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URBAN RAILROAD ACT

Act No. 3167, Apr. 17, 1979

Amended by Act No. 3846, May 12, 1986

Act No. 4308, Dec. 31, 1990

Act No. 4371, May 31, 1991

Act No. 4419, Dec. 14, 1991

Act No. 4429, Dec. 14, 1991

Act No. 4434, Dec. 14, 1991

Act No. 4533, Dec. 8, 1992

Act No. 4578, Aug. 5, 1993

Act No. 4924, Jan. 5, 1995

Act No. 5112, Dec. 29, 1995

Act No. 5453, Dec. 13, 1997

Act No. 5454, Dec. 13, 1997

Act No. 5893, Feb. 8, 1999

Act No. 5967, Apr. 15, 1999

Act No. 6642, Jan. 26, 2002

Act No. 6656, Feb. 4, 2002

Act No. 6841, Dec. 30, 2002

Act No. 6893, May 29, 2003

Act No. 6917, May 29, 2003

Act No. 7053, Dec. 31, 2003

Act No. 7245, Oct. 22, 2004

Act No. 7303, Dec. 31, 2004

Act No. 7678, Aug. 4, 2005

Act No. 7713, Dec. 7, 2005

Act No. 8014, Sep. 27, 2006

Act No. 8338, Apr. 6, 2007

Act No. 8352, Apr. 11, 2007

Act No. 8370, Apr. 11, 2007

Act No. 8486, May 25, 2007

Act No. 8509, Jul. 13, 2007

Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 8976, Mar. 21, 2008

Act No. 9071, Mar. 28, 2008

Act No. 9401, Jan. 30, 2009

Act No. 9607, Apr. 1, 2009

Act No. 9636, Apr. 22, 2009

Act No. 9772, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 10266, Apr. 15, 2010

Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010

Act No. 10580, Apr. 12, 2011

Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011

Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 12643, May 21, 2014

Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014

Act No. 13183, Feb. 3, 2015

Act No. 13688, Dec. 29, 2015

Act No. 13726, Jan. 6, 2016

Act No. 14090, Mar. 22, 2016

Act No. 14339, Dec. 2, 2016

Act No. 14476, Dec. 27, 2016

Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

Act No. 15318, Dec. 26, 2017

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the development of urban traffic, and promotion of the safety and convenience of urban transport users by accelerating the construction of urban railroads, rationalizing the operation of urban railroads, and efficiently managing urban rolling stock, etc. in order to facilitate urban traffic flow.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 12643, May 21, 2014; Act No. 13726, Jan. 6, 2016>
1. The term “urban traffic zone” means a traffic zone designated and announced pursuant to Article 4 of the Urban Traffic Improvement Promotion Act;
2. The term "urban railroads" means railroads, monorails, trams, linear induction motors, magnetic levitation trains, and other traffic facilities and means of transportation using tracks, which are constructed and operated within urban traffic zones to facilitate urban traffic flow;
3. The term "urban railroad facilities" means any of the following facilities (including their sites):
(a) Urban railroad tracks, stations, and station facilities (including logistics facilities, transfer facilities, sales facilities, business facilities, convenience facilities, accommodation facilities, culture and assembly facilities, and other facilities located in the stations);
(b) Track repair bases, rolling stock maintenance depots, rolling stock storage, warehouse facilities, and depots to repair and maintain tracks and urban rolling stock;
(c) Power equipment, information and communications equipment, and signaling and train control equipment for urban railroads;
(d) Facilities for the development, testing, and research of urban railroad technologies;
(e) Educational and training facilities for the study of urban railroad management and training of railroad experts;
(f) Other facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree for the construction, maintenance, repair, and operation of urban railroads;
4. The term "urban railroad business" means urban railroad construction business, urban railroad transportation business, and other business incidental to urban railroads;
5. The term “urban railroad construction business” means activities involving the construction of new railroad facilities, improvement of the performance and functions of existing urban railroad facilities, extension of urban railroad facilities, services incidental to the construction of urban railroad facilities, and other activities;
6. The term “urban railroad transportation business” means any of the following activities related to urban railroads:
(a) Transportation of passengers and freight using urban railroad facilities;
(b) Maintenance of urban rolling stock and managing the operation of trains;
(c) Deleted; <by Act No. 12643, May 21, 2014>
6-2. The term “business incidental to urban railroads” means any of the following business using urban railroad facilities, urban rolling stock, urban railroad sites, etc.:
(a) Inter-modal transportation services with other means of transportation;
(b) Business of manufacturing, selling, maintaining, or leasing rolling stock, equipment and installations for urban railroads;
(c) Business entrusted by the State, a local government, a public corporation, etc. including maintenance and repair of urban railroad facilities;
(d) Development and operational business using station areas, urban railroad facilities or sites, which is prescribed by Presidential Decree;
(e) Business of developing transfer complexes provided for in the National Transport System Efficiency Act, which is prescribed by Presidential Decree;
(f) Logistics business provided for in the Framework Act on Logistics Policies, which is prescribed by Presidential Decree;
(g) Tourism business provided for in the Tourism Promotion Act, which is prescribed by Presidential Decree;
(h) Outdoor advertising business provided for in the Act on the Management of Outdoor Advertisements, etc. and Promotion of Outdoor Advertisement Industry which is prescribed by Presidential Decree;
(i) Business related to surveys, research, informatization, technological development, and training of human resources in connection with the business referred to in any of items (a) through (h);
(j) Business incidental to the business referred to in any of items (a) through (h), which is prescribed by Presidential Decree;
7. The term "urban railroad constructor" means any urban railroad business operator who has obtained approval for its urban railroad business plan under Article 7 (1);
8. The term "urban railroad operator" means any person who engages in urban railroad transportation business, including the State, a local government, or a person licensed to engage in urban railroad transportation business under Article 26 (including a concessionaire as provided for in the Act on Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure who engages in the private investment project for urban railroads);
9. The term “urban railroad employee” means any person who performs duties related to the operation control and maintenance of urban rolling stock, train service and station service for urban railroad users, maintenance of urban railroad facilities, and others related to the safe operation of urban rolling stock and maintenance of order therein.
 Article 3 (Scope of Application)
This Act shall apply to the following urban railroads:
1. An urban railroad constructed and operated by the State under this Act;
2. An urban railroad constructed and operated under this Act by a local government that has obtained approval for its urban railroad project under Article 7 (1), a local government-invested public corporation established under the Local Public Enterprises Act to operate urban railroad business (hereinafter referred to as "urban railroad corporation"), or other corporations;
3. An urban railroad constructed and operated by a corporation entrusted with urban railroad construction business or urban railroad transportation business from the State or a local government under Article 24 or 42.
 Article 4 (Relationship to other Acts)
The Railroad Safety Act shall apply to the safety of urban railroads.
CHAPTER II CONSTRUCTION OF URBAN RAILROADS
 Article 5 (Establishment, etc. of Plans to Construct Urban Railroad Networks)
(1) A Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Self-Governing City, a Do Governor and the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as “Mayor/Do Governor”) shall establish a ten-year plan to construct urban railroad networks (hereinafter referred to as “urban railroad network plan”) after holding consultations with the competent Mayor/Do Governor, if he/she intends to construct and operate an urban railroad within the urban traffic zone under his/her jurisdiction. The same shall also apply to any revision thereto.
(2) The urban railroad network plans shall include the following:
1. Descriptions of the characteristics and traffic conditions of the relevant urban traffic zone, and forecast of future transportation demand;
2. A mid-to-long term plan to construct urban railroad networks;
3. System building for inter-modal transportation with other means of transportation;
4. A plan to raise necessary funds and investment priorities;
5. Other matters prescribed by Ordinance of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, which are necessary for constructing systematic urban railroad networks.
(3) The urban railroad network plans shall be established in line with the following plans:
1. Plans for key national traffic networks established under Article 4 of the National Transport System Efficiency Act;
2. Medium-term investment plans for traffic facilities established under Article 6 of the National Transport System Efficiency Act;
3. Master plans for intercity transportation in metropolitan areas established under Article 3 of the Special Act on the Management of Intercity Transport in Metropolitan Areas;
4. Plans to implement intercity transportation in metropolitan areas established under Article 3-2 of the Special Act on the Management of Intercity Transport in Metropolitan Areas;
5. Master plans to improve urban traffic established under Article 5 of the Urban Traffic Improvement Promotion Act;
