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MUSEUM AND ART GALLERY SUPPORT ACT

Wholly Amended by Act No. 8347, Apr. 11, 2007

Amended by Act No. 8556, Jul. 27, 2007

Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008

Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009

Act No. 9763, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010

Act No. 10367, jun. 10, 2010

Act No. 12135, Dec. 20, 2013

Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014

Act No. 13966, Feb. 3, 2016

Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016

Act No. 15062, Nov. 28, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to developing culture, arts, and learning; enhancing the general public's enjoyment of culture; and facilitating lifelong education, by providing for matters necessary for the establishment and operation of museums and art galleries for the sound development of museums and art galleries. <Amended by Act No. 13966, Feb. 3, 2016>
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The definitions of the terms used in this Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Act No. 8556, Jul. 27, 2007; Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009; Act No. 13966, Feb. 3, 2016>
1. The term "museum" means a facility established to collect, manage, preserve, survey, research, exhibit, and educate material related to history, archaeology, human race, folklore, arts, fauna and flora, minerals, science, technology, industries, etc., in order to contribute to developing culture, arts, and learning; enhancing the general public's enjoyment of culture; and facilitating lifelong education;
2. The term "art gallery" means a facility established to collect, manage, preserve, survey, research, exhibit, and educate material related to arts, such as paintings, calligraphic works, sculptures, handicraft, architectural works, and photographs, among museums, in order to contribute to developing, culture and arts; enhancing the general public's enjoyment of culture; and facilitating lifelong education;
3. The term "museum material" means material that meet the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree, among material with a scientific or artistic value as evidential material, tangible or intangible, of human race and environment in relation to history, archaeology, human race, folklore, arts, fauna and flora, minerals, science, technology, industries, etc., which has been collected, managed, preserved, surveyed, researched, or exhibited in a museum;
4. The term "art gallery material" means material with a scientific or artistic value, among material related to arts, which has been collected, managed, preserved, surveyed, researched, or exhibited in an art gallery.
 Article 3 (Classification of Museums and Art Galleries)
(1) A museum shall be classified into any of the following categories, depending upon what the entity that established and operates the museum is;
1. National museum: A museum established and operated by the State;
2. Public museum: A museum established and operated by a local government;
3. Private museum: A museum established and operated by a legal entity or an organization established pursuant to the Civil Act, the Commercial Act, or other Special Act or a private individual;
4. University museum: A museum established and operated by a school established pursuant to the Higher Education Act or an educational institution established pursuant to another Act to provide a university curriculum.
(2) An art gallery shall be classified into a national art gallery, a public art gallery, a private art gallery, or a university art gallery, depending upon what the entity that established and operates the art gallery is, and paragraph (1) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the entity that established and operates an art gallery.
 Article 4 (Projects)
(1) A museum shall implement the following projects: <Amended by Act No. 8556, Jul. 27, 2007; Act No. 13966, Feb. 3, 2016>
1. Collecting, managing, preserving, and exhibiting museum material;
2. Providing education on museum material, and conducting professional and scientific surveys and research on museum material;
3. Conducting technical surveys and research on preservation, exhibition, etc. of museum material;
4. Holding various events related to museum material, such as lectures, lessons, movie presentations, symposiums, exhibitions, fairs, presentations, shows, explorations, and field surveys;
5. Reproducing museum material, and publishing and distributing various publications;
6. Cooperating in an organized manner with other domestic and foreign museums and art galleries, such as exchange of museum material, art gallery material, publications, programs, and information, and interchange of curators of museums and art galleries;
6-2. Hosting or encouraging various events concerning lifelong education;
7. Other projects necessary for achieving the objectives of establishment of museums.
(2) Paragraph (1) shall apply mutatis mutandis to projects of art galleries. In such cases, "museum material" in subparagraphs 1 through 5 shall be construed as "art gallery material", and "museums" in subparagraphs 6 and 7 as "art galleries."
