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WATER SUPPLY AND WATERWORKS INSTALLATION ACT

Wholly Amended by Act No. 8370, Apr. 11, 2007

Amended by Act No. 8466, May 17, 2007

Act No. 8820, Dec. 27, 2007

Act No. 8819, Dec. 27, 2007

Act No. 8805, Dec. 27, 2007

Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008

Act No. 9401, Jan. 30, 2009

Act No. 9774, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010

Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010

Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010

Act No. 10359, jun. 8, 2010

Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011

Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011

Act No. 11020, Aug. 4, 2011

Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 11862, jun. 4, 2013

Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013

Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014

Act No. 12518, Mar. 24, 2014

Act No. 12738, jun. 3, 2014

Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014

Act No. 13166, Feb. 3, 2015

Act No. 13529, Dec. 1, 2015

Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016

Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to improve public sanitation and thereby contribute to the improvement of a living environment by means of the development of a comprehensive plan for water supply and waterworks installation and, at the same time, the appropriate and reasonable installation and management of waterworks.
 Article 2 (Responsibilities)
(1) In order to provide all citizens with high-quality water, the State shall formulate a comprehensive plan for water supply and waterworks installation, formulate reasonable measures thereof, and endeavor to supply financial and technical support to waterworks business operators.
(2) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Do Governor or the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as the "Mayor/Do Governor"), and the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (referring to the head of an autonomous Gu; hereinafter the same shall apply) shall endeavor to manage water sources in order to supply residents in their jurisdictional areas with the water of good quality. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(3) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province and the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) shall endeavor to manage the waterworks in order to supply residents in their jurisdictional areas with tap water in a sustainable manner and the Do Governor shall technically and financially support waterworks business operators under his/her jurisdictional areas. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(4) Any waterworks business operator shall maintain waterworks systematically, manage waterworks business rationally and endeavor to supply tap-water safely and appropriately.
(5) All citizens shall cooperate with measures concerning the water supply and waterworks installation initiated and executed by the State, and contribute to the universal supply of tap water.
(6) The State, local governments and waterworks business operators shall contribute to the universal supply of tap water to all citizens, including the poor strata. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
 Article 3 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
1. The term "raw water" means natural water that is provided for drinking or industrial purposes: Provided, That the water for agricultural and fishing villages under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Rearrangement of Agricultural and Fishing Villages Act shall be excluded; but such water shall be deemed raw water, where the Minister of Environment determines to use such water as raw water in consultation with the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs or the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries in an emergency, such as a drought, as prescribed by Presidential Decree;
2. The term "water source" means the rivers, lakes, marshes, groundwater, seawater, etc. within an area where water intake facilities are installed so that the water for drinking or industrial purposes can be supplied;
3. The term "wide-area water source" means water source which supplies the water to two local governments or more;
4. The term "processed water" means water that is properly treated for drinking or industrial use;
5. The term "waterworks" means the whole of facilities with pipelinesand other constructions for providing the raw water or processed water, and it is divided into "general waterworks", "industrial waterworks", and "exclusive waterworks": Provided, That the waterworks installed for temporary purposes and agricultural infrastructure referred to in subparagraph 6 of Article 2 of the Rearrangement of Agricultural and Fishing Villages Act shall be excluded herefrom;
6. The term "general waterworks" means the wide-area waterworks, local waterworks, and village waterworks;
7. The term "wide-area waterworks" means the general waterworks that is operated by the State, a local government, the Korea Water Resources Corporation, or a person that is authorized by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to provide raw or purified water to two or more local governments (including where water is supplied to general consumers pursuant to Article 43 (4)). In such cases, the scope of the wide-area waterworks that may be installed by the State or a local government shall be determined by Presidential Decree;
8. The term "local waterworks" means the general waterworks, excluding the wide-area waterworks and the village waterworks, which is operated by a local government to provide the raw or processed water to its own residents, its neighboring local governments or their residents;
9. The term "village waterworks" means the waterworks prescribed by Presidential Decree, which is operated by the local government to provide the processed water of not less than 20 but less than 500㎥ a day to not less than 100 but not more than 2500 persons or any waterworks corresponding thereto, which is designated by the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province and the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City);
10. The term "industrial waterworks" means the waterworks which is operated by industrial waterworks business operators to provide the raw or processed water properly treated for industrial use;
11. The term "exclusive waterworks" means the private-use waterworks and private-use industrial waterworks;
12. The term "private-use waterworks" means the waterworks for private use in dormitories, company housing quarters, sanatoriums, or other institutions which accommodate at least 100 persons, and the waterworks, other than those for waterworks business operators, which provide the raw or purified water to at least 100 but not more than 5,000 persons (including the migratory population of schools, churches, etc.): Provided, That waterworks in whose case daily water supply volume and the scale of their facilities fall short of the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree, among waterworks that supply water only from another waterworks, shall be excluded herefrom;
13. The term "private-use industrial waterworks" means the waterworks, other than those operated by waterworks business operators, which provides the raw or processed water that is properly treated for industrial use: Provided, That waterworks for the supply of water only from another waterworks shall be excluded herefrom, where daily water supply volume of the waterworks and the scale of its facilities do not meet the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree;
14. The term "small water supply system" means any water supply system designated by the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province and the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) which supplies water for a population of less than 100 persons or supply water less than 20㎥ a day, and which is jointly installed and managed by residents;
15. Deleted; <by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
16. Deleted; <by Act No. 10359, Jun. 8, 2010>
17. The term "waterworks facilities" means the water intake facilities, the water reservation facilities, the raw-water conveyance facilities, the water purification facilities, the processed-water conveyance facilities, the drainage facilities, the final-stage water supply facilities, and other waterworks for the purpose of providing the natural or processed water;
18. The term "waterworks business" means the business, the purpose of which is to provide, by means of the waterworks, the natural or processed water to general consumers or other waterworks business operators, and it shall be divided into the general waterworks business and the industrial waterworks business;
19. The term "general waterworks business" means the business, the purpose of which is to provide, by means of the general waterworks, the natural or processed water to general consumers or other waterworks business operators;
20. The term "industrial waterworks business" means the business, the purpose of which is to provide, by means of the industrial waterworks, the raw or processed water to general consumers or other waterworks business operators;
21. The term "waterworks business operators" means the general waterworks business operators and the industrial waterworks business operators;
22. The term "general waterworks business operator" means a person that runs the general waterworks business after having obtained permission under Article 17 (1);
23. The term "industrial waterworks business operator" means a person that runs the industrial waterworks business after having obtained permission under Article 49 (1);
24. The term "final-stage water supply facilities" means the water-supply pipes (including indoor water-supply pipes), the water meter, the water tank, the tap and other water supply equipment connected to the water supply pipes which a waterworks business operator has installed to provide the raw or processed water to general consumers;
25. The term "waterworks construction works" means the construction works, the purpose of which is to newly install, enlarge or increase, or remodel the waterworks;
26. The term "waterworks management right" means the right to manage and maintain the waterworks and to impose on and collect from the beneficiaries of the waterworks service charges for the raw and processed water produced from the waterworks;
27. The term "renovation" means the restoration of the water-flow functions of pipes by coating the pipes after removing rusts and impurities from such pipes;
28. The term "certified operation manager of water-purification facilities" means a person that is in charge of the operation and management of water-purification facilities after having acquired a certificate of qualifications provided in Article 24;
29. The term "water-using appliances" means appliances that use water supplied through water supply facilities, such as an electric washing machine and dishwasher;
30. The term "water-saving fixtures" means fixtures prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, such as a faucet and toilet that is manufactured to meet standards established by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment to help people reduce water use;
31. The term "water-saving devices" means devices additionally fixed on fixtures prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, such as a faucet and toilet, to meet the standards established by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment to help people reduce water use;
32. The term "seawater desalination facilities" means water supply facilities that draw seawater or ground water containing salt due to the infiltration of seawater and desalinate such water to supply purified water.
 Article 4 (Formulation of Basic Plans for Waterworks Installation and Management)
(1) To install and manage general waterworks and industrial waterworks in a proper and reasonable manner, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of each Metropolitan City, the Mayor of each Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of each Special Self-Governing Province, and the head of each Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun within a Metropolitan City) shall formulate a comprehensive basic plan for waterworks installation and management (hereinafter referred to as "basic plan for waterworks installation and management") every ten years, according to the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall formulate a basic plan for waterworks installation and management for wide-area waterworks and industrial waterworks that are installed and managed by the State or the Korea Water Resources Corporation;
2. The Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province and the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) shall formulate a basic plan for waterworks installation and management for the general waterworks and the industrial waterworks which are installed and managed by the relevant Special Metropolitan City, Metropolitan City, Special Self-Governing City, Special Self-Governing Province and Si/Gun.
(2) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to formulate a basic plan for waterworks installation and management pursuant to paragraph (1) 1, he/she shall collect the opinions from Mayors/Do Governors and consult with the heads of related central administrative agencies. The same shall also apply where the Minister intends to amend (excluding the amendment of minor matters prescribed by Presidential Decree) any of the basic plan for waterworks installation and management that is already formulated. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Where the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province, or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) intends to formulate a basic plan for waterworks installation and management, he/she shall obtain prior approval for general waterworks from the Minister of Environment and for industrial waterworks from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, respectively. Such approval shall be obtained, respectively, when any important matter prescribed by Presidential Decree intends to be amended. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province, or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun within a Metropolitan City) intends to formulate or amend a basic plan for waterworks installation and management pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (3), he/she shall make it conform to the relevant urban/Gun master plan under Article 18 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(5) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province, or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun within a Metropolitan City) formulates or amends a basic plan for waterworks installation and management pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (3), he/she shall give public notice thereof without delay and notify the Minister of Environment of the details thereof. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(6) Where any waterworks extends over two or more Special Metropolitan Cities, Metropolitan Cities, Special Self-Governing Cities, Special Self-Governing Provinces, and Sis/Guns (excluding a Gun in a Metropolitan City) or where some special reasons exist, the Do Governor, the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) that is designated by Presidential Decree, shall formulate a basic plan for waterworks installation and management. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(7) A basic plan for waterworks installation and management shall include the following matters: <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. Basic guidelines for the installation and management of the waterworks (excluding the exclusive waterworks);
2. Matters concerning the mid and long-term supply of tap water;
3. Matters concerning the development of the wide-area water sources;
4. Matters concerning areas where the waterworks is to be installed and thereby tap water is to be supplied;
5. Securing necessary water sources, and the designation and management of water-source protection areas;
6. Arrangement, structure, and providing capacity of the waterworks (excluding the exclusive waterworks);
7. Securing necessary financial sources for the waterworks business and the priorities of the waterworks business;
8. Matters concerning the survey of the current status of water pipes and their upgrades and replacements;
9. Deleted; <by Act No. 10359, Jun. 8, 2010>
10. Matters concerning the integrated water-supply district in areas that need the connective operation of the wide-area waterworks and the local waterworks;
11. Matters concerning improvements in the quality of tap water;
12. Matters concerning the informatization of waterworks;
13. Matters necessary to upgrade waterworks according to the outcomes of the technical checkup provided in Article 74 (1);
14. Matters concerning the connective operation of local waterworks with the neighboring local government.
(8) Where the Minister of Environment or the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to grant approval under paragraph (3), he/she shall consult with each other thereon in advance. In such cases, where the Minister of Environment grants approval for a basic plan for installation and management of waterworks that includes industrial waterworks, after consulting with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, it shall be deemed that approval for the relevant industrial waterworks is obtained from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(9) Where five years elapse after a basic plan for waterworks installation and management is publicly announced pursuant to paragraph (5), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province, or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun within a Metropolitan City) shall review the validity of the basic plan for waterworks installation and management and shall reflect the outcomes therein. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 5 (Formulation of Comprehensive Plans for National Waterworks)
(1) The Minister of Environment shall formulate a comprehensive plan for national waterworks (hereinafter referred to as the "comprehensive plan" in this Article) based on a basic plan for waterworks installation and management every ten years for the systematic development of national waterworks policy, effective use of water and stable supply of tap water.
(2) Comprehensive plans shall include the following matters: <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. Matters concerning the conditions of water supply, such as population, industry and land;
2. Prospect for demand for tap water;
3. Objectives of water supply, and guidelines for waterworks;
4. Prospect for demand and a development plan for wide-area waterworks;
5. Prosepct for demand and a development plan for local waterworks;
6. Prospect for demand and a development plan for village waterworks;
7. Prospect for demand and a development plan for household water for agricultural and fishing villages;
8. Prospect for demand and a development plan for industrial waterworks;
9. Securing water sources and plans to develop alternative water sources;
10. A plan to improve existing waterworks;
11. Deleted; <by Act No. 10359, Jun. 8, 2010>
12. A plan to improve the management system of waterworks business;
13. A plan to advance waterworks technology;
14. Securing human resources specializing in waterworks, and education and training plans;
15. Investment in waterworks business and fund-raising plans;
16. Matters concerning improvements in the quality of tap water;
17. Matters concerning the informatization of waterworks;
18. Matters concerning the connective operation of waterworks.
(3) The Minister of Environment may request the head of a related central administrative agency, the Mayor/Do Governor, and the head of any related agency or organization to submit materials necessary for the formulation of a comprehensive plan.
(4) When intending to formulate a comprehensive plan, the Minister of Environment shall consult in advance with the head of a relevant central administrative agency, and the Mayor/Do Governor (hereinafter referred to as "head of the relevant agency" in this paragraph), and shall notify the head of the relevant agency of such plan.
