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FRAMEWORK ACT ON THE NATIONAL LAND

Act No. 6654, Feb. 4, 2002

Amended by Act No. 8122, Dec. 28, 2006

Act No. 8870, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 9440, Feb. 6, 2009

Act No. 9774, jun. 9, 2009

Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011

Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 12737, jun. 3, 2014

Act No. 12736, jun. 3, 2014

Act No. 12738, jun. 3, 2014

Act No. 14335, Dec. 2, 2016

Act No. 14804, Apr. 18, 2017

Act No. 15489, Mar. 20, 2018

Act No. 15598, Apr. 17, 2018

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the sound development of the national land and the improvement of the national welfare by providing for fundamental matters concerning the formulation and implementation of plans for and policies on the national land.
 Article 2 (Basic Ideas for Management of National Land)
Since the national land is the basis for all nationals' living and also the national assets to be handed down to our posterity, any plans and policies for the national land shall be formulated and executed so as to ensure the sustainable development of the national land by keeping its well-balanced developments, elevating the national competitiveness, and improving the quality of life of the nation, on the basis of a harmony between development and the environment.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 3 (Balanced Development of National Land)
(1) The State and local governments shall create such conditions of national land as to make all nationals capable of enjoying a stable and convenient life, by ensuring that each area can be developed with its originality in pursuance of its peculiarity and equip itself with the self-reliant competitiveness.
(2) The State and local governments shall create the basis for ensuring that the well-balanced development may be achieved between the metropolitan zone and non-metropolitan zones, between the cities and agricultural, mountainous and fishing villages, and between the big cities and small and medium cities, and that the areas with very poor living conditions may achieve some developments.
(3) The State and local governments shall contrive to achieve harmony and common prosperity among regions by facilitating exchanges and cooperation among the regions and rendering systematic support thereto.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 4 (Creation of Competitive Conditions of National Land)
(1) The State and local governments shall contrive to strengthen the national competitiveness and to ensure the improvement of the quality of life of the nation, by systematically expanding the infrastructure of the national land, such as roads, railroads, harbors, airports, water-supply facilities, logistics facilities, and information and communications facilities.
(2) The State and local governments shall endeavor to efficiently exploit and systematically preserve and manage national land resources, such as farmland, water resources, forest resources, food resources, mineral resources, ecological resources, and marine and fisheries resources. <Amended by Act No. 14804, Apr. 18, 2017>
(3) The State and local governments shall ensure that such geographical characteristics of the national land as to link the continent with the ocean may be displayed to the maximum extent, by creating the conditions of the national land under which international exchanges may be achieved vigorously.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 5 (Environment-Friendly Management of National Land)
(1) The State and local governments shall take into account any impacts on the natural and living environments considering the details of the environmental preservation plan formulated under the Framework Act on Environmental Policy prior to formulating and executing plans or projects for the national land and ensure that any adverse impacts on the environments may be minimized. <Amended by Act No. 14335, Dec. 2, 2016>
(2) The State and local governments shall formulate a comprehensive plan for land utilization in order to prevent any disorderly development of the national land and to smoothly supply land required for the nationals' living and shall systematically manage any space of the national land in pursuance of the said plan.
(3) The State and local governments shall create a pleasant national land environment wherein people can live together with nature, by comprehensively managing and conserving the natural ecosystem consisting of mountains, rivers, lakes, marshes, coastal areas, and seas and by promoting comprehensive policies for restoring any damaged natural ecosystem.
(4) Where it is necessary for the connection between the plans for the national land formulated under paragraph (1) and the environmental preservation plan pursuant to the Framework Act on Environmental Policy, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may determine the scope, method of connection, procedure, etc. jointly with the Minister of Environment. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14335, Dec. 2, 2016>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER II FORMULATION, ETC. OF NATIONAL LAND PLAN
 Article 5-2 (Indexes and Standards of Sustainable Management of National Land)
(1) For sustainable and balanced development of the national land, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall set up (including cases of a change; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) and announce indexes and standards to measure and evaluate the sustainability of management of the national land. In such cases, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall consult in advance with the heads of relevant central administrative agencies. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The head of a local government may set up and announce separate indexes and standards, if deemed necessary in light of its regional characteristics, after due consideration for indexes and standards under paragraph (1). In such cases, the head of the local government shall have a prior consultation with the head of a relevant administrative agency and then go through deliberation by the local urban planning committee established at the local government under Article 113 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act.
