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FRAMEWORK ACT ON FIRE-FIGHTING SERVICES

Act No. 6893, May 29, 2003

Amended by Act No. 7668, Aug. 4, 2005

Act No. 7804, Dec. 30, 2005

Act No. 7849, Feb. 21, 2006

Act No. 8082, Dec. 26, 2006

Act No. 8370, Apr. 11, 2007

Act No. 8621, Aug. 3, 2007

Act No. 8844, Jan. 17, 2008

Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 9094, jun. 5, 2008

Act No. 10442, Mar. 8, 2011

Act No. 10443, Mar. 8, 2011

Act No. 10445, Mar. 9, 2011

Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011

Act No. 10789, jun. 7, 2011

Act No. 10826, Jul. 14, 2011

Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 12344, Jan. 28, 2014

Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014

Act No. 12936, Dec. 30, 2014

Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015

Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016

Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017

Act No. 15301, Dec. 26, 2017

Act No. 15365, Feb. 9, 2018

Act No. 15532, Mar. 27, 2018

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to prevent, take precautions against, or suppress fires, and to safeguard the life, body and property of citizens by providing rescue and first-aid services, etc. in times of fires, calamities, disasters, and other emergency situations, thereby contributing to maintaining public peace and order, and promoting public welfare.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The definitions of terms used in this Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Act No. 8621, Aug. 3, 2007; Act No. 10014, Feb. 4, 2010; Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011; Act No. 12344, Jan. 28, 2014; Act No. 12936, Dec. 30, 2014>
1. The term "object of fire service" means buildings, vehicles, ships (limited to ships defined in Article 1-2 (1) of the Ship Act and moored at harbors), structures for shipbuilding, forests, and other artificial structures or goods;
2. The term "related area" means a place wherein objects of fire service are located, and adjacent areas that are necessary to prevent, take precautions against, and extinguish fires, and to provide rescue and first-aid services, etc.;
3. The term "interested parties" means owners, managers or occupants of objects of fire service;
4. The term "director general of a fire-fighting headquarters" means the head of a department taking charge of affairs, such as the prevention, precaution, extinguishment, investigation of fires, and rescue, first-aid services, etc. in the Special Metropolitan City, a Metropolitan City, a Special Self-Governing City, a Do or a Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "City/Do");
5. The term "fire brigade" means an organization comprised of the following persons to extinguish fires, and to provide rescue and first-aid services, etc. in times of fires, calamities, disasters, and other emergency situations:
(a) Fire officers prescribed under the Fire Officers Act;
(b) Members of an obligatory fire-fighting unit appointed under Article 3 of the Act on the Establishment of Obligatory Fire-Fighting Unit;
(c) Volunteer fire fighters appointed under the Act on the Establishment and Operation of Volunteer Fire Brigades;
6. The term "fire brigade commander" means a person who leads a fire brigade at the scene of fires, calamities, disasters, and other emergency situations, such as the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters and the head of a fire station.
 Article 3 (Establishment, etc. of Fire Agencies)
(1) Matters necessary for establishing fire agencies that prevent, take precautions against, extinguish, and investigate fires, provide education on fire-fighting and safety and conduct publicity campaigns therefor, provide the rescue and first-aid services, etc., and perform other duties in times of fires, calamities, disasters, or other emergency situations in Cities/Dos (hereinafter referred to as “fire service duties”) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015>
(2) The director general of a fire-fighting headquarters or the head of a fire station performing fire service duties shall be subject to the command and supervision of the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Do Governor, or a Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as the "Mayor/Do Governor") having jurisdiction over the location of the fire-fighting headquarters or fire station. <Amended by Act No. 12936, Dec. 30, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 4 (Establishment and Operation of 119 Integrated Situation Offices)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters, and the heads of fire stations shall establish and operate 119 integrated situation offices to collect, analyze, decide and disseminate information and to carry out situation management, on-the-job superintendent, coordination, and control, etc. for swift fire-fighting activities (referring to all activities for fire service duties; hereinafter the same shall apply) in times of fires, calamities, disasters, and other situations requiring rescue or first-aid services. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 12936, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Matters necessary for the establishment and operation of the integrated situation offices referred to in paragraph (1) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 12936, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 5 (Establishment and Operation of Fire-Fighting Museums, etc.)
(1) For the purposes of developing the history of fire services and safety culture, and raising citizens’ awareness about safety, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may establish and operate a fire service museum; and the Mayor/Do Governor may establish and operate a fire service experience hall (referring to an experience hall allowing users to experience evacuations, etc. from the scene of a fire; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article). <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Matters necessary for the establishment and operation of the fire service museum under paragraph (1) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety, and those necessary for the establishment and operation of the fire service experience halls shall be determined by ordinances of Cities/Dos in accordance with the criteria prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 6 (Establishment, Implementation, etc. of Comprehensive Plans for Fire Service Duties)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall establish and implement a comprehensive plan for its fire service duties (hereafter referred to as “comprehensive plan” in this Article) every five years to safeguard the lives, bodies and properties of citizens against fires, calamities, disasters, and other emergency situations, and shall endeavor to secure necessary financial resources. <Amended by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A comprehensive plan shall include the following: <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015>
1. Basic direction-setting for policies to improve the quality of fire-fighting services;
2. Establishment of a system necessary for fire service duties, research and development of fire-fighting technology, and dissemination of such technology;
3. Preparation of equipment necessary for fire service duties;
4. Training of specialized fire-fighting personnel;
5. Laying of a foundation necessary for fire service duties;
6. Education on fire service duties and publicity for such duties (including any publicity for the right of way, etc. of fire engines referred to in Article 21);
7. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, which are necessary to efficiently perform fire service duties.
(3) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall notify the head of a relevant central administrative agency and the relevant Mayor/Do Governor of a comprehensive plan established under paragraph (1). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Each Mayor/Do Governor shall establish a detailed annual plan necessary for implementing a comprehensive plan (hereafter referred to as “detailed plan” in this Article), considering the features of his/her jurisdiction, and submit it to the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, and shall faithfully perform his/her fire service duties according to such plan. <Amended by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may request that a detailed plan submitted by the relevant Mayor/Do Governor under paragraph (4) be supplemented or revised, if necessary to systematically perform fire service duties. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(6) Other matters necessary to establish and implement a comprehensive plan and detailed plan shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10826, Jul. 14, 2011]
 Article 7 (Establishment, Commemoration, etc. of Fire Prevention Day)
(1) The ninth day of November of each year is designated as Fire Prevention Day, and the commemorative events shall be held to raise citizens’ awareness about safety, and alarm against fires, and to establish the safety culture.
(2) Matters necessary for the events in commemoration of the Fire Prevention Day may be separately determined and implemented by the Administrator of the National Fire Agency or the Mayor/Do Governor. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may appoint any of the following persons as an honorary fire fighter: <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
