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ENFORCEMENT DECREE OF THE RESERVE FORCES ACT

Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016

Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017

 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Decree is to prescribe matters delegated by the Reserve Forces Act and matters necessary for the enforcement thereof. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Decree shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
1. The term "resources for a reserve force" means persons who are subject matter for the organization of the reserve forces pursuant to the main sentence of Article 3 (1) of the Reserve Forces Act (hereinafter referred to as the "Act");
2. The term "commanding officer of a delegated military unit" means the commanding officer of a military unit to whom authority of the Minister of National Defense has been delegated pursuant to Article 14 (1) of the Act and Article 28 (1) of this Decree;
3. The term "chief of an entrusted police station" means the chief of a police station to whom authority of the Minister of National Defense or the commanding officer of a delegated military unit has been entrusted pursuant to Article 14 (2) of the Act and Article 28 (2) of this Decree.
 Article 3 (Volunteering as Members of Reserve Forces)
(1) A person who intends to volunteer as a member of a reserve force pursuant to Article 3 (1) of the Act shall have attained the age of 18 years or older in the year to which the scheduled date for the final selection belongs.
(2) A person who intends to volunteer as a member of a reserve force pursuant to Article 3 (1) of the Act shall submit a written application for enrollment for a reserve force prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense to persons according to the following classifications. In such cases, underage persons shall attach a written consent of a person in parental authority or guardian thereto:
1. Regional reserve forces: The head of a regional office of military manpower (including the head of a branch office of military manpower: hereinafter referred to as "head of a regional office of military manpower") through the company commander of the regional reserve forces having jurisdiction over his/her place of residence;
2. Workplace reserve forces: The head of the relevant place of work.
(3) The period of service of a person enrolled voluntarily for a reserve force shall be two years: Provided, That it may be extended at the request of the person himself/herself.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3), where a person who has been enrolled voluntarily for a reserve force falls under any of the following subparagraphs, the period of his/her service shall end:
1. Regional reserve forces: Where he/she moves his/her place of residence outside the jurisdiction of a Dong/Eup/Myeon at the time he/she volunteers for service;
2. Workplace reserve forces: Where he/she retires from the relevant place of work or is transferred to other place of work.
(5) Notwithstanding paragraph (3), where a person who does not fall under Article 3 (1) 1 of the Act volunteers for a reserve force because he/she has been appointed as the commander of a unit of a reserve force or as a staff officer of the reserve war capability management organization pursuant to Article 16 (3) of the Enforcement Decree of the National Defense Reform Act, he/she shall be enrolled for the relevant reserve forces during his/her period of service in such a position.
 Article 4 (Enrollment of Soldiers in Reserve and Replacement Status for Reserve Forces)
(1) In the following cases, the Administrator of Military Manpower Administration may enroll soldiers in the reserve and in the replacement status, whose period has passed the time prescribed in Article 3 (1) 2 or 3 of the Act, for reserve forces in accordance with the proviso to the part other than the subparagraphs of the same paragraph: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
1. Where it is difficult to organize a unit of a reserve force necessary for defense of the relevant region only with resources for a reserve force in a Ri/Dong of a coastal area or area surrounded by mountains expected to be a stronghold of action and route of infiltration of those who carry weapons under the order of the enemy or an antinational organization (hereinafter referred to as "armed communist militia");
2. Where the Minister of National Defense deems it necessary for regional defense by residential area (hereinafter referred to as “regional defense”) in time of war, incident or a state of national emergency corresponding thereto.
(2) Where the Minister of National Defense intends to enroll soldiers in the reserve force and in the replacement status, whose period has passed the time prescribed in Article 3 (1) 2 or 3 of the Act, for a reserve force pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall publicly announce persons to be enrolled, areas, and other necessary matters in advance in daily newspapers distributed nationwide, by radio or by other appropriate methods.
 Article 5 (Organization of Reserve Forces)
(1) "Workplace which has human resources of the reserve forces, exceeding a scale prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 3-2 (1) of the Act means the following places of work: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26090, Feb. 10, 2015>
1. A place of work that has resources for a reserve force, exceeding a scale of a company;
2. A place of work that has resources for a reserve force exceeding a scale of a squad, among important national facilities designated by the Minister of National Defense pursuant to Article 21 (4) of the United Defense Act: Provided, That this shall exclude any workplace that has resources for a reserve force of less than 9 persons excluding those whose mobilization or drill has been suspended under the proviso to Article 5 (1) or Article 6 (3).
(2) Regional reserve forces shall be organized into a regiment, battalion, regional brigade, company, platoon, and squad (hereinafter referred to as "unit") with a place of residence as a unit, and a unit shall be established according to the following standards: Provided, That a unit may be established by combining units or subdividing a unit according to standards determined by the Minister of National Defense in consideration of resources for a reserve force and circumstances of a zone of operations: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
1. Regiment, battalion and regional brigade: In a unit of a Special Self-Governing City/Si (including an administrative city under the Special Act on the Establishment of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province and the Development of Free International City; hereinafter the same shall apply)/Gun/autonomous Gu: Provided, That it shall be established only in cases where the Minister of National Defense deems it necessary;
2. Company: In a unit of a Dong/Eup/Myeon;
3. Platoon and squad: In a unit of a Tong/Ri.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), when the resources of a reserve force in an area are insufficient or any unavoidable ground exists, the members of reserve forces falling under Article 3 (1) 1 of the Act may be organized to the unit of such neighboring area in a Si/Gun/autonomous Gu. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), in a particularly necessary case for the homeland security, the Minster of National Defense may organize persons selected from among the members of regional reserve forces to the unit of a reserve force under the following classifications for regional defense: <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
1. Regional brigade of special reserve forces: In a unit of a Metropolitan City, Special Self-Governing City, Do, or Special Self-Governing Province;
