Law Viewer

Back Home

ENFORCEMENT DECREE OF THE ACT ON ACTIVITIES IN THE ANTARCTIC AREA AND THE PROTECTION OF ANTARCTIC ENVIRONMENT

Presidential Decree No. 19094, Oct. 25, 2005

Amended by Presidential Decree No. 20673, Feb. 29, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 20722, Feb. 29, 2008

Presidential Decree No. 22977, jun. 24, 2011

Presidential Decree No. 23670, Mar. 21, 2012

Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 24443, Mar. 23, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 24474, Mar. 23, 2013

Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017

Presidential Decree No. 28799, Apr. 17, 2018

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Decree is to prescribe matters delegated by the Act on Activities in the Antarctic Area and the Protection of Antarctic Environment and matters necessary for the enforcement of said Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 2 (Fauna and Flora Native to Antarctica)
"Fauna and flora specified by Presidential Decree" in subparagraph 9 of Article 2 of the Act on Activities in the Antarctic Area and the Protection of Antarctic Environment (hereinafter referred to as the "Act") means fauna and flora publicly notified by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, based on the decisions of Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
CHAPTER II PERMISSION AND REPORTING
 Article 3 (Applications for Permission for Activities in Antarctic Area)
Any person who intends to obtain permission prescribed in Article 4 (1) of the Act and permission to change prescribed in the proviso to Article 4 (2) of the Act shall file an application for permission or an application for permission to change prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs along with the documents specified in Article 5 of the Act by not later than 50 days prior to the expected date of commencing the activities in the Antarctic area or expected date of changing matters permitted: Provided, That where a person intends to undertake activities in the Antarctic area not requiring the Minister of Foreign Affairs to consult with the Minister of Environment and the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries thereon, the person may file an application for permission by not later than 30 days prior to the expected date of commencing the activities in the Antarctic area. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 4 (Changing Permission)
(1) Where a person who is granted permission for activities in the Antarctic area pursuant to Article 4 (1) of the Act intends to change matters permitted pursuant to the main sentence of Article 4 (2) of the Act, the person shall report to the Minister of Foreign Affairs thereon not later than three weeks prior to the expected date of such change: Provided, That where a person who is granted permission for activities in the Antarctic area pursuant to the proviso to Article 3 changes permitted matters, the person may file an application for permission for change not later than two weeks prior to the expected date of such change. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) "Essential matter specified by Presidential Decree" in the proviso to Article 4 (2) of the Act means the following:
1. Changing details of activities in the Antarctic area to such an extent that a new environmental impact assessment prescribed in subparagraph 2 of Article 5 of the Act must be submitted;
2. Changing participants in activities in the Antarctic area (excluding the replacement of persons engaging in operating stations and participating in scientific research activities in such stations, and government investigation team members, prescribed in Article 8);
3. Changing at least 1/3 of the details of activities in the Antarctic area for which the original permission is obtained.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 5 (Plans for Activities in Antarctic Area)
Each plan for activities in the Antarctic area prescribed in subparagraph 1 of Article 5 of the Act shall include the following:
1. Details of activities in the Antarctic area;
2. Locations of the Antarctic area for activities (including maps showing the Antarctic area for activities easily);
3. Equipment and facilities used for activities in the Antarctic area;
4. Participants in activities in the Antarctic area.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 6 (Matters to Be Included in, Methods of Preparation, etc. of Environmental Impact Assessment)
(1) Each environmental impact assessment prescribed in subparagraph 2 of Article 5 of the Act shall include the following matters:
1. Preliminary environmental impact assessment prescribed in Article 7 (1) 1 of the Act:
(a) Abstract;
(b) Outline of activities (objectives, necessities, and details);
(c) Grounds for determining the level of assessment;
2. Initial environmental impact assessment prescribed in Article 7 (1) 2 of the Act:
(a) Abstract;
(b) Outline of activities (objectives, necessities, and details);
(c) Grounds for determining the level of assessment;
(d) Establishing and assessing alternative measures;
(e) Establishing priority items of assessment;
(f) Major details of assessment by item (current conditions, prediction of impact, and pollution reduction measures);
(g) Appendix (Various references related to assessment);
3. Comprehensive environmental impact assessment prescribed in Article 7 (1) 3 of the Act:
(a) Abstract;
(b) Outline of activities (objectives, necessities, and details)
(c) Grounds for determining the level of assessment;
(d) Establishing and assessing alternative measures;
(e) Establishing priority items subject to assessment;
(f) Major details of assessment by item (current conditions, prediction of impact including indirect environmental impact, describing skills and data used to predict environmental impact, methods to mitigate environmental impact and to reinstate, pollution reduction measures, etc.);