2. A person deemed to have rendered distinguished service to the development of fire-fighting administration.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER II FIRE-FIGHTING EQUIPMENT AND FIRE EXTINGUISHING WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS, ETC.
 Article 8 (Standards, etc. for Fire-Fighting Force)
(1) Standards for human resources, equipment, etc. that are necessary for fire agencies to perform their fire service duties (hereinafter referred to as “fire-fighting force”) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Each Mayor/Do Governor shall establish and implement a plan necessary for securing the fire-fighting force in his/her jurisdiction according to standards for fire-fighting force determined under paragraph (1).
(3) Matters necessary for the classification, standardization, management, etc. of the fire-fighting equipment, such as fire engines, shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 8 (Standards, etc. for Fire-Fighting Force)
(1) Standards for human resources, equipment, etc. that are necessary for fire agencies to perform their fire service duties (hereinafter referred to as “fire-fighting force”) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Each Mayor/Do Governor shall establish and implement a plan necessary for securing the fire-fighting force in his/her jurisdiction according to standards for fire-fighting force determined under paragraph (1).
(3) Matters necessary for the classification, standardization, management, etc. of fire-fighting equipment, such as fire engines, shall be separately prescribed by Act. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017; Act No. 15301, Dec. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
<<Enforcement date: Dec. 27, 2018>> Article 8
 Article 9 (National Subsidies for Fire-Fighting Equipment, etc.)
(1) The State shall partially subsidize expenses incurred in relation to City/Do’s fire service duties, such as purchase of fire-fighting equipment.
(2) The scope of duties eligible for subsidies, and the standard subsidy rate under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 10 (Installation and Management of Fire Extinguishing Water Supply Systems)
(1) Each Mayor/Do Governor shall install, maintain and manage the fire hydrants, standpipe system, and water tanks (hereinafter referred to as "fire extinguishing water supply systems") necessary for fire-fighting activities: Provided, That any general waterworks business entity who intends to install fire hydrants pursuant to Article 45 of the Water Supply and Waterworks Installation Act shall do so after consulting with the chief of the competent fire station in advance, and shall notify the chief of the competent fire station of the installation thereof, and maintain and manage them. <Amended by Act No. 8370, Apr. 11, 2007; Act No. 10443, Mar. 8, 2011>
(2) A Mayor/Do Governor may install and maintain facilities and equipments for extinguishing fire (hereinafter referred to as “emergency fire-fighting devices”) the fire hoses or hose reels of which are connected to fire extinguishing water supply systems, at the areas prescribed by Presidential Decree, including areas under Article 21 (1) to which it is difficult for a fire engines to access and in which early response is required at the time of a fire. <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
(3) Standards for installing fire extinguishing water supply systems under paragraph (1) and emergency fire-fighting devices under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
 Article 11 (Support for Fire Service Duties)
(1) The director general of a fire-fighting headquarters or the head of a fire station may request support from the director general or head of the neighboring fire-fighting headquarters or fire station in time of emergency in his/her fire-fighting activities
(2) No director general of any fire-fighting headquarters or the head of any fire station, upon receipt of a request for support for fire service duties under paragraph (1), shall refuse such request without any just grounds.
(3) Fire fighters dispatched to provide support for fire service duties under paragraph (1) shall follow directions of the director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the head of the fire station who has requested the support.
(4) To be prepared for requests for support for fire service duties under paragraph (1), each Mayor/Do Governor shall determine in advance matters necessary in relation to the areas and scale subject to mobilization, apportionment of incurred expenses, etc. by rules in consultation with the neighboring Mayor/Do Governor, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 11-2 (Mobilization of Fire-Fighting Forces)
(1) If a fire, calamity, disaster, or other emergency situation requiring rescue or first-aid services occurs that is beyond the capabilities of the fire-fighting force of the relevant City/Do, or that it is deemed necessary to perform fire-fighting activities at the national level, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may request each Mayor/Do Governor to mobilize his/her fire-fighting force, as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) No Mayor/Do Governor, upon receipt of a request to mobilize his/her fire-fighting force under paragraph (1), shall refuse such request without just grounds.
(3) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may request each Mayor/Do Governor to assign or dispatch the fire-fighting force mobilized under paragraph (1) to an area in which a fire, calamity, disaster, etc. has occurred, or may directly organize a fire brigade to perform fire extinguishment, lifesaving and other fire-fighting activities, where necessary. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) When fire fighters mobilized under paragraph (1) are dispatched or assigned to another City/Do to perform fire-fighting activities, they shall follow directions of the director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the head of the fire station having jurisdiction over an area in which the fire, calamity, disaster, etc. has occurred except in extraordinary circumstances: Provided, That when they perform fire-fighting activities as members of the fire brigade organized directly by the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, they shall follow directions of the Administrator of the National Fire Agency. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) The apportionment of expenses incurred in the performance of fire-fighting activities under paragraphs (3) and (4), and entities liable for compensation, criteria for compensation, etc. for civilian fire-fighters who have been killed or wounded while performing fire-fighting activities under paragraphs (3) and (4), and other matters necessary for the operation of mobilized fire-fighting forces shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER III PREVENTION AND PRECAUTION OF FIRES
 Article 12 (Preventive Measures, etc. against Fires)
(1) The director general of a fire-fighting headquarters or the head of a fire station may order a person doing any act deemed dangerous to fire prevention, or the owner, manager, or occupant of any object deemed impeditive to fire-extinguishing activities to take the following measures: <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
1. Prohibition against or restriction on playing with fire, bonfire, smoking, fire handling, flying a small hot-air balloon such as a sky lantern, and other acts deemed dangerous to fire prevention;
2. Disposal of fire remnants or ashes with the danger of fire;
3. Measures to move or remove hazardous goods left unattended or unsecured, or other combustible goods.
(2) Where it is impracticable to issue necessary orders as the name and address of the owner, manager or occupant of the relevant hazardous or combustible goods are unknown in cases falling under paragraph (1) 3, the director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the head of the fire station may require subordinate fire officers to move or remove such hazardous or combustible goods.
(3) The director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the head of the fire station shall keep in his/her custody the hazardous or combustible goods moved or removed under paragraph (2).
(4) Where the director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the head of the fire station keeps in his/her custody any hazardous or combustible goods under paragraph (3), he/she shall publicly announce such fact on the bulletin board of the fire-fighting headquarters or fire station for 14 days from such date.
(5) A period for which the director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the head of the fire station shall take in his/her custody hazardous or combustible goods under paragraph (3), the disposal of such hazardous or combustible goods after lapse of the custody period, and other matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 13 (Designation of Fire Precaution Districts)
(1) The Mayor/Do Governor may designate any of the following areas, which are exposed to a high risk of fire, such as urban areas crowded with buildings, or expected to have a high risk of damage from fire, as fire precaution districts: <Amended by Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. A market area;
2. An area where factories and warehouses are concentrated;
3. An area where wooden buildings are concentrated;
4. An area where facilities for storage and disposal of hazardous substances are concentrated;
5. An area where factories producing petrochemicals are located;
6. An industrial complex prescribed in subparagraph 8 of Article 2 of the Industrial Sites and Development Act;
