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ENFORCEMENT DECREE OF THE ACT ON THE PREVENTION OF AND COUNTERMEASURES AGAINST VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS

Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23689, Mar. 30, 2012

Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24002, Jul. 31, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 24102, Sep. 14, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 24423, Mar. 23, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 25375, jun. 11, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 25840, Dec. 9, 2014

Presidential Decree No. 27129, May 10, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 28110, jun. 20, 2017

Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017

 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Decree is to provide for matters delegated by the Act on the Prevention of and Countermeasures against Violence in Schools and matters necessary for enforcing said Act.
 Article 2 (Evaluation of Performance and Public Announcement of Outcomes)
Outcomes of preventive measures and countermeasures taken under Article 6 (3) of the Act on the Prevention of and Countermeasures against Violence in Schools (hereinafter referred to as the "Act") shall be evaluated concurrently at the time of evaluating the performance of the relevant regional educational administrative agency under Article 9 (2) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and shall be publicly announced.
 Article 3 (Operation of Committee for Countermeasures against School Violence)
(1) The chairperson of the Committee for Countermeasures against School Violence under Article 7 of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "Countermeasure Committee") shall call meetings and preside over the meetings.
(2) The Countermeasure Committee shall convene a meeting semiannually: Provided, That a special meeting may be convened occasionally upon request from at least 1/3 of current committee members or when the chairperson deems it necessary.
(3) When the chairperson of the Countermeasure Committee intends to call a meeting, he/she shall notify each committee member of the date, time, place, and agenda items of the meeting at least five days before holding the meeting: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where convening of a meeting is immediately required.
(4) A majority of the members of the Countermeasure Committee shall constitute a quorum, and any resolution thereof shall require a concurring vote of at least a majority of those present.
(5) If the chairperson deems necessary, he/she may summon experts, etc. to attend a meeting to make statements regarding prevention of and countermeasures against school violence.
(6) Allowances and travel expenses may be paid to the committee members, experts, etc. who attend a meeting, within budgetary limits: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where a committee member appointed from among public officials attends a meeting in direct connection with his/her duties.
 Article 3-2 (Dismissal of Members of Countermeasure Committee)
In any of the following cases, the President of the Republic of Korea may dismiss a committee member falling under any subparagraph of Article 8 (3) 2 through 8 of the Act from office:
1. If the member is unable to perform his/her duties due to a mental or physical disorder;
2. If the member is engaged in corruption in connection with his/her duties;
3. If the member is found incompetent for the office due to dereliction of duty, indecent conduct, or any other ground;
4. If the member voluntarily manifests that he/she has difficulty in performing his/her duties.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27129, May 10, 2016]
 Article 4 (Composition and Operation of Working Committee for Countermeasures against School Violence)
(1) The Working Committee for Countermeasures against School Violence under Article 8 (6) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “Working Committee”) shall be comprised of not more than 12 members, including one chairperson (hereinafter referred to as "chairperson of the Working Committee"). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24423, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The Vice Minister of Education shall serve as the chairperson of the Working Committee; and committee members shall consist of public officials each designated by the head of the administrative agency to which each of them belongs, from among members of the Senior Executive Service as public officials of the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Science and ICT, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family, the Office for Government Policy Coordination, and the Korea Communications Commission, and also from among senior superintendents general or superintendents general of the National Police Agency. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24423, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) If a member of the Working Committee falls under any subparagraph of Article 3-2, the person who designated the committee member may withdraw such designation. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27129, May 10, 2016>
(4) The Working Committee shall have one executive secretary in charge of administrative affairs of the Working Committee, who shall be designated by the chairperson of the Working Committee from among public officials of the Ministry of Education. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24423, Mar. 23, 2013>
(5) If the chairperson of the Working Committee is unable to perform his/her duties due to an extenuating circumstance, the committee member designated in advance by the chairperson of the Working Committee shall act on behalf of the chairperson.
(6) The chairperson of the Working Committee shall call a meeting before the Countermeasure Committee holds a meeting or when the chairperson of the Working Committee deems necessary.
