Law Viewer

Back Home

FIRE-FIGHTING INDUSTRY PROMOTION ACT

Act No. 9094, jun. 5, 2008

Amended by Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011

Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012

Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013

Act No. 12591, May 20, 2014

Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014

Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

Act No. 15301, Dec. 26, 2017

Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to protect the security of national life and contribute to the development of the national economy by prescribing matters necessary for creating the foundation of the growth of the fire-fighting industry and strengthening the competitiveness of the domestic fire-fighting industry.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
1. The term "fire-fighting industry" means the following industries and all industries related to the development, etc. of human resources and equipment necessary therefor:
(a) Business of manufacturing and selling fire-fighting systems, etc. defined in Article 2 (1) 2 of the Act on Fire Prevention and Installation, Maintenance, and Safety Control of Fire-Fighting Systems (hereinafter referred to as "fire-fighting systems, etc.");
(c) Fire-fighting system business defined in Article 2 (1) 1 of the Fire-Fighting System Installation Business Act;
(d) Business of manufacturing and selling containers for transporting dangerous substances defined in Article 2 (1) 1 of the Act on the Safety Control of Hazardous Substances;
(e) Business of designing and constructing factories, etc. defined in Article 2 (1) 6 of the Act on the Safety Control of Hazardous Substances;
(f) Business of manufacturing and selling dangerous substance tanks defined in Article 8 (1) of the Act on the Safety Control of Hazardous Substances;
2. The term "fire-fighting business owner" means a person engaging in economic activities related to the fire-fighting industry;
3. The term "fire-fighting equipment" means equipment prescribed by Presidential Decree, necessary for the extinguishing fire, saving lives and first aid, and other fire-fighting activities;
4. The term "regional information standard system of the fire-fighting industry" means an information system which sets the standards for software, hardwares, etc. necessary for connecting the regional information system of the fire-fighting industry with information systems of local governments, enterprises, etc.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows: <Amended by Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 15301, Dec. 26, 2017; Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
1. The term "fire-fighting industry" means the following industries and all industries related to the development, etc. of human resources and equipment necessary therefor:
(a) Business of manufacturing and selling fire-fighting systems, etc. defined in Article 2 (1) 2 of the Act on Fire Prevention and Installation, Maintenance, and Safety Control of Fire-Fighting Systems (hereinafter referred to as "fire-fighting systems, etc.");
(c) Fire-fighting system business defined in Article 2 (1) 1 of the Fire-Fighting System Installation Business Act;
(d) Business of manufacturing and selling containers for transporting dangerous substances defined in Article 2 (1) 1 of the Act on the Safety Control of Hazardous Substances;
(e) Business of designing and constructing factories, etc. defined in Article 2 (1) 6 of the Act on the Safety Control of Hazardous Substances;
(f) Business of manufacturing and selling dangerous substance tanks defined in Article 8 (1) of the Act on the Safety Control of Hazardous Substances;
2. The term "fire-fighting business owner" means a person engaging in economic activities related to the fire-fighting industry;
3. The term "fire-fighting equipment" means equipment defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Fire-Fighting Equipment Management Act;
4. The term "regional information standard system of the fire-fighting industry" means an information system which sets the standards for software, hardwares, etc. necessary for connecting the regional information system of the fire-fighting industry with information systems of local governments, enterprises, etc.
<<Enforcement Date : Dec. 27, 2018>> Article 2
 Article 3 (Responsibility of State and Local Governments)
(1) The State and local governments shall formulate and implement all kinds of policies necessary for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry.