7. An area where a fire-fighting facility, a fire extinguishing water supply system, or a passage for fire-fighting action does not exits;
8. Other areas corresponding to those referred to in subparagraphs 1 through 7, which are deemed necessary by the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, or the head of a fire station to be designated as a fire precaution district.
(2) Where the Mayor/Do Governor fails to designate an area as a fire precaution district notwithstanding paragraph (1), despite the fact that such area needs to be so designated, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may request the relevant Mayor/Do Governor to designate the area as a fire precaution district. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The director general of a fire-fighting headquarters or the head of a fire station shall conduct special fire safety inspections under Article 4 of the Act on Fire Prevention and Installation, Maintenance, and Safety Control of Fire-Fighting Systems on the location, structure, equipment, etc. of the objects of fire service within the fire precaution districts designated under paragraph (1), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
(4) When the director general of a fire fighting headquarters or the head of a fire station deems it necessary for preventing and taking precautions against fires as a result of the special fire safety inspection under paragraph (3), he/she may order interested parties to install a fire extinguishing water supply system, fire extinguishing appliances and other equipment necessary for fire-fighting. <Amended by Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016>
(5) The director general of a fire fighting headquarters or the head of a fire station may provide training and education necessary for fire-fighting to the interested parties within fire precaution districts, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(6) The Mayor/Do Governor shall annually prepare and manage materials necessary to prevent and take precautions against fires within fire precaution districts, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, which contain the current status of fire precaution districts designated under paragraph (1), the results of special fire safety inspections conducted under paragraph (3), the current status of fire-fighting facilities installed in accordance with orders issued under paragraph (4), the current status of education on fire-fighting provided under paragraph (5), etc. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 14 (Fire Warnings)
The director general of a fire fighting headquarters or the head of a fire station may issue a fire warning and take necessary measures when any severe weather forecast or alert is issued under Article 13 (1) of the Weather Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 15 (Management of Installations, etc. Using Fire, and Storage and Handling of Special Combustible Materials)
(1) Rules to follow when using fire in relation to the locations, structures, and management of boilers, stoves, drier installations, gas or electric installations and other equipment and instruments likely to cause fire, and for fire prevention, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Criteria for the storage and handling of special combustible materials prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as rubber, raw cotton, coal, and charcoal, in which flames can quickly spread once ignited, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER IV FIRE-FIGHTING ACTIVITIES, ETC.
 Article 16 (Fire-Fighting Activities)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters or the heads of fire stations shall promptly dispatch their fire brigades to the site in times of fires, calamities, disasters, and other emergency situations to engage in activities necessary for fire-fighting, such as fire extinguishment, lifesaving and first-aid services. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) No person shall obstruct fire extinguishment, lifesaving, first-aid services or other fire-fighting activities performed by any fire brigade dispatched under paragraph (1) without any just grounds.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 16-2 (Fire-Fighting Assistance Activities)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters, or the heads of fire stations may direct their employees to perform the following activities (hereinafter referred to as “fire-fighting assistance activities”), as well as fire-fighting activities, if necessary for maintaining public peace and order, or for promoting public welfare: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Activities assisting in the prevention, extinguishment, etc. of forest fires;
2. Activities assisting in supplying and draining water supply or removing snow, etc. following natural disasters;
3. Assistance activities, including field service, to prepare against accidents that may occur while assemblies, public performances or other events are held;
4. Activities assisting in recovering from fires, calamities and disasters;
5. Deleted; <by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015>
6. Other activities prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety.
(2) Fire-fighting assistance activities may be performed to the extent that does not impede the performance of fire-fighting activities under Article 16.
(3) Expenses incurred in performing fire-fighting assistance activities at the request of related institutions, organizations, etc. may be charged to the institutions, organizations, etc. that requested such assistance: Provided, That the amount to be charged and the method of payment shall be decided in consultation with the institutions, organizations, etc. that requested such assistance.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10443, Mar. 8, 2011]
 Article 16-3 (Life Safety Activities)
(1) In order to respond to any report of life safety threats or dangerous situations (excluding those that are fires, disasters, calamities, or other emergencies), the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, or the head of a fire station shall dispatch fire brigades to have them conduct the following activities (hereinafter referred to as “life safety activities”): <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Eliminating icicles, trees, dangerous structures, etc. that are likely to collapse or fall;
2. Capturing or killing harmful animals, bees, etc.;
3. Eliminating any danger caused by trapping, isolation, etc. and conducting rescue operations;
4. Supplying back-up power or lighting when a power failure occurs;
5. Other activities to prevent any danger which, if unattended, is likely to lead to an urgent situation.
(2) No person shall interfere with life safety activities by fire brigades dispatched under paragraph (1) without any justifiable reason.
(3) Deleted. <by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015]
 Article 16-4 (Purchase of Insurance Policies for Fire Engines)
(1) Where a traffic accident occurs while a fire engine operates for public service, the Mayor/Do Governor shall purchase an insurance policy to cover the costs incurred in a legal dispute in which the relevant driver is involved.
(2) The State may partially subsidize the purchase of an insurance policy prescribed in paragraph (1).
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 16-5 (Exemption from Responsibility for Fire-Fighting Activities)
Where a fire official causes the death or injury of other person due to any fire-fighting activities under Article 16 (1), his/her criminal responsibility may be reduced or exempted, taking the relevant circumstances into consideration, if such fire-fighting activities are inevitable and such death or injury is not caused intentionally or by gross negligence on his/her part.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017]
 Article 16-6 (Support for Litigation)
Where a fire official performs a litigation related to civil or criminal responsibility due to any fire-fighting activities under Article 16 (1), any fire-fighting assistance activities under Article 16-2 (1) or any life safety activities under Article 16-3 (1), the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters, or the heads of fire stations may provide support necessary for performing the litigation, such as the appointment of an attorney-at-law.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017]
 Article 17 (Education and Training on Fire-Fighting)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters, or the heads of fire stations shall provide necessary education and training for fire brigade members to ensure that they perform their fire service duties in a professional and efficient manner. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters, or the heads of fire stations may provide education and training for the following persons about fire-fighting and safety in order to prevent fire and minimize casualty and property losses from fire, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. In such cases, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters, or the heads of fire stations shall consult with the heads of relevant daycare centers, kindergartens, and schools about the training schedule, etc.: <Amended by Act No. 10789, Jun. 7, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Infants in daycare centers defined in Article 2 of the Infant Care Act;
2. Young children in kindergartens defined in Article 2 of the Early Childhood Education Act;