(7) If the Working Committee deems necessary for examining agenda items to be tabled at a meeting of the Countermeasure Committee, assisting the Countermeasure Committee in deliberation, or performing other work, it may summon stakeholders or related experts to hear their opinions or may request them to present their opinions.
(8) When the chairperson of the Working Committee calls a meeting, he/she shall notify each committee member of the date, time, place, and agenda items of the meeting at least seven days before holding the meeting: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where it is necessary to call a meeting immediately.
 Article 5 (Composition and Operation of Regional Committees for Countermeasures against School Violence)
(1) The Vice-Mayor or Vice-Governor (referring to the Vice-Mayor I for Administrative Affairs in the case of the Special Metropolitan City; or to the Vice-Mayor or Vice-Governor for Administrative Affairs in the case of a Metropolitan City or Do) of the Special Metropolitan City or a Metropolitan City, Special Self-Governing City, Do, or Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "City/Do") shall serve as the chairperson of the relevant Regional Committee for Countermeasures against School Violence established pursuant to Article 9 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "Regional Committee").
(2) The chairperson of a Regional Committee shall call a meeting and shall preside over the meeting.
(3) If the chairperson of a Regional Committee is unable to perform his/her duties due to an extenuating circumstance, the committee member designated in advance by the chairperson of the Regional Committee shall act on behalf of the chairperson.
(4) Members of a Regional Committee shall be appointed or commissioned by the competent Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, Do Governor, or Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor"), in consultation with the superintendent of the relevant office of education, from among the following persons who have abundant knowledge and experience, and are affirmatively committed to protecting juveniles:
1. The Director-General for juvenile protection in the relevant City/Do government and the Director-General for school guidance and counseling in the relevant City/Do office of education;
2. Members of the relevant City/Do municipal council or members of the relevant City/Do board of education;
3. Police officers of the relevant City/Do regional police agency;
4. Teaching staff members with at least five years of work experience in student guidance and counseling;
5. Judges, prosecutors, and attorneys-at-law;
6. Assistant or higher-ranking professors, as defined in Article 2 of the Higher Education Act, or persons who currently work or have worked in the past for a juvenile-related research institute at an equivalent position with expertise in school violence;
7. Persons who have dedicated themselves to activities for protecting juveniles for at least five years in an organization specialized in guiding and protecting juveniles;
8. Representatives of parents who currently serve, and have served in the past, as members of a school governance committee established pursuant to Article 31 (1) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (hereinafter referred to as "school governance committee") or as members of an autonomous committee for countermeasures against school violence established pursuant to Article 12 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "autonomous committee");
9. Other persons who have knowledge and experience in preventing school violence and protecting juveniles.
(5) The term of office of each member of a Regional Committee shall be two years: Provided, That the term of office of a member appointed or commissioned to fill a vacancy due to resignation of a member of a Regional Committee or other event shall coincide with the remaining term of office of his/her predecessor.
(6) If a member of a Regional Committee, appointed or commissioned pursuant to any subparagraph of paragraph (4) 2 through 9, falls under any subparagraph of Article 3-2, the competent Mayor/Do Governor may remove or dismiss such committee member from office. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27129, May 10, 2016>
(7) A Regional Committee shall have one executive secretary in charge of administrative work of the Regional Committee, who shall be appointed jointly by the chairperson of the relevant Regional Committee and the superintendent of the relevant office of education, from among public officials of the relevant City/Do government or of the relevant City/Do office of education.
(8) Article 3 (2) through (6) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the management of meetings of a Regional Committee. In such cases, the "Countermeasure Committee" shall be construed as "Regional Committee."
 Article 6 (Composition and Operation of Regional Committee for Countermeasures against School Violence)
The working subcommittee under Article 9 (2) of the Act shall be comprised of not more than seven practitioners and private experts in prevention of and countermeasures against school violence.
 Article 7 (Composition and Operation of Regional Committees for Countermeasures against School Violence)
(1) The deputy head of each Si/Gun/Gu shall serve as the chairperson of the relevant regional committee for countermeasures against school violence under Article 10-2 of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "regional committee").
(2) The chairperson of a regional committee shall call meetings and shall preside over the meetings.