(2) To promote the fire-fighting industry, the State and local governments shall make necessary efforts, including the support for the technological development, and survey and research programs, and the establishment of a cooperative system with foreign countries and international organizations related to the fire-fighting industry. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014>
CHAPTER II FORMULATION OF MASTER PLANS FOR PROMOTION OF FIRE-FIGHTING INDUSTRY
 Article 4 (Formulation of Master Plans)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall formulate a master plan for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry (hereinafter referred to as "master plan"), on a five-year basis. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The following matters shall be included in a master plan:
1. Basic direction-setting for policies for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry;
2. Matters concerning policies for fostering the fire-fighting industry by sector;
3. Creation of the foundation of the fire-fighting industry and support for starting up business;
4. Matters concerning nurturing professional human resources for fire-fighting;
5. Matters concerning the research and development and the proliferation of fire-fighting technology;
6. Matters concerning the development, promotion of use, and revitalization of the distribution of fire-fighting equipment;
7. Matters concerning international cooperation and expansion to overseas markets of the fire-fighting industry;
8. Other matters necessary for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry.
(3) Matters necessary for the formulation and implementation of the master plan shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014>
(4) Deleted. <by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014>
 Article 5 (Formulation of Implementation Plans)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall annually formulate and implement a detailed implementation plan (hereinafter referred to as "implementation plan"), in accordance with a master plan. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) An implementation plan shall be an execution plan of the master plan for the relevant year, and include matters necessary therefor.
(3) Matters necessary for the formulation and implementation of implementation plans shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014]
 Article 6 (Procedures for Formulation of Plans)
Where the Administrator of the National Fire Agency formulates a master plan or an implementation plan, he/she shall submit it for deliberation by the Deliberative Committee on Fire-Fighting Industry Promotion Policies established under Article 12. The same shall also apply where he/she amends important matters prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
CHAPTER III CREATION OF FOUNDATION OF FIRE-FIGHTING INDUSTRY
 Article 7 (Cultivation of Professional Human Resources)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency, and the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of a Special Metropolitan Autonomous City, a Do Governor, and the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor") shall endeavor to cultivate professional human resources necessary for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry. <Amended by Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency or a Mayor/Do Governor may designate an institute, university, and any other institution deemed necessary, as a training institution of professional human resources for the fire-fighting industry, for the cultivation of professional human resources pursuant to paragraph (1), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency or a Mayor/Do Governor may subsidize expenses incurred in such cultivation to the training institutions of professional human resources for the fire-fighting industry designated pursuant to paragraph (2), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Matters necessary for cultivating professional human resources for the fire-fighting industry, other than those prescribed in paragraphs (1) through (3), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014>
 Article 8 (Promotion of Development of Fire-Fighting Technology)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall formulate policies for the development of technology related to the fire-fighting industry and give necessary support to scientific research, study, and technical development necessary therefor. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) To promote the development of technology related to the fire-fighting industry, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may fully or partially contribute or subsidize funds incurred in a technical development project to any person conducting such technical development business. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Where a profit is made by the commercialization of technology developed pursuant to paragraph (1), the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may receive a royalty from such business owner. In such cases, matters necessary for the standards, procedures, etc. for payment of royalties shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may advise local governments to preferentially purchase technology developed pursuant to paragraph (1) or products related thereto, and fully or partially support financial resources necessary therefor. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 9 (Standardization of Fire-Fighting Equipment, etc.)
(1) To build infrastructure for the development of the fire-fighting industry and promote the efficient development and quality improvement of fire-fighting equipment, technology, human resources, etc. (hereinafter referred to as "fire-fighting equipment, etc."), the Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall promote the following business affairs: <Amended by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017; Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
1. Enactment, amendment, and dissemination of the standards for matters that constitute the fire-fighting industry or repeal of such standards;
2. Examination, research, and development of the domestic and international standards for enactment and amendment referred to in subparagraph 1;
