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SMALL RIVER MAINTENANCE ACT

Act No. 4873, Jan. 5, 1995

Amended by Act No. 5453, Dec. 13, 1997

Act No. 6000, Aug. 31, 1999

Act No. 6563, Dec. 31, 2001

Act No. 6656, Feb. 4, 2002

Act No. 6841, Dec. 30, 2002

Act No. 7058, Dec. 31, 2003

Act No. 7186, Mar. 11, 2004

Act No. 7678, Aug. 4, 2005

Act No. 7905, Mar. 24, 2006

Act No. 8014, Sep. 27, 2006

Act No. 8370, Apr. 11, 2007

Act No. 8352, Apr. 11, 2007

Act No. 8351, Apr. 11, 2007

Act No. 8819, Dec. 27, 2007

Act No. 8820, Dec. 27, 2007

Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008

Act No. 9200, Dec. 26, 2008

Act No. 9313, Dec. 31, 2008

Act No. 9758, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010

Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010

Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010

Act No. 10752, May 30, 2011

Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014

Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014

Act No. 13063, Jan. 20, 2015

Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the prevention of disasters and improvement of the living environment by providing for matters necessary for the maintenance, utilization, management, and conservation of small rivers.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The definitions of terms used in this Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. The term “small river” means a river, the name and the course of which is designated and publicly notified pursuant to Article 3, to which the River Act neither applies nor applies mutatis mutandis;
2. The term “small river area” means any area designated and publicly notified pursuant to Article 3-3;
3. The term “small river facility” means any of the following facilities installed to utilize and manage small rivers:
(a) A facility to stabilize waterways, such as embankments or bank protections;
(b) A facility to prevent flooding by a small river, such as dammed pool for irrigation; floodgates; drainage pump stations (limited to those which need to be managed together with the small river because the floodgates, etc. of drainage pump stations are installed on embankments); reservoirs; or detention basins;
(c) Other facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree;
4. The term “maintenance of a small river, etc.” means any work for building, rebuilding, dredging or repairing in any of the following areas or facilities:
(a) A small river;
(b) A small river area;
(c) A small river facility;
(d) An area designated and publicly notified pursuant to Article 4 as a planned small river area (hereinafter referred to as "planned small river area").
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 3 (Designation of Small Rivers and Managing Authorities)
(1) A Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (referring to the head of an autonomous Gu; hereinafter the same shall apply) shall designate small rivers (including small river facilities; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article), or change or revoke such designation. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu intends to designate a small river, or change or revoke such designation pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall consult with the related Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor or Do Governor (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor"), and submit the results of the consultation for deliberation by the competent local small river management committee or the competent regional small river management committee provided for in Article 26 (1). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(3) Where a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu intends to designate a trans-boundary small river, or change or revoke such designation pursuant to Article 3-2 (1), he/she shall consult not only with the related Mayor/Do Governor pursuant to paragraph (2), but also with the related Special Self-Governing City Mayor, the related Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of the related Si/Gun/Gu. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(4) Where a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu intends to designate a small river, or change or revoke such designation pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (3), he/she shall publicly notify the name and course of the small river, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety and make relevant documents available to the general public. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) Where a Mayor/Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor or, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor designates a small river designated and publicly notified pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (4) as a local river pursuant to Article 7 of the River Act, the designation of such small river shall become void. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(6) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act or other Acts, the Special Self-Governing City Mayor, the Special Self-Governing Province Governor, the head of the Si/Gun/Gu (hereinafter referred to as "managing authority") who designated a small river shall take charge of the maintenance, conservation and management of the small river. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 3-2 (Management of Trans-Boundary Small Rivers)
(1) The related managing authorities shall separately determine the method of managing a small river, small river area, small river facility or planned small river area (hereinafter referred to as "small river, etc.") located on the borders of Special Self-Governing Cities, Special Self-Governing Provinces, or Sis/Guns/Gus (hereinafter referred to as "trans-boundary small river") in consultation with one another. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where the related managing authorities fail to reach agreement under paragraph (1), the related Mayor/Do Governor may determine the management method and notify the related managing authorities of such method. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(3) Where the related managing authorities have reached agreement pursuant to paragraph (1), they shall publicly notify the agreed matters; and where they have been notified by the related Mayor/Do Governor pursuant to paragraph (2), they shall publicly notify the notified matters. The same shall also apply where they revise such matters.
(4) The related managing authorities shall notify the relevant Mayor/Do Governor of the matters publicly notified under paragraph (3).
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 3-3 (Determination of Small River Areas)
(1) Where a managing authority publicly notifies the designation of a small river (including small river facilities), or the change or revocation of such designation pursuant to Article 3 (4), it shall determine any of the following areas as a small river area, or change or revoke such determination:
1. The area of land which retains the shape and functions of a small river;
2. The area of land where small river facilities are installed;
3. Where an embankment exists, the area of land on the side where water flows from the embankment.