(3) When the head of a local government sets up and announces indexes and standards pursuant to paragraph (2), he/she shall immediately report thereon to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) When the head of a relevant administrative agency develops any plan or policy for the national land, he/she shall consider the indexes and standards set up and announced pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2).
(5) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and the heads of local governments may measure and evaluate the sustainability of management of the national land, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, by utilizing the indexes and standards under paragraphs (1) and (2). <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 6 (Definition and Classification of National Land Plans)
(1) For the purpose of this Act, the term "national land plan" means any plan for setting the directions to be followed while developing the national land to cope with future economic and social changes and for achieving goals according to those directions, in utilizing, developing and conserving the national land.
(2) National land plans shall be classified into a comprehensive national land plan, a Do comprehensive plan, a Si/Gun comprehensive plan, a regional plan, and a sector plan, according to the following division: <Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011>
1. Comprehensive national land plan: A comprehensive plan indicating a long-term direction for development of the national land, covering the entire area of the national land;
2. Do comprehensive plan: A comprehensive plan indicating a long-term direction for development of the jurisdictional area of a Do or a Special Self-Governing Province, covering the entire area of the relevant region;
3. Si/Gun comprehensive plan: A plan indicating the basic spatial structure and a long-term direction for development of the jurisdictional area of a Special Metropolitan City, a Metropolitan City, a Si, or a Gun (excluding any Gun in a Metropolitan City), covering the entire area of the relevant region, which is formulated for land utilization, traffic, environment, safety, industry, information and communications, health, welfare, culture, etc. as a part of an urban plan under the National Land Planning and Utilization Act;
4. Regional plan: A plan formulated in order to achieve the objectives of special policies in a specific region, covering the entire area thereof;
5. Sector plan: A plan indicating a long-term direction for development of a specific sector, covering the entire area of the national land.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 7 (Interrelation between National Land Plans)
(1) A comprehensive national land plan shall form the basis for Do comprehensive plans and Si/Gun comprehensive plans, and sector plans and regional plans shall be in harmony with the comprehensive national land plan.
(2) A Do comprehensive plan shall form the basis for Si/Gun comprehensive plans to be formulated within the jurisdictional area of the relevant Do.
(3) A comprehensive national land plan shall be formulated on a twenty-year basis, and a person who has the authority to formulate a Do comprehensive plan, a Si/Gun comprehensive plan, a regional plan, or a sector plan shall fix the cycle of its formulation by taking account of the cycle of formulating the comprehensive national land plan.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 8 (Relationship with Plans Formulated under Other Statutes)
A comprehensive national land plan formulated under this Act shall take precedence over any plan regarding the national land formulated under other statutes, and form the basis for the latter: Provided, That the same shall not apply to any plans for military affairs.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 9 (Formulation of Comprehensive National Land Plan)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall formulate a comprehensive national land plan. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) When the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to formulate a comprehensive national land plan, he/she may request the head of a central administrative agency and a Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Do Governor or the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor"), as prescribed by Presidential Decree, to submit draft plans by jurisdiction as to the policies and projects to be reflected in the comprehensive national land plan. In such cases, the head of the central administrative agency and the Mayor/Do Governor shall comply with such request, except in exceptional circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall prepare a draft comprehensive national land plan on the basis of the draft plans by jurisdiction submitted under paragraph (2), as prescribed by Presidential Decree, by adjusting and summarizing such draft plans, and with respect to any matters deemed proper for being contained in the comprehensive national land plan other than the contents of the draft plans by jurisdiction already submitted, he/she may reflect them in the draft comprehensive national land plan, after consulting with the heads of relevant administrative agencies. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Paragraphs (2) and (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis where a comprehensive national land plan already formulated is to be altered.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 10 (Contents of Comprehensive National Land Plan)
A comprehensive national land plan shall contain basic and long-term policy directions as to the following: <Amended by Act No. 14804, Apr. 18, 2017; Act No. 15598, Apr. 17, 2018>