3. Other affairs for the standardization of matters that constitute the fire-fighting industry.
(2) To efficiently promote the business affairs described in paragraph (1), the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may designate specialized institutions and authorize them to perform the business affairs on the Administrator’s behalf, and may provide financial support necessary therefor. <Amended by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017; Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
(3) Any of the specialized institutions which performs the business affairs on behalf of the Administrator of the National Fire Agency in accordance with paragraph (2) shall report the performance results thereof to the Administrator. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
(4) Matters necessary for requirements and procedures for designation of specialized institutions under paragraph (2), reporting under paragraph (3), and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
 Article 10 (Expansion of Distribution of Fire-Fighting Equipment)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency and Mayors/Do Governors shall endeavor to expand distribution of fire-fighting equipment to promote the fire-fighting industry. <Amended by Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency or a Mayor/Do Governor may perform a project necessary for the expansion of distribution of fire-fighting equipment pursuant to paragraph (1) and support activities to facilitate distribution of the certified fire-fighting equipment. <Amended by Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Matters necessary for implementing projects and supporting activities pursuant to paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 11 (Support for Revitalization of Fire-Fighting Industry by Sector)
To effectively promote policies for fostering each sector of the fire-fighting industry pursuant to Article 4 (2) 2, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency or a Mayor/Do Governor may request related specialized institutions and private organizations to perform such policies, and may provide subsidies necessary therefor. <Amended by Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 12 (Deliberative Committee on Fire-Fighting Industry Promotion Policies)
(1) A Deliberative Committee on Fire-Fighting Industry Promotion Policies (hereinafter referred to as the "Committee") shall be established under the control of the Administrator of the National Fire Agency to deliberate on important matters concerning the promotion of the fire-fighting industry. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Committee shall deliberate on the following matters:
1. Formulation of master plans and implementation plans for promoting the fire-fighting industry or amendment thereof;
2. Formulation of mid- to long-term promotion strategies of the fire-fighting industry;
3. Determination of the priority order of research and development tasks for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry;
4. A feasibility study of research and development funds and the distribution of subsidies;
5. Verification of reliability on fire-fighting equipment and human resources;
6. Management of information on the fire-fighting industry;
7. Matters concerning joint research on the promotion of the fire-fighting industry among universities, institutes, and enterprises;
8. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree concerning the promotion of the fire-fighting industry.
(3) If necessary for deliberation on matters referred to in the subparagraphs of paragraph (2), the Committee may examine, research, or hear opinions of relevant persons.
(4) The Committee may organize and operate technical committees by sector for the efficient operation thereof.
(5) Matters necessary for the organization, operation, etc. of the Committee shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 13 (Tax and Financial Support, etc.)
The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall devise tax and financial support, and other necessary administrative measures for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry, and make recommendations thereon to the State. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 14 (Establishment of Korea Fire Institute of Industry and Technology)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may establish the Korea Fire Institute (hereinafter referred to as the "Fire Institute") to efficiently support the promotion and development of the fire-fighting industry: <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Fire Institute shall be a corporation.
(3) The Fire Institute shall conduct the following affairs: <Amended by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017; Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
1. Examination and research on policies and systems for fostering of the fire-fighting industry and promotion of technology of the fire-fighting industry;
2. Creation of the foundation of the fire-fighting industry and support of starting business;
3. Support for training professional human resources for the fire-fighting industry;
4. Expansion of the distribution of fire-fighting equipment and support for marketing thereof for the development of the fire-fighting industry;
5. Support for international cooperation and overseas expansion for the development of the fire-fighting industry;
6. Affairs necessary for the improvement of quality control capabilities and expertise of fire-fighting business owners;
7. Securing the quality, quality certification of fire-fighting equipment, and certification of new technology and new products thereof;
8. Establishment and operation of database, publications, technical training courses, and publicity on the fire-fighting industry;
9. Examination, research, technical development, and support concerning the fire-fighting machinery or apparatus, fire-fighting systems, and safety of dangerous substances;
10. Tank safety performance test referred to in the latter part of Article 8 (1) of the Act on the Safety Control of Hazardous Substances;
11. Projects entrusted by, or authorized to be conducted on behalf of, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency, Mayor/Do Governor, or head of a fire service agency, and prescribed in this Act or other fire service related statutes;
12. Other affairs necessary for achieving the purposes of the establishment of the Fire Institute.
(4) Except as otherwise provided for in this Act, the provisions on incorporated foundations under the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Fire Institute.