 Article 5 (Scope of Application)
This Act shall apply to facilities specified by the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, among interpretive centers, archives of historical records, heritage centers, exhibition centers, expositions, local museums, education centers, archives, memorial centers, storages, folklore centers, folklore villages, cultural centers, art centers, cultural houses, outdoor exhibition parks, and other cultural facilities with a similar name and similar functions: Provided, That facilities registered pursuant to any other Act shall be excluded herefrom. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
 Article 6 (Curators of Museums and Art Galleries)
(1) Each museum and art gallery may employ curators who shall take charge of business activities of the museum or art gallery pursuant to Article 4 (hereinafter referred to as "curators"), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Curators shall be classified into Grade I curators, Grade II curators, Grade III curators, and assistant curators, and matters necessary for the method and procedure for the implementation of the qualification system shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) A person who intends to obtain qualification of curator under paragraph (2) shall request the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism to examine his/her qualifications and issue a certificate of qualification after satisfying the qualification requirements prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as working experience related to the performance of the curator's duties. In this regard, a person who intends to obtain qualification of assistant curator shall pass the examination for assistant curators executed by the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12135, Dec. 30, 2013>
(4) A person who intends to take an examination for assistant curators under paragraph (3) shall pay an examination fee, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12135, Dec. 30, 2013>
(5) Curators shall observe the code of ethics of the International Council of Museums and international agreements. <Amended by Act No. 12135, Dec. 30, 2013>
 Article 7 (Steering Committee)
(1) Each national or public museum and art gallery registered pursuant to Article 16 (including each regional branch museum and art gallery) shall establish a steering committee within the museum or art gallery for the enhancement of expertise and efficient operation and business rationalization as a public facility.
(2) Matters necessary for the composition and operation of the steering committee shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 8 (Donation of Property, etc.)
(1) Any legal entity or organization, established pursuant to the Civil Act, the Commercial Act, or any other Special Act, and any private individual may make a contribution or donation (hereinafter referred to as “donation, etc.”) of money, real property, and property worthy of collections of museums or art galleries (hereinafter referred to as “gift”) to a museum or art gallery to support the installation of facilities in a museum or art gallery, the increase of museum material or art gallery material, or the establishment and operation of a museum or art gallery. <Amended by Act No. 12135, Dec. 30, 2013; Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(2) Where the head of a museum or art gallery intends to receive a gift, he/she shall establish a gift-receipt deliberation committee to determine whether to receive the gift. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(3) Where the legal entity, organization, or private individual prescribed in paragraph (1) donates a gift to a national museum or national art gallery and applies for appraisal of the gift, the head of the national museum or national art gallery may establish a donated heritage appraisal committee to conduct an appraisal. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(4) Organizational structures and operation of a gift-receipt deliberation committee and a donated heritage appraisal committee and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(5) Where a museum or art gallery established by the State or a local government is provided with any donation, etc. under paragraph (1), it may receive such donation, etc., notwithstanding the Act on Collection and Use of Donations. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12135, Dec. 30, 2013>
(6) Procedures, methods of administration and operation, etc. of the donation, etc. under paragraphs (1) and (5), shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
 Article 9 (Establishment of Policy on Support to Museums and Art Galleries)
(1) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism shall establish and enforce a basic policy on support to museums and art galleries so as to expand national and public museums and art galleries, support and foster museums and art galleries to make them core cultural facilities in each community, and train curators. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
(2) The head of the central administrative agency, who is responsible for the establishment and operation of national museums and art galleries, shall establish and implement a plan for support to museums and art galleries under his/her jurisdiction in accordance with the basic policy under paragraph (1).
(3) The head of each local government shall establish and implement a plan for support to museums and art galleries under the jurisdiction of the local government in accordance with the basic policy under paragraph (1).
 Article 9-2 (Principles for Collection, etc. of Materials by Museums and Art Galleries)
(1) A museum or art gallery shall faithfully prepare and maintain a list of its materials as well as the records on the collection of, changes to, and uses of such materials.
(2) A museum or art gallery shall secure professionals and exhibition environment suitable for the proper preservation and management thereof.