6. Medium-term plans to improve urban traffic established under Article 8 of the Urban Traffic Improvement Promotion Act;
7. Master plans for a mass transit system established under Article 5 of the Act on the Support and Promotion of Utilization of Mass Transit System.
(4) A Mayor/Do Governor shall obtain approval from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to establish or revise an urban railroad network plan.
(5) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall make necessary adjustments to the urban railroad network plans, hold consultations with the heads of the relevant administrative agencies, grant approval after deliberation by the National Traffic Council under Article 106 of the National Transport System Efficiency Act, and give public notice thereof in the Official Gazette: Provided, That the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall omit deliberation by National Traffic Council and public notice when he/she approves a revision to any minor matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(6) A Mayor/Do Governor shall review the propriety of an urban railroad network plan every five years from the date of establishment of the urban railroad network plan and shall revise such urban railroad network plan, if necessary.
 Article 6 (Establishment, etc, of Master Plan for Urban Railroads by Route)
(1) A Mayor/Do Governor shall establish a master plan for urban railroads by route (hereinafter referred to as “master plan”) in consultation with the relevant Mayors/Do Governors for those routes he/she intends to construct, of the urban railroad routes included in a urban railroad network plan: Provided, That the Mayor/Do Governor may choose not to establish the master plan for an urban railroad, which is promoted as a public-private partnership project under the Act on Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure, in consultation with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(2) The master plan shall include the following:
1. Descriptions of the characteristics and traffic conditions of the relevant urban traffic zone, and forecast of future transportation demand;
2. Economic viability and financial feasibility analysis of the construction and operation of urban railroads, and other feasibility assessment;
3. Outline of rail routes, including the name and total length of the routes, terminal stations, locations of stations, and the rolling stock depot;
4. Construction period and total construction costs;
5. A financing plan and funds management plan, including the ratio of funds to be borne by each local government;
6. Measures for road traffic in areas where the urban railroad is to be constructed during the construction period;
7. Matters regarding the building of a system for inter-modal transportation with other means of transportation;
8. Other necessary matters prescribed by Ordinance of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(3) A Mayor/Do Governor shall consult with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport on important matters of the master plan prescribed by Presidential Decree, hold a hearing to seek the opinions of residents, related experts, etc., and submit the master plan to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport after hearing the opinions of the relevant local council: Provided, That if the Mayor/Do Governor intends to revise minor matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, he/she may omit the prior consultation, hearings, and the procedure of seeking the opinions of a local council.
(4) Upon receipt of the master plan submitted under paragraph (3), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall adjust necessary matters, such as routes to be constructed, construction period, total construction costs, and financing plans including the ratio of funds to be borne by each local government, and approve the master plan in consultations with the heads of the relevant administrative agencies.
(5) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall give public notice upon approving the master plan under paragraph (4): Provided, That this shall not apply to any revision to minor matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 7 (Approval, etc. of Business Plans)
(1) A person who intends to construct an urban railroad pursuant to the master plan shall establish an urban railroad business plan (hereinafter referred to as “business plan”), and obtain approval from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. The same shall also apply to any revision thereto.
(2) Where a person who intends to construct an urban railroad pursuant to the master plan applies for approval of its business plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall announce the purport thereof in advance and make the copies of related documents available to the general public for inspection for at least 20 days. In such cases, he/she shall notify the owners of land to be incorporated into the site for urban railroad facilities and relevant persons as defined in subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works (hereinafter referred to as “owner, etc.”) of the fact: Provided, That such notification may be omitted if the owners, etc. or their addresses are unknown, or in cases prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Owners, etc. may present written opinions to the applicant for approval of his/her business plan within the period for inspection set under paragraph (2).
(4) An applicant for approval of his/her business plan shall reflect the opinions presented under paragraph (3) in an application for approval of the business plan if such opinions are deemed reasonable, and shall attach to the application the written opinions that have not been reflected.
(5) When approving a business plan, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall reflect the written opinions attached under paragraph (3) in the business plan, if such opinions are deemed reasonable.
(6) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall give public notice in the Official Gazette upon granting approval for a business plan under paragraph (1).
(7) If the details of a business plan approved under paragraph (1) include matters to be determined by the relevant urban/Gun management plan, the head of a local government shall take necessary measures, such as announcement of topographic maps, pursuant to Article 32 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act and Article 8 of the Framework Act on the Regulation of Land Use.
(8) Where the project period or project cost included in the master plan is revised under the latter part of Article 6 (1), a revision to the business plan is deemed approved under paragraph (1).
 Article 8 (Constructive Authorizations, Permits, etc. under other Acts)
(1) If a person who intends to construct an urban railroad obtains approval for its business plan or any revision to such plan pursuant to Article 7 (1), the following consultations, approvals, permits, authorizations, consent, cancellations, determinations, reports, designations, licenses, deliberations, etc. (hereinafter referred to as “authorizations, permits, etc.”) shall be deemed sought, granted, given, or made; if public notice of approval for a business plan is given under Article 7 (6), authorizations, permits, etc. shall be deemed publicly notified or announced under the relevant Acts: <Amended by Act No. 12248, Jan. 14; Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
1. Deliberation by the Construction Technology Deliberation Committee under Article 5 of the Construction Technology Management Act;
2. Deliberation by the Building Committee under Article 4 of the Building Act; a building permit granted under Article 11 of the Building Act; a building report submitted under Article 14 of the same Act; a building permit for erection of a temporary building under Article 20 of the same Act; and consultations on erection of a building for public use Article 29 of the same Act;
3. A permit to occupy or use public waters under Article 8 of the Public Waters Management and Reclamation Act; consultations or approval under Article 10 of the same Act; authorization of, or report on an implementation plan for occupancy or use under Article 17 of the same Act; or a reclaim license of public waters granted under Article 28 of the same Act; consultations or approval under Article 35 of the same Act; and approval of an implementation plan for reclamation under Article 38 of the same Act;