(5) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may contribute funds or provide subsidies to cover expenses incurred in relation to facilities and operation of the Fire Institute, within budgetary limits. <Amended by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 14-2 (Supervision, etc. of Fire Institute)
(1) The Fire Institute shall obtain approval from the Administrator of the National Fire Agency regarding its business plans and budgets. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall guide and supervise following affairs, among business affairs of the Fire Institute: <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017; Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
1. Projects that the Administrator of the National Fire Agency entrusts to, or authorizes to be conducted by, the Fire Institute on the Administrator’s behalf, according to the relevant statutes;
2. Affairs related to the appropriate performance of projects directly related to the affairs under the jurisdiction of the National Fire Agency;
3. Other affairs determined under the relevant statutes.
(3) If deemed necessary, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may require the Fire Institute to report on its business affairs, accounting, and property, or may assign public officials under his/her jurisdiction to inspect its books, documents, or other articles. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012]
CHAPTER IV REVITALIZATION OF FIRE-FIGHTING INDUSTRY
 Article 15 (Support for Start-Up in Fire-Fighting Industry)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may provide support necessary for starting up business in the fire-fighting industry and the growth and development of entrepreneurs of the business. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) If deemed necessary for putting new fire-fighting technology into practical use, notwithstanding the State Property Act or the Public Property and Commodity Management Act, the State or local governments may sell or lease State property or public property to persons prescribed by Presidential Decree by a private contract, such as a person who intends to start up business of putting new fire-fighting technology into practical use, etc.
(3) Matters necessary for support for entrepreneurs under paragraph (1) and the price, rent, period of lease, etc. of State property and public property under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014>
 Article 15-2 (Support for Commercialization of Fire-Fighting Technology)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may formulate policy initiatives necessary for supporting commercialization of fire-fighting technology developed under Article 8 (1). <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Matters necessary for support under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014]
 Article 16 (Research on Demand for Fire-Fighting Industry and Opening to Public)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall survey demand for fire-fighting equipment and investment management plans of the State, local governments, and corporations invested or funded by the State or local governments, or other public organizations, etc. every year, and open such data to fire-fighting business owners. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) To efficiently promote affairs pursuant to paragraph (1), the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may designate specialized institutions and entrust them with such affairs, and support the budget necessary therefor. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Matters necessary for procedures and methods of opening data to the public pursuant to paragraph (1) and the designation of and support for specialized institutions pursuant to paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 17 (Reporting by Fire-Fighting Business Owners)
(1) If necessary for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry, such as the facilitation of the use of fire-fighting equipment and human resources, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may request a fire-fighting business owner to report the scope, details, etc. of his/her business. The same shall also apply where any reported matter is altered. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Matters necessary for procedures for reporting pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may entrust the Fire Institute with affairs related to reporting under paragraph (1). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
CHAPTER V MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION, ETC. ON FIRE-FIGHTING INDUSTRY
 Article 18 (Management of Information on Fire-Fighting Industry)
(1) To promote the fire-fighting industry, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall collect and examine information on the fire-fighting industry in and out of Korea, such as the levels of technology, the actual conditions of research, market trends, and present status of business owners of the fire-fighting industry, and manage and disseminate such information in a systematic and integrated manner. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may entrust the Fire Institute with affairs for the management of information on the fire-fighting industry as specified in paragraph (1), and may provide necessary financial support. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 18-2 (Statistical Research of Fire-Fighting Industry)
(1) To effectively formulate and implement a master plan and to utilize it for the promotion of the fire-fighting industry, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may conduct statistical research on the fire-fighting industry. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Where deemed necessary for conducting statistical research under paragraph (1), the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may request the heads of central administrative agencies concerned, heads of local governments, heads of public institutions specified in Article 4 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions, heads of fire-fighting-related organizations, and fire-fighting business owners to provide data and information on the current states of human resources, management, etc. related to the fire-fighting industry. In such cases, those in receipt of such request for provision of data and information shall cooperate therewith, except in extenuating circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Matters necessary for conducting, etc. of statistical research under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014]
 Article 19 (Establishment of Regional Information Standard System of Fire-Fighting Industry)
(1) The State and local governments may build and operate a regional information standard system of the fire-fighting industry (hereinafter referred to as "regional information standard system") for the integrated connection of the information systems of the fire-fighting industry of local governments and public and private information systems in the region, and for providing services thereof.