(2) Where a managing authority intends to determine a small river area, or change or revoke such determination pursuant to paragraph (1), it shall consult with any other related managing authority, and submit the results of the consultation for deliberation by the related local small river management committee or the related regional small river management committee provided for in Article 26 (1).
(3) Where a managing authority intends to determine a small river area, or change or revoke such determination pursuant to paragraph (1), it shall publicly notify the details of the determination, change or revocation, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety; and make relevant documents available to the general public. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Where a managing authority publicly notifies the determination of a small river area or the change or revocation of such determination pursuant to paragraph (3), it shall also publicly notify the topographic map of the small river area, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 4 (Public Notice of Planned Small River Areas)
(1) Where land is to be newly included in a small river area in accordance with plans for maintaining small rivers, etc. provided for in Articles 6 through 8, or with plans for various construction works provided for in other Acts, a managing authority may designate such land as a planned small river area. <Amended by Act No. 13063, Jan. 20, 2015; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where land designated as a planned small river area pursuant to paragraph (1) is revised or excluded from a planned small river area in accordance with a plan for maintaining a small river, etc. provided for in Articles 6 through 8 or with a plan for various construction works provided for in any other Act, a managing authority may change or revoke the designation of the planned small river area. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(3) The provisions of Article 3-3 (2) through (4) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the consultation about, or public notice of, the designation of a planned small river area or the change or revocation of such designation. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(4) Where a project for a small river fails to commence within three years from the date a planned small river area is designated and publicly notified pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), the designation of the planned small river area shall become void. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(5) Where the maintenance of a small river, etc. is completed in land designated and publicly notified as a planned small river area under paragraphs (1) and (2), a managing authority shall determine and publicly notify such land as a small river area pursuant to Article 3-3. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 4-2 (Succession, etc. to Rights or Obligations)
(1) Any of the following persons shall succeed to rights or obligations arising from permission to maintain a small river, etc. under Article 10 or a permission to occupy and use a small river under Article 14: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. An heir;
2. A transferee;
3. A corporation surviving a merger or corporation incorporated in the course of a merger.
(2) A person who succeeds to rights or obligations pursuant to paragraph (1) shall report the succession to a managing authority, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 4-3 (Standards for Structures, Facilities, and Maintenance of Small Rivers)
(1) Structures, facilities, maintenance, repair, and safety inspections of small rivers shall satisfy the standards prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety (hereafter referred to in this Article as "management standards for small rivers"). <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) When the Minister of the Interior and Safety and Security determines or amends management standards for small rivers referred to in paragraph (1), he/she shall seek the opinions of a Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, Do Governor or Special Self-Governing Province Governor. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) When the Minister of the Interior and Safety and Security intends to determine management standards for small rivers referred to in paragraph (1), he/she shall endeavor to ensure safety, by minimizing damage to ecosystems caused by the maintenance of small rivers, etc., and taking into consideration the structures, water level, stream flow, geography, geology, etc. of small rivers. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 5 (Relationship to other Acts, etc.)
(1) Where an agency intends to create a right or make other dispositions in a small river area pursuant to other Acts, the agency that makes dispositions shall consult with a managing authority beforehand.
(2) Where the State or a local government intends to execute a project accompanying an act that must be permitted by a managing authority pursuant to this Act, it shall consult with the managing authority beforehand.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
CHAPTER II MAINTENANCE OF SMALL RIVERS, ETC.
 Article 6 (Formulation of Comprehensive Plans for Maintaining Small Rivers, etc.)
(1) Each managing authority shall formulate a comprehensive plan for maintaining small rivers, etc. (hereinafter referred to as "comprehensive plan") which will serve as guidelines for the maintenance of small rivers, etc. every ten years, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety, and obtain approval of the comprehensive plan from the Mayor/Do Governor. <Amended by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A comprehensive plan shall include the following: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Basic policies for the maintenance of small rivers, etc.;
2. Formation of a small river network for each water system;
3. Matters concerning disaster prevention, environmental improvement, and water quality conservation;
4. Matters concerning multipurpose use of small rivers, etc. and an increase in the income of residents;
5. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) A managing authority shall examine the propriety of a comprehensive plan every five years from the year the comprehensive plan is formulated and, where necessary, shall revise the comprehensive plan and obtain approval from the Mayor/Do Governor: Provided, That this shall not apply to any revision to the insignificant matters prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012>
(4) Where a managing authority intends to formulate a comprehensive plan, it shall have a prior consultation with the head of the related administrative agency, such as the head of a regional environment agency prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(5) Where the Mayor/Do Governor intends to approve a comprehensive plan (including approval for the alteration thereof), he/she shall examine the relation, etc. of the comprehensive plan with a development plan for the relevant area formulated in accordance with other Acts; and then submit the results of such examination for deliberation by the competent regional small river management committee provided for in Article 26 (1). <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 7 (Formulation of Mid-Term Plans for Maintaining Small Rivers, etc.)