(g) Monitoring plan (monitoring plan considering accumulative effects);
(h) Appendix (various references related to assessment).
(2) Every preliminary environmental impact assessment specified in paragraph (1) 1 and every initial environmental impact assessment specified in paragraph (1) 2 shall be prepared in Korean, and every comprehensive environmental impact assessment specified in paragraph (1) 3 shall be prepared in Korean and English.
(3) Where the Minister of Foreign Affairs sends a comprehensive environmental impact assessment to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties and to the Committee for Environmental Protection pursuant to Article 7 (3) of the Act, he/she shall not finally determine the activities in the Antarctic area for which application for permission is filed, until the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting provides opinions on the comprehensive environmental impact assessment: Provided, That the same shall not apply where the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting provides no opinion within 15 months from the date the comprehensive environmental impact assesment is sent. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 7 (Consultation on Permission)
(1) Upon receipt of an application for permission and relevant documents under Article 5 of the Act , the Minister of Foreign Affairs shall request the Minister of Environment and the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries to consult thereon, sending copies thereof to them within seven days from the date he/she receives such request. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The Minister of Environment and the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall notify the Minister of Foreign Affairs as to whether the application for permission the Minister of Foreign Affairs sent to them pursuant to paragraph (1) along with relevant documents falls under any of the subparagraphs of Article 8 (2) of the Act within 14 days from the date they receive such documents. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Minister of Environment or the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall send the results of reviewing whether to grant permission within 30 days from the date he/she receives an application for permission and relevant documents from the Minister of Foreign Affairs pursuant to paragraph (1). If no such result is sent within such period, he/she shall be deemed to have no opinion. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Where consulting with the Minister of Environment and the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries is complete, the Minister of Foreign Affairs shall determine whether to grant permission and notify the applicant of such determination without delay. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 8 (Grounds for Exception to Consultation on Granting Permission)
Pursuant to the proviso to Article 8 (1) of the Act, the Minister of Foreign Affairs may grant permission for any of the following activities in the Antarctic area without consulting with the Minister of Environment and the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries: Provided, That the same shall not apply in cases falling under the subparagraphs of Article 13 (1) or Article 14 (2) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Operating stations installed in the Antarctic Treaty area with government support for scientific research and scientific research activities in such stations;
2. Activities in the Antarctic area for repairing facilities and equipment necessary for activities in the Antarctic area;
3. Visits by government investigative teams, etc. for official duties;
4. Visits by civilians for public relations and education prescribed in Article 22 of the Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 9 (Consultation on Permission for Matters Corrected and Supplemented)
"Important matter prescribed by Presidential Decree" in Article 8 (4) of the Act means the following cases: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Where at least 1/2 of the initial plan is amended by correcting and supplementing the plan for activities in the Antarctic area;
2. Where the Minister of Foreign Affairs deems it is impracticable to assess the impact on the Antarctic environment based upon the activities in the Antarctic area as corrected and supplemented.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 10 (Standards for Limitations on Permission)
"Standards prescribed by Presidential Decree" in subparagraph 1 of Article 10 of the Act means where activities in the Antarctic area for which an application for permission is filed pollute the Antarctic environment directly in spite of the pollution reduction measures specified in Article 6 (1) 2 (f), or pollute the Antarctic environment directly and/or indirectly despite the pollution reduction measures specified in Article 6 (1) 3 (f).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 11 (Protection of Safety of Facilities for Which Permission Not Required)
"Expensive equipment or facilities specified by Presidential Decree" in Article 11 (1) 2 of the Act means the following:
1. Stations for permanent settlement in Antarctica and related essential facilities;
2. Major means of transportation, such as vessels and aircraft.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 12 (Standards for Cancelling and Suspending Permission)
(1) Standards for cancelling and suspending permission for activities in the Antarctic area prescribed in Article 12 (1) of the Act are specified in attached Table 1.
(2) The Minister of Foreign Affairs may extend or reduce a period of suspension prescribed in paragraph (1) by up to 1/2 based on the motives, details, number, etc. of offenses. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