(2) Where a local government builds and operates the regional information standard system, it may promote the regional information standard system in collaboration with other public institutions or private institutions.
(3) Matters concerning the establishment and operation of the regional information standard system shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER VI INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
 Article 20 (Support for International Cooperation and Overseas Expansion)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency or a Mayor/Do Governor may promote the following affairs for expansion of the fire-fighting industry into overseas markets: <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Holding, or assisting in participation in, fire-fighting industry exhibitions;
2. Overseas marketing and publicity activities of the fire-fighting industry, and inducement of investment of foreigners therein;
3. Providing information on overseas expansion;
4. Assisting in exploration of overseas market and acquisition of overseas certifications;
5. Other affairs necessary for international cooperation and overseas expansion.
(2) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may have institutions or organizations prescribed by Presidential Decree conduct affairs referred to in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1), and may fully or partially subsidize expenses incurred therein. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 21 (Promotion of Utilization of Excellent Overseas Technical Human Resources)
The Administrator of the National Fire Agency may formulate and promote the following policies in consultation with the head of the relevant central administrative agency so that the domestic main developing body of fire-fighting technology may induce excellent overseas technical human resources, utilize them, and actively conduct technical development activities related to the fire-fighting industry: <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Subsidization to domestic fire-fighting technology developers attracting excellent overseas technical human resources;
2. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree for the promotion of invitation and utilization of excellent overseas technical human resources.
 Article 22 (Promotion of Inducement of Excellent Overseas Research and Development Institutions)
The Administrator of the National Fire Agency or a Mayor/Do Governor may support the following matters to invite excellent research and development institutions overseas prescribed by Presidential Decree (hereinafter referred to as "overseas research institutions"): <Amended by Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Participation in technical development projects related to the fire-fighting industry of overseas research institutions having a presence in the Republic of Korea;
2. Education, training, and employment of research human resources of overseas research institutions having a presence in the Republic of Korea;
3. Support for location of overseas research institutions having a presence in the Republic of Korea;
4. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree for invitation of overseas research institutions.
CHAPTER VII MUTUAL AID ASSOCIATION OF FIRE-FIGHTING INDUSTRY
 Article 23 (Establishment of Mutual Aid Association of Fire-Fighting Industry)
(1) Fire-fighting business owners may establish the Mutual Aid Association of the Fire-Fighting Industry (hereinafter referred to as the "Mutual Aid Association") which grants various loans, guarantees, etc. with authorization from the Administrator of the National Fire Agency for the promotion of mutual collaboration and autonomous economic activities and the sound development of the fire-fighting industry. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Mutual Aid Association shall be a corporation.
(3) Matters necessary for authorization procedures for the establishment, the details of terms of the articles of association, operation and supervision, etc. of the Mutual Aid Association shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Notwithstanding Article 52 of the Civil Act, the registration of alteration of the total amount of money invested may be made within three months after the expiration of the fiscal year as at the end of each fiscal year.
