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ENFORCEMENT DECREE OF THE ACT ON THE SAFETY MANAGEMENT OF GUNS, SWORDS, EXPLOSIVES, ETC.

Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016

Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27299, jun. 30, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27616, Nov. 29, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 27751, Dec. 30, 2016

Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Decree is to prescribe matters delegated by the Act on the Safety Management of Guns, Swords, Explosives, Etc. and matters necessary for the implementation thereof. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Decree shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991; Presidential Decree No. 13870, Mar. 6, 1993; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24789, Oct. 10, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25456, Jul. 14, 2014>
1. The term "factory laboratory" means a structure installed in a factory for the purpose of manufacturing powders;
2. The term "dangerous factory laboratory" means a factory laboratory with a risk of catching fire or exploding;
3. The term "temporary storage depot for powders" means a depot which temporarily stores powders in the process of manufacturing them;
4. The term "backlog capacity" means a maximum capacity of powders which can be stored in the same factory laboratory;
5. The term "security goods" means equipment and installations requiring the protection from danger and injury in handling powders, which shall be classified as first-class security goods, second-class security goods, third-class security goods and fourth-class security goods;
6. The term "first-class security goods" means structures designated as national treasures, houses in urban districts, schools, nursing institutions, hospitals, temples, churches and stadiums;
7. The term "second-class security goods" means village houses and parks;
8. The term "third-class security goods" means houses which do not belong to first-class security goods and second-class security goods, railroads, tracks, sea lanes or anchorages of ships, oil storage facilities, facilities for producing and storing high-pressure gas (including charging stations), power plants, substations and factories;
9. The term "fourth-class security goods" means roads under each subparagraph of Article 10 of the Road Act, high-tension electric wires, places where explosives are handled, and areas where fire is used;
10. The term "maximum capacity" means the maximum number of employees working at the same time and at the same place;
11. The term "primary explosive" means a kind of ammonium nitrate explosive whose principal ingredient is ammonium nitrate mixed with fuel oil, which is made according to materials, standards, composite ratio, and a priming sensitivity test as determined by the joint notification of the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency and the Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy;
12. The term "hydrate explosive" means a high explosive whose principal ingredients are oxidizers (referring to nitrate, such as ammonium nitrate and monomethylamin nitrate), water, sensitive agents, and heating elements, which shall not change its nature in water in a state of slurry or gelatin.
 Article 3 (Guns)
(1) Guns under Article 2 (1) of the Act on the Safety Management of Guns, Swords, Explosives, Etc. (hereinafter referred to as the "Act") shall mean the following guns, cannons, and gun parts: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
1. Guns:
(a) Pistol (including machine pistol; hereinafter the same shall apply);
(b) Rifle;
(c) Machine gun (limited to less than 20㎜ calibered one except machine pistols)
(d) Hunting guns:
(i) Shotgun (limited to reduction Nos. 4 through 32 and 0.41 inch calibered one);
(ii) Spring gun (limited to 0.22mm through 0.38mm calibered one);
(iii) Air gun (limited to 4.5mm through 5.5mm calibered one, except in case of shotgun limited to 5.5mm through 6.4mm calibered one);
(iv) Gas gun (the same as in case of air gun shall apply);
(e) Firing guns:
(i) Shotgun (limited to reduction Nos. 12 through 20)
(ii) Spring gun (limited to 0.22 inch through 0.38 inch calibered one);
(iii) Air gun (limited to 4.5mm through 5.5mm calibered one);
(iv) Gas gun (the same as in case of air gun shall apply);
(f) Fishing guns:
(i) Small fishing gun (limited to 0.22 inch through 0.38 inch calibered one);
(ii) Spear gun;
(g) Anesthetizing guns;
(h) Butcher guns;
(i) Industrial gun:
(i) Staple guns;
(ii) Sweep gun;
(iii) Stamping gun;
(iv) Cable thrower;
(j) Rescue and life saving guns:
(i) Life rope thrower;
(ii) Life signal gun;
(k) Gas dischargers;
(l) Other powder-charged guns utilizing the theory of detonation;
2. Artillery:
(a) Small-caliber artillery (limited to 20mm through 40mm calibered one);
(b) Medium-caliber artillery (limited to more than 40mm and less than 90mm calibered one, except for mortars);
(c) Large-caliber artillery (limited to at least 90mm calibered one, except for mortars);
(d) Mortar;
(e) Whaling guns (limited to small-caliber one);
3. Parts of guns:
(a) Gun barrels and actions (limited to parts not to be used otherwise, except for guns) and cannon carriages;
(b) Lead shots and cochineal shots;
(c) Muffler and telescopic sight.
(2) "Air gun," as used in paragraph (1), means one which has the capability to kill and injure human beings, animals or birds, etc.
 Article 4 (Swords)
(1) Swords under the provisions of Article 2 (2) of the Act shall be as follows:
1. Falchion;
2. Long sword;
3. Poniard;
4. Sword;
5. Spear;
6. Stiletto;
7. Dagger;
8. Jackknife (limited to one whose blade is longer than 6㎝);
9. Switchblade (limited to one whose blade is longer than 5.5㎝ and has an automatic system of unfolding over an angle of 45 degrees);
10. Other swords whose blades are longer than 6㎝ and evidently has the danger of being able to be used as lethal weapons.
(2) The standards and forms of swords shall be listed in the annexed Table 1.
(3) Swords that cannot be used as lethal weapons because their blades are round and dull shall not be deemed to be swords pursuant to paragraph (1).
 Article 5 (Powders)
(1) The term "those as determined by the Presidential Decree among powders to be used for a propulsive explosion similar to powders" under Article 2 (3) 1 (c) of the Act means any of the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999>
1. Powder whose key ingredient is perchlorate;
2. Powder whose key ingredient is lead oxide or barium peroxide;
3. Powder whose key ingredient is bromate;
4. Powder whose key ingredient is lead chromate;
5. Powder whose key ingredient is aluminium sulfate.
(2) The term "those as determined by the Presidential Decree to be used for a destructive explosion similar to explosives" under Article 2 (3) 2 (g) of the Act means any of the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15342, Apr. 12, 1997>
1. Urea nitrate to be used for explosion or explosives whose principal ingredient is urea nitrate;
2. Explosive containing 75% or more of diazodinitrophenol or silicon dioxide;
3. Primary explosive;
4. Hydrate explosive;
5. Nitrocotton (limited to one containing 12.2% or more of nitrogen).
 Article 6 (Conversion Standard for Powders)
(1) The quantity of powders or fire-processed articles equivalent to one ton of explosives in backlogging or storing powders shall be listed in the annexed Table 2.
(2) The provisions of paragraph (1) shall apply mutatis mutandis to explosives under the provisions of subparagraph 1 of Article 7, annexed Table 4, annexed Table 5, annexed Tables 8 (except in case of thirdclass repositories) through 11 and annexed Table 16, except in cases of signal torpedoes, signal rockets, fireworks, detonating fuses and electric blasting fuses.
(3) The provisions of paragraph (1) shall apply mutatis mutandis to explosives used as ingredients of signal torpedoes, signal rockets, fireworks, detonating fuses and electric blasting fuses as prescribed in subparagraphs 1 through 3 of Article 7, annexed Table 5, annexed Table 8 (except in case of third-class repositories) through 11 and annexed Table 16.
 Article 6-2 (Injectors)
Injectors under Article 2 (4) of the Act are machines or tools which inject tear or asphyxiating agents temporarily making human activities difficult through the force of compressed air and shall be understood as those coming under any of the following subparagraphs, except for germicidal, insecticidal, and industrial injectors:
1. Shooting injector;
2. Stick injector;
3. Fountain pen injector;
4. Other portable injectors.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990]
 Article 6-3 (Electronic Percussion Locks)
Electronic percussion locks under Article 2 (5) of the Act are machines or tools which can discharge instantaneous high-tension currents and shall be understood as those coming under any of the following subparagraphs, except for electronic percussion locks for industry or medicine:
1. Shooting electric percussion lock;
2. Stick electric percussion lock;
3. Other portable electric percussion locks.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990]
 Article 6-4 (Arbalests)
Arbalists under the provision of Article 2 (6) of the Act are machines or tools (except for Korean bows or western-style bows) made by applying the principle of bow for thrust and the principle of guns for sighting and firing and shall be understood as those coming under any of the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15342, Apr. 12, 1997>
1. General arbalests;
2. Pulley-block arbalests (referred to arbalests that apply the principle of leverage, hereinafter the same shall apply);
3. Pistol arbalests.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996]
 Article 6-5 (Matters Included in Gun Safety Management Plans)
"Matters prescribed by Presidential Decree" under Article 3-2 (2) 6 of the Act means the following: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
1. A plan to examine whether facility standards for gun factories, stores, and rental stores are observed;
2. Ascertainment of whether gun manufacturers, dealers, renters, or possessors are disqualified, and procedures for the determination of any ensuing disposition;
3. A plan to examine whether guns are remodeled, lost, stolen, etc.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015]
 Article 6-6 (Detailed Arm Safety Management Plans)
(1) Each year, the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency shall formulate and implement a detailed gun safety management plan under Article 3-2 (5) of the Act.
(2) A detailed gun safety management plan shall include the following: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
1. Present condition of gun possessors;
2. A plan to establish a reporting office for the collection of illegal guns, methods of how to handle reported illegal guns, and a plan on how to operate the office during a period in which illegal guns are reported voluntarily;
3. A plan to examine gun manufacturers including the following items for inspection:
(a) Manufacturing guns without permission;
(b) Removing guns without permission;
(c) Whether guns are stolen, lost, or illegally removed, and whether such fact is improperly recorded in the book;
4. A plan to examine gun dealers including the following items for examination:
(a) Whether guns are sold to persons without permission to possess guns;
(b) Whether transfer and acquisition of guns are improperly recorded;
5. A plan to examine gun renters including the following items for examination:
(a) Whether guns are rented to persons without permission to possess guns;
(b) Whether rental agreements are improperly recorded;
6. A plan to examine gun possessors including the following items for examination:
(a) Whether gun possessors have moved to other places or are dead;
(b) Whether guns are remodeled, lost, or stolen.
(3) Where emergency needs arise for the safety management of guns, the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency may alter the detailed gun safety management plan formulated pursuant to paragraph (1).
(4) Where the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency formulates or alters a detailed gun safety management plan, he/she shall publicly notify such fact.
(5) In addition to the matters prescribed in paragraphs (1) through (4), matters necessary for the formulation or alteration of a detailed gun safety management plan shall be determined by the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015]
CHAPTER II MANUFACTURE AND SALE, ETC. OF GUNS, SWORDS, POWDERS, GAS SPRAYERS, ELECTRIC SHOCK MACHINES AND CROSSBOWS
 Article 7 (Kinds and Quantity of Powders Which Can Be Made without Permission)
The kinds and quantity of powders which can be made without permission under the provisions of Article 4 (3) of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. Not more than 400g at one time in the case of making ingredientsuse powders or explosives of signal torpedoes, signal rockets, fireworks for the purpose of physical and chemical experiments or medicine in schools, laboratories, hospitals or other authorized institutions, and not more than 200g at one time in case of other explosives;
2. and 3. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
4. Not more than 1㎏ of powders (limited to those not containing chlorate or red phosphorus) mainly composed of nitrate per day in case of making recreational fireworks under subcontract to recreational fireworks makers and the quantity of fireworks compounded of ingredients under subcontract to toy fireworks makers, not more than 2㎏ of other powders per day or the quantity of fireworks made by using the ingredients of explosives not more than 1㎏ per day.