4. Determination of an urban/Gun management plan (limited to infrastructure as defined in subparagraph 6 of Article 2 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act) under Article 30 of the same Act; designation of the implementer of an urban/Gun planning facility project under Article 86 of the same Act; and authorization of the implementation plan of an urban/Gun planning facility project under Article 88 of the same Act;
5. A permit to enter a controlled protection zone, etc. under Article 9 (1) 1 of the Protection of Military Bases and Installations Act; and consultations on permission, etc. by administrative agencies under Article 13 of the same Act;
6. A permit to divert farmland or consultations thereon under Article 34 of the Farmland Act;
7. A permit to execute road works under Article 36 of the Road Act;
8. A permit to install, or report on installing, emission or discharge facilities under Article 23 of the Clean Air Conservation Act, Article 33 of the Water Environment Conservation Act, or Article 8 of the Noise and Vibration Control Act;
9. A permit to open a private road under Article 4 of the Private Road Act;
10. A permit to cut trees or perform other activities on land treated for erosion or collapse control under Article 14 of the Erosion Control Work Act, or cancellation of designation of land treated for erosion or collapse control under Article 20 of the same Act;
11. Approval for establishment, etc. of factories (limited to factories for construction works directly necessary for a railroad construction project and established during the period for construction of the railroad) under Article 13 of the Industrial Cluster Development and Factory Establishment Act;
12. A permit to convert a mountainous district under Article 14 of the Mountainous Districts Management Act; reporting on conversion of a mountainous district under Article 15 of the same Act; permission for or reporting on temporary use of a mountainous district under Article 15-2 of the same Act; or permission for or reporting on cutting standing timber, etc. under Article 36 (1) or (4) of the Creation and Management of Forest Resources Act;
14. Authorization for installation of an exclusive water supply system under Article 52 of the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act, or authorization for installation of an exclusive industrial water supply system under Article 54 of the same Act;
15. Consultations with park management agencies under Article 71 (1) of the Natural Parks Act (limited to permits to engage in activities in the park area under Article 23 of the same Act);
16. A permit to relocate an abandoned grave under Article 27 (1) of the Act on Funeral Services, Etc.;
17. Approval for or reporting on an construction plan for electric installations for electricity utility business under Article 61 of the Electric Utility Act; or approval for or reporting on an construction plan for electric installations for private use under Article 62 of the same Act;
18. A permit to change the form and quality of grassland and to engage in activities referred to in the subparagraphs of Article 21-2 of the Grassland Act within grassland; or permission for, or consultations on conversion of grasslands under Article 23 of the Grassland Act;
19. Approval for, or reporting on installation of waste disposal facilities under Article 29 of the Wastes Control Act;
20. A permit to execute a public sewerage project under Article 16 of the Sewerage Act, or a permit to occupy and use a pubic sewerage system under Article 24 of the same Act;
21. A permit to execute river works under Article 30 of the River Act; a permit to occupy and use a river under Article 33 of the same Act; or a permit to occupy and use river water under Article 50 of the same Act.
(2) Where any of the matters provided for in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) is involved in approving a business plan under Article 7 (1), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall first consult thereon with the heads of the relevant administrative agencies.
(3) Upon receipt of a request for consultations under paragraph (2), the heads of the relevant administrative agencies shall present their opinions within 20 days after receipt of the request. In such cases, consultations shall be deemed held if no opinion is presented by the prescribed due date.
(4) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or a Mayor/Do Governor shall hold a general conference for consultations referred to in paragraph (2), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, the heads of the relevant administrative agencies shall require subordinate public officials to attend the general conference.
 Article 9 (Compensation, etc. for Underground Segments)
(1) Where an urban railroad constructor intends to use any underground segment of land owned by a third person for urban railroad construction business, he/she shall compensate for such underground segment in consideration of the utility value of the land, the depth of the underground portion, the degree of obstruction to land utilization, and other factors.
(2) Matters concerning the detailed criteria for and methods of compensation for underground segments under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 10 (Expropriation or Use of Land, etc.)
(1) An urban railroad constructor may expropriate or use land, goods or rights (hereinafter referred to as “land, etc.”) referred to in Article 3 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects, if necessary for urban railroad construction business.
(2) Approval of a business plan under Article 7 (1) or public notice given under paragraph (6) of the same Article shall be deemed project approval or a public announcement of project approval under Article 20 (1) or Article 22 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects, and a deadline for filing an application for adjudication shall be the last day of a construction period of the urban railroad set by the business plan approved in Article 7 (1), notwithstanding the provisions of Article 23 (1) and Article 28 (1) of the aforesaid Act.
(3) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall apply mutatis mutandis to the expropriation or use of land, etc.
 Article 11 (Restrictions, etc. on Disposition of State-owned or Public Land)
(1) No State or local government land which is necessary for urban railroad construction business may be sold or transferred for any purpose, other than urban railroad construction business.
(2) Land under paragraph (1) may be gratuitously transferred or sold by a private contract to an urban railroad constructor, notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 33, 39 and 44 of the State Property Act, and Articles 29 and 36 of the Public Property and Commodity Management Act.
 Article 12 (Registration for Creation of Sectional Superficies)
(1) If an urban railroad constructor needs to use an underground segment of land, it shall create or transfer sectional superficies over the underground segment.
(2) If an urban railroad constructor is adjudicated to expropriate or use land on condition that sectional superficies is created or transferred pursuant to the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects, it may solely file an application for registration of the creation or transfer of the sectional superficies by applying mutatis mutandis Article 99 of the Registration of Real Estate Act.
(3) Necessary matters concerning procedures for the registration of sectional superficies to use an underground segment of land shall be prescribed by the Supreme Court Regulations.
(4) The duration of sectional superficies created or transferred under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be until the date the relevant urban railroad facilities subsist, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 281 of the Civil Act.
 Article 13 (Restrictions on Activities)
No owners, etc. shall engage in any of the following activities that could compromise the safety of urban railroad facilities to the extent of the underground segment they are compensated for once the relevant urban railroad constructor has compensated for such underground segment:
1. Building a new artificial structure, or remodeling or extending an existing artificial structure;
2. Excavating or boring the ground.
 Article 14 (Access, etc. to Land)
(1) An urban railroad constructor may engage in any of the following activities, if necessary for urban railroad construction business:
1. Accessing any third person's land;
2. Temporarily using any third persons’s land;
3. Altering or removing trees, earth, stone or other obstacles.