2. Company or task force of special reserve forces: In a unit of a Special Self-Governing City/Si/Gun/autonomous Gu;
3. Strike force: In a unit of a Dong/Eup/Myeon.
(5) Workplace reserve forces shall be organized into a brigade, regiment, battalion, company, platoon, or squad according to the following standards, with a place of work as a unit, with resources for a reserve force belonging thereto: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
1. Brigade: At least 7,201 personnel;
2. Regiment: At least 1,601 personnel but not exceeding 7,200 personnel;
3. Battalion: At least 401 personnel but not exceeding 1,600 personnel;
4. Company: At least 81 personnel but not exceeding 400 personnel;
5. Platoon: At least 41 personnel but not exceeding 80 personnel;
6. Squad: At least 9 personnel but not exceeding 40 personnel;
(6) Notwithstanding paragraph (5), in any of the following cases, the workplace reserve forces may be organized and operated by combining them: Provided, That in cases under subparagraphs 1 and 4, they shall be organized, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 24413, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Where it is necessary to organize a single workplace reserve force by uniting resources for a reserve force in the same industrial complex (referring to an industrial complex under the Industrial Cluster Development and Factory Establishment Act, a free trade zone under the Act on Designation and Management of Free Trade Zones, and important industrial facilities designated by the Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy; hereinafter the same shall apply);
2. Where it is necessary to organize a single workplace reserve forces by uniting resources for a reserve force in the same building or premises;
3. Where the same place of work or a place of work in the same affiliation is in the same area [referring to a Si (including the Special Metropolitan City, Metropolitan Cities and Special Self-Governing City) and a Gun (excluding a Gun in a Metropolitan City)], and it is necessary to operate the workplace reserve forces organized with a place of work as a unit by combining them with a district as a unit under the jurisdiction of the commanding officer of a delegated military unit;
4. Where it is especially necessary to have the regional reserve forces in the relevant area enrolled in the workplace reserve forces, in consideration of geographical circumstances or resources for a reserve force of an area where the workplace reserve forces are established.
(7) Notwithstanding paragraph (5), where the Minister of National Defense deems it necessary, he/she may organize the fishermen's reserve forces, with a unit of a fisheries cooperative by district or by business type in a port or harbor which consist of the employees from a fisheries cooperative by district or by type of business, and the owners of fishing boats and their seamen (referring to seamen and other persons who work aboard a ship to make a living by fishing) residing in the relevant port and harbor. In such cases, when several fisheries cooperatives by district and by business type exist in the same harbor and port, the fishermen's reserve forces shall be organized by combining them, and the head of a fisheries cooperative by district or by business type, which has a number of persons subject to enrollment, shall be the head of a place of work. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
(8) A reserve force shall be organized by classifying members of a reserve force, by each year of service, based on the year in which they become subject to enrollment in a reserve force, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
(9) The head of a place of work that has organized the workplace reserve forces shall grant an appropriate rank and position to the commander of a unit of a reserve force so that he/she may command members of a reserve force readily and devote himself/herself to the management and operation thereof.
(10) Matters concerning the selection, appointment, and dismissal, and standards for qualification, etc. of the commander of a unit of a reserve force shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
 Article 6 (Districts under Jurisdiction)
(1) A district under the jurisdiction of the regional reserve forces by unit shall be an administrative district according to standards for the organization under Article 5 (2), and a district under the jurisdiction of the workplace reserve forces shall be the premises of the relevant place of work, and both the regional reserve forces and the workplace reserve forces shall be under the control of the superior regional reserve forces having jurisdiction over their locations.
(2) When regional reserve forces and workplace reserve forces deem it necessary for performing their duties, they shall support each other in the performance of their respective duties, regardless of a district under the jurisdiction referred to in paragraph (1).
 Article 7 (Procedures, etc. for Organization of Reserve Forces)
(1) The Army Chief of Staff, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Air Force Chief of Staff, the Minister of Justice, the Commissioner General of the Korean National Police Agency, and the Commissioner of the Korea Coast Guard (hereinafter referred to as "head of an agency to which a person belongs") shall send a personnel order for discharge or personnel order for discharge from service (hereinafter referred to as "personnel order") of a person who has completed his/her service from the military or agency to which he/she belonged (hereinafter referred to as "person discharged from military service") to the Administrator of Military Manpower Administration within seven days from the date he/she is discharged from military service or discharged from civil service, and the Administrator of Military Manpower Administration shall send the same to the head of a regional office of military manpower having jurisdiction over a place of residence of a person discharged from military service. In such cases, the head of an agency to which a person belongs shall have the commanding officer of a military unit or the head of an agency who directly administers a military register of a person discharged from military service send a personnel order to the Administrator of Military Manpower Administration. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The head of an agency to which a person belongs shall prepare a personnel order with confirmation of address on a resident registration card of a person discharged from military service, and when he/she sends the personnel order, he/she shall send the same by registered mail: Provided, That where he/she is provided with access to the transmission and receipt system of official documents, he/she may transmit the same through the system.
(3) The head of a regional office of military manpower shall organize a reserve force based on a personnel order of a person discharged from military service received pursuant to paragraph (1) and a personnel order of a person falling under Article 3 (1) 3 of the Act, from among persons he/she administers their military registers firsthand.
(4) The head of a regional office of military manpower shall administer a list of members of a reserve force enrolled pursuant to paragraph (3) by electronic data, prepare enrollment cards of a reserve force and send them to the company commander of the regional reserve forces having jurisdiction over a place of residence of the relevant member of a reserve force.
(5) When the Army Chief of Staff, the Chief of Naval Operations or the Air Force Chief of Staff has discharged troops from a call-up pursuant to Article 46 (1) of the Military Service Act, he/she shall send a list of persons discharged from a troop call-up to the head of each regional office of military manpower and the latter shall enroll persons falling under Article 3 (1) 1 through 3 of the Act from among persons discharged from a troop call-up in a reserve force again.
(6) Where the Minister of National Defense has enrolled soldiers in the reserve and in the replacement status, whose period has passed the time prescribed in Article 3 (1) 2 or 3 of the Act for a reserve force, under the proviso to Article 3 (1) of the Act, the head of a regional office of military manpower shall prepare their enrollment cards in a reserve force and send them to the company commander of the regional reserve forces of their places of residence.
 Article 8 (Administration of Changes in Personal Circumstances of Members of Reserve Forces)
(1) When a member of the regional reserve forces changes his/her place of residence, the head of a regional office of military manpower shall send his/her reserve force enrollment card and other related documents to the company commander of the regional reserve forces having jurisdiction over a place of residence of the relevant member. In such cases, the head of a regional office of military manpower may request the company commander of the regional reserve forces of his/her previous place of residence to send his/her reserve force enrollment card and other related documents.