 Article 8 (Criteria for Manufacturing Facilities)
The criteria for facilities for the manufacture of guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons and crossbows under Article 4 (5) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "manufacturing facilities") shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 17185, Mar. 31, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24789, Oct. 10, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 27299, Jun. 30, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. A factory shall be divided into a dangerous zone and a non-dangerous zone; a boundary fence shall be built around the dangerous zone; and a boundary sign shall be set up in a place readily visible to the public;
2. Any manufacturing facility shall have a manufacture department meeting all of the following requirements:
(a) It shall be equipped with facilities according to the following facility criteria:
(i) In the case of a manufacture department (excluding a manufacture department for the manufacture of gun barrels or action parts only (hereinafter referred to as '"manufacture department of gun barrels, etc.") for the manufacture of guns, swords, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows (including remodeling and repairing of guns): Facility criteria under attached Table 3;
(ii) In the case of a manufacture department of gun barrels, etc.: Facility criteria deemed by the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency to be necessary for the manufacture of relevant parts among the facility criteria under attached Table 3;
(b) A manufacture department shall have an area listed hereunder:
(i) A manufacture department for the manufacture of guns or incapacitant sprays (excluding a manufacture department for the manufacture of buckshots or pellets only): At least 200 square meters for exclusive use;
(ii) In the case of any of the following: At least 100 square meters for exclusive use:
a. A manufacture department for the manufacture of swords, electroshock weapons, or crossbows;
b. A manufacture department for the manufacture of buckshots or pellets only;
2-2. A manufacture department for repairing guns shall have an exclusive area of at least 23.1 square meters. The same shall also apply where a gun dealer concurrently operates a repair business;
3. Where a boundary fence under subparagraph 1 is built in a forest, an open space of two meters or more in width shall be left along the boundary fence so that it may stop burning in cases of a fire;
4. Within a dangerous zone only essential facilities for work shall be installed;
5. A security distance in attached Table 4 (a security distance listed in attached Table 5 in cases of dangerous factory laboratories which deal with fireworks, signal torpedoes, signal rockets or ingredients-use powders or explosives) between a dangerous factory laboratory, temporary storage depot for powders, sunlight drying house, explosion test site, combustion test site, launching test site or incinerator for discarded powders (hereinafter referred to as "dangerous factory laboratory, etc.") and security goods shall be maintained: Provided, That where security goods are part of facilities of factories, a distance as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety shall be maintained;
6. In cases where people wish to store more than backlog capacity corresponding to the security distance listed in attached Tables 4 and 5, a security distance pursuant to the following calculating formula shall be maintained: Provided, That in cases of nitrate factory laboratories of nitro compound containing more than three nitrogroups or pentaerythrite, tetranitrate, then 100m for first-class and second-class security goods, 50m for third-class and fourth-class security goods regardless of backlog capacity and 10m for temporary storage depots for detonating fuses and electric blasting fuses regardless of storage quantity shall be maintained:
security distance

{
Denominator's security distance regarding backlog capacity
}
×
{
Cube root of quantity to be stored
}
Cube root of backlog capacity listed in attached Table 4 or Table 5
7. A dangerous factory laboratory, etc. shall have a security distance as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety from other facilities within a boundary fence of a factory;
8. An engine room and a smoke funnel (excluding engine rooms and smoke funnels which do not use solid fuel) shall be installed outside a danger zone;
9. A dangerous factory laboratory and a temporary storage depot for powders shall be equipped with lightning conductors under Article 41;
10. A dangerous factory shall be a separately built fireproof building and a factory laboratory in danger of explosion shall be built of building materials that can be lightly blown off in explosion: Provided, That the same shall not apply to explosion-preventive structure or quasi-explosive-preventive structure as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety;
11. A dangerous factory laboratory and a temporary storage depot for powders in danger of explosion shall be installed with earth mounds under Article 42: Provided, That a factory laboratory built of explosion preventive structure or quasi-explosion-preventive structure need not be installed with earth mounds in the direction of non-explosion-preventive walls and a factory (hereinafter referred to as "factory for fireworks, etc.") manufacturing only fireworks, signal torpedoes and signal rockets made from powders or explosives as ingredients may instead substitute temporary earth mounds under Article 43 or explosion-preventive walls determine by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety for lightning devices;
12. A factory laboratory in danger of catching fire shall be installed with fireproof walls or combustion-preventive facilities distant from other factory laboratories;
13. Facilities in danger of catching fire within a factory laboratory in danger of catching fire shall be equipped with automatic or water bottle type convertible fire-control devices;
14. A reservoir, a water tank and an emergency flashlight, etc. which are necessary to extinguish a fire shall be installed around a dangerous factory laboratory;
15. A dangerous factory laboratory shall be equipped with windows and exits for escape in an emergency; the doors of which shall be open from outside, in the sections where metals rub each other, copper or brass shall be used, and the sections of glass on which a direct ray of light strikes down shall be opaque;
16. The inside of a dangerous factory laboratory shall be built of a structure which can prevent earth and sand from falling off or blowing off, and hardware shall not appear on the floor;
17. It shall be ensured that powder dust does not infiltrate the floor of a dangerous factory laboratory by sticking fast soft materials such as lead and rubber plates: Provided, That the floors of electric detonating cap and fireworks factories may be boarded up;
18. No motors and temperature or moisture regulators shall be installed in a dangerous factory laboratory: Provided, That the same shall not apply to cases where no danger of explosion or fire exists;
19. Machines and containers which are installed or kept in a dangerous factory laboratory shall be ensured so that hardware does not rub each other except for sections necessary for work, rubbing sections are applied by lubricants sufficiently to prevent them from rocking, falling off and eroding and powder dust does not to be adhered or permeated;
20. Heating systems in a dangerous factory laboratory shall be operated by steam, heat or warm water, be spaced with inflammable matters and prevent powder dust or particles from adhering to the hot sections;
21. Where electric heaters or other high heat sources apply to a paraffin tank and a sulphur tank, etc. in a dangerous factory laboratory, a safety device shall be installed outside the tank to prevent the temperature from exceeding 110 degrees Celsius(150 degrees Celsius in cases of a sulphur tank.);
22. The lighting equipment of a dangerous factory laboratory or a temporary storage depot for powders shall be electric lights designed to be entirely detached from the inside of a factory laboratory and no electric wires shall appear in the factory laboratory or the temporary storage depot for powders;
23. The metallic sections of machines or drying devices equipped in a dangerous factory laboratory shall be on the ground;
24. A dangerous factory laboratory, etc. shall, either on its inside or outside, have a clearly visible notice posted stating the kinds of powders and ingredients used for powders, current backlog capacity in storage, kinds of powders to be backlogged in the same site, maximum quantity, maximum capacity, and cautions in dealing or other necessary matters;
25. The ceiling and inner walls of a factory laboratory in which powders are liable to be blown off shall not be spaced and the surface shall be slick so as to be swept off by water;
26. A factory laboratory which is liable to discharge inflammable gas or poisonous gas shall be equipped with an air exhauster;
27. A factory which dries powders shall be equipped with a drying factory laboratory: Provided, That the same shall not apply to a factory for detonating fuses or a factory for fireworks, a sunlight drying house shall be substituted therefor;
28. A warmer in a factory laboratory which dries powders shall be installed at a distance from the powders being dried: Provided, That the same shall not apply to cases where the temperature in a hot-water warmer is similar to drying temperature;
29. A drying stand in a sunlight drying house shall be at an altitude of at least 60cm;
30. Where the distance between a sunlight drying house which is in danger of catching fire and other facilities is less than 20 meters, temporary earth mounds under Article 43 or explosion-preventive walls as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety shall be installed between the facilities and where the distance between a sunlight drying house which is in danger of catching fire and other facilities is at least 20 meters, fire walls shall be constructed or evergreen broad-leaved trees shall be planted thickly between the facilities;
31. An explosion test site, combustion test site, launching test site, and incinerator for discarded powers shall be constructed within a danger zone and marked off by mound explosion-preventive walls or fire walls and trees and weeds around them shall always be cut or trimmed;
32. Containers which transport powders and their ingredients shall be made by using soft materials which do not react with substances contained therein and constructed to be properly shut by coverings;
33. A vehicle which transports powders in a danger zone shall be a handcart, storage battery car or diesel locomotive; the handcart shall be constructed not to cause frictions or shocks to the powders being transported and the storage battery car and diesel locomotive shall be constructed, as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety;
34. Factories manufacturing explosives containing water or oils, such as primary explosives or hydrate explosives, etc. shall be equipped with automatic manufacturing facilities;
35. Where manufacturing powders containing water or oils, such as primary explosives or hydrate explosives, etc. at the place of use, it shall be manufactured by the automatic compounding tank lorries, and after such manufacturing, the relevant lorries shall be preserved in the manufacturing place.
 Article 9 (Criteria for Manufacturing Techniques)
(1) The criteria of techniques for manufacturing guns under Article 4 (5) of the Act shall be as follows: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. They shall not be automatic percussion systems: Provided, That the same shall not apply to machine guns;
2. Magazines shall be able to be loaded with not more than six ball cartridges or metallic bullets: Provided, That the same shall not apply to machine guns and staple guns for construction;
3. They shall be suitable for other structure and efficiency standards, as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety.
(2) The criteria for techniques for manufacturing powders under Article 4 (5) of the Act shall be as follows: Provided, That techniques under subparagraph 23 may not apply in manufacturing detonating fuses or electric blasting fuses and techniques under subparagraph 27 may not apply in manufacturing fireworks: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24789, Oct. 10, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. The composite ratio of ingredients shall be determined for powders and explosives in advance, and the structure, composition and maximum quantity of manufacturing per day shall also be determined in advance; and they shall be manufactured below the maximum quantity according to the composition ratio of the ingredients or the structure and composition;
2. No person, except employees necessary for work and persons deemed particularly necessary, shall enter a danger zone;
3. The maximum capacity of a dangerous factory laboratory and a temporary storage depot for powders shall be set within the limit determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety and no person except employees within the scope of the maximum capacity and persons deemed particularly necessary shall enter them;
4. No person shall be allowed to work in a danger zone while under the influence of alcohol;
5. Due discretion and prudence shall be used and complicated work shall not be performed in a danger zone;
6. A factory laboratory or temporary storage depot for powders shall always be cleaned so that hardware, soil, or sand shall not be inter-mingled and a water sprinkler or other appropriate steps shall be taken so that dust or sand may not be stirred up around the factory laboratory;
7. No light, except portable flashlights, shall be carried in a dangerous factory laboratory;
8. In or around a dangerous factory laboratory, etc., explosive, combustible, or inflammable materials shall not be stockpiled;
9. Backlog capacity or maximum quantity of ingredients used for powders in a dangerous factory laboratory, etc., to be stored in the same site and at the same time shall be set within the scope of quantity determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety, and powders or their ingredients shall not be stockpiled in excess;
10. Where operations closely related to temperature in manufacturing powders are conducted, the limit of temperature shall be set and work shall be conducted within such limit;
11. Machines, tools and containers used in a dangerous factory laboratory shall always be inspected and maintained properly;
12. Where machines, tools and containers used in a dangerous factory laboratory are repaired, repairs shall be performed only after powders adhered to or penetrated are shaken off outside the factory laboratory by the instructions of the person in charge of powders manufacturing security: in inevitable cases, repairs may be performed in the dangerous factory laboratory after necessary measures are taken, such as moving dangerous substances in the factory place to a safe place;
13. Where it is desirable to carry on remodelling or repair of a dangerous factory laboratory or temporary storage depot for powders, precautionary measures against danger and injury shall be taken in advance;
14. A dangerous factory laboratory shall not be used for other purposes than the proper work due to be done in the factory laboratory;
15. Certain precautionary measures against danger and injury, such as putting powders to be discarded or adulterated powders in certain disposal containers every day and discarding at certain sites, shall be taken;
16. In transporting powders, their ingredients and half-finished goods, prudence and discretion shall be used so that they may not be shocked or fall off;
17. A diesel locomotive shall not enter the place where there is a possibility that powder dust will be stirred up;
18. Patches or other wastes likely to be adhered to powders or oils shall be placed in certain containers and transported outside the factory laboratory after work each day, and precautionary measures against danger and injury shall be taken at certain sites;
19. Explosion tests, combustion tests, launching tests or incineration of powders shall be carried out at designated sites, respectively;
20. Tests of powders shall be conducted in a dangerous factory laboratory built for such tests or in a dangerous factory laboratory which can be diverted for conducting tests after stopping ordinary work;
21. Powders shall be put in inner wrappings that do not react with powders (including rewrappings; hereinafter the same shall apply) and then placed in outer coverings, as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety: Provided, That primary explosives or hydrate explosives which need not be wrapped up or fire-processed articles which are extremely difficult to cover may not be wrapped or covered;
22. The inner wrappings and outer covers under subparagraph 21 and outer envelopes of fireworks shall state the kind, quantity, efficiency, makers' names, date of production, term of availability, methods of usage (term of availability and methods of usage are limited to toy fireworks) of powders or fireworks: Provided, That the same shall not apply to inner wrappings in which they can not be entered;
23. The lids of wooden boxes, the outer coverings, containing powders, other than signal torpedoes, signal rockets and fireworks shall be screwed down by turning brass screw nails or wooden screw nails slowly and a metal hammer shall not be used: Provided, That where they are fastened by metal belts, under compelling circumstances, wooden knobs shall be applied to wooden boxes so that such iron belts under transportation may not touch other hardware;
24. Conditions of care necessary for the treatment shall be clearly described on the outer coverings;
25. The outer coverings shall be knobbed for convenient transportation and safety measures shall be taken;
26. No gaps shall be made between inner wrappings and outer coverings so as to not stir the contents;
27. Each day, after the manufacturing process is finished, powders shall not be left in a factory laboratory: Provided, That where powders must be left behind, a watchman shall be stationed.
(3) The criteria for techniques for manufacturing incapacitant sprays under Article 4 (5) of the Act shall be as follows: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 25836, Dec. 9, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. That harmful chemical substances and tear gas whose manufacture and use are restricted pursuant to other Acts and subordinate statutes, such as the Chemicals Control Act, etc., shall not be used in incapacitant sprays: Provided, That this shall not apply where they are approved, for the purpose of public peace, etc., by the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency after consultation with the heads of relevant central administrative agencies;
2. That the dispensing system of a powder spray shall be fulcrum trigger system and the dispensing system of a liquid spray shall be push-button system;
3. That they shall comply with the structure and performance standards determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety.
(4) The criteria for techniques for manufacturing electric shock machines under Article 4 (5) of the Act shall be as follows: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Electric shock machines shall not be used by electric currents and voltage to the extent capable of killing or injuring persons;
2. They shall be used by touching shocked objects;
3. They shall comply with the structure and efficiency standards determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety.
(5) The criteria for techniques for manufacturing crossbows under Article 4 (5) of the Act shall be as follows: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree by No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 15342, Apr. 12, 1997; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. They shall not be pulley-type or pistol-type crossbows;
2. The pulling pressure of strings shall be not more than 68㎏;
3. Arrowheads shall be round, not knife-edged, and unable to be detached from the arrow;
4. No aiming neck mounting shall be present;
5. They shall comply with other structure and efficiency standards determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety.
 Article 9-2 (Quantity of Ball Cartridges and Blank Cartridges which Guns Sales Agents May Sell without Permission)
(1) A guns sales agent may, without permission, sell ball or blank cartridges that are permitted to be sold to persons holding the permission of possession of guns within the scope of not more than 400 cartridges (5,000 cartridges in the case of blank cartridges in staple guns for construction) per capita per day pursuant to the proviso to Article 6 (2) of the Act.
(2) The quantity of ball and blank cartridges which a guns sales agent may hold in custody for sale under the provisions of paragraph (1) shall not exceed 10,000 for ball cartridges and 20,000 for blank cartridges (100,000 in the case of staple guns for construction).
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996]
 Article 10 (Criteria for Facilities of Sales Business)
(1) The criteria for facilities of sales business for guns, swords, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalists under the provisions of Article 6 (4) of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
1. They shall be provided with a salesroom with exclusive floor space of 16.5 square meters for the sale of guns, swords, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalists. In this case, goods unrelated to guns, swords, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalists shall not be displayed or held herein;
2. They shall be provided with custody devices falling under any of the following items:
(a) Hangar built of reinforced concrete;
(b) Hangar fixed to a section of the building such as concrete walls;
(c) Double fire-resistant iron safe (1.6㎜ or thicker in iron sheet and 450㎏ or more in weight);
3. They shall be equipped with one or more solid showcases designed to prevent someone from withdrawing and touching it easily;
4. They shall be equipped with a ball cartridge repository or one or more iron ball cartridge hangars;
5. They shall be equipped with one or more tools for charging air guns or gas guns with high-tension air or gas;
6. The doors or windows of entrances and show windows shall be built of tempered glass, show windows shall be installed with wire nets, and chains, in case of guns, shall be connected to the triggers of guns;
7. Entrances shall be installed with iron shutters and solid double locks; and
8. They shall be installed with alarm devices that are connected to the applicable branch office of police station and police stand.
(2) The criteria for facilities of sales business for powders under the provisions of Article 6 (4) of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
1. A powders repository for its exclusive use shall be installed;
2. A guard post shall be installed at the entrance;
3. A powders repository shall be built with a road leading into its entrance to enable safe transportation by vehicles;
4. The locations of sales agencies or powders repositories shall be safe from danger in distribution channels.
 Article 10-2 (Facility Criteria for Theatrical Prop Gun Rental Business, etc.)
Article 10 (1) 1 through 3 and 6 through 8 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the facility criteria for rental business of guns, swords, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows used as props for movies, dramas, etc. under Article 6-2 (1) of the Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016]
 Article 11 (Provisional Custody of Powders)
A person obligated to hold powders for export or import under custody (including a bonded area constructor and freight handler) shall take safeguards and precautionary measures to prevent disaster and injury, such as the prevention of fire, taking away, and theft of powders.