(1) Each managing authority shall formulate a mid-term plan for maintaining small rivers, etc. (hereinafter referred to as “mid-term plan”) every five years in accordance with a comprehensive plan, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A mid-term plan shall include matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as matters concerning the annual maintenance of small rivers, etc. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 8 (Formulation of Action Plans for Maintaining Small Rivers)
(1) Where a managing authority intends to maintain small rivers, etc. according to a mid-term plan, it shall formulate an action plan for maintaining small rivers, etc. (hereinafter referred to as “action plan”): Provided, That this shall not apply to the insignificant maintenance of a small river, etc. prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where a managing authority has formulated an action plan, it shall publicly announce such plan, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Where a managing authority intends to formulate an action plan, it shall have a prior consultation with the head of the related administrative agency, such as the head of a regional environment agency. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(4) Paragraphs (1) and (2) shall apply mutatis mutandis to any revision to an action plan.
(5) Where the maintenance of a small river, etc. is completed in accordance with an action plan, a managing authority shall publicly notify the details of such maintenance, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 9 (Register of Small Rivers)
(1) Where a managing authority has designated a small river pursuant to Article 3, it shall prepare the register of small rivers. The same shall also apply where the managing authority has publicly notified a planned small river area pursuant to Article 4.
(2) Matters necessary for the preparation and management of the register of small rivers shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 10 (Maintenance of Small Rivers, etc. by Person other than Managing Authority)
(1) A person, other than a managing authority (excluding the State or a local government), may maintain small rivers, etc. upon obtaining permission from the managing authority: Provided, That in cases of insignificant maintenance of a small river, etc. prescribed by Presidential Decree, he/she does not need to obtain permission. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where a managing authority intends to grant permission under paragraph (1), it shall examine the following matters:
1. Whether the relevant project interferes with a comprehensive plan, mid-term plan or action plan;
2. Where a person who has obtained permission (hereinafter referred to as "right holder") under Article 14 sustains a loss, whether the right holder has consented to the implementation of the relevant project;
3. Whether the cost and period for maintaining a small river, etc. are reasonable;
4. Whether an artificial structure to be installed in a small river meets related design standards.
(3) Where a managing authority grants permission for the maintenance of a small river, etc. pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall publicly notify the granting of such permission, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(4) Any person who maintains a small river, etc. pursuant to paragraph (1) shall without delay undergo a pre-use inspection by a managing authority after such maintenance is completed. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(5) Where a managing authority completes a pre-use inspection referred to in paragraph (4), it shall publicly notify the completion of such inspection, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(6) Where a managing authority deems it particularly necessary to grant permission under paragraph (1), it may require a person who has applied for permission to deposit all or part of the cost for maintaining a small river, etc.
(7) The scope of works for which the cost need to be deposited pursuant to paragraph (6), the basis of money deposited, the timing of deposit and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 10-2 (Authorization, Permission, etc. Deemed Granted under other Acts)
(1) When a managing authority publicly announce the formulation or revision of an action plan pursuant to Article 8 (2) or (4), or when a person, other than a managing authority, obtains permission for the maintenance of a small river, etc. pursuant to Article 10 (1) and (2), he/she or it shall be deemed to have obtained any of the following permission, authorization, licenses or approval, decision; to have filed a report; or to have undergone consultation, etc. (hereafter referred to in this Article as "authorization, permission, etc.") if the managing authority consults with the head of the related administrative agency pursuant to paragraph (3); or he/she or it shall be deemed to have publicly announced or publicly notified the relevant authorization, permission, etc. if the managing authority publicly announces an action plan pursuant to Article 8 (2) or (4) or publicly notifies the granting of permission for the maintenance of a small river, etc. pursuant to Article 10 (3): <Amended by Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010; Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010; Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Decision on an urban management plan under Article 30 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act; permission to engage in development activities under Article 56 of the said Act; designation of an operator of an urban planning facility project under Article 86 of the said Act; or preparation and approval of an implementation plan under Article 88 of the said Act;
2. Permission for, or consultation on, the conversion of farmland under Article 34 of the Farmland Act, reporting on the conversion of farmland under Article 35 of the said Act, and permission for temporary use of farmland under Article 36 of the said Act;
3. Permission for, reporting on, or consultation on the conversion of grassland under Article 23 of the Grassland Act;
4. Permission to alter the form and quality of land under Article 111 of the Rearrangement of Agricultural and Fishing Villages Act;
5. Permission to convert mountainous districts under Article 14 of the Mountainous Districts Management Act and reporting on the conversion of mountainous districts under Article 15 of the said Act, permission for, or reporting on temporary use of mountainous districts under Article 15-2 of the said Act, and permission for, or reporting on logging of standing trees, etc. under Article 36 (1) and (4) of the Creation and Management of Forest Resources Act;
6. Permission to engage in activities under Article 9 (2) 1 of the Forest Protection Act, or reporting on activities in a forest reserve (excluding a forest gene source reserve) under subparagraph 2 of the said paragraph;