CHAPTER III COLLECTING, ETC. FAUNA AND FLORA NATIVE TO ANTARCTICA
 Article 13 (Approval for Collecting, etc. of Fauna and Flora Native to Antarctica)
(1) Where a person who has obtained permission for activities in the Antarctic area intends to engage in activities falling under Article 13 (1) 1 of the Act, the person shall request the Minister of Foreign Affairs to grant approval. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Upon receipt of a request specified in paragraph (1), the Minister of Foreign Affairs shall grant approval only for the following requests: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. A request for conducting scientific research activities or collecting scientific information;
2. A request for exhibiting in museums, botanical gardens, educational institutions, cultural institutions, etc.;
3. A request for capture or collection as exhibits in zoological gardens (however, capturing mammals or birds native to Antarctica shall be limited to where it is impracticable to obtain specimens thereof from other exhibits or the Committee for Environmental Protection provides an opinion that it is necessary for conservation);
4. Where it is deemed necessary to conduct scientific research activities or to construct and operate scientific facilities.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), the Minister of Foreign Affairs shall not grant approval in any of the following cases: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Where the quantities of fauna and flora native to Antarctica captured, collected, or removed (hereinafter referred to as the "quantities of fauna and flora native to Antarctica captured, etc.") exceed the range necessary to attain the objectives in the subparagraphs of paragraph (2);
2. Where the quantities of fauna and flora native to Antarctica collected, etc. exceed the naturally sustainable level;
3. Where capturing, collecting, or removing (hereinafter referred to as "collecting, etc.") fauna and flora native to Antarctica threatens the balance of related ecosystems and the diversity of species.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), where collecting, etc. fauna and flora native to Antarctica that fall into the specially protected species in Annex II to the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is intended, the Minister of Foreign Affairs shall grant approval only when collecting, etc. complies with all the following requirements: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. The capture, etc. of the specially protected species must be essential for conducting scientific research activities;
2. The quantities of specially protected species captured, etc. must be within a naturally sustainable range for the species.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 14 (Introduction of Fauna and Flora into Antarctica)
(1) Where a person who has obtained permission for activities in the Antarctic area intends to engage in activities falling under Article 13 (1) 2 of the Act, the person shall request approval from the Minister of Foreign Affairs. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Upon receipt of a request specified in paragraph (1), the Minister of Foreign Affairs shall grant approval only for the following requests: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. A request for approval to introduce ornamental plants;
2. A request for approval to introduce fauna and flora (including micro-organism, such as a virus, bacteria, yeast, and fungus) for experimental purposes.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 15 (Deterioration of Habitable Environment of Fauna and Flora Native to Antarctica)
(1) Where a person who has obtained permission for activities in the Antarctic area intends to engage in activities falling under Article 13 (1) 3 of the Act, the person shall request approval from the Minister of Foreign Affairs. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Upon receipt of a request specified in paragraph (1), the Minister of Foreign Affairs shall grant approval only the following requests: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. A request for approval to use a heliport within the station for the ordinary operation of a scientific station and operating vehicles or vessel around the station;
2. A request for approval to take off and land aircraft (including helicopters) for scientific research activities or for the construction of scientific stations by extremely limited methods, such as clearly specifying the duration and number of occasions;
3. A request for approval to operate vehicles or vessels for scientific research activities or to construct scientific stations by extremely limited methods, such as clearly specifying the duration and number of times;
4. A request for using gun powder or explosives for scientific research activities or for the construction of scientific stations by extremely limited methods, such as clearly specifying the duration and number of times.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
CHAPTER IV ANTARCTIC SPECIALLY PROTECTED AREAS, ETC.
 Article 16 (Public Notification of Specially Protected Areas, etc. in Antarctica)
The Minister of Foreign Affairs shall publicly notify the following matters designated at the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting within one month after the Meeting, pursuant to Article 14 (1) of the Act: <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Names and locations of Antarctic Specially Protected Areas and Antarctic Specially Managed Areas (including maps);
2. Names and locations of historic sites and monuments in Antarctica (including maps).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 17 (Approval of Access to or Activities in Antarctic Specially Protected Areas, etc.)