CHAPTER III POSSESSION AND USE OF GUNS, SWORDS, POWDERS, GAS SPRAYERS, ELECTRIC SHOCK MACHINES AND CROSSBOWS
 Article 12 (Persons Allowed to Possess Guns, etc. without Permission)
(1) Any of the following persons may possess guns, swords, powders, gas sprayers, electric shock machines and crossbows without permission under subparagraph 10 of Article 10 of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006>
1. A person who possesses guns, swords or powders which are valuable as cultural properties with a certificate issued by a cultural properties managing agency;
2. A person who has been designated as a user of guns, swords, powders, gas sprayers, electric shock machines or crossbows for teaching or research at schools of all grades under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the Higher Education Act or public agencies. In such cases, guns are limited to air guns;
3. A person who lends guns, swords or crossbows temporarily from a shooting range, private hunting ground or fencing school and takes lessons in shooting, hunting or swordsmanship in the same place;
4. A person who possesses a saber or ceremonial sword to command or wield on a ceremonial occasion in the military, schools or public agencies or possesses for the purpose of command as an active military or police commander. In such cases, such swords are limited to those that are not edged;
5. A person who possesses life rope throwers for lifesaving in relation to the business upon command from the head of an agency which the person belongs to, under the Framework Act on Civil Defense, the Fire Services Act and the Ship Safety Act;
6. A maker who keeps and manages the original register of guns, swords, powders, gas sprayers, electric shock machines and crossbows for a maker of guns, swords, powders, gas sprayers, electric shock machines and crossbows to use such register for research and development in a factory with approval from a director of a local police agency;
7. A person in possession of lead shots and cochineal shots as well as collimator that are parts of a gun (limited to air guns) and is also licensed to possess the gun in order to use it.
(2) A person who falls under paragraph (1) 2 shall abide by managerial observances on air gun determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 13 (Criteria of Imitation Guns)
Imitation guns under the provisions of Article 11 of the Act shall be deemed to fall under annexed Table 5-2.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990]
 Article 14 (Scope of Permission for Possession of Guns, Swords, Incapacitant Sprays, Electroshock Weapons, and Crossbows by Kinds and Uses)
(1) The scope of permission for possession of guns, swords, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, and crossbows by kind and use under Article 12 (5) of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Where a pistol is possessed for a shooting contest, sports or self-defense;
2. Where a shotgun, a single-shot gun, air gun, or a crowssbow is possessed for hunting, extermination of harmful birds and animals or shooting contest;
3. Where any of the following is possessed: a life rope thrower, life signal gun, butcher gun, anesthetizing gun, whaling gun or artillery, gun, spear gun, marking gun for whaling, industrial staple gun for construction, cable thrower and guns necessary for sweeping or other industrial applications for the use of life-saving, slaughter, anesthetization, fishing, construction, and other guns necessary for industrial purposes determined by the Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety;
4. Where a government or public agency possesses a gun, sword, injector, electronic percussion lock, and crossbows for the purpose of testing and research;
5. Where a person who, recommended as eligible by an agency head, as determined by the Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety, as an athlete or candidate participating in an athletic meeting or worldwide shooting contest, possesses a pistol in order to use it at the athletic meeting or shooting contest;
6. In cases of possessing a sword for the purpose of using or holding under custody for swordmanship contest, hunting, slaughter, agriculture and fishery, ornament or family heirloom;
7. In cases of possessing guns and swords for functions, such as festivals and ceremonies, swords for family heirloom or ornament and other swords that are deemed necessary for general folk customs or custom's sake;
8. Where an incapacitant spray or an electroshock weapon is possessed for guard duties, self-defense or animal roundup;
9. Where a person legally allowed to carry arms possesses an incapacitant spray for self-defense or arresting criminals;
10. Where a legal person has his/her employees, etc. possess an industrial gun, gas discharger, gas sprayer or electric shock machine according to any of the following categories for use:
(a) For public works, construction and other industrial application: industrial gun;
(b) For security: gas discharger (limited to a possessor legally entitled to carry arms), gas sprayer or electric shock machine;
(c) For anesthesia of animals: Tranquilizer guns;
11. Where any person who is licensed to possess a gun (limited to powder shotguns) is in possession of a barrel in order to use it to replace for the gun.
(2) Matters related to the extent of permission for possession and to the management of pistols in possession under paragraph (1) 1 shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 14-2 (Grounds for Disqualification for Possession of Guns, Swords, Explosives, Incapacitant Sprays, Electroshock Weapons, and Crossbows)
"Person prescribed by Presidential Decree" under Article 13 (1) 2 of the Act means a person acknowledged by a doctor in the specialized field that the person’s safe use of guns is not certain, due to psychopathy, such as dementia, schizophrenia, schizotypal affective disorder, bipolar affective disorder, recurrent depressive disorder, etc., or oligophrenia, epilepsy, etc.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015]
 Article 14-3 (Temporary Import or Export, etc. of Guns for Guard Duties)
(1) A person who intends to enter Korea while carrying guns for the purpose of guarding a national guest, a public official at ministerial or higher level, or a foreigner equivalent thereto, a diplomat, etc. shall, beforehand, file an application for permission, which states the following matters, for temporary import, temporary export, or temporary possession of guns with the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency:
1. Names of the persons entering Korea, date of birth, nationality, and passport numbers;
2. Types, names, and serial numbers, and quantity of guns; and the number of cartridges;
3. Date and time of arrival or departure; mode of transportation, such as flight number, etc.; point of departure and arrival.
(2) Before the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency grants permission for temporary import, temporary export, or temporary possession of guns for guard duties under Article 14 (3) of the Act, he/she shall first have consultation with the head of the Presidential Security Service. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017
(3) Where a person granted permission for temporary import, temporary export, or temporary possession of guns pursuant to paragraph (1) enters or leaves Korea, he/she shall notify the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency of the import or export of the guns.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 226858, Jan. 6, 2016]
 Article 14-4 (Storage, etc. of Guns, etc.)
(1) A person permitted to possess a gun (limited to a pistol, rifle, machine gun, canon, hunting rifle, or air rifle; hereafter in this Article and in Article 14-5 the same shall apply) pursuant to Article 12 of the Act shall keep the rifle, ammunition, or blank cartridges in a place designated by the permitting agency pursuant to Article 14-2 (1) of the Act. In such cases, the permitting agency shall issue a receipt prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety to the person permitted to possess a gun. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 226858, Jan. 6, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A gun possessor who keeps his/her gun, ammunition, or blank cartridges in a designated place pursuant to paragraph (1) may retrieve the gun, ammunition, or blank cartridges only where any of the following is applicable:
1. Where the gun is to be used for a permitted purpose;
2. Where the gun is to be repaired, sold, or purchased;
3. Where justifiable grounds acknowledged by the permitting agency exist.
(3) A gun possessor who intends to retrieve a gun, ammunition, or blank cartridges in custody shall file with the permitting agency an application for release from custody prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety together with the following documents: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Reasons for retrieval and documents evidencing the reasons;
2. A receipt under the proviso to paragraph (1);
3. Written approval for the collection of locational information prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015]
 Article 14-5 (Gun Possessors' Observance Duties with Regard to Collection of Locational Information)
A possessor of a gun released from custody pursuant to Article 14-2 (2) of the Act shall observe the following matters so that the collection of locational information may be performed smoothly:
1. To keep the GPS on a cell phone active, the locational information of which is agreed by him/her to be provided to the relevant authorities;
2. To install an application designated by the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency on a cell phone and to keep it active;
3. To carry a cell phone, the locational information of which is agreed by him/her to be provided to the relevant authorities, in a functioning mode until he/she again keeps the gun in custody.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015]
 Article 15 (Persons Who May Use Powders without Permission for Use)
A person who may use powder without permission for use under the proviso of Article 18 (1) of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 15342, Apr. 12, 1997; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006>
1. A person who, as a person having reported a mine-exploring plan or obtained an authorization of mining plan under the Mining Industry Act or registered with permission to establish submarine mining rights or submarine mining concessions under the Submarine Mineral Resources Development Act, wishes to use powders in order to extract minerals;
2. A person who, as a permittee to possess guns under Article 12 of the Act, wishes to use ball or blank cartridges for the purpose of such possession;
3. A school, research institute, hospital or other authorized institution, which wishes to use not more than 5kg of powders, not more than 2.5kg of explosives, not more than 100 industrial detonating caps, electric detonating caps, gun caps, signal detonating caps, ball cartridges, blank cartridges, fuses on rockets, or not more than 200m powder trains at one time for physical and chemical experiment or medical purpose;
4. A person legally entitled to possess powders for the performance of duty;
5. A person who wishes to use not more than 400 ball or blank cartridges for shooting practice;
6. A person who wishes to use fireworks equivalent to the quantity falling under any of the following items at the same place per day for signal or enjoyment:
(a) Fewer than 500 rocketing round fireworks under 6cm in diameter;
(b) Not more than 15 rocketing round fireworks with the diameter of at least 6cm to under 10cm;
(c) Not more than 10 rocketing round fireworks with the diameter of at least 10cm to under 20cm;
(d) A rocketing firework using not more than 200 detonating pipes;
(e) Not more than 300 firecrackers, each of which weighs not more than 0.1gram (excluding any firecracker that is ignited by rubbing the side flint or head flint of match) and others (except smoke firecrackers) packed in cases and sounding fulmination by igniting or not more than 0.1g of explosives (limited to those sounding fulmination);
(f) Explosives (limited to those whose quantity is not more than 30 connected to those packed in cases sounding fulmination by igniting) containing not more than 1g of powder per one or not more than 300 fireworks containing not more than 0.1g of explosives (limited to those sounding fulmination);
(g) No limit for paper detonating caps for games;
7. A person who wishes to use fireworks (excluding rocketing fireworks) equivalent to the quantity falling under any of the following items at the same place per day for cinematic or theatrical effect:
(a) Not more than 50 fireworks containing under 15g raw powders or explosives;
(b) Not more than 30 fireworks containing at least 15 and less than 30g of raw powders or explosives;
(c) Not more than 5 fireworks containing at least 30 and less than 50g of raw powders or explosives;
(d) Smoke candles, motion-picture illuminating candles or fire-works containing not more than 0.1g of explosives (limited to those sounding fulmination);
8. A person who wishes to use smoke candles for fire extinction or fire practice, weather observation, airtight test purpose;
9. A person who wishes to use not more than 100 ball cartridges or not more than 200 fireworks containing not more than 10g per day for the purpose of exterminating birds and animals;
10. A person who wishes to use injection guns for the purpose of exterminating birds and animals;
11. A person who wishes to use powders equivalent to the quantity falling under any of the following items at the same place per day for construction, public works or industrial application:
(a) Not more than 5000 blank cartridges for staple guns for construction;
(b) Not more than 150 microvibration crushers;
(c) Not more than 100 industrial ball cartridges;
(d) Not more than 500 detonating bottles;
(e) Not more than 50 detonating boring machines;
(f) Not more than 20 stamp mills;
(g) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987>
12. A person who uses starting powders for ships;
13. A person who wishes to use not more than 300 smoke balls for civil defense drill at the same place per day;
14. A proprietor of a car sales agency, parts agency, service center, etc. who wishes to display not more than 300 flame signals for car emergency signals used as indicators of car accidents or breakdowns for the purpose of sale and a person who wishes to possess not more than three of such to use for its original intended;
15. A person who wishes to use signal illuminating projectiles used in ships or aircraft for its original purposes;
16. A person in the ship or aircraft maintenance business who possesses signal illuminating projectiles used in ships or aircraft for sale in the amount of up to 200.
 Article 16 (Handling of Powders)
(1) Where a person who wishes to use powders under Article 18 of the Act handles powders (except primary explosives) at the place where he/she uses such powders, he/she shall take the following precautions:
1. Containers handling powders shall be built of lumber or other insulators and solid construction;
2. Powders, explosives and fire-processed articles shall be handled by putting in different containers, respectively;
3. Before using powders, inspections shall be made if they are hardened, damp or there is anything wrong with them;
4. Frozen and hardened dynamites shall be tempered in a melter which uses a hot spring in not more than 50 degrees celsius as an outer tub or indoors where the thermometer remains at not more than 30 degrees celsius and shall not be placed adjacent to stoves, steam engines or other high heat sources;
5. Hardened dynamites shall be softened by kneading [massaging] them by hand;
6. Powders that are left over or unsuitable to be used shall be returned to a powders repository;
7. In the case where it is desirable to cut a detonating fuse, it shall be cut at full length for safety's sake by using a prescribed tool and in sticking a detonating fuse in an industrial detonating cap, forceps shall be used;
8. An electric blasting fuse shall be put a conductivity or resistance test, and overall precautionary measures against danger and injury such as using those not exceeding 0.01 ampere through advance measurement of test currents shall be taken;
9. In the case where there is a danger of lightning, operations related to electric detonating caps and electric blasting fuses shall not be conducted;
10. When finishing the work using powders, powders shall not be left at the place where they are used except under compelling circumstances;
11. In handling powders, theft prevention shall always be considered.
(2) In handling primary explosives, they shall be handled in the following manner:
1. In transferring them into a container, they shall be put into containers made of polyethylene and vinyl so that primary powders and vinyl will not be decomposed and fuel oils may be prevented from leaking, being damp or being adulterated with impurities;
2. In leaving powders in the place using them, they shall not touch other explosives;
3. In and around the place using powders, corrosive acids, alkalis, combustible oil paper equivalents or other similar substances shall not be placed;
4. Returned primary powders shall be separated from other ones and, in subsequent use, they shall be used after first checking if there is anything wrong with them.
 Article 17 (Powders Dealerships)
(1) A person who has obtained permission for the use of powders under subparagraph 1 of Article 18 of the Act and a person who, falling under Article 15, uses powders shall construct a building (hereinafter referred to as "powders dealership") used exclusively for the control of powders and blasting powders preparation (except for works to stick an industrial or electric detonating cap in a cartridge or to handle a stuck cartridge) around the place using them, except in the case of places in which not more than 25kg of powders or explosives, not more than 50 industrial or electric detonating caps as daily use or not more than 250m powder trains are used within three days as approved by a superintendent of a police station that there is no need for constructing powders dealerships. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987>
(2) Powder dealerships under paragraph (1) shall be installed at each place using powders, and in accordance with the following criteria:
1. As against passageways, galleries used as passageways, powerlines, other powders dealerships, powders repositories, firearm dealing centers and buildings to which people gain access, they shall be installed at a safe and low dampness place;
2. They shall be one-story installations built of reinforced concrete, concrete block, or equally or more solid materials that may prevent theft or fire;
3. Roofs shall be built of slates, tiles or other incombustible materials;
4. The interior of buildings shall be built of dampproof and waterproof paints or boards, and it shall be ensured that hardware will not appear on the inside surface of the interior;
5. The exterior of a door shall be coated with iron sheets at least 2mm thick, and double-locked;
6. In installing heating systems, they shall be operated only by using warm water, steam or heat.
(3) The backlog quantity at a powders dealership shall be not more than a daily estimated quantity and 300kg for powders or explosives (except for primary explosives); 3,000 for industrial or electric detonating caps; and 6km for powder trains shall not be exceeded. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
(4) Powders dealerships shall keep books and clearly record the receipts and disbursements and the unused quantity.