(3) The list of the materials owned by a museum or art gallery and maintenance methods prescribed in paragraph (1) and matters necessary for the preservation and management of its collection prescribed in paragraph (2) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15062, Nov. 28, 2017]
CHAPTER II NATIONAL MUSEUMS AND NATIONAL ART GALLERIES
 Article 10 (Establishment and Operation)
(1) The National Museum of Korea and the National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea shall be established under the control of the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism as the respective museum and art gallery that represent the Republic of Korea. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
(2) The National Folk Museum of Korea shall be established under the control of the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism for the collection, preservation, and exhibition of folklore material and systematic surveying and research on such material. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
(3) The National Museum of Korea shall conduct the following business affairs in addition to business activities under Article 4 (1): <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
1. Preservation and management of domestic and overseas cultural heritages;
2. Systematic preservation and management of domestic and overseas museum material;
3. Guidance, assistance, and cooperation in business of other domestic museums;
4. Formation and operation of cooperation networks with domestic museums;
5. Other business affairs necessary to perform functions as the representative museum of the Republic of Korea.
(4) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism may establish regional museums and regional art galleries of the National Museum of Korea, the National Folk Museum of Korea, and the National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea at places necessary for the balanced and efficient collection, preservation, surveying, research, and exhibition of cultural heritages and the balanced enhancement of enjoyment of culture. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
(5) The National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea shall conduct business affairs under subparagraphs of paragraph (3) in addition to business activities under Article 4 (1). In such cases, "museum" in each subparagraph shall be construed as "art gallery".
(6) The National Folk Museum of Korea shall conduct business affairs under subparagraphs of paragraph (3) with regard to folklore in addition to business activities under Article 4 (1). In such cases, "museum" in each subparagraph shall be construed as "folk museum".
(7) Matters necessary for the organization and operation of the National Museum of Korea, the National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea and the National Folk Museum of Korea shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(8) The National Museum of Korea shall have one Director, who shall be a public official in political service.
 Article 11 (Consultation on Establishment)
(1) The head of a central administrative agency who intends to establish a national museum or a national art gallery in connection with affairs under his/her jurisdiction shall consult with the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism in advance. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
(2) Matters necessary for consultation under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER III PUBLIC MUSEUMS AND PUBLIC ART GALLERIES
 Article 12 (Establishment and Operation)
(1) Each local government may establish museums and art galleries in accordance with the procedure and guidelines prescribed by Presidential Decree for the purchasing, management, preservation, exhibition of museum material and art gallery material in local communities, the development of local culture, and the enhancement of local residents' enjoyment of culture.
(2) Matters necessary for the operation of museums and art galleries under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by ordinance of each local government.
 Article 12-2 (Preliminary Feasibility Study for Establishment of Public Museums and Public Art Galleries)
(1) Where the head of a local government intends to establish a public museum or public art gallery prescribed in Article 3 (1) 2 and paragraph (2) of the same Article, he/she shall in advance formulate a plan for establishment and operation of the public museum or public art gallery, and shall have the plan undergo a preliminary feasibility study for the establishment thereof (hereinafter referred to as “preliminary feasibility study”) by the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism. <Amended by Act No. 15062, Nov. 28, 2017>
(2) Matters regarding the procedures, methods, etc. of conducting preliminary feasibility study shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016]
CHAPTER IV PRIVATE MUSEUMS AND PRIVATE ART GALLERIES
 Article 13 (Establishment and Fostering)
(1) Any legal entity, organization, or private individual may establish a museum or art gallery. <Amended by Act No. 8556, Jul. 27, 2007>
(2) The State or a local government shall assist in establishing a museum or art gallery under paragraph (1) and support and foster the museum or art gallery so as to develop it as cultural infrastructure for the preservation, inheritance, and advancement of cultural heritages and the enhancement of enjoyment of culture.
(3) Private museums and private art galleries shall be established and operated in conformity with the purpose and functions under Articles 1 and 2.
CHAPTER V UNIVERSITY MUSEUMS AND UNIVERSITY ART GALLERIES
 Article 14 (Establishment and Operation)
(1) A school established pursuant to the Higher Education act or an educational institution established pursuant to any other Act to provide a university curriculum may establish a university museum and a university art gallery as educational support facilities.
(2) University museums and university art galleries shall be valued as educational support facilities important to universities.
(3) University museums and university art galleries shall be supported and fostered so that museum material and art gallery material can be preserved and managed efficiently and utilized as educational and scientific material.