(2) Articles 130 and 131 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the cases provided for in paragraph (1).
 Article 15 (Consultations, etc. on Relocation, etc. of Obstacles to Construction Works)
(1) An urban railroad constructor shall consult with an owner, etc. about compensation for any loss incurred by relocating obstacles impeding its urban railroad construction business or conducting construction works otherwise.
(2) If it is impracticable to hold consultations under paragraph (1) or the consultations fail to yield an agreement, the relevant owner, etc. and urban railroad constructor may file an application for adjudication with the competent Land Tribunal under Article 51 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects.
(3) Upon adjudication on an application filed under paragraph (2), the urban railroad constructor may deposit compensations incurred in relocating obstacles to construction works and relocate such obstacles.
 Article 16 (Relocation Measures, etc.)
The Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall apply to relocation measures, etc. for those who lose their means of livelihood by offering land, etc. necessary for urban railroad construction business.
 Article 17 (Standards for Establishment of Parking Lots when Reconstructing Damaged Buildings)
In reconstructing a building damaged due to construction of an urban railroad, the criteria for the establishment of annexed parking lots under Article 19 of the Parking Lot Act shall be deemed to be met if a parking lot is established on the same scale as the one annexed to the existing building.
 Article 18 (Construction and Operation of Urban Railroads)
Matters concerning the construction and operation of urban railroads shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 18-2 (Building and Operation of Tram and Construction of Tram Roads)
(1) When an urban railroad constructor builds trams on the road, he/she shall install tramway tracks or tram lanes of the following:
1. Tramway tracks: Roads reserved only for tram running and separated from sidewalks by installing median strip, kerbstone, and others similar thereto;
2. Tram lanes: Part of roadway reserved for tram running and separated from other lanes for automobiles by using safety signs.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in the cases prescribed by Presidential Decree such as where traffic congestion is expected after tramway tracks or tram lanes are constructed, shared lanes where both trams and other automobiles are passing may be constructed.
(3) Matters necessary to construct tramway tracks and tram lanes under paragraph (1) and shared lanes under paragraph (2) and to build and operate trams shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14339, Dec. 2, 2016]
 Article 19 (Funding for Construction and Operation of Urban Railroads)
Funds required for constructing and operating an urban railroad shall be raised by: <Amended by Act No. 12643, May 21, 2014>
1. Equity capital of an urban railroad constructor or urban railroad operator;
2. Proceeds accruing from the construction and operation of the urban railroad;
3. Issuance of urban railroad bonds under Article 20;
4. Borrowings or subsidies from the State or a local government;
5. Borrowings, contributions, or donations from any person (including a foreign government and a foreigner), other than the State and a local government;
6. Proceeds accruing from projects for development of station areas under the Act on Developing and Using Station Areas;
7. Proceeds accruing from business incidental to urban railroads.
 Article 20 (Issuance of Urban Railroad Bonds)
(1) The State, local governments, and urban railroad corporations may issue urban railroad bonds.
(2) The heads of local governments shall hold prior consultations with the Minister of the Interior and Safety when they intend to obtain approval from the Minister of Security and Public Administration to issue urban railroad bonds pursuant to paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Urban railroad corporations shall consult with the heads of the competent local governments and the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport when they intend to issue urban railroad bonds.
(4) The period of extinctive prescription of the principal and interest on urban railroad bonds shall be five years, reckoned from the date of repayment thereof.
(5) Urban railroad bonds may be issued from the year in which a master plan is established to the year in which proceeds generated from the operation of an urban railroad first exceed expenses (including the amount of principal and interest on bonds repaid) incurred in the operation of the urban railroad.
 Article 21 (Purchase of Urban Railroad Bonds)
(1) Persons prescribed by Presidential Decree among the following, shall purchase urban railroad bonds:
1. A person who is granted a license, permit, or authorization from the State or a local government;
2. An applicant for registration with the State or a local government: Provided, That this shall not apply to any applicant for registration of his/her compact car (excluding two-wheeled motor vehicles) prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport as a motor vehicle referred to in Article 3 of the Motor Vehicle Management Act;
3. A person who enters into a contract for construction works with the State, a local government, or a public institution referred to in Article 4 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions;
4. A person who enters into a contract for construction works, service contract, or contract for the purchase of goods necessary for the construction and operation of an urban railroad with an urban railroad constructor or urban railroad operator.
(2) The amount of, and procedures for, the purchase of urban railroad bonds under paragraph (1) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 22 (Government’s Support, etc.)
(1) The Government may provide a subsidy or loan for a local government or an urban railroad corporation to cover some expenses incurred in relation to urban railroad construction business operated by such local government or urban railroad corporation if such financial support is deemed necessary.
(2) The Government may loan funds to a corporation referred to in subparagraph 3 of Article 3 to cover some expenses incurred in relation to urban railroad construction business operated by the corporation.
(3) The Government may provide subsidies and other financial support for institutes or organizations prescribed by Presidential Decree that conduct research on urban railroad technology (hereinafter referred to as “research institute, etc”) to promote the development of urban railroad technology.
(4) A local government that has received financial support from the Government under paragraph (1) may provide subsidies or contributions for research institutes, etc., as prescribed by Presidential Decree, to promote the development of urban railroad technology.
(5) The Government may provide subsidies to cover expenses in part to install platform screen doors which slide open and close simultaneously with the train doors at platforms of urban railroad built and operated by a local government, Urban Railroad Corporation, or a corporation referred to in subparagraph 3 of Article 3. <Newly inserted by Act No. 13183, Feb. 3, 2015>
(6) The Government may provide administrative support for a local government to ease the financial burden caused by urban railroad constructed pursuant to Act on Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14090, Mar. 22, 2016>
 Article 23 (Prohibition, etc. on Use of Subsidies for Purposes other than Intended Purpose)
(1) No urban railroad constructor may use any subsidy or loan provided under Article 22 for any purpose other than that for which it is provided.
(2) The Government shall recover a subsidy if an urban railroad constructor uses such subsidy for any purpose other than that for which it is provided, or it is provided with such subsidy under Article 22 by any illegal means.
 Article 24 (Entrustment of Urban Railroad Construction Business)
(1) If the State or a local government is an urban railroad constructor, it may entrust urban railroad construction business to a corporation. In such cases, an urban railroad constructor who is a local government shall obtain approval therefor from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(2) Matters necessary for entrustment under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Urban railroad facilities (including rolling stock, machinery, apparatuses, etc. for urban railroads; hereinafter the same shall apply) constructed by a person entrusted under paragraph (1) shall devolve on the entrusting State or local government.