(5) Subparagraphs 1 and 19 of Article 8, Article 9 (2) 3 and 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis to powders dealerships under paragraph (1). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
 Article 18 (Technical Criteria for Blasting of Powders)
(1) The technical criteria for blasting and burning of powders (except primary powders) shall be as follows:
1. Where a person wishes to transport powders into a pit or to a blasting place, he shall use a backpack or other similar transporter and powders or explosives, industrial detonating caps and electric detonating caps shall not be transported simultaneously by the same person, unless they are put in separate containers and transported, respectively;
2. The quantity of powders to be carried in a blasting place shall not exceed the estimated quantity designed for the blasting;
3. A person in charge of powders control and security shall appoint work assistants at a blasting field and instruct work relating to the quantity of receipts and disbursements and unused quantity, powders boring methods or charging methods of powders in a cartridge;
4. Before charging, boreholes or location of a cartridge chamber and conditions of bedrock, etc. shall be checked, and they shall be charged by means of relevant safe charging methods;
5. In the case where persons, livestock or buildings liable to be damaged due to things blown off and scattered through the blasting, measures against these shall be taken;
6. Blasted boreholes shall not be reloaded;
7. In charging powders or explosives, smoking or handling of firearms in the vicinity shall not be permitted;
8. Where powders are left over after the preparatory work for blasting, they shall be returned to the powders repositories without delay;
9. Where blasting in boreholes underwater is desired, waterproof measures on powders shall be taken;
10. Where it is desirable to blast hot water holes or other high-temperature holes with at least 100 degrees celsius, measures against phase-shifting decomposition of powders shall be taken;
11. When the place to be blasted is short-circuited, electric blasting shall not be conducted;
12. Sand, mud or other incombustible or inflammable joints of brickwork shall be used in boreholes, such safe equipment as tampers against friction, percussion and static electricity, etc. as charging tool, shall be used, and air chargers shall definitely touch the ground;
13. Where it is desirable to blast, a watchman shall be stationed in a danger zone which is pre-determined, no admittance shall be allowed except for those interested persons and there shall be ignition only after checking, by giving a warning to blast, if there is any danger;
14. The number of continual ignitions by the same person shall be not more than ten rounds in case where the length of a fuse-wire is at least 1.5m and not more than five rounds for under 1.5m and continual ignitions shall not be allowed for shorter than 0.5m;
15. After ignition, it shall be checked if the number of blasted holes corresponds with that explosions;
16. Blasting shall be conducted under the supervision of a person in charge of powders control and security. In such cases, the same shall also apply in cases where a powders user under the provisions of Article 27 (1) of the Act, not requiring to appoint a person in charge of powders control and security.
(2) The technical criteria for blasting by primary powders shall be as follows:
1. They shall not be damp or adulterated with impurities during the handling of primary powders or charging work;
2. Explosives suitable for the priming quantity shall be used together;
3. Cracked, gaped and hollow boreholes shall not be charged to excess;
4. Chargers shall be inspected and cleaned and before after their use;
5. Chargers shall be grounded so that static electricity generated during the charging work can be dissipated.
6. Iron tubes, tracks or permanent electric ground systems shall not be used for ground connection;
7. Detonating caps shall be put in the place not affected by static electricity during the charging work;
8. A person who deals with electric detonating caps or connects electric circuits shall remove objects generating static electricity from his body in advance;
9. Where chargers are used under conditions such as unusual drought liable to generate static electricity, explosives containing detonating caps shall be charged at the mouths of boreholes;
10. Explosives containing detonating caps shall not be charged by a charge hose;
11. Where detonating fuses are blasted, vinyl ones shall be used so that fuel oil may not permeate;
12. Unused primary explosives after the charging work shall be returned to a powders repository without delay;
13. Primary explosives shall not be blasted in a place with at least 0.5 percent of combustible gas;
14. Ignite as soon as possible after the charging;
15. In a blasting place, gas generated after blasting shall be looked after;
16. Where primary explosives or joints of brickworks are removed from unexploded boreholes, compressed air shall not be used.
 Article 19 (Technical Criteria for Electric Blasting)
In conducting electric blasting, in addition to the criteria of Article 18, the following subparagraphs shall be followed:
1. In transporting electric detonating caps, they shall be placed in a container such that the wires are not exposed, and one shall not carry them with dry batteries or other electric appliances with wires exposed or shall not approach electric light wires, power lines or other things liable to cause a short circuit;
2. Electric blasting machines and dry batteries shall be placed in dampproof place and checked if they may generate electricity before using them;
3. Blasting bus bars shall be used from insulated wires such as rubber at least 30 meters long, and the wires should be checked as to whether they are cut before using them;
4. One end of the blasting bus bars shall be detached from the igniter until it is ignited, and the core wire of the other end to be connected with each wire of the electric detonating caps shall be interspaced with each other so as not to make a short circuit;
5. In laying blasting bus bars, they shall be laid at a distance from electric wires, charged parts or other things most likely to cause static electricity;
6. In charging powders or explosives by means of air chargers, electric detonating caps shall be placed at the mouths of boreholes;
7. In blasting a number of electric detonating caps all together, they shall be charged with electricity necessary for electric detonating caps after taking into account all resistances such as voltage, source of electric power blasting bus bars, electric blasting fuses and electric detonating caps;
8. In using power lines or electric light wires as electric power, no person except workmen shall handle them, and electric wires shall be charged with adequate electricity of at least 1 ampere;
9. The knobs of electric blasting machines, except when blasting them, shall be fastened with locks for fixed systems and carried by workmen themselves in person for separatory systems;
10. Electric wires shall be put to conductivity and resistance tests at a safe place at least 30 meters away from the place where powders are charged before they are ignited.
 Article 20 (Technical Criteria for Large-scale Blasting)
Where there is blasting by using at least 300kg of explosives (including in cases where the total amount of explosives in each cartridge chamber is at least 300kg in concurrent or staged blasting), in addition to the criteria of Articles 18 and 19, the following subparagraphs shall be followed: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987>
1. Sings and other postings necessary for the prevention of danger and injury shall be posted within easy sight for the workmen to do work complying therewith;
2. The plan and work of blasting shall be conducted by a person in charge of first-class powders control and security in person;
3. Blasting places, their nearby topography, rock formation, texture of rocks and kinds of explosives to be used shall be checked and then designated by determining locations of cartridge chambers, amount of powders, closure of pits, shelters and other necessary matters in advance;
4. In digging through pits, the minimum quantity of powders necessary for the work shall be allowed to be transported;
5. In transporting or charging powders in the pits or in the course of pits closing work, firearms shall not be used;
6. In transporting explosives in the pits, wrappers for the powders shall not be destroyed or scattered;
7. Cartridges shall be charged to the cartridge chambers closely and kept dry;
8. Powder trains and electric wires in the pits shall be wired simply so that they may not cut the wires or create other obstacles in the course of pits closing work;
9. In closing the pits they shall be fast closed, up to the mouth of the pits so that rubble may not escape;
10. A thorough investigation shall be made into the bedrock and a projected collapse line and other appropriate places shall be marked before the ignition, and shall be confirmed if the charged explosives have been blasted completely and the blasting collapse situations shall be observed afterwards.
 Article 21 (Measures against Unexploded Charges)
(1) Where charged powders fail to explode or it is hard to confirm if they have exploded with all the ignition, no entry or access to the place where powders are charged shall be allowed unless at least 15 minutes (at least 5 minutes after a blasting bus bar is detached from the igniter and it is checked not to ignite again for electric blasting) has elapsed after the ignition.
(2) Unexploded charges shall be treated by the following methods:
1. They shall be parallel bored and blasted again at intervals of not more than 60cm (not more than 30cm for boreholes by hand) from the unexploded boreholes and unexploded powders shall be retrieved;
2. Water shall be infused into unexploded boreholes by rubber hoses enabling joints of brickworks and powders to flow out by dint of the water, and unexploded powders shall be retrieved;
3. Joints of brickworks shall be pulled out by infusing compressed gas into unexploded blasters or they shall be ignited again without affecting detonating caps by charging little by little;
4. Where unexploded powders cannot be retrieved according to the methods of subparagraphs 1 through 3 the instructions of the person in charge of powders control and security shall be followed after marking the places appropriately.
 Article 22 (Measures after Blasting)
When the blasting is finished, the workman shall forbid people from entering or approaching the blasting places and their neighborhoods unless the danger of poisonous gas from the blasting is completely cleared and after the non-existence of danger and injury has been ensured, and more than 30 minutes have elapsed in case of the danger in ceiling, side walls and other bedrocks (after checking that not less than 30 minutes have elapsed in case of the blasting for large-scale blasting and it is safe) have been inspected and checked:
 Article 23 (Technical Criteria for Using Fireworks)
(1) Fireworks shall be used based on the following criteria: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20557, Jan. 22, 2008>
1. A place where fireworks are to be used shall be kept at a safe distance from roads, buildings, persons or livestock so that they may not be damaged, depending on the kinds and weight of fireworks;
2. When the velocity of the wind is ten meters per second or higher, fireworks shall not be used;
3. In and around the place where fireworks are to be used, equipment necessary for their extinction shall be equipped therewith;
4. No person shall not be allowed to engage in work using fireworks under the influence of alcohol;
5. Fireworks (including powders for launching fireworks) shall be encased a container and topped by a lid, and heat of fire shall not approach the container;
6. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 20557, Jan. 22, 2008>
7. Launching cylinders used for launching shall be fastened tightly facing upwards, taking into account the direction of the wind and shall be cleaned frequently during the use;
8. Other rocketing fireworks shall not be used within 20 meters of the place when the rocketing fireworks are ready to be used;
9. Rocketing fireworks shall be scattered at a height of not less than 20 meters;
10. Fireworks shall be inspected for hardening, dampness or existence of other abnormalities and fireworks deemed to be abnormal shall not be used;
11. In encasing fireworks into launching cylinders, they shall be encased slowly by using ropes, etc.;
12. Fireworks shall be ignited after checking the clearance of danger and injury by not letting in anyone to the previously set danger zone except for authorized persons;
13. During launching, exploding or burning fireworks, powders for launching fireworks shall not be measured in and around the place;
14. Where powders for launching fireworks do not explode or burn with all the ignition, fireworks shall be pulled out from launching cylinders by laying them down slowly after pouring a large quantity of water into the launching cylinder and waiting ten minutes;
15. Where unexploded fireworks are left over, appropriate safety measures, such as retrieving and dipping them in water, shall be taken without delay.
(2) Fireworks shall be launched under the supervision of the person in charge of powders control and security.
 Article 24 (Technical Criteria for Discarding Explosives)
(1) The technical criteria for discarding powders under Article 20 (3) of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
1. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
2. The powders shall be disposed of by the methods categorized in each of the following items:
(a) Powder or explosives shall be exploded or burned little by little: Provided, That powders or explosives (except for nitro compounds containing nitro esther or at least three of nitrogroups) mainly composed of water-soluble ingredients such as nitrate and perchlorate, may be discharged into water in the form of a safe solution;
(b) Frozen dynamites shall be treated by burning after completely melting them or treated by exploding in sequence by dividing them into small quantities of not more than 500g;
(c) Fire-processed articles (except for detonating fuses and powder trains) shall be buried in the ground packed in small quantities and shall be treated by exploding with industrial detonating caps or electric caps;
(d) Detonating fuses shall be burned or decomposed by dipping in water;
(e) Powder trains shall be treated by exploding industrial detonating caps or electric detonating caps.
(2) Where explosives are exploded or burnt pursuant to paragraph (1) 2, the following criteria shall apply: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24789, Oct. 10, 2013>
1. Earth mounds of at least two meters in height, which prevent danger and injury from occurring, shall be erected around the disposal place even where the entire quantity of the powders explodes at the same time;
2. Red flags shall be hoisted somewhere in and around the disposal place, and watchmen shall be placed therein and shall control passage for no access except to those necessary for the work;
3. Disposal shall begin after the unused quantity of powders to be exploded or burned are placed at a safe place and the next treatment shall not be launched until the previous one has been finished;
4. Where explosives are to be burned, choose a less windy day, ignite the explosives toward the upwind direction, and allow no person to approach the burning explosives;
5. Where they are to be exploded by using electric detonating caps, a conductivity test shall be done in advance at a place secluded from the exploding place; and
6. Articles 16 (1) 1 through 5, 7 and 8, and 18 (1) 11 and subparagraphs 1 through 9 of Article 19 shall apply mutatis mutandis to treatment by explosion or burning of subpara graphs 1 through 5.
 Article 25 (Quantity of Explosives that Can Be Acquired without Permission)
(1) The quantity of explosives that can be acquired without permission under Article 21 (1) 4 of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. Deleted; <by Presidential Decree No. 17185, Mar. 31, 2001>
2. Not more than 100 rounds per day for hunting ball or blank cartridges, and not more than 200 rounds per day for firing ball cartridges;
3. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 17185, Mar. 31, 2001>
(2) The quantity of powders and explosives a person who mines minerals can take over without permission under Article 21 (1) 5 of the Act shall be not more than 1,125g, respectively.
 Article 26 (Provision of Education)
(1) Pursuant to the proviso to Article 22 (1) of the Act, the following persons shall be exempt from education or undergo education after obtaining permission: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 17185, Mar. 31, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 19563, Jun. 29, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20557, Jan. 22, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Persons who are to be exempt from education:
(a) Manufacturers, dealers, or renters of guns and crossbows;
(b) Persons who have work experience of at least six months in handling guns, crossbows, or explosives in a store of guns, crossbows, or explosives;
(c) Persons who have registered as an athlete with a shooting federation affiliated with the Korean Sport and Olympic Committee;
(d) Persons who have experience of at least six months in handling firearms in educational institutions or departments in exclusive charge of firearms at the National Police Agency, military ordnance schools, military marksmanship instruction units, the Korean Sport and Olympic Committee or sports associations affiliated with the Korean Sport and Olympic Committee;
(e) Persons who have obtained permission to possess target rifles;
(f) Persons who have passed a test for exemption from education prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety;
2. Persons who are subject to ex post facto education:
(a) Persons who are to participate in a shooting or hunting contest as a staff member after an application for permission to possess guns or crossbows is filed;
(b) Persons who contracts a disease or faces any other extenuating circumstances after an application for permission to possess guns or crossbows is filed.
(2) Unless any extraordinary circumstance exists, a person who is subject to ex post facto education under paragraph (1) 2 shall undergo education within seven days from the date the causes under subparagraph 2 cease to exist.