(5) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, the provisions on incorporated associations of the Civil Act and the provisions on the accounts of stock companies of the Commercial Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Mutual Aid Association. <Amended by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012>
 Article 24 (Affairs of Mutual Aid Association)
(1) The Mutual Aid Association shall conduct the following affairs: <Amended by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012; Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014>
1. Lending and investing funds necessary for the development of fire-fighting equipment, technical improvement of fire-fighting human resources, and stable management of fire-fighting business enterprises;
2. Cooperative consignment sale of fire-fighting equipment or cooperative purchasing of parts for manufacture: Provided, That acts prescribed in Article 19 (1) of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act shall be excluded herefrom;
3. Support for the distribution of fire-fighting equipment to institutions, organizations, etc. prescribed by Presidential Decree;
4. Where a fire-fighting business owner intends to borrow a fund necessary for the development of fire-fighting equipment, technical improvement of fire-fighting human resources, and stable management of a fire-fighting business enterprise, guarantees for such debt;
5. Provision of guarantee necessary for the performance of its members' duties;
6. Establishment and operation of database on fire-fighting business enterprises;
7. Mutual aid affairs for guaranteeing liabilities for compensation of damage caused by its members in the course of performing their business;
8. Mutual aid affairs for improving welfare of persons employed by its members and compensating for their losses caused by accidents on duty;
9. Other affairs prescribed in related statutes, such as the Framework Act on Fire-Fighting Services;
10. Affairs prescribed by its articles of association as affairs incidental to those prescribed in subparagraphs 1 through 9.
(2) No mutual aid affair specified in paragraph (1) 7 and 8 shall be conducted directly by the Mutual Aid Association. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014>
 Article 25 (Creation of Basic Property)
(1) The basic property of the Mutual Aid Association shall be created with the following financial resources in order to efficiently conduct mutual aid affairs:
1. Money invested, mutual aid installments, deposit money and contributions by members of the Mutual Aid Association;
2. Other financial resources prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Contributions among the basic property referred to in paragraph (1) shall be accounted as capital.
 Article 26 (Regulations for Mutual Aid)
(1) When the Mutual Aid Association intends to conduct mutual aid affairs pursuant to Article 24, it shall prescribe the regulations for mutual aid.
(2) Matters necessary for the kinds, objects, installments, reserves, reserve funds, etc. of mutual aid affairs and the creation, operation, etc. of the basic property shall be prescribed in the regulations for mutual aid referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) The Mutual Aid Association shall obtain approval from the Administrator of the National Fire Agency on kinds and objects of mutual aid affairs, and other important matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, among the matters prescribed by the regulations for mutual aid pursuant to paragraph (2). The same shall also apply when it intends to alter approved matters. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
 Article 27 (Accumulation of Reserves for Compensation of Losses)
(1) The Mutual Aid Association may, in order to compensate for losses incurred by mutual aid affairs, have users of mutual aid bear reserves for compensation of losses (hereinafter referred to as "reserves"), and may accumulate and operate them as a separate reserve account.
(2) Matters necessary for the accumulation and operation of reserves pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 28 (Responsibility of Mutual Aid Association)
(1) When a ground to pay guaranty money arises as prescribed by statutes, contracts or such with respect to matters guaranteed, the Mutual Aid Association shall pay such guaranty money to a guarantee creditor.
(2) The right to guaranty money which a guarantee creditor holds against the Mutual Aid Association pursuant to paragraph (1) shall extinguish due to extinctive prescription unless it is exercised for two years from the expiry date of the guarantee period.
 Article 28-2 (Examination, etc. of State of Construction)
The Mutual Aid Association may require its personnel to enter a construction site which it has provided a guarantee, and to examine the state of construction, and may present opinions needed by its member who conducts the relevant construction works.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014]
 Article 29 (Transfer of Stake)
(1) Any former or current member of the Mutual Aid Association may transfer his/her stake to any other member or persons who intend to be members of the Mutual Aid Association, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Any person who obtains a stake by transfer pursuant to paragraph (1) shall succeed to rights and duties of a transferor on such stake.
(3) Transfer of a stake and the establishment of the right of pledge shall be in accordance with the methods of transfer of stocks and the establishment of a right of pledge pursuant to the Commercial Act. <Amended by Act No. 12591, May 20, 2014>
(4) Except for cases where a stake is provided as security of debt to the Mutual Aid Association, it shall not be used for the purpose of security.
(5) Provisional attachment or attachment of a stake which is conducted by civil execution procedures or procedures of disposition on default of national taxes, etc. shall be in accordance with the method of provisional attachment or attachment of debt payable to order pursuant to the Civil Execution Act.