7. Permission for logging, etc. under Article 14 of the Erosion Control Work Act;
8. Authorization for water supply for exclusive use under Article 52 of the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act, and authorization for industrial water supply for exclusive use under Article 54 of the said Act;
9. Permission to execute public sewerage works under Article 16 of the Sewerage Act, and permission to occupy and use public sewerage under Article 24 of the said Act;
10. Permission for the development and use of groundwater under Article 7 of the Groundwater Act;
11. Permission to engage in activities in a park area under Article 23 of the Natural Parks Act;
12. Permission to reinter a grave under Article 27 of the Act on Funeral Services, Etc.;
13. Determination on a road zone under Article 25 of the Road Act, permission for a person, other than a road management authority, to conduct road works under Article 36 of the said Act, permission to occupy and use a road under Article 61 of the aforesaid Act, and consultation with or approval from a road management authority under Article 107 of the aforesaid Act;
14. Permission for the opening of a private road under Article 4 of the Private Road Act;
15. Permission to extract aggregates under Article 22 of the Aggregate Extraction Act;
16. Permission to occupy and use, or use public waters under Article 8 of the Public Waters Management and Reclamation Act, approval of a plan for implementation of occupancy and use or use under Article 17 of the said Act, the formulation of a master plan for reclamation under Article 22 of the said Act, a modification of a master plan for reclamation under Article 27 of the said Act, a license to reclaim land from public waters under Article 28 of the said Act, consultation about or approval for reclamation implemented by the State, etc. under Article 35 of the said Act, and approval of a plan for implementation of reclamation of land from public waters under Article 38 of the said Act;
17. Deleted. <by Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010>
(2) Where a person, other than a managing authority, intends to obtain authorization, permission, etc. deemed to be granted under paragraph (1), he/she shall submit the documents prescribed by relevant Acts when applying for permission for the maintenance of a small river, etc. under Article 10. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(3) Where a managing authority intends to formulate or revise an action plan pursuant to Article 8 or grants permission for the maintenance of a small river, etc. to a person, other than a managing authority, pursuant to Article 10, it shall have a prior consultation with the head of the related administrative agency if any matter referred to in paragraph (1) is included therein. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 10-3 (Completion Inspection Deemed Conducted, Completion Approval Deemed Granted, etc. for Maintained Small River, etc.)
(1) In any of the following cases, a managing authority shall be deemed to have conducted a completion inspection or to have granted completion approval, and to have publicly notified such inspection or approval if it consults with the head of the related administrative agency pursuant to paragraph (3) with regard to the completion inspection, completion approval, etc. which is a substitute for authorization, permission, etc. deemed to be granted under Article 10-2 (1):
1. Where a managing authority publicly notifies the completion of the maintenance of a small river, etc. pursuant to Article 8 (5);
2. Where a managing authority publicly notifies the conducting of a completion inspection pursuant to Article 10 (5).
(2) Where a completion inspection is deemed undergone or completion approval is deemed obtained pursuant to paragraph (1), a person, other than a managing authority, shall submit the documents prescribed by relevant Acts when applying for a completion inspection under Article 10 (4).
(3) Where a managing authority completes the maintenance of a small river, etc. pursuant to Article 8 (5), or conducts a completion inspection pursuant to Article 10 (4), it shall have a prior consultation with the head of the related administrative agency if the maintenance or inspection is involved in a completion inspection or completion approval which is a substitute for authorization, permission, etc. deemed to be granted under Article 10-2 (1).
[This Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 11 (Hearing Opinions of Residents, etc.)
A managing authority shall hear opinions of related experts and residents of the relevant area on matters prescribed by Presidential Decree concerning the designation of a small river (including small river facilities) pursuant to Article 3 and the maintenance, etc. of a small river, etc. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 12 (Expropriation of Land, etc.)
(1) If necessary for maintaining a small river, etc. according to an action plan, a managing authority may expropriate or use the title of land, buildings, or fixtures on such land in an area where such action plan is implemented, or rights other than title of such land, buildings, or fixtures. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where an action plan is publicly announced pursuant to Article 8 (2), approval and a public notice of a project under Articles 20 (1) and 22 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall be deemed granted and given, respectively; and an application for ruling may be filed during which the project is implemented according to the action plan, notwithstanding Articles 23 (1) and 28 (1) of the said Act. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(3) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall apply mutatis mutandis to expropriation or use under paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 13 (Subsidization)
The head of a related central administrative agency and a Mayor/Do Governor may grant a managing authority subsidy to cover part of the expenses incurred in maintaining, etc. a small river, etc. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
CHAPTER III CONSERVATION OF SMALL RIVERS
 Article 14 (Occupancy and Use, etc. of Small Rivers, etc.)
(1) Any person who intends to engage in any of the following activities in a small river, etc. (excluding a planned small river area: hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) shall obtain permission from a managing authority, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety: Provided, That this shall not apply in any case prescribed by Presidential Decree: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 13063, Jan. 20, 2015; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Occupancy and use of flowing water;
2. Occupancy and use of land;
3. Occupancy and use, building, rebuilding, alteration or removal of small river facilities;
4. Building, rebuilding, or alteration of other artificial structures;
5. Excavation in the ground, mounding or cutting the ground, or other alterations of the shape of land;
6. Collection of earth and stones, sands, gravels, bamboos, or other objects coming from a small river, etc.;
7. Other activities likely to disrupt the shape and functions of a small river, etc.