(4) Procedures for devolvement of urban railroad facilities under paragraph (3) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) A person entrusted with urban railroad construction business under paragraph (1) shall be held accountable for such urban railroad construction business.
 Article 25 (Construction of Urban Railroad Networks)
(1) Local governments shall endeavor to construct a network linking different urban railroad lines or a network linking urban railroad lines and railroad lines to ensure that urban railroad networks can function systematically.
(2) The State may provide funding within budget for local governments to cover expenses incurred in the construction of urban railroad networks between such local governments.
CHAPTER III URBAN RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION BUSINESS, ETC.
 Article 26 (Licensing, etc.)
(1) A corporation, other than the State or a local government, which intends to operate urban railroad business shall submit a business plan for urban railroad transportation and obtain a license from the competent Mayor/Do Governor, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
(2) Where urban railroad transportation business covers adjacent Sis/Dos, the Mayor or Do Governor to grant licenses shall be determined through consultation among the relevant Mayors/Do Governors; if such consultation yields no agreement, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may mediate between them.
(3) The Mayors/Do Governors shall hold prior consultations with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport about a business plan for urban railroad transportation before granting a license under paragraph (1).
(4) In granting a license under paragraph (1), the Mayor/Do Governor may set terms necessary for facilitating urban traffic, and enhancing the safety and convenience of the users.
 Article 27 (Licensing Standards)
Licensing standards for urban railroad transportation business shall be as follows:
1. The relevant urban railroad transportation business shall meet the transportation demand of urban traffic;
2. Rolling stock for urban railroads, operating personnel, and others necessary for operating the relevant urban railroad transportation business shall meet standards prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
 Article 28 (Grounds for Disqualification)
(1) A corporation that has any of the following persons as its executive is disqualified from obtaining a license for urban railroad transportation business:
1. An incompetent person under adult guardianship or a quasi-incompetent person under limited guardianship;
2. A person declared bankrupt who has not been reinstated;
3. A person in whose case two years have not passed since his/her imprisonment without labor or heavier punishment declared by a court for a violation of this Act or any railroad or urban railroad-related Acts prescribed by Presidential Decree was completely executed (including where such imprisonment without labor or heavier punishment is deemed completely executed) or exempted;
4. A person subject to a suspended prison sentence without labor or heavier punishment declared by a court for violating this Act or any railroad or urban railroad-related Acts prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) A corporation, in whose case two years have not passed since its license for urban railroad transportation business was revoked pursuant to this Act, shall be disqualified from obtaining a license for urban railroad transportation business: Provided, That cases where a license for urban railroad transportation business is revoked under Article 37 (1) 3 because a corporation falls under paragraph (1) 1 or 2 are excluded. <Amended by Act No. 15318, Dec. 26, 2017>
 Article 28-2 (Approval, etc. for Business Incidental to Urban Railroads)
(1) An urban railroad operator may operate business incidental to urban railroads upon obtaining approval from the competent Mayor/Do Governor to cover expenses incurred in the construction and operation of the relevant urban railroad.
(2) Procedures for granting approval under paragraph (1) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12643, May 21, 2014]
 Article 29 (Consultations on Establishment, etc. of Urban Railroad Corporations)
A local government shall hold prior consultations with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to establish an urban railroad corporation pursuant to Article 49 of the Local Public Enterprises Act.
 Article 30 (Obligation to Commence Transportation)
(1) A person who has obtained a license for urban railroad transportation business (hereinafter referred to as “urban railroad transportation operator”) under Article 26 (1) shall commence transportation by the date or within the period set by the competent Mayor/Do Governor: Provided, That he/she may postpone the date or extend the period upon obtaining approval from the competent Mayor/Do Governor if he/she is unable to commence transportation by the date or within the period set by the Mayor/Do Governor due to a natural disaster or other inevitable circumstances.
(2) The competent Mayor/Do Governor shall hold prior consultations with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport when he/she approves the change of a date or period set for commencing transportation pursuant to the proviso to paragraph (1).
 Article 31 (Reporting, on Fares)
(1) An urban railroad transportation operator shall determine and revise urban railroad fares within the limits set by the competent Mayor/Do Governor, in consideration of the prime cost, congruency with fares for other means of transportation, including bus fares, and other factors, and report such fares to the competent Mayor/Do Governor.
(2) In determining or changing fares, an urban railroad operator shall give urban railroad users advance notice thereof at least one week before implementing such determination or revision, or otherwise take necessary measures to prevent any inconvenience to such urban railroad users.
 Article 32 (Terms and Conditions of Transportation by Urban Railroads)
Every urban railroad operator shall stipulate terms and conditions of transportation by urban railroads, and urban railroad operators, who are urban railroad transportation operators, shall report such terms and conditions to the competent Mayor/Do Governor. The same shall also apply to any revision to such terms and conditions.
 Article 33 (Amendments to Business Plans for Urban Railroad Transportation)
(1) An urban railroad transportation operator shall file a report with the competent Mayor/Do Governor when he/she intends to amend its business plan for urban railroad transportation.
(2) When the competent Mayor/Do Governor receives a report on amendments to a business plan for urban railroad transportation filed by an urban railroad transportation operator or amends a business plan for urban railroad transportation under his/her jurisdiction, he/she shall inform the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport thereof without delay.
 Article 34 (Transport Linkages)
(1) Where an urban railroad operator jointly undertakes transportation with another urban railroad operator or a railroad enterprise operator as defined in subparagraph 8 of Article 2 of the Railroad Enterprise Act, matters concerning connections between railroad lines, allocation of duties to operate urban railroad facilities, distribution of profits from transportation, passenger transfers, etc. shall be determined by an agreement between all parties involved.
(2) If no agreement is reached under paragraph (1) or a dispute arises over the interpretation of an agreement, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall make a decision thereon upon request by either of the parties.
 Article 35 (Transfer, Acquisition, etc. of Business)
(1) Where an urban railroad transportation operator intends to transfer or acquire urban railroad transportation business to or from a third party or intends to merge with a third party, he/she shall obtain authorization from the competent Mayor/Do Governor.
(2) The competent Mayor/Do Governor shall hold prior consultations with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to grant authorization pursuant to paragraph (1).
(3) Where authorization is granted under paragraph (1), a person who has acquired urban railroad transportation business shall succeed to the status of the transferor of its urban railroad transportation business as an urban railroad transportation operator, and a corporation surviving the merger or newly established in the course of the merger shall succeed to the status of the disappearing corporation as an urban railroad transportation operator.