(2) When a reason for changes in personal circumstances, such as transfer, transference, retirement, and death, arises for a member of a reserve force who belongs to the workplace reserve forces, the head of a place of work that has organized the workplace reserve forces shall notify such reason to the head of a regional office of military manpower having jurisdiction over the relevant place of work within three days from the date the relevant reason arises.
(3) The head of a regional office of military manpower notified that a member is enrolled for the workplace reserve forces pursuant to paragraph (2) shall notify such matter to the head of a regional office of military manpower having jurisdiction over a place of residence of the relevant member of a reserve force.
(4) The head of a regional office of military manpower notified that a member is enrolled for the workplace reserve forces pursuant to paragraph (3) shall send the reserve force enrollment card and other related documents of the relevant member of a reserve force to the head of the relevant place of work. In such cases, the head of a regional office of military manpower may request the head of his/her previous place of business to send his/her reserve force enrollment card and other related documents.
 Article 9 (Disbandment, etc. of Workplace Reserve Forces)
(1) "Any reason prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 3-2 (9) of the Act means any of the following cases: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
1. Where the period when resources for a reserve force of the relevant workplace reserve forces fall short of the standards for organization pursuant to Article 5 (5) is longer than one year;
2. Where the workplace reserve forces fail to appoint the commander of a unit of a reserve force equipped with qualifications under Article 5 (10) for six months or more;
3. Where the workplace reserve forces have been judged disqualified on not less than three occasions for the last five years at regular inspections conducted under Article 31.
(2) Where resources for a reserve force exceed or fall short of standards for the organization pursuant to Article 5 (5) for not less than one year, the head of a place of work that has organized the workplace reserve forces may request the head of the competent regional office of military manpower to adjust the relevant workplace reserve forces into a unit that meets the standards for the organization or disband the same. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
(3) Upon request under paragraph (2), the head of a regional office of military manpower shall order the head of the relevant place of work to adjust a unit or disband a unit of the workplace reserve forces in consultation with the commanding officer of a delegated military unit.
(4) Where a unit of the workplace reserve forces falls under paragraph (1) 1 through 3, the commanding officer of a delegated military unit may request the head of the competent regional office of military manpower to disband the unit of the workplace reserve forces. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
 Article 10 (Dispositions of Soldiers, etc.)
Where the Minister of National Defense deems it necessary for the command and supervision of a reserve force, he/she may make dispositions of soldiers and civilian workers in the military in a unit of a reserve force.
 Article 11 (Methods, etc. of Mobilization)
(1) When the commanding officer of a delegated military unit mobilizes reserve forces pursuant to Article 5 (1) of the Act, he/she shall issue an order for mobilization according to the chain of command of a unit of a reserve force or request the chief of an entrusted police station to mobilize them.
(2) When the commanding officer of a delegated military unit or the chief of an entrusted police station mobilizes a reserve force, he/she shall order members of a reserve force to be mobilized in daily newspapers distributed nationwide, by radio, by telephone, over loudspeakers, or by sounding siren and other methods prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
(3) When the Minister of National Defense deems it necessary for preparing for the performance of operational duties, he/she may request the commanding officer of a delegated military unit to issue a mobilization order to members of a reserve force in advance, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense, and order mobilization by methods referred to in paragraph (2).
(4) When a mobilization order has been issued pursuant to paragraph (3), a member of a reserve force in receipt of a mobilization order shall gather at a place stated on the mobilization order or a place designated in a newspaper, by radio, etc., that has ordered mobilization pursuant to paragraph (2) at a designated time.
(5) Where a mobilization order has been issued to members of a reserve forces pursuant to paragraph (2), the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the head of each Si (including the head of an administrative city under the Special Act on the Establishment of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province and the Development of Free International City)/Gun/Gu (referring to the head of an autonomous Gu; hereinafter the same shall apply) shall cooperate so that the commanding officer of a delegated military unit or the chief of an entrusted police station may inform members of a reserve force of details of such mobilization orders over loudspeakers, by bulletin boards, cable broadcasting, neighborhood meetings, etc. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26736, Dec. 22, 2015>
(6) The commanding officer of a delegated military unit and the chief of an entrusted police station shall not mobilize reserve forces on grounds, other than the performance of duties of a reserve force pursuant to Article 2 of the Act.
 Article 12 (Time to Muster for Mobilization)
"Time frame prescribed by Presidential Decree" in the main sentence of Article 5 (1) of the Act means time according to the following classifications: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
1. A person in the area where a mobilization order has been issued and in a neighboring Special Self-Governing City/Si/Gun/Gu: Six hours after a mobilization order is issued;
2. A person in the ground area, other than areas specified in subparagraph 1: 24 hours after a mobilization order is issued;
3. A person in the island area or boarding a fishing boat going out fishing, etc. at the time a mobilization order is issued: 48 hours after a mobilization order is issued.
 Article 13 (Hold on Mobilization)
(1) "Persons prescribed by Presidential Decree" in the proviso to Article 5 (1) of the Act means the following persons:
1. Police officers, correctional officers and firefighters;
2. Civilian workers serving in a military unit;
3. Employees working for a foreign military unit stationed in the Republic of Korea;
4. Public officials in charge of navigational aids (only applicable to public officials in charge of maintenance of navigational aids, and public officials serving at a light- house or on a ship for navigational aids);
5. Aircraft mechanics, air traffic controllers and persons serving at an aeronautical radio beacon;
6. Radio operators and mechanics serving at a coastal radio station;
7. Persons appointed as commanding officers of civil defense units in accordance with the Framework Act on Civil Defense;
8. Other persons prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
(2) Where a person who intends to obtain a hold on mobilization pursuant to the proviso to Article 5 (1) of the Act is unable to submit a written application for a hold on mobilization pursuant to Article 6-3 (1) of the Act in person, he/she may have the head of a household of the person himself/herself or an adult of his/her family, or his/her employer submit it.