(3) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters, or the heads of fire stations shall widely publicize how to escape fire when a fire breaks out, and how to act in response to a fire in order to raise citizens’ awareness about safety. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Types of education and training, persons required to undergo such education and training, and other matters necessary for conducting education and training under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 17-2 (Certified Fire-Fighting and Safety Educators)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall qualify persons who pass the examination administered by him/her as certified fire-fighting and safety educators to provide the fire-fighting and safety education under Article 17 (2). <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Certified fire-fighting and safety educators shall plan, arrange, analyze, assess, and provide fire-fighting and safety education.
(3) Eligibility to take an examination for certified fire-fighting and safety educators under paragraph (1), the method of administering an examination, subjects of examination, and examiners, and other matters necessary for administering the examination shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Any person who intends to take an examination for certified fire-fighting and safety educators under paragraph (1) shall pay fees, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 17-3 (Grounds for Disqualification of Certified Fire-Fighting and Safety Educators)
None of the following persons can become a certified fire-fighting and safety educator: <Amended by Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. A person under adult guardianship or a person under limited guardianship;
2. A person for whom two years have not yet passed since his/her imprisonment without labor or greater punishment declared by a court was completed executed (including where the execution of the sentence was deemed completed) or exempted;
3. A person who is under suspension of the execution of his/her imprisonment without labor or greater punishment declared by a court;
4. A person whose qualification is suspended or lost pursuant to a court ruling or other Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 17-4 (Measures against Persons Engaging in Dishonest Behavior)
(1) If any person engages in dishonest behavior in an examination for certified fire-fighting and safety educators administered under Article 17-2, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall stop such person from taking the examination and nullify his/her examination results. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Any person who is stopped from taking an examination or whose examination results are nullified under paragraph (1) shall be prohibited from taking an examination for certified fire-fighting and safety educators for two years from the date of the relevant disposition.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 17-5 (Posting of Certified Fire-Fighting and Safety Educators)
(1) Certified fire-fighting and safety educators referred to in Article 17-2 (1) may be posted to the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, fire-fighting headquarters, fire stations, and other institutions prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Institutions to which the certified fire-fighting and safety educators are to be posted under paragraph (1), the posting standards, and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 18 (Fire Service Signals)
The types and methods of fire service signals to be used for fire prevention, fire-fighting activities, or fire-fighting training shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 19 (Notification of Fires, etc.)
(1) Anyone who has seen the scene of a fire or accident requiring rescue or first-aid services shall promptly notify a fire-fighting headquarters, fire station, or a related administrative agency of the situations of such scene.
(2) Any person who intends to light fire in, or to fumigate any of the following areas or places, which is feared to be mistaken for a conflagration, shall report thereon to the director general of the fire-fighting headquarters, or the head of the fire station having jurisdiction over an area or place, as prescribed by ordinance of the relevant City/Do:
1. A market area;
2. An area where factories and warehouses are concentrated;
3. An area where wooden buildings are concentrated;
4. An area where dangerous substance storage and treatment facilities are concentrated;
5. An area where factories that produce petrochemical products are located;
6. Other areas and places prescribed by ordinance of the City/Do.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 20 (Interested Parties’ Fire-Fighting Activities)
Where fires, calamities, disasters or other emergency situations have occurred to the objects of fire service, the interested parties shall take measures to rescue people, or to extinguish fires, or necessary measures to keep fires from spreading, by means of sounding alarms or guiding people to evacuate until fire brigades arrive at the scene.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 21 (Right of Way, etc. of Fire Engines)
(1) No vehicles and people shall obstruct fire engines (including an automobile for directions and vehicles for rescue or first-aid services; hereinafter the same shall apply) that are called out to the scene for fire extinguishment and rescue or first-aid services.
(2) Fire engines may use sirens when dispatched to the scene for fire extinguishment and rescue or first-aid services, or when deemed necessary for fire drills. <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
(3) Neither a car nor a person shall commit following acts, where a fire engine is dispatched to the scene by using sirens for fire extinguishment and rescue or first-aid services pursuant to paragraph (2): <Newly inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
1. Act of refusing to yield the way for a fire engine;
2. Act of cutting in front of a fire engine or blocking a fire engine;
3. Other acts of hindering the dispatch of a fire engine.
(4) The Road Traffic Act shall apply to the right of way of fire engines, excluding cases referred to in paragraph (3). <Newly inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 21-2 (Exclusive Use Area, etc. for Fire Engines)
(1) Among multi-family housing under Article 2 (2) 2 of the Building Act, a project owner of multi-family housing prescribed by Presidential Decree shall establish an exclusive use area for fire engines (hereinafter referred to as “exclusive use area”) to smoothly conduct fire-fighting activities under Article 16 (1).
(2) No person shall commit an act of interference, such as parking at an exclusive use area, or blocking the entry of fire engines thereinto.
(3) Standards and methods for establishing an exclusive use area, standards for acts of interference under paragraph (2), and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15365, Feb. 9, 2018]
<<Enforcement Date : Aug. 10, 2018>> Article 21-2
 Article 22 (Emergency Passage of Fire Brigades)
Fire brigades may pass roads not opened for regular passages, through vacant land, or on the water if deemed urgent for a swift mobilization to the scene where fires, calamities, disasters and other emergency situations have occurred.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 23 (Establishment of Fire-Fighting Zones)
(1) Any fire brigade commander may set a fire-fighting zone at the scenes of fires, calamities, disasters, and other emergency situations, and impose restrictions on access to said zone by persons other than those necessary for fire-fighting activities, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) When no fire brigade is in a fire-fighting zone referred to in paragraph (1) or a fire brigade commander makes a request, police officers may take measures prescribed under paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 24 (Orders to Perform Fire-Fighting Activities)
(1) When deemed necessary for fire-fighting activities at the scene of fires, calamities, disasters, and other emergency situations, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or a fire brigade commander may require residents in his/her jurisdiction or people at such scene to rescue people, extinguish fires, or keep fires from spreading. In such cases, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or the fire brigade commander shall take safety measures, such as providing the protective outfits necessary for performing the fire-fighting activities.
(2) Deleted. <by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
(3) Any person who has performed fire-fighting activities upon an order given under paragraph (1) may be reimbursed by the competent Mayor/Do Governor for expenses incurred in performing such fire-fighting activities: Provided, That the same shall not apply to the following:
1. Interested parties where fires, calamities, disasters, and other emergency situations have occurred to the objects of fire service;
2. A person who has caused a fire or situations requiring rescue or first-aid services by intention or negligence;
3. A person who has taken any goods away from the scene of fires or rescue or first-aid services.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 25 (Compulsory Dispositions, etc.)
(1) When deemed necessary to rescue people, or to prevent a fire from spreading, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or the fire brigade commander may temporarily use both the objects of fire service exposed to the risk of the fire or flame spread and land, or may impose restrictions on their use, or render dispositions necessary for fire-fighting activities.