(5) Where important matters in comprehensive plans are amended due to a change in the water-supply policy, etc., the Minister of Environment may request the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) to amend their basic plan for waterworks installation and management. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(6) The Minister of Environment shall review the feasibility of comprehensive plans and revise it accordingly when five years have passed since formulation of the comprehensive plan.
(7) Where the Minister of Environment has formulated a comprehensive plan pursuant to paragraph (1) or has revised a comprehensive plan pursuant to paragraph (6), he/she shall disclose such comprehensive plan without delay through the web-site of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
 Article 6 (Implementation of Water-Demand Control Target System)
(1) To enhance the efficiency of waterworks services and to strengthen the control of demand for tap water, a Mayor/Do Governor shall set a target of water-demand control for each Si/Gun/Gu (referring to an autonomous Gu; hereinafter the same shall apply) within his/her jurisdiction, taking into account the appropriate water consumption per capita, and shall also formulate a comprehensive plan (hereinafter referred to as "comprehensive plan" in this Article) every five years to attain such target and obtain approval therefor from the Minister of Environment; and the Minister of Environment shall consult with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport before he/she grants such approval. The same shall apply where any comprehensive plan already formulated is intended to be amended. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall develop a program (hereinafter referred to as "implementation program" in this Article) that contains the following matters to implement a comprehensive plan, and shall obtain approval therefor from the Mayor/Do Governor. The same shall apply to a revision to implementation programs: Provided, That in case of the Special Metropolitan City, a Metropolitan City, or a Special Self-Governing City, the Mayor shall develop and implement implementation programs concerning matters falling under subparagraphs 1 and 2: <Amended by Act No. 10359, Jun. 8, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. Annual target for reducing water leakage and its project plan;
2. Annual target for increasing flowing water and its project plan;
3. Annual target for wider installation of water-saving facilities, including water-saving equipment and used-water purification waterworks;
4. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree for conserving water and raising the efficiency of water saving.
(3) With respect to a Si/Gun/Gu that fails to attain the water-demand control target set under paragraph (1), the Minister of Environment and the heads of the relevant administrative agencies may elect not to grant approval, permission, etc. for any of the following projects and acts that are to be implemented or done by the relevant Si/Gun/Gu. The same shall also apply to the Special Metropolitan City, a Metropolitan City, a Special Self-Governing City, a Do and a Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "City/Do") as well as a Si/Gun/Gu that fail to obtain approval for their respective comprehensive plans and implementation programs without justifiable grounds: <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. General waterworks businesses;
2. Urban development projects, and development of industrial complexes, tourist resorts, etc.
(4) The Minister of Environment and the heads of the relevant central administrative agencies may differentiate their assistance to a Si/Gun/Gu according to the progress of the water-demand control target referred to in paragraph (1).
 Article 7 (Designation, etc. of Water-Source Protection Areas)
(1) The Minister of Environment may designate an area that is deemed necessary for securing water sources and conserving the quality of water as an area for the protection of water sources (hereinafter referred to as "water-source protection area") or may modify the designation.
(2) Where the Minister of Environment designates a water-source protection area or modifies the designation thereof pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall without delay publicly announce such designation or modification.
(3) None of the following activities shall be allowed within the water-source protection areas designated and publicly announced pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2): <Amended by Act No. 8466, May 17, 2007; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11862, Jun. 4, 2013; Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
1. Using or dumping water pollutants or specific substances harmful to water quality defined in subparagraphs 7 and 8 of Article 2 of the Water Environment Conservation Act, toxic chemicals defined in subparagraph 7 of Article 2 of the Chemicals Control Act, pesticides defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Pesticide Control Act, wastes defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Wastes Control Act, sewage and excreta defined in subparagraphs 1 and 2 of Article 2 of the Sewerage Act, or animal excreta defined in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Act on the Management and Use of Livestock Excreta;
2. Other activities prohibited by Presidential Decree that have the risk of obviously polluting water sources.
(4) Any person that intends to conduct any of the following activities in a water-source protection area designated and publicly announced pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) shall obtain a permit from the Mayor of the relevant Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of the relevant Self-Governing Province or the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu: Provided, That in case of insignificant matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, he/she shall report such matters: <Amended by Act No. 10371, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. Construction, enlargement, remodeling, reconstruction, relocation, alteration of purposes, or removal of buildings or other structures;
2. Cultivating or felling standing trees and bamboo;
3. Excavation, banking, or other diversion of the shape or quality of the land.
(5) Procedures for designation of the water-source protection areas and matters necessary for the criteria for permits under paragraphs (1) through (4) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 8805, Dec. 27, 2007>
 Article 7-2 (Restrictions on Establishment of Factories in Regions other than Water-Source Protection Areas)
(1) No factory referred to in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Industrial Cluster Development and Factory Establishment Act shall be established in regions prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as upper regions of water-source protection areas, or upper or lower regions of water intake facilities (referring to water intake facilities for wide-area waterworks and local waterworks).
(2) Where a water intake facility under paragraph (1) is established in an area within the jurisdiction of the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Self-Governing Province, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu or a water intake facility in such area is altered, the Mayor of the Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of the Self-Governing Province, or the head of the Si/Gun/Gu shall give public notice thereof without delay, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may grant approval for the establishment of factories prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment in the regions prescribed by Presidential Decree, among the regions on which restrictions are imposed, in consideration of influences on water supply resources. In such cases, where water-source protection areas fall under the jurisdiction of heads of other Si/Gun/Gu, they shall consult in advance with the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu.
(4) Any person that has established a factory upon obtaining approval under paragraph (3) shall observe the rules prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment for the protection of water supply resources. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010]
 Article 7-3 (Establishment and Operation of System for Management of Information of Water Sources)
(1) The Minister of Environment shall establish and operate a system for the management of information about the following matters (hereinafter referred to as "water-sources information management system") for the management of water quality in water-source protection areas and the areas in which the establishment of factories is restricted pursuant to Article 7-2:
1. Information about current condition of waterworks and water supply, including the intake and purification of water;
2. Information about the current status of designation of water-source protection areas, the status of land use, water quality, and occurrences of pollutants;
3. Information about current condition of the areas where the establishment of factories is restricted pursuant to Article 7-2 and sites for factories;
4. Information about other necessary matters concerning the control of water quality in water sources.
(2) The Minister of Environment may request the head of a central administrative agency, a local government, a public institution under Article 4 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions, or any other related institution to furnish him/her with data or information, as necessary. In such cases, the head of an institution upon receipt of such request shall comply therewith, unless extenuating circumstances exist.
(3) Necessary matters concerning the establishment and operation of the water-sources information management system shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12518, Mar. 24, 2014]
 Article 8 (Management of Water-Source Protection Areas)
(1) A water-source protection area shall be managed by the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu having jurisdiction over the water-source protection area. <Amended by Act No. 10371, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(2) Where a water-source protection area extends over two or more Sis/Guns/Gus or where other special reasons exist, the water-source protection area under consideration shall be managed by the Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The Minister of Environment may evaluate the management status of the water-source protection areas, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, and may request the head of the relevant administrative agency to take measures necessary for the proper management of the relevant areas.
 Article 8-2 (Water Quality Control Plans for Water-Source Protection Areas)
(1) The Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Self-Governing Province, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall formulate and implement, on a five-year basis, water quality control plans for the water-source protection areas within his/her jurisdiction.
(2) The Minister of Environment shall review the validity of the water quality control plans formulated pursuant to paragraph (1) and may request the competent authority to amend any of the plans, if necessary.
(3) The Minister of Environment shall evaluate the results of implementation of the water quality control plans formulated pursuant to paragraph (1) and may request the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of each Self-Governing Province, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu to take necessary measures.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013]
 Article 9 (Residents Support Program)
(1) The Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (hereafter in this Article through Article 11 referred to as "Management Authority") who manages the water-source protection area provided in Article 8 (1) or (2), may develop and execute the program for supporting residents living within water-source protection areas and other persons engaged in farming and fishing within such an area (hereinafter referred to as the "resident support program"), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall obtain approval therefor from the Mayor/Do Governor.
(2) The types of the residents support programs shall be as follows:
1. Program for increasing the residents' income;
2. Program for promoting the residents' welfare;
3. Educational program for the residents' children;
4. Other programs as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The procedures for developing and executing the residents support program and other necessary matters shall be determined by Presidential Decree.
 Article 10 (Fund Raising, etc.)
(1) The fund necessary for the residents support program shall be raised by the Management Authority from the following financial resources:
1. Contributions from the waterworks business operator who takes benefits from the designation of the water-source protection area;
2. Borrowed money;
3. Profits incurred from the management of the money provided in subparagraphs 1 and 2;
4. Transfers from general accounts of local governments and other special accounts.
(2) Waterworks business operators provided in paragraph (1) 1 shall contribute, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, part of the proceeds from his/her waterworks business.
(3) The State may allot a subsidy from the Special Account for Environmental Improvement to cover part of the necessary expenses, taking into consideration the size of the fund raised under paragraph (1) and the required expenses.
(4) The Management Authority shall distinguish the fund raised under paragraph (1) from the other money and shall manage it as a separate account.
 Article 11 (Bearing Expenses Incurred in Managing Water-Source Protection Areas)
(1) Where a waterworks business operator benefits from the designation and management of a water-source protection area, he/she shall bear expenses incurred in managing the relevant water-source protection area and operating water-pollution prevention facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree, within the limit of the benefits that he/she gains, and according to the criteria for the expense-bearing ratio prescribed by Presidential Decree after consulting thereon with a Management Authority in charge of the relevant water-source protection area. <Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
(2) Where consultation held under paragraph (1) fails to reach agreement, the amount of expenses to be borne by the waterworks business operator shall be determined in any of the following manners:
1. Where the relevant Sis/Guns/Gus belongs to the jurisdiction of the same City/Do, it shall be determined by the competent Mayor/Do Governor;
2. Where the relevant Sis/Guns/Gus belongs to the jurisdiction of a different City/Do, it shall be determined through a consultation between the competent Mayors/Do Governors;
3. Where a waterworks business operator is not a local government, it shall be determined through a consultation between the relevant waterworks business operator and the Mayor/Do Governor in charge of the relevant water-source protection area.
(3) Where consultation held under paragraph (2) 2 and 3 fails to reach agreement, the Minister of the Interior and Safety shall determine the amount of such expenses, after seeking opinions from the relevant Mayor/Do Governor and consulting with the head of the relevant central administrative agency. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 12 (Management Principles for Waterworks Business)
(1) Waterworks business shall be in principle managed by the State, local governments and the Korea Water Resources Corporation: Provided, That the same shall not apply where the supply of tap water by private business operators on behalf of local governments, etc. is deemed necessary.
(2) The waterworks business operator shall make efforts to establish a water rate system based on a reasonable cost calculation, to maintain and expand waterworks-related facilities, and to improve technology on waterworks.
(3) In establishing the water rate system referred to in paragraph (2), every waterworks business operator shall work to lead consumers to save water and to secure expenses for consumers to pay for their supplied water and financial resources necessary to ensure the continuity of his/her projects from the revenues of water rate.
 Article 13 (Prohibition, etc. against Seeking Profits)
(1) Anyone shall be prohibited from marketing tap water after bottling tap water or re-treating it using equipment, etc.
(2) The Minister of Environment, the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City and the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) may take measures necessary to suspend the supply of tap water against anyone who has violated paragraph (1) and remove his/her equipment, etc. <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
 Article 14 (Certification, etc. of Materials or Products for Waterworks)
(1) Any person that intends to manufacture or import materials or products for waterworks that come into contact with water among waterworks facilities (excluding water intake facilities, water reservation facilities and raw water conveyance facilities) shall in advance obtain certification as to whether such materials or products for waterworks meet hygiene and safety standards prescribed by Presidential Decree from the Minister of Environment.
(2) No one shall manufacture, import, supply or sell any of the following materials or products for waterworks: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where any entity prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Ordinance, such as a school or research institution, manufactures or imports such materials or products for waterworks for testing or research purposes: <Amended by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. Where he/she fails to obtain certification under paragraph (1);
2. Where materials or products do not meet standards under paragraph (8) as a result of a periodic inspection under paragraph (6) or occasional inspection under paragraph (7).
(3) Any person that intends to install general waterworks or private-use waterworks shall use materials or products for waterworks which meet the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree, and shall use materials or products for waterworks certified under paragraph (1) for materials or products that comes into contact with water.
(4) Any person that has obtained certification from the Minister of Environment under paragraph (1) shall indicate such certification on every material or product for waterworks or the package thereof.
(5) No one shall place a certification mark on any material or product for waterworks not certified under paragraph (1) or the package thereof.
(6) A person that has obtained certification pursuant to paragraph (1) shall undergo periodic inspections conducted by certifying authorities on relevant materials and products for waterworks. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(7) A person who has obtained certification pursuant to paragraph (1) shall undergo an inspection (hereinafter referred to as "occasional inspection") by the certifying authorities where there are reasons prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, such as cases where damage has occurred to customers or it is deemed that damage is likely to occur to customers due to deterioration in the quality of materials or products for waterworks. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013; Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
(8) The following shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment: <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. Scope of materials and products for waterworks which should be certified pursuant to paragraph (1); certification methods and procedures; the designation of an inspection agency; fees;
2. Methods of marking under paragraph (4);
