agency in an autonomous Gu/Si/Gun where his/her spouse or lineal ascendant resides;
10. Where a public official is recognized as a person scheduled to be promoted or as an ineligible person among public officials in charge of self-inspection;
11. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person authorized to recommend appointment transfers a public official of class IV assigned to a position of class IV or V to a higher position;
12. Where the person authorized to appoint public officials or the person authorized to recommend appointment appoints a public official to a specialist position prescribed in Article 43-3, an opening position prescribed in Article 28-4 of the Act or a publicly recruited position prescribed in Article 28-5 of the Act;
13. Where the head of an agency deems transfer especially necessary to perform major government projects or urgent outstanding affairs, or conduct transfer under a plan to foster talents, or where the person authorized to appoint a public official or the person authorized to recommend appointment deems transfer especially necessary to secure expert knowledge or ability concerning a position scheduled to be appointed.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), where it is especially necessary for the improvement, etc. of expertise in the field of the relevant affairs, the competent minister may specially designate the fields of affairs to which the compulsory period of assignment to a position does not apply. In such cases, the competent minister shall consult with the Minister of Personnel Management in advance. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(5) The date of appointment falling under any of the following shall not be deemed the date on which a public official is appointed to the relevant position when the compulsory period of assignment to a position under the latter part of paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) is calculated: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. Sep. 25, 2015>
2. Date of promotion and appointment, the date of demotion or the date of demotion and appointment;
3. Date of appointment of a probationary public official to a regular public official;
4. Where the appointment of a public official is announced again by changing the name of an agency to which he/she belongs, his/her position or rank only due to the reorganization of an organization, or any changes to the rules of the organization or the fixed number of personnel, the date of his/her appointment: Provided, That the foregoing shall apply only where his/her duties are not changed.
(6) A person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment may transfer a public official employed through the following competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. only after the following periods (excluding the period of temporary retirement from his/her office, the period of removal from his/her office, and the period of suspension from his/her office) have passed from the date on which he/she is appointed to the first position: Provided, That where such public official falls under paragraph (3) 2 through 7, he/she may transfer the public official even though the following periods have not passed: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24503, Apr. 22, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25415, Jun. 30, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 28220, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. A public official employed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. pursuant to Article 28 (2) 6, 8 or 12 of the Act: Five years;
2. A public official employed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. pursuant to Article 28 (2) 2, 3, 9 and 10 of the Act: Five years where the competent minister transfers him/her to another agency, or four years where the competent minister transfers him/her within the same agency: Provided, That where the competent minister transfers a public official who is a severely disabled person employed pursuant to Article 20-3 of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials within the same agency for reasons of health, etc., two years;
3. A public official who meets the requirements prescribed in Article 16 (1) 2, 3 and 10 and is employed on the relevant grounds among public officials employed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. prescribed in Article 28 (2) 13 of the Act: Five years where the competent minister transfers him/her to another agency, or four years where the competent minister transfers him/her within the same agency;
4. A public official employed to conduct special assignments pursuant to the latter part of Article 16 (1) 13 among public officials employed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. prescribed in Article 28 (2) 13 of the Act: Five years.
(7) Where a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment intends to transfer a public official before the compulsory period of assignment to a position expires pursuant to paragraph (3) or the proviso to paragraph (6), he/she shall obtain prior approval from the competent minister when he/she intends to transfer such public official on the grounds prescribed in paragraph (3) 4, 10, 12 and 13, and where the competent minister grants prior approval for the relevant transfer, he/she shall immediately notify the Minister of Personnel Management of the fact, as prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management: Provided, That in the case of a position designated to be excepted from the application of prior approval by the competent minister among positions in which public officials conduct simple repetitive tasks, or civil affairs, regulation or support tasks, the person authorized to appoint a public official or the person authorized to recommend appointment may transfer the public official without prior approval. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(8) A person who passes a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. administered after determining an area in which he/she is scheduled to serve or an agency in which he/she is scheduled to serve pursuant to Article 37 (2) of the Act may be transferred to another area or another agency (referring to an agency having a different competent minister or a different head who is a public official belonging to the senior civil service or above and is vested with authority to appoint under Article 5 (2)) after five years (excluding the period of temporary retirement from his/her office, the period of removal from his/her office and the period of suspension from his/her office) elapse from the date on which he/she is appointed to the relevant area or the relevant agency: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where he/she is transferred due to the reorganization of an organization, or any changes to the organization of a government agency or the fixed number of personnel. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015; Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27822, Jan. 31, 2017>
(9) No person authorized to appoint public officials shall transfer a public official under his/her jurisdiction, applying for an examination for general promotion, to another agency whose unit of preparation of a list of candidates for promotion is different from that of the present agency. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(10) Where assigned positions in each field are managed pursuant to Article 43-2 (1), the compulsory period of assignment to a position under the latter part of paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) shall not apply to a person who is appointed as a probationary public official after passing a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. and a person whose job has been changed or who has been transferred to another agency by the competent minister for three years from the date on which he/she is appointed to the first position. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(11) A person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment may favorably treat public officials who have continuously served in the same position for a period more than the compulsory period of assignment to a position for personnel management. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(12) Where necessary to raise the rate of observance of the compulsory period of assignment to a position, the Minister of Personnel Management may require each agency to formulate a relevant plan, adjust and evaluate the relevant plans after receiving them, and take necessary measures in order for each agency to observe the relevant plan. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 45-2 (Transfer of Recruited Persons Classified by Sub-Series of Jobs)
(1) Except in any of the following cases, the competent minister may transfer a public official who passes an open competitive recruitment examination for class V administered in each sub-series of jobs pursuant to Article 2 of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials to another agency after three years (excluding the period of appointment as a probational public official, the period of temporary retirement from his/her office, the period of removal from his/her position and the period of suspension from his/her office) elapse from the date of the first appointment: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. Where the relevant public official is transferred due to the reorganization of an organization, or any changes to the organization of a government agency or the fixed number of personnel;
2. Where a public official belonging to another agency is transferred according to necessity for human resources management of a central administrative agency newly established or combined, or a person who has abundant knowledge of a foreign language is transferred to secure female experts in the field of international affairs.
(2) Where a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment intends to transfer a public official pursuant to paragraph (1) 2, he/she shall hold consultations with the Minister of Personnel Management in advance. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 45-3 (Exceptional Transfer of Non-Permanent Public Officials)
In any of the following cases, a person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment may transfer a non-permanent public official from the relevant position to another position. In such cases, where a non-permanent public official falls under subparagraph 1, he/she shall be deemed appointed according to the previous requirements for appointment regarding the period of service, an annual salary grade, etc. of the non-permanent public official: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Where a non-permanent public official falls under any of the following, in which cases the organization is reshaped, the organization of a government agency or the fixed number of personnel is changed or abolished:
(a) Where the relevant non-permanent public official is continuously appointed for the period of service without changing the class and the field of duties due to the transfer of the fixed number of personnel to other agencies, etc.;
(b) Where the competent minister continues to appoint a non-permanent public official to the position of another non-permanent public official whose class or field of duties is identical or similar to that of such non-permanent public official within the same agency, as prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management;
2. Where a public official in a career position who is not a non-permanent public official is transferred again to the position of the public official in a career position who is not a non-permanent public official after appointing him/her as a non-permanent public official.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013]
 Article 46 (Change of Placement of Probationary Public Officials to Agencies of Regular Service)
Where a probationary public official under control completes practical training, the Minister of Personnel Management shall change the placement of such public official to an agency for which such public official will work regularly, by applying Article 13 (1) and (2) mutatis mutandis thereto, and where the number of the current staff members exceeds the prescribed number of staff members as a result of the change of placement, the relevant agency shall be considered to have the separately prescribed number of staff members corresponding to the number of such staff members until the prescribed number of staff members and the number of current staff members coincide. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 47 (Exchange of Personnel of Public Officials Working in Special Areas)
(1) Where a public official provided for in Article 12 (1) of the Regulations for Public Officials' Allowances, etc. who is of class V or below (excluding public officials of the lighthouse management job series) worked in a relevant island or remote area for consecutive two years or above, the competent minister shall change the placement of such public official to another agency located in an area other than the island or remote area by formulating a personnel exchange plan. In such cases, the placement of such public official shall be changed to the agency the person in question desires to work for in principle within the scope the competent minister determines. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
(2) In the case of paragraph (1), if the person in question does not desire to change his/her placement to another agency or there exist special grounds, the competent minister may exclude such public official from persons subject to change of placement, and may separately determine the period of service of public officials to be subject to change of placement within the scope not exceeding three years in consideration of the special characteristics of the relevant agency.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 48 (Exchange of Personnel Members between Administrative Agencies)
(1) The Minister of Personnel Management may, when falling under any of the following cases under Article 32-2 of the Act, formulate and implement a personnel exchange plan between administrative agencies (hereinafter referred to as "personnel exchange plan"). In such cases, the Minister of Personnel Management shall reflect the personnel exchange plan by job series referred to in the latter part of paragraph (2) in the personnel exchange plan: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Where it is necessary for the balanced placement and efficient utilization of personnel members, promotion of cooperative system between administrative agencies, security of connectivity between formulation and implementation of national policies, offering of opportunities for comprehensive development of abilities of public officials, etc.;
2. Where it is necessary for the settlement of predicaments of public officials, such as a dual-worker family, childcare, supporting parents, or nursing family members.
(2) Exchange of personnel in paragraph (1) 1 shall be implemented by administrative area, such as economy, technology, society, culture and general administration, by organizational class between central administrative agencies and local administrative agencies or by specialized job similar in terms of characteristics of duties. In such cases, in order to activate the exchange of personnel of public officials of job series of which number of persons prescribed by statutes which provide for organization and personnel is small, the Minister of Personnel Management may designate another central administrative agency or an agency belonging thereto as an agency in charge of exchange of personnel through consultations between relevant agencies, and have such agency formulate and implement a personnel exchange plan by job series. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(3) A public officials in service by being appointed to a position eligible for the exchange of personnel referred to in paragraph (1) 1 may be treated preferentially in terms of personnel affairs as prescribed by the Regulations on the Performance Evaluation, etc. of Public Officials, and may receive allowances as prescribed by the Regulations on Allowances, etc. for Public Officials, within budgetary limits. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014>
(4) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the exchange of personnel other than the matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 49 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 21386, Mar. 31, 2009>
 Article 49-2 (Change of Placement, etc. of Excessive Current Staff Members Following Reorganization and Adjustment of Staff)
(1) In the case of rearranging the excessive current staff members under Article 6 of the Act and Article 26-2 of the General Rules on the Organization and Personnel of Administrative Agencies, the change of placement between agencies may be possible regardless of existence or non-existence of vacancies.
(2) In the case of changing placements between agencies under paragraph (1), the competent minister may omit the procedures for consenting to moving-in or moving-out, notwithstanding the main sentence of Article 17 of the Regulations for Personnel Records, Statistics and Handling of Personnel Affairs of Public Officials.
(3) Where agencies are combined or abolished according to reorganization, or part of duties under jurisdiction is transferred to an agency under a different competent minister, the head of the original agency may determine the agency to receive the current staff members who are not included in the prescribed number of staff members of the organization due to secondment, temporary retirement or other causes before reorganization through consulting with the central agency in charge of personnel affairs in consideration of careers, purpose of secondment, details of training, etc. of the relevant public officials. In such cases, the relevant public officials shall be considered as public officials under the control of the agency to receive such public officials on the dates on which statutes pertaining to the relevant reorganization enter into force.
(4) The Minister of Personnel Management may, if necessary to re-arrange (including rearrangement within the same agency) the excessive current staff members resulting from reorganization and adjustment of personnel, allow exemption of examinations for change of position or competitive recruitment examinations for career positions, etc., notwithstanding this Decree and the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(5) In the case of rating careers of a public official rearranged by means of change of position under paragraph (4), the career in the class before the change of position and the career in the immediately subordinate class shall be considered to be the career in the class after the change of position and the career in the immediately subordinate class.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 49-3 (Return, etc. of Public Officials Whose Placement Is Changed to Agency under Different Competent Minister)
(1) Where a public official whose placement is changed to an agency under a different competent minister for the conduct of national projects, etc. desires to return to the original agency, the person authorized for change of placement or the person authorized to recommend the change of placement may change the placement of or recommend the change of placement of the relevant public official to the original agency through consultation with the head of the original agency and with the Minister of Personnel Management. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(2) Where the number of the current staff members exceeds the prescribed number of staff members due to the change of placement referred to in paragraph (1), the relevant agency shall be considered to have a separately prescribed number of staff members corresponding to such number of staff members until the prescribed number of staff members and the number of the current staff members coincide.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23014, Jul. 4, 2011]
CHAPTER VII TEMPORARY RETIREMENT AND SERVICE UNDER FLEXIBLE WORKING HOURS
 Article 50 (Scope of Private Enterprises, etc.)