 Article 15 (Business Affairs)
University museums and university art galleries shall conduct the following business affairs in addition to activities under Article 4 (1);
1. Collection, arrangement, management, preservation, and exhibition of museum material or art gallery material necessary for research and educational activities of professors and students;
2. Scientific surveying and research on museum material or art gallery material;
3. Efficient support to curriculum;
4. Support to local cultural activities and social and cultural education;
5. Exchange and cooperation with national and public museums and art galleries and other museums and art galleries;
6. Systematic guidance for the use of museums and art galleries;
7. Other business affairs necessary in performing functions as educational support facilities.
CHAPTER VI REGISTRATION
 Article 16 (Registration, etc.)
(1) A person, who intends to establish and operate a museum or art gallery, shall be equipped with curators, museum material or art gallery material, and facilities necessary to achieve the objectives of its establishment and shall file an application for registration with the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism, if it is a national museum or national art gallery, or with the Special Metropolitan City Mayor or the competent Metropolitan City Mayor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, Do Governor, or Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as the "Mayor/Do Governor"), if it is a public museum or public art gallery, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That a private or college museum or a private or college art gallery may be registered with the competent Mayor/Do Governor. <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009; Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(2) A person who intends to file an application for registration pursuant to paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as “applicant”), shall satisfy the requirements prescribed by Presidential Decree and file his/her application for registration no later than the opening of a museum or art gallery. <Amended by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(3) Where the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor receives an application for registration prescribed in paragraph (2), he/she shall deliberate on the application for registration within 40 days from the date of filing the application and shall notify the applicant of results of the deliberation. <Amended by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(4) Matters necessary for the procedures, methods, etc. of registration and deliberation under paragraph (3), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
 Article 17 (Certificate of Registration and Registration Mark)
(1) When the results of deliberation on an application for registration under Article 16 (3) is finally determined, the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor shall specify matters of requirement on the original registry of the museum or art gallery and shall issue a certificate of registration of a museum or art gallery (hereinafter referred to “certificate of registration”) to the applicant, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. <Amended by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(2) Any museum or art gallery having received a certificate of registration (hereinafter referred to as “registered museum or art gallery”) shall, for the sake of convenient use of the museum or art gallery by the general public, place a registration mark on outdoor signs, various documents, advertising materials, the website of the museum or art gallery, etc., as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
 Article 17-2 (Registration of Alterations)
(1) If any registered matter is altered, the registered museum or art gallery shall, without delay, file its application for registration of alterations with the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the competent Mayor/Do Governor, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Matters necessary for the scope of permissible alterations, procedures for registration of alterations, etc. under paragraph (1), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Upon making the registration of alteration under paragraph (1) or (2), where any altered matters fail to meet the requirements of registration prescribed by Presidential Decree or fail to comply with the permissible scope and procedures under paragraph (2), the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the competent Mayor/Do Governor shall request for rectification in accordance with Article 28.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016]
 Article 17-3 (Notification of Registration)
Where a museum or art gallery is newly registered or its registration is altered, the competent Mayor/Do Governor shall biannually notify the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism of the new or altered registration.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016]
 Article 18 (Approval of Plans for Establishment of Private Museums or Art Galleries)
(1) Upon receipt of an application from a person who intends to establish a private museum or art gallery, the competent Mayor/Do Governor may approve a plan for establishing the private museum or private art gallery, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Where a person who has obtained approval of an establishment plan under paragraph (1) intends to revise any important matter specified by Presidential Decree in the establishment plan, he/she shall obtain approval for such revision from the competent Mayor/Do Governor.
(3) Where the Mayor/Do Governor intends to approve an establishment plan or any revision thereto pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2), he/she shall consult in advance with the head of the administrative agency having jurisdiction over the matters specified in Article 20 (1).
(4) Where a person who has obtained approval of an establishment plan pursuant to paragraph (1) demonstrates very poor performance in implementing the project, the competent Mayor/Do Governor may cancel such approval, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) Where the Mayor/Do Governor approves an establishment plan or any revision thereto or cancel such approval pursuant to paragraph (1), (2), or (4), he/she shall immediately notify the agency with which consultation is held under paragraph (3) or the interested parties.