3. Intervals of periodic inspections under paragraph (6);
4. Standards, methods, procedure, fees, etc. for periodic inspections and occasional inspections under paragraph (6).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010]
 Article 14-2 (Revocation, etc. of Certification)
(1) Where a person that receives certification pursuant to Article 14 falls under any of the following, the Minister of Environment may revoke such certification or require him/her to suspend the manufacture, import, supply or sale or to make improvements for a period not exceeding six months, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment: Provided, That where he/she falls under subparagraph 1, 3 or 4, the Minister of Environment shall revoke such certification: <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013; Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. Where he/she obtains certification by fraud or other illegal means;
2. Where he/she fails to undergo a periodic inspection under Article 14 (6);
3. Where materials or products for waterworks do not meet standards of periodic inspections or occasional inspections under Article 14 (8), or he/she refuses, interferes with or evades such inspections;
4. Where he/she is unable to continue business operations due to business closure or any other cause or event;
5. Where he/she manufactures or imports a material or product in a different manner from the certified matters.
(2) No person whose certification is revoked pursuant to paragraph (1) shall re-file an application for certification before the lapse of the following periods classified as follows, whichever is relevant: <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013; Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. Where certification is revoked pursuant to paragraph (1) 1, 2, 3 or 5: Six months from the date of revocation;
2. Where certification is revoked pursuant to paragraph (1) 4: One month from the date of revocation.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010]
 Article 14-3 (Recommendation of Collecting, etc. of Products, etc.)
(1) In any of the following cases, the Minister of Environment may recommend a business operator who manufactures, imports, supplies, or sells the relevant materials or products for waterworks to take measures to collect, destroy, exchange, refund, or improve the relevant products, etc. or take other necessary measures (hereinafter referred to as “collecting, etc.”). <Amended by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. Where the business operator fails to place a mark under Article 14 (4) or places a mark different from certification he/she has obtained;
2. Where materials or products for waterworks do not meet standards of periodic inspections or occasional inspections under Article 14 (8).
(2) Where a business operator takes measures following recommendation pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall report matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as the result of such measures, to the Minister of Environment.
(3) Where a business operator recommended to take measures pursuant to paragraph (1) fails to follow the recommendation without any justifiable grounds, the Minister of Environment may publicly announce the fact thereof.
(4) Matters necessary for recommending collecting, etc. pursuant to paragraph (1), reporting pursuant to paragraph (2), and publicly announcing pursuant to paragraph (3), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 14-4 (Order to Perform Collection, etc. of Products, etc.)
(1) Where a business operator falls under any of the following, the Minister of Environment may order him/her to perform collection, etc. in accordance with procedures prescribed by Presidential Decree and publicly announce the fact thereof. <Amended by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. Where the business operator manufactures, imports, supplies or sells products, etc. not certified, in violation of Article 14 (2);
2. Where the business operator who has received a recommendation under Article 14-3 (1) fails to comply with such recommendation without any justifiable reason.
(2) Where a business operator takes the relevant measures following an order issued pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall report matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as the result of such measures, to the Minister of Environment.
(3) Where a business operator fails to follow an order issued pursuant to paragraph (1), the Minister of Environment may conduct collecting, etc. of the relevant products, etc. by himself/herself. In such cases, expenses incurred in collecting, etc. may be collected from the relevant business operator.
(4) Matters necessary for issuing orders and publicly announcing collecting, etc. pursuant to paragraph (1), reporting pursuant to paragraph (2), and taking measures and collecting expenses pursuant to paragraph (3), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 14-5 (On-site Inspection, etc.)
(1) The Minister of Environment may require relevant public officials to conduct on-site inspections in order to recommend or order business operators to perform collection, etc. or require business operators to submit necessary data.
(2) A relevant public official who conducts an on-site inspection pursuant to paragraph (1) shall carry an identity document indicating his/her authority and produce it to the relevant persons.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017]
 Article 14-6 (Request, etc. for Withdrawal of Recommendation, etc.)
(1) Where a business operator who receives a recommendation or order to perform collection, etc. or business operator who has interest in the relevant recommendation or order has an objection, he/she may request the Minister of Environment to withdraw such recommendation or order, in whole or in part, within 30 days from the date he/she becomes aware that there is such recommendation or order.
(2) In response to a request under paragraph (1), the Minister of Environment shall decide whether to withdraw his/her recommendation or order, in whole or in part, within 30 days: Provided, That where he/she is unable to make his/her decision within that period due to extenuating circumstances, he/she may extend the period by up to 30 days.
(3) A person who receives an order under Article 14-4 (1) may file an administrative appeal under the Administrative Appeals Act irrespective of whether an application under paragraph (1) has been filed.
(4) Procedures, methods, etc. for filing an application under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017]
 Article 15 (Installation of Water-Saving Fixtures, etc.)
(1) Where any person intends to construct any buildings or facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree, he/she shall install water-saving fixtures to economize and efficiently use tap water. <Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
(2) Any person who conducts lodging business (excluding lodging facilities having not more than ten rooms) and public bath business under Article 2 (1) 2 and 3 of the Public Health Control Act or sports facility business under Article 10 (1) of the Installation and Utilization of Sports Facilities Act or installs public toilets under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Public Toilets, etc. Act, shall install water-saving fixtures and devices. <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(3) When any person who conducts lodging business, public bath business or sports facility business or installs public toilets fails to install water-saving fixtures and devices under paragraph (2), the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may order him/her to install such water-saving fixtures and devices. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
 Article 15-2 (Registration of Water-Saving Business)
(1) A person that intends to engage in any of the following business (hereinafter referred to as "water-saving business") shall be equipped with the facilities, equipment, and technical capacity that meet the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree and shall have the business registered with the Minister of Environment:
1. Management and maintenance of facilities and equipment for the distribution and supply of water for the reduction of leakage in facilities or areas to which water is supplied (including investment in improving such facilities);
2. Installation of water-saving fixtures and devices under Article 15;
3. Other business specified by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment as those for saving water.
(2) The Minister of Environment may provide technical assistance and other necessary assistance to the persons that have their business registered pursuant to paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as "water-saving business operators").
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013]
 Article 15-3 (Revocation of Registration, etc. of Water-Saving Business)
Where any water-saving business operator falls under any of the following, the Minister of Environment may revoke the relevant registration or suspend the assistance under Article 15-2 (2), as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment: Provided, That the Minister of Environment shall revoke the registration in cases of falling under subparagraph 1:
1. Where a person has his/her business registered pursuant to Article 15-2 (1) by fraud or other illegal means;
2. Where a water-saving business operator lends his/her registration certificate to any third person to aid and abet the person to engage in the business specified in any subparagraph of Article 15-2 (1);
3. Where a water-saving business no longer meets the standards for the registration under Article 15-2 (1);
4. Where a water-saving business operator fails to commence his/her business without justifiable grounds within three years after he/she has his/her business registered or has no result from his/her business performance continuously for at least three years.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013]
 Article 15-4 (Restriction on Registration of Water-Saving Business)
No person that has his/her registration revoked pursuant to Article 15-3 shall file for the registration under Article 15-2 (1) again before the lapse of one year from the date of revocation of the registration.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013]
 Article 16 (Indicating Volume of Water Used by Water-Using Appliances, etc.)
Any person who intends to manufacture or import a water-using appliance to sell such appliance in the Republic of Korea, shall indicate the volume of water usage in the energy efficiency rating under Article 15 (2) of the Energy Use Rationalization Act, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011]
CHAPTER II GENERAL WATERWORKS BUSINESS
 Article 17 (Authorization for General Waterworks Business)
(1) A person that intends to engage in general waterworks business shall obtain authorization from the Minister of Environment, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Mayor/Do Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun; hereinafter referred to as "authorizing agency"), whoever is the competent authority specified in any of the following subparagraphs, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. The same shall also apply where he/she intends to amend the authorized matters (excluding an amendment to insignificant matters prescribed by Presidential Decree): <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Wide-area waterworks and local waterworks that are installed by a local government (excluding wide-area waterworks and local waterworks under subparagraphs 3 and 4) and water treatment facilities of wide-area waterworks that are authorized by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport: The Minister of Environment;
2. Wide-area waterworks (excluding water treatment facilities), other than wide-area waterworks that are installed by a local government: The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport;
3. Wide-area waterworks and local waterworks, the volume of which is not more than 10,000 tons a day, installed by a local government in the jurisdiction of a Do or Self-Governing Province: The Governor of a Do or the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province;
4. Wide-area waterworks and local waterworks, the volume of which is not more than 100,000 tons a day, installed by a local government in the jurisdiction of the Special Metropolitan City, a Metropolitan City or Special Self-Governing City: The Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, or the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City;
5. Village waterworks: The Mayor of the Special Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Metropolitan City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province, or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City).
(2) Where the Minister of Environment and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intend to grant the authorization under paragraph (1) 1 and 2, they shall consult thereon with each other in advance, and where the Mayor/Do Governor intends to grant authorization under subparagraphs 3 and 4 of the same paragraph, he/she shall consult with the Minister of Environment and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport in advance. In such cases, where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport authorizes wide-area waterworks equipped with water purification facilities after consulting with the Minister of Environment, the installation and operation of the purification facilities shall be deemed authorized by the Minister of Environment. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) When having granted the authorization for the general waterworks business in accordance with paragraph (1), an authorizing agency shall without delay give a public notice thereof. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
(4) The Minister of Environment and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall consult with each other whenever they formulate an annual plan for general waterworks services to ensure the efficient operation of services. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(5) Where the Mayor/Do Governor authorizes general waterworks (excluding village waterworks), he/she shall notify the Minister of Environment of authorized matters without delay. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
 Article 18 (Standards for Facilities, etc.)
(1) Any general waterworks business operator shall give consideration to the safety of the waterworks from earthquake when he/she installs such waterworks and install the general waterworks in accordance with the criteria as prescribed by Presidential Decree depending on the quality, quantity, geographical condition of the natural water, on the types of the waterworks, and on the scale of the waterworks.
(2) Deleted. <by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
(3) Where a person installs water tanks referred to in subparagraph 24 of Article 3, he/she shall meet the criteria as determined by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment: Provided, That facility criteria for water tanks installed in buildings or establishments, except buildings or establishments the scale of which exceeds the scale set by Presidential Decree under Article 33 (2), may be set by ordinances of the relevant local government.
 Article 19 (Inspection for Water Quality at Time of Completion of Construction)
(1) Where a general waterworks business operator has completed a waterworks construction work, he/she shall undergo an inspection of the water quality.
(2) Unless having undergone an inspection of water quality as provided in paragraph (1), the general waterworks business operator shall not provide tap water.
 Article 20 (Protection of Waterworks)
Anyone shall be prohibited from installing waterworks connected to the existing tap-water pipelines of the general waterworks or modifying or damaging the general waterworks without having obtained a prior approval therefor from the general waterworks business operator.
 Article 21 (Management of Waterworks)
(1) The management right of general waterworks shall be held by a general waterworks business operator: Provided, That the waterworks management right of water-supply facilities shall be held by a person prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Notwithstanding the proviso to paragraph (1), any general waterworks business operator may examine the current condition of water-supply facilities and the quality of tap water after obtaining consent thereto from the owner or the manager of the relevant water supply facilities: Provided, That a general waterworks business operator shall examine water-supply facilities, with consent thereto from the owner or manager of the facilities, to ensure that the facilities have been properly installed, when tap water is supplied to newly installed facilities. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(3) Anyone that is supplied with tap water by a general waterworks business operator may request the general waterworks business operator to examine the current condition of the water-supply facilities and the quality of the tap water that is supplied to him/her.
(4) The standards and procedure for the examination of water-supply facilities under paragraphs (2) and (3) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(5) Where a general waterworks business operator finds, as a result of the examination conducted under paragraph (2) or (3), that water-supply facilities fall short of the standards for the examination under paragraph (4) or tap water falls short of the water quality standards under Article 26 (2), he/she may recommend the owner or the manager of the water-supply facilities to wash, renew, or replace the water-supply facilities and take other necessary measures, as prescribed by municipal ordinance of the competent local government. In such cases, the general waterworks business operator may grant a subsidy or lend a loan for part of the expenses incurred in washing, renewing, or replacing the water-supply facilities, as prescribed by municipal ordinance of the competent local government. <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(6) A general waterworks business operator shall appoint a person that meets standards prescribed by Presidential Decree as the manager responsible for waterworks to perform the duties prescribed by Presidential Decree, including technical management of waterworks.
(7) A general waterworks business operator shall place certified operation managers of the water-purification facilities in the water purification facilities to manage the facilities according to the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree, taking into account the scale, etc. of the water-purification facilities, so as to ensure the efficient operation and management of the water-purification facilities.
 Article 22 (Invitation of Private Capital for Waterworks Business)
The State or local governments may invite private capital to cover, in whole or in part, costs involved in the waterworks business, as prescribed by the Act on Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure.
 Article 23 (Entrustment of Operation and Management of Waterworks)
(1) Every general waterworks business operator (referring to a general waterworks business operator which is a local government; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) may entrust all or some of the operation and management affairs of waterworks (hereinafter referred to as "waterworks management affairs") to specialized institutions prescribed by Presidential Decree or any waterworks business operator who is a local government, as prescribed by Presidential Decree in order to efficiently operate and manage the waterworks business. In such cases, a general waterworks business operator may entrust waterworks management affairs jointly with another general waterworks business operator. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(2) Where a general waterworks business operator intends to entrust waterworks management affairs pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall conclude a contract for entrustment with a person to be entrusted with waterworks management affairs (hereinafter referred to as "trustee"), as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and report the following to the Minister of Environment without delay, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment: <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. Where he/she has concluded a contract for entrustment, the fact of the conclusion thereof, or where he/she has changed the details of a contract for entrustment, the fact of the change thereof;
