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STORM AND FLOOD INSURANCE ACT

Act No. 7859, Mar. 3, 2006

Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 8863, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008

Act No. 10224, Mar. 31, 2010

Act No. 11497, Oct. 22, 2012

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014

Act No. 12945, Dec. 30, 2014

Act No. 14755, Mar. 21, 2017

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the stabilization of citizens' livelihood by providing for matters necessary for storm and flood insurance with which damage and losses caused to property by storms and floods can be indemnified for promptly and fairly.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 11497, Oct. 22, 2012; Act No. 12945, Dec. 30, 2014>
1. The term "damage by storm and flood" means damage caused by typhoon, flood, torrential rain, gale, heavy seas, tidal waves, heavy snowfall, and earthquakes (including tsunami) among the natural disasters referred to in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Countermeasures against Natural Disasters Act;
2. The term "storm and flood insurance" means insurance that indemnifies the insured for damage and losses caused to his/her property by storms and floods;
3. The term "the amount of insurance coverage" means an amount of money agreed between an insurance policy holder and an insurer as the maximum amount up to which an insurance policy may cover damage and losses on the insured's property;
4. The term "premium" means the amount of money that an insurance policy holder shall pay to an insurer in accordance with an agreement between the insurance policy holder and the insurer;
5. The term "insurance proceeds" means the amount of money that an insurer pays to the insured in accordance with the agreement between the insurance policy holder and the insurer when the insured sustains damage to his/her property;
6. The term "damage assesment" means adjustment of the damage amount and insurance proceeds in accordance with damage of properties incurred from storms and floods;
7. The term “damage evaluator” means a person who has acquired the qualification of a damage evaluator under Article 16-2.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 3 (Jurisdiction over Insurance Program)
The storm and flood insurance program in accordance with this Act shall be under the jurisdiction of the Minister of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 4 (Subject Matters of Insurance)
Subject matters that can be covered by a storm and flood insurance policy (hereinafter referred to as "subject matter of insurance") shall be the following structures and chattels ancillary to or contained in such structures:
2. Other structures prescribed by Presidential Decree, taking into consideration probability of damage, the utility of insurance, and other relevant factors comprehensively.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 5 (Insured)
The insured of a storm and flood insurance policy shall be the owner of a subject matter of insurance under Article 4.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 6 (Insurers)
(1) Persons who may engage in the storm and flood insurance program are as follows:
1. Insurance companies under the Insurance Business Act;
2. Other institutions and organizations authorized to engage in insurance services or mutual aid services in relation to storm and flood pursuant to any other Act.
(2) Where an insurer under paragraph (1) intends to engage in the storm and flood insurance program, he/she shall submit the following documents to the Minister of the Interior and Safety and shall execute an agreement on the storm and flood insurance program with the Minister of the Interior and Safety: <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Business manual, insurance terms and conditions, and manual for the calculation of insurance premium and liability reserve (hereinafter referred to as "basic documents");
2. Other documents prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as articles of incorporation, a certified transcript of corporate register, etc.
(3) Where the Minister of the Interior and Safety intends to execute an agreement pursuant to paragraph (2), he/she shall consult with the Financial Services Commission on the appropriateness of the basic documents. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Necessary matters concerning the agreement on the storm and flood insurance program provided for under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 7 (Financial Support from State and others)
(1) The State or a local government may grant subsidies, within budgetary limits, to insurance policy holders for a portion of the premiums that shall be borne by insurance policy holders: Provided, That no subsidy shall be granted if a subject matter of insurance is covered by the agricultural and fishery disaster insurance under the Agricultural and Fishery Disaster Insurance Act. <Amended by Act No. 10224, Mar. 31, 2010>
(2) Matters necessary for the subsidization of premiums under the main body of paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10224, Mar. 31, 2010>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 8 (Committee for Deliberation on Storm and Flood Insurance)
(1) The Committee for Deliberation on Storm and Flood Insurance (hereinafter referred to as the "Deliberative Committee") shall be established under the jurisdiction of the Minister of the Interior and Safety for the purpose of deliberating on the following matters: <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Matters concerning the selection of the subject matters of insurance;
2. Matters concerning the extent of storm and flood covered by storm and flood insurance;
3. Matters concerning financial support for storm and flood insurance program;
4. Matters concerning the method and procedure for damage assessment;
5. Other matters brought by the Chairperson of the Deliberative Committee for deliberation.
(2) The Deliberative Committee shall be comprised of not more than 15 members as prescribed by Presidential Decree, including one Chairperson and one vice chairperson.