(2) Where a managing authority intends to grant permission under paragraph (1), it shall examine matters referred to in the subparagraphs of Article 10 (2).
(3) Where a managing authority grants permission under paragraph (1) on a small river, etc. flowing into a national river or local river under the River Act, it shall notify the competent river managing authority provided for in Article 8 of the River Act of the granting of such permission. In such cases, it shall also notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the granting of permission for activities referred to in paragraph (1) 1. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(4) Where a prior consultation with a managing authority is conducted pursuant to Article 5 (1) or (2), paragraph (1) shall not apply to the extent already consulted, and where permission for the maintenance of a small river, etc. is granted pursuant to Article 10, paragraph (1) shall not apply to the extent already permitted. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(5) Any person who has installed or has been occupying and using small river facilities or other artificial structures in a small river area as at the time the small river area is determined and publicly notified pursuant to Article 3-3 shall file a report with the competent managing authority within one year from the date such small river is determined and publicly notified, and the person who has filed a report shall be deemed to have obtained permission under paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(6) A managing authority shall notify an applicant for permission of whether it grants permission or a reason for delay in granting permission within 20 days after receipt of an application for permission under paragraph (1). In such cases, where the managing authority fails to notify the applicant of whether it grants permission or a reason for delay in granting permission within that period, it shall be deemed to have granted permission on the date following the date that time limit has elapsed. <Amended by Act No. 10752, May 30, 2011>
(7) Where a managing authority notifies an applicant for permission of a reason for delay in granting permission pursuant to paragraph (6), the period for granting permission referred to in paragraph (6) may be extended for up to ten days. <Amended by Act No. 10752, May 30, 2011>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 15 (Restrictions on Permission)
Where a disaster is likely to occur or where a managing authority deems it particularly necessary for maintaining and preserving a small river, etc., the managing authority shall not grant permission under Article 14 (1), and may restrict the installation of artificial structures in a planned small river area publicly notified under Article 4 (3). <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 16 (Obligations to Reinstate Small Rivers)
(1) Any person who has obtained permission to maintain a small river, etc. pursuant to Article 10 or permission to occupy and use, or use, a small river, etc. pursuant to Article 14, shall reinstate the small river, etc. when such permission becomes void or he/she ceases to occupy and use, or use, the small river, etc.: Provided, That where a managing authority deems that reinstatement of a small river, etc. is unnecessary or impossible, it may exempt the person who obtained permission from obligations to reinstate the small river, etc. either at his/her request or ex officio. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where obligations to reinstate a small river, etc. are exempt pursuant to the proviso to paragraph (1), the relevant artificial structures or other objects shall gratuitously devolve on the relevant local government.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 17 (Measures against Violators of Statutes)
In any of the following cases, a managing authority may revoke permission to maintain a small river, etc. under Article 10 or permission to occupy and use, or use, a small river, etc. under Article 14; or issue an order to relocate or remove the relevant artificial structures or other objects, or to take other necessary measures: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Where a person has obtained permission to maintain a small river, etc. under Article 10 or permission to occupy and use, or use, a small river, etc. under Article 14 by fraudulent or other unlawful means;
2. Where a person has maintained a small river, etc. without obtaining permission, in violation of Article 10 (1);
3. Where a person has failed to undergo a completion inspection, in violation of Article 10 (4);
4. Where a person has occupied and used flowing water, etc. without obtaining permission, in violation of Article 14 (1);
5. Where a person has failed to report the occupancy and use of a small river, etc., in violation of Article 14 (5);
6. Where a person has violated restrictions on installation of artificial structures in a planned small river area under Article 15;
7. Where a person has failed to fulfill obligations to reinstate a small river, in violation of the main sentence of Article 16 (1);
8. Where a person who shall obtain approval, permission or other disposition from a related administrative agency pursuant to other statutes has failed to obtain approval, permission or other disposition, or such approval, permission or other disposition has been revoked or become void after a person obtained any of them, so permission under this Act is no longer required;
9. Where construction works related to permission, any other activities, or the whole or part of a project related thereto has been cancelled.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 18 (Dispositions for Public Interest)
In any of the following cases, a managing authority may issue a disposition under Article 17 to a person who has obtained permission to maintain a small river, etc. under Article 10 or permission to occupy and use, or use, a small river, etc. under Article 14, or order him/her to take necessary measures: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Where it is required for the maintenance of a small river, etc.;
2. Where it is required to eliminate or lessen damage to the public interest, such as the conservation of a small river and the prevention of disasters;
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 18-2 (Hearings)
Where a managing authority intends to revoke permission pursuant to Article 17 or 18, it shall hold a hearing.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 19 (Supervision over Managing Authority)
(1) A Mayor/Do Governor may direct and supervise a managing authority in relation to the maintenance and conservation of small rivers, etc. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where a Mayor/Do Governor deems it necessary for the conservation of small rivers and the prevention of disasters or the prevention or elimination of pollution, he/she may require a managing authority to revoke or change a disposition it has issued or construction works projects it undertakes or to take measures necessary therefor.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 20 (Invalidation of Permission)