 Article 19 (Use of Idle Space)
(1) The head of a local government may change the purpose of use of the local government-owned idle real property or buildings into that of a local cultural space, such as a museum, art gallery, or house of culture, as prescribed by the Public Property and Commodity Management Act. <Amended by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(2) If a person who intends to establish and operate a museum, art gallery, or house of culture requests the head of a local government to lease any idle real property or building referred to in paragraph (1), the head of the local government may lease such idle real property or building with or without consideration: Provided, That the Special Act for the Promotion of Utilization of Abolished School Property shall apply to abolished school facilities among idle real property or buildings referred to in paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
 Article 20 (Relationship to Other Acts)
(1) Where the competent Mayor/Do Governor, who has completed consultation with the head of the competent administrative agency with regard to any of the following matters pursuant to Article 18 (3), approves a plan for establishing a private museum or private art gallery or approves any revision thereto pursuant to Article 18 (1) or (2), the corresponding permission, authorization, designation, reporting, or consultation (hereafter referred to in this Article, as "permission or authorization") shall be deemed granted, made, or completed: <Amended by Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008; Act No. 9763, Jun. 9, 2009; Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010; Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
1. Permission for development activities under Article 56 (1) 1 or 2 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act, designation of a project implementer for urban planning facilities under Article 86 of the aforesaid Act, or authorization of an implementation plan under Article 88 of the aforesaid Act;
2. Permission for implementing road projects or maintaining roads under Article 36 of the Road Act, or permission for occupying and using roads under Article 61 of the aforesaid Act;
3. Authorization for private-use waterworks under Article 52 of the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act;
4. Permission for implementing public sewerage system projects or maintaining public sewerage systems under Article 16 of the Sewerage Act;
5. Permission for, or consultation on, the diversion of farmland under Article 34 of the Farmland Act;
6. Permission for, and reporting on, the diversion of mountainous districts under Articles 14 and 15 of the Mountainous Districts Management Act; permission for, and reporting on, temporarily using mountainous districts under Article 15-2 of the aforesaid Act; permission for, and reporting on, cutting standing trees under Article 36 (1) and (4) of the Creation and Management of Forest Resources Act; permission for, and reporting on, conducting activities within a forest conservation zone (excluding a forest genetic resources protection zone) under Article 9 (1) and (2) 1 and 2 of the Forest Protection Act; and cancellation of designation of a forest conservation zone under Article 11 (1) 1 of the aforesaid Act.
(2) Where a person, who has obtained approval of a plan for establishing a private museum or private art gallery pursuant to Article 18 (1), revises the approved purpose of use to any other purpose or files a closure report pursuant to Article 22, or his/her registration has been cancelled pursuant to Article 29, the permission or authorization referred to in paragraph (1) shall be deemed cancelled. <Amended by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
(3) Upon receipt of a request for consultation pursuant to paragraph (1), the head of the competent administrative agency shall not accept such request for consultation in violation of guidelines for permission or authorization provided for in relevant Acts.
CHAPTER VII MANAGEMENT, OPERATION, AND SUPPORT
 Article 21 (Open to Public)
A museum or art gallery registered pursuant to Article 16 (1) shall be open so that the general public can use it for not less than the number of days per year specified by Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
 Article 22 (Closure Report)
(1) If a person who operates a registered museum or art gallery intends to close it down, he/she shall file a report, accompanied by the plans for disposing of the facilities and materials of such museum or art gallery, with the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009; Act No. 15062, Nov. 28, 2017>
(2) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor shall, upon receiving a report under paragraph (1), cancel the relevant registration. <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
 Article 23 (Transfer, etc. of Material)
(1) A museum or art gallery may exchange, transfer, or lend museum material or art gallery material with or to another museum or art gallery or entrust another museum or art gallery with safekeeping of such material.
(2) The State or a local government may transfer or lend material that can be utilized as museum material or art gallery material to a museum or art gallery for or without consideration or entrust with a museum or art gallery with safekeeping of such material pursuant to the State Property Act, the Local Finance Act, or the Commodity Management Act.
(3) A museum or art gallery that borrows museum material or art gallery material or to whom safekeeping of such material is entrusted pursuant to paragraph (2) shall exercise due care as a good fiduciary.