(3) If the chairperson of a regional committee is unable to perform his/her duties due to an extenuating circumstance, the committee member designated in advance by the chairperson of the regional committee shall act on behalf of the chairperson.
(4) Members of a regional committee shall be appointed or commissioned by the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu, in consultation with the superintendent of the relevant district office of education, from among the following persons who have abundant knowledge and experience, and are affirmatively committed to protecting juveniles: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25375, Jun. 11, 2014>
1. The Director-General for juvenile protection in the relevant Si/Gun/Gu (referring to the Director of the relevant division, in the case of a Si/Gun/Gu with no Director-General) and the Director-General for school guidance and counseling in the relevant district office of education (referring to the Director of the relevant division, in the case of a district office of education with no Director-General);
2. Members of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu municipal council;
3. Police officers of the police station having jurisdiction over the relevant Si/Gun/Gu;
4. Teaching staff members with at least five years of work experience in student guidance and counseling;
5. Judges, prosecutors, and attorneys-at-law;
6. Assistant or higher-ranking professors, as defined in Article 2 of the Higher Education Act, or persons who currently work or have worked in the past for a juvenile-related research institute at an equivalent position with expertise in school violence;
7. Persons who have dedicated themselves to activities for protecting juveniles for at least five years in an organization specialized in guiding and protecting juveniles;
8. Representatives of parents who currently serve, or have served in the past, as members of a school governance committee or as members of an autonomous committee;
9. Other persons who have knowledge and experience in preventing school violence and protecting juveniles.
(5) The term of office of each member of a regional committee shall be two years: Provided, That the term of office of a member appointed or commissioned to fill a vacancy due to resignation of a member of a regional committee or another event shall be equal to the remaining term of office of his/her predecessor.
(6) If a member of a regional committee, appointed or commissioned pursuant to any subparagraph of paragraph (4) 2 through 9, falls under any subparagraph of Article 3-2, the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu may remove or dismiss such committee member from office. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27129, May 10, 2016>
(7) A regional committee shall have one executive secretary in charge of administrative work of the regional committee, who shall be appointed by the chairperson of the relevant regional Committee, in consultation with the superintendent of the relevant district office of education, from among public officials of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu or of the relevant district office of education. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25375, Jun. 11, 2014>
 Article 8 (Composition, etc. of Exclusive Units)
Pursuant to Article 11 (1) of the Act, each City/Do office of education and each district office of education shall have a division, an officer, or a team in charge of the following matters: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25375, Jun. 11, 2014>
1. Formulating and implementing measures for preventing and eliminating school violence;
2. Providing medical treatment to victim students of school violence and taking measures against aggressor students;
3. Other matters determined by the superintendent of the relevant office of education regarding prevention of and countermeasures against school violence.
 Article 9 (Fact-Finding Surveys)
(1) Fact-finding surveys to be conducted on school violence by the superintendent of an office of education pursuant to Article 11 (8) of the Act may be conducted jointly with the superintendent of another office of education, in consultation with the Minister of Education. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24423, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The superintendent of an office of education may entrust fact-finding surveys on school violence to research and survey institutions specialized in education.
 Article 10 (Establishment, etc. of Specialized Institutions)
(1) The superintendent of an office of education may establish and operate an institution specialized in the following affairs in the relevant City/Do office of education or a district office of education, pursuant to Article 11 (9) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25375, Jun. 11, 2014>
1. Conducting investigations and providing counseling service, etc. under Article 11-2 (1) of the Act;
2. Operating healing programs for victim students and aggressor students in school violence cases.
(2) The superintendent of an office of education may entrust any of the following institutions, organizations, and facilities with the operation of healing programs under paragraph (1) 2: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24002, Jul. 31, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24102, Sep. 14, 2012>
1. A facility operated by the State or a local government to protect juveniles, such as a youth shelter established under subparagraph 1 of Article 31 of the Juvenile Welfare Support Act or a juvenile protection and rehabilitation center established under Article 35 (1) of the Juvenile Protection Act;
2. A facility established for youth activities under Article 10 of the Juvenile Activity Promotion Act;
3. A juvenile-related organization specialized in prevention of school violence and rehabilitation and education of victim students and aggressor students;
4. A hospital with personnel specialized in mental treatment for juveniles;
5. A religious or other institution operating programs for victim students, aggressor students, and their parents in school violence cases;
6. Other institutions the superintendent of an office of education recognizes as appropriate for operating healing programs.
