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BASIC RESEARCH PROMOTION AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT ACT

Wholly Amended by Act No. 10445, Mar. 9, 2011

Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 11713, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 13007, Jan. 20, 2015

Act No. 13211, Mar. 11, 2015

Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016

Act No. 14573, Mar. 14, 2017

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

Act No. 15344, Jan. 16, 2018

Act No. 15558, Apr. 17, 2018

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the strengthening of national competitiveness in science and technology and the economic and social development by supporting and nurturing basic research, encouraging research and development of core technologies, facilitating the accumulation of capabilities for creative research, and training excellent human resources for science and technology.
 Article 2 (Definition)
The term “basic research” in this Act means research activities for creating new theologies, knowledge, etc. through basic science or through the convergence between basic science and engineering, medical science, agricultural science, etc.
 Article 3 (Relationship with Other Statutes)
Except as otherwise expressly provided for in any other statute, the promotion of basic research and the support for the development of technologies shall be governed by this Act.
 Article 4 (Government’s Support)
The Government shall continue to formulate policies, including fiscal and financial support necessary for promoting basic research and funding the development of technologies, to attain the purpose of this Act.
CHAPTER II PROMOTION OF BASIC RESEARCH
 Article 5 (Formulation and Implementation of Comprehensive Plans)
(1) In order to efficiently attain the purpose of this Act, the Minister of Science and ICT shall determine goals and direction for medium- and long-term policies on the promotion of basic research, consult the heads of related central administrative agencies thereon, and formulate and implement a comprehensive plan for the promotion of basic research according to the goals and direction (hereinafter referred to as “comprehensive plan”). <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A comprehensive plan shall include the following:
1. Fundamental goals and directions for the promotion of basic research;
2. Construction of infrastructure, creation of an environment, and other support systems for basic research;
3. Schemes for the training and utilization of human resources specialized in the areas pertaining to basic research;
4. Investment and funding plans for the promotion of basic research;
5. Other matters necessary to promote basic research.
(3) The head of a related central administrative agency shall formulate and execute an implementation plan each year to promote basic research (hereinafter referred to as “implementation plan”) under a comprehensive plan.
(4) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3), matters necessary to formulate a comprehensive plan and implementation plan shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 6 (Implementation of Basic Research Projects)
(1) The head of a related central administrative agency shall implement basic research projects under a comprehensive plan and implementation plan and may entrust all or part of relevant basic research projects to the any of the following institutions prescribed by Presidential Decree, in order to efficiently implement such basic research projects:
1. A government-funded research institute established pursuant to the Act on the Establishment, Operation and Fostering of Government-Funded Research Institutes or the Act on the Establishment, Operation and Fostering of Government-Funded Science and Technology Research Institutes;
2. A research institute governed by the Specific Research Institutes Support Act;
3. A university, industrial college, junior college, or technical college under the Higher Education Act (hereinafter referred to as “university”);
4. A national or public research institute;
5. A research institute specialized in manufacturing technology under Article 42 of the Industrial Technology Innovation Promotion Act.
(2) Expenses associated with basic research projects under paragraph (1) shall be covered by the contributions from the Government or persons other than the Government, gains from managing the Science and Technology Promotion Fund under Article 22 of the Framework Act on Science and Technology (hereinafter referred to as the “Promotion Fund”), and research and development funds from public institutions under Article 13.
(3) If necessary to implement basic research projects, the head of a related central administrative agency or the head of an institution entrusted with a basic research project pursuant to paragraph (1) may select research tasks and execute an agreement with the head of an institution or organization specified in Article 14 (1) on the assignment of such research tasks.
(4) Matters necessary to implement basic research projects, including the implementation of basic research projects under paragraph (1) and the selection of research tasks under paragraph (3), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 7 (Policies on Promotion of Basic Research)
The Government shall formulate policies for the following in order to create conditions conducive to promoting basic research: <Amended by Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016>
1. Support to cover the expenses for training of and research by professors, researchers, and other relevant experts;
2. Grant of research scholarships to students enrolled in a master or doctoral degree course;
3. Utilization of a research faculty program (including a program for research assistants), a faculty research leave program, a visiting faculty program, and a visiting research fellowship program;
4. Provision of facilities, equipment, and materials for research to universities;
5. Assistance in establishing research institutes annexed to a university and creation of excellent research groups;