(1) "Private enterprises prescribed by Presidential Decree and other agencies" in Article 71 (2) 1 of the Act means any of the following corporations, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
1. Corporations established for commercial purpose, such as a partnership company, limited partnership company, limited liability company and stock company which are established under the Commercial Act (including foreign companies referred to in Article 614 of the Commercial Act) and located in Korea;
2. Corporations, organizations, associations, etc. which are established under Acts other than the Commercial Act and located in Korea.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in any of the following cases, it shall be excluded from the scope of private enterprises, etc. prescribed in paragraph (1): <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
1. An organization related to public service prescribed in Article 3-2 of the Public Service Ethics Act;
2. A company belonging to a group of companies restricted from mutual investment, etc. prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management among companies belonging to a group of companies restricted from mutual investment, etc. prescribed in Article 14 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act;
3. A financial holding company referred to in Article 2 (1) 1 of the Financial Holding Companies Act and subsidiary companies, etc. of financial holding companies (referring to subsidiary companies, etc. referred to in Article 4 (1) 2 of the same Act);
4. A law firm referred to in Article 40 of the Attorney-at-Law Act, limited liability law firm referred to in Article 58-2 of the same Act, law firm partnership referred to in Article 58-18 of the same Act, and a law office referred to in Article 89-6 (3) of the same Act;
5. An accounting corporation referred to in Article 23 (1) of the Certified Public Accountant Act;
6. A tax accounting corporation referred to in Article 16-3 (1) of the Certified Tax Accountant Act;
7. A foreign legal consultant office referred to in subparagraph 4 of Article 2 of the Foreign Legal Consultant Act;
8. A corporation, organization, or association, etc. corresponding to subparagraphs 1 through 7, which is determined by the Minister of Personnel Management.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 51 (Procedures, etc. for Temporary Retirement)
(1) The Minister of Personnel Management shall, when necessary to implement temporary retirement for nongovernmental service, formulate a plan for the operation of temporary retirement for nongovernmental service which includes the following matters and announce such plan through the Official Gazette, internet, daily newspapers, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
1. Scope of private enterprises referred to in Article 50 and other institutions (hereinafter referred to as "private enterprises, etc."), requirements for eligibility and methods of application;
2. Number of public officials eligible for temporary retirement, requirements for eligibility and methods of recommendation;
3. Standards and procedures for temporary retirement for nongovernmental service;
4. Other matters necessary for the operation of temporary retirement for nongovernmental service.
(2) Where a head of a private enterprise, etc. which complies with the standards for qualification stipulated in the plan for the operation of temporary retirement for nongovernmental service in paragraph (1) intends to employ a public official temporarily, he/she shall file an application with the Minister of Personnel Management along with matters necessary for the employment. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(3) The Minister of Personnel Management shall, when receiving an application referred to in paragraph (2), notify each competent minister of the details thereof. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(4) A competent minister shall, when receiving a notice referred to in paragraph (3), recommend public officials in compliance with the requirements for qualification, standards, etc. to the Minister of Personnel Management in consideration of the purpose of temporary retirement for nongovernmental service by the procedures of selection the Minister of Personnel Management determines. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(5) The Minister of Personnel Management shall screen and select eligible person for temporary retirement among public official recommended by the competent together with the private enterprise, etc. which applied for temporary retirement for nongovernmental service and notify the private enterprise, etc. and the competent minister of the results thereof. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(6) The Minister of Personnel Management may, if necessary for screening in paragraph (5), hear from interested persons or request the submission of data, documents, etc., and organize and operate a deliberation committee including relevant private experts. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(7) A public official selected to be eligible for temporary retirement under paragraph (5) (hereinafter referred to as "expected public official of temporary retirement") shall conclude an employment contract with the private enterprise, etc. in terms of remuneration, working conditions, etc. In such cases, remuneration shall not be determined in excess of the standards determined by the Minister of Personnel Management. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(8) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine and announce detailed matters necessary for operation procedures of temporary retirement nongovernmental service, selection of eligible public officials, etc. other than those provided for in this Decree. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 52 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20888, Jun. 27, 2008>
 Article 53 (Restrictions on Temporary Retirement from Office)
(1) No public official shall go on temporary retirement from office to work for a private enterprise, etc. closely related to the business of the department to which he/she has belonged for five years before the expected date of temporary retirement from office. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(2) In cases falling under paragraph (1), Article 17-2 of the Public Service Ethics Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the presence or non-presence of close relations with the business of the department to which the relevant person has belonged for five years before the expected date of temporary retirement from his/her office. In such cases, "person eligible for employment screening" shall be construed as "expected public official of temporary retirement" and "before retirement" as "before the expected date of temporary retirement." <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(3) Where a private enterprise, etc. violates Article 55 (2) or (3), it shall be excluded from private enterprises, etc. eligible for temporary retirement from office for five years from the date of such violation. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 54 (Matters to be Observed by Public Officials, etc. on Temporary Retirement from Office)
(1) A public official scheduled to take temporary retirement from office shall prepare a written pledge of ethics of public officials and submit such written pledge to the competent minister before the date of temporary retirement, as prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555 Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(2) A public official employed by a private enterprise, etc. after going on temporary retirement under Article 51 (6) (hereinafter referred to as "public official who takes temporary retirement from office") shall observe the obligations prescribed in statutes, such as the State Public Officials Act and the State Public Officials' Service Regulations, and observe the obligations stipulated in the employment contract concluded with the relevant private enterprise, etc. and the rules of the organization, other orders for service, etc. determined by the private enterprise, etc. with faith.
(3) No public official who takes temporary retirement from office shall, when performing duties at private enterprises, etc., exert an unjust influence by taking advantage of his/her status as a public official, nor acquire gains against the national interests and nor conduct acts which impair the dignity of public officials.
(4) No public official who takes temporary retirement from office shall make an unjust solicitation or arrangement which undermines the fair performance of duties, such as making public officials of the agency to which he/she belonged before temporary retirement violate statutes, or making such public officials abuse the positions or authority for the interests of the person in question or the private enterprise, etc. for which he/she works by taking temporary retirement. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(5) No public official who takes temporary retirement from office shall become a director, an auditor, a general partner with unlimited liability who conducts business, a manager, a promoter, and an executive corresponding thereto of a private enterprise, etc., and receive special benefits from the relevant private enterprise, etc., such as a stock option. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(6) A public official reinstated shall serve for a period more than the period of temporary retirement from office so that he/she may utilize expertise and field experience acquired from a private enterprise, etc. in his/her public duties: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the public official reinstated has consulted with the Minister of Personnel Management in advance via the competent agency, in which case there is an extenuating circumstance that he/she is unable to observe the compulsory service period. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(7) The period of temporary retirement from office prescribed in Article 71 (1) 1, 3, 6 of the State Public Officials Act and paragraph (2) of the aforesaid Article and the period of removal from office prescribed in Article 73-3 of the aforesaid Act shall not be counted in the compulsory service period under the main sentence of paragraph (6): Provided, That the period of temporary retirement from office due to a disease or injury which incurred in the performance of a duty shall be included in the compulsory service period. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 55 (Matter To Be Observed by Private Enterprises, etc.)
(1) The head of a private enterprise, etc. shall faithfully perform the payment of a proper remuneration and maintenance of working conditions, subscription to health insurance policies and industrial accident compensation insurance policies, provision of other benefits and welfare, etc. as stipulated in the employment contract.
(2) The head of a private enterprise, etc. shall not treat the public officials on temporary retirement in preference to other employees in terms of remuneration, position, other treatments, etc.
(3) The head of a private enterprise, etc. shall not give the business of authorization, permission, etc. to the public officials on temporary retirement, to which the agency to which such public officials belonged has a significant interest.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 56 (Matters to be Observed by Competent Ministers, etc.)
(1) A competent minister shall endeavor to seek the proper operation of the system of temporary retirement from office for nongovernmental service, such as conducting inspections on the actual status of work of public officials who temporarily retire from office in private enterprises, etc. and conducting self-inspection where necessary. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
(2) A competent minister shall not give any disadvantages to public officials reinstated in service in the operation of personnel, such as management of placement and promotion on the pretext of temporary retirement, and shall manage such public officials to work for a period corresponding to or longer than the period of temporary retirement by utilizing expertise and field experience he/she acquired in the private enterprises, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(3) No competent minister shall place public officials reinstated in service in divisions closely related to the private enterprises, etc. for which such public officials went on temporary retirement within two years after reinstatement in service: In such cases, Article 17 (2) of the Public Service Ethics Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the presence or non-presence of close relations. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(4) In order to encourage sharing of experience and knowledge acquired in private enterprises, etc., a competent minister shall have public officials reinstated in service submit reports on the outcomes of service activities in the private enterprise, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 57 (Requests, Orders, etc. for Reinstatement in Service)
(1) Where it is not possible to continue to employ a public official on temporary retirement due to such public official's negligence in service, violation of the employment contract, violation of service regulations, etc., the head of the relevant private enterprise, etc. may request the competent minister to reinstate the relevant public official in service.
(2) A competent minister may, in receipt of a request to reinstate a public official on temporary retirement in service from the head of the relevant private enterprise, etc. prescribed in paragraph (1) or in any of the following cases, order the relevant public official to be reinstated in service: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
1. Where a public official on temporary retirement violates Article 54 (2) through (5);
2. Where a head of a private enterprise, etc. violates Article 55;
3. Where a public official on temporary retirement is unable to continue to work due to a disease, violation of an employment contract, etc., or is against a request for a disciplinary resolution or litigated for a criminal case prescribed in Article 78 of the Act (excluding cases where a summary order is requested).
(3) The Minister of Personnel Management may check and evaluate matters concerning the operation of the system of temporary retirement for nongovernmental service, such as the actual state of service of public officials on temporary retirement. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(4) Where the causes prescribed in the subparagraphs of paragraph (2) arise, the Minister of Personnel Management may request the competent minister to take necessary measures, such as reinstatement in service of public officials on temporary retirement, and may, when the causes prescribed in paragraph (2) 1 arise, request the competent minister to request a disciplinary resolution. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(5) Where a public official on temporary retirement violates Article 54 (2) through (5) or a competent minister violates the matters to be observed in Article 56, the Minister of Personnel Management may restrict temporary retirement on the ground of the employment of the public officials belonging to the relevant agency by private enterprises, etc. within five years. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 57-2 (Temporary Retirement for Child Rearing)
(1) An order to take temporary retirement from office on the grounds prescribed in Article 71 (2) 4 of the Act may be issued in a divided manner if desired by the relevant public official. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014>
(2) "Special circumstance prescribed by Presidential Decree" in the proviso to Article 71 (2) of the Act means that the total period of the periods of temporary retirement for child rearing in the former status and the period of temporary retirement for child rearing pursuant to Article 71 (2) 4 of the Act is at least three years for one child when a public official governed by Acts different from those governing the public officials under this Decree has become a public official under this Decree. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 57-3 (Conversion to Flexible Working Hours, etc.)
(1) A person with appointment authority or a person authorized to recommend appointments may, when desired by a public official, designate such public official as a public official who works less hours than the ordinary working hours prescribed in Article 26-2 of the Act: Provided, That this shall not apply to flexible-time permanent public officials, flexible-time non-permanent public officials and non-permanent public officials in temporary service. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
(2) A competent minister shall determine the working hours of public officials to convert to the flexible working hours within not less than 15 hours nor more than 30 hours a week, notwithstanding Article 9 of the State Public Officials' Service Regulations. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(3) A person authorized to appoint public officials or a person authorized to recommend appointment may appoint flexible-time non-permanent public officials or non-permanent public officials in temporary service within the remaining working hours of public officials who have converted to the flexible working hours. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(4) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the designation of public officials to convert to the flexible working hours, etc. other than the matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 57-4 (Public Officials who Perform Duties of Persons on Maternity Leave or Temporary Retirement for Child Rearing, etc. on Their Behalf)
(1) Where a public official takes temporary retirement prescribed in Article 71 (1) and (2) of the Act, takes sick leave prescribed in Article 18 (1) and (2) of the State Public Officials Service Regulations or takes a special vacation prescribed in Article 20 (2) and (10) of the aforesaid Regulations, or is designated as a public official to convert to the flexible working hours, the person with appointment authority or person authorized to recommend appointments may employ flexible-time non-permanent public officials and non-permanent public official in temporary service to vicariously perform the duties of such public official (in the case of public officials who have converted to the flexible working hours, limited to overtime work of public officials who have converted to the flexible working hours): Provided, That the same shall not apply where a vacancy caused by the temporary retirement of the relevant public official is filled under Article 43 (1) of the Act or a public official is ordered to vicariously perform the duties of public officials on temporary retirement or leave of absence or public officials who have converted to the flexible working hours. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 22373, Sep. 10, 2010; Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
(2) Allowances may be paid to public officials who perform duties of public officials on sick leave, maternity leave, leave of absence due to a miscarriage, leave of absence due to a stillbirth or temporary retirement for child rearing on their behalf pursuant to paragraph (1) and public officials who vicariously conduct overtime work of public officials who have converted to the flexible working hours, within budgetary limits, as prescribed by the Regulations on Allowances, etc. for Public Officials. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 57-5 (Management of Service, etc. of Public Officials on Temporary Retirement)
(1) Where a public official on temporary retirement under Article 71 of the Act conducts acts which significantly go against the purpose of temporary retirement, such as violation of obligations to engage in commercial business referred to in Article 25 of the State Public Officials' Service Regulations during the period of temporary retirement contrary to the grounds for temporary retirement, the person with appointment authority or person authorized to recommend appointments may order reinstatement in service.
(2) In the case of being subject to an order for reinstatement in service under paragraph (1), or grounds of issuance of order for reinstatement in service referred to in paragraph (1) are discovered after reinstatement in service, such period of temporary retirement shall not be included in the periods in Article 31 (1), notwithstanding Article 31 (2) 1. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013>
(3) A public official on temporary retirement under Article 71 (1) 1 of the Act and paragraph (2) of the same Article shall report the state of service to the person with appointment authority or to the person authorized to recommend appointments as prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
(4) The Minister of Personnel Management shall determine matters necessary for the management of services of persons on temporary retirement other than those provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3). <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010]
 Article 57-6 (Procedures for Temporary Retirement To Be Employed by Research Institutions, etc.)
Where a competent minister intends to issue an order for temporary retirement as a public official under his/her control is temporarily employed by an international organization, foreign agency, Korean or foreign university or research institution, or other nations' agency under Article 71 (2) 1 of the Act (excluding temporary retirement on the ground of employment by private enterprises, etc.), he/she shall have a prior consultation with the Minister of Personnel Management. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012]
 Article 57-7 (Temporary Retirement Caused by Diseases)
Cases where temporary retirement is permitted for a period not longer than three years pursuant to subparagraph 1 of Article 72 of the Act shall be limited to cases where approval for medical care related to official duties under Article 30 of the Enforcement Decree of the Public Officials Pension Act is obtained and the provision of medical care benefits prescribed in Article 40 of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act is determined: Provided, That where a disease or injury remains due to the same causes as those by which medical care related to official duties is approved or the provision of medical care benefits is determined, temporary retirement caused by a disease related to official duties may be recognized even after the period of approved medial care related to official duties expires or the payment of medical care benefits is made. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013]
 Article 57-8 (Temporary Retirement for Housekeeping)
"Cases of complying with the requirements prescribed by Presidential Decree" in the proviso to Article 71 (2) 5 of the Act means any of the following cases:
1. Nursing grandparents: Where there is no lineal descendent of the grandparents except for the person in question: Provided, That it shall include cases where there is another lineal descendent but it is inevitable for the person in question to nurse as such lineal descendant is ill, old, handicapped, or a minor, etc.;
2. Nursing grandchildren: Where there is no lineal ascendant and siblings of the grandchildren except for the person in question: Provided, That it shall include cases where there is another lineal ascendant or sibling but it is inevitable for the person in question to nurse as such lineal ascendant or sibling is ill, too old, handicapped, or a minor, etc.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014]
 Article 57-9 (Duty of Persons Who Take Temporary Retirement from Office due to Employment by International Organization to Serve)
(1) A public official who receives financial support from the international burdens budget compiled under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel Management, in whose case he/she takes temporary retirement from office because he/she is temporarily employed by an international organization pursuant to Article 71 (2) 1 of the Act, shall serve for a period of more than the same period as the period of temporary retirement from office: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the relevant public official has consulted with the Minister of Personnel Management in advance via the competent agency, in which case there is a special circumstance where he/she is unable to observe the compulsory service period, or he/she has been officially employed by the relevant international organization.
(2) The period of temporary retirement from office prescribed in Article 71 (1) 1, 3 and 6 of the Act and paragraph (2) of the aforesaid Article and the period of removal from office prescribed in Article 73-3 of the Act shall not be included in the compulsory service period under the main sentence of paragraph (1): Provided, That the period of temporary retirement from office due to any disease or injury which incurred in the performance of a duty shall be included in the compulsory service period.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015]
 Article 57-10 (Temporary Retirement from Office for Self-Development)
(1) "Period prescribed by Presidential Decree, etc." in Article 71 (2) 7 of the Act means at least five years.