(3) The commissioner of a local police agency may conduct safety education relating to guns, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, and crossbows pursuant to the guidelines prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety for any of the following persons to prevent disasters or to ensure public safety: Provided, That the chief of a police station may implement safety education relating to guns, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, and crossbows to persons who install an air rifle or crossbow shooting range, persons who obtain permission to possess an air rifle, incapacitant spray, electroshock weapon, or crossbow under subparagraph 2 and persons who install a class 3 storage facility or a temporary storage facility under subparagraph 4: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 23570, Jan. 31, 2012; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Manufacturers and dealers of guns, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, and crossbows;
1-2. Renters of guns, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, and crossbows;
2. Installers of shooting ranges under the Act on Safety Management of Shooting and Shooting Ranges, and persons who obtains permission to possess a gun (limited to hunting rifles and air rifles), incapacitant spray, electroshock weapon, or crossbow;
3. Persons in charge of security in manufacturing explosives and persons in charge of security in managing explosives;
4. Installers of explosives storage facilities.
(4) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20557, Jan. 22, 2008>
 Article 26-2 (Implementation of Safety Education)
(1) Where a person permitted to possess a gun (limited to a hunting rifle or air rifle; hereafter in this Article the same shall apply) or crossbow pursuant to Article 22 (4) of the Act intends to go hunting, he/she shall receive safety education including the following matters, which is implemented by the commissioner of a local police agency or the chief of a police station: Provided, That this shall not apply in the year in which he/she receives education under Article 22 (1) of the Act:
1. How to manipulate a gun or crossbow, and rules for safety management;
2. What to do if a gun or crossbow is stolen or lost, and if a safety accident occurs;
3. Matters requiring attention when hunting animals pursuant to relevant statutes, such as the Act, the Wildlife Protection and Management Act, etc.
(2) The safety education under paragraph (1) shall be effective for one year from the date a person receives safety education.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26518, Sep. 11, 2015]
CHAPTER IV CONTROL OF GUNS, SWORDS, POWDERS, GAS SPRAYERS, ELECTRIC SHOCK MACHINES, AND CROSSBOWS
 Article 27 (Quantity of Powders to be Stored in Places Except for Powders Repositories)
The quantity of powders to be stored in the places except for powders repositories under the proviso of Article 24 (1) of the Act shall be enlisted in the annexed Table 6: Provided, That the annexed Table 6 shall not apply in cases where they are temporarily held in custody and approved by the head of the applicable police station.
 Article 28 (Kinds of Powders Repositories)
(1) The classification by type of powders repositories under Article 25 (1) of the Act shall be as follows, but repositories of subparagraphs 1, 2 and 4 through 8 shall obtain permission from the chief of local police agency, and repositories of subparagraphs 3 and 9 shall from the superintendent of the police station: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. First-class repository;
2. Second-class repository;
3. Third-class repository;
4. Underwater repository;
5. Ball cartridge repository;
6. Fireworks repository;
7. Toy fireworks repository;
8. Detonating fuse repository;
9. Simplified repository.
(2) A second-class repository may be installed only to do temporary public works or when a person performing construction works scheduled to last for a certain period of time wishes to store powders for using in the work.
(3) The powders to be stored at powders repositories shall follow the annexed Table 7 according to the classification by type of paragraph (1).
 Article 29 (Location, Structures and Equipment of Powders Repositories)
The locations, structure and equipment of powders repositories under the provision of Article 25 (2) of the Act shall be prescribed by the provisions of Articles 30 through 44.
 Article 30 (Safety Distance between Powders Repositories and Security Goods)
(1) Powders repositories shall keep a safety distance from their outer walls to the security goods pursuant to attached Table 8, depending on the quantity of stock.
(2) Where powders are stored exceeding the quantity of stock listed in attached Table 12 under Article 45 (1), the safety distance calculated by the following formula shall be kept:
Safety distance

{
safety distance corresponding to denominator's amount of stock
}
×
{
cube root of quantity to be stored
}
cube root of quantity of storage listed in attached Table 12
(3) Where earth mounds shall be heaped up at least 4/5 of the height of the roof between repositories for first-class ones, second-class ones, fireworks ones and second-class security goods, third-class security goods or fourth-class security goods under Article 42, the safety distance, notwithstanding paragraph (1), may follow the safety distance listed in attached Table9.
(4) Where fire walls are installed between repositories for toy fireworks repositories and security goods, the safety distance, notwithstanding paragraph (1), may be at least five meters.
(5) Where security goods are an accessory facility for the business of a person who obtains permission to install an explosives storage facility, the safety distance to the safety goods, notwithstanding paragraph (1), may be separately determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 31 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of First-Class Ground Repositories)
The criteria of locations, structures and equipment of the first-class repositories to be installed shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987>
1. Repositories shall be installed on dry ground, with solid foundation above the ground for good drainage;
2. Buildings shall be one-story building built of reinforced concrete or brick concrete block or stone;
3. Walls of the repository shall be not less than 15cm thick for sections of reinforced concrete or stone or not less than 20cm thick for sections of brick concrete block or stone;
4. Gates shall be double-doored with the storm door reinforced with iron plates not less than 3㎜ thick, and shall be installed with not less than two locks;
5. Windows shall be installed at a height of not less than 1.7 meters from the foundation of the repository for the good passage of sunlight depending on their sizes, at intervals of not more than 10cm iron bars and not less than 1cm in diameter shall be installed, and a sliding door system using opaque glass for the inside and for the inside a shutter not to be easily opened from the outside shall be installed;
6. Floors shall be at a height of not less than 30cm from the foundation, and in cases where the bottom is paved with concrete instead of floors, shock-absorbing materials which can prevent shock that can be caused by friction shall cover it, and under the floor or by the concrete bottom, not less than 3 wired ventilators (interlaced with iron bars not less than 1cm in diameter at intervals of about 5cm for the repositories not less than 20cm in width) depending on the size of repositories shall be installed;
7. The interior of the repository shall be lined with boards and hardware shall not appear on the floor surface or concrete floor;
8. In the appropriate place on the ceiling of the repository not less than one ventilator shall be installed for the outside air to be well ventilated;
9. In cases where heating apparatuses are installed, they shall be heated by using hot water or heat;
10. Lighting fixtures shall not be installed in the repository;
11. The roofs shall be built of fireproof materials such as metal, slates or tiles and shall have structures that can prevent theft and fire;
12. Lightning devices shall be installed in the repository;
13. Earth mounds shall be heaped up around the repository;
14. An open space of not less than two meters shall be left from the outside of earth mounds of the repository so that it may prevent burning in case of fire and a boundary fence shall be erected;
15. A water tank and boundary board shall be installed within the boundary fence;
16. Electric lights shall be on turned, except for exceptional circumstances, at night outside the repository and theftproof emergency alarms, etc. shall be installed.
 Article 32 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of Ground Molding First-Class Repositories)
The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of a first-class repository to be installed above the ground by means of molding up the mantle of the repositories with earth (hereinafter referred to as "molding") instead of heaping earth mounds shall as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 20557, Jan. 22, 2008>
1. The repository shall be double-walled and dampproof with the outer wall built of reinforced concrete not less than 20cm thick and the interval between the inner wall and the outer wall shall be not more than 20cm;
2. Drainage shall be equipped so that the interspace between the inner wall and the outer wall may not become damp;
3. Floors shall be at a height of not less than 30cm from the foundation, and where the bottom is paved with reinforced concrete instead of floors, shock-absorbing materials which can prevent shock that can be caused by friction shall cover it, and under the floor or by the concrete bottom and on the ceiling, one or more ventilators for each repository (When the width is 20cm or wider, iron rods the diameter of which is no less than 1cm shall be inserted at an interval of about 5cm) shall be installed;
4. The repository shall be molded up (except for entrance sections) with the slant of not more than 45 degrees and molding shall be not less than three meters thick;
5. The repository shall be molded up with earth not mixed with stones and turfed with grass as deemed necessary;
6. Subparagraphs 4, 7, 9, 12, 14, and 16 of Article 31 and subparagraphs 6 and 7 of Article 33 shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to ground molding first-class repositories.
 Article 33 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of Underground FirstClass Repositories)
The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of first-class repositories installed underground shall be as follows:
1. Repositories shall be installed in the places whose groundwork is firm and explosion may not inflict danger and injury on nearby pit facilities and employees, etc;
2. Repositories shall be built of reinforced concrete, which is solid and dampproof: Provided, That if they are deemed safe depending on rock texture, they may be applied by cement mortar and built of double wall with boards;
3. In cases where double walls with boards under the proviso of subparagraph 2 are installed, drainage shall be equipped so that the space between the inner wall and the outer wall may not become damp;
4. Gates shall be installed with double-door, iron storm door, and not less than two locks;
5. The thickness of groundwork of the repository shall be subject to the criteria listed in the annexed Table 10;
6. At the entrance of the repository or within five meters from tunnels to the repository, earth mounds shall be heaped up to be unaffected from direct shock waves during explosion;
7. In cases where lighting fixtures are installed in the repository, they shall be installed with explosion-preventive lights and wired with iron plates or other cable wiring for wires not to appear, and automatic cutoffs or switches shall be installed outside the repository; and
8. The provisions of subparagraphs 7 and 16 of Article 31 shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to first-class repositories installed underground.
 Article 34 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of Second-Class Repositories)
(1) The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of a second-class repository to be installed on the ground shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 20557, Jan. 22, 2008>
1. The repository shall be installed on dry ground and to be drained well;
2. Buildings shall be one-story buildings built of brick or more solid materials;
3. Gates shall be installed with double-door, the storm door reinforced with iron plates not less than 2㎜ thick, and not less than two locks;
4. Two or more windows shall be installed at a height of not less than1. 7 meters from the foundation of the repository for the passage of sunlight, depending on the size of the repositories, iron bars not less than 1cm in diameter shall be installed at intervals of not less than 10cm, and a shutter not to be easily opened from the outside shall be installed;
5. The interior of the repository shall be installed with such materials as boards which can prevent static electricity and shock, and hardware shall not appear on the floor surface or concrete bottom;
6. Where heating apparatuses are installed, they shall be heated by using hot water;
7. Where lighting fixtures are installed in the repository, they shall be installed with explosion-preventive lights and wired with iron plates or other cable wiring without letting wires appear, and automatic cutoffs or switches shall be installed outside the repository;
8. The inside roof of repositories shall be built of light materials such as timber that can be lightly blown off in explosion, and the outside roof of the repositories shall be built of noncombustible materials, such as metal, slates, tiles, etc., with the wired ceiling;
9. Lightning devices shall be installed in the repository;
10. Earth mounds shall be heaped up around the repository;
11. An open space of not less than two meters shall be left from the outside of earth mounds of the repository so that it may prevent burning in cases of fire;
12. There shall be a boundary fence outside the open space and a water tank and a boundary board shall be installed therein;
13. There shall be electric lights turned on, except in exceptional circumstances, at night outside the repository and theftproof emergency alarms, etc shall be installed.
(2) The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of a second-class repository to be installed underground shall be as follows:
1. The repository shall be built of theftproof structure;
2. Inside walls shall be built of reinforced concrete: Provided, That if they are deemed safe depending on rock texture, they may be built of cement mortar or boards;
3. Where the repository is installed by digging grooves on the hillside incline or the inner wall of the tunnels, its inner walls shall be built of concrete or wooden double boards;
4. Subparagraphs 7 and 16 of Articles 31, subparagraph 7 of Article 33 and attached Table 8 shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to second-class repositories to be installed underground.
 Article 35 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of Third-Class Repositories)
(1) The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of third-class repositories installed above ground shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987>
1. Walls of repositories (except front walls) shall be built of reinforced concrete at least 20cm thick or reinforced cement block at least 30cm thick and front walls shall be built of concrete at least 10cm thick;
2. Roofs shall be built of building materials such as reticulate cement mortar that can be lightly blown off in explosion;
3. The foundation of partition walls for storing powders or explosives and fire-processed Articles shall be built on the foundation of the repository by applying concrete at least 10cm thick, and partition walls shall be built of reinforced concrete at least 30cm thick or reinforced concrete block at least 40cm thick;
4. Doorways shall be installed in the direction likely to be out of danger for the safety of nearby security goods and fire control facilities such as foam extinguishers shall be installed outside the repository;
5. Earth mounds or temporary earth mounds shall be installed around the repository;
6. Subparagraphs 4 through 10 of Article 31 shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to third-class repositories installed above ground.
(2) The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of third-class repositories installed underground shall be as follows:
1. They shall be installed in places where the upper groundwork of underground repositories is at least 60cm thick;
2. They shall not be installed under houses or other structures;
3. Subparagraphs 7 and 16 of Article 31, subparagraphs 1 through 4 and 6 of Article 33, and paragraph (1) 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to third-class repositories installed underground.
 Article 36 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of Underwater Repositories)
The criteria for locations, structure and, equipment of underwater repositories shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24789, Oct. 10, 2013>
1. The foundation or walls of repositories shall be built of reinforced concrete at least 15cm thick, and waterproofed to prevent water from permeating;
2. Roofs shall be built of fireproof materials such as reticulate cement mortar, and shall be built of a theftproof structure;
3. Water gauges and automatic absorbing devices shall be installed;
4. Drain ditches through which water can overflow and drain off shall be installed, and they shall be installed with settling tanks so that chemical agents may not run down.
 Article 37 (Locations, structures and Equipment of Ball Cartridge Repositories)
The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of ball cartridge repositories shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. Walls of the repository shall be at least 20cm thick for reinforced concrete, and at least 30cm thick for brick concrete block or stone;
2. Roofs shall be built of reinforced concrete at least 20cm thick;
3. Subparagraphs 1, 2, 4 through 10, 12, 14, and 16 of Article 31 shall apply mutatis mutandis to ball cartridge repositories.
 Article 38 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of Fireworks Repositories)
The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of fireworks repositories shall be as follows:
1. They shall be one-story reinforced block, with solid foundation above the ground and have good drainage;
2. Walls of the repository shall be at least 10cm thick for reinforced concrete, and at least 20cm for reinforced concrete block;
3. Under the floor, not fewer than two ventilators pursuant to first-class repositories depending on the size of repositories shall be installed;
4. Earth mounds, temporary earth mounds and explosion-preventive walls shall be installed around the repository;
5. Subparagraphs 1, 4, 7, 8, 11, and 12 of Article 31 shall apply mutatis mutandis to fireworks repositories.
 Article 39 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of Toy Fireworks Repositories and Detonation Fuses Repositories)
The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of toy fireworks repositories and detonating fuses repositories shall be as follows:
1. Repositories shall be installed on dry ground;
2. They shall, except in exceptional circumstances, be one-story structures, and roofs and walls shall be coated with reticulate cement mortar, limewash or fireproof paints;
3. Gates shall be installed with theftproof installations such as double locks.
 Article 40 (Locations, Structures and Equipment of Temporary Repositories)
The criteria for locations, structures and equipment of temporary repositories shall be as follows:
1. Walls and ceilings (including the floor for buildings which are 2-stories or higher) shall be built of reinforced concrete at least 10cm thick or reinforced concrete block at least 20cm thick;
2. Roofs shall be built of reinforced concrete at least 10cm thick;
3. Gates shall be built of metal using iron plates at least 1mm thick;
4. Automatic fire fighting systems shall be installed.
 Article 41 (Lightning Devices)
Matters necessary for locations, forms, structures and materials, etc. of lightning devices installed in powders repositories shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 42 (Earth Mounds)
In cases where earth mounds are heaped up in the powders repositories, they shall be subject to each of the following criteria: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. Earth mounds shall be heaped up at a distance of not less than 1 meter and not more than 2 meters from the outer wall of the repository to the lower part of the inner wall of the earth mound: Provided, That earth mounds at the doorway of repositories may be at a distance of not less than 2 meters for forklift trucks, etc. to enter or exit;
2. In cases where the doorway is installed by tearing down earth mounds, it shall be structured that all straight lines stretching outside from the main building of the repository in a plane figure can necessarily intersect top lines of earth mounds;
3. Earth mounds shall be slanted by not more than 45 degrees, the height of earth mounds shall be higher than the roof of the repository (1.5m for the roof not more than 1.5m high), and the width of the top shall be not less than 1m;
4. In cases where earth mounds are inevitably substituted by earth fences, they shall be not more than one-third the height of earth mounds, and earth fences of the inside shall be those that can be lightly blown off, except in cases where earth mounds are heaped up in the fireworks repositories;
5. In case where not fewer than two repositories adjoin and share the middle earth mounds, passageways shall not be installed in earth mounds;
6. Surfaces of earth mounds shall be turfed with grass wherever possible.
 Article 43 (Temporary Earth Mounds)
(1) In case where temporary earth mounds are installed, they shall be subject to the following criteria:
1. Temporary earth mounds shall be slanted by not more than 75 degrees, the height of them shall be higher than the roof (1.5m for the roof not more than 1.5m) for third-class repositories and higher than the eaves (1.5m for the eaves not more than 1.5m) for fireworks repositories, and the width of the top shall be not less than 60cm; and
2. The top shall be boarded up or turfed-bound to prevent rain from permeating.
(2) The provisions of Article 42 (except for subparagraph 3) shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to temporary earth mounds.