 Article 36 (Suspension or Closure of Business)
(1) An urban railroad transportation operator who intends to fully or partially suspend or close his/her business shall obtain permission from the competent Mayor/Do Governor, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport: Provided, That he/she shall file a report with the competent Mayor/Do Governor, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, if he/she suspends his/her business due to the destruction of tracks or bridges, or improvement of urban railroad facilities, or other extenuating circumstances.
(2) The competent Mayor/Do Governor shall hold prior consultations with the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to grant permission pursuant to the first sentence of paragraph (1).
(3) The period of business suspension under paragraph (1) shall not exceed six months: Provided, That if the business is suspended on any of the grounds provided for in the proviso to paragraph (1), it may be suspended until the relevant ground ceases.
(4) If a ground for business suspension ceases to exist during the period of business suspension permitted or reported under paragraph (1), the relevant urban railroad transportation operator may resume business upon filing a report with the competent Mayor/Do Governor.
(5) An urban railroad operator who intends to fully or partially suspend or close his/her urban railroad transportation business shall post the details and period of the business to be suspended or closed, and other matters on the Internet website, at stations or places readily visible to the general public, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 37 (Revocation, etc. of Licenses)
(1) Where any of the following applies to an urban railroad transportation operator, the competent Mayor/Do Governor may revoke his/her license or order him/her to suspend business within a given period not exceeding six months: Provided, That in cases falling under subparagraph 1, the license shall be revoked:
1. Where he/she obtains a license for urban railroad transportation business under Article 26 by fraudulent or other illegal means;
2. Where he/she violates any of the licensing standards provided for in Article 27;
3. Where he/she is disqualified pursuant to Article 28: Provided, That this shall not apply if a corporation has a person so disqualified as its executive but replaces the executive within three months;
4. Where he/she fails to commence transportation by the date or within the period set by the competent Mayor/Do Governor, in violation of Article 30 (1);
5. Where he/she engages in transfer, acquisition, or merger without obtaining authorization under Article 35;
6. Where he/she suspends urban railroad transportation business without obtaining permission or reporting under Article 36 (1), or fails to resume urban railroad transportation business after expiration of the period of business suspension referred to in paragraph (3) of the same Article;
7. Where he/she fails to comply with an order to improve his/her business issued under Article 39;
8. Where it is improper to continue his/her business due to unsound business management or substantially unsound asset status, or on other grounds.
(2) Detailed standards for an administrative disposition under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport in consideration of the category and gravity of each violation and other factors.
(3) The competent Mayor/Do Governor shall hold a hearing to revoke a license for urban railroad transportation business or to issue an order for business suspension pursuant to paragraph (1).
 Article 38 (Imposition of Penalty Surcharges)
(1) If an urban railroad transportation operator falls under any subparagraph of Article 37 (1), and is thus subject to a disposition of business suspension, but such business suspension would cause serious inconvenience to the users, etc. of the business or otherwise be detrimental to the public interest, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may impose a penalty surcharge not exceeding 20 million won in lieu of the disposition for business suspension, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) If a person liable to pay a penalty surcharge under paragraph (1) fails to pay the penalty surcharge by the payment deadline, such penalty surcharge shall be collected in the same manner as delinquent local taxes are collected under the Local Tax Collection Act. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14476, Dec. 27, 2016>
(3) Penalty surcharges collected under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be appropriated for the following purposes only:
1. Enlarging and maintaining urban railroads-related facilities;
2. Research and development of urban railroad technology;
3. Projects to improve service for urban railroad users;
4. Building and operating educational and training establishments to cultivate, educate, or train urban railroad employees or otherwise upgrade the qualities of such employees;
5. Other necessary matters to improve the management or otherwise promote the development of urban railroad transportation business.
(4) The category of violations subject to penalty surcharges under paragraph (1), the amount of penalty surcharges, depending upon the gravity of a violation, and other necessary matters, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 39 (Orders to Improve Business)
The competent Mayor/Do Governor may order an urban railroad transportation operator to implement the following matters if deemed necessary to facilitate urban traffic and promote the safety and convenience of urban railroad users:
1. Amending a business plan for urban railroad transportation or the terms and conditions of transportation by urban railroad;
2. Revising fares;
3. Improving urban rolling stock or other facilities;
4. Joint operation of urban railroad lines;
5. Purchasing insurance to compensate for damage due to urban rolling stock or urban railroad accidents;
6. Taking measures necessary for ensuring safe transportation and improving service;
7. Education to cultivate urban railroad employees or improve the qualities of such employees.
 Article 40 (Prohibition of Lending Titles)
No urban railroad operator may permit any third person to operate urban railroad transportation business using his/her trade name.
 Article 41 (Installation and Operation of Closed-Circuit Televisions)
(1) Urban railroad operators shall install closed-circuit televisions in urban rolling stock in compliance with the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree, in order to prevent crime and monitor traffic accident conditions.
(2) Urban railroad operators shall affix notices and take other necessary matters, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, to ensure that passengers can be easily aware that closed-circuit televisions have been installed.
(3) No urban railroad operator may freely control closed-circuit televisions for any purpose other than that for which they are installed, or set such closed-circuit televisions to monitor other locations, or use the recording function.
(4) No urban railroad operators may use or provide any video image recorded by closed-circuit televisions to any third party, except in the following cases:
1. If necessary to prevent crime and monitor traffic accident conditions;
2. If necessary to investigate a crime, and to file and maintain a prosecution;
3. If necessary for the court to perform trial-related duties.
(5) Urban railroad operators shall formulate guidelines for operation and management of closed-circuit televisions to prevent loss, theft, leakage, alteration of, or damage to video images obtained by operating the closed-circuit televisions.
 Article 42 (Entrustment of Urban Railroad Transportation Business)
(1) If the State or a local government is an urban railroad operator, it may entrust urban railroad transportation business to a corporation.
(2) A corporation entrusted with the business provided for in subparagraph 6 (a) or (b) of Article 2 pursuant to paragraph (1) shall obtain a license for urban railroad transportation business under Article 26.
(3) Matters necessary for entrustment under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 43 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of the Railroad Service Act)