Where the Minster of Foreign Affairs intends to grant approval prescribed in Article 14 (2) of the Act, he/she shall grant approval only when access to or activity in the area is recognized to be for scientific research or for managing the area; and to be possible only in an Antarctic Specially Protected Area or Antarctic Specially Managed Area; and to occur according to the management plan for the relevant area prescribed by Annex V to the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
CHAPTER V WASTE DISPOSAL
 Article 18 (Waste Disposal)
(1) Any person who conducts activities in the Antarctic area shall bring or remove the following wastes from the Antarctic Treaty area: Provided, That the same shall not apply to sterilizing the wastes in subparagraphs 9 through 11 by means of incineration, autoclaving, etc.:
1. Radio-active materials;
2. Electrical batteries;
3. Fuel, both liquid and solid;
4. Heavy metal wastes, acutely toxic wastes, or wastes containing non-degradable, harmful compounds;
5. Wastes containing poly-vinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane, polystyrene, rubber, lubricants, and treated timbers;
6. Wastes containing additives generating harmful substances when incinerated;
7. Plastic wastes (excluding incinerating low density polyethylene containers, such as bags for storing wastes by the methods prescribed in Article 19);
8. Fuel drums;
9. Residues of carcasses of imported animals;
10. Micro-organisms and plant pathogens cultured in laboratories;
11. Introduced avian products;
12. Other solid non-combustible wastes.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), where removing the wastes in paragraph (1) 8 through 12 causes greater adverse environmental impact than leaving them in their existing locations, such wastes may not be brought out or removed.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 19 (Incineration and Storage of Wastes)
(1) Combustible wastes other than those specified in the subparagraphs of Article 18 (1) not removed from the Antarctic Treaty area shall be burned and disposed of not by open burning but in incinerators so as to reduce harmful gas emissions. In such cases, solid residues generated in incineration shall be disposed of as the wastes in Article 18 (1) 8.
(2) Any person who conducts activities in the Antarctic area shall store all wastes brought, removed, incinerated, or disposed of, from or in the Antarctic Treaty area in such a way as to prevent their dispersal into the local environment.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 20 (Disposal of Wastes on Land)
(1) No person who conducts activities in the Antarctic area shall dispose of wastes not disposed of pursuant to Articles 18 and 19 (1) onto ice-free areas or into fresh water systems.
(2) No person who conducts activities in the Antarctic area shall dispose of any liquid wastes not disposed of pursuant to Article 18, onto sea ice.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 21 (Disposal of Wastes in the Sea)
(1) Any person who conducts activities in the Antarctic area shall discharge sewage and domestic liquid wastes directly into the sea at locations where conditions exist for initial dilution and rapid dispersal, considering the assimilative capacity of the receiving marine environment.
(2) In cases of discharging large quantities of wastes generated in a station with an average weekly capacity of at least 30 individuals, into the sea, in the austral summer, such wastes shall be pulverized to dissolve into the sea easily.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 22 (Waste Management Plans, etc.)
(1) The Minister of Environment shall manage wastes generated in relation to activities in the Antarctic area systematically and shall classify and record wastes according to the following categories so as to assess the environmental impact of the wastes:
1. Group 1: Sewage and domestic liquid wastes;
2. Group 2: Other liquid wastes and chemicals, including fuels and lubricants;
3. Group 3: Combustible solid wastes;
4. Group 4: Other solid wastes;
5. Group 5: Radioactive material.
(2) For protecting the environment of the Antarctic Treaty area, the Minister of Environment shall formulate a waste management plan including reducing, storing, disposing of, etc. wastes and re-examine and amend such plan each year.
(3) The waste management plan prescribed in paragraph (2) shall include the following matters:
1. Programs for cleaning existing waste disposal sites and abandoned waste disposal sites;
2. Current and planned measures for waste management, including final disposal plan;
3. Current and planned measures for analyzing the environmental impacts of wastes and waste management;
4. Other measures to minimize any environmental impact of wastes and waste management.
(4) Any person who submits a waste management plan prescribed in subparagraph 3 of Article 5 of the Act shall prepare the waste management plan, based upon the waste management plan prescribed in paragraph (3).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 23 (Monitoring Antarctic Environment)
(1) Any person who has obtained permission for activities in the Antarctic area shall monitor the Antarctic environment pursuant to Article 17 of the Act to assess and verify the impact of pending activities in the Antarctic area on the Antarctic environment and shall prepare reports including the following matters:
1. Whether the degree of the impact of the activities in the Antarctic area complies with the regulations of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty;
2. Useful information to minimize or mitigate the environmental impact on Antarctica;
3. Where the activities in the Antarctic area affect the Antarctic environment more adversely than shown in the comprehensive environmental impact assessment prescribed in Article 6 (1) 3, opinions on whether it is necessary to suspend, cancel, or correct such activities in the Antarctic area.