 Article 44 (Explosion-Preventive Walls)
Matters necessary for locations, structures and materials of explosion preventive walls installed around the fireworks repositories shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 45 (Quantity of Storage)
(1) The quantity of storage of powders to be stored at the repository under the provisions of Article 24 (1) of the Act shall be as listed in the annexed Table 12: Provided, That under compelling circumstances, storage may exceed the quantity of storage with the permission of the permitting agency.
(2) The quantity of storage where not fewer than two kinds of powders in first-class, second-class, third-class and temporary repositories are stored at the same place shall be the quantity such that the total of the respective quantity of powders divided by the maximum quantity of storage of powders concerned pursuant to the annexed Table 12 does not exceed 1.
 Article 46 (Methods of Storing and Handling Explosives in Explosives Storage Facilities)
(1) Where explosives (excluding detonating fuses and electric detonator fuses) are stored (excluding storage in an underwater storage facility) in an explosives storage facility under Article 24 (1) of the Act, methods of storing and handling explosives shall be as follows: Provided, That subparagraphs 8, and 11 through 13 shall not apply to the case of fusee signals, signal rockets, or fireworks: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
1. People not deemed necessary shall be forbidden to enter the boundary fence of the repository;
2. Things liable to explode, ignite or burn shall not be placed in the boundary fence of the repository;
3. Things except powders being stored shall not be placed in the repository;
4. Safe shoes, such as slippers available only in the repository, shall be worn in the repository;
5. When entering the repository, no hardware or tools made of hardware or portable dry cells or lights other than electric lamps shall be carried therewith;
6. No work such as wrapping goods or uncovering lids from wooden boxes shall be conducted in the repository;
7. The interior of the repository shall be ventilated with care, the seasonal effects and temperature changes between summer and winter shall be minimized, and a thermometer shall be installed when smokeless powders or dynamites are stored;
8. Boxes containing explosives shall be stacked in parallel with the crossties made of rectangular lumber at least 9cm high or with anti-static plastic pallets on which the boxes are laid; and the boxes shall be at least 30cm apart from the inner wall of the explosives storage facility (excluding a class 3 explosives storage facility under Article 28 (1) 3), and the height of the stacked boxes shall not exceed 1.8 meters;
9. Where powders are released, powders stored longer shall be released first;
10. Where powders which have elapsed at least a year from the date of production remain, especially good care shall be taken in case there is anything wrong with them;
11. If nitroglycerine oozes through the dynamite cartridges and pollutes the board of a box or a floor, it shall be decomposed with liquids mixed with 150 grams of sodium hydroxide, 150 milliliters of water, and 1 liter of alcohol and rubbed with dry dusters;
12. Where nitroglycerine oozes through or moisture absorption flows out of the board of a box, safe measures such as using the powders or discarding them shall be taken right away on inspection of the powders;
13. Industrial or electric detonating caps using priming powders mainly compounded of azide lead and industrial or electric detonating caps in which tube body copper is used shall not be piled together.
(2) Storing and handling methods when powders are stored in a underwater repository shall be as follows:
1. Powdered powders shall be allowed to contain 15 percent moisture, then packed watertight and encased in wooden boxes, while lump powders shall be stored uninterruptedly submerged;
2. Powders shall be stored underwater at the depth of at least 50cm;
3. The amount of water shall not be decreased.
(3) Paragraphs (1) 1 through 3, 5, 6, 9 and 10 shall apply mutatis mutandis to underwater repositories.
 Article 47 (Storing and Handling Methods in Places other than Powders Repositories)
(1) In cases where powders are stored in places other than powders repositories under the proviso of Article 24 (1) of the Act, measures which can prevent fire and theft, such as encasing powders in containers, locking and placing guards, shall be adopted.
(2) The provisions of Article 46 (1) 1, 2, 5, 6 and 10 through 13 shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to paragraph (1).
 Article 48 (Quantity to be Transported without Reporting)
The kinds and quantities of powders to be transported without reporting transportation under the proviso of Article 26 (1) of the Act shall be as the annexed sheet 13.
 Article 49 (Loading Methods)
(1) The technical criteria for loading methods of powders under the provision of Article 26 (4) of the Act shall be as follow: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. Jun. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. They shall not be rubbed, shaken or rolled down in transit;
2. Powders shall be covered with waterproof or fireproof coverings;
3. Powders (except for primary explosives, ball cartridges, blank cartridges and shells) shall be not loaded exceeding the weight (including the armoring) equivalent to 80 percent of vehicle's carrying capacity to be loaded;
4. Powders shall not be loaded into the same vehicle with such things hereunder:
(a) ignitable or inflammable objects;
(b) matters liable to rub or shock powders due to incomplete armoring;
(c) steel manufactures, machines, ores or other things corresponding to thereto; and
(d) poisonous substances, lethal substances, radioactive substances or other harmful substances.
(2) The provisions of paragraph (1) 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to things other than those under the provisions of subparagraph 4 of the same paragraph and the vehicle's carrying capacity where powders are loaded together, except in cases where the quantity of powders pursuant to the annexed Table 13 or below 10 percent of vehicle's carrying capacity and objects other than those under the provisions of para graph (1) 4 are loaded together.
(3) Different kinds of powders shall not be loaded in the same vehicle: Provided, That this shall not apply to the cases of powders pursuant to the annexed Table 14.
 Article 50 (Transporting Methods)
(1) The technical criteria for transporting methods of powders under Article 26 (4) of the Act shall be as follows: Provided, That subparagraphs 1, 2, 4 and 5 shall not apply in cases where powders are transported pursuant to the annexed Table 13: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 17185, Mar. 31, 2001; Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
1. Powders shall be transported by motor vehicle (except for two-wheeler vehicles and taxies; hereinafter the same shall apply), and in cases where they are transported not less than 200 kilometers in distance, the freight forwarder shall have not less than one reserve driver to make a shift possible;
2. A guard shall be aboard the transporter: Provided, That in the event that any manufacturer, any sale business operator or any powder user uses only one truck to transport daily powders to one place, he may get the person in charge of transportation to concurrently work as a security guard;
3. Vehicles shall be parked on a place of safety;
4. In cases where vehicles are parked at night or is indiscernible circumstances, red lamps shall be lighted at points 15 meters in the front and rear of the vehicle;
5. Vehicles loaded with powders shall be kept at a distance of not less than 100 meters from each other in advancing forward (except for passing ahead) and at a distance of not less than 50 meters in parking;
6. In and around powders, smoking or handling of firearms shall not be allowed;
7. In handling powders, hooks, etc. shall not be used;
8. In loading or unloading powders to and from a vehicle, brake mechanisms including the stopping of motor shall be completely applied;
9. In loading powders, the place shall be cleaned immediately before and after loading;
10. In handling powers, iron shoes shall not be worn;
11. Powders shall not be loaded at night except in exceptional circumstances;
12. Mercury fulminate or priming powders mainly composed of mercury fulminate shall be transported saturated with 25 percent water or alcohol;
13. Lead trinitroresorcinate, tetrasen, diazodinitrophenol or priming powders mainly composed of these shall be transported saturated with 20 percent water or alcohol;
14. Nitrocellulose shall be transported saturated with about 23 percent water or alcohol;
15. Pentaerythrite and tetranitrate shall be transported saturated with 15 percent water or alcohol;
16. Powders deemed necessary to be muddy to prevent other dangers in transit shall be transported saturated with water to secure safety depending on the nature of the powders.
(2) The passageways of transporting powders shall be subject to the following criteria, except in cases where transportation via passageways meeting the criteria makes a long detour or there are other compelling circumstances in which the passageways meeting this criteria cannot be used:
1. In cases where they are transported by vehicle, they shall not travel road narrower in breadth than that added by 3.5 meters to the vehicle's breadth;
2. The places where firearms are handled and ignitable or inflammable substances are piled shall not be approached;
3. Business quarters or other places where people frequent or many people gather shall not be passed by;
4. Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
 Article 51 (Transportation Sign)
(1) Vehicles transporting powders shall have the following signs to represent that powders are in transit: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. At daytime, signs with "fire" written in white on a red background less than 35 cm both in width and in length shall be placed front, rear, and both sides within easy view of the vehicle: Provided, That in compelling circumstances, false signs shall be put up after approval by the permitting agency;
2. At night, signs pursuant to the provision of subparagraph 1 shall be put up; and there shall be reflectors and luminous red lamps discernible clearly at a distance of not less than 150 meters which shall be installed front and rear within easy view of the vehicle.
(2) In cases where powders falling under the annexed Table 13 are transported, only red lamps shall be installed in the front and rear of the vehicle. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
(3) In cases where powders falling under any of the following subparagraphs are transported, signs under the provisions of paragraph (1) or (2) need not be put up: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. Not more than 10㎏ of powders;
2. Not more than 5㎏ of explosives;
3. Not more than 100 industrial or electric detonating caps;
4. Not more than 10,000 detonating caps for guns;
5. Not more than 1,000 ball cartridges, blank cartridges or microvibration crushers;
6. Not more than 100 power trains.
 Article 52 (Matters to Note for Persons in Charge of Transportation)
(1) A freight forwarder shall designate a person who is licensed to take charge of the powders manufacturing and security or to take charge of the powders control and security under Article 28 (1) of the Act as the person in charge of transportation when the former transports powders and notify the latter of the matters requiring special attention in loading, transporting or other handling, depending on the kinds of powders in advance. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
(2) The person in charge of transportation shall inspect and check the vehicle and loading situations in advance.
(3) The person in charge of transportation shall have a person skillful at driving drive a vehicle transporting powders.
 Article 53 (Powders User Subject to Choose Persons in Charge of Powders Control and Security)
A powders user who is subject to appoint a person in charge of powders control and security under Article 27 (1) of the Act shall be a person who uses not less than 50㎏ of powders or explosives per month or uses them for not less than six months on end. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
 Article 54 (Appointing Criteria for Person in Charge of Powders Manufacturing and Security)
(1) The appointing criteria of persons in charge of powders manufacturing and security under the provisions of Article 27 (4) of the Act shall be as listed in the annexed Table 15.
(2) One person in charge of powders manufacturing and security shall be appointed per each factory (any powders factory which makes not fewer than two kinds of powders, explosives, priming powders, fire-processed articles and fireworks, one person per each type of powders) and another person shall be appointed per every 50 employees in cases where the number of employees exceeds 50. In this case, the qualifications for the additionally appointed person in charge of powders manufacturing and security may be the subordinate license holder of the person appointed pursuant to the annexed Table 15.
 Article 55 (Appointing Criteria for Persons in Charge of Powders Control and Security)
(1) The criteria for persons in charge of powders control and security under the provisions of Article 27 (4) of the Act shall be as the annexed Table 16.
(2) One person in charge of powders control and security shall be appointed for four powders repositories and another one shall be appointed every additional four powders repositories in cases where the repositories exceed four. In this case, the qualification for the additionally appointed person in charge of powders control and security may be the subordinate license holder of the person appointed pursuant to the annexed Table 16.
 Article 56 (Categories and Qualifications of License for Person in Charge of Powders Manufacturing, Control and Security)
(1) The categories of license for persons in charge of powders manufacturing and security under the provisions of Article 28 (3) of the Act shall be classified as first-class, second-class and third-class, and the qualifications eligible for the license shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006>
1. A person who has acquired a first-class powders manufacturing engineer qualification under the National Technical Qualifications Act for the license for a person in charge of first-class powders manufacturing and security;
2. A person who has acquired a powders manufacturing industry engineer qualification under the National Technical Qualifications Act for the license for a person in charge of second-class powders manufacturing and security; and
3. A person who has acquired the second-class powders manufacturing technician qualification under the National Technical Qualifications Act for the license for a person in charge of third-class powders manufacturing and security.
(2) The categories of license for persons in charge of powders control and security shall be classified as first-class, second-class and third-class, and the qualifications eligible for the license shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006>
1. A person who has acquired a powders control technical engineer or first-class powders control engineer qualification under the National Technical Qualifications Act for a license for a person in charge of a first-class powders control and security;
2. A person who has acquired a powders control industry engineer qualification under the National Technical Qualifications Act for a license for a person in charge of a second-class powders control and security; and
3. A person who has acquired a third-class powders handling engineer qualification under the National Technical Qualifications Act for a license for a person in charge of a third-class powders control and security.
 Article 57 (Supervision by Persons in Charge of Powders Manufacturing and Security)
A person in charge of powders manufacturing and security shall carry out the supervisory function of the following subparagraphs on powders-making under the provisions of Article 31 (1) of the Act:
1. To ensure that the location, structure, equipment of manufacturing facilities or the kinds and manufacturing methods, and so on of powders manufactured shall not be changed without permission under the provisions of Article 4 (1) of the Act;
2. To ensure that the manufacturing facilities and methods shall meet the standards under Articles 8 and 9 and they shall be maintained properly;
3. To ensure that the preparation of regulations for the prevention of danger and injury and the observing situations shall be guided and supervised under the provision of Article 38 of the Act;
4. To ensure that the safety education shall be planned and its practicing situations shall be guided and supervised under the provisions of Article 39 of the Act;
5. To ensure that the regular safety checkup shall be planned and its practicing situations shall be guided and supervised under the provisions of Article 40 of the Act;
6. To check and supervise entries in books and reported contents; and
7. To guide and supervise so that the provisions of Articles 24, 33, 36 and 37 of the Act shall be followed.
 Article 58 (Supervision by Person in Charge of Powders Control and Security)
(1) A person in charge of powders control and security shall carry out the supervisory business of the following subparagraphs on powders control under Article 31 (1) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. To ensure that the location, structure, equipment of repositories are not changed without permission under Article 25 (1) of the Act;
2. To ensure that the handling of storing powders, or the location, structure and equipment of repositories meet the standards under Articles 29 through 44 and they shall be maintained properly;
3. To direct emergency measures in cases where repositories are in danger because of nearby fire or other circumstances or there is anything wrong with the safety of powders;
4. To guide and supervise that the provisions of Articles 16 through 24, and 45 on handling powders and quantity of storage shall be obeyed properly;
5. To ensure that subparagraphs 3 through 7 of Article 57 apply mutatis mutandis with respect to the supervisory function on powders control.