Where a managing authority designates the deadline for commencing construction works or the deadline for completing constructions works when granting permission to maintain a small river, etc. under Article 10 or permission to occupy and use, or use, a small river, etc. under Article 14, such permission shall become void if a person who obtained such permission fails to commence or complete construction works by the designated date: Provided, That where the managing authority receives an application for the recovery of the effect within three months from the date the effect is lost, it may retroactively recover the effect thereof, if it deems that a person who obtained such permission could not meet the deadline for commencing construction works or the deadline for completing construction works in extenuating circumstances, such as a natural disaster or force majeure. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
CHAPTER IV SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 21 (Scope, etc. of Earnings and Expenses)
The scope of earnings from a small river, etc., expenses for the maintenance, etc., of a small river, etc., and criteria for the use of earnings shall be prescribed by the Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 22 (Collection of Fees for Occupancy and Use, etc.)
(1) A managing authority may collect fees for the occupancy and use of flowing water and land, and extraction fees for products from a small river, etc., such as earth and stones, sand and gravels (hereinafter referred to as “fees for occupancy and use, etc.”) from a person who obtains permission to occupy and use, or use, the small river, etc. (excluding a planned small river: hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) under Article 14: Provided, That this shall not apply where the right to property subject to occupancy and use, or use does not belong to the State or a local government. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) A managing authority may collect an amount of money equivalent to fees for occupancy and use, etc. as compensation from a person who has occupied and used, or used, a small river without obtaining permission, in violation of Article 14: Provided, That this shall not apply where the right to property subject to occupancy and use, or use does not belong to the State or a local government.
(3) A person who intends to obtain permission to maintain a small river, etc. under Article 10, or permission to occupy and use, or use, a small river, etc. under Article 14, shall pay fees. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(4) Where a managing authority grants permission to maintain a small river, etc. under Article 10, or permission to occupy and use, or use, a small river, etc. under Article 14 to a person who falls under any of the following cases, it may reduce or exempt fees for occupancy, etc. or other fees: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Where he/she undertakes a public project; a project for public interest; or a non-profit project for the purpose of the public interest;
2. Where he/she undertakes a project prescribed by Presidential Decree, which is a public works project having significant influence on the national economy;
3. Where it is impossible for him/her to achieve the original purpose of occupancy and use in extenuating circumstances, such as a natural disaster.
(5) Fees for occupancy and use, etc., compensation and other fees referred to in paragraphs (1) through (3) shall be the revenue of the relevant local government, and the amount thereof, methods of collection, and the percentage of the reduction or exemption of fees for occupancy and use, etc., and other fees under paragraph (4) shall be prescribed by ordinance of the relevant local government.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 23 (Compulsory Collection of Fees for Occupancy and Use, etc.)
Where a person fails to pay fees for occupancy and use, etc. under Article 22 (1) or compensation under paragraph (2) of the said Article, a managing authority shall collect such fees and compensation in the same manner as delinquent local taxes are collected.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 24 (Compensation for Losses Due to Public Burdens, etc.)
(1) Where any person has suffered a loss due to the maintenance of a small river, etc. according to an action plan; a disposition or order of a managing authority issued under Article 18; or a disposition or order of the related Mayor/Do Governor issued under Article 19 (2), the managing authority shall compensate for such loss. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) Where a managing authority intends to compensate for a loss pursuant to paragraph (1), it shall make arrangements with a person who has suffered such loss.
(3) Where a managing authority fails to arrive at an arrangement or cannot make arrangements under paragraph (2), it may apply for ruling to the competent land tribunal, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall apply to compensation for losses under paragraphs (1) through (3).
(5) Where a loss referred to in paragraph (1) is incurred due to a reason referred to in subparagraph 3 of Article 18, a managing authority may require a person who executes the project to fully or partially compensate for the loss.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 24-2 (Management of Abandoned River Channel, etc.)
(1) Where a river channel is excluded from a small river area (only applicable to a State-owned or public river channel; hereinafter referred to as "abandoned river channel, etc.") because the course of a small river is changed due to the maintenance of a small river, etc., flood or other natural phenomena, a managing authority shall publicly notify the abandoned river channel, etc. within three years from the date when the river channel is excluded from the small river area, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2017; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Any abandoned river channel referred to in paragraph (1) shall be used first for flood control, irrigation, water-friendly use, and the conservation of a small river environment.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 25 (Exchange or Transfer of Abandoned River Channel, etc. with Compensation)
Where any abandoned river channel, etc. meets all of the following requirements, a managing authority may exchange such abandoned river channel, etc. with another person's land that newly becomes a small river area or another person's land already included in a small river area, or transfer such abandoned river channel, etc. to the original owner of land before it was included in the small river, etc. or a person, other than the managing authority, that maintained the small river, etc. pursuant to Article 10 with compensation according to the priority and standards prescribed by Presidential Decree: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. It shall not be needed to be used for flood control, irrigation, water-friendly use, and the conservation of a small river environment;
2. It shall not be needed to remain as State-owned property or public property.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 26 (Establishment, etc. of Small River Management Committees)