(2) A public official reinstated after temporary retirement from office (hereinafter referred to as "temporary retirement from office for self-development") prescribed in Article 71 (2) 7 of the Act may take temporary retirement from office for self-development again only after serving for at least ten years from reinstatement.
(3) The period of temporary retirement from office, the period of removal from office, and the period during which a public official has not performed his/her duties due to demotion or suspension from office shall not be included in the periods prescribed in paragraphs (1) and (2).
(4) In addition to the matters provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3), matters necessary for the management of temporary retirement from office for self-development shall be prescribed by the Minister of Personnel Management.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27256, Jun. 24, 2016]
CHAPTER VIII GUARANTEE OF STATUS
 Article 58 (Scope of Demotion)
In the case of demoting public officials, such public officials shall be appointed to the immediately subordinate class.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 11024, Dec. 31, 1982]
[Moved from Article 50 <by Presidential Decree No. 17663, Jul. 10, 2002>]
 Article 59 (Method of Preferential Promotion of Demoted Persons)
(1) Where there are not less than two persons demoted to the same class (excluding persons demoted under the consent of the person in question), the order of preferential appointment shall follow the order of dates of demotion, and if the dates of demotion are the same, it shall follow the order of dates of appointment to the class before demotion.
(2) In the case of preferentially promoting a public official demoted under the consent of the person in question under the proviso to Article 73-4 (2) of the Act, efforts shall be made to maintain a proper balance with other expected public officials of promotion in consideration of the careers of the person in question and the situation of personnel of the relevant agency. In such cases, if there are two or more persons demoted to the same class, the order of preferential promotion shall follow the order of dates of demotion, and if the dates of demotion are the same, it shall follow the order of dates of appointment to the class before demotion.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009]
 Article 60 (Irregularities Subject to Removal from Office)
"Irregularities prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as financial corruption and sex crimes" prescribed in Article 73-3 (1) 6 of the Act means any of the following:
1. Acts prescribed in the subparagraphs of Article 78-2 (1) of the Act;
4. Acts which seriously compromise the dignity of a person as a public official, making him/her no longer fit for the position.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015]
CHAPTER IX SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 61 Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20710, Feb. 29, 2008>
ADDENDA
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That Article 34 (1) shall enter into force on June 30, 1969 and Article 34 (2), on April 30, 1969.
(2) (Transitional Measures) Of public officials of the telegraphic job series of the time this Decree enters into force, public officials of classes IV and V mainly engaging in administrative affairs shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant class of the administrative job series, public officials qualified as wired telegraph operators and wireless telegraph operators, to the relevant class of the job series of wired telegraph operators or wireless telegraph operators as prescribed by the Minister of Postal Service, and public officials of classes IV and V engaging in wired and wireless telegraph operations without being qualified as wired telegraph operators and wireless telegraph operators shall be appointed to the relevant classes of the job series of wired telegraph operators wireless telegraph operators through unassembled tests and oral tests within one month from the date on which this Decree enters into force, and assistant editorial officers and probationary editorial officers of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as editorial officers under this Decree.
(3) (Transitional Measures) Of the train driving job series of the machinery job group of Annex 2 of the time this Decree enters into force, enginemen of grades I, II and III in service shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of classes IV (a), IV (b) or V (a) of the train driving job series of the industrial job group of Annex I of this Decree, and stokers of the same training driving job series as assistant enginemen under this Decree and chief enginemen as enginemen under this Decree.
(4) (Transitional Measures) A person who falls under Article 12 (2) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as a person who falls under Article 37 of this Decree.
(5) (Transitional Measures) Notwithstanding Article 21, the validity of passing special employment examinations under the former provisions shall be six months from the date on which this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 5449, Dec. 31, 1970>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Provisions) Public officials of class III (b) or below of the job series of finance and economy, taxation, audit and statistics of the finance and economy job group and of the job series of transportation, legislation, judicial affairs, and compilation of the administrative job group in Annex I of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant class of the administrative job series of the administrative job group, public officials of the job series of art and science of the art and science job group, to the relevant class of the job series of art and science of the job group of bachelor's degrees, public officials of the editorial job series of the administrative job group to the relevant class of the editorial and research job series of the job group of bachelor's degrees, public officials of signal job series of the industrial job group to the relevant class of the electricity job series of the same job group, public officials of the geological job series of the mining job group to the relevant class of the mining research job series of the same job group, public officials of the job series of agriculture, forestry, forest protection and plant disinfection of the agricultural job group to the relevant class of the agriculture and forestry job series of the same job group, public officials of the ship navigation, ship engine and ship marking job series of the ship job group to the relevant class of the ship job series of the same job group, public officials of fishery advice job series of the fishery job group to the relevant class of the fishery job series of the same job group, public officials of agriculture and civil engineering job series of the agriculture and forestry job group to the relevant class of the civil engineering job series of the facility job group, public officials of the job series of wired telegraph operation and wireless telegraph operation of the communication job group to the relevant class of the job series of telegraph operators of the same job group, public officials of the job series of communication machines and communication cable of the communication job group to the relevant class of the communication technology job series of the same job group, and public officials of the job series of carrier technology and wireless technology of the communication job group to the relevant class of the transmission technology job series of the same job group.
(3) (Transitional Provisions) An administration management official of class I in Annex of at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as a management official; finance and economy executive officer, statistics executive officer, administration executive officer, legislation officer and legal affair executive officer of class II (a), as an executive officer; deputy finance and economy executive officer, deputy statistics executive officer, deputy administration executive officer, legislation officer, deputy legal affair executive officer and editorial officer of class II (b) as deputy executive officer; and secretary officer of finance and economy, audit officer, secretary officer of statistics, secretary officer of administration, secretary officer of transportation, legislation officer, legal affair officer, editorial officer, and librarian officer of class III (a) as secretary officer.
(4) (Transitional Provisions) An assisting correctional officer in Annex I of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as an assisting correctional officer of class III (b); an assisting protection and guidance officer as a protection and guidance officer of class III (b); an assisting librarian officer as a librarian officer; an assisting agricultural advisory officer as an agricultural advisory officer of class III (b); an assisting veterinarian officer as a veterinarian officer of class III (b); and an assisting fishery research officer as a fishery research officer.
(5) (Transitional Provisions) A public official of the job series of entertainment and Korean classical music of the art and science job group, job series of broadcasting and church of the administration job group and job series of advice on living of the agriculture and forestry job group in Annex I of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as a public official in extraordinary civil service equivalent to the relevant sub-class.
(6) (Transitional Provisions) A public official of the communication job series and telephone repairing job series of the communication job group in Annex II of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant class of the relevant job series of the telecommunication job group; a public official of the job series of heating, boiler, water test, mechanical driving, break ground, mechanical construction of the mechanical job group to the relevant class of the th mechanical job series of the same job group; a public official of the job series of mechanical construction and boiler of the marine engine job group to the relevant class of the marine engine job series of the ship job group; ; a public official of the job series of coal and water, labor and public security of the transportation job group to the relevant class of the transportation job series of the same job group; a public official of forest management job series of the agriculture and forestry job group, maintenance and repair job series of the machinery job group, maintenance and repair job series of the electricity jog group, assistant nurse job series of the health job group, fire-fighting job series of the aviation job group and miscellaneous business job series of the administrative assistance job group to the relevant class of the miscellaneous job series of the miscellaneous job group.
(7) (Transitional Provisions) Job series of local public officials who fall into the integrated job series in the application of this Decree are as follows:
(8) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 9264, Dec. 30, 1971>
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 5606, Apr. 19, 1971>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures) Of public officials of the administration job series of the administration job group in Annex I of the time this Decree enters into force, the respective public officials in charge of audit at the Board of Audit and Inspection of Korea shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of the relevant class of the audit job series of the same job group on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(3) (Transitional Measures) Of public officials in technical service in Annex II of the time this Decree enters into force, public officials of grade I serving at fieldwork agencies of railroads, monopoly and postal services shall be considered to be appointed as relevant public officials of grade VI of the railroad, monopoly and postal service fieldwork job series of the railroad, monopoly and postal service fieldwork job group; public officials of grade II as public officials of grade VII of the same; public officials of grade III as public officials of grade VIII of the same; public officials of grade IV as public officials of grade IX of the same; public officials of grade V as public officials of grade X of the same; public officials of grade VI as public officials of grade XI of the same; public officials of grade VII as public officials of grade XII of the same; public officials of grade VIII as public officials of grade XIII of the same on April 1, 1971.
(4) (Transitional Measures) Of public officials in technical service in Annex II excluding the public officials provided for in the previous paragraph of the time this Decree enters into force, public officials of grade I shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of grade VI of the relevant job series of the relevant amended job group; public officials of grade II as public officials of grade VII of the same; public officials of grade III as public officials of grade VIII of the same; public officials of grade IV as public officials of grade IX of the same; public officials of grade V as public officials of grade X of the same; public officials of grade VI as public officials of grade XI of the same; public officials of grade VII as public officials of grade XII of the same; and public officials of grade VIII as public officials of grade XIII on April 1, 1971.
(5) (Transitional Measures) In the case of promoting a public official in technical service who serves at a fieldwork agency of railroad, monopoly and postal service at the time this Decree enters into force to a public official in technical service of grade V or above within three months from the date on which this Decree enters into force, he/she may be appointed according to the standards for promotion the competent minister determines in consultation with the Minister of Government Administration, notwithstanding Articles 32 (1) and 34 (4).
(6) (Transitional Measures) In the case of employing an employee who engages in the relevant services of the railroad, monopoly and postal service fieldwork job series in Annex II at the time this Decree enter into force as a public official in technical service of the grade corresponding to the salary amount thereof within three months from the date on which this Decree enters into force, the recruitment examinations concerned shall be exempt.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 5870, Dec. 11, 1971>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That Article 16 shall enter into force on January 1, 1972.
(2) (Transitional Measures) Where a written request for a special recruitment examination as referred to in Article 16 is received by the agency implementing the examination as of December 31, 1971, it shall be governed by the former provisions.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 5942, Dec. 31, 1971>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 6258, Jun. 28, 1972>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures) Standards for reduction of period of probationary appointment of persons who have already passed recruitment examinations at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
(3) (Abolished Statutes) Matters concerning the Standards for Reduction of Period of Probationary Appointment (Premier's Decree No. 74) shall be abolished as soon as this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 6474, Jan. 25, 1973>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures) An investigator of class III (a) of Annex I of the time this Decree enter into force shall be considered to be appointed as a 4th-class investigator; a prosecutor or investigator of class III (b) as a 5th-class prosecutor or investigator; a prosecutor of class IV (a) as a 6th-class prosecutor; a prosecutor of class IV (b) as a 7th-class prosecutor; and a prosecutor of class 5 (a) as a 8th-class prosecutor.
(3) (Transitional Measures) Notwithstanding Article 16 (1) 3, with respect to public officials in extraordinary civil service who hold office in the Presidential Secretariat and Prime Minister's Secretariat at the time this Decree enters into force and are requested to take special recruitment examinations for public officials in general service within six months from the date on which this Decree enters into force, persons with experience falling into the sub-class for which appointment is scheduled for not less than six months may be specially employed. In such cases, Article 37 (2) shall not apply thereto.
(4) (Transitional Measures) In the application of Article 34 (1) to persons who are requested to take special recruitment examinations under the preceding provisions and pass such examinations, the number of years in which he/she held office in extraordinary civil service of the relevant sub-class shall be added.
(5) (Transitional Measures) Notwithstanding Article 24, with respect to persons who pass special recruitment examinations as they are requested to take under paragraph (3), the period of probationary appointment may be reduced by converting the experience of the relevant sub-class to the period of probationary appointment.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 6622, Apr. 9, 1973>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on April 1, 1973: Provided, That the provisions pertaining to public officials of class III-A or above and class IV or above and public officials in technical service in Articles 32, 32-2, 33 and 34 shall enter into force on May 1, 1973 and Article 10-2, on January 1, 1974.
(2) (Abolished Statutes) The Career Rating Regulations (Presidential Decree No. 5044) shall be abolished as soon as this Decree enters into force.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Requirements for Special Employment) Requirements for special employment of persons for whom a special recruitment examination is under way as at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
(4) (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion) Registers of candidates for promotion under the former provisions as at the time this Decree enters into force shall not be effective as soon as this Decree enters into force, and shall be prepared again under this Decree, based on the date of enforcement of this Decree.
(5) (Transitional Measures concerning Promotion) Promotion of persons (including persons requested to take a special promotion examination) for whom promotion to class III (b) or above is under way as at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
(6) (Restrictions on Promotion of Persons Specially Employed for Islands and Remote Areas) Article 35 (4) of this Decree shall not apply to persons who pass special employment examinations as referred to in former Article 16 (3) as at the time this Decree enters into force.
(7) (Transitional Measures Following Abolition of Job Series) Public officials of the nuclear research job series in Annex I as at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant class of the industrial research job series of the industrial job group as soon as this Decree enters into force.
(8) (Transitional Measures Following New Establishment of Job Series) Of public officials in Annex I, public officials of classes III through V of the research job series and technical job series who engage in the area of ginseng at the Monopoly Bureau as at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the ginseng job series of the agriculture and forestry job group as soon as this Decree enters into force.
(9) (Transitional Measures Following New Establishment of Job Series) Of public officials in Annex I, public officials of classes III through V of the civil engineering job series who engage in land surveying as at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the land surveying job series of the facility job group as soon as this Decree enters into force.
(10) (Transitional Measures concerning Minimum Number of Years Required for Promotion) The period of appointment as a conditional or probationary public official under the former provisions who is a successful applicant in an open competitive recruitment examination for class III (b) shall be included in the minimum number of years required for promotion in Article 34 (1) of this Decree.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 6658, May 2, 1973>
This Decree shall enter into force on April 1, 1973.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 6692, May 22, 1973>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 7171, Jun. 5, 1974>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Public Officials of Metallurgy Job Series) Public officials of the metallurgy job series in Annex I at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the metal job series of the industrial job group as soon as this Decree enters into force.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Examination Subjects of Metal Job Series) Subjects of examinations for new employment, change of position and promotion for the metal job series shall follow the subjects of examination of the relevant class of the metallurgy job series of the time this Decree enters into force until subject of examinations for the said job series are newly determined.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 7278, Oct. 14, 1974>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 7428, Dec. 24, 1974>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That Article 24 (1) of this Decree shall start to apply from December 1, 1974.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Public Officials Relevant to Prosecution Administration Job Series of Time This Decree Enters into Force) Public officials of the prosecution administration job series of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the prosecution administration job series of the public security job group on the date this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 7786, Sep. 4, 1975>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the proviso to Article 33 (1) shall enter into force on January 31, 1976 for public officials of class IV (a) or above and on November 30, 1975 for public officials of class IV (b) or below and public officials in technical service.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Careers of Service in Special Areas) In the case of calculating the period of service in a special area under Article 27-2 (1), the period of service in the relevant special area (including the period of service before the area is designated as a special area) before this Decree enters into force shall be also included.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Additional Points for Careers of Service in Special Areas) Additional points for careers of service in islands, remote areas, etc. under the proviso to Article 33 (1) shall also apply to careers of service in such areas (including careers of service before such areas are designated as special areas) before this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 7940, Dec. 31, 1975>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 1976.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Period of Probation of Re-Appointed Public Officials) A public official who is on probationary appointment by being reappointed to the class or grade of the time of retirement as a retired State public official in general service (excluding persons on probationary appointment) at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as a regular public official on the date this Decree enters into force, and the period in which the re-appointed public official holds office as a probationary public official before this Decree enters into force shall be included in the period in Article 34 (1), notwithstanding the main sentence of Article 34 (2).