6. Promotion of exchanges among industry, academia, and research institutes, such as joint research, exchanges of human resources, and the joint use of research facilities and equipment by universities, national and public research institutes, government-funded research institutes under Article 6 (1) 1, and business-affiliated research institutes recognized under Article 14-2 (1);
7. Encouragement for enterprises, etc. to assist universities in basic research;
8. Other matters necessary to create an environment for basic research and build infrastructure for basic research.
 Article 8 (Creation of Environment Conducive to Basic Research at Universities)
The Government shall prioritize the development of measures necessary to create an environment conducive to basic research, including securing faculty members and expanding research facilities in universities, to promote basic research at universities.
 Article 9 (Establishment of Korea Academy of Science and Technology)
(1) The Korea Academy of Science and Technology (hereinafter referred to as the “Academy”) shall be established for the exchange and utilization of distinguished scholars in science and technology so as to create a foundation for the promotion of basic research and to search and utilize excellent scientists and engineers necessary therefor.
(2) The Academy shall be a legal entity.
(3) The Academy shall conduct the following business activities: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Conducting surveys and research necessary to create a foundation for the promotion of basic research, and providing advice on policies therefor;
2. Programs for the exchange and cooperation with foreign academies of science and technology;
3. Projects for praising and preserving the honor of scientists and engineers;
4. Providing advice on policies for encouraging outstanding individuals to major in science or engineering;
5. Providing advice on policies for the popularization of science and technology;
6. Projects designated or entrusted by the Minister of Science and ICT.
(4) The Government may grant a subsidy to cover all or part of the expenses incurred by the Academy in conducting its business activities, within budgetary limits.
(5) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Act, the provisions governing incorporated associations in the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Academy.
(6) No person, other than the Academy, may use the name “Korea Academy of Science and Technology”.
(7) Except as expressly provided for in paragraphs (1) through (6), matters necessary for the management and operation of the Academy shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 10 (Facilitation of Joint Use of Facilities and Equipment for Research)
Upon receipt of a request for the use of research facilities and equipment under its ownership from the head of an institution to which a researcher engaged in basic research is affiliated, the head of an institution or organization that conducts basic research projects under Article 6 shall provide full cooperation to the researcher in his/her use of such research facilities and equipment.
 Article 11 (Subsidization for Activities of Academic Organizations)
In order to disseminate outcomes of basic research projects, the Government may subsidize activities conducted by academic societies and organizations, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 12 (Support for International Joint Research)
In order to promote international exchange for basic research, the Government may provide support for joint basic research projects with a foreign country or with an international organization and other projects specified by Presidential Decree.
 Article 13 (Public Institutions’ Financial Support for Basic Research)
(1) The Government may recommend a public institution under the Act on the Management of Public Institutions to invest some of its funds related to research and development in basic research for the research and development necessary to achieve the objectives of the institution.
(2) The public institutions subject to recommendation under paragraph (1) and the scale of investment shall be determined each year by the Minister of Science and ICT in consultation with the heads of related central administrative agencies, subject to deliberation by the Presidential Advisory Council on Science and Technology established under the Presidential Advisory Council on Science and Technology Act. <Amended by Act Nos. 11690&11713, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017; Act No. 15344, Jan. 16, 2018>
CHAPTER III SUPPORT FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY
 Article 14 (Implementation of Specific Research and Development Projects)
(1) The Minister of Science and ICT may formulate a plan for research and development projects focusing on developing promising future technologies and converging technologies based on outcomes of basic research (hereinafter referred to as “specific research and development projects”), select research tasks yearly, and conclude agreements thereon with the following institutions or organizations. If an institution referred to in subparagraph 2 has no power of representation in such cases, an agreement may be signed with the representative of the corporation with which the institution is affiliated: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 13211, Mar. 11, 2015; Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. An institution referred to in Article 6 (1);
2. A business-affiliated research institute or department solely responsible for research and development, recognized under Article 14-2 (1);
3. An industrial technology research cooperative under the Industrial Technology Research Cooperatives Support Act;
3-2. The scientists and engineers cooperatives under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Cooperative Research and Development Promotion Act;
4. A nanotechnology research council under Article 7 of the Act on the Promotion of Nanotechnology;
5. A nonprofit corporation that meets the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree for research personnel and facilities, from among nonprofit corporations in science and technology established pursuant to the Civil Act or any other statute;