(3) Further details necessary for establishing and operating a specialized institution under paragraph (1) shall be determined by the superintendent of each office of education.
 Article 11 (Entrustment, etc. of Surveys and Counseling on School Violence)
Pursuant to Article 11-2 (2) of the Act, the superintendent of an office of education may entrust the affairs specified in Article 11-2 (1) of the Act to an institution or organization he/she recognizes as appropriate for preventing school violence and taking follow-up measures, among institutions and organizations that have performed programs for preventing school violence for at least three years.
 Article 12 (Cooperation, etc. with Related Institutions)
A request under Article 11-3 of the Act for providing personal information in relation to school violence or for cooperation in other matters shall be made in writing.
 Article 13 (Establishment of Autonomous Committee and Matters subject to Deliberation)
(1) "Ground prescribed by Presidential Decree" in the proviso to Article 12 (1) of the Act means where the victim student and the aggressor student in a school violence case are enrolled in different schools.
(2) "Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 12 (2) 5 of the Act means measures suggested by the responsible teacher under Article 14 (3) of the Act or the representative of the student council regarding prevention of and countermeasures against school violence.
 Article 14 (Composition and Operation of Autonomous Committees)
(1) Members of an autonomous committee under Article 13 (1) of the Act shall be appointed or commissioned by the head of the relevant school, from among the following persons:
1. The deputy head of the relevant school;
2. Teachers with work experience in student guidance and counseling, among teachers of the relevant school;
3. Representatives of parents elected in accordance with Article 13 (1) of the Act;
4. Judges, prosecutors, and attorneys-at-law;
5. Police officers of the police station having jurisdiction over the relevant school;
6. Licensed physicians;
7. Other persons who have abundant knowledge and experience in prevention of school violence and protection of juveniles.
(2) The chairperson of an autonomous committee shall be elected by and from among committee members; but, if the chairperson is unable to perform his/her duties due to an extenuating circumstance, the committee member designated in advance by the chairperson shall act on behalf of the chairperson.
(3) The term of office of each member of an autonomous committee shall be two years: Provided, That the term of office of a committee member commissioned to fill a vacancy due to the resignation of a member of an autonomous committee or another event shall be equal to the remaining term of office of his/her predecessor.
(4) If any member of an autonomous committee, appointed or commissioned under paragraph (1) 2 through 7, falls under any subparagraph of Article 3-2, the head of the relevant school may remove or dismiss the committee member from office. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27129, May 10, 2016>
(5) A majority of the members of an autonomous committee shall constitute a quorum; and any resolution thereof shall require a concurring vote of at least a majority of those present.
(6) The chairperson of an autonomous committee shall appoint one executive security who shall perform administrative work of the autonomous committee, from among staff members of the relevant school.
(7) Allowances and travel expenses may be paid to committee members who attend a meeting of the autonomous committee, within budgetary limits: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where a committee member appointed from among public officials attends a meeting in direct connection with his/her duties.
(8) When the chairperson of an autonomous committee determines the date and time of a meeting, he/she shall choose the date and time convenient for the attendance of committee members, such as hours after work and a weekend.
 Article 15 (Installation of Counseling Office)
The counseling office under Article 14 (1) of the Act shall be equipped with the following facilities and equipment and shall be installed at a place convenient for counseling activities:
1. Facilities and equipment necessary for counseling, including facilities for accessing the Internet and telephones;
2. Partitions and soundproof facilities for preventing exposure of privacy of the persons counseled.
 Article 16 (Operation, etc. of Exclusive Units)
An exclusive unit under Article 14 (3) of the Act shall report facts found in relation to violence and injuries to the head of the relevant school and the autonomous committee (only upon request of the autonomous committee).