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Public Officials of Grades XIII through XV in Technical Service of Time This Decree Enters into Force) A public official of grades XIII through XV in technical service of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to a public official of grade XII in technical service on the date this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 8146, Jun. 4, 1976>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion) Registers of candidates for promotion under the former provision of the time this Decree enters into force shall be re-adjusted based on the date of enforcement of this Decree according to the amendment of Article 33 (1).
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Persons Successful Applicants in Open Competitive Recruitment Examinations Relevant to Classes for Which Promotion is Scheduled) A person who falls under Article 25 (1) as a probationary public official at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as a regular public official on the date he/she is appointed as a probationary public official.
(4) (Transitional Measures Following Amendment of Names of Classes of Public Officials in Correctional Service) Public officials in correctional service of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the respective relevant classes of the correctional job series as soon as this Decree enters into force, and the correctional officer of class III (a) provided for in other statutes at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as a 4th-class correctional officer, a 3th-class correctional officer as a 7th-class correctional officer, a 5th-class correctional officer as an 8th-class correctional officer and another 5th-class correctional officer as a 9th-class correctional officer.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 8269, Nov. 5, 1976>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on October 1, 1976.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Public Officials Engaging in Immigration Control at Time This Decree Enters into Force) Public officials of the administration job series among public officials in general service who work for the immigration bureau or immigration offices of the Ministry of Justice at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of the relevant classes of the immigration management job series of the public security job group on the date this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 8691, Sep. 14, 1977>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Rating of Careers, Adjustment of Registers of Candidates for Promotion, etc.) Rating of careers and adjustment of registers of candidates for promotion under the amended Articles 32-2 (3) and 34 (2) shall be executed on the last day of the month to which the date of enforcement of this Decree belongs.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Preparation of Registers of Candidates for Appointment) Registers of candidates for appointment which are under preparation at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
(4) (Transitional Measures concerning Periods of Probation of Re-Appointed Public Officials) A local public official who is on probationary appointment by being reappointed to the class or grade of the time of retirement as a retired local public official in general service (excluding persons on probationary appointment) at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as a regular public official on the date this Decree enters into force, and the period in which the re-appointed public official holds office as a probationary public official before this Decree enters into force shall be included in the period in Article 34 (1).
(5) (Transitional Measures Following Amendment of Names of Classes and Abolition of Job Series) Of public officials of the ginseng job series of the Monopoly Bureau of the time this Decree enters into force, public officials working in the area of ginseng cultivation (ginseng extraction division of the Monopoly Bureau and monopoly branch offices) shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the agriculture and forestry job series; public officials working in the area of ginseng cultivation research (monopolized technology research institute, ginseng cultivation research institute, and Jeungpyeong ginseng laboratory) to the relevant classes of the agricultural research job series; public officials working in the area of ginseng processing (ginseng product division, ginseng inspection office, Korean ginseng storehouse) to the relevant classes of the chemical engineering job series; public officials working in the area of ginseng pharmacological research (monopolized technology research institute, ginseng pharmacological research office) to the relevant classes of the industrial research job series; librarians of class V (b) as assistant librarians; industrial research engineers as industrial researchers; assistant industrial research engineers as assistant industrial researchers; assistant researchers of the relevant job series of class V (a) class V (b) of each research job series of the agriculture and forestry job group as researchers or assistant researchers of the relevant job series; fishery research engineers as fishery researchers; assistant fishery research engineers as assistant fishery researchers; fishery research engineering staff as fishery research staff; and fishery research engineering assistant staff as fishery research assistant staff.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 8795, Dec. 30, 1977>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 1978.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Public Officials of Grades XI and XII in Technical Service of Time This Decree Enters into Force) A public official of grades XI and XII in technical service of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as a public official of grade X in technical service on the date this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 8920, Apr. 6, 1978>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 9076, Jul. 1, 1978>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Graduates from Junior Colleges, etc.) Vocational colleges in Article 16 (1) 7 of the Decree shall be considered as junior colleges, specialized vocational high schools or specialized schools by December 31, 1978 and thereafter, vocational colleges shall be considered to include junior colleges, specialized vocational high schools and specialized schools.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 9264, Dec. 30, 1978>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 1979.
Article 2 (Applicability)
The rating of additional points when preparing a register of candidates for promotion with careers of working for education and training institutions under the proviso to Article 33 (1) shall be conducted limitedly to careers after the date of enforcement of this Decree.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures Following New Establishment of Job Series)
(1) Of public officials belonging to the National Tax Service and Korea Customs Service who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, public officials of class IV or below of the administration job series shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the tax affair job series on the date of enforcement of this Decree, notwithstanding the office organization (including provisions pertaining to personnel; hereinafter the same shall apply) of the relevant agency.
(2) Notwithstanding Article 15 and the office organization of the relevant agencies, candidates for employment in administrative positions of class IV or below of the time this Decree enters into force may be appointed as public officials of the tax affair job series of the relevant classes without undergoing examinations for change of position.
(3) Notwithstanding the office organization of the relevant agencies, public officials of the administration job series of class IV or below who hold office in the transportation bureau and examination office of the Korea National Railroad and transportation divisions of regional Korean National Railroad and public officials of class IV or below of the administration job series among stationmasters and assistants to stationmasters (train offices) and office staff (station and train offices) shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of the transportation job series of the relevant sub-classes on the date this Decree enters into force, and notwithstanding the office organization of the relevant agency, assistants to stationmasters (station and train offices), heads of branch offices (train offices), directors in charge of passengers, office staff (station and train offices), staff in charge of shift (train offices) and conductors may be appointed as 6th-grade transportation officials if they are of grades 1 through 6, as 7th-grade transportation officials if they are of grade 7, 8th-grade transportation official if they are of grade 7, and as 9th-grade transportation officials if they are of grade 9 without undergoing examinations for change of position.
(4) Notwithstanding the office organization of the relevant agencies, public officials of class III (a) of the industrial job group excluding the industrial research job series who are holding office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as industrial officials of class IV on the date this Decree enters into force.
(5) Of public officials of the living guidance job series who are holding office at the time this Decree enters into force, assistant officer of living guidance shall be considered to be appointed as living guidance officers and living guidance officers of class III (a), as agricultural advisory officer (class III (a)), notwithstanding the office organization of the relevant agencies.
(6) Of public officials in technical service of the ship job series who are holding office at the time this Decree enters into force, deckhands of grades6 through 8 shall be considered to be appointed as captains of the relevant grades, bowmen of grade 8 as crewmen, helmsmen, bowmen and quarter masters of grade 9 as crewmen and steersmen and quarter masters of grade 10 as bowmen on the date this Decree enters into force, notwithstanding the office organization of the relevant agencies.
(7) In the case of paragraphs (1), (3) and (5), rating of careers in the former class and calculation of the minimum number of years required for promotion shall be separately determined by the Minister of Government Administration, notwithstanding Articles 32-2 and 34.
(8) In the case of paragraphs (1) through (6), the prescribed number of staff members of the former classes equivalent to public officials whose position is changed shall be considered to be reduced.
(9) Persons who have a career of working in the administration job series belonging to the National Tax Service or the Customs Service for not less than one year (limited to careers for not more than eight years from the expected date of change of position) before December 31, 1978 may be appointed as public officials in tax service of the respective areas. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 9642, Oct. 13, 1979>
Article 4 (Transitional Measures Following Recognition of Prescribed Number of Separate Staff Members)
The prescribed number of staff members who are assumed to exist separately with respect to public officials on secondment at the time this Decree enters into force shall be limited to the cases falling under subparagraph 1 of Article 28-2, on condition that the remaining period of secondment shall be not less than one year.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 9325, Feb. 14, 1979>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
(3) Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 9642, Oct. 13, 1979>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures) Notwithstanding the office organization of the relevant agencies, public officials of the administration job series who belong to the Korea National Railroad and hold office in the area of railroad public security at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of the railroad public security job series of the relevant sub-class on the date this Decree enters into force. In such cases, the prescribed number of staff members of the former classes equivalent to the public officials whose position is changed shall be considered to be reduced.
(3) (Transitional Measures) Notwithstanding the proviso to Article 6 (2) of the Public Officials Remuneration Regulations, Annex II of the said Decree shall apply to remuneration of public officials of the railroad public security job series by December 31, 1979.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 10345, Jun. 10, 1981>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Abolished Statutes)
The Work Performance Rating Regulations (Presidential Decree No. 5045) and the Time-Limited Employees Regulations (Presidential Decree No. 9339) shall be abolished.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures)
(1) Public officials who hold concurrent office under former Article 8-2 at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to hold concurrent office under this Decree, on condition that the period of holding concurrent office shall be added from the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(2) A person who falls under Article 25 (2) 2 as a public official on probationary appointment at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered that the period of such probationary appointment expires on the date this Decree enters into force.
(3) The change of position of persons who have passed examinations for change of position at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
(4) A person who has passed a special promotion examination to class III (b) at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to have passed a general promotion examination under this Decree, on condition that such promotion shall be governed by the former provisions.
(5) Work performance ratings under the Work Performance Rating Regulations which are conduced at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as work performance ratings under this Decree.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 11024, Dec. 31, 1982>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Annex 1 which pertain to the establishment of the labor supervision job series shall enter into force on April 1, 1983.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Classes) Of information officers of the information job series of the time this Decree enters into force, information officers of class IV shall be considered to be appointed as information officers of class IV, and information officers provided for by other statutes to be of 4th grade shall be considered to be information officers of class IV.
(3) Transitional Measures Following Establishment of New Job Series) Of public officials of classes VI and VII as of April 1, 1983, persons who conduct the duties of labor supervisors shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of the relevant classes of the labor supervisor job series on April 1, 1983.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 11105, Apr. 20, 1983>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Validity of Registers of Candidates for Employment) The amended provisions of Article 12-2 shall also apply to the registers of candidates for employment of the relevant public officials of the public security job group and administration job group of class VI or below and public officials in technical service, which are prepared before this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 11455, Jun. 29, 1984>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
(3) Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 11602, Dec. 31, 1984>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 51 shall enter into force on January 1, 1985.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion)
Registers of candidates for promotion which are prepared under the former provisions before this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Work Performance Rating) Until the first register of candidates for promotion is prepared for public officials in general service of class VII or below and public officials in technical service after this Decree enters into force, the work performance rating under Article 37-2 for the relevant public officials shall be governed by the former provisions, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 37.
(4) (Transitional Measures concerning Career Rating) Where a career rating is conducted as public officials in general service of class VII or below and public officials in technical service reach the minimum number of years required for promotion as referred to in Article 31 (1) before the first register of candidates for promotion for the relevant public officials is prepared after this Decree enters into force, it shall be governed by the former provisions, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Articles 36 and 37-4.
(5) (Transitional Measures concerning Extension of Retirement Age) Of public officials whose retirement age is extended under the former provisions before this Decree enters into force, the retirement age of persons who hold office exceeding the retirement ages under Article 74 of the Act or Annex II of this Decree as of January 1, 1985 shall be considered to be extended under this Decree.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 11838, Dec. 31, 1985>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Abolition of Classes) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Annex I, each class of the agricultural advice job series, living guidance job series, medical care job series, and nursing job series which are to be abolished as this Decree enters into force shall be considered to exist until the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12050, Dec. 31, 1986>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 1987.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Abolition of Office Organization)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Annex I, each class of public officials working in the area of customs duties among the agriculture job series and tax affair job series at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to exist until the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Appointments, etc.)
(1) Of public officials of the tax affair job series who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, public officials working in the area of customs duties shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the customs duties job series, public officials working in the areas of agriculture, sericulture, tobacco, plant protection and cultivation of ginseng of the agriculture job series to the relevant classes of the agriculture job series, and public officials working in the areas of forestry and forest protection to the relevant classes of the forestry job series on the date on which the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
(2) A person who has passed an examination for employment of public officials of the agriculture job series before this Decree enters into force shall be considered to pass an employment examination for the relevant class of the agriculture job series or forestry job series under this Decree on the date on which the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
(3) A public official of the agriculture job series who has passed a general examination for promotion to class V before this Decree enters into force shall be considered to have passed a general examination for promotion to class V both of the agriculture job series or forestry job series on the date on which the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Persons Whose Retirement Age is Extended)
The amended provisions of Annex II pertaining to retirement ages shall also apply to persons whose retirement age is extended under the former provisions before this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12113, Apr. 1, 1987>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date on which the Korea Monopoly Corporation is established under the Korea Monopoly Corporation Act.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12339, Dec. 31, 1987>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion)
The registers of candidates for promotion prepared under the former provisions before this Decree enters into force for public officials in general service of class VI or below and public officials in technical service shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion to the relevant classes is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Career Rating)
Career ratings conducted as the relevant public official reaches the minimum number of years required for promotion referred to in Article 31 (1) before the first register of candidates for promotion is prepared after this decree enters into force for public officials in general service of class VI or below and public officials in technical service shall be governed by the former provisions, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 36.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Work Performance Rating)
Until the first register of candidates for promotion is prepared after this Decree enters into force for public officials in general service of class VI or below and public officials in technical service, work performance rating for the relevant public officials under Article 37-2 shall be governed by the former provisions, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 37.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Appointments, etc.)
(1) Notwithstanding the office organization of the relevant agencies (including provisions pertaining to prescribed numbers of staff members; hereinafter the same shall apply), public officials of the facility job group who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as facility officials of class IV on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(2) Of public officials of the electricity job series who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, public officials working in the electronic area shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the electronic job series on the date on which the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
(3) A person who has passed an open recruitment examination for public officials of the electricity job series before this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be recommended for appointment by passing an open recruitment examination for the electricity job series or electronic job series under this Decree on the date on which he/she is recommended for appointment to the agency expected to appoint for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
(4) A person who has passed a general examination for promotion to class V of the electricity job series or examination for special employment before this Decree enters into force shall be considered to have passed a general examination for promotion to class V of the electricity job series or electronic job series or examination for special employment on the date on which the office organization of the relevant agency is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
(5) Of public officials in technical service of the miscellaneous affair job series who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, public officials in charge of driving shall be considered to be appointed as public officials in technical service of the relevant grades of the driving job series at the time when the prescribed number of public officials in technical service of the miscellaneous affair job series is reduced as the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended and the prescribed number of public officials in technical service of the driving job series is correspondingly increased after this Decree enters into force.