1. Matters concerning the current status of the national land and the outlook of any changes in the given conditions;
2. Matters concerning the basic ideas for national land development and the establishment of desirable future images of the national land;
2-2. Matters concerning formulation of renovative foundations for effective developments of national land by developing and utilizing new technologies for the traffic, logistics, spatial data, etc.
3. Matters concerning the improvement of the spatial structure of the national land and a direction for sharing the functions by region;
4. Matters concerning policies for the balanced development of the national land and concerning the fostering of regional industries;
5. Matters concerning the elevation of national competitiveness and the expansion of the infrastructure of the national land forming the basis for nationals' living;
6. Matters concerning the efficient utilization and management of national land resources, such as land, water resources, forest resources, and marine and fisheries resources;
7. Matters concerning the creation of living conditions, such as housing and water supply and sewerage systems, and the improvement of the quality of life;
8. Matters concerning the prevention of flood damage, wind damage, and other disasters;
9. Matters concerning the rational utilization and management of underground spaces;
10. Matters concerning the conservation and improvement of national land environments for the sustainable development of the national land;
11. Other matters incidental to subparagraphs 1 through 10.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 11 (Holding of Public Hearings)
(1) When the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport prepares a draft comprehensive national land plan, he/she shall hold a public hearing to hear opinions of the general public, related specialists, etc., and when he/she deems that the opinions presented at the public hearing are reasonable, he/she shall reflect them in the comprehensive national land plan: Provided, That the same shall not apply with respect to any information to be kept confidential for the sake of national defense upon request by the Minister of National Defense. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Matters necessary for holding public hearings under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 12 (Approval for Comprehensive National Land Plan)
(1) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to formulate a comprehensive national land plan or to alter a plan so formulated, he/she shall obtain approval from the President after undergoing prior deliberation by both the National Land Policy Committee provided for in Article 26 (hereinafter referred to as the “National Land Policy Committee”) and the State Council. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to undergo deliberation by the National Land Policy Committee under paragraph (1), he/she shall have a prior consultation with the heads of relevant central administrative agencies about proposals for deliberation and seek opinions from Mayors/Do Governors thereon. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The heads of relevant central administrative agencies and the Mayors/Do Governors in receipt of proposals for deliberation under paragraph (2) shall present their opinions to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport within 30 days of receipt of those proposals, except in exceptional circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport has obtained approval for the comprehensive national land plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall promptly notify its major contents publicly in the Official Gazette and send the comprehensive national land plan to the heads of the relevant central administrative agencies, the Mayors/Do Governors, and the heads of Sis/Guns (excluding the heads of Guns in Metropolitan Cities; hereafter the same shall apply in this Chapter). <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 13 (Formulation of Do Comprehensive Plans)
(1) A Do Governor (in the case of a Special Self-Governing Province, referring to the Governor of the Special Self-Governing Province; hereinafter the same shall apply) shall formulate a Do comprehensive plan as to the following matters: Provided, That in the case of any Do for which a separate plan has been formulated under any other Act and which is prescribed by Presidential Decree, the relevant Do Governor is not required to formulate such plan:
1. Matters concerning the analysis of current status and peculiarity of the region and concerning the outlook of any changes in internal and external conditions;
2. Matters concerning objectives and strategies for the regional development;
3. Matters concerning the improvement of the region’s spatial structure and directions for sharing the functions within the region;
4. Matters concerning the construction of the infrastructure, such as transportation, logistics, and information and communications network;
5. Matters concerning the development, conservation and management of resources and environments within the region;
6. Matters concerning the utilization of land by purpose and its planned management;
7. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, required for the sustainable development of the Do.
(2) When a Do Governor formulates a Do comprehensive plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall go through deliberation by the urban planning committee established in the Do under the National Land Planning and Utilization Act.
(3) Formulation standards and preparation methods for Do comprehensive plans shall be determined by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 14 (Public Hearings for Formulation of Do Comprehensive Plans)
Article 11 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the formulation of a Do comprehensive plan.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 15 (Approval for Do Comprehensive Plans)