2. Where he/she has cancelled a contract for entrustment, the fact of the cancellation thereof.
(3) For the purposes of Articles 28, 28-2, 29, 32, 33 (1), 36, 37 and 61, a trustee shall be deemed a general waterworks business operator only when he/she performs waterworks management affairs. <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(4) Where any general waterworks business operator entrusts the waterworks management affairs, he/she shall guide and supervise a trustee when the trustee performs the relevant entrusted affairs. In such cases, the general waterworks business operator may, when it is deemed necessary to ensure the safe and appropriate supply of tap water, request the trustee to file reports and submit materials.
(5) Every general waterworks business operator shall establish and operate a Waterworks Management Entrustment Review Committee to deliberate on matters concerning the waterworks management affairs. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
(6) The chairperson of each Waterworks Management Entrustment Review Committee shall be appointed by the relevant general waterworks business operator from among public officials of Grade III to Grade V in charge of waterworks-related affairs, and its members shall be comprised of no more than 15 persons, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
(7) The functions and operation of a Waterworks Management Entrustment Review Committee and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
 Article 23-2 (Inspections of Actual Conditions of Operation and Management of Water Supply Facilities)
(1) The Minister of Environment may inspect the actual conditions (hereafter referred to as "inspection of the actual conditions" in this Article) on the operation and management of water supply facilities in order to improve the quality of water supply services.
(2) The Minister of Environment may establish and operate a computer network for the efficient inspection of the actual conditions and sharing of related information
(3) Matters necessary for indexes, methods, etc. for the inspection of the actual conditions shall be determined and announced by the Minister of Environment.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011]
 Article 24 (Certified Operation Managers of Water-Purification Facilities)
(1) Anyone who intends to become a certified operation manager of water-purification facilities shall pass the qualifying examination for the certified operation managers of water-purification facilities, which is administered by the Minister of Environment.
(2) None of the following persons can become a certified operation manager of water-purification facilities: <Amended by Act No. 13166, Feb. 3, 2015>
1. A minor or an incompetent person under adult guardianship;
2. One who is not yet reinstated after having been sentenced bankrupt;
3. One who has been sentenced to imprisonment without prison labor or a heavier punishment and for whom two years have yet to pass from the date the execution of the sentence is terminated (including where the execution of the sentence is deemed to be terminated) or the execution of the sentence is exempted;
4. One who is in a stay period after having been sentenced to a stay of the execution of imprisonment without prison labor or a heavier punishment;
5. One for whom three years have yet to pass from the date his/her qualification as the certified operation manager of water-purification facilities was revoked.
(3) The Minister of Environment shall issue certificates of qualifications to persons that have passed the qualifying examination referred to in paragraph (1).
(4) No certificates of qualifications for certified operation managers of water-purification facilities issued under paragraph (3), shall be lent to any other person.
(5) Qualifications for applying for the qualifying examination for the certified operation managers of water-purification facilities referred to in paragraph (1), the subjects of the examination, ways to administer the examination, the partial exemption from the examination, and other matters necessary for the examination, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 24-2 (Sanctions against Persons who Cheated on Examination)
For applicants that cheated on the qualifying examination for certified operation managers of water-purification facilities, the Minister of Environment shall suspend or invalidate such examination or revoke the determination of passing the examination, and shall suspend his/her qualification to apply for the examination for three years, starting from the day when the examination was suspended or invalidated or the determination of passing the examination was revoked.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 25 (Revocation, etc. of Qualifications for Certified Operation Managers of Water-Purification Facilities)
(1) Where any certified operation manager of the water-purification facilities falls under any of the following subparagraphs, the Minister of Environment may revoke his/her qualification or suspend his/her qualification within the scope of not more than 3 years: Provided, That if he/she falls under subparagraph 1 or 2, his/her qualification shall be revoked:
1. Where he/she has obtained his/her qualification by fraudulent or other unlawful means;
2. Where he/she falls under any of the provisions of Article 24 (2) 1 through 5;
3. Where the supply of tap water to residents has harmfully affected their health on the grounds of poor operation and management of the water-purification facilities, which has been caused by his/her deliberation or gross negligence;
4. Where he/she has lent his/her certificate of qualification to any other person, in violation of Article 24 (4).
(2) Standards for revoking or suspending the qualifications of certified operation managers of water-purification facilities referred to in paragraph (1) shall be set by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment taking into account the grounds of dispositions and the severity of violations.
 Article 26 (Standards for Water Quality)
(1) The drinking water that is supplied by the waterworks shall not include the substance falling under any of the following subparagraphs:
1. The substance that is contaminated or is apprehended to be contaminated with pathogenic germs, bacteria, or viruses;
2. An inorganic or organic substance that has the possibility to affect negatively the state of health;
3. The substance that can exert an aesthetic influence;
4. Other substances that can exert a negative influence on the state of health.
(2) Necessary matters concerning the standards for water quality provided in paragraph (1) shall be determined by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
(3) The Minister of Environment may designate the items that need to be monitored, such as micro-pollutants in raw water or purified water, as the monitored items of drinking water for the establishment of the water quality standards under paragraph (2). In such cases, further details about the items to be designated as the monitored items of drinking water, the procedure for the designation, the standards for each monitored item of drinking water, and the testing cycle shall be determined and publicly notified by the Minister of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(4) Where a Mayor/Do Governor deems it necessary to protect health of residents, he/she may provide for any of the following matters by municipal ordinance of the City/Do: Provided, That the same shall not apply to the wide-area waterworks that supply raw water or purified water to the areas of two or more Cities/Dos: <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
1. Tightening of the water quality standards under paragraph (2) or the standards for the monitoring of drinking water for each monitored item under paragraph (3);
2. The water quality standards and testing methods for any item other than the items included in the water quality standards under paragraph (2) or the standards for the monitoring of drinking water for any items other than the monitored items under paragraph (3) and the testing methods for such items.
 Article 27 (Public Notice on Details of Violations, etc. of Water Quality Standards)
(1) Where tap water fails to meet water quality standards referred to in Article 26 (2) or in cases falling under reasons prescribed by Presidential Decree, a general waterworks business operator shall inform residents in his/her jurisdiction of the details of the violation thereof and take measures necessary to improve the water quality. <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(2) Matters necessary for the timing, details, methods, etc. of public notice under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
 Article 28 (Water Purification Standards)
(1) General waterworks business operators shall comply with the water purification standards prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment in order to prevent tap water that is supplied for drinking from being contaminated by pathogenic microorganisms: Provided, That the same shall not apply where ground water that is not affected by surface water is used as a water source and the water source is granted certification prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(2) Where a general waterworks business operator certified under the proviso to paragraph (1) falls under any of the following cases, the Minister of Environment shall revoke such certification: <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. Where he/she is certified by deceit or other unlawful means;
2. Where the relevant water source certified fails to meet standards for certification under paragraph (3).
(3) Necessary matters concerning the scope of facilities that should meet water purification standards under the main body of paragraph (1), standards for certification, the period of certification and the procedures for certification, etc. under the proviso to the same paragraph shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(4) General waterworks business operators shall install and operate water purifying facilities so that turbidity, etc. of purified water may meet standards established by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment to meet water purification standards under the main sentence of paragraph (1). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(5) General waterworks business operators shall conduct regular inspections to verify whether purified water meets standards under paragraph (4). In such cases, necessary matters concerning items, the period, methods, etc. of inspections shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(6) General waterworks business operators shall record and keep the outcomes of an inspection conducted under paragraph (5), as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, and report the outcomes thereof to the Minister of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(7) Where the outcomes of an inspection under paragraph (5) fail to meet standards under paragraph (4), general waterworks business operator shall take necessary measures, such as the improvement of water supply facilities, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(8) Where a general waterworks business operator fails to meet water purification standards under the main body` of paragraph (1), the Minister of Environment may order him/her to take necessary measures, such as the improvement of water supply facilities. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
 Article 28-2 (Inspections of Actual Conditions on Spread of Pathogenic Microorganisms)
(1) Each general waterworks business operator shall inspect the actual conditions of the spread of pathogenic microorganisms, such as virus, on purified water for the efficient operation of water purifying facilities, and report the outcomes thereof to the Minister of Environment.
(2) Matters necessary for facilities subject to inspection, the timing, items, methods of inspection, details, procedures, etc. of a report of the outcomes under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011]
 Article 29 (Inspection of Water Quality and Analysis of Water Quantity)
(1) General waterworks business operators shall execute the inspection of water quality, and conduct analysis of water quantity such as the quantity of collected water, processed water and supplied water in order to confirm whether the natural and purified water is in conformity with the standards set by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, as prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
(2) In order to execute the inspection of water quality, general waterworks business operators shall install the inspection facilities that meet the criteria as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Where general waterworks business operators inspect water quality and analyzes water quantity under paragraph (1), he/she shall keep and preserve records of the inspection and analysis, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, and shall immediately disclose the results of the inspection of water quality and the analysis of water quantity through an Internet web-site, etc. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(4) The Minister of Environment shall install and operate a computer network that can process the records of inspections of water quality and analyses of water quantity prepared pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (3). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(5) Where general waterworks business operators make a false statement in an announcement to the general public or in a report submitted to the Minister of Environment with regard to the results of the inspection of water quality or the analysis of water quantity under paragraph (1), the Minister of Environment may request the waterworks business operator to take a disciplinary action against the person in charge of the inspection and analysis. In such cases, the waterworks business operator shall comply with such request, unless extenuating circumstances exist.
 Article 30 (Tap-Water Quality Evaluation Committee)
(1) A Tap-Water Quality Evaluation Committee mandated to perform the following duties shall be established under the jurisdiction of the Special Metropolitan City, a Metropolitan City, a Special Self-Governing City, a Special Self-Governing Province and a Si/Gun (excluding a Gun in a Metropolitan City): <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. Execution of the periodical inspections of tap water and publication of the outcomes of the inspections;
2. Advices given to waterworks business operators about the control of water quality and the operation of waterworks;
3. Selection of places subject to the periodical inspections referred to in subparagraph 1.
(2) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun shall formulate a plan to operate the tap water evaluation committee each year. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(3) When the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun formulates a plan to operate the tap water evaluation committee or revises such plan, he/she shall report the formulation or revision thereof to the Minister of Environment according to methods and procedures prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(4) Matters necessary for the composition and operation of the tap water evaluation committees under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
 Article 31 (Tap-Water Quality Report)
(1) Every general waterworks business operator shall publish a tap-water quality report not less than once a year and deliver the tap-water quality report to each of the residents, who is supplied with tap water in his/her water-supply area.
(2) Matters necessary for the details of the tap-water quality report referred to in paragraph (1) and ways to publish and deliver the report, etc. shall be prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
 Article 32 (Medical Checkup)
(1) As for persons who discharge their duties at and around the water intake facilities, the water purification facilities, and the water supply facilities and other persons who reside within the area for the said facilities, every general waterworks business operator shall provide them with a medical checkup, as prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
(2) As for any person who is admitted to have a disease which is apprehended to throw or inflict a danger or damage on other persons as a result of the medical checkup referred to in paragraph (1), every general waterworks business operator shall not have said person work for his/her waterworks business or reside within the area of such facilities.
(3) Article 29 (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the preparation and preservation of the record of the medical checkup under paragraph (1).
 Article 33 (Sanitary Measures)
(1) Each general waterworks business operator shall disinfect his/her waterworks, inspect water quality, and take every possible sanitary measures for his/her waterworks (hereinafter referred to as "sanitary measures, including disinfection").
(2) The owner or manager (with respect to any multi-family housing defined in subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Housing Act, the head of any maintenance office under Article 55 of the same Act shall be deemed the manager of any building or facilities; hereafter the same shall apply in paragraphs (3) and (4) and Article 36 (1)) of any building or facilities that require a lot of tap water and exceed the scale prescribed by Presidential Decree shall take sanitary measures, including disinfection, for the water-supply facilities (excluding the portion thereof on which the general waterworks business operator holds the right to manage the waterworks). In such cases, any general waterworks business operator may partially subsidize expenses incurred in performing the inspection of water quality, as prescribed by ordinances of the relevant local government. <Amended by Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016>
(3) The owner or manager of any of the following buildings or facilities, the scale of which exceeds the scale prescribed by Presidential Decree, shall periodically check the water supply pipes (excluding the portion on which the general waterworks business operator holds the right to manage the waterworks), as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, and take possible measures necessary to wash, renew, or replace them according to the outcome of the checking (hereinafter referred to as the "measures, including washing"): <Amended by Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Superstores defined in subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Distribution Industry Development Act;
2. Buildings prescribed by Presidential Decree among multi-family housing defined in subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Housing Act;
3. Transportation facilities specified in Article 2 (2) 8 of the Building Act;
4. Medical facilities specified in Article 2 (2) 9 of the Building Act;
5. Facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree, among education and research facilities specified in Article 2 (2) 10 of the Building Act;
6. Facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree, among facilities installed by the State or local governments specified in Article 2 (2) 11 through 13 of the Building Act;
7. Business facilities specified in Article 2 (2) 14 of the Building Act;
8. Facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree, among correctional facilities and military installations installed by the State or local governments specified in Article 2 (2) 23 of the Building Act;