(6) The public officials in technical service in the left column of classes of the following table, who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes in the right column on the date on which this Decree enters into force:
Article 6 Omitted.
Article 7 (Transitional Measures Following Amendment of Permanent Public Official Regulations)
(1) Driving staff, station staff and flagman of the time this Decree enters into force may be preferentially employed as public officials in technical service of the relevant areas.
(2) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of this Decree, with respect to driving staff, station staff and flagman of the time this Decree enters into force, it shall be considered that there are job titles of permanent public officials which are relevant thereto.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12656, Mar. 27, 1989>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 37, 37-2 and 37-4 shall apply to public officials of classes V and VI from June 30, 1989 and to public officials of class VII or below and public officials in technical service from March 31, 1989.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Appointments, etc.)
Appointments and recommendations of appointment under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion)
The registers of candidates for promotion prepared under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion to the relevant classes after this Decree enters into force is prepared.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Ratings Except for Work Performance)
Work performance ratings conducted under former Article 37-2 (1), (2) and (5) at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as regular ratings immediately preceding the relevant rating.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Appointment, etc. of Public Officials of Medical Care Job Group)
(1) With respect to public officials in medical service who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, the person authorized to make appointments or the person authorized to recommend appointments shall appoint or recommend to appoint the relevant public officials by determining the classes of the relevant public officials by applying mutatis mutandis former Article 31 (7) after the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended.
(2) Where it is intended to appoint or recommend to appoint under paragraph (1), approval shall be obtained from the Minister of Government Administration for the following matters:
1. The expected class of appointment;
2. A period which can be considered as a period of holding office in the expected class of appointment, and a period which can be considered as a period of holding office in a class immediately below the expected class of appointment during the period from December 31, 1985 to the date on which such person is appointed under paragraph (1).
(3) In cases falling under any of the following subparagraphs, it shall not be necessary to obtain approval from the Minister of Government Administration:
1. Where a public official who have been holding office before the amended Regulations for Classification of Classes, Appointment, etc. of Public Officials in Research Service (Presidential Decree No. 11837) enters into force is appointed or recommended to be appointed to the class of that time;
2. Appointment or recommendation of appointment to the lowest class of the expected job series of appointment.
(4) If a period which can be considered as a period of holding office in the expected class of appointment, and a period which can be considered as a period of holding office in a class immediately below the expected class of appointment is approved by the Minister of Government Administration under paragraph (2) 2, the period during which a public official who falls under paragraph (3) 1 and 2 holds office as a public official in medical service in the relevant class shall be considered as a period during which he/she holds office in the class to which he/she is appointed under paragraph (1).
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Local Education Officers of City/Do)
Until local councils are organized by local government, "local education officer" in Article 5 (2) shall be construed as "superintendent", and "offices of education of Seoul Special City, Cities in direct control, Dos" in Article 22 (3) as "education committees of Seoul Special City, Cities under direct control and Dos or offices of education of Sis and Guns"
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12704, May 10, 1989>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Special Employment of Public Officials in Technical Service)
Of permanent public officials of types 1 and 2 who are holding office as at the time this Decree enters into force, persons who are qualified to be employed as public officials in technical service shall be specially employed as public officials in technical service of the relevant areas after the office organization of relevant agencies is amended: Provided, That permanent public officials who fail to satisfy the requirement for special employment of public officials in technical service shall be specially employed when the relevant permanent public officials satisfy the requirements for special employment of public officials in technical service.
Article 3 (Special Cases on Examinations for Special Employment of Public Officials in Technical Service)
In the case of specially employing permanent public officials of types 1 and 2 who hold office as at the time this Decree enters into force as public officials in technical service under Article 2 of Addenda, the examination for special employment shall be administered by means of unassembled tests and oral tests, notwithstanding Article 14 (1) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials and physical examinations prescribed in Article 10 of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials may be omitted.
Article 4 (Special Cases on Restrictions on Change of Placement)
Article 45 (3) shall not apply to permanent public officials of types 1 and 2 who hold office as at the time this Decree enters into force and are specially employed as public officials in technical service under Article 2 of Addenda.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Public Officials in Technical Service of Miscellaneous Affair Job Series)
(1) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Annex II, each class of public officials in technical service of the miscellaneous job series to be abolished as this Decree enters into force shall be considered to exist until the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended after this Decree enters into force.
(2) A public official in technical service who is in charge of the duties in the left column of the following table as a public official in technical service of the miscellaneous job series who holds office as at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as a public official in technical service of the relevant grade in the right column when the office organization of the relevant agency is amended after this Decree enters into force:
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Retirement Ages)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Annex II, of public officials in technical service of the job series of railroad and postal fieldwork and former miscellaneous job series who hold office as at the time this Decree enters into force, the retirement age of persons who engage in gardening, drawing and protection shall be 60 years. The same shall apply when permanent public officials who are protection staff and security staff are specially employed as public officials in technical service of the job series of railroad and postal fieldwork to continue to perform the duty of protection under Article 2 of Addenda.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12733, Jun. 17, 1989>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12910, Jan. 30, 1990>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Treated Public Officials of Class V) Treated public officials of Class V under the former provisions of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as indispensible working staff under this Decree.
(3) Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 13225, Dec. 31, 1990>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 13282, Feb. 1, 1991>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 13400, Jun. 27, 1991>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 36 (1), 37, 37-2 and 37-4 shall enter into force on June 30, 1991 for public officials of classes V and VI and on September 30, 1991 for public officials of class VII or below and public officials in technical service, and the amended provisions of Articles 31 (9) and 45 (3) shall enter into force on June 30, 1993 and the amended provisions of Article 36 (2), on June 30, 1996 for public officials of classes V and VI and on September 30, 1996 for public officials of class VII or below and public officials in technical service.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Appointments, etc.)
(1) Appointments or recommendations of appointments under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
(2) Of public officials who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, computer processing officers who are of class V of the computerization job series shall be considered to be appointed as computerization officers of class V, computer processing officers of class VI as computerization officers of class VI, assistant officers of computer processing of class VII as transcription officers of class VII, computer processing staff of class VIII as computerization officers of class VIII, assistant staff of computer processing of class IX as computerization officers of class IX, librarian officer of class IV of the librarian job series as librarian officers of class IV, librarian officers of class V as librarian officers of class V, librarians of class VI as librarian officers of class VI and assistant librarian of class VII as assistant librarian of class VII on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(3) The number of years required for promotion of persons who have passed or pass general examinations for promotion to class V which are implemented or under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
(4) Examinations for special employment which are under way as they are in compliance with the requirements for special employment under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisons.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion)
A register of candidates for promotion prepared under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Work Performance Ratings)
Work performance rating points of the relevant public officials under Article 37-2 shall be governed by the former provisions until the first register of candidates for promotion is prepared after this Decree enters into force, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 37.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Career Ratings)
Where a career rating is conducted as the relevant public official reaches the minimum number of years required for promotion under Article 31 (1) before the first register of candidates for promotion is prepared after this Decree enters into force, it shall be governed by the former provisions, notwithstanding the amended provisons of Article 36.
Article 6 (Special Cases of Restriction on Change of Placement of Public Officials Specially Employed)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 45 (4), public officials especially employed at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
Article 7 (Transitional Measures concerning Demoted Public Officials)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 50-2, public officials demoted at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisons.
Article 8 (Transitional Measures concerning Extension of Retirement Ages)
(1) The retirement ages of public officials of the technical job series of class V or above which are extended under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be extended under this Decree.
(2) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 51-2 (2), in the extension of retirement age of public officials in technical service who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, the retirement age of persons whose retirement age arrives in 1991 and the retirement age of persons whose retirement age arrives in 1992 (excluding public officials of the lighthouse job series and protection job series) may be extended within the scope of one year from the date of retirement and within two years from the date of retirement, respectively.
Article 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 13413, Jul. 1, 1991>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date on which the Seoul Metropolitan Council is organized.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 13615, Mar. 13, 1992>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 13767, Dec. 2, 1992>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion)
Notwithstanding the amended provisons of Articles 31 (9) and 37-4 (4), a register of candidates for promotion under the former provisions of the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Names of Classes and Abolition of Job Series)
(1) Notwithstanding the office organization of the relevant agencies (including provisions for prescribed numbers of staff members; hereinafter the same shall apply) or the statutes, public officials of the information job series and protection job series of the public security job group and public officials of classes II through IX of the technical job series in Annex I who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the relevant job series of the relevant job group under the amended provisions of Annex I as soon as this Decree enters into force, and public officials of classes VI and VII of the labor supervision job series shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of the relevant classes of the administration job series on the date this Decree enters into force, notwithstanding the office organization regulations of the relevant agencies.
(2) Where an appointment or recommendation of appointment is under way in the former class names at the time this Decree enters into force, it shall be considered as an appointment or recommendation of appointment to the relevant classes which is made on the date on which this Decree enters into force under the amended provisions of Annex I.
Article 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 13976, Sep. 13, 1993>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion, etc.)
(1) Registers of candidates for promotion and career ratings under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be adjusted under the amended provisions of Article 37-4 based on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in the promotions of public officials who are promoted or recommended to be promoted at the time this Decree enters into force, the register of candidates for promotion prepared under the former provisions shall be considered to be effective.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Appointments, etc.)
(1) The health officials of class II or health officials of class III of the Environment Administration who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as environment officials of class II or environment officials of class III on the date on which the office organization of the relevant agency (including provisions for the prescribed number of staff members; hereinafter the same shall apply) is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force.
(2) Of public officials who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, mining officials of class IV, mining officials of class V, mining officials of class VI, mining officials of class VII, mining officials of class VIII and mining officials of class IX of the mining job series shall be considered to be appointed as industrial officials of class IV, resources officials of class V, resources officials of class VI, resources officials of class VII, resources officials of class VIII and mining officials of class IX, and communication officials of class II, communication officials of class III, and communication officials of class IV of the communication job series as information and communication officials of class II, information and communication officials of class III and information and communication officials of class IV on the date on which the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended for the first time after this Decree enters into force, respectively.
(3) Public officials who hold office after being promoted from computerization officials of class V to class IV before this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as computerization officials of class IV on the date on which this Decree enters into force. In such cases, the placement of such public officials shall not be changed to positions in which public officials of class IV may be placed until the office organization of the relevant agencies is amended.
(4) Of public officials who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force, persons who engage in educational administration, social welfare, labor, culture or public information as public officials of the ministration job series (including persons registered in the register of priority of promotion of probationary public officials of class V after passing examinations for general promotion to class V and persons who hold office as probationary public officials of class V of the Ministry of Government Administration after passing open competitive recruitment examination for class V; hereafter the same shall apply in this paragraph) may be appointed to the relevant classes of the job series of educational administration, social welfare, labor, culture or public information, persons engaging in good sanitation or medical technology as public officials of the medical affair job series to the relevant classes of the job series of food sanitation or medical affair, and persons engaging in traffic or urban planning as public officials of the job series of administration, civil engineering or architecture to the relevant classes of the job series of traffic or urban planning without undergoing examinations for change of position.
(5) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Decree, persons registered in a register of candidates for employment after passing open competitive recruitment examinations for classes V, VII and IX of the job series of administration, civil engineering and architecture before this Decree enters into force and successful applicants (including successful applicants in the first and second examinations and unsuccessful applicants in oral tests in the said examinations) in the said examinations which are under way at the time this Decree enters into force and open competitive recruitment examinations for classes VII and IX of the job series of civil engineering and architecture which are implemented for the first time after this Decree enters into force shall be considered to pass the employment examination for the relevant classes (including sub-job series) or for the relevant classes to be changed under this Decree.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Promotion Examinations, etc.)
(1) The relevant subjects among the examination subjects for general promotion to class V of the administration job series in subparagraph 1 of Annex of the Decree on the Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials may apply to examinations for general promotion to class V of the job series of educational administration, social welfare, labor, culture and public information which are to be implemented after this Decree enters into force until the examination subjects of the relevant job series are enacted and enforced.
(2) With respect to the examinations for general promotion to class V of the job series of food sanitation or medical technology which are to be implemented after this Decree enters into force, the examination subjects for general promotion to class V of the health job series in subparagraph 1 of Annex of the Decree on the Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials and the examination subjects for general promotion to class V of the medical equipment sub-job series in subparagraph 1 of the same Annex may apply to the food sanitation job series and medical technology job series, respectively until examination subjects of the relevant job series are enacted and enforced.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 14102, Jan. 17, 1994>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 14499, Dec. 31, 1994>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 37 and 37-3 shall enter into force on April 1, 1995 for public officials in technical service of class VII or below, on July 1, 1995 for public officials of classes of V and VI, and the amended provisions of Articles 34 (excluding matters concerning determination of methods of promotion in paragraph (2) of the same Article) and 35-2 (3) on January 1, 1996.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Appointments, etc.)
Appointments or recommendations of appointments under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Determination of Methods of Promotion to Public Officials of Class V)
Each competent minister shall determine the method of promotion to public officials of class V by expected class of promotion of the relevant agency under Article 34 (2) in consultation with the Minister of Government Administration by February 28, 1995.
Article 4 (Special Cases of Change of Positions, etc. of Public Officials Following Amendment of Statutes Relevant to Government Organizations)
(1) Where the position of a public official who falls into the number of the current staff members exceeding the prescribed number of staff members of the administrative agency is changed to another job series within the same job group through consulting with the Minister of Government Administration as the statutes relevant to government organizations are amended at the time this Decree enters into force, he/she shall be exempt from examinations for change of position, notwithstanding Article 30.
(2) In conducting a career rating for a public official whose position is changed under paragraph (1), the career in the same class of the same job group before the change of position shall be rated as A, notwithstanding Article 37-4.