 Article 30 (Acquisition, etc. of Stake of Mutual Aid Association)
(1) Only when any of the following reasons arises, the Mutual Aid Association may acquire stakes of persons who are current or former members of the Mutual Aid Association: Provided, That when a reason falling under subparagraph 1 or 3 arises, it shall acquire such stakes:
1. When it intends to reduce capital;
2. When it is necessary for the Mutual Aid Association to exercise a security right as a person who holds a right against the members of the Mutual Aid Association;
3. When any member or any person who was expelled from membership or who withdrew from the Mutual Aid Association requests it to acquire his/her stake for the withdrawal of his/her money invested.
(2) When the Mutual Aid Association acquires a stake pursuant to paragraph (1), it shall take the following measures without delay:
1. When it acquires a stake on the grounds referred to in paragraph (1) 1, the procedures of decreasing capital;
2. When it acquires a stake on the grounds referred to in paragraph (1) 2 and 3, disposition of a stake to other members or persons who intend to become members.
(3) Deleted. <by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012>
 Article 31 (Designation of Representative)
The Mutual Aid Association may designate a representative who may do all the judicial or extrajudicial acts on the affairs of the relevant Mutual Aid Association from among its executive officers or employees.
 Article 32 (Disposal of Profits, etc.)
(1) Deleted. <by Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012>
(2) When the Mutual Aid Association is dissolved, it shall dispose of its remaining assets pursuant to Article 80 of the Civil Act: Provided, That it shall dispose of money invested by the members among the remaining assets in accordance with a resolution of a general meeting.
 Article 33 (Liability of Reparation, etc.)
(1) When an executive officer of the Mutual Aid Association inflicts a loss on the Mutual Aid Association because he/she has violated any statute or the articles of association, or has neglected his/her duties, such executive officer shall take the joint responsibility for reparation of the loss to the Mutual Aid Association.
(2) When any person who is engaged in the affairs of the Mutual Aid Association inflicts a loss on the Mutual Aid Association when conducting such affairs, he/she shall take the responsibility for making reparation for it limited to cases where he/she has inflicted the loss by intention or gross negligence: Provided, That except for cases where he/she has inflicted the loss by intention, his/her responsibility may be lightened.
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 34 (Reporting, etc.)
(1) When necessary to achieve the purposes of this Act, the Administrator of the National Fire Agency may require any person who has received tax and financial support pursuant to Article 13 and support of international cooperation and overseas expansion pursuant to Article 20 to file a report on the conditions of the conduct of the related affairs or have a public official under his/her control examine the said conditions or question the persons concerned, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Any public official who examines or questions pursuant to paragraph (1) shall carry a certificate evidencing his/her authority and produce it to interested parties.
 Article 35 (Restrictions on Overlapping Examination)
(1) The Administrator of the National Fire Agency shall ascertain whether any similar examination has been carried out before conducting an examination lest overlapping examinations be conducted to the same person subject to examination. <Amended by Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Except for cases where evidentiary materials proving any illegal act exist, any public official who conducts an examination shall not reexamine the same person who has already been examined.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Korea Fire Inspection Corporation)
The Korea Fire Inspection Corporation established pursuant to the previous provisions of the Framework Act on Fire Services at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed the Korea Institute of Fire Industry and Technology established pursuant to Article 14.
Article 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11037, Aug. 4, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11342, Feb. 22, 2012>
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11895, Jul. 16, 2013>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12591, May 20, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended parts of the Acts promulgated before this Act enters into force, but the enforcement dates of which have not arrived yet, among the Acts amended pursuant to Article 6 of the Addenda, shall enter into force on the enforcement dates of the relevant Acts, respectively.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12937, Dec. 30, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That any Act amended by Article 5 of this Addenda, which was promulgated before this Act enters into force but the enforcement date of which has yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the enforcement date of each relevant Act.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15301, Dec. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 15418, Mar. 2, 2018>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.