9. Other facilities prescribed by municipal ordinances, which are deemed necessary for safe supply of tap water.
(4) Each general waterworks business operator shall guide and supervise sanitary measures taken by the owner or manager of a building or facilities referred to in paragraph (2) or (3) to disinfect or wash them.
(5) Matters necessary for sanitary measures, including disinfection, measures, including washing, the frequency and items of inspection of water quality, the guidance and supervision referred to in paragraphs (1) through (4), shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment: Provided, That sanitary measures, including disinfection, for buildings or facilities except the buildings or facilities, the scale of which exceeds the scale provided for in paragraph (2), may be prescribed by ordinances of the relevant local government.
 Article 34 (Reports on Water-Tank Cleaning Business)
(1) Any person who intends to conduct the cleanup business for the sanitary control of water-tanks (hereinafter referred to as "water-tank cleaning business") shall meet the criteria for human resources, equipment, and facilities as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, and then report his/her intended business to the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu. The foregoing shall also apply to a revision to important matters prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, from among the reported matters. <Amended by Act No. 8805, Dec. 27, 2007; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(2) Any person who has reported on his/her water-tank cleaning business (hereinafter referred to as "water-tank cleaning business operator") shall report to the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu if he/she intends to discontinue his/her business or suspend the operation thereof. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(3) Any person who is ordered to close his/her place of business under Article 35 (1) shall be prohibited from filing a report on the water-tank cleaning business within one year from the date on which he/she is given such order.
 Article 35 (Suspension, etc. of Water-Tank Cleaning Business)
(1) Where a water-tank cleaning business operator falls under any of following subparagraphs, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may order him/her to suspend his/her business upon fixing a period not exceeding three months or to close his/her place of business: <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
1. Where he/she has filed a report required under Article 34 by fraudulent or illegal means or conduct the water-tank cleaning business without filing such report;
2. Where he/she has failed to meet the criteria for reporting provided in Article 34 (1);
3. Where he/she has violated this Act or any order or other dispositions issued or taken under this Act.
(2) The criteria for dispositions prescribed in paragraph (1) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
 Article 36 (Education)
(1) Any of the following persons shall undergo the education administered by the Minister of Environment concerning the management of waterworks, as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. An owner or manager of the building or the facility provided in Article 33 (2);
2. A water-tank cleaning business operator;
3. A general waterworks business operator.
(2) Every general waterworks business operator and every water-tank cleaning business operator shall cause the operators of waterworks and employees in charge of water-tank cleaning to undergo the education referred to in paragraph (1), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The Minister of Environment may entrust the educational task provided in paragraphs (1) and (2) to the institutions or organizations designated by Presidential Decree.
 Article 37 (Emergency Stop of Water Supply)
(1) Having perceived the fact that tap water has the possibility to inflict damage on the state of health, every general waterworks business operator shall, without delay, cease the supply of tap water.
(2) Where a general waterworks business operator stops the supply of tap water pursuant to paragraph (1), he/she shall make the situation known to the Mayor/Do Governor, the residents of the district concerned and the heads of the relevant agencies, and take necessary measures, such as the inspection of water quality and the supply of emergency water.
(3) Any person who has discovered the fact that the water provided by a general waterworks business operator has the possibility to inflict damage on the state of health shall, without delay, notify the general waterworks business operator thereof.
 Article 38 (Terms and Conditions of Water Supply)
(1) General waterworks business operators shall determine the terms for the rates for tap water, expenses incurred in installing water supply facilities and other conditions for the supply of tap water, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and shall obtain approval thereof from an authorizing agency before commencing the supply of tap water and the same shall also apply where the approved matters are revised: where a waterworks business operator is a local government, ordinances of the relevant local government shall determine such terms and conditions. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
(2) Any general waterworks business operator and any authorizing agency under the main body of paragraph (1) shall ensure that all expenses incurred in installing the relevant waterworks may be recovered by the service fees for tap water, in setting forth the terms and conditions for the supply of tap water or approving therefor.
(3) Where general waterworks business operators determine service fees for tap water, he/she shall publicly announce the production cost of the service fees, the unit price of service fees, the deficiency in revenue, the plan for covering budgetary deficiency, etc., as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment: Provided, That Articles 11 and 12 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions shall apply to general waterworks business operators that are the public institutions prescribed in Article 4 of the said Act. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(4) General waterworks business operators may give a discount on service fees for tap water to the following persons and the public facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree, including educational facilities and social welfare facilities, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
1. A person that is 65 years of age or older;
2. A person with a disability governed by the Act on Welfare of Persons with Disabilities;
3. A beneficiary under the National Basic Living Security Act or a person in the next needy class.
 Article 39 (Responsibility to Supply Tap Water)
(1) No general waterworks business operator shall refuse to supply tap water, without justifiable grounds prescribed by Presidential Decree, to a person that wants to have tap water supplied. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(2) Where general waterworks business operators are not able to supply tap water for a while due to extenuating circumstances, he/she shall determine the area and period, for which and in which tap water is not to be supplied, and give a public notice of them in advance.
(3) General waterworks business operators shall give a written notice to a relevant person of the grounds for refusal to supply tap water and that fact he/she will refuse to supply tap water unless such grounds are ceased allowing at least two years of grace period. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>.
 Article 40 (Supply of Tap Water to Area Other Than Area to Which Tap Water is Supposed to be Supplied)
If the Minister of Environment deems it necessary for the convenience of the general consumers or for other public interests, he/she may cause the relevant local government that is a waterworks business operator to supply tap water to the area other than the area to which it is supposed to supply tap water.
 Article 41 (Supply of Tap Water in Urgent Situation)
(1) Where the Mayor/Do Governor deems it necessary to cope with an urgent situation, such as a natural disaster, he/she may order the relevant waterworks business operator to supply tap water to other waterworks business operators, upon determining the period, volume, and methods: Provided, That if the relevant waterworks business operator is the Mayor/Do Governor, the Minister of Environment shall issue the order.
(2) Rates for tap water supplied under paragraph (1) shall be determined through consultation between the relevant waterworks business operators.
(3) Where the consultation under paragraph (2) does not lead to an agreement, the relevant waterworks business operators may apply for mediation by the competent environmental dispute mediation committee under the Environmental Dispute Adjustment Act, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
(4) Deleted. <by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
 Article 42 (Discontinuance or Suspension of Waterworks Business)
After having started to supply tap water, any general waterworks business operator shall not discontinue or suspend all or part of his/her general waterworks business: Provided, That the same shall not apply where he/she has obtained a permit from the authorizing agency according to the standards for granting permits for the discontinuation or the suspension, which are set by Presidential Decree.
 Article 43 (Special Provisions concerning Waterworks Installed by the State)
(1) Where the Minister of Environment or the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport deems that a local government, as a general waterworks business operator, is unable or impracticable to install water service facilities for general waterworks due to financial, technical, or geographical circumstances, he/she may directly install the water service facilities for general waterworks. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The Minister of Environment or the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport may delegate the management of water service facilities for general waterworks installed pursuant to paragraph (1) to the relevant local government or may entrust management to the Korea Water Resources Corporation. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Where the Minister of Environment or the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport intends to install waterworks pursuant to paragraph (1) or intends to delegate or entrust the management of waterworks pursuant to paragraph (2), he/she shall pre-consult thereon with the Minister of the Interior and Safety: Provided, That this shall not apply to facilities installed by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport and entrusted to the Korea Water Resources Corporation. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may require the Korea Water Resources Corporation to supply tap water of wide-area waterworks to general consumers, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, he/she shall first obtain consent from the relevant Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of the relevant Si/Gun (excluding a Gun in a Metropolitan City). <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 44 (Purchase of Waterworks, etc.)
(1) In any of the following cases where any person (excluding the State), other than a local government, conducts the general waterworks business located within the jurisdiction of the local government, the local government under consideration may purchase, from the said general waterworks business operator, the waterworks-related facilities, their affiliated land and building, and other things (hereinafter referred to as the "waterworks, etc"), after having obtained approval of the Mayor/Do Governor for doing so:
1. Where the relevant waterworks business operator has not improved the water supply conditions after having received the order for the modification of the water supply conditions under Article 65;
2. Where the area to which tap water is to be supplied needs to be expanded;
3. Where tap water which is being supplied is apprehended to inflict damage on the state of health, being deficient in terms of the criteria for the water quality under Article 26.
(2) Where a local government intends to purchase the waterworks-related facilities, etc. of the general waterworks provided in paragraph (1), the local government shall consult with the general waterworks business operator concerned on the price and other conditions for the purchase.
(3) Where the consultation provided in paragraph (2) fails to lead to a satisfactory conclusion, the local government and the general waterworks business operator may apply for the adjudication on the matter under consideration by the relevant land expropriation committee.
(4) The Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects Therefor shall apply mutatis mutandis to the adjudication by the relevant land expropriation committee provided in paragraph (3) and the adjudication on the objection raised and its legal effect, etc.
 Article 45 (Hydrant)
Every general waterworks business operator shall install and manage a hydrant necessary for the prevention of a fire at the site of his/her waterworks.
 Article 46 (Relationship with other Acts)
(1) Where any person that intends to engage in a general waterworks business has obtained authorization for the general waterworks business pursuant to Article 17 (1), he/she shall be deemed to have obtained the following authorization, permission, consent, license, approval, designation, or cancellation (hereinafter referred to as "authorization, permission, etc."), and where the public notice of authorization has been given, the public notice or official announcement under the following Acts shall be deemed given or made: <Amended by Act Nos. 8819 & 8820, Dec. 27, 2007; Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008; Act No. 9774, Jun. 9, 2009; Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010; Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014; Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014>
1. Determination of an urban management plan under Article 30 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act (limited to infrastructure defined in subparagraph 6 of Article 2 of the same Act), permission to engage in development activities under Article 56 (1) of the same Act, designation of an operator of an urban planning facility project under Article 86 of the same Act, and authorization of an implementation plan under Article 88 of the same Act;
2. Permission to occupy and use public waters under Article 8 of the Public Waters Management and Reclamation Act, approval or reporting of implementation plans concerning occupation and use under Article 17 of the same Act, licenses to reclaim public waters under Article 28 of the same Act, consultation on or approval for reclamation conducted by the State, etc. under Article 35 of the same Act, and approval of implementation plans on reclamation of public waters under Article 38 of the same Act;
3. Deleted; <by Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010>
4. Permission to execute river-related construction works under Article 30 of the River Act, and permission to occupy rivers under Article 33 (1) 2 through 5 of the same Act;
5. Permission to execute road construction works under Article 36 of the Road Act, and permission to occupy and use roads under Article 61 of the same Act;
6. Permission to divert farmland under Article 34 of the Farmland Act;
7. Permission to divert forest and reporting thereon under Articles 14 and 15 of the Mountainous Districts Management Act, permission to temporarily use mountainous districts and reporting thereon under Article 15-2 of the same Act, and permission to fell standing trees, etc. and reporting thereon under Articles 36 (1) and (4) and 45 (1) and (2) of the Creation and Management of Forest Resources Act: Provided, That the protection forest for genetic forest resources, seed-growing forest, and experimental forest under the Creation and Management of Forest Resources Act shall be excluded;
8. Permission to alter land form, etc. under Article 21-2 of the Grassland Act and permission to divert grassland and reporting thereon under Article 23 of the same Act;
9. Permission for felling, etc. under Article 14 of the Erosion Control Work Act, and cancellation of land treated for erosion control under Article 20 of the same Act;
11. Designation of a project operator under Article 16 (1) of the Industrial Sites and Development Act, and approval of an implementation plan under Articles 17 (1), 18 (1), and 19 (1) of the same Act;
12. Permission to open a private road under Article 4 of the Private Road Act;
13. Permission to relocate neglected graves under Article 27 (1) of the Act on Funeral Services, Etc.
(2) Where an authorizing agency intends to grant authorization for the general waterworks business in accordance with Article 17 (1) and where the business plan submitted to obtain authorization under consideration includes one of the subject matters specified in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1), the authorizing agency shall pre-consult thereon with the head of the relevant administrative agency.
(3) Where the general waterworks business operator that is the State or a local government is deemed to have obtained authorization, permission, etc. in accordance with other Acts referred to in paragraph (1), it may be exempt from the charge or usage fee imposed by the relevant Acts: Provided, That this shall not apply to the charges for preservation of farmland imposed under Article 38 of the Farmland Act and the charges for formation of substitute grassland imposed under Article 23 (6) of the Grassland Act.
 Article 47 (Village Waterworks)
(1) The State and a local government shall provide the technical and financial assistance necessary for the hygienic management of village waterworks.
(2) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province, the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) shall properly operate and manage the village waterworks in his/her jurisdiction, as prescribed by ordinances of the relevant local government. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(3) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province, the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall formulate and take measures to prevent pollution of village waterworks due to the burying of carcasses of livestock, etc. under Article 22 (2) of the Act on the Prevention of Contagious Animal Diseases, and report the actual conditions of management of village waterworks to the Minister of Environment each year, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
CHAPTER III INDUSTRIAL WATERWORKS BUSINESS
 Article 48 (Industrial Waterworks Installed by the State, etc.)
(1) The State shall provide water for industrial use to an industrial complex prescribed in subparagraph 8 of Article 2 of the Industrial Sites and Development Act after having installed the industrial waterworks facilities, or the State shall order another waterworks business operator to install the industrial waterworks and provide the industrial complex under consideration with water for industrial use. <Amended by Act No. 11020, Aug. 4, 2011>
(2) The State may install industrial waterworks and supply water for industrial use to a factory (limited to a factory, the site area of which is at least 300,000 square meters, established in a water supply area in a basic plan for improvement of waterworks concerning wide-area waterworks and industrial waterworks under Article 4 (1) 1) under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Industrial Cluster Development and Factory Establishment Act, or order another waterworks business operator to install industrial waterworks and supply water for industrial use to such factory. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
 Article 49 (Authorization for Industrial Waterworks Business)