Article 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 14653, May 29, 1995>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures Following Establishment of New Job Series) Public officials of the prosecution administration job series who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force may be appointed to the relevant classes of the narcotic investigation job series only before December 31, 1995.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 14839, Dec. 22, 1995>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 34-2 shall enter into force on January 1, 1996, and the amended provisions of Article 37-4 (2) through (4) shall enter into force on December 31, 1995 for public officials of classes V and VI and on March 31, 1996 for public officials in technical service of grade VII or below.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Appointments, etc.) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Articles 16 (1) 8 and 35-2, appointments and recommendations of appointments under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion) A register of candidates for promotion under the former provisions of the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
(4) (Transitional Measures concerning Career Ratings) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 37-4, career ratings of public officials who reach the minimum number of years required for promotion before the first register of candidates for promotion is prepared after this Decree enters into force among public officials who fall short of the minimum number of years required for promotion under Article 31 (1) at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 15130, Jul. 31, 1996>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 36 (1) shall enter into force on December 31, 1996 for public officials of classes V and VI and on March 31, 1997 for public officials in technical service of class VII or below.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures Following Amendment of Names of Classes of Technical Positions)
(1) Of the prescribed numbers of public officials in technical service in statutes which provide for the office organizations and prescribed numbers of staff members of agencies of each level at the time this Decree enters into force, the prescribed number of clerical assistants shall be considered as the prescribed number of clerical staff members of the relevant grade.
(2) Of public officials in technical service of the time this Decree enters into force, public officials of clerical assistance job series shall be considered to be appointed as clerical staff of the relevant grade.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion)
A register of candidates for promotion under the former provisions of the time the amended provisions of Article 36 (1) enter into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Career Ratings, etc.)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 36 (1), career ratings and training record ratings of public officials who reach the minimum number of years required for promotion before the first register of candidates for promotion is prepared after the amended provisions of Article 36 (1) enter into force among public officials who fall short of the minimum number of years required for promotion at the time the same amended provisions enter into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 15249, Dec. 31, 1996>
(1) (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
(3) Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 15599, Dec. 31, 1997>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 1998.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Designation of Open-Type Professional Positions)
Open-type professional positions designated by the Minister of Government Administration before this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be designated under Article 43-4 (1) and (2).
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Names of Classes and Grades)
(1) The prescribed numbers of staff members which statutes which prescribe the office organizations and prescribed numbers of staff members of agencies of each level prescribe by class or by grade of the information job series of the public security job group and postal fieldwork job series of the postal fieldwork job group at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as the relevant prescribed number of staff members of the relevant class of the relevant job group under the amended provisions of Annexes I and II.
(2) Public officials in general service of the information job series of the public security job group and public officials in technical service of the postal fieldwork job series of the postal fieldwork job group who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant class of the relevant job group under the amended provisions of Annexes I and II in concurrence with the enforcement of this Decree, and the information job group?information job series?information sub-job series provided for by other statutes at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as juvenile protection job group?juvenile protection job series?juvenile protection sub-job series, and postal fieldwork job group?postal fieldwork job series?postal fieldwork sub-job series as information and communication job group?information and communication fieldwork job series?information and communication sub-job series.
(3) Where an appointment to the relevant class of the information job series of the former public security job group and of the postal fieldwork job series of the former postal fieldwork job group is under way at the time this Decree enters into force, it shall be considered that a procedure for appointment to the relevant class is in progress under the amended provisions of Annexes I and II on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 15715, Feb. 28, 1998>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 15766, Arp. 1, 1998>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on April 1, 1998.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 16075, Dec. 31, 1998>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 1999.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Promotion of Public Officials of Classes II through IV)
Where a recommendation of appointment is made before the first service record rating is conducted for public officials of classes II through IV under the amended provisions of Articles 35 and 37 after this Decree enters into force, the recommendation of appointment shall be made by taking into account the factors in the former Article 35.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Registers of Candidates for Promotion and Personnel Evaluation Records)
(1) A register of candidates for promotion prepared under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force for public officials in general service of class VI or below and in technical service shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
(2) A personnel evaluation record of public officials of class IV prepared under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first work performance rating is conducted for the relevant public official after this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Names of Classes of Public Officials in Technical Service)
(1) The prescribed numbers of public officials in technical service by grade and by class which are prescribed by Act and subordinate statutes which provide for the organizations and prescribed numbers of staff of members agencies of each level at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as the prescribed numbers of staff members by class and grade under the amended provisions of Annex II.
(2) Public officials in technical service who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to he positions by class under the amended provisions of Annex II in concurrence with the enforcement of this Decree.
(3) Where an appointment to a position by the relevant grade of public officials in technical service under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force, it shall be considered that an appointment to a position by the relevant class under the amended provisions of Annex II is under way on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(4) Where other statutes cite the grades of public officials in technical service at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite the relevant classes under the amended provisions of Annex II.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 16365, May 24, 1999>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Abolished Statutes)
The Regulations for Public Officials' Personnel Policy Deliberation Committee shall be abolished.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Open-Type Professional Positions)
(1) Each competent minister shall consult with the Civil Service Commission as to whether to designate the positions designated as open-type professional positions under former Article 43-4 at the time this Decree enters into force as open-type positions under Article 28-4 of the Act.
(2) Work careers in open-type professional positions designated under former Article 43-4 at the time this Decree enters into force may be preferentially treated in career ratings as prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Government Administration.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Promotion Screening of Public Officials of Classes II through IV)
Promotion screening of public officials of classes II through IV which is under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be conducted by the Civil Service Commission.
Article 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 17108, Jan. 27, 2001>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning International Professions) Positions designated as international professions under former Article 43-3 at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be designated as professions under the amended provisions of Article 43-3, and persons appointed to international professions by being selected as international profession officers shall be considered to be appointed to professions by being selected as profession officers.
(3) Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 17115, Jan. 29, 2001>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted
Article 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 17116, Jan. 29, 2001>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 17420, Nov. 29, 2001>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 25, 2002.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 17517, Feb. 9, 2002>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 17663, Jul. 10, 2002>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provision of the proviso to Article 21 (1) shall enter into force on January 1, 2003.
(2) (Applicability) The period of validity of the passing of an examination under the amended provision of the proviso to Article 21 (1) shall apply, beginning with a person who passes a limited competitive examination for special employment under the provision of Article 14 (2) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials after January 1, 2003.
(3) Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 18232m Jan. 20, 2004>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 35 (1) shall enter into force on January 1, 2006.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 18416, Jun. 11, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on June 12, 2004.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Consultations, etc. about Appointments)
Successful applicants in examinations implemented by the Minister of Government Administration and Home Affairs before this Decree enters into force shall be considered as successful applicants in examinations implemented by the Civil Service Commission under this Decree, and approval obtained through consulting with the Minister of Government Administration and Home Affairs as to appointments shall be considered as approval obtained through consulting with the Civil Service Commission.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 18715, Feb. 25, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 18842, May 26, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 43-2 and 45 (7) shall enter into force on July 1, 2005.
Article 2 (Applicability of Provisions Pertaining to Periods of Restriction on Change of Placement)
The amended provisions of Article 45 (1) and (2) shall apply, starting from the date on which an appointment is made to the position held at the time this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures)
(1) Public officials of classes II through IV who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant positions of the relevant classes under the amended provisions of Annex I in concurrence with the enforcement of this Decree.
(2) The prescribed numbers of staff members by position of public officials in general service of classes II through IV which are prescribed by statutes which provide for the organizations and prescribed numbers of staff members of agencies of each level at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as the prescribed numbers of staff members by the relevant position of the relevant class under the amended provisions of Annex I.
(3) A register of candidates for promotion of public officials of class V prepared under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class is prepared after this Decree enters into force. In such cases, the proviso to Article 36 (3) shall not apply thereto.
(4) An appointment or recommendation of appointment which is under way to appoint or recommend to appoint public officials of classes II through IV to the relevant classes under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as an appointment or recommendation of appointment to the relevant positions of the relevant classes under the amended provisions of Annex I on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(5) Where other statutes cite the positions of public officials of classes II through IV at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite the relevant positions of the relevant classes under the amended provisions of Annex I: Provided, That in the application of statutes pertaining to remuneration of public officials, such as the Public Officials Remuneration Regulations and Regulations on Allowances, etc. of Public Officials, remuneration shall be paid based on the positions under the former Annex I until statutes pertaining to remuneration of public officials, such as the Public Officials Remuneration Regulations and Regulations on Allowances, etc. of Public Officials are amended by reflecting the amended provisions of Annex I therein.
Article 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 18965, Jul. 26, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19109, Oct. 26, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on October 30, 2005.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19187, Dec. 26, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2006.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19251, Dec. 30, 2005>
(1) (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19431, Mar. 29, 2006>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on March 30, 2006.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19515, Jun. 12, 2006>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 1, 2006: Provided, That the amended provisons (excluding matters concerning the senior civil service) of subparagraph 7 of Article 2, Article 45 (1) 6 and Annex I shall enter into force on January 1, 2007.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures)
(1) An agency which has the personnel of class VIII of the veterinarian job series among Annex I at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions as long as it maintains such personnel.
(2) Public officials of class V or below of the job series of correction, prosecution administration, narcotic investigation, immigration control and railroad public security and the job series of juvenile protection and probation of the public security job group in Annex I of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant positions of the job series of correction, prosecution administration, narcotic investigation, immigration control and railroad public security and protection job series of the administration job group; public officials of class V or below of the job series of tax affairs, custom duties, educational administration, social welfare, statistics, librarians and auditing and the job series of administration, transportation, labor, culture and public security of the administration job group to the relevant positions of the job series of tax affairs, custom duties, educational administration, social welfare, statistics, librarians and auditing and the administration job series of the same job group; public officials of class V or below of the job series of machinery, electricity, electronic, nuclear power, ship building, metal, fabric, chemical engineering and resources of the mining industry job group and natural law job series of the natural law job group to the relevant positions of the industrial job series of the technical job group; the job series of agriculture, plant management and livestock farming and the veterinarian job series of the agriculture, forestry and fishery job group to the relevant classes of the agriculture job series and veterinarian job series of the technical job group; forestry job series of the agriculture, forestry and fishery job group to the relevant positions of the forestry job series of the technical job group; fishery job series of the agriculture, forestry and fishery job group and the ship and waterway job series of the traffic job series to the maritime and fishery job series of the technical job group; public officials of class V or below of the job series of health, food sanitation, medical technology, medical care, pharmaceutical affairs and nursing of the health and medical care job group to the relevant positions of the job series of health, food sanitation, medical technology, medical care, pharmaceutical affairs and nursing of the technical job group; public officials of class V or below of the meteorological job series of the natural law job group to the relevant positions of the meteorological job series of the technical job group; public officials of class V or below of the environment job series of the environment job group to the relevant positions of the environment job series of the technical job group; public officials of class V or below of the traffic and aviation job series of the traffic job group to the relevant positions of the aviation job series of the technical job group; public officials of the job series of urban planning, civil engineering, architecture, land register and land survey of the facility job group to the relevant positions of the facility job series of the technical job group; and public officials of class V or below of the computerization job series and the job series of the telephone operator, communication technology, transmission technology and electronic communication technology of the information and communication job group to the relevant positions of the computerization job series and communication job series of the technical job group.
(3) Prescribed numbers by position of public officials in general service (excluding public officials in research service and extension service) which are prescribed by statutes which provide for the organizations and prescribed numbers of staff members of agencies of each level at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as the prescribed numbers of staff members by the relevant position under the amended provisions of Annex I.
(4) A register of candidate for promotion of public officials of class VI or below prepared under the former provisons at the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
(5) An appointment of public officials of class V or below to the relevant class which is under way under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as an appointment to the relevant class which is under way under the amended provisions of Annex I.
(6) Where other statutes cite the classes of public officials in general service of class V or below at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite the relevant classes under the amended provisions of Annex I.
Article 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19787, Dec. 29, 2006>
(1) (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2007.
(2) Omitted.
(3) Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20059, May 16, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: the amended provisions of Articles 31 (20 1 and (11), 57-2, 57-3, 57-4 and Article 4 (1) and (2) of Addenda shall enter into force on January 1, 2008.
Article 2 (Applicability to Filling Vacancies Resulting from Parental Leaves of Not Less Than Three Months Connected with Maternity Leave)
The amended provisions of Article 42 (3) shall apply, starting from the first public official who goes on a parental leave of not less than three months after this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Partial Services)
Public officials working part time as referred to in former Article 57-2 as of January 1, 2008 shall be considered to be designated as part-time work public officials as referred to in Article 57-3 on January 1, 2008.
Article 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 20604, Feb. 5, 2008>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20710, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Consultations on Transfer of Current Staff Who Are Not Included in Prescribed Number of Staff Members of Organization)
The amended provisions of Article 49-2 (3) shall apply, starting from the first case of restructuring or transfer of functions after this Decree enters into force, on condition that the head of the original competent agency may determine in advance the agency to receive the public officials who are the current staff but not included in the prescribed number of staff members of the organization through consulting with the central agency supervising the personnel before this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Dispositions, Consultations, etc. regarding Appointments)
(1) Consultations, screening, etc. conducted by the Civil Service Commission and announcements, established rules, etc. announced by the Civil Service Commission under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as those conducted or announced by the Minister of Government Administration and Home Affairs under the relevant provisions of this Decree.
(2) Requests of competent ministers for consultations, screening, etc. which are made to the Civil Service Commission under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as requests for consultations, etc. made to the Minister of Government Administration and Home Affairs under the relevant provisions of this Decree.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures Following Change of Names of Communication Job Series)
(1) Public officials of class V or below of the communication job series among Annex I of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the broadcasting and communication job series.
(2) Prescribed numbers by class of public officials in general service of the communication job series which are prescribed by statutes which provide for the organizations and prescribed numbers of staff members of agencies of each level at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as the prescribed numbers by class of public officials in general service of the broadcasting and communication job series under the amended provisions of Annex I.
(3) An appointment to public officials in general service of the communication job series which is under way under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as an appointment to public officials in general service of the broadcasting and communication job series which is under way under the amended provisions of Annex I on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(4) Where other statutes cite the communication job series and classes of public officials in general service of the communication job series at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite the broadcasting and communication job series and the classes of public officials in general service of the broadcasting and communication job series under the amended provisions of Annex I.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20888, Jun. 27, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisons of Article 42 (1) shall enter into force on June. 29, 2008.
Article 2 (Applicability to Addition of Periods of Restriction on Promotion)
The amended provisions of Article 32 (1) 2 shall apply, starting from person who take money, articles and entertainment, and embezzle and misuse public funds after this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Integration of Administration Job Series of Educational Administration Job Series)
(1) Public officials of class V or below of the educational administration job series among Annex I of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the administration job series.
(2) Prescribed numbers by class of public officials in general service of the educational administration job series which are prescribed by Act and subordinate statutes, etc. which provide for organizations and prescribed numbers of staff members of agencies of each level at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as the prescribed numbers by class of public officials in general service of the administration job series under the amended provisons of Annex I.
(3) A procedure of employment and appointment as public officials in general service of the educational administration job series which is in progress under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as a procedure of employment and appointment as public officials in general service of the educational administration sub-job series of the administration job series which is in progress under the amended provisions of Annex I on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(4) A register of candidates for promotion of public officials of class VI or below of the educational administration job series prepared under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class of the administration job series is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
(5) Where other statutes cite the educational administration job series and classes of public officials in general service of the educational administration job series at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite the administration job series and the relevant classes of public officials in general service of the administration job series under the amended provisions of Annex I.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Amendment of Names of Job Series of Public Officials in Technical Service)
(1) Public officials of technical grade VI or blow of the clerical assistance job series among Annex II of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the clerical affair job series.