 Article 17 (Education for Preventing School Violence)
Pursuant to Article 15 (5) of the Act, the head of each school shall conduct educational programs for students, school employees, and parents to prevent school violence in accordance with the following guidelines:
1. Such educational programs shall be conducted at least once every semester, but further details, including the frequency of and timing for such educational programs, and instructors, shall be determined by the head of each school, taking into consideration conditions of the school;
2. In principle, educational programs for students to prevent school violence shall be conducted for each class separately but may be conducted simultaneously at a place for all students of a school, taking into consideration conditions of the school;
3. In principle, separate educational programs shall be provided to students, school employees, and parents, but educational programs may be provided to all of them together, depending upon the content of the programs;
4. Educational programs shall be conducted by various methods, including lectures, discussions, and role plays; and various materials, programs, etc. shall be utilized for educational programs;
5. The content of educational programs for school employees to prevent school violence shall include provisions of statutes regarding school violence, guiding information on countermeasures to be taken upon occurrence of school violence, and how to operate programs for students to prevent school violence;
6. The content of educational programs for parents to prevent school violence shall include information about how to identify signs of school violence, guiding information on countermeasures to be taken upon occurrence of school violence, and moral and character education at home.
 Article 18 (Scope of Reimbursement, etc. of Victim Students)
(1) The scope of reimbursement of victim students for expenses by a school safety mutual aid association or a City/Do office of education under the proviso to Article 16 (6) of the Act shall be as follows:
1. Expenses incurred in psychology counseling service and advice provided by an institution specified by the superintendent of the relevant office of education as specialized in psychology counseling service;
2. Expenses incurred in temporary protection by an institution specified by the superintendent of the relevant office of education;
3. Expenses incurred in medical treatment, care for medical treatment, or medical supplies provided by a medical institution established pursuant to the Medical Service Act; a public health clinic, public health and medical care center, or a public health branch clinic established pursuant to the Regional Public Health Act; a public health infirmary established pursuant to the Act on the Special Measures for Public Health and Medical Services in Agricultural and Fishing Villages, Etc.; a pharmacy registered pursuant to the Pharmaceutical Affairs Act; or the Korea Orphan and Essential Drug Center established pursuant to Article 91 of said Act.
(2) Article 41 of the Act on the Prevention of and Compensation for Accidents at School shall apply mutatis mutandis to the procedure through which a victim student or guardian who wishes to be reimbursed for expenses under paragraph (1) may claim expenses to a school safety mutual aid association or a City/Do office of education; and the procedure through which a school safety mutual aid association or a City/Do office of education shall pay expenses.
(3) The scope of expenses for indemnity that a school safety mutual aid association or a City/Do office of education shall demand to the parents of an aggressor student under Article 16 (6) of the Act shall be all expenses paid to the victim student under paragraph (2).
 Article 19 (Standards Applicable to each Measure to Aggressor Students)
The following factors shall be taken into consideration in determining the standards applicable to each measure under Article 17 (1) of the Act, and detailed standards shall be determined and publicly announced by the Minister of Education: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24423, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. The seriousness, continuity, and deliberateness of school violence inflicted by the aggressor student;
2. The degree of repentance of the aggressor student;
3. The possibility of correcting the aggressor student's behavior by taking the relevant measure;
4. The extent of reconciliation between the aggressor student and his/her guardian, and the victim student and his/her guardian;
5. Whether the victim student has any disability.
 Article 20 (Transfer of Aggressor Students)
(1) If the autonomous committee requests the head of the relevant elementary, secondary, or high school to transfer an aggressor student to another school pursuant to Article 17 (1) of the Act, the head of the elementary or secondary school so requested shall request the superintendent of the relevant district office of education to assign the school to which the student shall be transferred; and the head of the high school shall request the superintendent of the relevant office of education to assign the school to which the student shall be transferred, without delay.
(2) When the superintendent of an office of education or the superintendent of a district office of education assigns a school to which an aggressor student shall be transferred, he/she shall take into consideration the distance sufficient for protecting the victim student and other factors; and if he/she intends to assign a school outside of the area under his/her jurisdiction, he/she shall notify the superintendent of the relevant office of education or the superintendent of the relevant district office of education thereof.