(1) Where a Do Governor has formulated a Do comprehensive plan, he/she shall obtain approval from the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. The same shall also apply where he/she intends to alter the approved Do comprehensive plan. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to approve a Do comprehensive plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall go through deliberation by the National Land Policy Committee after consulting with the heads of relevant central administrative agencies. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The heads of the relevant central administrative agencies in receipt of a request for consultation under paragraph (2) shall present their opinions to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport within 30 days of receipt of such request, except in exceptional circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Where a Do Governor has obtained approval for a Do comprehensive plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall promptly notify its major contents publicly in the Official Gazette and send the plan to the heads of Sis/Guns located in his/her jurisdictional areas.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 16 (Formulation of Regional Plans)
(1) Where the head of a central administrative agency or the head of a local government deems it necessary for consolidation or development suitable for local peculiarities, he/she may formulate a regional plan according to the following division, as prescribed by relevant Acts, after consulting with the heads of relevant central administrative agencies: <Amended by Act No. 12737, Jun. 3, 2014>
1. Seoul Metropolitan Area development plan: A plan formulated in order to induce the decentralization and reasonable arrangement of population and industries excessively concentrated in the Seoul Metropolitan Area;
2. Regional development plan: A plan for making a broadly-based and systematic development of such areas as backward regions with growth potential or regional hubs and their surrounding areas;
3. and 4. Deleted; <by Act No. 12737, Jun. 3, 2014>
5. Other regional plans formulated under other Acts.
(2) Where the head of a central administrative agency or the head of a local government has formulated or altered a regional plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall promptly notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport thereof. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 17 (Formulation of Sector Plans)
(1) The head of a central administrative agency may formulate a sector plan as to his/her competent duties, covering the entire area of the national land.
(2) Where the head of a central administrative agency intends to formulate a sector plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall reflect the contents of the comprehensive national land plan in the sector plan and ensure that his/her plan shall not be in contradiction to the comprehensive national land plan.
(3) Where the head of a central administrative agency has formulated or altered a sector plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall promptly notify the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport thereof. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER III EFFICIENT PROMOTION OF NATIONAL LAND PLAN
 Article 18 (Formulation and Evaluation of Implementation Plans)
(1) The heads of central administrative agencies and Mayors/Do Governors shall reflect the contents of the comprehensive national land plan in the policies and plans related to their competent duties and shall formulate implementation plans by competence in order to execute the comprehensive national land plan, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and submit such plans to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The heads of central administrative agencies and Mayors/Do Governors shall prepare the actual performance records of their implementation plans by competence and submit such records to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall integrate the actual performance records submitted under paragraph (2) and periodically evaluate the outcomes of the comprehensive national land plan, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and reflect the results of such evaluation in the formulation and execution of the national land policies. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) In order to efficiently conduct the evaluation under paragraph (3), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may entrust the survey, analysis, etc. required therefor to a specialized institution. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 19 (Consolidation of Comprehensive National Land Plan)
The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall make an overall review of the comprehensive national land plan every five years by taking account of the results of evaluation under Article 18 (3) and the changes in social and economic conditions; and if necessary, he/she shall consolidate the said plan. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 19-2 (Subject Matters of, and Criteria for, Evaluation of National Land Plans)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall evaluate whether any national land plans that provide the medium- and long-term guidelines prescribed by Presidential Decree contribute to the sustainable development of the national land in light of the balanced development of the national land, the creation of competitive conditions for the national land, and the environment-friendly management of the national land (hereinafter referred to as “evaluation of national land plans”). <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The criteria for evaluation of national land plans shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree in consideration of the basic ideas for the management of the national land under Articles 2 through 5.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 19-3 (Procedures for Evaluation of National Land Plans)