(2) When deemed urgent for rescuing people or preventing a fire from spreading, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or the fire brigade commander may render the dispositions under paragraph (1) against the objects of fire service and land, other than those referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) When making urgent mobilization for fire-fighting activities, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or the fire brigade commander may remove or move any parked or stopped vehicles, objects, etc. that hinder the passage of fire engines or the fire-fighting activities.
(4) The director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or the fire brigade commander may request the relevant agency, such as the competent local government, to provide assistance regarding tow trucks, human resources, etc. in order to remove or move any parked or stopped vehicles hindering fire-fighting activities under paragraph (3), and the relevant agency so requested shall provide the assistance except in extenuating circumstances. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15532, Mar. 27, 2018>
(5) A Mayor/Do Governor may pay expenses to the persons providing tow trucks, human resources, etc. pursuant to paragraph (4), as prescribed by municipal ordinance of the City/Do. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15532, Mar. 27, 2018>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 26 (Evacuation Orders)
(1) When deemed that any fire, calamity, disaster, or other emergency situation is likely to cause any danger to human life, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or the fire brigade commander may designate a specific area and order people within such area to evacuate.
(2) When deemed necessary for issuing an order under paragraph (1), the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or the fire brigade commander may request cooperation from the chief of the competent police station or the head of the autonomous police group.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 27 (Urgent Measures for Dangerous Installations, etc.)
(1) When deemed necessary for fire suppression or other fire-fighting activities, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or the fire brigade commander may use water in a dam, reservoir, swimming pool, etc., other than the fire extinguishing water supply, or operate the opening and closing valve of the city water supply.
(2) The director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, the head of a fire station, or a fire brigade commander may shut off the supply of dangerous substances to the gas, electric or petroleum installations, or otherwise take necessary measures to prevent the occurrence of fires or keep fires from spreading due to explosions, etc.
(3) Deleted. <by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 28 (Prohibition against Use, etc. of Fire Extinguishing Water Supply Systems and Emergency Fire-Fighting Devices)
No person shall commit any of the following acts: <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
1. Using a fire extinguishing water supply system or emergency fire-fighting device without just grounds;
2. Impairing the utility of a fire extinguishing water supply system or emergency fire-fighting device by damaging, destructing or removing it, or by other means without just grounds;
3. Hindering the justified use of a fire extinguishing water supply system or emergency fire-fighting device.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER V INVESTIGATION OF FIRE
 Article 29 (Investigation into Causes of and Damage from Fires)
(1) When any fire has occurred, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, or the head of a fire station shall investigate the causes of, and damage from the fire (hereinafter referred to as “fire investigation”). <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Matters necessary for conducting fire investigations under paragraph (1), such as the methods, the operation of an exclusively responsible investigation team, and qualifications for fire investigators, shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 30 (Access, Investigations, etc.)
(1) When deemed necessary for conducting a fire investigation, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, or the head of a fire station may direct the interested parties to file reports or submit data, or require related public officials to investigate the causes of, and damage from the fire, or to interrogate the interested parties by gaining access to the relevant place. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Related public officials conducting the fire investigation under paragraph (1) shall carry their certificates of identification, and produce them to interested parties.
(3) No related public officials conducting the fire investigation under paragraph (1) shall interfere with the legitimate business practices of the interested parties or divulge any confidential information they have become aware of in the course of conducting the fire investigation to any third person.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 31 (Investigation of Persons Arrested by Criminal Investigation Agencies)
When a criminal investigation agency has already arrested a suspect of arson or accidental fire or has seized relevant evidentiary articles, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, or the head of a fire station may investigate the suspect or the seized evidentiary articles within the extent that does not hinder the criminal investigation, if necessary for conducting the fire investigation. In such cases, the criminal investigation agency shall cooperate in such investigation except in extenuating circumstances so that the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters, or the head of a fire station can conduct his/her fire investigation swiftly. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 32 (Cooperation, etc. between Fire Officers and National Police Officers)
(1) Fire officers and national police officers shall cooperate with each other when conducting fire investigations.
(2) When deemed that arson or accidental fire is suspected as a result of a fire investigation, the director general of a fire-fighting headquarters or the head of a fire station shall promptly notify the chief of the competent police station of such fact, and cooperate in his/her criminal investigation by collecting and preserving the necessary evidence.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 33 (Cooperation between Fire Agencies and Relevant Insurance Companies)
When a fire has occurred, the competent fire agency, such as the fire-fighting headquarters or fire station, and the relevant insurance company shall cooperate with each other in matters required for investigating the causes of, and damage from the fire.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER VI RESCUE AND FIRST-AID SERVICE
 Article 34 (Organization and Operation of Rescue Units and First-Aid Units)
The organization and operation of rescue units and first-aid units shall be prescribed by a separate Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10442, Mar. 8, 2011]
 Articles 35 and 36 Deleted. <by Act No. 10442, Mar. 8, 2011>
CHAPTER VII VOLUNTEER FIRE BRIGADE
 Article 37 (Establishment and Operation of Volunteer Fire Brigades)
The establishment and operation of volunteer fire brigades shall be prescribed by a separate Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 12344, Jan. 28, 2014]
 Articles 38 through 39-2 Deleted. <by Act No. 12344, Jan. 28, 2014>
CHAPTER VII-2 DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION OF, AND SUPPORT FOR FIRE-FIGHTING INDUSTRY
 Article 39-3 (Duties of State)
The State shall formulate administrative and financial measures, including necessary plans, to help develop and promote the fire-fighting industry (referring to a range of industrial sectors pertaining to manufacturing, research, development, sales, etc. of machinery and devices used for fire-fighting; hereinafter the same shall apply).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 39-4 Deleted. <by Act No. 9094, Jun. 5, 2008>
 Article 39-5 (Support for Development of Technology, etc. Related to Fire-Fighting Industry)
(1) In order to facilitate the development of technology related to the fire-fighting industry (hereinafter referred to as “fire-fighting technology”), the State may grant contributions or subsidies to persons engaging in technological development to fully or partially cover expenses incurred in relation to technological development.
(2) The State may provide financial support, within the following limits, to those who have established a trade exhibition center, etc. pursuant to Article 4 (2) of the Foreign Trade Act to exhibit and publicize good fire-fighting products:
1. Some of the expenses incurred in holding exhibitions for the fire-fighting industry;
2. Overseas public relations expenses incurred in relation to exhibitions for the fire-fighting industry;
3. Expenses incurred in inviting foreign buyers during the period of exhibition for the fire-fighting industry.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 39-6 (Implementation of Fire-Fighting Technology Research and Development Projects)
(1) The State may require any of the following institutions or organizations to implement a project for research and development of the fire-fighting technology in order to protect the life and property of citizens: <Amended by Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016>