(3) The Deputy Minister of the Interior and Safety in charge of the national disaster and safety management shall serve as the Chairperson, while the Vice Chairperson shall be elected by and from among committee members. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14755, Mar. 21, 2017; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Necessary matters concerning the organization and operation of the Deliberative Committee shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
CHAPTER II OPERATION OF STORM AND FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM
 Article 9 (Insurance Term)
The basic insurance term under the storm and flood insurance program shall be one year: Provided, That a different insurance term for the type of each subject matter of insurance may be set by Presidential Decree, taking into consideration the purposes of installation and the structure of each subject matter of insurance.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 10 (Separate Accounting for Insurance Program)
An insurer shall separate accounts for the storm and flood insurance program from other accounts and make profits and losses thereon clear.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 11 (Calculation of Premium Rates)
An insurer shall calculate storm and flood insurance premium rates on the basis of objective and reasonable statistical data in accordance with the following guidelines :
1. The principles for the calculation of premium rates under Article 129 of the Insurance Business Act shall be applied;
2. The premium rate shall vary depending upon the frequency of incurrence of damage to each subject matter of insurance;
3. The premium rate shall vary depending upon the degree of risk for each region as indicated in the maps for the management of storm and flood insurance under Article 25 (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 12 (Limit on Amount of Insurance Coverage)
The Minister of the Interior and Safety may set a limit to the amount of insurance coverage so that the insured can estimate the insurance proceeds to which he/she is entitled and the storm and flood insurance program can be operated properly. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 13 (Consent, etc. to Revision to Basic Documents)
(1) Where an insurer intends to revise any basic document, it shall obtain consent thereto from the Minister of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Where the Minister of the Interior and Safety intends to give his/her consent pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall consult with the Financial Services Commission. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 14 (Solicitation of Insurance)
(1) A person who may solicit storm and flood insurance are as follows:
1. A person entitled to solicit insurance pursuant to Article 83 (1) of the Insurance Business Act;
2. An executive or employee of an insurer under Article 6 (1) 2;
3. Other person prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as an executive or employee of a member cooperative of an insurer.
(2) An insurer may sell storm and flood insurance in the form of a comprehensive insurance policy or similar in combination with other non-life insurance. In such cases, Article 10 shall be complied with as regards accounting.
(3) Articles 95, 97, and 98 of the Insurance Business Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to guidelines for the preparation of informative materials regarding storm and flood insurance, which a person who engages in solicitation of storm and flood insurance needs for soliciting the insurance pursuant to paragraph (1), and prohibited activities, which a person who engages in solicitation of storm and flood insurance shall not conduct while soliciting insurance.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 15 (Cooperation in Actual Inspection on Subject Matters of Insurance Prior to Execution of Insurance Contract)
(1) If necessary for conducting an actual inspection on the size, location, structure, etc. of a subject matter of insurance before executing a storm and flood insurance contract, an insurer may request the cooperation of the head of the competent local government.
(2) Upon receiving a request for cooperation under paragraph (1), the head of the competent local government shall give cooperation, unless extenuating circumstances exist.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 16 (Damage Assessment)
(1) An insurer may retain any of the following persons to take charge of damage assessment: <Amended by Act No. 12945, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. A person prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety among certified damage adjusters under Article 186 of the Insurance Business Act;