 Article 14 (Postponement of Mobilization)
(1) A person who intends to postpone mobilization pursuant to Article 5 (2) of the Act shall submit a written application for postponement of mobilization to the company commander of a reserve force to which he/she belongs within two days (a person who receives a mobilization order pursuant to Article 11 (3) shall submit a written application for postponement of mobilization by the date and time designated pursuant to paragraph (4) of the same Article) from the date he/she receives a mobilization order: Provided, That where he/she is unable to submit a written application for postponement of mobilization in person, he/she may have the head of a household of the person himself/herself or an adult of his/her family, or his/her employer submit it.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), where a person is unable to submit a written application for postponement of mobilization due to natural disasters or by other compelling reasons, he/she may apply for postponement of mobilization orally or by other methods. In such cases, when a reason for being unable to submit a written application for postponement of mobilization ceases to exist, he/she shall submit a written application for postponement of mobilization and documents proving such reason without delay.
(3) Upon receipt of an application for postponement of mobilization under paragraphs (1) and (2), the company commander of a reserve force shall notify the commanding officer of a delegated military unit who has issued mobilization orders or the chief of entrusted police station, of such fact without delay.
(4) Where a member of a unit of a reserve force residing in an area where mobilization orders have been issued pursuant to Article 5 (3) of the Act, relocates his/her place of residence to other area, he/she shall submit a report, stating the purpose, the place and date of relocation to the company commander of a reserve force to which he/she belongs.
 Article 15 (Drills)
(1) Drills for members of a reserve force pursuant to Article 6 (1) of the Act shall be conducted within 160 hours a year according to years of service, and details and methods of drills and other matters necessary for drills shall be determined by the Minister of National Defense.
(2) “Persons prescribed by Presidential Decree” in the latter part of Article 6 (1) of the Act refer to any of the following persons: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 26736, Dec. 22, 2015>
1. Vice ministers or higher state public officials;
2. Local council members;
3. Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of each Si (including the head of an administrative city appointed under the proviso to Article 17 (2) of the Special Act on the Establishment of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province and the Development of Free International City)/Gun/Gu;
4. Deputy Mayor of Special Metropolitan City (limited to local public officials);
5. Superintendents of Special Metropolitan City, Metropolitan City, Special Self-Governing City, or Special Self-Governing Province.
(3) “Persons prescribed by Presidential Decree” in Article 6 (3) of the Act refer to any of those in each subparagraph of Article 13 (1). <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 26736, Dec. 22, 2015>
(4) Articles 13 (2) and 14 shall apply mutatis mutandis to an application for suspension of drills under Article 6 (3) of the Act.
 Article 16 (Delivery of Call-Up Notice)
(1) The commanding officer of a delegated military unit shall deliver a call-up notice to the person himself/herself by no later than seven days prior to the date of call-up for drills pursuant to the proviso to Article 6-2 (1) of the Act.
(2) The form of a call-up notice pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
(3) Where the commanding officer of a delegated military unit intends to conduct an on-spot drill or inspection in preparation for mobilization according to the proviso to Article 6-2 (1) of the Act, he/she shall give a call-up notice to members of a reserve force by telephone or notification by visit, and members of a reserve force who have received a call-up notice shall muster at a place designated within time according to classification referred to in the subparagraphs of Article 12.
(4) Where the commanding officer of a delegated military unit intends to issue a call-up notice by electronic document (hereinafter referred to as "electronic document") pursuant to Article 2 (1) 5 of the Act on Promotion of Information and Communications Network Utilization and Information Protection, Etc. pursuant to Article 6-2 (4) of the Act, he/she shall receive electronic mail addresses from members of a reserve force and obtain their consent to receive, and publicly announce the drill schedule over the Internet 30 days prior to the date of call-up for drill.
(5) Where a member of a reserve force has notified the commanding officer of a delegated military unit of his/her intention that he/she will receive a drill as publicly announced by the commanding officer of a delegated military unit pursuant to paragraph (4) by no later than 12 days (in cases where the date of call-up for a drill is a holiday, 13 days) prior to the date of call-up for the drill, it shall be deemed to have issued a call-up notice by electronic document with his/her consent.
(6) In addition to matters prescribed in paragraphs (4) and (5), matters concerning methods and procedures for issuing a call-up notice by electronic document shall be determined by the Minister of National Defense.
 Article 17 (Nationwide Drills)
(1) Where the commanding officer of a delegated military unit has announced the drill schedule pursuant to Article 16 (4), a member of a reserve force from the district outside the jurisdiction may apply for participation in drills by electronic document or visiting the delegated military unit in person by no later than three days prior to the date of call-up for a drill.
(2) Where a member of a reserve force has applied for participation in a drill pursuant to paragraph (1), a call-up notice shall be deemed to have been delivered to him/her by electronic document with his/her consent.
(3) Kinds of drills in which a member of a reserve force may apply for participation pursuant to paragraph (1), procedures for application, and other necessary matters shall be determined by the Minister of National Defense
 Article 18 (Management of Weapons, Ammunition, etc.)
(1) Where a reserve force is armed pursuant to Article 7 (1) of the Act, weapons, ammunition, equipment, other accessories, etc. shall be supplied pursuant to procedures for supply of the armed forces.
(2) The commanding officer of a military unit shall separate and store weapons, ammunition, equipment, other accessories, etc. for arming reserve forces at a place designated by the commanding officer of a delegated military unit pursuant to Article 7 (3) of the Act.
(3) The chief of a police station entrusted with matters concerning the management of weapons, ammunition, equipment, other accessories, etc. of a reserve force pursuant to the proviso to Article 7 (3) of the Act shall be deemed a public official managing supplies pursuant to Article 6 (3) of the Act on the Management of Military Supplies.