1. A national or public research institute;
3. A specific research institute defined in Article 2 of the Specific Research Institutes Support Act;
4. A university, college, industrial college, junior college, or technical college referred to in the Higher Education Act;
5. A corporate research institute in the field of fire-fighting technology established under the Civil Act or other Acts, or a research institute annexed to a corporation;
6. A research institute annexed to a company recognized under Article 14-2 (1) of the Basic Research Promotion and Technology Development Support Act;
7. The Korea Fire Institute established under Article 14 of the Fire-Fighting Industry Promotion Act;
8. Any other institution or association prescribed by Presidential Decree that implements development and research projects of fire-fighting technology development.
(2) When the State requires an institution or organization referred to in paragraph (1) to implement a fire-fighting technology research and development project, it shall provide subsidies to cover expenses incurred in implementing such project.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 39-7 (Projects for Globalization of Fire-Fighting Technology and Fire-Fighting Industry)
(1) The State shall formulate policies to create necessary conditions to enhance the international competitiveness and international usability of the fire-fighting technology and the fire-fighting industry.
(2) To enhance the international competitiveness and international usability of the fire-fighting technology and the fire-fighting industry, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall: <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Conduct surveys and research for international cooperation regarding the fire-fighting technology and the fire-fighting industry;
2. Have international exchanges, including holding international exhibitions and international academic conferences regarding the fire-fighting technology and the fire-fighting industry;
3. Make inroads into overseas markets for the fire-fighting technology and the fire-fighting industry;
4. Implement other projects deemed necessary to enhance the international competitiveness and international usability of the fire-fighting technology and the fire-fighting industry.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER VIII KOREA FIRE SAFETY ASSOCIATION
 Article 40 (Establishment, etc. of Korea Fire Safety Institute)
(1) The Korea Fire Safety Institute (hereinafter referred to as the “Safety Institute”) shall be established with the authorization of the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, in order to perform duties entrusted by administrative agencies, including improvement and publicity of the fire-fighting technology and safety control technology, education and training, and to improve the capabilities of persons engaged in fire-fighting services. <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
(2) The Safety Institute to be established under paragraph (1) shall be a legal entity. <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
(3) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, the provisions of the Civil Act governing incorporated foundations shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Safety Institute. <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 40-2 (Formulation, Evaluation, etc. of Education Plan)
(1) The president of the Safety Institute shall formulate an annual education plan after conducting an education demand survey for improving fire-fighting technologies and safety control technologies and shall obtain approval for such plan from the Administrator of the National Fire Agency.
(2) The president of the Safety Institute shall evaluate and analyze the result of the education for the relevant year and report it to the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, and the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may have it reflected in the education plan referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) If necessary for objectively and accurately analyzing the result of the education referred to in paragraph (2), the president of the Safety Institute may operate a committee composed of experts in such education.
(4) Matters necessary for composing and operating the committee under paragraph (3) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017]
 Article 41 (Business Affairs of Safety Institute)
The Safety Institute shall perform the following business affairs: <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
1. Education, surveys and research on fire-fighting technology and safety control;
2. Issuance of various publications on fire-fighting technology and safety control;
3. National publicity for increasing the public awareness of fire prevention and safety control;
4. Fire service duties entrusted by administrative agencies;
5. International cooperation concerning fire-fighting safety;
6. Other matters determined by the articles of incorporation of the Safety Institute, such as technology support for its members.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 42 (Management of Members)
The Safety Institute manage the following persons as its members to improve their fire-fighting techniques and safety control capabilities. <Amended by Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
2. A person appointed or employed as a fire safety controller, fire-fighting technician, or safety controller of dangerous substances under the Act on Fire Prevention and Installation, Maintenance, and Safety Control of Fire-Fighting Systems, the Fire-Fighting System Installation Business Act or the Act on the Safety Control of Hazardous Substances, who intends to become its member;
3. Other persons prescribed by Presidential Decree, who intend to become its members among those with either concern about or abundant knowledge and experiences in the area of fire-fighting.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 43 (Association’s Articles of Association)
(1) The following matters shall be included in the articles of incorporation of the Safety Institute: <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
1. Purpose;
2. Name;
3. Location of the principal office;
4. Matters concerning the businesses;
5. Matters concerning the board of directors;
6. Matters concerning the members, and executive officers and employees;
7. Matters concerning the finance and accounting;
8. Matters concerning amending the articles of incorporation.
(2) When the Safety Institute intends to modify its articles of association, it shall obtain authorization from the Administrator of the National Fire Agency. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017; Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 44 (Working Expenses of Safety Institute)
Expenses incurred in the operation and projects of the Safety Institute shall be appropriated from the following financial resources:
1. Incomes accrued from the conduct of the affairs referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 4 of Article 41;
2. Membership fees under Article 42;
3. Incomes accrued from the operation of assets;
4 Other incidental incomes.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017]
 Article 44-2 (Executive Officers of Safety Institute)
(1) The Safety Institute shall have nine or less directors, including one president, and one auditor, as its executive officers.
(2) The president and auditor under paragraph (1) shall be appointed by the Administrator of the National Fire Agency.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017]
 Article 44-3 (Prohibition of Use of Similar Name)
No person other than the Safety Institute shall use the Korea Fire Safety Institute or any other name similar thereto.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017]
 Articles 45 through 47 Deleted. <by Act No. 9094, Jun. 5, 2008>
CHAPTER IX SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 48 (Supervision)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall supervise the business affairs of the Safety Institute. <Amended by Act No. 7668, Aug. 4, 2005; Act No. 9094, Jun. 5, 2008; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017; Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
(2) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may require the Safety Institute to make a report on necessary matters regarding its business affairs, accounting, and property, or require affiliated public officials to inspect account books, documents or other articles of the Safety Institute. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
(3) If deemed necessary as a result of report or inspection under paragraph (2), the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may take necessary measures, such as corrective orders. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
 Article 49 (Delegation of Authority)
The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may partially delegate his/her authority vested under this Act to the Mayor/Do Governor, the director generals of fire-fighting headquarters or the heads of fire stations, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 49-2 (Indemnification for Loss)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency or Mayors/Do Governors shall provide a just indemnification for loss to any of the following persons in accordance with the deliberation and decision of the deliberative committee on indemnification for loss referred to in paragraph (3):