Articles 20, 22, and 25 through 33 shall apply mutatis mutandis to matters to be observed by urban railroad operators, matters to be observed by urban railroad employees, their responsibilities for management of urban rolling stock, and improvement of urban railroad services. In such cases, “railroads” shall be construed as “urban railroads”, “railroad enterprise operators” as “urban railroad operators”, “terms and conditions of railroad enterprise” as “terms and conditions of transportation by urban railroads”, “rail transportation employees” as “urban railroad employees”, and “rolling stock” as “urban rolling stock”, respectively.
CHAPTER IV SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 44 (Supervision, etc.)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall supervise urban railroad constructors and urban railroad operators (excluding the State; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article and Article 45).
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may issue orders necessary to supervise the business activities of urban railroad constructors and urban railroad operators, if deemed necessary.
(3) Mayors/Do Governors may supervise and issue orders to urban railroad constructors and urban railroad operators, other than the State, local governments, and urban railroad corporations, as provided for in paragraphs (1) and (2).
 Article 45 (Reporting and Inspection)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure Transport may require an urban railroad constructor or urban railroad operator to report on his/her business and financial status, or a subordinate public official to enter the office or other place of business of an urban railroad constructor or urban railroad operator to inspect his/her business status, books, documents or other necessary items, if deemed necessary.
(2) Mayors/Do Governors may require an urban railroad constructor or urban railroad operator, other than the State, local governments or urban railroad corporations, to report on or inspect such urban railroad constructor or urban railroad operator.
(3) Public officials who enter an office or other place of business to conduct an inspection pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) shall carry a certificate of identification indicating their authority and produce it to relevant persons.
 Article 46 (Delegation of Authority)
The authority of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport vested under this Act may be partially delegated to Mayors/Do Governors, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER V PENAL PROVISIONS
 Article 47 (Penal Provisions)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for up to two years or by a fine not exceeding twenty million won:
1. Any person who operates urban railroad transportation business without obtaining a license required under Article 26;
2. Any person who obtains a license required under Article 26 by fraudulent or other illegal means;
3. Any person who operates urban railroad transportation business during the period of business suspension under Article 37;
4. Any person who lends his/her trade name to any third person, in violation of Article 40;
5. Any person who rejects a request for joint use made by an urban railroad operator without a just cause, in violation of Article 31 of the Railroad Service Act as applicable mutatis mutandis under Article 43.
(2) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for up to one year or by a fine not exceeding ten million won:
1. Any person who freely controls a closed-circuit television for any purpose other than that for which it is installed, or reorients such closed-circuit television to monitor other locations or uses the recording function, in violation of Article 41 (3);
2. Any person who uses a video image for any purpose other than official purposes or provides such video image to any third person, in violation of Article 41 (4).
(3) Any of the following persons shall be punished by a fine not exceeding ten million won:
1. Any person who fails to comply with an order to improve business, issued under Article 39;
2. Any person who affixes outstanding service marks or similar signs to urban rolling stock, etc. or publicizes as if he/she obtained certification, in violation of Article 28 (3) of the Railroad Service Act that is applied mutatis mutandis under Article 43;
3. Any person who fails to comply with an order necessary for supervision, issued under Article 44 (2).
 Article 48 (Joint Penal Provisions)
Where a representative of a corporation, or an agent, employee, or other servant of the corporation, or an individual, commits any violation provided for in Article 47 in connection with the business of the corporation or the individual, not only shall such violator be punished, but the corporation or the individual shall also be punished by a fine under the relevant provisions: Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not neglected to give due attention and supervision concerning the relevant duties to prevent such violation.
 Article 49 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any person who fails to separate accounts in violation of Article 32 (1) or (2) of the Railroad Service Act as applicable mutatis mutandis under Article 43, shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding five million won. <Amended by Act No. 13688 Dec. 29, 2015>
(2) Any of the following persons shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding one million won:
1. Any person who violates any of the matters to be observed set forth in Article 20 (2) through (4) of the Railroad Service Act as applicable mutatis mutandis under Article 43;
2. Any person who fails to appoint a person to be responsible for inspecting and maintaining urban rolling stock, in violation of Article 25 (2) of the Railroad Service Act that as applicable mutatis mutandis under Article 43.
(3) Any urban railroad employee who violates Article 22 of the Railroad Service Act as applicable mutatis mutandis under Article 43 and the urban railroad operator to which he/she belongs shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding 500,000 won.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Installation and Operation of Closed-Circuit Televisions)
The amended provisions of Article 41 shall begin to apply from the first urban rolling stock to be procured after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (General Transitional Measures concerning Dispositions, etc.)
Acts done by or in relation to administrative agencies under the former provisions as at the time this Act enters into force, shall be deemed acts done by or in relation to administrative agencies corresponding thereto under this Act.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Licenses for Urban Railroad Transportation Business)
Any person who actually engages in a business equivalent to urban railroad transportation business under the former provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have obtained a license for urban railroad transportation business.
Article 5 Omitted.
Article 6 (Relationship with other Acts)
A citation of the former Urban Railroad Act or any provision thereof in another Act as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed a citation of this Act or the relevant provision of this Act, in lieu of the former provision, if corresponding provision exists herein.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 25 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12643, May 21, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Provisio Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13183, Feb. 3, 2015>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13688, Dec. 29, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13726, Jan. 6, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 14090, Mar. 22, 2016>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 14339, Dec. 2, 2016>
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14476, Dec. 27, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation. (Provision Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14532, Jan. 17, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among amended provisions pursuant to Article 6 of the Addenda, the amendments promulgated before this Act enters into force but of which the enforcement dates have yet to come shall enter into force on the enforcement date of the relevant Acts.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among amended provisions pursuant to Article 5 of the Addenda, the amendments promulgated before this Act enters into force but of which the enforcement dates have yet to come shall enter into force on the enforcement date of the relevant Acts.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 15318, Dec. 26, 2017>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.