(3) Upon receipt of the notice under paragraph (2), the superintendent of the relevant office of education or the superintendent of the relevant district office of education shall assign a school to which an aggressor student shall be transferred.
(4) When an aggressor student transferred to another school under paragraphs (2) and (3) and the victim student apply for admission to an upper school, the superintendent of the relevant office of education or the superintendent of the relevant district office of education shall assign different schools to separate them from one another. In such cases, a school for admission shall be assigned first to the victim student.
 Article 21 (Suspension of Aggressor Students from Attendance, subject to Subsequent Approval)
(1) The cases where the head of a school may suspend students from attendance at school under Article 17 (4) of the Act are as follows:
1. Where two or more students have intentionally and repeatedly used violence;
2. Where a student has inflicted an injury by school violence, which requires at least two weeks of medical treatment for full recovery;
3. Where a student has used violence with intent to retaliate against reporting or testifying a school violence case or providing evidence, etc.;
4. Where the head of a school deems it necessary to protect a victim student immediately from the aggressor student.
(2) When the head of a school intends to suspend a student from attendance at school under paragraph (1), he/she shall hear the argument of the student or his/her guardian: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the student or his/her guardian does not comply with the instruction of the head of the school, even after the head of the school has tried to hear the argument of the student or his/her guardian.
 Article 22 (Additional Measures for Rejecting or Evading Measures Taken against Aggressor Students)
If a student against whom any of the measures specified in Article 17 (1) 2 through 9 of the Act has been taken rejects or evades such measure, the autonomous committee may request the head of the school to take additional measure, within seven days from the date the committee is notified of such rejection or evasion from the head of the school pursuant to Article 17 (11) of the Act.
 Article 23 (Re-enrollment, etc. of Expelled Students)
(1) The superintendent of an office of education shall take measures appropriate for sound growth of a student expelled from a school under Article 17 (1) 9 of the Act, such as admission to an alternative school referred to in Article 60-3 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, comprehensively taking into consideration the degree of correction of the student's behavior, the possibility of education, etc. pursuant to Article 17 (12) of the Act.
(2) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in paragraph (1), further details necessary for measures against and re-enrollment, etc. of aggressor students shall be determined by the superintendent of each office of education.
 Article 24 (Procedures for Filling for Appeals by Victim Students, Notification of Decisions, etc.)
(1) A victim student or his/her guardian who intends to appeal against a measure to the relevant regional committee pursuant to Article 17-2 (5) of the Act shall file a written appeal, stating the following matters thereon:
1. The appellant's name, address, and contact information;
2. The aggressor student;
3. The date the measure subject to the appeal was made and the date the appellant became aware that the measure was taken;
4. The decision sought in the appeal and reasons therefor.
(2) A regional committee may request an appellant, an aggressor student or his/her guardian, or the relevant school to submit materials or information necessary for review, and the appellant, aggressor student, or school shall submit such materials or information immediately, except in extenuating circumstances.
(3) A regional committee may, ex officio or upon request, summon the appellant, aggressor student, or teacher involved to make an appearance before the regional committee to make oral statements.
(4) If a regional committee deems it necessary, the committee may summon experts or other reference witnesses to make an appearance, or may hear their opinions in writing.
(5) In principle, meetings of a regional committee shall not be open to the public.
(6) When a regional committee makes a decision to review a case, it may request the head of the relevant school to take a measure (or concurrent measures) specified in any subparagraph of Articles 16 (1) and 17 (1) of the Act.
(7) A regional committee shall notify the appellant and the aggressor student of the results of its review in writing, including the summary and details of its decision.