2. A damage evaluator.
(2) A person who takes charge of damage assessment pursuant to paragraph (1) shall carry out damage assessment in good faith in accordance with guidelines for damage assessment determined and publicly notified by the Minister of the Interior and Safety. In such cases, the person shall not intentionally conceal a true fact or commit fraud in damage assessment. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Where the Minister of the Interior and Safety intends to give public notice of guidelines for damage assessment under paragraph (2), he/she shall consult with the Financial Services Commission in advance. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall devise measures for securing and training certified damage evaluators pursuant to paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 12945, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 16-2 (Damage Evaluators)
(1) Any person who intends to become a damage evaluator shall have requirements such as professional experience and knowledge concerning subject matters of insurance prescribed by Presidential Decree and receive education conducted or accepted by the Minister of the Interior and Safety, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall issue a certificate of damage evaluator prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety, to a person who has received education under paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 14755, Mar. 21, 2017; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) None of the following persons may become a damage evaluator:
1. A minor;
2. A person under adult guardianship or a person under limited guardianship;
3. A person for whom two years have not elapsed since his/her imprisonment without labor or greater punishment, declared by a court for violation of this Act, was complete (including where the execution of such sentence is deemed complete) or the non-execution of such sentence became final;
4. A person who is under suspension of the execution of his/her imprisonment without labor or greater punishment, declared by a court for violation of this Act;
5. A person for whom two years have not elapsed from the date on which a qualification of a damage evaluator has been revoked under Article 16-3 (1).
(4) Any damage evaluator shall receive continuing education provided or recognized by the Minister of the Interior and Safety as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety for improvement of qualification and ability as a damage evaluator. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12945, Dec. 30, 2014]
 Article 16-3 (Cancellation and Suspension of Qualification, etc. of Damage Evaluators)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall cancel the qualification if a damage evaluator falls under any of the following: <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Where a person has acquired the qualification of a damage evaluator by fraud or other illegal means;
2. Where a person has intentionally hidden the truth or evaluate the damage in violation of the latter part of Article 16 (2);
3. Where a person has fallen under any subparagraph of Article 16-2 (3).
(2) The Minister of the Interior and Safety may order suspension of the qualification in determination of period less than one year as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety in any cases a damage evaluator has not received continuing education under Article 16-2 (4) without good cause. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall have a hearing where he/she intends to cancel the qualification of a damage evaluator under paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12945, Dec. 30, 2014]
 Article 17 (Verification, etc. of Damage Assessment)
(1) An insurer may conduct sample surveys in order to verify damage assessment under Article 16 (1).
(2) If it is necessary to make any adjustment due to a considerable discrepancy between the results of a sample survey under paragraph (1) and the result of a damage assessment, an insurer may conduct another damage assessment, subject to prior consultation with the Minister of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 18 (Payment, etc. of Insurance Proceeds)
Guidelines for application for payment of insurance proceeds, payment of such proceeds, and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 19 (Accumulation of Liability Reserve, etc.)
(1) An insurer shall appropriate a liability reserve and an emergency risk reserve separately at the end of each fiscal year.
(2) Matters necessary for appropriating a liability reserve and an emergency risk reserve shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 20 (Establishment of Deficit Compensation Reserve)
(1) An insurer shall accumulate a deficit compensation reserve for the smooth stabilization of insurance finances and the smooth operation of the insurance program.