6. A medical corporation that meets the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree for research personnel and facilities, from among medical corporations established pursuant to the Medical Service Act;
6-2. A self-employed creative enterprise defined in Article 2 of the Act on the Fostering of Self-Employed Creative Enterprises, which meets the standards for research personnel and facilities as prescribed by Presidential Decree;
7. A domestic or foreign research institute or organization or a profit-making corporation, which meets the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree for research personnel and facilities.
(2) Expenses incurred in the research under paragraph (1) shall be covered by contributions from the Government or any third party and funds provided by enterprises for research and development.
(3) Details regarding the method for the conclusion of agreements under paragraph (1) and the grant, use, and management of contributions under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 14-2 (Recognition of Business-Affiliated Research Institutes and Departments Solely Responsible for Research and Development)
(1) To efficiently support and manage research and development activities conducted by enterprises, the Minister of Science and ICT may recognize a research institute affiliated with an enterprise or research and development department in an enterprise, which meets the requirements for research personnel, facilities, etc. prescribed by Presidential Decree, as “business-affiliated research institute” or “department solely responsible for research and development”. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Any enterprise, wishing to be recognized as described in paragraph (1), shall apply to the Minister of Science and ICT, as prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) Where any enterprise having a business-affiliated research institute or department solely responsible for research and development recognized under paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as “business-affiliated research institute, etc.”) wishes to alter any of the matters specified by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT, it shall report such fact to the Minister of Science and ICT. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Except as otherwise expressly provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3), matters necessary for recognizing business-affiliated research institutes, etc. or procedures for reporting alteration, etc. shall be prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Science and ICT. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016]
 Article 14-3 (Cancellation of Recognition as Business-Affiliated Research Institutes)
(1) The Minister of Science and ICT may cancel the recognition as a business-affiliated research institute, etc. where any business-affiliated research institute, etc. or any enterprise having a business-affiliated research institute, etc. falls under any of the following cases: Provided, That the Minister of Science and ICT shall cancel such recognition where it falls under subparagraph 1 or 2: <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Where such recognition was obtained or the alteration was reported, by deceit or other fraudulent means;
2. Where the enterprise having a business-affiliated research institute, etc. requests cancellation of the recognition as a business-affiliated research institute, etc.;
3. Where the enterprise having a business-affiliated research institute, etc. closes its business; or where the Minister of Science and ICT discovers that the business-affiliated research institute, etc. has been shut down;
4. Where, after the Minister of Science and ICT orders to redress any shortcomings to meet the requirements for recognition described in Article 14-2 (1), such shortcomings remain unredressed until one month after the date such order was issued;
5. Where an alteration is not reported pursuant to Article 14-2 (3) within one year from such alteration;
6. Where the Minister of Science and ICT deems that the business-affiliated research institute, etc. does not conduct any research and development activities;
7. Where the business-affiliated research institute, etc. violates any of the rules specified in Article 14-4;
8. Where the research and development activities of the business-affiliated research institute, etc. are subject to limitations under other statutes, including Article 17 of the Act on the Establishment of Safe Laboratory Environment.
(2) Where intending to cancel the recognition of a business-affiliated research institute, etc., pursuant to paragraph (1), the Minister of Science and ICT shall hold a hearing: Provided, That such hearing may be omitted in cases of subparagraphs 2 or 3 of paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) If recognition of a business-affiliated research institute, etc. is cancelled, the enterprise, to which such business-affiliated research institute, etc. belongs, is prohibited from applying for recognition under Article 14-2 (2), until one year from such cancellation.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016]
 Article 14-4 (Matters to Be Observed by Business-Affiliated Research Institutes)
Any business-affiliated research institute, etc. shall observe the following rules:
1. No person working in any business-affiliated research institute, etc. shall assume any duties other than research and development activities, including any business activities relating to production, selling, and sales (this, however, excludes cases where any person working in a business-affiliated research institute, etc. of a small enterprise defined in Article 2 (2) of the Framework Act on Small and Medium Enterprises, for which three years have not passed since the date of its establishment, concurrently serves as a chief executive officer of the small enterprise);
2. No business-affiliated research institute, etc. shall be located in any building not permitted under the Building Act, any makeshift building, nor any residential property;
3. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, to ensure sound management of business-affiliated research institutes, etc.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016]
 Article 15 (Contributions to Institutes Performing Research Projects)
(1) The Minister of Science and ICT may contribute funds to an institution or organization referred to in Article 14 (1) to cover expenses incurred in its research and operation. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Matters necessary for the conclusion of agreements on research and operation under paragraph (1) and the grant, use, and management of contributions shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 16 (Support for Development of Technologies)
(1) In order to provide support to the institutions or organizations referred to in Article 14 (1), the Minister of Science and ICT may implement the following projects and programs, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
1. A project to establish and operate joint-use research facilities and a program to arrange for the use of such facilities;
2. A program to educate and train professionals for the development of technologies;
3. A program to collect, analyze and disseminate information about the development of technologies at home and abroad;
4. A program to survey, research, and publicize the development or introduction of technologies or the improvement of introduced technologies;
5. A program to assist the establishment of business-affiliated research institutes recognized under Article 14-2 (1) and to provide guidance for the management of such research institutes;
6. A program to disseminate, and promote commercialization of, the outcomes of technological development and to arrange joint research thereon;
7. Other projects and programs necessary for supporting the development of technologies.
(2) The Minister of Science and ICT may delegate or entrust a project or program under paragraph (1) to the head of an institution or organization specified by Presidential Decree. In such cases, a financial support may be provided to such institution or organization. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) When an institution or organization referred to in Article 14 (1) intends to use goods or equipment, the use, production, sale, or importation of which is prohibited or restricted under the provisions of any other statute, for the purpose of research, it shall apply for permission for the use of such goods or equipment, and the Minister of Science and ICT may request the head of a relevant central administrative agency to grant permission. Notwithstanding the provisions of relevant statutes, the head of the relevant central administrative agency may permit the use of such goods or equipment for a specified purpose. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Matters necessary to apply for the use of goods and equipment for research and applications and to request permission therefor under paragraph (3) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) If a person who has obtained permission under paragraph (3) uses goods or equipment for any purposes other than those originally permitted, the head of the relevant central administrative agency may hold a hearing thereon and revoke such permission.
(6) Except as expressly provided for in paragraphs (2) through (5), matters necessary to implement the projects and programs referred to in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER IV ROYALTIES AND RESTRICTIONS ON PARTICIPATION
 Article 17 (Collection and Use of Royalties)
(1) The head of an institution or organization referred to in Article 14 (1) may collect royalties from a person who uses, transfers, lends, or exports the research and development outcomes from a basic research project, a specific research and development project, or its own research project under Article 15 (1) (hereinafter referred to as “research project”).
(2) When the head of an institution or organization referred to in Article 14 (1) collects royalties under paragraph (1), he/she shall report such fact to the head of a relevant central administrative agency thereon, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The head of an institution or organization that collects royalties under paragraph (1) shall use the royalties for the following purposes: <Amended by Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016>
1. Remuneration for researchers, etc. who participate in a research project;
2. Payment to the head of the relevant central administrative agency;
3. Re-investment in research and development;
4. Other purposes specified by Presidential Decree.
(4) The head of a relevant central administrative agency shall use the royalties received under paragraph (3) 2 for the following purposes prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. Performing research projects and encouraging and facilitating outstanding research and technological development;
2. Promoting the welfare of outstanding scientists and engineers;
3. Contributing to the Promotion Fund.
(5) Matters necessary for the collection of royalties under paragraph (1), the compensation under paragraph (3) 1, and the transfer under paragraph (3) 2 shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 18 (Restrictions on Participation)
Article 11-2 of the Framework Act on Science and Technology shall apply mutatis mutandis to restrictions on participation in basic research projects, etc. and other matters.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 15558, Apr. 17, 2018]
CHAPTER V SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS AND PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 19 (Follow-Up Management)
(1) If necessary to attain the purpose of this Act, the Minister of Science and ICT may require a person to whom support is provided under the provisions of Articles 14 through 16 to report on the progress of relevant business affairs or may instruct subordinate public officials to conduct an inspection or inquire of relevant persons, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A public official who conducts an inspection or inquiry under paragraph (1) shall show an identification indicating his/her authority to interested persons.