(4) The State or a local government may, when it entrusts safekeeping of material pursuant to paragraph (2), subsidize, within the budget, expenses incurred in preservation, treatment, and management of such material.
 Article 24 (Subsidization of Expenses, etc.)
(1) The State or a local government may subsidize, within the budget, expenses incurred in establishing a private museum or private art gallery to a person who has obtained approval of the plan for establishing the private museum or private art gallery pursuant to Article 18 (1); or operational expenses to a registered museum or registered art gallery, respectively.
(2) The Government may discount, abate, or exempt freight or any other fare for transportation of museum material or art gallery material by any government-run transportation means.
(3) Facilities to which expenses incurred in their establishment or operation have been subsidized pursuant to any other Act may be excluded from those eligible for subsidization under paragraph (1) or (2). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
 Article 25 (Admission Fees and Service Charges)
(1) A museum or art gallery may charge admission fees or any other consideration for the use of museum material or art gallery material.
(2) Admission fees of a public museum or public art gallery and other consideration for the use of such museum material or such art gallery material shall be prescribed by ordinance of each local government.
CHAPTER VIII EVALUATION, GUIDANCE, AND SUPERVISION
 Article 26 (Evaluation and Certification of Museums and Art Galleries)
(1) To improve the operational quality of museums and art galleries, the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism shall evaluate national or public museums and art galleries for which three years have elapsed since they were registered pursuant to Article 16.
(2) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism shall publicly announce the results of evaluation under paragraph (1), as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and may request the head of the relevant administrative agency to provide cooperation, such as reflecting the results of evaluation in the administrative agency’s evaluation of the relevant national or public museums and art galleries.
(3) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism may certify exemplary museums and art galleries, based on the results of evaluation under paragraph (1).
(4) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism shall issue a certification to the museum or art gallery certified pursuant to paragraph (3) (hereinafter referred to as “certified museum or art gallery”) and shall publicly announce such certification, etc., as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
(5) Matters necessary for the conducting of evaluation; the standards and procedures for, and methods of, evaluation and certification; the term of validity of certification; and the certification mark, etc.; pursuant to paragraphs (1), (3), and (4); shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016]
 Article 27 (Cancellation of Certification of Museums or Art Galleries)
(1) Where a museum or art gallery certified under Article 26 (3) falls under any of the following, the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism may cancel the certification:
1. Where a museum or art gallery is certified by fraud or other improper means;
2. Where registration of a museum or art gallery is canceled under Article 29 (1) and/or the closure thereof is reported under Article 22;
3. Where the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism deems that it is impracticable for a museum or art gallery to continue to meet the certification requirements.
(2) Where the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism cancels the certification pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall publicly announce such cancellation.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016]
 Article 28 (Request for Rectification and Suspension of Operation)
(1) Where a museum or art gallery violates this Act or performs any activity in contravention of the objectives of its establishment with regard to its facilities, management, or operation, the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor may request for rectification. <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
(2) A museum or art gallery in receipt of a request for rectification under paragraph (1), shall comply with such request, except in extenuating circumstances.
(3) Where a museum or art gallery fails to comply with a request made pursuant to paragraph (1) for rectification without just cause, the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor may order it to suspend its operations for a period of up to six months. <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
(4) Where the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor deems it necessary to request for rectification pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she may require a museum or art gallery to submit data regarding its facilities, management, and operation. <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
 Article 29 (Cancellation of Registration)
(1) Where a registered museum or art gallery falls under any of the following, the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor may cancel the registration: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where a museum or art gallery falls under subparagraph 3 due to a natural disaster or any other unavoidable event or cause, and such event or cause ceases to exist within six months: <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009; Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
1. Where a museum or art gallery is registered by fraud or other improper means;
2. Where a museum or art gallery fails to file for registration of any alteration under Article 17-2;
3. Where a museum or art gallery is deemed impracticable to implement the projects referred to in Article 4 due to a failure to satisfy the requirements for registration specified in Article 16 (2);
4. Where a museum or art gallery fails to comply with a request for rectification under Article 28 (1), in violation of Article 21;
5. Where a museum or art gallery fails to suspend its operation, in contravention with an order of suspension under Article 28 (3);
6. Where a museum or art gallery acquires, arranges referral or brokerage of, or manages museum material or art gallery material, in contravention with the objectives of its establishment under this Act.