 Article 18-2 (Components of Uniforms of Reserve Forces)
Uniforms and insignia that the members of the reserve forces shall wear pursuant to Article 7-2 of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “uniforms of the reserve forces”) are as follows:
1. Cap of the reserve forces;
2. Uniform of the reserve forces;
3. Boots of the reserve forces;
4. Insignia of the reserve forces: Insignia on the cap, name tag, breast insignia, rank insignia, shoulder insignia (only commanding officers may wear rank insignia and shoulder insignia);
5. Special clothing for the reserve forces: Field jacket, jumper, and duty uniform [jumper and duty uniform are applicable only to commanding officers, and duty uniforms shall be divided into the summer uniform and winter uniform];
6. Accessary: Belt.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23882, Jun. 27, 2012]
 Article 18-3 (Specifications of Uniforms of Reserve Forces)
The uniform of the reserve forces shall be in the specifications prescribed in the following subparagraphs:
1. Cap, uniform, and boots of the reserve forces: The specifications of the combat cap, combat uniform, and combat boots prescribed in the Presidential Decree on Military Uniforms;
2. Insignia of the reserve forces: Table 1 attached hereto;
3. Special clothing for the reserve forces:
(a) Field jacket and jumper: Table 2 attached hereto;
(b) Duty uniforms: The specifications of duty uniforms included in the special clothing specified by the Army Chief of Staff, the Navy Chief of Staff (and the Marine Corps Commander in case of the Marine Corps), and the Air Forces Chief of Staff with approval from the Minister of National Defense thereof pursuant to Article 10 of the Decree on Military Uniforms;
4. Accessory: The specifications of belt prescribed in the Decree on Military Uniforms.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23882, Jun. 27, 2012]
 Article 18-4 (Wearing of Uniforms of Reserve Forces)
(1) The uniforms of the reserve forces shall be worn by the members of the reserve forces only when they are called up for mobilization, education, or drill.
(2) When a member of the reserve forces wears the uniform of the reserve forces, he/she shall wear the cap, boots, and insignia of the reserve forces as well: Provided, That a female member of the reserve forces may wear a hat, other than the cap of the reserve forces as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
(3) When a member of the reserve forces wears the uniforms of the reserve forces, he/she shall keep his/her clothing and appearance neat and shall endeavor to behave with the dignity expected of a member of the reserve forces.
(4) The seasons for wearing special clothing of the reserve forces are specified as follows:
1. Field jacket or jumper: Suitable one for weather during the season from October 1 to April 30 of the following year shall be worn, if necessary;
2. Duty uniforms: Shall be worn by the members of the reserve forces, if necessary, depending on the summer or winter period in the following: Provided, That the Minister of National Defense may change the period of wearing the uniforms, if such change is required for weather, location, or any other special occasion:
(a) Summer: From May 1 to September 30;
(b) Winter: From October 1 to April 30 of the following year.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23882, Jun. 27, 2012]
 Article 18-5 (Change in Specifications of Insignia of Reserve Forces and Other Matters)
If the Minister of National Defense finds it necessary for regional defense due to a war, an incident, or any other extraordinary event, he/she may establish provisions regarding the specifications of the insignia of the reserve forces and the method of wearing the insignia, different from the corresponding provisions of this Decree. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23882, Jun. 27, 2012]
 Article 19 (Emergency Measures)
(1) Limited to the following cases, the commanding officer of a delegated military unit or the chief of an entrusted police station may take measures (hereinafter referred to as "emergency measures") prescribed in Article 8 (1) of the Act:
1. When enemies, armed communist militia or armed rioters infiltrate into a village or invade a private house, where the situation is deemed urgent and unavoidable for the purpose of operation to wipe out or capture such enemies, armed communist militia or armed rioters;
2. Where it is deemed that there are no other tactical methods to isolate enemies, armed communist militia or armed rioters from the area where they have infiltrated, or are hiding, or the area expected to be an escaping route.
(2) If the commanding officer of a delegated military unit or the chief of an entrusted police station intends to take emergency measures, he/she shall notify residents of the details, period, district, etc. of emergency measures, or post a notice thereof: Provided, That where he/she intends to remove a resident's property, he/she shall notify the resident of the reason therefor.
(3) When the commanding officer of a delegated military unit has taken emergency measures, he/she shall report the details of such measures to the Minister of National Defense according to a chain of command.
(4) When the chief of an entrusted police station has taken emergency measures, he/she shall report the details of such measures to the commanding officer of a delegated military unit, or notify the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Do Governor, or a Special Self-Governing Province Governor of the same. In such cases, the commanding officer of a delegated military unit shall report such reported matters to the Minister of National Defense according to a chain of command. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
 Article 20 (Compensation Following Emergency Measures)
(1) When the commanding officer of a delegated military unit or the chief of an entrusted police station has inflicted damage on property of a resident due to emergency measures, he/she shall issue a certificate of damage stating the shape, price (referring to a market price) and other matters prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense to the resident.
(2) When a person who has sustained the damage on his/her property due to emergency measures intends to receive compensation pursuant to Article 8 (3) of the Act, he/she shall submit a written application for payment of a compensation to the Minister of National Defense, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
(3) When the Minister of National Defense has received a written application pursuant to paragraph (2), he/she shall determine the amount of compensation through the deliberation thereon by the council on compensation within 30 days from the date he/she receives the application, and send an applicant a notice of payment of a compensation without delay.
(4) A person who has an objection to the amount of compensation referred to in paragraph (3) may request the Minister of National Defense to re-examine it within 30 days from the date he/she receives a notice of payment of a compensation. In such cases, the Minister of National Defense shall determine whether to re-examine it through the deliberation by the council on compensation within 60 days from the date he/she receives a request for re-examination.
(5) The organization and operation of the council on compensation and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
 Article 21 (Payment of Compensation for Accidents)
(1) Compensation for an accident paid pursuant to Article 8-2 of the Act shall be classified into compensation for death and a compensation for disability, and Articles 31 and 32 of the Military Pension Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the amount payable and payment. In such cases, the monthly pay of the standard income under the Articles 31 (2) 3 and 32 (1) shall be an amount equivalent to the monthly pay of the standard income of a soldier on active duty which is the same as or similar to the rank and the salary grade of the relevant member of a reserve force at the time he/she is discharged, and for a person who has been enrolled voluntarily in a reserve force pursuant to paragraph (3), a monthly pay of standard income of a soldier shall serve as the basis for payment of a compensation for an accident. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24803, Oct. 22, 2013>
(2) When a person who received a compensation for disabilities deceases due to his/her disability, a compensation minus the compensation for disability already paid shall be paid.