(1) Any person that intends to engage in a industrial waterworks business shall obtain authorization from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or the Mayor/Do Governor according in accordance with either of the following subparagraphs, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. The same shall also apply where he/she intends to amend the authorized matters (excluding an amendment to insignificant matters prescribed by Presidential Decree): <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Industrial waterworks with a facility capacity of more than 10,000 tons per day: The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport;
2. Industrial waterworks with a facility capacity not exceeding 10,000 tons per day: The Mayor/Do Governor.
(2) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to grant authorization under paragraph (1) 1, he/she shall consult with the Minister of Environment in advance, and where the Mayor/Do Governor intends to grant authorization under paragraph (1) 2, he/she shall consult with the Minister of Environment and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport in advance. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011]
 Article 50 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis)
Articles 17 (3) and (5), 18, 20, 21 (1) and (6), 23, and 38 through 46 shall apply mutatis mutandis to industrial waterworks and industrial waterworks business. <Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
CHAPTER IV EXCLUSIVE WATERWORKS
 Article 51 (Exclusive Waterworks Installed by the State)
Matters concerning the exclusive waterworks installed by the State shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree, unless otherwise expressly prescribed by this Act.
 Article 52 (Authorization for Private-Use Waterworks)
(1) A person who intends to install the private-use waterworks shall obtain authorization from the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing Province and the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) and the requirements for such authorization shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 8805, Dec. 27, 2007; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(2) When it is intended to revise important matters prescribed by Presidential Decree among the authorized matters under paragraph (1), authorization thereof shall be obtained and when it is intended to revise other matters, a report thereon shall be filed.
(3) When an installer of the private-use waterworks intends to close or discontinue the use of such private-use waterworks for a specified period, file a report thereon with the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City). <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
 Article 53 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis to Private-Use Waterworks)
Articles 14, 14-2, 18, 19, 21 (6), 26, 29 (1) and (3) (excluding the provisions concerning disclosure through an Internet web-site, etc.), 32, 33, 37, and 61 shall apply mutatis mutandis to private-use waterworks. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
 Article 54 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis to Private-Use Industrial Waterworks)
Articles 21 (6), 52, and 61 shall apply mutatis mutandis to private-use industrial waterworks. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
 Article 55 (Small Water Supply Systems)
(1) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) shall perform an inspection of water quality for small water supply facilities, as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(2) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun (excluding the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City) shall endeavor to upgrade and manage small water supply facilities, as prescribed by ordinances of the relevant local government. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
(3) The State and local governments may provide technical and financial assistance necessary for the installation and sanitary management of small water supply systems.
(4) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province, the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall formulate and take measures to prevent pollution of small waterworks due to the burying of carcasses of livestock, etc. under Article 22 (2) of the Act on the Prevention of Contagious Animal Diseases, and report the actual conditions on management of small waterworks to the Minister of Environment each year, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
 Article 55-2 (Special Provisions concerning Facilities for Supplying Tap Water in Military Unit Area)
The State and local governments may provide technical and financial support necessary for the installation of facilities for supplying tap water and sanitation in military unit areas, where it is difficult to install the water service facilities for general waterworks due to geographical conditions, etc.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13529, Dec. 1, 2015]
CHAPTER V KOREA WATER AND WASTEWATER WORKS ASSOCIATION
 Article 56 (Establishment of Korea Water and Wastewater Works Association)
(1) Waterworks business operators, public sewerage management authorities under Article 18 of the Sewerage Act, persons who run the business related to waterworks (including sewerage; hereafter in this Chapter the same shall apply), persons who are engaged in the academic and research field related to waterworks, and persons determined by Presidential Decree, may establish the Korea Water and Wastewater Works Association (hereinafter referred to as the "Association"), in order to perform the research and development of waterworks to develop the necessary waterworks technologies, and to contribute, in any other way, to the development of waterworks.
(2) The Association shall be a corporation.
(3) The Association shall come into being when the establishment therefor is registered at the place where its principal office is located.
(4) Expenses incurred in the projects of the Association shall be met from member fees paid by members, such as waterworks business operators, and proceeds from projects and the State, local governments and the Korea Water Resources Corporation may subsidize some expenses within budgetary limits.
(5) When the Association is established under paragraph (1), waterworks business operators (excluding private waterworks business operators) and every public waterworks management authority shall become ex officio members.
 Article 57 (Executives of Association and How to Elect Them, etc.)
(1) The Association shall have a chairman, directors and an auditor.
(2) Businesses of the Association shall be determined by Presidential Decree.
(3) Matters necessary for the fixed number, the term of office, the election method, etc. for the exclusive members of the Association shall be determined by its articles of association.
 Article 58 (Supervision)
The Minister of Environment may cause the Association to investigate and research the matters concerning waterworks or to make some report deemed to be necessary for the fulfillment of the business works concerned.
 Article 59 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of the Civil Act)
With regard to the Association, the provisions concerning the aggregate corporation in the Civil Act shall be applicable mutatis mutandis, except for the cases as prescribed by this Act.
CHAPTER VI EXPROPRIATION AND USE OF LAND, ETC.
 Article 60 (Expropriation and Use of Land, etc.)
(1) When it is necessary to conduct the waterworks business, any waterworks business operator may expropriate or use the land, the articles, and the rights (hereinafter referred to as "land, etc") prescribed in Article 3 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects.
(2) When authorization for the waterworks business is granted and the public notice of such authorization is given under Article 17 (1) and (3) (including cases applied mutatis mutandis under Article 50), such authorization shall be deemed the project authorization or public notice of the project authorization under Articles 20 (1) and 22 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects, and notwithstanding Articles 23 (1) and 28 (1) of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects, the application for the ruling shall be made by the time of completion of the waterworks construction works.
(3) Unless otherwise expressly stipulated in this Act. the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall apply mutatis mutandis to the expropriation or use of land, etc. under paragraph (1).
 Article 60-2 (Compensation, etc. for Use of Underground Portion of Land)
(1) Where a waterworks business operator intends to use the underground portion of the land of another to perform waterworks, he/she shall compensate for the use thereof in consideration of the use value of the land, the depth of the underground site, and the level of interference with the use of the land.
(2) Specific compensation standards and methods for the use of the underground portion under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017]
<<Enforcement Date : Dec. 13, 2018>> Article 60-2
 Article 60-3 (Registration of Establishment, etc. of Partitioned Superficies)
(1) Where a waterworks business operator reaches an agreement on the use of the underground portion of the land with an owner of or a person who has the right to use the land, etc. pursuant to the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects, the waterworks business operator shall establish or transfer partitioned superficies.
(2) Where a waterworks business operator receives a decision to expropriate or use the land by which he/she establishes or transfers partitioned superficies pursuant to the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects, he/she may individually apply for the registration of establishment or the registration of transfer of partitioned superficies by applying Article 99 of the Registration of Real Estate Act mutatis mutandis.
(3) Procedures for registration of partitioned superficies concerning the use of the underground portion of the land shall be prescribed by Rules of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea.
(4) Notwithstanding Articles 280 and 281 of the Civil Act, partitioned superficies under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall exist until the date waterworks exist.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017]
<<Enforcement Date : Dec. 13, 2018>> Article 60-3
 Article 61 (Entry into Third Party's Land)
(1) When it is necessary to conduct the waterworks business or to inspect the water-supply facilities, any waterworks business operator may enter the land of a third party or temporarily use it. When it is particularly necessary, he/she may alter the positions of or may remove standing trees, bamboo, clay and rocks, or others.
(2) Articles 130 (2) through (8) and 131 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to cases prescribed in paragraph (1). In such cases, an "implementer of an urban/Gun planning facility project" shall be construed as a "waterworks business operator" in this Act. <Amended by Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011>
CHAPTER VII SUPERVISION
 Article 62 (Supervision and Control)
When it is deemed necessary for the installation plan for the waterworks and the management of the waterworks business in order to preserve and improve the quality of tap water, efficiently operate and manage waterworks, the Minister of Environment may request the relevant waterworks business operator to revise the plan for the business, or may issue an order to improve the management of the relevant business, or may take other necessary measures.
 Article 63 (Measures against Violators, etc. of Acts and Subordinate Statutes)
(1) Where waterworks business operators or installers of exclusive waterworks fall under any of the following subparagraphs, an authorizing agency shall revoke authorization under this Act: <Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
1. Where construction work of the authorized waterworks or exclusive waterworks has not been commenced or completed even after one year has elapsed from the scheduled date for commencement or completion of the construction work;
2. Where tap water has not been supplied even after six months have elapsed from the scheduled date for commencement of water supply of the authorized waterworks;
3. Where authorization, a permit or approval under this Act has been obtained by deceitful or other unjust means.
(2) Where waterworks business operators (including a trustee) or installers of exclusive waterworks fall under any of the following, the authorizing agency may revoke authorization under this Act, issue an order to suspend the effect of authorization, suspend construction works, or rebuild, relocate, remove, alter, or remove a structure, or take other necessary measures: <Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
1. Where it has sold bottled tap water or sold it through re-treatment with apparatus, etc., in violation of Article 13 (1);
2. Where it has revised the authorized matters without having obtained authorization under the latter part of Article 17 (1) or the latter part of Article 49 (1);
3. Where waterworks falls short of the standards for facilities under this Act, in violation of Article 18 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50 or 53);
4. Where it has not undergone an examination of water and has supplied tap water without having undergone the examination, in violation of Article 19 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 53);
5. Where it has not designated a manager of the waterworks under Article 21 (6) (including the cases to which the aforesaid provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50, 53, or 54) or has not employed an operation administrator of the water purification facilities under paragraph (7) of the same Article;
6. Where it has not reported the conclusion of an entrustment contract under Article 23 (2) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
7. Where it has not informed the residents of details of violations, etc. of the standards for water quality, in violation of Article 27 (1) or has not taken necessary measures;
8. Where it falls short of standards for water purification under the main sentence of Article 28 (1) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 23 (3)) or has not complied with an order for measures under paragraph (8) of the same Article (including the cases to which the aforesaid provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 23 (3));
9. Where it has not examined the quality of water and has not analyzed the quantity of water, or has not draw up or kept a record of such examination and analysis, in violation of Article 29 (1) and (3) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53);
10. Where it has not filed a report on the quality of tap water, in violation of Article 31 (1);
11. Where it has violated the regulations concerning medical examination under Article 32 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53);
12. Where it has not taken sanitary measures such as disinfection, etc. under Article 33 (1) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53) or has not guided or supervised under paragraph (4) of the same Article;
13. Where it has not had the personnel required for operation of waterworks receive education, in violation of Article 36 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 23 (3));
14. Where it has violated the regulations concerning emergency suspension of water supply under Article 37 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53);
15. Where it has not obtained approval of the authorizing agency or has not obtained approval for the modification, in violation of Article 38 (1) ((including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
16. Where it has refused to supply tap water without any justifiable reason, in violation of Article 39 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50) or has not given public notice in advance when it is unable to supply tap water unavoidably;
17. Where it has not complied with an order for support for emergency water supply under Article 41 (1) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
18. Where it has discontinued or suspended a general waterworks business without having obtained a permit from an authorizing agency, in violation of Article 42 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
19. Where it has not installed and managed the hydrant on waterworks in violation of Article 45 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
20. Where it has done the acts under Article 61 (1) without having obtained a permit or consent under Article 130 (2) through (4) of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act applied mutatis mutandis under Article 61 (2) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3), 53 and 54);
21. Where it has not complied with an order for measures under Article 62;
22. Where it has not complied with an order of improvement under Article 64 (1) through (4);
23. Where it has not complied with an order for modification under Article 65;
24. Where it has refused, interfered with or evaded an inspection or has not filed a report under Article 66 (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 8805, Dec. 27, 2007]
 Article 64 (Improvement Orders, etc.)
(1) Where any authorizing agency admits that the waterworks do not meet the criteria therefor as prescribed by this Act, it may give the order for the improvement of the relevant facilities to the relevant waterworks business operator or the installer of the relevant exclusive waterworks by fixing a period.
(2) Where any authorizing agency admits that the management state of the waterworks is remarkably bad, it may give necessary orders to the relevant waterworks business operator or the installer of the relevant exclusive waterworks.
(3) Where natural disasters or other accidents resulting in the pollution of water, etc. negatively affect or are apprehended to negatively affect the supply of tap water to a great extent, the relevant authorizing agency may issue necessary orders to the relevant waterworks business operators or the installer of the relevant exclusive waterworks.
(4) The Minister of Environment may, ex officio, conduct investigations into a tap-water pollution accident that occurs in water purification facilities operated by a general waterworks business operator and may order the waterworks business operator to improve the operation and management of the facilities, if necessary, as a result of the investigations. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(5) Upon receipt of the order of improvement pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (4), a person shall perform improvements as ordered or shall formulate and submit a performance plan, within one month, unless extenuating circumstances exist. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(6) Article 131 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act shall apply mutatis mutandis where an order issued by the authorizing agency pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (4) causes any loss. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
 Article 65 (Modification of Terms for Supplying Tap-Water)
Where any authorizing agency admits the following items are remarkably unjust, that is, the rates for tap water, the bearing of the expenses of the installation of water-supply facilities or other conditions for supplying tap water as provided in the terms for water supply which the waterworks business operator, other than a local government, has determined in accordance with the main sentence of Article 38 (1), the authorizing agency may order the relevant waterworks business operator to modify them.
 Article 66 (Demand, etc. for Reports)
(1) Any authorizing agency may have the relevant public officials enter the waterworks-related facilities to inspect relevant documents, facilities, equipment and water quality or have a waterworks business operator or an installer of exclusive waterworks file a necessary report in order to verify whether the standards for facilities (including standards for use of materials and products for waterworks under Article 14 (3)) and water quality of waterworks are met. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
(2) Any person who performs an inspection as prescribed in paragraph (1) shall carry the voucher of his/her authority and show it to the relevant persons.