 Article 25 (Petition for Mediation in Disputes)
Pursuant to Article 18 of the Act, either of the victim student or the aggressor student or his/her guardian (hereinafter referred to as "either party to a dispute") may file a petition for mediation in the dispute, stating the following matters thereon, with the autonomous committee with the authority for mediating in the relevant dispute or the superintendent of the relevant office of education:
1. Name and address of the petitioner for mediation in the dispute;
2. Name and address of the guardian;
3. Reasons for filing the petition for mediation in the dispute.
 Article 26 (Disqualification of, Challenge to, and Refrainment by, Members of Autonomous Committees)
(1) If any member of an autonomous committee falls under any of the following where the committee requests to take any measure to a victim student or an aggressor student, or mediates in a dispute in accordance with Article 16, 17, or 18 of the Act, such committee member shall be disqualified from the proceeding of the case:
1. If the committee member of his/her current or former spouse is the current or former guardian of the victim student or aggressor student in the case at issue;
2. If the committee member is a current or former relative of the victim student or aggressor student in the case at issue;
3. If the committee member is deemed to be an acquaintance or relative on another ground to the victim student or aggressor student in the case at issue.
(2) If either party to a dispute duly suspects a committee member will be partial in the proceedings of deliberation and resolution where an autonomous committee holds a meeting regarding a school violence case, or, where a dispute has arisen, the party may file a challenge against the committee member, demonstrating relevant facts in writing.
(3) Upon receipt of a challenge against a committee member under paragraph (2), the autonomous committee shall resolve on whether to accept the challenge. In such cases, the committee member against whom the challenge is filed shall not participate in the proceedings of deliberation and resolution.
(4) If a committee member falls under either of paragraph (1) or (2), he/she may personally refrain from participating in the proceedings of the case at issue.
 Article 27 (Commencement of Mediation in Disputes)
(1) Upon receipt of a petition for mediation in a dispute under Article 25, the autonomous committee or the superintendent of the office of education shall commence proceedings for mediating in the dispute within five days from the filing date of the petition.
(2) An autonomous committee or the superintendent of an office of education shall notify parties to a dispute of the date, time, and place of mediation in the dispute.
(3) If either of parties to a dispute is unable to make an appearance due to an extenuating circumstance, upon receipt of the notice given under paragraph (2), he/she may request the autonomous committee or the superintendent of the office of education to postpone mediation in the dispute. In such cases, the autonomous committee or the superintendent of the office of education shall set the date for mediating in the dispute again.
(4) An autonomous committee or the superintendent of an office of education may designate persons in charge of mediation in disputes, from among members of the autonomous committee of members of the relevant regional committee, or may seek advice from external specialized institutions on matters related to disputes.
 Article 28 (Refusal, Suspension, and Closing of Mediation in Disputes)
(1) In any of the following cases, an autonomous committee or the superintendent of an office of education may refuse to commence the proceeding for mediating a dispute or may suspend mediation in a dispute:
1. If either party to a dispute refuses mediation in the dispute;
2. If a victim student or other person has filed a criminal or civil complaint against the aggressor student regarding the relevant school violence case;
3. If it is found that the claim in the petition for mediating in a dispute is evidently false or groundless.
(2) In either of the following cases, an autonomous committee or the superintendent of an office of education shall close the proceeding for mediating in a dispute:
1. Where parties to a dispute have reached an agreement or accept the mediation agreement proposed by the autonomous committee or the superintendent of the office of education;
2. Where the autonomous committee or the superintendent of the office of education fails to mediate a dispute within one month from the commencement date of mediation in the case.
(3) If an autonomous committee or the superintendent of an office of education refuses to commence the proceeding for mediating in a dispute or suspends mediation in a dispute pursuant to paragraph (1), or closes the proceeding for mediating in a dispute pursuant to paragraph (2) 2, the autonomous committee or the superintendent of the office of education shall notify parties to the dispute of the reasons therefor.
 Article 29 (Processing of Outcomes of Mediation in Disputes)
(1) When an autonomous committee or the superintendent of an office of education succeeds in mediating in a dispute, the autonomous committee or the superintendent of the office of education shall prepare an agreement, stating the following matters therein; and the autonomous committee shall dispatch the agreement to the parties to the dispute, while the superintendent of the office of education shall dispatch the agreement to the autonomous committees of the schools in which the victim student and the aggressor student are enrolled and the parties to the dispute, respectively:
1. Addresses and names of parties to the dispute;
2. Details of the dispute subject to mediation:
(a) Facts relevant to the dispute;
(b) Issues raised in mediation (including arguments of parties to the dispute);
3. Outcomes of mediation.
(2) If an autonomous committee has mediated in a dispute, the agreement under paragraph (1) shall be signed and sealed by the parties to the dispute and committee members who participated in mediation, whereas, if the superintendent of an office of education has mediated in a dispute, such agreement shall be signed and sealed by the parties to the dispute and the superintendent of the office of education.