(3) When a public official conducts an on-site inspection, he/she shall notify the person subject to the inspection of the inspection plan, including the date and time of the inspection, the reasons for the inspection, and the scope of the inspection, by not later than seven days before such inspection: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where it is deemed impracticable to achieve the objectives of the inspection if prior notice is given, due to the destruction of evidence or other cause.
 Article 20 (Entrustment of Authority)
The head of a related central administrative agency may entrust part of his/her authority under this Act to the head of another related central administrative agency or the head of an institution or organization that conducts business affairs relating to the promotion of basic research and the support for the development of technology, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 20-2 (Supervisory Orders)
The head of a related central administrative agency may issue orders as are deemed necessary for the purposes of supervising the administrative agency, institution, or organization entrusted under Article 20 with respect to the entrusted duties, and may have public officials under his/her jurisdiction examine books, documents, etc.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13007, Jan 20, 2015]
 Article 20-3 (Legal Fiction as Public Officials in Applying Penalties)
Executives and employees of a corporation engaged in duties entrusted by a related central administrative agency pursuant to Article 20 shall be construed as public officials when Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act are applied.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 13007, Jan 20, 2015]
 Article 21 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding one million won: <Amended by Act No. 13007, Jan 20, 2015>
1. A person who violates Article 9 (6);
2. A person who fails to submit a report under Article 17 (2) or makes a misrepresentation in such report;
3. A person who fails to submit a report under Article 19 (1) or makes a misrepresentation in such report;
4. A person who interferes with an inspection or inquiry conducted under Article 19 (1) or fails to respond to such inspection or inquiry;
5. A person who fails to comply with an order under Article 20-2 without any justifiable grounds.
(2) An administrative fine under paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the head of a relevant central administrative agency.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures Following Amendment to Other Statutes)
(1) An institution or organization that performs a research project pursuant to an agreement made with the Minister of Education, Science and Technology under Article 7 of the previous Technology Development Promotion Act as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed to perform the research project pursuant to an agreement made with the Minister of Education, Science and Technology under this Act.
(2) An institution or organization to whom the Minister of Education, Science and Technology granted contributions under Article 8 of the previous Technology Development Promotion Act before this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have received such contributions under this Act.
(3) A project, financial support, or disposition done or made by the Minister of Education, Science and Technology under Article 9 of the previous Technology Development Promotion Act in relation to support for the development of technologies before this Act enters into force shall be deemed done or made under the relevant provisions of this Act.
(4) Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 18, the persons whose participation in a specific research and development project was restricted or shall be restricted under Article 14-2 of the previous Technology Development Promotion Act before or as at the time this Act enters into force shall be governed by the previous provisions.
(5) The previous penalty provisions shall apply to the violations of the previous Technology Development Promotion Act, committed before this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Relationship with Other Statutes or Regulations)
A citation of the previous Basic Science Research Promotion Act, the previous Technology Development Promotion Act, or any provision thereof by any other statute or regulation in force as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed a citation of this Act or the relevant provision of this Act in lieu of the previous provision, if such relevant provision exists in this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11713, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13007, Jan. 20, 2015>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13211, Mar. 11, 2015>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Recognition of Business-Affiliated Research Institutes)
Business-affiliated research institutes and departments solely responsible for research and development that were recognized under the previous Article 14 (1) 2 before the enforcement of this Act and for which such recognition remains effective as at the time the Act enters into force, shall be construed as recognized under the amended provisions of Article 14-2.
Article 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14573, Mar. 14, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Restrictions on Participation)
The amended provisions of Article 18 (1) shall apply beginning with the first research and development project for which the contract is signed after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amendments to statutes to be amended pursuant to Article 5 of the Addenda, which were promulgated before this Act enters into force but the enforcement dates of which have yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the enforcement date of the relevant statute.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15344, Jan. 16, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 15558, Apr. 17, 2018>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.