 Article 22 (Payment of Compensation for Business Suspension)
(1) The compensation payable for business suspension pursuant to Article 8-2 of the Act shall be calculated by multiplying the amount calculated at a daily rate of the amount equivalent to 80/100 of the average monthly expenses of the whole households for the previous year surveyed and published each year by the Statistics Korea, by the period for which a person has been unable to engage in his/her occupation due to medical treatment: Provided, That the period of such payment shall be less than two years. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(2) A member of a reserve force who intends to claim the payment of compensation for business suspension under Article 8-2 of the Act shall file a claim with the commanding officer of a military unit to which he/she belongs or the commanding officer of a training unit or the chief of an entrusted police station, along with documents evidencing the suspension of his/her business. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(3) Upon receipt of a claim for payment of compensation for business suspension under paragraph (2), the commanding officer of a military unit or a training unit, or the chief of an entrusted police station shall ascertain the fact of business suspension, medical chart, etc., and send the claim for payment of compensation for business suspension to the commanding officer of a delegated military unit. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(4) Upon receipt of a claim for payment of compensation for business suspension under paragraph (3), the commanding officer of a delegated military unit shall decided an amount of the payment of compensation for business suspension and request the competent army commander to pay compensation. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(5) Upon receipt of a request for the payment of compensation for business suspension under paragraph (4), the competent army commander shall order the commanding officer of a delegated military unit to pay compensation. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(6) Notwithstanding paragraph (5), where the Army Chief of Staff, the Navy Chief of Staff (in the case of the Marine Corps, referring to the Commander of the Marine Corps), and the Air Force Chief of Staff are required to bear the burden of payment of compensation, the competent army commander may request them to pay. In such cases, the Army Chief of Staff, the Navy Chief of Staff, and the Air Force Chief of Staff shall determine an amount of compensation for business suspension and pay compensation to the relevant member of a reserve force. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(7) Except as provided in paragraphs (1) through (6), necessary matters for the procedures, methods, etc. for the payment of compensation for business suspension shall be prescribed by the Minister of National Defense. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
 Article 23 (Compensation)
(1) Persons entitled to compensation pursuant to Article 9 (1) shall be classified as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24803, Oct. 22, 2013>
1. A person wounded in battle or while on duty equivalent thereto and the person's family: A soldier or police officer wounded in combat and his/her family referred to in Article 4 (1) 4 of the Act on the Honorable Treatment of and Support for Persons, etc. of Distinguished Service to the State;
2. A person wounded while on duty or a drill and the person's family:
(a) Where the person is wounded while on duty or a drill which is directly related to the protection and security of the State or the protection of the lives and property of citizens: A soldier or police officer wounded while on duty and his/her family referred to in Article 4 (1) 6 of the Act on the Honorable Treatment of and Support for Persons, etc. of Distinguished Service to the State;
(b) Where the person is wounded while on duty or a drill which is not directly related to the protection and security of the State or the protection of the lives and property of citizens: A military person or police office wounded in a disaster and his/her family referred to in Article 2 (1) 2 of the Act on Support for Persons Eligible for Veteran’s Compensation;
3. The bereaved family of a person who died in battle or while on duty related thereto (including cases where he/she died of a wound): A bereaved family of a soldier or police officer who died in battle referred to in Article 4 (1) 3 of the Act on the Honorable Treatment of and Support for Persons, etc. of Distinguished Service to the State;
4. A bereaved family of a person who died while on a drill or duty related thereto (including cases where he/she died of a wound):
(a) Where he/she is died while on duty or a drill which is directly related to the protection and security of the State or the protection of the lives and property of citizens: A soldier or police officer who died while in on duty and his/her family referred to in Article 4 (1) 5 of the Act on the Honorable Treatment of and Support for Persons, etc. of Distinguished Service to the State;
(b) Where he/she died while on duty or a drill which is not directly related to the protection and security of the State or the protection of the lives and property of citizens: A military person or police officer died in a disaster and his/her family referred to in Article 2 (1) 1 of the Act on Support for Persons Eligible for Veteran’s Compensation;
(2) A person who intends to receive compensation pursuant to Article 9 (1) of the Act shall apply for registration in accordance with Article 6 of the Act on the Honorable Treatment of and Support for Persons, etc. of Distinguished Service to the State or Article 4 of the Act on Support for Persons Eligible for Veteran’s Compensation with a death certificate or injury certificate attached thereto. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24803, Oct. 22, 2013>
(3) When the commanding officer of a delegated military unit issues a death certificate or injury certificate pursuant to paragraph (2), he/she shall report such fact to the Minister of National Defense through the relevant chain of command without delay, and the Minister of National Defense shall, upon receipt thereof, prepare written confirmation of death or injury, and notify the Minister of Patriots and Veterans Affairs thereof.
 Article 24 (Medical Treatment of Wounded Persons)
(1) The commanding officer of a military unit to which a member of a reserve force belongs, the commanding officer of a training unit, or the chief of an entrusted police station shall take measures so that a member of a reserve force wounded during the performance of his/her duties or at a drill pursuant to Article 9 (2) of the Act may be treated in a medical institution of the State or a local government (referring to a national hospital, public hospital, health center of a Special Self-Governing City/Si/Gun/Gu and a medical institution of the armed forces; hereinafter the same shall apply) or a private medical institution. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(2) Medical treatment in a private medical institution pursuant to the proviso to Article 9 (2) of the Act shall not exceed three days, and where necessary to treat a wounded member of a reserve force in excess of three days, the commanding officer of a military unit to which the relevant member of a reserve force belongs, the commanding officer of a training unit, or the chief of an entrusted police station shall request the head of a medical institution of the State or a local government to allow him/her to be sent to a medical institution of the State or a local government so that the wounded reservist may be treated continuously: Provided, That where the commanding officer of a military unit to which the relevant member of a reserve force belongs, the commanding officer of a training unit, or the chief of an entrusted police station deems that a wound may be worsened if he/she is sent to a medical institution of the State or a local government, or a medical institution of the State or a local government is unable to provide him/her appropriate medical treatment, the commanding officer of a military unit to which the relevant member of a reserve force belongs, the commanding officer of a military unit, or the chief of an entrusted police station may extend the period of medical treatment in a private medical institution. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
 Article 25 (Payment of Medical Expenses)
(1) The head of a private medical institution that provides medical treatment pursuant to the proviso to Article 9 (2) of the Act shall claim payment of medical expenses to the commanding officer of a military unit to which the relevant member of a reserve force belongs, the commanding officer of a training unit, or the chief of an entrusted police station, by attaching a detailed statement of medical expenses. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(2) Upon receipt of a written claim for payment of medical expenses pursuant to paragraph (1), the commanding officer of a military unit or a training unit or the chief of an entrusted police station shall ascertain the fact of wound and the period of medical treatment, etc. and send a written claim for payment of medical expenses to the commanding officer of a delegated military unit, who, in turn, shall request the competent army commander to pay medical expenses. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(3) When the competent army commander receives a request for payment of medical expenses from the commanding officer of a delegated military unit pursuant to paragraph (2), he/she shall notify the head of the relevant private medical institution of payment of medical expenses and order the commanding officer of a military unit to pay medical expenses.