1. A person who suffers loss due to a measure under Article 16-3 (1);
2. A person who dies or suffers injury due to engaging in any fire-fighting activities under the former part of Article 24 (1);
3. A person who suffers loss due to a disposition under Article 25 (2) or (3): Provided, That this shall not apply in cases falling under paragraph (3) of that Article where the passage of a fire engine and fire-fighting activities is interfered with in violation of any statute;
4. A person who suffers loss due to a measure under Article 27 (1) or (2);
5. Any other person who suffers loss due to any legitimate fire service duties or fire-fighting activities of a fire agency or fire brigade.
(2) A right to claim an indemnification for loss under paragraph (1) shall be extinguished by extinctive prescription if the right is not exercised within three years from the date the relevant person comes to know that any loss exists or within five years from the date the loss occurs.
(3) A deliberative committee on indemnification for loss shall be established to deliberate and decide on cases concerning claims for indemnification for loss.
(4) The standards for indemnification for loss, amount of indemnification, procedures and methods for payment, composition and operation of the deliberative committee on indemnification for loss referred to in paragraph (1), and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017]
 Article 49-3 (Legal Fiction as Public Official in Application of Penalty Provisions)
The executive officers and employees engaging in the affairs entrusted pursuant to subparagraph 4 of Article 41 shall be deemed public officials in applying Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017]
CHAPTER X PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 50 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than five years, or by a fine not exceeding 50 million won: <Amended by Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017; Act No. 15532, Mar. 27, 2018>
1. A person who engages in any of the following activities in violation of Article 16 (2):
(a) Obstructing a fire brigade in the performance of its fire extinguishment, lifesaving or first-aid services by a threat of force;
(b) Intentionally obstructing a fire brigade in accessing or entering the scene for fire extinguishment, lifesaving or first-aid services;
(c) Obstructing a fire fighter in the performance of his/her fire extinguishment, lifesaving or first-aid services by assaulting or treating the fire fighter;
(d) Obstructing a fire brigade in the performance of its fire extinguishment, lifesaving or first-aid services by damaging or impairing the utility of fire-fighting equipment;
2. A person who obstructs the access of a fire engine in violation of Article 21 (1);
3. A person who obstructs the service of rescuing people, extinguishing fires or keeping fires from spreading under Article 24 (1);
4. A person who uses any fire extinguishing water supply systems or emergency fire-fighting devices, harms the utility thereof or obstructs the lawful use thereof without just grounds, in violation of Article 28.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 51 (Penalty Provisions)
Any person who obstructs any disposition under Article 25 (1) or any person who fails to comply with such disposition without just grounds shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than three years, or by a fine not exceeding 30 million won. <Amended by Act No. 15532, Mar. 27, 2018>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 52 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by a fine not exceeding three million won:
1. A person who obstructs a disposition under Article 25 (2) or (3) or who fails to comply with such disposition without just grounds;
2. A person who interferes with the legitimate business practices of any interested party in violation of Article 30 (3), or who divulges any confidential information he/she has become aware of in the course of conducting the fire investigation to any third person.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 53 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two million won: <Amended by Act No. 10014, Feb. 4, 2010; Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011>
1. A person who fails to comply with an order issued under any of the subparagraphs of Article 12 (1) or obstructs it without just grounds;
2. A person who refuses, obstructs or evades the access or investigation by the relevant public official under Article 30 (1) without just grounds.
 Article 54 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one million won: <Amended by Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015; Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016>
1. A person who refuses, obstructs or evades a special fire safety inspection on the objects of fire service within a fire precaution district designated under Article 13 (3);
1-2. A person who interferes with life safety activities conducted by fire brigades without any justifiable reason, in violation of Article 16-3 (2);
2. A person who fails to take measures for rescuing people, extinguishing fires or keeping fires from spreading until a fire brigade arrives at the scene, without just grounds, in violation of Article 20;
3. A person who violates any evacuation order issued under Article 26 (1);
4. A person who interrupts or obstructs the use of water or the use or operation of the opening and closing valve of the city water supply without just grounds, in violation of Article 27 (1);
5. A person who obstructs measures taken under Article 27 (2) without just grounds.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 55 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
If the representative of a corporation, or an agent, employee or other servant of the corporation or an individual commits an offence prescribed in any of Articles 50 through 54 in connection with the business of the corporation or the individual, not only shall such offender be punished, but the corporation or individual shall be punished by a fine provided for in the relevant Article: Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant duties to prevent such offence.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 56 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding two million won: <Amended by Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
1. A person who violates an order to install the fire extinguishing water supply system, fire extinguishing appliances, equipment, etc. issued under Article 13 (4);
2. A person who violates any of the rules for using fire under Article 15 (1) or the criteria for storage and handling of the special combustible materials referred to in paragraph (2) of the same Article;
3. A person who gives a false notification of fire or the scene of a fire or accident requiring rescue or first-aid services in violation of Article 19 (1);
3-2. A person who hinders the dispatch of a fire engine in violation of Article 21 (3);
4. A person who gains access to a fire-fighting zone in violation of Article 23 (1);
5. A person who fails to submit a report or data, or submits a false report or data in violation of an order issued under Article 30 (1);
6. A person who uses the name “the Korea Fire Safety Institute” or any other name similar thereto in violation of Article 44-3.
(2) The administrative fine under paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the competent Mayor/Do Governor, the director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the head of the fire station, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
 Article 56 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding two million won: <Amended by Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016; Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
1. A person who violates an order to install the fire extinguishing water supply system, fire extinguishing appliances, equipment, etc. issued under Article 13 (4);
2. A person who violates any of the rules for using fire under Article 15 (1) or the criteria for storage and handling of the special combustible materials referred to in paragraph (2) of the same Article;
3. A person who gives a false notification of fire or the scene of a fire or accident requiring rescue or first-aid services in violation of Article 19 (1);
3-2. A person who hinders the dispatch of a fire engine in violation of Article 21 (3);
4. A person who gains access to a fire-fighting zone in violation of Article 23 (1);
5. A person who fails to submit a report or data, or submits a false report or data in violation of an order issued under Article 30 (1);
6. A person who uses the name “the Korea Fire Safety Institute” or any other name similar thereto in violation of Article 44-3.
(2) A person who commits an act of interference in violation of Article 21-2 (2), such as parking a car at an exclusive use area or blocking the entry of a fire engine into an exclusive use area, shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding one million won <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15365, Feb. 9, 2018>
(3) Administrative fines under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be imposed and collected by the competent Mayor/Do Governor, the competent director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the competent head of the fire station, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 15365, Feb. 9, 2018>
<<Enforcement Date : Aug. 10, 2018>> Article 56