(2) The representative of a museum or art gallery shall return the certificate of registration to the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the competent Mayor/Do Governor within seven days from the date registration of the museum or art gallery is cancelled pursuant to paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
(3) Where the registration of a museum or art gallery is cancelled pursuant to paragraph (1), the museum or art gallery shall be disqualified from being re-registered within two years from the date of cancellation.
 Article 30 (Reporting)
(1) The head of a national museum or art gallery registered pursuant to Article 16 or the Mayor/Do Governor, shall submit an annual report on the operation status of the national museum or art gallery or the registered museums and art galleries under the jurisdiction of the Mayor/Do Governor, including the management and operation, admission fee and service charge, and guidance and supervision, to the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism not later than January 20 of the following year, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
(2) Where the Mayor/Do Governor registers a museum or art gallery pursuant to Article 16 or cancels such registration pursuant to Article 22 (2) or 29 (1), he/she shall submit a report thereon to the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism within seven days from the date of such registration or cancellation. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
 Article 31 (Hearings)
Where the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the Mayor/Do Governor intends to take any of the following measures, he/she shall hold a hearing: <Amended by Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009; Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
1. Cancelling approval of an establishment plan under Article 18 (4);
2. Issuing an order of suspension of operation under Article 28 (3);
3. Cancelling registration under Article 29 (1).
CHAPTER IX CONSULTATION, AND COOPERATION, ETC. FOR OPERATION
 Article 32 (Consultation on Important Matters)
(1) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism may consult with the Cultural Heritage Committee established pursuant to Article 8 of the Cultural Heritage Protection Act, if necessary for the following matters: <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 12135, Dec. 30, 2013>
1. The basic policy for the promotion of museums and art galleries under Article 9 (1);
2. Matters concerning consultation with heads of related central administrative agencies under Article 11;
3. Other matters deemed necessary to consult on the promotion of museums or art galleries.
(2) The Mayor/Do Governor may consult on the following matters with the relevant City/Do Cultural Heritage Committee established pursuant to Article 71 (1) of the Cultural Heritage Protection Act or the association of museums or the association of art galleries established pursuant to Article 34 (1): <Amended by Act No. 12135, Dec. 30, 2013; Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
1. Plans for promoting museums and art galleries under Article 9 (3);
2. Matters concerning registration of museums or art galleries or the cancellation of such registration;
3. Matters concerning approval of a plan for establishing private museums or art galleries under Article 18;
4. Matters concerning directions of providing support to private museums or private art galleries and the evaluation of support projects;
5. Other matters deemed necessary to consult on the promotion of museums or art galleries.
 Article 33 (Cooperative Network of Museums and Art Galleries)
(1) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism shall organize a cooperative network of museums and art galleries performing the following functions (hereinafter referred to as "cooperative network") as a cooperative system for promoting the efficient circulation, management, and use of data regarding museums and art galleries and the mutual cooperation of various museums and art galleries: <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
1. Distributing information and data through an electronic information system;
2. Facilitating standardization of arrangement and information processing of museum material or art gallery material, and facilities for such works;
3. Facilitating informatization and efficient operation of museums or art galleries, such as creating integrated database and establishing a mutual lending system;
4. Other matters concerning mutual cooperation among museums or art galleries.
(2) Each museum or art gallery shall cooperate with other cultural facilities, such as cultural institutes, libraries, and culture and art centers established pursuant to the Promotion of Local Cultural Institutes Act, the Libraries Act, or the Culture and Arts Promotion Act in order to achieve the objectives of its establishment.
(3) Matters necessary for the organization and operation of the cooperation network shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 34 (Associations)
(1) The Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism may permit the establishment of an association of museums or an association of art galleries (hereinafter referred to as "association") in the form of a corporate entity, respectively if necessary for exchange of information and data of museums or art galleries; business cooperation; research on management, operation, etc. of museums or art galleries; exchange with foreign museums or art galleries; and improvement of job skills of workers in museums or art galleries. <Amended by Act No. 8556, Jul. 27, 2007; Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
(2) The State may subsidize expenses incurred in operating the associations referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, the provisions governing incorporated associations in the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the associations.