(1) A person who has the authority to formulate a national land plan subject to the evaluation under Article 19-2 (1) shall prepare a request for evaluation of the national land plan and submit it to the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, before formulating or altering the national land plan. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Upon receipt of a request for evaluation of the national land plan under paragraph (1), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport shall evaluate the national land plan and refer the results to the National Land Policy Committee for deliberation. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) If necessary to evaluate the national land plan under paragraph (2), the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may commission a Government-funded research institution established under the Act on the Establishment, Operation and Fostering of Government-Funded Research Institutions or related specialists to conduct on-the-spot surveys or may seek opinions from them; and if necessary to evaluate any matter concerning the environment-friendly management of the national land in a request for evaluation of the national land plan under paragraph (1), he/she shall seek opinions from the Minister of Environment, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) The period for submission of a request for evaluation of the national land plan under paragraph (1), the procedures for notifying the results of evaluation of the national land plan under paragraph (2), and other necessary matters concerning the procedures for evaluation of the national land plan shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 20 (Coordination between Plans)
(1) Where Do comprehensive plans, Si/Gun comprehensive plans, regional plans, and sector plans fall under any of the following subparagraphs, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may request the heads of the competent central administrative agencies or the heads of the relevant local governments to coordinate such plans: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14335, Dec. 2, 2016>
1. Where they are found to be contradictory to one another or not to be in conformity with the comprehensive national land plan;
2. Where it is found necessary to supplement and coordinate the relevant national land plans as a result of the evaluation under Article 19-3 (2);
3. Where it is deemed that any supplement and adjustment are needed due to deficiencies in connection with the environmental preservation plan formulated under the Framework Act on Environmental Policy.
(2) Where the head of a central administrative agency or the head of a local government in receipt of a request for coordinating a plan under paragraph (1) fails to reflect it without just cause, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may coordinate it, subject to deliberation by the National Land Policy Committee. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to make coordination under paragraph (2), he/she shall seek prior opinions from the head of the competent central administrative agency or the head of the relevant local government. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 21 (Coordination of Dispositions, etc. as to National Land Plans)
(1) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport deems that there exists a concern over causing any impediments to the smooth execution of a national land plan, since any dispositions or projects performed by the head of a central administrative agency or the head of a local government to implement the said plan are contradictory to each other, he/she may coordinate such dispositions or projects, subject to deliberation by the National Land Policy Committee. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The head of the competent central administrative agency or the head of the relevant local government may request the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport to coordinate dispositions or projects under paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Where the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport intends to make coordination under paragraph (1), he/she shall seek prior opinions from the head of the competent central administrative agency or the head of the relevant local government. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 22 (Financial Measures)
The heads of central administrative agencies and the heads of local governments shall adopt necessary financial measures to ensure that a national land plan can produce material results.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER IV CONSTRUCTION OF NATIONAL LAND INFORMATION SYSTEM, ETC.
 Article 23 Deleted. <by Act No. 9440, Feb 6, 2009>
 Article 24 (Annual Reports on National Land Planning and Utilization)
(1) The Government shall prepare an annual report on major policies for national land planning and utilization (hereinafter referred to as "annual report") and submit it to the National Assembly each year by not later than the opening of its regular session.
(2) An annual report referred to in paragraph (1) shall contain the following:
1. Formulation and management of national land plans;
2. Policies implemented and intended to be implemented for planning and utilizing the national land;
3. Current status of regional development and related major policies;
4. Current status of infrastructure;
5. Current status of utilization of the national land resources;
6. Current status of the national land environment and related major policies;
7. Current status of land utilization and trends of land transactions by specific-use area;
8. Other important matters concerning national land planning and utilization.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 25 (Survey of National Land)