(2) Prescribed numbers by class of public officials in technical service of the clerical assistance job series which are prescribed by statutes, etc. which provide for organizations and prescribed numbers of staff members of agencies of each level at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as prescribed numbers by the relevant class of the clerical affair job series under the amended provisions of Annex II.
(3) A procedure of employment and appointment as public officials in technical service of the clerical assistance job series which is in progress under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as a procedure of employment and appointment as public officials in technical service of the clerical affair job series which is under way under the amended provisions of Annex II.
(4) A register of candidates for promotion of public officials of technical grade VI or below of the clerical assistance job series which is prepared under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as a register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class of the clerical assistance job series under the amended provisions of Annex II.
(5) Where other statutes cite the clerical assistance job group and clerical assistance job series at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite the clerical affair job group and clerical affair job series under the amended provisons of Annex II.
Article 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 21289, Feb. 3, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 21344, Mar. 12, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 21386, Mar. 31, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Restriction on Promotion)
The amended provisions of Article 32 (3) shall apply, starting from persons subject to disciplinary disposition after April 1, 2009.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Periods of Internship and Expected Classes of Appointment)
Periods of internship and expected classes of appointment of interns selected before December 31, 2009 shall be governed by the former provisions.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 21717, Sep. 8, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 16 (1) 7 shall enter into force on January 1, 2010.
Article 2 (Special Cases of Competitive Recruitment for Career Positions in General Service Following Adjustment of Prescribed Numbers of Public Officials in Technical Service of Clerical Affair Job Series)
(1) Public officials in technical service of the clerical affair job series (including persons for whom the competent minister ha undergone consultations with the Minister of Government Administration and Home Affairs as he deems necessary in light of personnel operation, such as persons newly employed as State public officials who are public officials in technical service of the clerical affair job series under Article 28 (2) 7 while working as local public official who are public officials in technical service of the clerical affair job series who could have applied for competitive recruitment examinations for career positions under Article 4 (1) of Addenda of the partially amended Decree on Appointment of Local Public Officials (Presidential Decree No. 23093) if they continued to work as local public officials) who hold office at central administrative agencies (referring to the central administrative agencies as referred to in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the General Rules of Organizations and Prescribed Numbers of Staff of Administrative Agencies); hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) at the time this Decree enters into force may be employed as public officials in general service, etc. the number of which is to be increased correspondingly to the prescribed number of public officials in technical service of the clerical affair job series the number of which is to be decreased due to the amendment of the organization of the relevant agency through recruitment examinations (hereinafter referred to as "competitive recruitment examination for career positions") as referred to in the main sentence of Article 28 (2) of the Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Regardless of the number of current public officials in general service in excess of the relevant central administrative agency, public officials in technical service of the clerical affair job series of the relevant central administrative agency shall be employed through competitive recruitment examinations for career positions (hereinafter referred to as "competitive recruitment for career positions") for positions of public officials in general service the number of which is to be increased due to the amendment of the organization as referred to in paragraph (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(3) Where there are excessive current public officials in technical service as the number of successful applicants in competitive recruitment examinations for career positions as referred to in paragraph (1) falls short of the number of positions of public officials in general service increased by the amendment of the organization under paragraph (1), it shall be considered that the relevant central administrative agency has the prescribed number of staff members corresponding to the excessive current staff until the number of current public officials in technical service of the clerical affair job series coincides with the prescribed number of staff members. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(4) Where a competitive recruitment examination for career positions as referred to in paragraph (1) is implemented, persons who have worked for not less than six months for the relevant central administrative agency as public officials in technical service of the clerical affair job series equivalent to the expected class of appointment of general service shall be considered to satisfy the requirements for competitive recruitment for career positions in Article 16 (1) 6 and Annex III. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(5) The head of each central administrative agency may, if necessary, change the subjects of the first examination limitedly among the subjects of written examinations of competitive recruitment examinations for career positions as referred to in paragraph (1), considering the duties, etc. of the relevant agency, notwithstanding Article 7 (1) of the Decree on the Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(6) Omitted. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(7) Notwithstanding Article 30 (1) 1 of the Decree on the Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials, the head of each central administrative agency shall determine persons who attain not less than 40 percent of the perfect point in each subject and not less than 60 percent of total points of the entire subjects as successful applicants: in the first and second examinations: Provided, That the first examination and the second examination are implemented in a combined manner under Article 29 (5) of the Decree on the Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials, he/she shall determine persons who attain not less than 40 percent of the perfect point in each subject and not less than 60 percent of total points of the entire subjects as successful applicants. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(8) Persons who pass written examinations under paragraph (7) shall be exempt from written examinations implemented thereafter. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
(9) Notwithstanding Article 3 (2) and (3) of the Decree on the Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials, when implementing a competitive recruitment examination for career positions as referred to in paragraph (1), the head of each central administrative agency shall not delegate the authority for implementation of the competitive recruitment examination for career positions to heads of agencies under his/her control or to heads of agencies superior to such agency under his/her control, and shall not implement in joint with the heads of other examination implementation agencies or civil institutions and shall not entrust to other agencies excluding the Minister of Security and Public Administration. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013>
(10) Restriction on change of placement referred to in Article 45 (3) 2 may not apply to public officials employed as public officials in general service through competitive recruitment for career positions under paragraph (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
[Title Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012]
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Amendment of Names of Job Series and Classes of Public Officials in Technical Service)
(1) Public officials who hold office in the job groups, job series, classes and positions in the left column of the following table under former Annex II at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed to the job groups, job series, classes and positions in the right column of the same table under the amended provisions of Annex II. In such cases, public officials holding cook licenses and engaging in cooking among public officials of technical grade VI or below of the hygiene job series of the health and hygiene job group in the left column shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of technical grade VI or below of the cooking job series of the health and hygiene job group in the right column if they desire.
(2) Prescribed numbers by class in the left column of the table in paragraph (1) of public officials in technical service which are prescribed by statutes which provide for the organization and prescribed number of staff members of each agency at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as the prescribed numbers by class in the right column of the same table.
(3) Of the registers of candidates for promotion of public officials of technical grade VII or below of each job series which are prepared under the former provisons at the time this Decree enters into force, the registers of candidates for promotion of classes by job series in the left column of the table in paragraph (1) shall be considered to be the registers of candidates for promotion of classes by job series in the right column of the same table: Provided, That the registers of candidates for promotion of public officials of technical grade VII or below of the telephone repairing job series which are prepared under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be effective until the first register of candidates for promotion of the relevant class is prepared after this Decree enters into force.
(4) A procedure of employment and appointment to the relevant classes of public officials in the left column of the table in paragraph (1) which is in progress under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as a procedure of employment and appointment to the classes of public officials in the right column of the same table which is in progress on the date on which this Decree enters into force: Provided, That a procedure of employment and appointment to public officials in technical service of the hygiene job series is under way under the former provisions at the time this Decree enters into force for persons holding cook licenses and the expected area of employment is cooking, a procedure of employment and appointment to the relevant class of the cooking job series shall be considered to be in progress under the amended provisions of Annex II on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(5) Where other statutes cite the classes of public officials in the left column of the table in paragraph (1) at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite the classes of public officials in the right column of the same table.
Article 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22202, Jun. 15, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Recognition of Number of Years Required for Promotion of Part-Time Work Public Officials)
The amended provisions of Article 31 (11) shall also apply to public officials working as part-time work public officials at the time this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Special Promotion of Persons on Temporary Retirement due to Diseases or Injuries Caused on Official Duty)
The amended provisions of Article 32 (1) 1 shall also apply to public officials on temporary retirement due to diseases or injuries caused on official duty at the time this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Consultations and Notices of Return before Termination of Period of Secondment)
The amended provisions of Article 41 shall also apply to public officials on secondment at the time this Decree enters into force.
Article 5 (Applicability to Restriction on Temporary Retirement for Nongovernmental Service)
The amended provisions of Article 53 (1) and (2) shall apply, starting from the first case where a public official takes a temporary retirement to work for private enterprises, etc. after this Decree enters into force.
Article 6 (Applicability to Service Management of Persons on Temporary Retirement)
The amended provisions of Article 57-5 shall also apply to public officials on temporary retirement at the time this Decree enters into force.
Article 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22373, Sep. 10, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22617, Jan. 10, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation, on condition that it shall apply from January 1, 2011.
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22691, Mar. 7, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Dismissal Procedures of Probationary Public Officials)
The amended provisions of Article 23 (2) through (5) shall apply, starting from the first dismissal or first recommendation of dismissal of probationary public officials after this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Calculation of Number of Years Required for Promotion)
(1) The amended provisions of Article 31 (20 1 (c) and Article 5 (1) of Addenda shall also apply to periods of temporary retirements of public officials who retired to be pregnant, deliver a baby or raise children before this Decree enters into force.
(2) The amended provisions of Article 31 (2) 2-2 shall also apply to cases where a disciplinary action is requested by the head of the relevant administrative agency or resolution on disciplinary action is requested by the person authorized to request resolution on disciplinary action in the class of the time this Decree enters into force before this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Extension of Total Period of Secondment)
The amended provisions of Article 41 (2) 1 shall also apply to public officials on secondment at the time this Decree enters into force.
Article 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22834, Apr. 4, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures)
Examinations under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23014, Jul. 4, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisons of Articles 3 (3), 31 (1) and 35-4 (1) and (2), Annex II and Article 4 of Addenda (hereinafter referred to as "amended provisions pertaining to technical grade 10") shall enter into force on May 24, 2012.
Article 2 (Special Cases of Promotion of Public Officials Who Hold Office as Public Officials of Technical Grade 10 to Public Officials of Technical Grade 9)
(1) Notwithstanding Articles 31, 32, 33 and 34-3, the person with appointment authority shall promote public officials who hold office as public officials of technical grade 10 at the time this Decree is promulgated to public officials of technical grade 9 according to the following classifications:
1. A public official for whom not less than four years have passed from the date on which he/she is appointed to the technical grade 10 as of the date on which this Decree is promulgated: Within ten days fro the date of its promulgation of this Decree;
2. A public official for whom not less than two years and less than four years have passed from the date on which he/she is appointed to the technical grade 10 as of the date on which this Decree is promulgated: December 31, 2011;
3. A public official for whom less than two years have passed from the date on which he/she is appointed to the technical grade 10 as of the date on which this Decree is promulgated: May 23, 2012.
(2) Where public officials who hold office as public officials of technical grade 10 are promoted to public officials of technical grade 9 by the person with appointment authority under the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) at the time the amended provisions pertaining to technical grade 10 enter into force, the prescribed number of public officials of technical grade 9 equivalent to the number of public officials promoted from public officials of technical grade 10 to public officials of technical grade 9 under paragraph (1) in the prescribed number of public officials in technical service which is prescribed by statutes which provide for the organization and prescribed number of staff members of the relevant agency shall be considered to be increased and the prescribed number of public officials of technical grade 10 equivalent to the number of the same public officials shall be considered to be decreased.
Article 3 (Special Case of Recruitment Examinations for Public Officials in Technical Service Following Abolition of Technical Grade 10)
(1) Successful applicants in recruitment examinations for public officials of technical grade 10 which are under way at the time the amended provisions pertaining to technical grade 10 enter into force shall be considered as successful applicants in recruitment examinations for public officials of technical grade 9.
(2) Persons who passed recruitment examinations for public officials of technical grade 10 before the amended provisions pertaining to technical grade 10 enter into force but are not yet appointed at the time the amended provisions pertaining to technical grade 10 enter into force shall be considered to pass recruitment examinations for public officials of technical grade 9.
Article 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 23118, Sep. 6, 2011>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23174, Sep. 29, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on September 30, 2011.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23555, Jan. 26, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisons of Annex I shall enter into force on July 1, 2012.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Integration of Sub-Job Series within Correction Job Series)
(1) Public officials of class V or below of the church sub-job series and classification sub-job series among Annex I of the date of enforcement under the proviso to Article 1 of Addenda shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant classes of the correction sub-job series.
(2) A procedure of employment and appointment as public officials in general service of the church sub-job series and classification sub-job series which is under way under the former provisions on the date of enforcement under the proviso to Article 1 of Addenda shall be considered as a procedure of employment and appointment as public officials in general service of the correction sub-job series which is under way under the amended provisions of Annex I on the date of enforcement under the proviso to Article 1 of Addenda.
(3) Notwithstanding Article 29 of the Regulations on the Performance Evaluation, etc. of Public Officials, matters concerning personnel management, such as preparation of registers of candidates for promotion of public officials of the correction job series of which sub-job series are integrated as this Decree enters into force shall be separately determined and operated by the Minister of Justice.
(4) Where other statutes cite public officials in general service of the church sub-job series and classification sub-job series on the date of enforcement under the proviso to Article 1 of Addenda, they shall be considered to cite public officials in general service of the correction sub-job series under the amended provisions of Annex I.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23644, Feb. 29, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That ??? <omitted> ??? the amended provisions of Articles 2 and 3 of Addenda shall enter into force on July 22, 2012.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23691, Mar. 30, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 22-3 (1) 3 shall enter into force on the date on which one year passes after promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Promotion under Way)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 31, in the case of promotion which is under way at the time this Decree enters into force, the register of candidates for promotion prepared under the former provisions shall be considered to be effective.
Article 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24124, Sep. 28, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 35-4 shall enter into force on January 1, 2013.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Deliberation of Deliberation Committees for Secondment of Private Experts)
Where a consultation as referred to in Article 41-2 (1) is completed at the time this Decree enters into force, it shall be governed by the former provisions, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 41-2 (7).
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24380, Feb. 20, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Payment of Secondment Allowances)
The amended provisions of Article 41 (8) shall apply, starting from persons seconded or whose period of secondment is extended after this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Service Management, etc. of Persons on Temporary Retirement)
(1) The amended provisions of Article 57-5 (2) shall also apply to public officials who conduct acts which are considerably against the attainment of the purposes of temporary retirement after this Decree enters into force as public officials on temporary retirement under Article 71 of the State Public Officials Act.
(2) The amended provisions of Article 57-5 (3) and (4) shall apply, starting from persons who temporarily retire or extend the period of temporary retirement after this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Competitive Recruitment Examinations for Career Positions under Way)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 16 (2), competitive recruitment examinations for career positions which are under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Establishment of New Job Series)
Persons who have worked for not less than two years in the areas relevant to the disaster prevention job series to be newly established as public officials in general service who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force may be appointed to the relevant classes of the disaster prevention job series without taking examinations for change of position.
Article 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24425, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 24503, Apr. 22, 2013>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended parts of the Presidential Decrees to be amended under Article 6 of Addenda, which are promulgated before this Decree enters into force but the date of enforcement of which has yet to arrive shall enter into force on the respective dates of enforcement of the relevant Presidential Decrees.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24852, Nov. 20, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on December 12, 2013.