(4) Upon receipt of an order to pay medical expenses pursuant to paragraph (3), the commanding officer of a delegated military unit shall pay medical expenses to the head of the relevant private medical institution without delay.
(5) Where a member of a reserve force already paid medical expenses to the head of a private medical institution, the provisions of paragraphs (1) through (4) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the procedures for the payment of medical expenses. In such cases the “head of a private medical institution” shall be construed as a “member of a reserve force.” <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(6) Except as provided in paragraphs (1) through (5), necessary matters for the procedures, methods, etc. for the payment of medical expenses shall be prescribed by the Minister of National Defense. <Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
 Article 26 (Reporting on Occurrences of Death or Injury)
(1) Where a member of a reserve force dies or is wounded during the performance of his/her duties or at a drill, the commanding officer of a military unit to which a member of a reserve force belongs, the commanding officer of a training unit, or the chief of an entrusted police station shall report such fact to the commanding officer of a delegated military unit without delay. In such cases, he/she shall attach a medical certificate issued by the head of a medical institution in which a member of a reserve force was treated pursuant to Article 24 (1) to a report on a wounded person. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
(2) Where a wounded member of a reserve force has been transferred from a private medical institution to a medical institution of the State or a local government pursuant to Article 24 (2), the commanding officer of a military unit to which a member of a reserve force belongs or the chief of an entrusted police station shall report such fact to the commanding officer of a delegated military unit without delay.
 Article 27 (Reimbursement, etc. at Cost)
(1) The Ministry of National Defense may reimburse a member of a reserve force mobilized or called up for a drill pursuant to Article 11 for food expenses, traffic expenses, etc. at cost within budgetary limits. In such cases, necessary matters concerning methods of calculating the amount payable and procedures for payment, etc. shall be determined by the Minister of National Defense.
(2) The Minister of National Defense may pay for operating expenses of a military unit for the operation of a military unit to any unit above company level (including a platoon designated by the Minister of National Defense) among regional reserve forces, and to any unit above company level of the fishermen's reserve forces among workplace reserve forces, and reimburse the commanding officer for such unit actual expenses incurred in performing his/her duties within budgetary limits.
 Article 28 (Delegation and Entrustment of Authority)
(1) Pursuant to Article 14 (1), the Minister of National Defense shall delegate his/her authority over the management and operation of a reserve force to the commanding officer of a military unit designated by him/her from among the commanding officers of military units above brigade level, having jurisdiction over the relevant district.
(2) The commanding officer of a delegated military unit pursuant to paragraph (1) may, where necessary, re-entrust the chief of a police station with the following matters:
1. Authority over mobilization of units of a reserve force below company level for the performance of duties of a reserve force, and over the command of operations of a reserve force, and emergency measures necessary for operations;
2. Matters concerning the maintenance and management of weapons, ammunition, equipment and other accessories;
3. Matters concerning the service discipline of members of a reserve force under mobilization.
(3) When the chief of a police station delegated pursuant to paragraph (2) has mobilized members of a reserve force, he/she shall report such fact to the commanding officer of a delegated military unit without delay. The same shall also apply to demobilization.
(4) When the chief of a police station has failed to obtain approval from the commanding officer of a delegated military unit after he/she mobilized a reserve force pursuant to Article 14 (3) of the Act, he/she shall demobilize a reserve force without delay.
 Article 28-2 (Treatment of Personally Identifiable Information)
The Minister of National Defense (including persons delegated the authority of the Minister of National Defense) may treat the materials including resident registration numbers under subparagraph 1 of Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act if unavoidable for performance of the following affairs:
1. Affairs concerning the organization of reserved forces under Article 3-2 of the Act;
2. Affairs concerning the mobilization and drill under Articles 5, 6 ,6-2 and 6-3 of the Act;
3. Affairs concerning the compensation under Articles 8 and 9 of the Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Presidential Decree No. 23488, Jan. 6, 2012]
 Article 29 (Colors of Reserve Forces)
(1) The Minister of National Defense shall present the colors of a unit of a reserve force to units of a reserve force above company level in order to symbolize such units and display their dignity and honour.
(2) Types, rules, methods of presenting the colors of units of a reserve force, and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
 Article 30 (Official Commendation)
The Minister of National Defense, the commanding officer of a delegated military unit and the chief of an entrusted police station may honor excellent members and units of a reserve force, and persons who have rendered distinguished service to the promotion of a reserve force (including organizations).
 Article 31 (Inspections)
(1) The Minister of National Defense may conduct inspections on units of a reserve force and agencies related thereto to ascertain and inspect the actual conditions of a reserve force and assess the ability of a reserve force to perform duties.
(2) Inspections under paragraph (1) shall be classified as a regular inspection and a special inspection.
(3) In principle, a regular inspection shall be conducted once a year under the supervision of the commanding officer of a delegated military unit, and a special inspection shall be conducted when the Minister of National Defense deems it necessary; he/she may have the Chief of Staff of respective armed forces conduct a special inspection of units of a reserve force under the command of respective armed forces and agencies related to a reserve force.
 Article 32 (Promotion and Support of Reserve Forces)
(1) Matters concerning the promotion and support of a reserve force pursuant to Article 14-3 (1) of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
1. Establishment, management and maintenance of offices of units of a reserve force;
2. Provision of equipment and supplies for the operation of units of a reserve force;
3. Provision to the maintenance of drill grounds and drill facilities for a reserve force;
4. Provision of meals, transportation, communications, medical service, equipment, goods and combat facilities related to the regional defense operations;
5. Boosting the morale of members of a reserve force, strengthening ties among civilians, authorities and armed forces and publicity thereof, and other matters necessary for the promotion of a reserve force.
(2) The head of a local government having jurisdiction over a zone of operations shall provide meals to mobilized members of a reserve force, and the head of the relevant place of work shall provide meals to mobilized members of the workplace reserve forces.