 Article 57 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any person who causes fire engines to get to the scene of fire by failing to report required under Article 19 (2) shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding 200,000 won.
(2) The administrative fine under paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the competent director general of the fire-fighting headquarters or the head of the fire station, as prescribed by municipal ordinance.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011]
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Abrogation of Other Statutes)
The Fire Services Act shall be abrogated.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Dispositions, etc. as Referred to in Previous Fire Services Act)
The acts of an administrative agency or those against an administrative agency that have been performed pursuant to the provisions corresponding to this Act from among the previous Fire Services Act at the time of the enforcement of this Act, shall be deemed to be the acts of an administrative agency or those against an administrative agency that are performed pursuant to this Act corresponding thereto.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Korea Fire Safety Association and Korea Fire Equipment Inspection Corporation)
The Korea Fire Safety Association and the Korea Fire Equipment Inspection Corporation established pursuant to the previous Fire Services Act at the time of the enforcement of this Act, shall be deemed to be the Korea Fire Safety Association and the Korea Fire Equipment Inspection Corporation established pursuant to this Act.
Article 5 Omitted.
Article 6 (Relationship with Other Statutes)
Where the provisions of the previous Fire Services Act are quoted in other statutes at the time this Act enters into force, if there exist any corresponding provisions in this Act, the corresponding provisions in this Act shall be deemed to have been quoted in lieu of the previous provisions.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 7668, Aug. 4, 2005>
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7804, Dec. 30, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7849, Feb. 21, 2006>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on July 1, 2006. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 41 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 8082, Dec. 26, 2006>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8370, Apr. 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 20 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8621, Aug. 3, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 8844, Jan. 17, 2008>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 39-2 shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9094, Jun. 5, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10014, Feb. 4, 2010>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures) The application of penalty provisions to violations committed before this Act enters into force shall be governed by the previous provisions.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10442, Mar. 8, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10443, Mar. 8, 2011>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 10 (1) shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Notification of Fire Hydrant Installation) Any general waterworks business entity who installs and manages any fire hydrants pursuant to the previous Article 10 as at the time this Act enters into force shall notify the head of the competent fire station of the installation thereof within six months after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10445, Mar. 9, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 10751, May 30, 2011>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10789, Jun. 7, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 10826, Jul. 14, 2011>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 6 of the Framework Act on Fire Services, Act No. 10751, shall enter into force on December 1, 2011.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12344, Jan. 28, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That, among the Acts which are amended according to Article 6 of Addenda, each amended part of the Act, which is promulgated before this Act enters into force but of which the enforcement date has not come, shall enter into force on the date of the promulgation of the relevant Act.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12936, Dec. 30, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13438, Jul. 24, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Establishing and Implementing Comprehensive Plans and Detailed Plans)
Comprehensive plans and detailed plans established and implemented under the previous provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have been established and implemented under this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13916, Jan. 27, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 16-4 shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation, and the amended provisions of Article 17-4 shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Persons Engaging in Dishonest Behavior)
The amended provisions of Article 17-4 shall apply beginning with persons who engage in dishonest behavior in the first examination for certified fire-fighting and safety educators, which is conducted after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Incompetent Persons)
Persons under adult guardianship or limited guardianship in accordance with the amended provisions of subparagraph 1 of Article 17-3 shall be deemed to include those for whom declaration of incompetence or quasi-incompetence remains valid pursuant to Article 2 of the Addenda to the Civil Act (Act No. 10429).
ADDENDA <Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among the Acts amended under Article 5 of the Addenda, amendments to an Act, which was promulgated before this Act enters into force but the date on which it enters into force has yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the enforcement date of the relevant Act.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15300, Dec. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 12 (1) 1 shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Preparation for Incorporation of the Safety Institute)
(1) Any preparatory act necessary for the establishment of the Safety Institute under this Act may be performed before this Act enters into force.
(2) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall request the head of the Korea Fire Safety Association established pursuant to the former provisions as at the time this Act enters into force, to deal with affairs for establishing the Safety Institute under this Act within one month from the promulgation date of this Act.
(3) The head of the Korea Fire Safety Association shall prepare the articles of incorporation of the Safety Institute under this Act and obtain authorization therefor from the Administrator of the National Fire Agency.
Article 3 (Registration of Incorporation of the Safety Institute)
The president of the Safety Institute shall register the incorporation of the Safety Institute without delay after this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measure concerning the Korea Fire Safety Association)
(1) The Korea Fire Safety Association (hereinafter referred to as “Association”) established pursuant to the former provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed to be dissolved at the same time as the establishment of the Safety Institute under this Act, and the property, rights and duties vested in the Association shall be inherited as a whole by the Safety Institute under this Act.
(2) The name of the Association entered in the registry and other public records as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed the name of the Safety Institute.
(3) Value of the property deemed the property of the Safety Institute under this Act shall be equivalent to the book value on the date immediately preceding the date of registration of its incorporation under Article 3 of the Addenda.
(4) Acts done by the Association before this Act enters into force shall be deemed acts by the Safety Institute under this Act, and acts done toward the Association before this Act enters into force shall be deemed acts toward the Safety Institute under this Act.
(5) The full-time executive officers and employees of the Association as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have been appointed as the executive officers and employees of the Safety Institute, In such case, the term of office of the full-time executive officers shall be counted from the date they are appointed as the executive officers of the Association.
Article 5 Omitted.
Article 6 (Relations with Other Statutes)
Any citation of the Korea Fire Safety Association by other statutes as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed a citation of the Korea Fire Safety Institute under this Act in lieu of the former provisions.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15301, Dec. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15365, Feb. 9, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Exclusive Use Area)
The amended provisions of Articles 21-2 and 56 (2) and (3) shall apply beginning with the first case of applying for approval for a housing construction project plan under Article 15 of the Housing Act or applying for building permission under Article 11 of the Building Act.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 15532, Mar. 27, 2018>
This Act shall enter into force on June 27, 2018.