(2) Every report prepared pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be submitted together when reporting the results of activities in the Antarctic area pursuant to Article 19 (1) of the Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
CHAPTER VI OBSERVERS OF ACTIVITIES IN ANTARCTIC AREA
 Article 24 (Designating, etc. Observers of Activities in Antarctic Area)
(1) Where the Minister of Foreign Affairs designates observers of activities in the Antarctic area pursuant to Article 18 (1) of the Act, he/she shall issue identification cards prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Where the Minister of Foreign Affairs designates observers of activities in the Antarctic area prescribed in Article 18 (1) of the Act to investigate other nations' facilities, equipment, vessels, aircraft, archives, etc. in the Antarctic Treaty area, he/she shall notify the Contracting Party State to the Antarctic Treaty of the matters regarding the names, and termination of appointment thereof. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Where an observer of activities in the Antarctic area conducts an investigation pursuant to Article 18 (3) of the Act, he/she shall carry an identification card prescribed in paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 25 (Qualifications for Observers of Activities in Antarctic Area)
Qualifications for observers of activities in the Antarctic area prescribed in Article 18 (1) of the Act are as follows:
1. A person conducting scientific research activities in an Antarctic station;
2. An expert in the Antarctic Treaty system and the Antarctic environment;
3. A person in charge of Antarctica-related business in a relevant administrative agency of the Government.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
CHAPTER VII PROMOTION OF ANTARCTIC RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
 Article 26 (Formulating, etc. Master Plans for Promoting Research Activities in Antarctica)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall formulate a master plan for promoting research activities in Antarctica every five years (hereinafter referred to as “master plan”) by attaining opinions of the heads of the relevant central administrative agencies pursuant to Article 21 (1) of the Act. In such cases, he/she shall preferentially reflect the opinions of the Minister of Science and ICT in basic research. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall determine final and conclusive master plans by submitting them for deliberations by the Presidential Advisory Council on Science and Technology under the Presidential Advisory Council on Science and Technology Act and shall publish such master plans in the Official Gazette. The same shall apply to amending the master plans. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013; Presidential Decree No. 28799, Apr. 17, 2018>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
 Article 27 (Formulation and Implementation of Annual Implementation Plans)
(1) The head of each relevant central administrative agency shall annually formulate and implement an annual implementation plan (hereinafter referred to as "implementation plan") including the following matters under his/her jurisdiction, based on the master plan:
1. Objectives and details of promoting Antarctic research activities of the relevant year;
2. Detailed promotion plan by major Antarctic research activities;
3. Measures for securing financial resources by major Antarctic research activities.
(2) The head of each relevant central administrative agency shall submit an implementation plan for the following year by December 21 each year and shall submit materials regarding the results of promoting the implementation plan for the previous year by the last day of February each year to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
CHAPTER VIII PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 28 (Standards for Imposing Administrative Fines)
Standards for imposing administrative fines prescribed in Article 27 (1) of the Act are prescribed as attached Table 2.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 23670. Mar. 21, 2012]
ADDENDUM
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20673, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 20722, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amendments to the Presidential Decrees to be amended pursuant to Article 6 of the Addenda, which were promulgated before this Decree enters into force but the enforcement dates of which have yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the dates the relevant Presidential Decrees enter into force.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 22977, Jun. 24, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 23670, Mar. 21, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Standards for Administrative Dispositions)
Administrative dispositions taken for offenses committed before this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the previous provisions: Provided, That the provisions of this Decree shall apply where the standards provided for in this Decree are more lenient than those in the previous provisions.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24424, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24443, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 24474, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28211, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amendments to the Presidential Decrees to be amended pursuant to Article 8 of the Addenda, which were promulgated before this Decree enters into force but the enforcement dates of which have yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the dates the relevant Presidential Decrees enter into force.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28799, Apr. 17, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on April 17, 2018.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.