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 67 (Jurisdiction over Waterworks)
The jurisdiction of the Mayor/Do Governor over the waterworks business whose facilities extend over two or more Cities or Dos or any exclusive waterworks, shall be determined through their consultation and shall be exercised accordingly.
 Article 68 (Compulsory Collection of Tap-Water Rates, etc.)
(1) When any person who was supplied with tap water has not paid the rates for the supplied tap water, the expenses necessary to install the water-supply facilities or the charge imposed on the person who has caused to incur any expenses as prescribed in Article 71, the unpaid amount may be collected by the waterworks business operator who is the local government itself by referring to the practices of imposition of local taxes in arrears.
(2) A local government who supplied tap water to the area, other than its jurisdiction in accordance with Article 40 may delegate or entrust the local government which has jurisdiction over the relevant area with the compulsory collection prescribed in paragraph (1), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) A local government which is a waterworks business operator shall grant 4/100 of the collected money to another local government delegated or entrusted with the compulsory collection, as prescribed in paragraph (2).
 Article 69 (Limitation on Use of Income)
No waterworks business operator, other than the Korea Water Resources Corporation, shall use the income from the waterworks business for anything but the expenses incurred for the waterworks business itself or matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 70 (Bearing of Costs for Installation of Waterworks)
Costs for installing the waterworks (excluding any water-supply facilities) shall be borne by the relevant waterworks business operator.
 Article 71 (Charges Imposed on Causers)
(1) In performing the construction works of waterworks, a waterworks business operator may have a person who has incurred expenses (including any person who has caused new installation, expansion, etc. of waterworks facilities in a housing complex or industrial facilities, etc. which consume much tap water), or a person who has operated a business or has done an act that inflicts damage to waterworks facilities bear all or some of expenses incurred for the construction work of the relevant waterworks, the maintenance of waterworks facilities or the protection from damage to waterworks facilities.
(2) The criteria for computing the charges under paragraph (1), the collection methods of the relevant charges and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Charges under paragraph (1) may be used only as expenses incurred in relation to construction, such as the installation, extension, removal and installation, reinstallation and overhaul of waterworks. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
 Article 72 (Payment of Water Rates, etc.)
Any person supplied with tap water from a waterworks business operator who is a local government or any person who should pay charges under Article 71 (1) to a waterworks business operator who is a local government may pay water rates or such charges by credit card or debit card under the Specialized Credit Finance Business Act or by means of electronic currency, electronic payment, etc. by using information and communications networks, as prescribed by ordinance of the relevant local government.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011]
 Article 73 (Research and Development of Technologies)
(1) To promote the research and development of technologies for waterworks, the Minister of Environment may formulate a plan for the research and development of technologies, entrust an institution, organization, or business operator referred to in any subparagraph of Article 5 (1) of the Environmental Technology and Industry Support Act with the research and development, and assist such institution, organization, or business operator. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
(2) To fulfill efficiently the education or training of the persons that engage in the field of waterworks, the Minister of Environment may develop a plan for the education or training concerning waterworks and may entrust the educating and training task to a professional waterworks research institute with providing necessary support.
(3) The Minister of Environment and the heads of local governments may implement policies that are designed to provide technical guidance and training programs for technicians in order to support manufacturers specializing in making waterworks, machinery and materials and to train waterworks specialists.
 Article 74 (Technical Diagnosis on Waterworks)
(1) Waterworks business operators shall conduct every five years the technical diagnosis on the relevant waterworks, including filtration plants and waterworks pipe network, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment and develop and implement a plan for improving the waterworks taking into account the results of such technical diagnosis.
(2) Waterworks business operators may have such person as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment conduct technical diagnosis referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) Waterworks business operators shall notify the authorizing agency of the results of the technical diagnosis and the results of the formulation and implementation of a plan for the improvement of waterworks under paragraph (1) by the deadline prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Amended by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
 Article 74-2 (Establishment and Operation of National Waterworks Information Center)
(1) The Minister of Environment may establish and operate a national waterworks information center (hereinafter referred to as the "Center" in this Article) for the efficient management and utilization of outcomes of inspections of water quality and analyses of water quantity, current conditions of facilities for the production and supply of water, and data about the evaluation of waterworks services.
(2) Where the Minister of Environment deems it necessary for the operation of the Center, he/she may request waterworks business operators to submit relevant data.
(3) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in paragraphs (1) and (2), necessary matters concerning the establishment and operation of the Center shall be determined and publicly notified by the Minister of Environment.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013]
 Article 75 (Subsidies from National Treasury, etc.)
The State may provide any waterworks business operator with a subsidy or a loan to cover expenses incurred in relation to the waterworks business: Provided, That where a waterworks business operator who is a local government installs any waterworks, improves the deteriorated waterworks, or operates seawater desalination facilities, all or some of such expenses may be subsidized, as prescribed by Presidential Decree by taking account of the financial self-support level of the relevant local government. <Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
 Article 76 (Assistance to Persons Migrating from Area to be Submerged due to Construction of Dams for Waterworks Business)
Articles 39 and 40 of the Act on Construction of Dams and Assistance, etc. to Their Environs shall apply mutatis mutandis to the assistance to persons migrating from the area to be submerged due to the construction of dams for waterworks business. In such cases, the term "person entrusted with dam management" and "person scheduled to be entrusted with dam management" referred to in the Act on Construction of Dams and Assistance, etc. to Their Environs shall be construed as "waterworks business operator" referred to in this Act.
 Article 77 (Sale or Rent of Nationally-Owned Land)
As for the land which is categorized as the miscellaneous property of the State and which is directly necessary for the waterworks business, the State may sell or rent it, by means of a contract ad libitum, to the relevant waterworks business operator, notwithstanding Article 33 of the State Property Act. <Amended by Act No. 9401, Jan. 30, 2009>
 Article 78 (Delegation or Entrustment of Authority)
(1) The Minister of Environment or the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may partially delegate his/her authority under this Act to the Mayor/Do Governor, the head of a regional environmental office, or the head of a regional national land management office, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 8805, Dec. 27, 2007; Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The Minister of Environment or the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may partially entrust his/her duty under this Act to the Korea Environment Corporation, the Korea Water Resources Corporation, the Association, or an institution specializing in testing and approval, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
 Article 79 (Hearings)
Where the Minister of Environment, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the Mayor/Do Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu intends to take any of the following dispositions, he/she shall hold a hearing: <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
1. Revocation of the certification that is granted under Article 14-2 (1);
2. Revocation of the registration of a water-saving business under Article 15-3;
3. Revocation of the qualification of a certified operation manager of water-purification facilities under Article 25;
4. An order to close a place of business for cleaning water tanks under Article 35;
5. Revocation of the authorization for a waterworks business under Article 63.
 Article 80 (Legal Fiction of Public Officials for Purposes of Penal Provisions)
Any entity that performs any affairs entrusted under Article 23 (including the cases applied mutatis mutandis under Article 50) and Article 78 (2), and any of its executives or employees shall be deemed a public official for the purposes of Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act. <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
CHAPTER IX PENAL PROVISIONS
 Article 81 (Penal Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years or by a fine not exceeding 50 million won: <Amended by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 12518, Mar. 24, 2014>
1. A person that conducts waterworks business without having obtained authorization under the forepart of the main body of Article 17 (1), or the forepart of the main sentence of Article 49 (1);
2. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) or installer of the private-use waterworks that fails to immediately suspend the supply of tap water, in violation of Article 37 (1) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53).
 Article 82 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding 30 million won: <Amended by Act No. 12518, Mar. 24, 2014; Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. A person who sells tap water bottled or re-treated by using instruments, etc., in violation of Article 13 (1);
2. A person who fails to follow an order for collecting, etc. pursuant to Article 14-4 (1).
 Article 83 (Penal Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding 20 million won: <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013; Act No. 12518, Mar. 24, 2014; Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. A person that breaches the prohibition or restriction under Article 7 (3) or (4);
1-2. A person who obtains certification under Article 14 (1) by deception or other fraudulent means;
1-3. A person who fails to obtain certification or manufactures, imports, supplies or sells products, etc. not meeting standards of periodic inspections or occasional inspections under Article 14 (8), in violation of Article 14 (2);
1-4. A person that uses materials or products for waterworks, the certification of which is not obtained, or which falls short of standards, in violation of Article 14 (3);
1-5. A person that attaches a certification mark to materials or products for waterworks, the certification of which is not obtained, or the packaging thereof, in violation of Article 14 (5);
2. A waterworks business operator that revises the authorized matters without having obtained authorization under the latter part of the main sentence of Article 17 (1), or the latter part of the main body of Article 49 (1);
3. A person that installs water tanks which are not in conformity with the standards, in violation of Article 18 (3);
4. A person that installs waterworks connected to the existing tap water pipelines, or modifies or damages waterworks, in violation of Article 20 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to under Article 50);
5. A person that lends his/her qualification certificate to any other person, in violation of Article 24 (4);
6. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee), installer of private-use waterworks, or owner or manager of buildings or facilities who fails to take sanitary measures, including disinfection, or measures, including washing, in violation of Article 33 (1) through (3) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 23 (3) and 53);
7. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) or installer of private-use waterworks that fails to make the situation known to the residents of the relevant district or fails to take necessary measures, such as the inspection of water quality and the supply of emergency water, in violation of Article 37 (2) (including the cases mutatis mutandis under Articles 23 (3) and 53);
8. A waterworks business operator that fails to obtain authorization from an authorizing agency or who revises the details of the authorization granted by the authorizing agency, in violation of Article 38 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
9. A waterworks business operator that fails to comply with an order for the urgent supply of tap water under Article 41 (1) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
10. A waterworks business operator that closes or suspends all or any part of the waterworks business without having obtained a permit under Article 42 (including the cases to which the aforesaid provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
11. A waterworks business operator that fails to conduct the technical diagnosis on waterworks under Article 74 (1).
 Article 84 (Penal Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by a fine not exceeding three million won:
1. A person who run the water-tank cleaning business without having filing a report on it or who files a false report thereon, in violation of Article 34 (1);
2. A person who continues to run the water-tank cleaning business after having received an order for the closure of the place of water-tank cleaning business under Article 35;
3. Deleted; <by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
4. A person (including a trustee) who does an act prescribed in Article 61 (1) without obtaining a permit or approval under Article 130 (2) through (4) of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act which is applied mutatis mutandis under Article 61 (2) (including the cases applied mutatis mutandis under Articles 23 (3), 53 and 54).
 Article 85 (Penal Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two million won: <Amended by Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
1. A waterworks business operator or installer of the exclusive waterworks who provides tap water without having undergone the inspection of the quality of water, in violation of Article 19 (2) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 53);
2. Deleted; <by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
3. A general waterworks business operator who fails to inform residents of details of violations, in violation of Article 27 (1);
4. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) that fails to comply with an order to take measures, in violation of Article 28 (8) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 23 (3));
5. A general waterworks business operator or installer of private-use waterworks that fails to perform the inspection of water quality or the analysis of water quantity under Article 29 (1) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53);
6. Deleted; <by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
7. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) or installer of the private-use waterworks that fails to arrange for the medical checkup under Article 32 (1) (including the cases to which the aforesaid provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53);
8. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) or installer of the private-use waterworks that allows the person, admitted to have a disease which is likely to harm other people, to work for his/her waterworks business or to reside within the area of the waterworks, in violation of Article 32 (2) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53);
9. A waterworks business operator that refuses, without any justifiable reason, to supply tap water, in violation of Article 39 (1) (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 50);
10. Deleted; <by Act No. May 25, 2010>
11. A person that installs the exclusive waterworks without having obtained authorization under Article 52 (including the cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 54);
12. A waterworks business operator that violates a request for modification of business plans, order for improvement of business management and other necessary measures and orders, in violation of Article 62;
13. A waterworks business operator or installer of exclusive waterworks that fails to comply with an order issued for the improvement of facilities under Article 64 (1) through (4).
 Article 86 (Joint Penal Provisions)
When the representative of a corporation, or an agent, employee or other servant of the corporation or an individual commits a violation under Articles 81 through 85 in connection with the business of the corporation or the individual, in addition to the punishment on such violator, the corporation or the individual shall be punished by under each relevant Article: Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant duties to prevent such violation.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010]
 Article 87 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding ten million won. <Amended by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. A person who violates matters which should be observed under Article 7-2 (4);
2. A person who refuses, interferes with or evades a periodic inspection or occasional inspection under Article 14 (6).
(2) Any of the following persons shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding five million won. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
1. A person who manufactures, imports, supplies, or sells products, etc. different from those certified pursuant to Article 14 (1);
2. A person who fails to report the result, etc. of measures following a recommendation or order to perform collection, etc. pursuant to Article 14-3 (2) or 14-4 (2);
3. A person who refuses, interferes with or avoids an on-site inspection under Article 14-5 or fails to submit data (including the person who submit false data).
(3) Any of the following persons shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding three million won: <Amended by Act No. 10317, May. 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013; Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. Deleted; <by Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016>
2. A person that fails to indicate certification, in violation of Article 14 (4) or indicates certification differently from certified matters;
3. A person that fails to install a water-saving fixture or water-saving device, in violation of Article 15 (1) or (2);
3-2. A person that fails to label the volume of water usage on a water-using appliance, in violation of Article 16 or describes the volume of water usage with a false label;
3-3. A waterworks business operator or an installer of private-use waterworks that fails to appoint a waterworks manager, in violation of Article 21 (6) (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 50, 53, and 54);