(1) There shall be established a regional small river management committee under the jurisdiction of a Mayor/Do Governor and a local small river management committee under the jurisdiction of a managing authority to deliberate on any project for maintaining a small river, etc. and the conservation, management, etc. of a small river, etc.: Provided, That under the jurisdiction of a Special-Self Governing City Mayor or Special Self-Governing Province Governor, a regional small river management committee shall be established, which shall also deliberate on matters subject to deliberation by a local small river management committee. <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
(2) A regional small river management committee shall deliberate on the following: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Matters concerning approval of a comprehensive plan;
2. Matters concerning the selection of small rivers, etc. subject to maintenance works projects;
3. Matters concerning the methods of managing trans-boundary small rivers;
4. Matters concerning the implementation and the results of inspection of small river maintenance projects;
5. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree for the management of small rivers.
(3) A local small river management committee shall deliberate on the following: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Matters concerning a comprehensive plan and mid-term plan;
2. Matters concerning the issuance of permission to maintain a small river, etc. to a person, other than a managing authority; and the completion thereof;
3. Matters concerning the designation of a small river (including small river facilities), and the change and revocation of such designation;
4. Matters concerning the exchange or transfer of an abandoned river channel, etc. with compensation;
5. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree for the management of small rivers, etc.
(4) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3), matters necessary for the organization and operation of a regional small river management committee and a local small river management committee, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 26-2 (Inspection, etc. of Actual Status of Management of Small Rivers)
(1) Each managing authority shall conduct inspections on the status of management of small river facilities and the status of occupancy and use of small rivers and take measures necessary for maintenance, repair of small river facilities or correction of offences, and notify the Minister of the Interior and Safety of the results of measures taken. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Matters necessary for the details and methods of inspections, notification of the results of measures taken for inspected matters, etc. under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 26-3 (Promotion of Research and Development Programs for Mitigation of Disasters in Small Rivers)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety, each Mayor/Do Governor and each managing authority shall promote research and development programs and related projects in order to mitigate disasters occurring in small rivers, etc. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Minister of the Interior and Safety, each Mayor/Do Governor and each managing authority may provide necessary support in order to promote research and development programs and related projects. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Detailed matters necessary for support under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 26-4 (Establishment of Small River Information Systems)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall establish and operate a small river information system to efficiently manage small rivers, etc. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) To establish a small river information system pursuant to paragraph (1), the Minister of the Interior and Safety may request the submission of necessary data from the heads of central administrative agencies, the heads of local governments, and the heads of public institutions referred to in Article 4 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions (hereafter referred to as in this Article as "heads of the related agencies"). In such cases, the heads of the related agencies in receipt of a request for the submission of data, shall comply with such request except in extenuating circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The scope of information to be included in a small river information system referred to in paragraph (1), the operational procedures for such system, and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016]
CHAPTER V PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 27 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than six months, or by a fine not exceeding five million won: <Amended by Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. A person who causes damage to the community or disrupts flowing water by relocating or destroying small river facilities without just cause;
2. A person who maintains a small river, etc. without permission, in violation of Article 10;
3. A person who occupies or uses flowing water without permission, in violation of Article 14;
4. A person who violates an order issued by a managing authority under Article 17 or 18.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010]
 Article 28 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
If the representative of a corporation, or an agent, employee or any other servant of the corporation or an individual commits an offence under Article 27 in connection with the business of the corporation or the individual, not only shall such offender be punished, but also the corporation or the individual shall be punished by a fine under the relevant provisions: Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant duties to prevent such offence.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9200, Dec. 26, 2008]
ADDENDA
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Administrative Dispositions, etc.) Where the person has already obtained permission, authorization, approval, etc., for the actions provided in each subparagraph of Article 14 (1) in accordance with other statutes as at the time this Act enters into force, he/she shall be regarded as having obtained permission for each of the actions in accordance with this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5453, Dec. 13, 1997>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1998. (Proviso Omitted.)
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 6000, Aug. 31, 1999>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force two months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures on Approval of Comprehensive Plans for Small River Maintenance) The comprehensive plan for the small river maintenance and the implementation plan of small river maintenance approved by the Minister of Government Administration and Home Affairs under the former provisions as at the time this Act enters into force are regarded as approved by the amended provisions of Articles 6 (1) and 8 (1).
ADDENDUM <Act No. 6563, Dec. 31, 2001>