 Article 35 (Establishment of the Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea)
(1) The Government shall establish the Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea (hereinafter referred to as the "Cultural Foundation") in order to preserve and inherit cultural heritage; to facilitate the use thereof; and to encourage the general public to enjoy culture.
(2) The Cultural Foundation shall be a corporate entity.
(3) The Cultural Foundation shall have executive officers and necessary employees prescribed by its articles of incorporation.
(4) The Cultural Foundation shall engage in the following affairs:
1. Operating concert halls of the National Museum;
2. Developing and disseminating cultural and artistic creation;
3. Developing, manufacturing and disseminating cultural tourism packages;
4. Operating shops for cultural products, stores for food and beverages, and other conveniences;
5. Affairs entrusted by the State, local governments, public institutions, etc.;
6. Other affairs necessary to achieve the objectives of the establishment of the Cultural Foundation.
(5) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, the provisions governing incorporated foundations in the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Cultural Foundation.
(6) The Government may grant financial support necessary for the projects and operation of the Cultural Foundation, within the budget.
(7) Where deemed necessary for the projects of the Cultural Foundation, the Government may lend State-owned property gratuitously to the Cultural Foundation or allow it to use or profit therefrom, notwithstanding the State Property Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10367, Jun. 10, 2010]
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 20 (1) 4 shall enter into force on September 28, 2007.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Enforcement Date)
By the time the amended provisions of Article 20 (1) 4 enter into force pursuant to the proviso to Article 1 of the Addenda, the previous Article 20 (1) 4 corresponding thereto shall apply.
Article 3 (General Transitional Measures concerning Dispositions, etc.)
Activities by or in relation to administrative agencies pursuant to the previous provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed activities by or in relation to administrative agencies pursuant to this Act corresponding thereto.
Article 4 Omitted.
Article 5 (Relationship to Other Statutes)
A citation of a provision of the previous Museum and Art Gallery Support Act in force at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed a citation of this Act or the corresponding provision hereof in lieu of the previous provision, if such corresponding provision exists herein.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 8556, Jul, 27, 2007>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9471, Mar. 5, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Application Scope of Act)
(1) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Articles 5 and 24, museums or art galleries registered pursuant to the previous Article 16 among facilities registered pursuant to other Acts as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed museums or art galleries under this Act for six months from the date this Act enters into force, and support such as expense subsidies under the previous Article 24 may be granted to such facilities.
(2) In regard to facilities, of which the registration under other Acts has not been cancelled by the time six months pass from the date this Act enters into force, from among museums or art galleries registered pursuant to the previous Article 16, the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the relevant Mayor/Do Governor shall ex officio cancel the registration under this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9763, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force nine months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 13 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10367, Jun. 10, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning the Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea)
(1) The Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea, which is an incorporated foundation established with permission from the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism pursuant to Article 32 of the Civil Act as at the time this Act enters into force shall prepare its articles of incorporation in accordance with this Act within one month after this Act enters into force and obtain authorization therefor from the Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
(2) Where the Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea obtains authorization under paragraph (1), it shall register its incorporation as a cultural foundation pursuant to this Act.
(3) Where the Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea completes the registration of incorporation pursuant to paragraph (2), it shall be deemed dissolved, notwithstanding the provisions governing the dissolution and liquidation of corporations in the Civil Act.
(4) The Cultural Foundation under this Act shall succeed to all rights and responsibilities and property status of the Cultural Foundation of National Museum of Korea on the date of incorporation registration.
(5) Executive officers and employees, including the chairperson of the board, as at the time this Act enters into force, shall be deemed executive officers and employees of the Cultural Foundation under this Act and the term of office for executive officers shall be reckoned from the previous date of appointment.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12135, Dec. 30, 2013>
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 25 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13966, Feb. 3, 2016>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14204, May 29, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Registration of National or Public Museums and Art Galleries)
National or public museums and art galleries which are established, but not yet registered as at the time this Act enters into force, shall be registered pursuant to the amended provisions of Article 16 within one year from the date this Act enters into force.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 15062, Nov. 28, 2017>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.