(2) The deficit compensation reserve shall be established with earnings retained at the time of settlement of accounts of the insurance program, gains on operation of the deficit compensation reserve, borrowings, contributions from the Government and other Funds, and other revenues. In such cases, borrowing a loan for the purpose of establishing the deficit compensation reserve shall be subject to approval from the Minister of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Necessary matters concerning the management and operation of the deficit compensation reserve shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 21 (Disposition of Deficits)
An insurer shall appropriate the emergency risk reserve and the deficit compensation reserve for the deficit accrued, if any, at the time of settlement of accounts for the insurance program, and if the amount of such deficit exceeds the emergency risk reserve and the deficit compensation reserve which have been accumulated, a subsidy from the National Treasury may be granted to cover the difference.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 14755, Mar. 21, 2017]
 Article 22 (Execution of Reinsurance Contract)
An insurer may execute a reinsurance contract with another insurer entitled to engage in reinsurance business pursuant to the Insurance Business Act and other relevant laws for the purpose of transferring part of its liability for the payment of insurance proceeds that it is required to pay otherwise if a disaster occurs.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
CHAPTER III ASSISTANCE IN STORM AND FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM
 Article 23 (Promotion, etc. of Insurance Purchase)
The State or a local government may induce any of the following persons to purchase and maintain a storm and flood insurance policy during the period specified by Presidential Decree, subject to the person's consent, in order to promote the purchase of storm and flood insurance policies and raise awareness of autonomous disaster prevention:
1. A person to whom a loan or subsidy prescribed by Presidential Decree is granted;
2. A person to whom a subsidy from the National Treasury or the local expenditure under Article 66 of the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety is granted for a disaster recovery project.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 24 (Collection, Consolidation, and Management of Statistics Related to Storm and Flood)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall establish and manage a computer network for the management of statistics with which necessary statistical data, such as the current status of subject matters of insurance, the amount of damage, and causes of damage, can be collected and consolidated, so as to prevent damage from storms and floods and to operate the storm and flood insurance program properly. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The head of each Si/Gun/Gu shall submit the following data to the Minister of the Interior and Safety by no later than March 31 each year, via the Special Metropolitan City Mayor or the competent Metropolitan City Mayor, Do Governor, or the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor"), so as to collect and consolidate the statistical data under paragraph (1): <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. The overall status of the subject matters of insurance during the previous year by type of structure, purpose of use, and regions;
2. The amount of damage to the subject matters of insurance during the previous year by type of structure, purpose of use, and region and cause of damage;
3. Data regarding premiums, insurance proceeds and other data that the Administrator of the Minister of the Interior and Safety deems necessary for establishing a budget for the following year.
(3) An insurer may request the Minister of the Interior and Safety to furnish it with statistical data under paragraph (2) for calculating the premium rate for storm and flood insurance and amount of insurance coverage. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Detailed procedures and the method of operation necessary for the collection, consolidation, and management of statistics under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be determined by the Minister of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 25 (Preparation, etc. of Maps for Management of Storm and Flood Insurance)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall prepare maps indicating the degree of risk of storm and flood in each region (hereinafter referred to as "maps for the management of storm and flood insurance"), taking into consideration the history of storms and floods that have occurred in the past and risk of probable occurrences of storm and flood in the future, and shall set up and manage a computer system for the integrated management of such maps so as to prevent damage from storms and floods and to operate the storm and flood insurance program properly. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Necessary matters concerning the method of preparation of maps for the management of storm and flood insurance, including the units and contents of such maps, shall be determined by the Minister of the Interior and Safety, subject to consultation with related agencies. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall comprehensively review every five years the accuracy of the maps prepared for the management of storm and flood insurance pursuant to paragraph (1) and set the maps in good working conditions accordingly. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) The Minister of the Interior and Safety may delegate any part of the work for the preparation of the maps for the management of storm and flood insurance to the head of a local government, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) An insurer may request the Minister of the Interior and Safety to permit it to use the maps for the management of storm and flood insurance for the calculation of premium rates of storm and flood insurance and amounts of insurance coverage. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 25-2 (Vicarious Preparation, etc. of Maps for Management of Storm and Flood Insurance)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety may authorize a person who has the technical capability of preparing maps for the management of storm and flood insurance to prepare maps for the management of storm and flood insurance vicariously. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A person who intends to carry out the work under paragraph (1) vicariously shall have technical human resources that meet standards prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Procedure for the vicarious preparation of maps for the management of storm and flood insurance and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 25-3 (Vicarious Integration and Management of Maps for Management of Storm and Flood Insurance)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety may authorize a specialized institution designated by the Minister of the Interior and Safety to vicariously carry out the work for the integration and management of maps for the management of storm and flood insurance, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A person who vicariously carries out the integration and management of maps for the management of storm and flood insurance may provide copies of all or some information contained in maps for the management of storm and flood insurance or data processed with such information in return for fees, subject to prior approval of the Minister of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Procedure for the use of information of maps for the management of storm and flood insurance and matters for the collection of fees shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 26 (Scientific Survey, Research, etc.)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall devise measures to encourage scientific surveys and research on systems for the prevention of damage by storm and flood, and the storm and flood insurance system, the development of related technologies, and the training of professional human resources. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The State may provide assistance as may be necessary for the scientific surveys and research stipulated under paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
CHAPTER IV SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 27 (Entrustment of Business Affairs)
If necessary for the smooth implementation of the storm and flood insurance program, an insurer may entrust part of the business affairs of storm and flood insurance, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as solicitation of insurance and damage assessment, to any of the following persons:
1. Local agricultural cooperatives established under the Agricultural Cooperatives Act;
2. Persons who engage in a damage evaluating business under Article 187 of the Insurance Business Act;
3. Other persons prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 28 (Reporting, etc.)
If the Minister of the Interior and Safety deems it necessary for the smooth operation of the storm and flood insurance program and the protection of insurance policy holders and the insured, he/she may require an insurer to submit a report on the current status of its business performance related to the storm and flood insurance program or relevant documents. <Amended by No. Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 29 (Mediation of Disputes)
Mediation of disputes arising in connection with storm and flood insurance shall be governed by Articles 51 through 57 of the Act on the Establishment, etc. of Financial Services Commission.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 30 (Succession to Rights and Obligations upon Transfer of Insured Subject Matters)
(1) Where the insured transfers an insured subject matter to another person, the transferee shall be presumed to succeed to the transferor's rights and obligations arising from the relevant insurance contract.
(2) In cases under paragraph (1), either the transferor or the transferee shall promptly notify the insurer of the fact.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 31 (Protection of Beneficial Rights)
A right to be paid insurance proceeds of a storm and flood insurance policy shall not be subject to seizure: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where a subject matter of insurance has been offered as security.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 32 (Notice and Prescription)
(1) An insurer shall notify insurance policy holders of premiums, and the payment deadline of premiums, etc., as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The right to the return of premiums or the right to receive insurance proceeds pursuant to this Act shall become extinct by prescription, if such right is not exercised within two years.
(3) The extinctive prescription under paragraph (2) shall be governed by the Civil Act, except as expressly provided for in this Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 33 (Organization of Local Government)
The head of each local government shall organize and operate a department exclusively responsible for the business affairs of storm and flood insurance in order to smoothly operate the storm and flood insurance system under this Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 34 (Relationships with Damage Subsidization Systems)
(1) No subsidy from the National Treasury or the local expenditure under Article 66 of the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety shall be granted for disaster recovery projects for subject matters insured by storm and flood insurance. <Amended by Act No. 10224, Mar. 31, 2010>
(2) Subsidies from the National Treasury or the local expenditure under Article 66 of the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety shall be granted for disaster recovery projects for subject matters not insured by storm and flood insurance, but the scale of such subsidies shall be adjusted yearly in accordance with guidelines prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 35 (Application of the Insurance Business Act)
As to the storm and flood insurance program under this Act, Articles 102, 118 (1), 119, 124, 131, 132, 133, 134 (1), 136, 162, 176, and 181 (1) of the Insurance Business Act shall apply. In such cases, the term "insurance company" shall be construed as "insurer."
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
CHAPTER V PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 36 (Penalty Provisions)
(1) A person who provides money or goods, or an insurance policy holder who demands and receives money or goods, in violation of Article 98 of the Insurance Business Act applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 14 (3) shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding 20 million won.
(2) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than one year or by a fine not exceeding ten million won:
1. A person who conducts solicitation, in violation of Article 14 (1);
2. A person who intentionally conceals a true fact, or who commits fraud in damage assessment, in violation of the latter part of Article 16 (2).
(3) A person who engages in accounting, in violation of Article 10 shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five million won.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 37 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
(1) Where the representative, an agent, or an employee of, or any other person employed by, a corporation commits any violation referred to in Article 36 in conducting the business affairs of the corporation, the corporation shall, in addition to punishing the violator accordingly, be subject to a fine prescribed in the relevant Article: Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant business affairs to prevent such violation.