 Article 33 (Kinds of Defense Councils)
(1) The defense councils (hereinafter referred to as "council") pursuant to Article 14-3 (2) of the Act shall be classified as regional defense councils and workplace defense councils.
(2) Regional defense councils shall be established and operated at the level of the Special Metropolitan City, a Metropolitan City, a Special Self-Governing City, a Do, the Special Self-Governing Province, a Si/Gun/Autonomous Gu, an Eup/Myeon/Dong (including branches of all levels), and workplace defense councils shall be established and operated at the level of workplace (where the workplace reserve forces have been organized by integrating them pursuant to Article 5 (6) 1, referring to an industrial complex). <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
 Article 34 (Functions)
Each council shall deliberate on the following matters: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
1. Matters concerning provision of motor vehicles, ships, and facilities in time of regional defense operations;
2. Matters concerning provision of meals to a reserve force taking part in regional defense operations;
3. Matters concerning boosting the morale of a reserve force taking part in the regional defense operations and drills, and strengthening ties among civilians, authorities and armed forces;
4. Matters concerning the propagation of mobilization orders for regional defense operations;
5. Matters concerning the promotion and support of the integrated workplace reserve forces (only applicable to a workplace defense council of an industrial complex);
6. Other items on the agenda submitted by the chairperson or a member of a defense council.
 Article 35 (Composition)
(1) Each of the following persons shall be the chairperson of a council (hereinafter referred to as "chairperson"): <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 26736, Dec. 22, 2015>
1. A regional defense council: The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, the head of a Si (including the head of an administrative city under the Special Act on the Establishment of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province and the Development of Free International City)/Gun/Gu, and the head of an Eup/Myeon/Dong (including the head of each branch office);
2. A workplace defense council: The head of each place of work: Provided, That the representative managing an industrial complex shall be the chairperson of a workplace defense council of an industrial complex.
(2) Each of the following persons shall be members of a council:
1. A regional defense council: The head of a State agency of all levels, the head of a local government, the commanding officer of a military unit, and persons commissioned by the chairperson from among residents in the district under the jurisdiction of the relevant regional defense council;
2. A workplace defense council: Persons appointed by the chairperson from among the commanders of units of the workplace reserve forces and employees in an executive position of the relevant place of workplace: Provided, That for a workplace defense council of an industrial complex, persons commissioned by the chairperson from among the commanders of the integrated reserve forces of an industrial complex, related officials of defense-related agencies of an industrial complex, and representatives of enterprises in an industrial complex.
 Article 36 (Chairperson)
(1) The chairperson shall represent a council and preside over the affairs of the council.
(2) When the chairperson is unable to perform his/her duties due to extenuating circumstances, a member appointed by the chairperson in advance shall perform such duties on his/her behalf.
 Article 37 (Meetings)
(1) The chairperson shall call a meeting of a council and preside over the meeting.
(2) Meetings of a council shall be classified as a regular meeting and extraordinary meeting; a regular meeting shall be held once in every quarter and an extraordinary meeting shall be held upon request when the chairperson deems it necessary.
(3) A meeting of a council shall be held by the attendance of a majority of the incumbent members and its resolutions shall be made with the consent of those present at the meeting.
 Article 38 (Detailed Regulations for Operation)
In addition to matters prescribed by this Decree, matters necessary for the operation of a council shall be determined by the Minister of National Defense.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Payment of Compensation for Death)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 21, the former provisions shall apply to remuneration to a person to whom a reason for payment of a compensation for death has arisen before this Decree enters into force.
Article 3 Omitted.
Article 4 (Relationship with Other Statutes)
Where the former Enforcement Decree of the Establishment of Homeland Reserve Forces Act or the provisions thereof have been cited in other statutes as at the time this Decree enters into force, if the provisions corresponding thereto exist in this Decree, this Decree or the relevant provisions of this Decree shall be deemed to have been cited in lieu of the former provisions.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23488, Jan. 6, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 23882, Jun. 27, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Decree)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 1, 2012.
Article 2 (Repeal of Other Statutes)
Article 3 (Transitional Measure concerning Previous Specifications of Uniforms of Reserve Forces)
Uniforms conforming to the specifications of uniforms of the reserve forces prescribed in the former Decree on Uniforms of Members of the Reserve Forces before this Decree enters into force (including the uniforms of the reserve forces in the specifications applied before the specifications were amended pursuant to the amended Presidential Decree on Military Uniforms (Presidential Decree No. 22931) shall be worn by members of the reserve forces until December 31, 2020.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 24378, Feb. 20, 2013>
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24413, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24803, Oct. 22, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability)
The amended provisions of Article 23 (2) shall also apply to a person whose cause of application for registration has occurred before the enforcement of this Decree applies for registration after this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 25751, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among Presidential Decrees amended pursuant to Article 5 of the Addenda, amendments to Presidential Decrees promulgated before this Decree enters into force but their enforcement dates have yet to arrive shall enter into force on their respective enforcement dates of the relevant Presidential Decree.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 26090, Feb. 10, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Special Cases concerning Disbanding Workplace Reserved Forces in accordance with Amendment to Organization Standard for Workplace Reserved Forces of Important National Facilities)
Where a resource of a workplace reserved force (excluding persons whose mobilization or drill have been suspended under the proviso to Article 5 (1) or Article 6 (3) of the Act) of an important national facility organized under the previous Article 5 (1) 2 and paragraph (5) of the same Article before this Decree enters into force has less than nine persons at the time this Decree enters into force, notwithstanding Article 9 (2), the head of the relevant important national facility may request the head of the competent regional office of military manpower to disband the aforesaid workplace reserved force from the date on which this Decree enters into force.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 26736, Dec. 22, 2015>
This Decree shall enter into force on December 31, 2015.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 27619, Nov. 29, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 22 (1) shall enter into force on March 1, 2017.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Amount of Compensation for Business Suspension)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 22 (1), where a cause for the payment of compensation for business suspension arises before March 1, 2017, the previous provisions shall apply.
Articles 3 and 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. Provided, That the provisions amending any Decree that was promulgated before this Decree enters into force but has yet to enter into force, among Presidential Decrees amended pursuant to Article 8 of the Addenda, shall enter into force on the respective date the relevant Decree enters into force.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.