(2) Deleted. <by Presidential Decree No. 20557, Jan. 22, 2008>
(3) No one shall obstruct supervision by a person in charge of powders manufacturing security or a person in charge of powders control and security under Article 57 and paragraph (1).
 Article 59 (Stability Test)
(1) The powders which a powders manufacturer or possessor, under Article 32 (1) of the Act, subjects to the stability test shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
1. Powders or explosives containing esther nitrate or its ingredients where more than one year has elapsed since the date of production, or where the date of production is uncertain;
2. Explosives not containing esther nitrate where more than three years have elapsed since the date of production, or where the date of production is uncertain;
3. Fire-processed articles for which three years elapse from the date on which they are manufactured and other fire-processed articles whose date of manufacture is unclear.
(2) The methods of stability test for explosives under paragraph (1) shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Free acid test or heat resistance test for those materials for which more than one year has elapsed since the date of production for powders and explosives under paragraph (1) 1;
2. Heat resistance test for those material for which more than two years have elapsed since the date of production, and those materials whose date of production is uncertain at the time of possessing, at that time, and every three months from that time for powders and explosives of paragraph (1) 1;
3. Free acid test for those materials for which more than three years have elapsed since the date of production and those whose date of production is uncertain at the time of possessing at that time and every year from that time for explosives of paragraph (1)2. In such cases, blue litmus papers which turn red completely within four hours shall be put to a heating test;
4. Metal test, ignition and electric current test, internal medula test, friction test, internal electric test, loading and firing test, ignition device operating test, combustion test, ignition and combustion test and use test, etc. that are all conducted in accordance with test standards and methods by kind including detonators, ball or blank cartridges, signal-use fire-processed articles, firecrackers and toy firecrackers, etc., as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety for blasting agents referred to in paragraph (1) 3.
(3) A person who has imported powders shall promptly conduct a stability test on the powders pursuant to the following classification: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004’ Presidential Decree No. 24789, Oct. 10, 2013>
1. Free acid test or heat resistance test for powders or explosives containing esther nitrate or its ingredients;
2. Free acid test or heating test for powders not containing esther nitrate;
3. The test referred to in paragraph (2) 4 for fire-processed articles.
(4) The stability test under paragraphs (2) and (3) shall be conducted on the sample powders extracted pursuant to the following methods: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006>
1. Powders or explosives, for which the factory, date of production, and kinds are the same, and for which two years since the date of production have not yet elapsed, shall be extracted from at least one box per 25 boxes;
2. Powders or explosives, for which the factory, date of production and kinds are the same and for which two years since the date of production have elapsed, shall be extracted from at least one box per ten boxes;
3. Powders and explosives, other than those referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 2 shall be picked out of each of their boxes;
4. Fire-processed articles shall be picked according to the special inspection levels S-2 (S-3 in the case of industrial-use detonators or electric detonators) specified in the attached Table 1 of KS A ISO 2859-1 of the Korean Industrial Standards set pursuant to the Industrial Standardization Act.
(5) A heat resistance test shall be conducted for powders or explosives containing esther nitrate (excluding those containing ammonium nitrate) when blue litmus papers for free acid test encased into a container with chemical pills or chemical packs turn completely red upon replacement of the litmus papers, with the lapse of every three months on the process.
 Article 60 (Free Acid Test)
(1) The free acid test under the provisions of Article 59 shall be subject to the following methods:
1. To take off the wrapper of powders to be tested, place samples to fill three-fifths of the cubic volume into a free acid tester, and then put a stopper after hanging blue litmus papers above the samples; and 2. To seal up the samples and then measure the time in which blue litmus papers turn completely red as free acid test time.
(2) The powders falling under any of the following subparagraphs as a result of the measurement under the provisions of paragraph (1) 2 shall be regarded as stable:
1. Those whose free acid test time is not less than six hours for powders containing esther nitrate or its ingredients;
2. Those whose free acid test time is not less than four hours for explosives.
 Article 61 (Heat Resistance Test)
(1) The heat resistance test under Article 59 shall be subject to any of the following methods: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
1. Samples to be put into a test tube shall be as follows:
(a) 3 to 3.5g nitroglycerine or nitroglycol for siliceous dynamites;
(b) 3.5g for glutinous dynamites (to subdivide them as large as grains of rice on the plate glass, put them into a mortar, add 7g tablet talcum powder and mix them slowly and lightly by a wooden pestle);
(c) 3.5g in its entirety for those dry and dried for about five hours in 45 degrees celsius for those saturated with water for dynamites other than under items (a) and (b);
(d) Quantity equivalent to one-third of the test tube in height in its entirety for powders containing esther nitrate with the size of grains of rice;
(e) Quantity in its entirety for those dry ones and quantity equivalent to one-third of the test tube in height after dried fully by a vacuum drier under normal temperature for those saturated with water in case of nitrocotton or other explosives;
2. To put a sample in a test tube; wet the upper part of potassium iodide starch paper with a mixture of equal proportion of distilled water and glycerine using a glass rod; hang the wet part up on a loop attached to the glass rod; put the wet part in the test tube so that the lower end of the potassium iodide starch paper touches an area slightly above the sample; and then seal the opening of the test tube with a stopper, such as wood, rubber, etc.;
3. To maintain the temperature of a kettle at 65 degrees celsius; insert the test tube as deep as the thermometer; and measure the time as the heat resistance time until the boundary of wet and dry parts of the potassium iodide starch paper changes its color to the one with the same strength as the standard colored paper.
(2) The heat resistance time exceeding eight minutes as a result of the measurement under paragraph (1) 3 shall be regarded as stable.
 Article 62 (Heating Test)
(1) The heating test under the provisions of Article 59 shall be subject to the following methods:
1. To dry samples saturated with moisture in the normal temperature by a vacuum drier;
2. To put about 10g of dry samples in a cooling bottle, keep them in a tester for 48 hours at 75 degrees celsius and measure the decreasing quantity.
(2) The decreasing quantity which is not more than one-hundredth as a result of the measurement under the provisions of paragraph (1) 2 shall be regarded as stable.
 Article 63 (Testers, etc.)
Any of the following testers, etc. used for a stability test under Article 32 of the Act shall be used as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008; Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Free acid tester;
2. Heat resistance tester;
3. Heating tester;
4. Blue litmus paper;
5. Potassium iodide starch paper;
6. Tablet talcum powder;
7. Standard colored paper.
 Article 64 (Report on Stability Test)
A report on the result of stability test under Article 32 (2) of the Act shall include the following information: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24789, Oct. 10, 2013>
1. Kinds, quantity and date of production of powders tested;
2. Date of test;
3. Methods and result of test;
4. Import permit number (applicable only to imported explosives).
 Article 65 (Emergency Measures)
Emergency measures under the provisions of Article 36 of the Act shall be subject to subparagraphs 1 through 3 for powders repositories, and subparagraph 4 for powders:
1. In cases where there is time to transfer stored powders to a safe region, they shall be transferred and a watchman shall be placed;
2. In cases where the passageway is dangerous or there is no time to transfer, safe measures such as submerging powders shall be taken;
3. In cases where they are not subject to subparagraphs 1 and 2, the entrance and windows, etc. of powders repositories shall be fast sealed up with earth bags, etc. fireproof measures against the wooden sections shall be taken, and a warning shall be given to nearby residents to relocate if necessary;
4. Powders which have absorbed moisture, or have lost the original efficiency or original form due to deterioration, misfire, semi-explosion, etc., or powders which are deemed to have anything noticeably wrong with the stability shall be discarded.
 Article 66 (Regular Self-Safety Checks)
Regular checks under the provisions of Article 40 (2) of the Act shall be conducted not fewer than twice per year.
 Article 67 (Facilities Subject to Regular Safety Inspection)
Facilities which a manufacturer, sales agent or powders repository installer of guns, swords, powders, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalests shall be subject to regular safety inspection under the provisions of Article 41 of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
1. Power rooms and preparatory rooms attached to a dangerous factory laboratory among manufacturing facilities of factories of guns, swords, powders, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalests other than fireworks factories, nitrating rooms and refining rooms of nitrocellulose and discarded acid treatment units;
2. Dangerous laboratory factories, storage depot for ingredients-use powders and discarded powders treatment units among manufacturing facilities of fireworks factories; and
3. First-class, second-class or higher class repositories among powders repositories.
 Article 68 (Criteria of Regular Safety Inspection)
The criteria for regular safety inspections under the provisions of Article 41 shall be as follows:
1. To conduct immediately before a high demand season for manufacturing facilities or repositories of guns and powders which have a high-demand season;
2. To inspect if the location, structure and equipment of manufacturing or storage facilities meet the technical criteria of Articles 8 and 29 through 44;
3. To inspect if lightning devices, alarm bells and fire fighting facilities, etc. work smoothly.
 Article 68-2 (Guns, Injectors, Electronic Percussion Locks and Arbalests Subject to Inspection)
Guns, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalests which are subject to inspection by the Administrator of the National Police Administration under the provision of Article 42 (1) of the Act shall be pistols under item (a), rifles under item (b), shotguns under item (d), firing guns under item (e), anesthetizing guns under item (g), and gas guns under item (k) of Article 3 (1) 1 injectors under the provisions of Article 6-2, electronic percussion locks under the provisions of Article 6-3 and arbalests under the provisions of Article 6-4.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996]
CHAPTER V SUPERVISION
 Article 69 (Sale, etc. of Guns, Swords, Powders, Injectors, Electronic Percussion Locks and Arbalests)
(1) The sale of guns, swords, powders, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalests under the provisions of Article 46 (6) of the Act shall be conducted by competitive bids: Provided, That where the expenses involving a competitive bid exceed the bid price or the competitive bid is deemed not suitable, contract adlibitum is available. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
(2) In cases where the proceeds of sales of guns, swords, powders, injectors, electronic percussion locks, and arbalests under the provisions of Article 46 (7) of the Act are returned to the rightful person, a proceeds specification, on the receipt of a written provisional holding and a proceeds receipt of guns, swords, powders, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalests, shall be delivered. <Amended Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
(3) The proceeds from the sale of guns, swords, powders injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalests in paragraph (2), where the request for return is not made by the rightful person after the expiration of six months after the completion of the proceeding period under the provisions of Article 46 (6) of the Act, shall be paid to a revenue collector pursuant to the Budget and Accounts Act. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006>
 Article 70 (Notification of Personal Information to Ascertain Grounds for Disqualification)
(1) "The head of an agency prescribed by Presidential Decree" under Article 46-2 (1) of the Act means any of the following persons: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27616, Nov. 29, 2016>
1. The Minister of Health and Welfare;
2. The Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration;
3. The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, Do Governor, Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si, Gu, or Gu (referring to the head of an autonomous Gu);
4. The Chief of Staff of the ROK Army, the Chief of Staff of the ROK Navy, Chief of Staff of the ROK Air Force, and the Commander of the ROK Marine Corps;
5. The head of a facility for custody and treatment under Article 16-2 of the Act on Medical Treatment and Custody, Etc.
(2) Pursuant to Article 46-2 (1) of the Act, the persons falling under subparagraph of paragraph (1) shall notify the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency of the personal information under attached Table 16-2 at least once every quarter, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015]
 Article 70-2 (Guns Subject to Custody)
(1) Guns that can be kept in custody of the permitting agency as prescribed by Article 47 (2) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as "guns, etc.") are those which fall under any of the following subparagraphs:
1. Guns and gun parts prescribed by Article 3;
2. Swords prescribed by Article 4;
3. Powders prescribed by Article 2 (3) of the Act;
4. Injectors prescribed by Article 6-2;
5. Electronic percussion locks prescribed by Article 6-3;
6. Arbalests prescribed by Article 6-4.
(2) The carriers of guns that receive a custody order shall put them in custody by the set time and at the set location, and the permitting agency shall draw up and deliver a certificate proving custody.
(3) Persons desiring the return of guns in custody shall submit reasons for the return request, materials substantiating this request and the certificate proving custody to the permitting agency as prescribed in paragraph (2).
(4) Except for such terms such as the hunting term, where separate Acts and subordinate statutes allow the use of guns, the custody term of guns shall be as prescribed by paragraph (2).
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 15342, Apr. 12, 1997]
 Article 71 (Report of manufacturing, Sale and Use)
A manufacturer and a sales agent of guns, swords, powders, electronic percussion locks and arbalests, and a powders user shall report the circumstances of the monthly manufacture, sale and use to the permitting agency via the head of competent police station by until the 7th day of the next month. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
CHAPTER VI GUNS AND POWDERS SAFETY TECHNIQUES ASSOCIATION
 Article 72 (Matters Required for Registration of Incorporation)
Matters required for registration of incorporation for the Guns and Powders Safety Techniques Association (hereinafter referred to as the "Association") under the provisions of Article 48 (3) of the Act shall be as follows;
1. Purposes;
2. Name;
3. Site of head office;
4. Names and address of officers;
5. Matters relating to assets; and
6. Matters relating to public notices.
 Article 73 (Establishment of Branch Office Registration)
(1) In cases where the Association establishes branches or affiliated associations (hereinafter referred to as "branches"), they shall be registered pursuant to the following subparagraphs:
1. At the seat of the Association, the name and seat of a newly established branch shall be registered within 14 days: Provided, That if the branch is established along with the establishment of the Association, it shall be registered with the registration of the Association's incorporation;
2. At the seat of a newly established branch, matters falling under any of the subparagraphs of Article 72 shall be registered within 21 days;
3. At the seat of the already established branch, the name and seat of newly established branch office shall be registered within 21 days.
(2) In cases where a branch is established newly within the jurisdiction of a registry which has jurisdiction over the seat of the Association or the branch, only the name and seat of the branch shall be registered within the period falling under any of the subparagraphs of paragraph (1).
 Article 74 (Transfer Registration)
(1) In cases where the Association or a branch transfer the office, the purport of the transfers shall be registered within 14 days at the former seat and matters falling under any of the subparagraphs of Article 72 shall be registered within 21 days at the new seat.
(2) In cases where the office is transferred within the jurisdiction of the same registry, only the purport of the transfer shall be registered within 14 days.