(2) Where an agent, or an employee of, or any other person employed by, an individual commits any violation referred to in Article 36 in conducting the business affairs of the individual, the individual shall, in addition to punishing the violator accordingly, be subject to a fine prescribed in the relevant Article: Provided, That this shall not apply where such individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant business affairs to prevent such violation.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
 Article 38 (Administrative Fines)
(1) An insurer who violates Article 95 of the Insurance Business Act applied mutatis mutandis to Article 14 (3) shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding ten million won.
(2) Where a promoter, an incorporator, an executive, a senior executive employee, an ordinary executive employee, an inspector, a bankruptcy administrator, or a liquidator of an insurer falls under any of the following, he/she shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding five million won: <Amended by Act No. 14755, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Where he/she fails to appropriate a liability reserve or an emergency risk reserve separately, in violation of Article 19 (1);
1-2. Where he/she fails to accumulate a deficit compensation reserve, in violation of Article 20 (1);
2. Where he/she violates an order issued pursuant to Article 131 of the Insurance Business Act, which shall apply pursuant to Article 35;
3. Where he/she rejects, interferes with, or evades an inspection under Article 133 of the Insurance Business Act, which shall apply pursuant to Article 35.
(3) Any of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding five million won:
1. Where a person who is not an insurer violates Article 95 of the Insurance Business Act applied mutatis mutandis to Article 14 (3);
2. A person who violated Article 97 (1) of the Insurance Business Act, which shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 14 (3);
3. A person who fails to submit a report or the relevant document under Article 28 or who makes a false representation in submitting such a report or relevant document.
(4) Administrative fines under paragraphs (1) and (3) shall be imposed and collected by the Minister of the Interior and Safety, while administrative fines under paragraph (2) shall be imposed and collected by the Financial Services Commission, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) through (7) Deleted. <by Act No. 10224, Mar. 31, 2010>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008]
ADDENDUM
This Act shall enter into force on the day prescribed by Presidential Decree, which shall not be later than six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8863, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 8998, Mar. 28, 2008>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 10224, Mar. 31, 2010>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11497, Oct. 22, 2012>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That amended parts of any Act of which enforcement date does not arrive though the Act has been promulgated before this Act enters into force under Article 6 of the Addenda shall enter into force on the date of promulgation of relevant Act, respectively.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12945, Dec. 30, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability concerning Grounds for Disqualification)
The amended provisions of Article 16-2 (3) shall apply beginning with a person who acquires the qualification of a damage evaluator after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability concerning Cancellation and Suspension of Qualifications of Damage Evaluators)
The amended provisions of Article 16-3 (1) and (2) shall apply from such cases falling under the reasons of cancellation and suspension of qualification incurred after this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Special Cases concerning Grounds for Disqualification of Persons under Adult Guardianship, etc.)
Persons under adult guardianship or persons under limited guardianship referred to in the amended provision of Article 16-2 (3) 2 shall be deemed to include persons for whom the declaration of incompetency or quasi-incompetency remains effective under Article 2 of the Addenda to the Civil Act (Act No. 10429).
ADDENDA <Act No. 14755, Mar. 21, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Liability to Accumulate Retained Earnings Accrued at the Time of Settlement of Accounts as Deficit Compensation Reserves)
(1) Retained earnings accrued at the time of settlement of accounts in the fiscal year whereto belongs the enforcement date of this Act shall be accumulated as deficit compensation reserves under the previous provisions, notwithstanding the amended provision of Article 21.
(2) Where any insurer fails to accumulate retained earnings accrued at the time of settlement of accounts in the fiscal year whereto belongs the enforcement date of this Act, as deficit compensation reserves, he/she shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding five million one.
(3) The previous provisions shall apply to the imposition of administrative fines for acts committed before this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amendments to the Acts to be amended pursuant to Article 5 of the Addenda, which were promulgated before this Act enters into force but the enforcement dates of which have yet to arrive, shall enter into force the enforcement date of the relevant Act.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.