(1) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may survey in advance the population, economy, society, culture, traffic, environment, land utilization and other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, when deemed necessary to formulate any plans or policies for the national land, to produce spatial data under Article 32 (2) of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Act, or to prepare annual reports. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 12736, Jun. 3, 2014>
(2) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may request the heads of central administrative agencies or the heads of local governments to submit data required for survey, or request them to directly survey some of the matters for survey under paragraph (1). In such cases, the heads of the central administrative agencies or the heads of the local governments so requested shall comply therewith, except in exceptional circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may entrust a specialized institution with the survey under paragraph (1), where it is necessary for the efficient implementation of the national land survey. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Necessary matters regarding the types, methods, etc. of the national land survey under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
CHAPTER V NATIONAL LAND POLICY COMMITTEE
 Article 26 (National Land Policy Committee)
(1) A National Land Policy Committee shall be established under the control of the Prime Minister to deliberate on important matters regarding plans and policies for the national land.
(2) The National Land Policy Committee shall deliberate on the following matters: Provided, That when another Act provides that the matters provided for in subparagraphs 3 and 4 be referred to another Committee for deliberation, those matters are not subject to deliberation by the National Land Policy Committee:
1. Matters concerning comprehensive national land plans;
2. Matters concerning Do comprehensive plans;
3. Matters concerning regional plans;
4. Matters concerning sector plans;
5. Matters concerning the evaluation of national land plans;
6. Matters concerning the coordination of national land plans and of dispositions, etc. as to national land plans under Articles 20 (2) and 21;
7. Matters subject to deliberation by the National Land Policy Committee under this Act or other Acts;
8. Other matters referred by the chairperson of the National Land Policy Committee or the chairperson of a subcommittee under Article 28 for deliberation.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 27 (Organization, etc.)
(1) The National Land Policy Committee shall be comprised of not more than 42 members, including one chairperson and two vice chairpersons, who shall consist of ex officio members and commissioned members: Provided, That in the case of deliberation on matters concerning a regional plan, the relevant Mayor/Do Governor may sit on the Committee only for such deliberation in addition to the fixed number of members. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) The office of chairperson shall be assumed by the Prime Minister, and the offices of vice chairpersons by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and by a member elected by and among commissioned members. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Members shall consist of the following: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 15489, Mar. 20, 2018>
1. Ex officio members: The heads of the central administrative agencies prescribed by Presidential Decree, the Minister of the Office for Government Policy Coordination, and the chairperson of the Presidential Committee for Balanced National Development under the Special Act on Balanced National Development;
2. Commissioned members: Persons commissioned by the Prime Minister from among those who have considerable knowledge and experience in plans and policies for the national land.
(4) The terms of office of commissioned members shall be two years, and the term of office of a member newly commissioned due to resignation, etc. shall be the remainder of his/her predecessor’s term of office.
(5) Necessary matters regarding the organization, operation, etc. of the National Land Policy Committee, other than those provided for in paragraphs (1) through (4), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 28 (Subcommittees, Expert Members, etc.)
(1) Subcommittees shall be established by area, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, to ensure that the National Land Policy Committee can perform its functions more efficiently.
(2) Any deliberation made by a subcommittee shall be deemed a deliberation made by the National Land Policy Committee.
(3) The chairperson of the National Land Policy Committee may commission expert members from among those who have expertise and experience in relation to plans and policies for the national land so as to provide advice and suggestions regarding major matters subject to deliberation by the National Land Policy Committee and subcommittees.
(4) An expert member may attend and speak at meetings of the National Land Policy Committee and a subcommittee; and if necessary, he/she may present his/her opinions in writing to the Committee or subcommittee.
(5) Necessary matters regarding the organization and operation of subcommittees, the terms of office of expert members, etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Articles 29 and 30 Deleted. <by Act No. 8870, Feb. 29, 2008>
CHAPTER VI SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 31 (Principle of Cost Allocation)
Except as otherwise provided for in this Act or other Acts, any costs for the formulation of a national land plan, a survey of the national land, etc. shall be in principle borne by those who formulate the plan or survey the national land: Provided, That when a local government surveys the national land under Article 25 (2), some of the costs involved may be defrayed out of the National Treasury.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 32 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of the Spatial Data Industry Promotion Act)