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 6656, Feb. 4, 2002>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2003.
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 6841, Dec. 30, 2002>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force nine months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7058, Dec. 31, 2003>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2004.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7186, Mar. 11, 2004>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7678, Aug. 4, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 7905, Mar. 24, 2006>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8014, Sep. 27, 2006>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 11 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8351, Apr. 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 15 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8352, Apr. 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 16 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8370, Apr. 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 20 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8819, Dec. 27, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8820, Dec. 27, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 9200, Dec. 26, 2008>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9313, Dec. 31, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9758, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 23 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10223, Mar. 31, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Compensation for Loss)
(1) The amended provisions of Article 24 (2) through (4) shall begin to apply from compensation for loss for which arrangements are being made as at the time this Act enters into force.
(2) The former provisions shall apply to compensation for loss for which ruling is applied for pursuant to the former Article 24 (3) as at the time this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Compensation)
An unreasonable profit under the former provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed compensation under this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 14 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 13 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10752, May 30, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability)
The amended provisions of Article 14 shall begin to apply from the first person who applies for permission for occupancy and use after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11405, Mar. 21, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Special Cases on Formulation of Comprehensive Plans)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 6 (1), the first comprehensive plan after this Act enters into force shall be formulated beginning with the year following the year in which this Act enters into force as the commencing year of a planned period.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Loss of Effect of Designation of Planned Small River Area)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 4 (3), the initial date in reckoning the loss of effect of designation of a planned small river area on land designated and publicly notified as the planned small river area as at the time this Act enters into force shall be the enforcement date of this Act.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Management of Land where No Small River Flows, etc.)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 24-2, land where no small river flows, etc. in which case three years have passed from the date land where no small river flows, etc. existed, which existed before this Act enters into force, shall be publicly notified within three months after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 25 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among the Acts amended pursuant to Article 6 of the Addenda, amendments to an Act, which was promulgated before this Act enters into force but the enforcement date of which has yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the enforcement date of the relevant Act.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13063, Jan. 20, 2015>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13919, Jan. 27, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Application for Rulings)
The amended provisions of Article 12 (2) shall begin to apply from the first action plan publicly announced after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Existing Small River Areas)
(1) In cases of an area which is a small river area defined under the former provisions of subparagraph 2 of Article 2; and which has been publicly notified as a small river pursuant to the former provisions of Article 3 (2) or as a small river area pursuant to Article 8 (2) of the Framework Act on the Regulation of Land Use as at the time this Act enters into force, such area shall be deemed determined and publicly notified under the amended provisions of Article 3-3.
(2) In cases of an area which is a small river area defined under the former provisions of subparagraph 2 of Article 2; and which has not been publicly notified as a small river pursuant to the former provisions of Article 3 (2) or as a small river area pursuant to Article 8 (2) of the Framework Act on the Regulation of Land Use as at the time this Act enters into force, a managing authority shall determine and publicly notify such area as a small river area pursuant to the amended provisions of Article 3-3 within five years from the date this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Appendages to Small River)
Any appendage to a small river defined under the former provisions of subparagraph 3 of Article 2 as at the time this Act enters into force, shall be deemed small river facilities defined under the amended provisions of subparagraph 3 of Article 2.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Planned Small River for Which Maintenance is Completed)
In cases of any land designated and publicly notified as a small river pursuant to the former provisions of Article 4 (4) after the area has been designated and publicly notified as a planned small river, and maintenance for the planned small river has been completed before this Act enters into force, such land shall be deemed determined and publicly notified as a small river area under the amended provisions of Article 4 (5).
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Permission for Small River Conservation Works following Change of Permission Name)
Where permission for small river conservation works has been granted under the former main sentence of Article 10 (1) as at the time this Act enters into force, permission for the maintenance of a small river, etc. shall be deemed granted under the amended provision of Article 10 (1).
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among the Acts amended under Article 5 of the Addenda, amendments to an Act, which was promulgated before this Act enters into force but the date on which it enters into force has yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the enforcement date of the relevant Act.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.