4. A waterworks business operator that fails to report the conclusion of a contract for entrustment, in violation of Article 23 (2) (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
4-2. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) that violates Article 28 (4), (5), (6), or (7) (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 23 (3));
4-3. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) that fails to inspect the actual conditions of the spread of pathogenic microorganisms, in violation of Article 28-2 (1) (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 23 (3));
5. A general waterworks business operator that fails to provide a report on tap water quality, in violation of Article 31 (1);
6. A waterworks business operator that fails to install a fire hydrant on waterworks, in violation of Article 45 (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
7. A person that interferes with or refuses acts, such as entry into land, necessary for the performance of waterworks or an inspection of water supply facilities under Article 61 (1) without justifiable grounds.
(4) Any of the following persons shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding one million won: <Amended by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011; Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011; Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
1. A person that fails to file a report, in violation of the proviso to Article 7 (4);
2. A person that fails to follow an implementation order issued by a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu under Article 15 (3);
3. Deleted; <by Act No. 10359, Jun. 8, 2010>
3-2. through 3-4. Deleted; <by Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
4. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) that fails to keep and preserve records of inspections of water quality and analyses of water quantity or fails to disclose such records through an Internet web-site, etc., or an installer of private-use waterworks that fails to keep and preserve records of inspections of water quality and analyses of water quantity, in violation of Article 29 (3) (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53);
5. A general waterworks business operator (including a trustee) or installer of private-use waterworks that fails to prepare and keep a record on the medical checkup, in violation of Article 32 (3) (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Articles 23 (3) and 53);
6. A person that closes or suspends his/her business without reporting thereon, in violation of Article 34 (2);
7. Any of the following persons that fail to receive education about the management of waterworks or fails to cause any other person to receive such education, in violation of Article 36 (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 23 (3)):
(a) Any owner or manager of building or facilities;
(b) Any water-tank cleaning business operator;
(c) Any general waterworks business operator (including a trustee);
8. A waterworks business operator that fails to give a public notice in advance on an area in which and the period during which tap water cannot be provided, in violation of Article 39 (2) (including cases to which the aforementioned provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 50);
9. A waterworks business operator or installer of exclusive waterworks that refuses, or interferes with, or evades an inspection or that fails to file a necessary report, as prescribed in Article 66 (1).
(5) Administrative fines provided for in paragraphs (1) through (4) shall be imposed and collected by the Minister of Environment, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, a Mayor/Do Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008; Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016>
(6) and (7) Deleted. <by Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provision of Article 19 (55) of the Addenda shall enter into force on July 4, 2007, the amended provisions of Articles 7 (3) 1 and 56 (1) on September 28, 2007, the amended provisions of Articles 68 and 71 on January 4, 2008.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Enforcement Dates)
Pursuant to the proviso to Article 1 of the Addenda, the former provisions of Article 5 (3) 1 and 39 (1) that correspond to the amended provisions of Articles 7 (3) 1 and 56 (1) shall apply until the amended provisions of Articles 7 (3) 1 and 56 (1) enter into force.
Article 3 (Period of Validity)
The amended provisions of subparagraph 15 of Article 3, Article 14, and Article 87 (1) 1 and (2) 1 shall remain valid until September 27, 2007, and the amended provision of Article 72 shall remain valid until January 3, 2008.
Article 4 (Applicability to Collection of Charges Imposed on Persons who Incur Expenses)
The portion concerning the collection of charges imposed on a person who has incurred expenses required for the waterworks construction work from among the amended provision of Article 51 (1) of the partial amendment to the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 8208) shall apply to the charges imposed on or after January 4, 2008.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Designation of Water-Source Protection Areas)
Any water-source protection area designated on or before December 15, 1992 pursuant to the former provisions of the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 4429) shall be deemed the water-source protection area designated pursuant to this Act.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Authorization on General Waterworks Business)
The person who has received authorization on general waterworks business on or before August 3, 1994 pursuant to the former provisions of the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 4781) shall be deemed to have received authorization pursuant to this Act.
Article 7 (Transitional Measures concerning Authorization on Exclusive Waterworks)
The person who has received authorization on exclusive waterworks on or before March 1, 1998 pursuant to the former provision of the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 5396) shall be deemed to have received authorization pursuant to this Act.
Article 8 (Transitional Measures concerning Small Water Supply System)
The small water supply systems which supply water for a population of less than 100 persons or supply water less than 20㎥ a day pursuant to the former provision at the time when the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 5396) entered into force on March 1, 1998 shall be deemed the small water supply system designated pursuant to subparagraph 14 of Article 3.
Article 9 (Applicability to Installation of Used-Water Purification Waterworks and Rain-Utilization Facilities)
The amended provisions of Articles 14 (1) and (4), and 16 shall apply to the construction permit granted on or after the date when the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 6449) enters into force.
Article 10 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Authority)
Acts, such as administrative disposition, done by the Special Metropolitan City Mayor and Metropolitan City Mayor and acts, such as report, done toward the Special Metropolitan City Mayor and Metropolitan City Mayor on or before September 29, 2001 pursuant to the former provisions of Articles 5 (4), 21 (1) and (2), and 21-3 (1) of the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 6449) shall be deemed the acts done by the Special Metropolitan City Mayor and Metropolitan City Mayor and the acts done toward the Special Metropolitan City Mayor and Metropolitan City Mayor pursuant to this Act.
Article 11 (Transitional Measures concerning Korea Tap-Water and Waterworks Association)
(1) The Korea Waterworks and Sewerage Association to be established pursuant to Article 39 of the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 6449) shall comprehensively succeed to the rights and responsibilities of the Korea Tap-Water and Waterworks Association pursuant to the former provision.
(2) The Korea Tap-Water and Waterworks Association at the time when the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 6449) entered into force on September 29, 2001 shall be deemed to have dissolved pursuant to Article 77 of the Civil Act at the time when the Korea Waterworks and Sewerage Association is established pursuant to Article 39 of the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 6449).
Article 12 (Applicability to Bearing of Installation Costs for Waterworks)
The amended provision of Article 70 shall apply to the water-purification facility installed on or after the date when the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 6828) entered into force.
Article 13 (Transitional Measures concerning Succession to Position of Waterworks Business Operator)
The business operator of wide-area waterworks installed or under installation at the time when the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 6826) entered into force on December 26, 2002 may succeed to the position of the waterworks business operator who is being supplied with water from the relevant wide-area waterworks pursuant to the proviso to the former Article 52-2 (1) after refunding or paying by proxy the amount of the expense for installing water-purification facility. In this case, he/she shall consult with the relevant waterworks business operator in advance.
Article 14 (Refund of Expense Borne for Installation of Waterworks)
The refund of the amount that has been borne to cover the installation expense for water-purification facility pursuant to Article 12 of the Addenda shall be the same amount as the investment amount pursuant to the former Article 52-2 (3) at the time when the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 6828) entered into force.
Article 15 (Transitional Measures concerning Tap-Water Quality Evaluation Committee)
The selection, etc. of objects of inspection by the Tap-Water Quality Evaluation Committee pursuant to the former provision of Article 19-2 on or before June 30, 2006, the date when the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 7777) entered into force shall be deemed to have been executed by the Tap-Water Evaluation Committee pursuant to the provisions of Article 19-2 of the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 7777).
Article 16 (Transitional Measures concerning Collection of Charges Imposed on A person who has Caused to Incur Expenses)
The charges that have been imposed on a person who has inflicted damages pursuant to the former provisions on or before January 4, 2008, the date when the amended Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act (Act No. 8208) enters into force shall be deemed to have been imposed pursuant to the same Act.
Article 17 (General Transitional Measures concerning Disposition, etc.)
The acts by administrative agencies and acts against administrative agencies pursuant to the former provisions at the time when this Act enters into force shall be deemed the acts by administrative agencies and acts against administrative agencies pursuant to this Act corresponding thereto.
Article 18 (General Transitional Measures concerning Penal Provisions and Fine for Negligence)
The application of the penal provisions and fines for negligence to an act committed before this Act enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
Article 19 Omitted.
Article 20 (Relationship with Other Acts and Subordinate Statutes)
Where the former Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act or a provision thereof is cited in other Acts and subordinate statutes at the time when this Act enters into force, this Act or the corresponding provision in this Act shall be deemed to have been cited in place of the former provision if there is a corresponding provision in this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8466, May 17, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 8805, Dec. 27, 2007>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8819, Dec. 27, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8820, Dec. 27, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9401, Jan. 30, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 11 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9774, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 19 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 14 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10317, May 25, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 2 (6), 23 (1), 23 (5) through (7), 30 (2) through (4), 38 (3) and 39 (3) shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation, the amended provisions of Articles 7-2 and 87 (1) 1 six months after the date of its promulgation, the amended provisions of Articles 14, 14-2, 16, 18 (2), 53, 66 (1), subparagraph 1 of Article 79, subparagraphs 1-2 through 1-4 of Article 83, Article 87 (2) 1 and 2 and subparagraphs 3-2 through 3-4 of Article 87 (3) one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Establishment of Rain-Utilization Facilities)
The amended provisions of Article 16 (1) shall begin to apply from the first permission for construction after the enforcement of the said amended provisions.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Certification of Materials and Products to be Used for Waterworks)
Materials and products used for waterworks, manufactured or imported before the enforcement of the amended provisions of Article 14, may be supplied, sold or used from the enforcement date of the amended provisions until six months elapse after the enforcement date of the said amended provisions notwithstanding the said amended provisions.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Deliberation Committee on Entrustment of Waterworks Management)
The committee for deliberating on entrustment established before this Act enters into force, shall be deemed the committee for deliberating on the entrustment of waterworks management established under this Act.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Penal Provisions)
The application of penal provisions to acts committed before this Act enters into force shall be governed by the previous provisions.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation (Proviso Omitted).
Articles 2 through 13 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10359, Jun. 8, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10976, Jul. 28, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Village Waterworks and Small Water Supply Facilities)
(1) Village waterworks which has received authorization or authorization for change from the head of a Gu or the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City before this Act enters into force shall be deemed received authorization or authorization for change from the Special Metropolitan City Mayor or Metropolitan City Mayor pursuant to this Act.
(2) Small water supply facilities designated by the head of a Gu or the head of a Gun in a Metropolitan City before this Act enters into force shall be deemed designated by the Special Metropolitan City Mayor or Metropolitan City Mayor pursuant to this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11020, Aug. 4, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 11 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11085, Nov. 14, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions concerning a Special Self-Governing City and the Mayor thereof shall enter into force on July 1, 2012.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Installation of Water-Saving Fixtures, etc.)
A person who conducts sport facilities business (excluding country club business) under Article 10 (1) of the Installation and Utilization of Sports Facilities Act and a person who installs public toilets under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Public Toilets, etc. Act as at the time this Act enters into force shall install water-saving fixtures and water-saving devices in accordance with the amended provisions of Article 15 (2) within one year after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11862, Jun. 4, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2015.
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12141, Dec. 30, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Formulation of Water Quality Control Plans for Water-Source Protection Areas)
The Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of a Self-Governing Province, and the head of the relevant Si/Gun/Gu shall formulate the first water quality control plan under the provisions of Article 8-2 within one year after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Period of Restriction on Certification)
The amended provisions of Article 14-2 (2) 2 shall apply where the certification is revoked after this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Technical Diagnosis of Waterworks)
The amended provisions of Article 74 (3) shall apply to where technical diagnosis shall be conducted after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 25 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12518, Mar. 24, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 7-3 shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of an Act, promulgated before this Act enters into force, but the date they are to enter into force, has not yet arrived, among Acts amended pursuant to Article 6 of Addenda, shall enter into force on the date the relevant Act enters into force.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13166, Feb. 3, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Grounds for Disqualification Persons Declared Incompetent)
“Incompetent persons under adult guardianship” in the amended provisions of Article 24 (2) 1 shall be deemed to include persons upon whom a declaration of incompetence remains effective under Article 2 of the Addenda to the partially amended Civil Act (Act No. 10429).
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13529, Dec. 1, 2015>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13878, Jan. 27, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 24-2 shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Measures against Persons who Cheated on Examination)
The amended provisions of Article 24-2 shall begin to apply from the first qualifying examination for certified operation managers of water-purification facilities conducted after the same amended provisions enter into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures following Enforcement of the Wholly Amended Housing Act (Act No. 13805))
“Subparagraph 3 of Article 2” in the amended provisions of Article 33 (2) and (3) 2 shall be construed as “subparagraph 2 of Article 2” until August 11, 2016.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among Acts amended pursuant to Article 6 of Addenda, amended parts of Acts which were promulgated before this Act enters into force, the enforcement dates of which have not arrived, shall enter into force on the enforcement dates of the relevant Acts, respectively.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among Acts amended pursuant to Article 5 of Addenda, amended parts of Acts which were promulgated before this Act enters into force, the enforcement dates of which have not arrived, shall enter into force on the enforcement dates of the relevant Acts, respectively.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15193, Dec. 12, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 60-2 and 60-3 shall enter into force one year after the date of the promulgation thereof.
Article 2 (Applicability to Compensation for Use of Underground Portion of Land)
The amended provisions of Article 60-2 shall apply beginning with cases where a waterworks business operator uses the underground portion of the land of another for the first time to install water works after the aforesaid provisions enter into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Period of Existence of Partitioned Superficies)
The amended provision of Article 60-3 (4) shall apply beginning with cases where a waterworks business operator establishes or transfers partitioned superficies concerning the use of the underground portion of the land of another for the first time to install water works after the aforesaid provisions enter into force.