 Article 75 (Modification Registration)
In cases where matters falling under any of the subparagraphs of Article 72 are modified, modifications shall be registered within 14 days at the seat of the Association and within 21 days at the seat of the branch, respectively.
 Article 76 (Attached Papers to Application for Registration)
In cases where an application for registration under the provisions of Articles 72 through 75 is filed, papers pursuant to the classification of any of the following subparagraphs shall be attached to the application for registration:
1. Articles of association, matters relating to assets, and papers certifying the qualifications of officers for registration of incorporation under the provisions of Article 72;
2. Papers certifying the establishment of branches for registration for the establishment of branches under the provisions of Article 73;
3. Papers certifying the transfer of offices for transfer registration under the provisions of Article 74;
4. Papers certifying modified matters for modification registration under the provisions of Article 75.
 Article 77 (Reckoning of Time-frame for Registration)
In cases where there exists matters to be registered under the provision of this Chapter, and subject to authorization or approval by the Administrator of the National Police Administration, the period of registration shall reckon from the date of receipt of such authorization or approval. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991>
 Article 78 (Membership Fees)
(1) Pursuant to the articles of association, the Association shall collect membership fees under Article 58 (1) 3 of the Act within the limit prescribed hereunder; <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
1. An amount specified as follows:
(a) For a manufacturer of guns, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows: 200,000 won per year;
(b) For a dealer and renter of guns, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows, who operates a business in the Special Metropolitan City or Metropolitan City (excluding a Gun in a Metropolitan City): 100,000 won per year;
(c) For a dealer and renter of guns, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows, who operates a business in the seat of a provincial government: 70,000 won per year;
(d) For a dealer and renter of guns, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows, who runs a business in a Si or Gun: 50,000 won per year;
2. 7,500 won per year for powder-charged guns and 3,000 won per year for air guns for persons who are permitted to possess guns;
3. An amount equivalent to 1/100 of the import cost for persons who have obtained permission to import guns, powders, injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalests;
4. An amount equivalent to 0.75/1000 of the previous year's sales every year for powder makers and sale agents;
5. An amount equivalent to 5 won per 1kg of usage for powders users;
6. 10,000 won per year for persons holding a first-class license for a person in charge of powders manufacturing, control and security and 5,000 won for persons holding second-class and third-class licenses.
(2) Powders users requiring the support from the Government can be exempt from all or part of the membership fees upon resolution of the board of directors.
 Article 79 (Collection of Membership Fees)
(1) Fees shall be collected once per year: Provided, That the fees equivalent to the period of the next renewal period, shall be collected at the time of permission or its renewal under the provisions of Article 12 or 16 of the Act for a person who has obtained permission to possess guns, and at the time of permission or its renewal under the provision of Article 28 of the Act for a person who has obtained a license for a person in charge of powders manufacturing and security, respectively. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987>
(2) In cases where the Association wishes to collect fees, it shall issue a payment notification indicating the amount of fees, time limit and place of payment to the person under obligation to pay.
(3) In cases where the person under obligation to pay fees fails to pay within the time limit of payment under the provision of paragraph (2), a reminder relating a period of no more than 20 days shall be issued.
 Article 80 (Commission Collection of Membership Fees)
(1) The Association may, under operationally compelling circumstances, commission to collect fees, with the approval of the Administrator of the National Police Administration, under the conditions as determined by the articles of association. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991>
(2) In case the Association commissions to collect fees under the provision of paragraph (1), it shall pay a commission within the limit of 5/100 of the collected amount under the conditions as determined by the Articles of association.
CHAPTER VII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 81 (Keeping, etc. of Books)
(1) The following books shall be kept by a manufacturer and dealer of guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows; a renter of guns, swords, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows; an installer of explosives storage facility; or an explosives user or a gun possessor, pursuant to Article 63 of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
1. For a manufacturer, a statement detailing the manufacture of guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows, and the warehousing and shipping of raw materials of explosives;
2. For a dealer, a statement detailing the transfer and takeover of guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows;
3. For a renter, a statement detailing the rental of guns, swords, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows;
4. For an installer of an explosives storage facility and an explosives user, a statement detailing the warehousing and shipping of explosives;
5. For a gun remodeler and repairer, a statement detailing the remodeling or repairing of guns;
6. For a gun possessor, a book specifying the transfer, takeover, and use of ammunition.
(2) The books under paragraph (1) shall be, respectively, kept for two years from the completion of entries therein: Provided, That the book under paragraph (1) 6 shall be kept for one year from the date a gun possessor begins to keep a gun. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987; Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999; Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
 Article 82 (Submission of Documents via Chiefs of Police Stations)
A report or an application to be filed with the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency or the commissioner of a local police agency under the Act or this Decree shall be submitted through the chief of a competent police station: Provided, That where a manufacturer or dealer of guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows or a renter of guns, swords, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows intends to export or import guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows, he/she may submit a report or an application directly to the permitting agency. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
 Article 83 (Delegation of Authority)
(1) The Administrator of the National Police Administration under Article 68 of the Act shall delegate any of the following authority to the superintendent of the local police agency: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991; Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996; Presidential Decree No. 17185, Mar. 31, 2001>
1. Authority relating to the permission of the manufacturing industry (including remodeling and repairing industry) of shotguns, firing guns, fishing guns, anesthetizing guns, butcher guns, industrial guns, rescue and life saving guns, gas dischargers, their parts and manufacturing industry (including transforming and processing industry) of fire-processed articles under Article 4 (1) of the Act;
2. Authority relating to the export and import of guns (except pistols, rifles and machine guns), their parts and fire-processed articles under Article 9 (1) of the Act;
3. Authority relating to the acceptance of reports on appointment and dismissal of the person in charge of security for powder making or a person in charge of security for powder control under Article 27 (2) of the Act;
4. Authority relating to the inspection of guns (except pistols and rifles), injectors, electronic percussion locks and arbalests under Article 42 (1) of the Act.
(2) The authority of the director of the local police agency relating to the report and receipt of any change in address among entries of the permit, etc. under Article 65 of the Act pursuant to Article 68 of the Act shall be delegated to the superintendent of the police station. In such cases, the superintendent of the police station, upon receipt of any such change in address, shall report it to the director of the local police agency. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990; Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991>
(3) The authority of the Administrator of the National Police Administration to impose and collect an administrative fine shall be delegated to the director of the local police agency under Article 74 of the Act pursuant to Article 68 of the Act. In such cases, the director of the local police agency shall report the progress of the imposition and collection to the Administrator of the National Police Administration. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
 Article 83-2 (Handling of Sensitive Information and Personally Identifiable Information)
In extenuating circumstances to perform the following duties, the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency, commissioners of local police agencies, or chiefs of police stations (including those persons authorized pursuant to Article 83) may handle information on health under Article 23 of the Personal Information Protection Act, information on criminal records under subparagraph 2 of Article 18 of the Enforcement Decree of the same Act, or data containing resident identification numbers, driver's license numbers, or foreigner registration numbers under Article 19 of the same Enforcement Decree:
1. Duties concerning permission for or report on the operation of a business or the installation of explosives storage facilities, succession to status, administrative disposition, etc. under the Act and this Decree;
2. Duties concerning possession and use of and education on guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, and crossbows under the Act and this Decree;
3. Duties concerning management and examination of guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, and crossbows under the Act and this Decree;
4. Duties concerning supervision under the Act and this Decree;
5. Duties concerning education under Article 22 of the Act;
6. Duties concerning inspection on completion under Article 43 of the Act;
7. Duties concerning measures for public safety, etc. under Article 47 of the Act;
8. Duties concerning supervision of the Association under Article 61 of the Act;
9. Duties necessary for the implementation of the duties under subparagraphs 5 through 8.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23488, Jan. 6, 2012]
 Article 83-3 (Re-examination of Regulations)
The Commissioner General of the National Police Agency shall examine the appropriateness of the following matters every three years (referring to the period until the day before the day the same as the base date of the every third year) counting from the following base date, and take improvement measures:
1. Report on the state of manufacture, sale, or use under Article 71 made by manufacturers and dealers of guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows or by explosives users: January 1, 2017;
2. Books, etc. under Article 81 to be kept by manufacturers or dealers of guns, swords, explosives, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows; by renters of guns, swords, incapacitant sprays, electroshock weapons, or crossbows; by installers of explosives storage facilities; or by explosives users: January 1, 2017.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27751, Dec. 30, 2016]
 Article 84 (Criteria for Imposition, etc. of Administrative Fines)
(1) The criteria for imposition of an administrative fine pursuant to Article 74 (1) of the Act shall be as be prescribed in attached Table 17.
(2) The Commissioner of the National Police Agency, the director of the local police agency, or the chief of the police station may reduce or add the amount of the fine by up to 50/100 of the amount under attached Table 17, in consideration of each subparagraph of Article 14 of the Act on the Regulation of Violations of Public Order: Provided, That where the amount is added, such increase shall not exceed the maximum amount of administrative fines pursuant to Article 74 (1) of the Act.
(3) A person subject to an administrative fine shall pay the fine within 60 days from the receipt of the notice for the imposition of an administrative fine: Provided, That where natural disasters or other extenuating circumstances make it impossible to pay the fine, the person shall pay the fine within five days from the date such ground ceases to exist.
(4) Matters necessary for the procedures for imposition and collection of administrative fines, in addition to the matters prescribed in paragraphs (1) through (3), shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 21127, Nov. 26, 2008]
ADDENDA
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on February. 5, 1985.
(2) (Transitional Measures Relating to Permitting Criteria for Guns and Swords Sales Business) A person who has obtained permission on guns and swords sales business under the previous provisions prior to the entry into force of this Decree shall be equipped with facilities under this Decree within one year from the date of entry into force of this Decree.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12276, Nov. 10, 1987>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Gun or Sword Manufacturing Facility Criteria and Criteria for Permission to Operate Sales Business) A person who has obtained permission to manufacture guns or swords or to operate a sales business pursuant to previous provisions before this Decree enters into force shall prepare the facilities under this Decree within one year from the date this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 12962, Mar. 31, 1990>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Applicability to Possession of Imitation Guns) A person who possesses imitation guns falling under Article 13 and the annexed sheet 5-2 at the time of entry into force of this Decree may possess them until May 31, 1990, except in case of those falling under the previous provisions of Article 13.
(3) (Transitional Measures Relating to Criteria for manufacturing Facilities of Shot (Lead) Bullets and Swords-manufacturing Industry) A person who has obtained permission on shot (lead) bullets and swords manufacturing industry under the previous provisions at the time of entry into force of this Decree shall be equipped with facilities under this Decree until February. 28, 1991.
(4) (Transitional Measures Relating to Permitting Criteria for Guns and Swords Sales Business) A person who has obtained permission on guns and swords sales business under the previous provisions at the time of entry into force of this Decree shall be equipped with facilities under this Decree until May 31, 1990.
(5) (Transitional Measures Relating to Manufacturing and Sales of Mufflers and Telescopic Sights) A person who has been manufacturing and selling mufflers and telescopic sights at the time of entry into force of this Decree shall have the permission from the Minister of Home Affairs for manufacturing and from the head of mayor and Do governors for selling until May 31, 1990.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 13435, Jul. 30, 1991>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July. 31, 1991.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 13870, Mar. 6, 1993>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 15029, Jun. 20, 1996>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures Relating to Permission of Arbalests Manufacturing and Sales) A person who has been manufacturing and selling arbalests at the time of entry into force of this Decree shall be equipped with facilities under this Decree and have obtained permission from the director of the pertinent local police agency until August 31, 1996.
(3) (Transitional Measures Relating to Permission of Gas Dischargers Manufacturing and Sales) A person who has obtained permission on gas dischargers manufacturing or sales business from the Administrator of the National Police Administration at the time of entry into force of this Decree shall be deemed to have obtained the permission on manufacturing and sales under this Decree.
(4) (Transitional Measures Relating to Second-Class Powders Repositories) The criteria for location, structure and equipment of second-class powders repositories which have been permitted to be installed at the time of entry into force of this Decree shall be subject to the previous provisions.
(5) (Transitional Measures Relating to Criteria for Earth Mounds of Powders Repositories) The criteria for earth mounds of powders repositories which have been permitted to be installed at the time of entry into force of this Decree shall be subject to the previous provisions until June 30, 1996.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 15342, Apr. 12, 1997>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures of Changes in Criteria for Imitation Guns) The criteria for imitation guns manufactured or imported before the entry into force of this Decree shall be applied to the previous provision.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 15598, Dec. 31, 1997>
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 1998.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 16437, Jun. 30, 1999>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 17185, Mar. 31, 2001>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 18237, Jan. 20, 2004>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Decree shall enter into force on January 30, 2004.
(2) (Applicability to Stability Test of Fire-processed Articles) The amended provisions of Article 59 (1) 3 and (2) 4 shall begin to apply to the first fire-processed articles manufactured and owned after the enforcement of this Decree and the amended provisions of paragraph (3) 3 of the same Article shall begin to apply to the first fire-processed articles imported after the enforcement of this Decree.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 19381, Mar. 10, 2006>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 19563, Jun. 29, 2006>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 1, 2006.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 20557, Jan. 22, 2008>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20692, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 21127, Nov. 26, 2008>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 21214, Dec. 31, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23488, Jan. 6, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23570, Jan. 31, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on February 5, 2012. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24419, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24789, Oct. 10, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Stability Test for Imported Explosives)
A person who imported explosives pursuant to previous Article 59 (3) before this Decree enters into force and have not performed a stability test for the imported explosives shall conduct a stability test within 30 days from the date this Decree enters into force, notwithstanding the amendment to Article 59 (3).
Article 3 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 25050, Dec. 30, 2013>
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2014. (Proviso Omitted.)
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25456, Jul. 14, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 15, 2014.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25836, Dec. 9, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2015.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 26518, Sep. 11, 2015>
This Decree shall enter into force on September 12, 2015.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26611, Oct. 30, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on November 2, 2015.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Gun Receipts, etc.)
(1) A receipt issued by a permitting agency to a gun possessor who kept his/her gun in the custody of a permitting agency as determined by the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency before this Decree enters into force shall be deemed a receipt issued pursuant to the amendment to Article 14-3 (1).
(2) Where a gun possessor filed an application for release from custody as determined by the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency before this Decree enters into force, he/she shall be deemed to have filed an application for release from custody pursuant to the amendment to Article 14-3 (3).
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Ammunition That Can Be Kept in Places Outside of Explosives Storage Facilities)
A person who keeps ammunition in excess of the quantity that can be kept in a place outside of an explosives storage facility pursuant to the amended provision of attached Table 6 as at the time this Decree enters into force shall keep the excess ammunition in an explosives storage facility under Articles 24 and 25 or in a place designated by the permitting agency pursuant to the amendment to Article 14-3 (1) within four months from the date this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26858, Jan. 6, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 7, 2016.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27299, Jun. 30, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 1, 2016. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 15 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27616, Nov. 29, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on December 2, 2016.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27751, Dec. 30, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2017. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28215, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.