Article 2 (Abolition of Other Statutes)
The Regulations for Contract Public Officials shall be abolished.
Article 3 (Applicability to Concurrent Office)
The amended provisions of the proviso to Article 40 (2) shall apply, starting from persons who hold concurrent office of public official in general service under subparagraph 3 of the same paragraph after this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Persons Who Are Successful Applicants for Internship, etc.)
Persons who pass examinations for selection of interns or are in an internship under former Article 22-3 (1) 3 at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as persons who pass examinations for selection of interns in general service of grade 9 or are in an internship in general service of grade 9 under the amended provisions of Article 22-3 (1) 2.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Calculation of Periods of Service of Non-Permanent Public Officials)
In the case of calculating the total period of service under the amended provisions of Article 22-5 for public officials who are considered to be appointed as non-permanent public officials under Article 3 (3) of Addenda of the partially amended State Public Officials Act (Act No. 11530), the date on which such public officials are newly employed as contract public officials shall be considered as the date on which such public officials are appointed as non-permanent public officials for the first time.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Recognition of Careers, etc. of Former Public Officials in Technical Service and Contract Public Officials)
(1) Where a public official in technical service or contract public official before this Decree enters into force is newly employed as a public official in general service after this Decree enters into force, the recognition of work careers as public official in technical service or contract public official shall be governed by former Articles 16, 31 and 35-4. In such cases, the work careers in the classes in the left column of the tables in Article 7 (1) and (2) of Addenda shall be considered to be the same as the work careers in the classes in the right column.
(2) Careers of public officials in general service which are included in calculations under former Articles 31 and 35-4 as such public officials hold office as public officials in technical service or contract public officials shall be considered to be effective even after this Decree enters into force.
(3) Where a public official in technical service who holds office at the time this Decree enters into force is appointed as a public official in general service, the number of years required for promotion referred to in Article 31 and the period of restriction on promotion referred to in Article 32 shall be calculated, considering that disciplinary actions, etc. before this Decree enters into force are effective even after this Decree enters into force.
Article 7 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Classification of Public Officials Following Abolition of Technical Positions and Contract Positions)
(1) Public officials who hold office in the job groups, job series, classes and positions in the left column of the following table under former Annex II of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of the job groups, job series, classes and positions in the right column of the following table under the amended provisions of Annex I.
Public official who hold office in the job groups, job series, classes and positions in the left column of the following table under former Annex II as public officials who hold office in the postal service headquarters and agencies belonging thereto at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as public officials of the job groups, job series, classes and positions in the right column of the following table under the amended provisions of Annex II.
(3) Public officials of the information and communication fieldwork job series who hold office at central administrative agencies excluding the postal service headquarters and the agencies belonging thereto at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of job series (limited to the protection job series of the administration job group, nursing assistance job series, driving job series, lighthouse management job series, hygiene job series and cooking job series of the technical jog group, and the job series of the management and operation job group, which are recognized by competent ministers in consideration of duties in charge, personnel operation conditions, etc.; hereafter referred to as "newly established job series, etc." in this paragraph) of which prescribed number of staff members is decreased and increased the number of staff members through the amendment of office organization: Provided, That if there is no prescribed number of public officials in technical service of the information and communication fieldwork job series to be reduced in the office organization, they may be appointed as public officials of the relevant job series without increasing the number of staff members of newly established job series, etc. recognized by competent ministers, notwithstanding Article 24 (2) of the General Rules of the Organization and Personnel of Administrative Agencies, and it shall be considered that there are staff members corresponding the excessive current staff members in the relevant central administrative agency until the number of current public officials in general service of the relevant job series appointed without increasing the number of staff members coincides with the prescribed number of staff members.
(4) Contract public officials who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as non-permanent public officials according to the following classifications:
1. Contract public officials in general service under Article 2 (2) of the Regulations for Contract Public Officials: Non-permanent public officials in general service of the relevant class, position or duty grade of the position of appointment at the time this Decree enters into force;
2. Contract public officials in professional service under Article 2 (3) of the Regulations for Contract Public Officials: Non-permanent public officials in professional service;
3. Part-time work contract public officials in general service under Article 2 (4) of the Regulations for Contract Public Officials: Part-time work non-permanent public officials in general service of the relevant class or duty grade of the position of appointment at the time this Decree enters into force;
5. Temporary contract public officials under Article 2 (5) of the Regulations for Contract Public Officials: Temporary non-permanent public officials.
(5) Notwithstanding paragraph (4), contract public officials employed to assist public officials in political service, such as policy assistants, secretarial officers and secretaries shall be considered to be appointed as public officials in extraordinary civil service.
Article 8 Omitted.
Article 9 (Relations with Other Statutes)
(1) Of prescribed numbers of public officials in technical service which are prescribed by statutes which provide for the organization and prescribed numbers of staff members of administrative agencies at the time this Decree enters into force, the prescribed numbers of staff members in the left column of the tables in Article 7 (1) and (2) of Addenda shall be considered as the prescribed numbers of staff members in the right column of the same tables.
(2) Where other statutes cite the classes of public officials in the left column of the tables in Article 7 (1) and (2) of Addenda at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite the classes of public officials in the right column of the same tables.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25000, Dec. 16, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 35-4 (3) shall enter into force on January 1, 2014.
Article 2 (Applicability to Extension of Periods of Internship)
The amended provisions of the proviso to Article 22-3 (2) shall also apply to interns who work at the time this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Addition of Periods of Restriction on Promotion)
The amended provisions of Article 32 (1) 2 shall apply, starting from persons subject to disciplinary action against sexual abuse, sexual harassment and sex trafficking after this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Reduction of Periods of Continuous Service for Promotion)
The amended provisions of Article 35-4 (3) shall also apply to public officials under the interchange of personnel at the time the same amended provisions enter into force.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Name of Part-Time Work Non-Permanent Public Officials)
Part-time work non-permanent public officials in general service under former subparagraph 3 of Article 3-2 who hold office at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as flexible-time non-permanent public officials in general service of the relevant classes or positions on the date on which this Decree enters into force and part-time work non-permanent public officials in professional service under former subparagraph 3 of Article 3-2, as flexible-time non-permanent public officials in professional service of the relevant positions.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Working Hours, etc. of Part-Time Work Public Officials)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 57-3, the working hours, etc. of public officials who hold office by being designated as part-time work public officials before this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
Article 7 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Name of Railroad Police Job Series)
(1) Public officials of class V or below of the railroad public security job series of the administration job group in former Annex I of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of the relevant classes of the railroad police job series of the administration job group under the amended provisions of Annex I on the date on which this Decree enters into force.
(2) A procedure of employment and appointment as public officials in general service of the railroad public security job series of the administration job group which is under way at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as a procedure of employment and appointment as public officials in general service of the railroad police job series of the administration job group which is under way under the amended provisions of Annex I.
(3) Where other statutes cite public officials in general service of the railroad public security job series of the administration job group at the time this Decree enters into force, they shall be considered to cite public officials in general service of the railroad police job series of the administration job group under the amended provisions of Annex I.
Article 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25075, Jan. 10, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25137, Feb. 5, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on February 7, 2014: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 43-3 shall enter into force on January 1, 2015.
Article 2 (Examples of Classification of Position Types, etc.)
Notwithstanding the proviso to Article 1 of Addenda, the Minister of Personnel Management may, if necessary, determine an institution to show examples of classification of types of positions, designation of professional position groups, etc. before January 1, 2015. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 3 (Applicability to Recognition of Number of Years Required for Promotion)
The amended provisions of the proviso to Article 31 (20 1 (b) shall apply, starting from the calculation of the number of years required for promotion for public officials who temporarily retire after this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Parental Leaves of Absence)
The amended provisions of Article 57-2 (2) shall apply, starting from public officials who temporarily retire after this Decree enters into force.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Restriction on Change of Placement of Professional Officers)
The change of placement of public officials who are appointed as professional officers under former Article 43-3 (2) as of January 1, 2015 shall be governed by the former provisions, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 43-3.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25415, Jan. 30, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 10-3 shall enter into force on January 1, 2015.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Capability Evaluation)
Persons who passed the capability evaluations (including cases where capability evaluations are entrusted to the Minister of Personnel Management) conducted by competent ministers under former Article 10-3 (1) at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to have passed the capability evaluations under the amended provisions of Article 10-3 (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended parts of the Presidential Decrees to be amended under Article 5 of Addenda, which are promulgated at the time this Decree enters into force but the date of enforcement of which has yet to arrive shall enter into force on the respective dates of enforcement of the relevant Presidential Decrees.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26397, Jul. 13, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26566, Sep. 25, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provision of Article 22-3 (1) 1 shall enter into force on January 1, 2017.
Article 2 (Applicability to Maximum Working Age of Public Officials in Career Positions Promoted and Appointed to Non-Permanent Public Officials)
The amended provision of Article 22-6 (1) shall also apply where a public official in the career position who is not a non-permanent public official is promoted and appointed to a position with the term of office and becomes a non-permanent public official before this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Exceptional Transfer of Public Officials Who Are Severely Disabled Persons Employed through Competitive Examination for Career Positions, etc.)
The amended provision of the proviso to Article 45 (6) 2 shall also apply to public officials who are severely disabled persons employed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. before this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Restrictions on Transfer to Another Position)
(1) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 45 (1) and (2), the former provisions thereof shall apply to the period during which transfer to another position from the position to which a public official is assigned before this Decree enters into force is restricted.
(2) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of the main sentence of Article 45 (6), the main sentence of paragraph (2) of the aforesaid paragraph and subparagraph 3 of the aforesaid paragraph, the former provisions thereof shall apply to the transfer of a public official appointed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. before this Decree enters into force.
(3) Notwithstanding the amended provision of Article 45 (8), the former provision thereof shall apply to the transfer of a public official appointed before this Decree enters into force through a open competitive examination for employment administered after having predetermined areas where public official are scheduled to serve or agencies for which public officials are scheduled to serve.
(4) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 45-2, the former provisions thereof shall apply to the transfer of a public official appointed through recruitment classified by sub-series of jobs before this Decree enters into force.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Exclusion from Private Enterprises, etc. Subject to Temporary Retirement from Office)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 53 (3), the former provisions thereof shall apply to private enterprises, etc. which violate Article 55 (2) and (3) before this Decree enters into force.
Article 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26653, Nov. 18, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on November 19, 2015.
Article 2 (Applicability to Disqualification of Candidates for Employment)
The amended provision of Article 14 (1) 5 shall apply, beginning with cases where a candidate for employment performs an act that compromises dignity after this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Appointment of Successful Candidates for Competitive Recruitment Examination for Career Positions, etc.)
The amended provision of Article 18 (2) shall also apply to successful candidates who have passed a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. before this Decree enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Appointment of Probationary Public Officials to Regular Public Officials)
The amended provisions of Article 23 (2) and (6) shall apply, beginning with public officials appointed to probationary public officials pursuant to Article 29 (1) after this Decree enters into force.
Article 5 (Applicability to Dismissal or Recommendation for Dismissal of Probationary Public Officials)
The amended provisions of Article 23 (7) 4 and 5 shall apply, beginning with cases where grounds for disciplinary actions arise after this Decree enters into force.
Article 6 (Applicability to Restrictions on Promotion and Appointment)
The amended provision of Article 32 (1) 2 shall apply, beginning with cases where grounds for disciplinary action arise after this Decree enters into force.
Article 7 (Applicability to Duty of Persons Who Take Temporary Retirement from Office due to Employment by International Organization to Serve)
The amended provisions of Article 57-9 shall apply, beginning with a public official who takes temporary retirement from office (excluding a public official who extends the period of temporary retirement from office after this Decree enters into force, who is a person who takes temporary retirement from office due to employment by an international organization as at the time this Decree enters into force) after this Decree enters into force.
Article 8 (Transitional Measures concerning Restrictions on Changing Jobs)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 29 (3), the former provisions thereof shall apply to changing jobs of public officials appointed through a competitive recruitment examination for career positions, etc. before this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26944, Feb. 3, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27256, Jun. 24, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on June 25, 2016: Provided, That the amended provision of the former par of Article 16 (1) 12 shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Competitive Employment of Residents of Specific Areas for Career Positions)
Notwithstanding the amended provision of the former part of Article 16 (1) 12, the former provision thereof shall apply to an examination publicly announced before the enforcement date under the proviso to Article 1 of the Addenda.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Inclusion of Minimum Number of Years Required for Promotion)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 31 (2) 2 (c) and (d), the former provisions thereof shall apply to public officials who are subjected to removal from office for grounds which have arisen before this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 3877, Apr. 11, 1969>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That Article 34 (1) shall enter into force on June 30, 1969 and Article 34 (2), on April 30, 1969.
(2) (Transitional Measures) Of public officials of the telegraphic job series of the time this Decree enters into force, public officials of classes IV and V mainly engaging in administrative affairs shall be considered to be appointed to the relevant class of the administrative job series, public officials qualified as wired telegraph operators and wireless telegraph operators, to the relevant class of the job series of wired telegraph operators or wireless telegraph operators as prescribed by the Minister of Postal Service, and public officials of classes IV and V engaging in wired and wireless telegraph operations without being qualified as wired telegraph operators and wireless telegraph operators shall be appointed to the relevant classes of the job series of wired telegraph operators wireless telegraph operators through unassembled tests and oral tests within one month from the date on which this Decree enters into force, and assistant editorial officers and probationary editorial officers of the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered to be appointed as editorial officers under this Decree.
(3) (Transitional Measures) Of the train driving job series of the machinery job group of Annex 2 of the time this Decree enters into force, enginemen of grades I, II and III in service shall be considered to be appointed as public officials of classes IV (a), IV (b) or V (a) of the train driving job series of the industrial job group of Annex I of this Decree, and stokers of the same training driving job series as assistant enginemen under this Decree and chief enginemen as enginemen under this Decree.
(4) (Transitional Measures) A person who falls under Article 12 (2) of the Decree on Examinations for Appointment of Public Officials at the time this Decree enters into force shall be considered as a person who falls under Article 37 of this Decree.
(5) (Transitional Measures) Notwithstanding Article 21, the validity of passing special employment examinations under the former provisions shall be six months from the date on which this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27787, Jan. 10, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force one month after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27822, Jan. 31, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability concerning Minimum Number of Years Required for Promotion)
The amended proviso to Article 31 (2) 1 (c) and Article 3 of the Addenda shall also apply to periods of temporary retirement taken by any public official before this Decree enters into force on account of pregnancy, childbirth, or child-rearing.
Article 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That where any Presidential Decree amended by Article 5 of this Addenda was promulgated before this Decree enters into force but has yet to enter into force, amendments to such Presidential Decree shall enter into force on the enforcement date of such relevant Presidential Decree.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28220, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.