(3) The chairperson of an autonomous committee shall report the outcomes of mediation in a dispute to the superintendent of the relevant office of education.
 Article 30 (Installation and Operation of Emergency Telephone Lines)
The emergency telephone lines under Article 20-2 of the Act shall be installed in organizations operated by the Commissioner of the National Police Agency and Commissioners of Regional Police Agencies.
 Article 31 (Use, etc. of Information and Communications Networks)
Pursuant to Article 20-4 (3) of the Act, the State, a local government, or the superintendent of an office of education may entrust the following institutions and organizations with tasks for preventing school violence via information and communications networks:
1. The Korea Education and Research Information Service established pursuant to the Korea Education and Research Information Service Act;
2. Enterprises that have past records of performance of educational programs entrusted by public institutions via information and communications networks;
3. Institutions or organizations that have performed programs for preventing school violence for at least three years.
 Article 32 (Integrated Control of CCTV Systems)
When the State or a local government intends to integrate and control CCTV systems pursuant to Article 20-6 (1) of the Act, it shall gather consensus from relevant experts and stakeholder according to the following procedure:
1. Making a pre-announcement of administration under the Administrative Procedures Act or hearing opinions;
2. Deliberation by the school steering committee.
 Article 33 (Scope of Confidential Information)
The scope of confidential information under Article 21 (1) of the Act is as follows:
1. Personal information of victim students, aggressor students, and their families in school violence cases, including names, resident registration numbers, and addresses;
2. Oral statements personally made in relation to deliberation and resolution on victim students and aggressor students in school violence cases;
3. Other matters that are obviously likely to provoke controversy between parties to a dispute.
 Article 33-2 (Processing of Personally Identifiable Information)
(1) If essential for performing the following administrative work, the State, a local government, or the head of a school may process data including resident registration numbers or alien registration numbers under Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act:
1. Ascertaining whether any ground for disqualifying a person from serving as a school guard under Article 20-5 (2) of the Act exists;
2. Inquiring of criminal records of a school guard under Article 20-5 (5) of the Act.
(2) If essential for performing the following administrative work, a specialized institution or organization entrusted with the placement and use of school guards pursuant to Article 20-5 (3) of the Act may process data including resident registration numbers or alien registration numbers under Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act:
1. Ascertaining whether any ground for disqualifying a person from serving as a school guard under Article 20-5 (2) of the Act exists;
2. Inquiring of criminal records of a school guard under Article 20-5 (6) of the Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 28110, Jun. 20, 2017]
 Article 34 (Review of Regulations)
The Minister of Education shall review the validity of the standards for installing counseling offices under Article 15 biennially from January 1, 2015 (referring to by not later than before January 1 of every second anniversary thereafter), and shall take measures for improvement, etc.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 25840, Dec. 9, 2014]
ADDENDUM
This Decree shall enter into force on May 1, 2012. (Proviso Omitted.)
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24002, Jul. 31, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on August 2, 2012.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24102, Sep. 14, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on September 16, 2012. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24423, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25375, Jun. 11, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among the Presidential Decrees amended pursuant to Article 5 of the Addenda, the amendment to a Presidential Decree, promulgated before this Decree enters into force, whose enforcement dates have yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the dates the respective Presidential Decrees enter into force.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25840, Dec. 9, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2015.
Articles 2 through 16 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 27129, May 10, 2016>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 28110, Jun. 20, 2017>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among the Presidential Decrees amended pursuant to Article 8 of the Addenda, the amendment to a Presidential Decree, promulgated before this Decree enters into force, whose enforcement dates have yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the dates the respective Presidential Decrees enter into force.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.