(1) Articles 8 (2), (3), (6), and (7), 9, 11, 12, 101, and 102 of the Spatial Data Industry Promotion Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the submission of data needed to survey the national land for the formulation, etc. of a national land plan, the notice and public notification of the national land survey, access to land, etc., the alteration and removal of obstacles, etc., the temporary use of land, etc., compensation for losses incurred by the national land survey, and the establishment, management, and protection of signs. <Amended by Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014>
(2) Subparagraph 1 of Article 108 and Article 111 (1) 18 of the Spatial Data Industry Promotion Act shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to punishment for violating matters concerning the protection of signs, access to land, etc., and the temporary use of land, etc., among the matters provided for in paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014>
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
 Article 33 (Delegation of Authority and Entrustment of Duties)
(1) Authority of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport under this Act may be partially delegated to the heads of institutions under his/her control or Mayors/Do Governors, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Duties of the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, a Mayor/Do Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun under this Act may be partially entrusted to another administrative agency or non-administrative agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree or ordinance of the relevant local government. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) For the purposes of Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act, non-administrative agencies entrusted under paragraph (2) and their employees shall be regarded respectively as public officials.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011]
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2003.
Article 2 (Repeal of Other Act)
Article 3 (General Transitional Measures)
Any disposition, procedures and other acts under the provisions of previous Act on Comprehensive Plans for Construction in the National Territory at the time of enforcement of this Act shall be deemed to have been made under the provisions of this Act.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures for Comprehensive National Land Plan and Do Comprehensive Plan)
The comprehensive national land construction plan and the Do comprehensive construction plan formulated under the previous Act on Comprehensive Plans for Construction in the National Territory at the time of enforcement of this Act shall be deemed to be the comprehensive national land plan and the Do comprehensive plan formulated under this Act.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures for National Land Policy Committee)
Not later than prior to the establishment of the National Land Policy Committee under this Act, Council of Comprehensive Plans for Construction in National Territory under the previous Act on Comprehensive Plans for Construction in the National Territory at the time of enforcement of this Act shall be regarded as the National Land Policy Committee established under this Act.
Article 6 Omitted.
Article 7 (Relations with Other Acts)
In case where the previous Act on Comprehensive Plans for Construction in the National Territory or its provisions are cited in other Acts at the time of enforcement of this Act, if there exist any corresponding provisions in this Act, this Act or the corresponding provisions in this Act shall be deemed to have been cited in lieu of the previous provisions.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 8122, Dec. 28, 2006>
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8870, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9440, Feb. 6, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9774, Jun. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 19 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10758, May 30, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 12, 15, 19-2, 19-3, 20, 21, and 26 through 28 of this Act and Article 3 of these Addenda shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Evaluation of National Land Plans)
The amended provisions of Articles 19-2 and 19-3 shall apply to any national land plans that are formulated or altered on or after the date this Act enters into force and are under consultation with relevant administrative agencies.
Article 3 Omitted.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Discontinued Committees)
Any matters deliberated upon by the Committee on Development of East, West, and South Coast Areas and Inland Areas under the former Special Act on Development of East, West, and South Coast Areas and Inland Areas or by the Committee on Development of Underdeveloped Areas under the former Special Act on the Promotion of Development Investments in Underdeveloped Areas, as at the time this Act enters into force, shall be deemed to have been deliberated upon by the National Land Policy Committee under this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12736, Jun. 3, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12737, Jun. 3, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2015.
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14335, Dec. 2, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Adjustments between Plans)
The amended provision of Article 20 (1) 3 shall apply to national land plans deliberated on by the National Land Policy Committee or any other committee, after this Act enters into force, pursuant to Article 26 (2).
ADDENDA <Act No. 14804, Apr. 18, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15489, Mar. 20, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15598, Apr. 17, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Comprehensive National Land Plan)
The amended provisions of subparagraph 2-2 of Article 10 shall begin to apply to the formulation or adjustment of a comprehensive national land plan after this Act enters into force.