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WEATHER INDUSTRY PROMOTION ACT

Act No. 9771, jun. 9, 2009

Amended by Act No. 10445, Mar. 9, 2011

Act No. 11906, Jul. 16, 2013

Act No. 12456, Mar. 18, 2014

Act No. 13163, Feb. 3, 2015

Act No. 13162, Feb. 3, 2015

Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016

Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016

Act No. 14787, Apr. 18, 2017

Act No. 15586, Apr. 17, 2018

Act No. 16101, Dec. 31, 2018

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to prescribe matters concerning the support and fostering of the weather industry for the purposes of laying the foundation for the development of the weather industry and strengthening its competitiveness, thereby contributing to the development of the national economy.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The definitions of terms used in this Act shall be as follows:
1. The term "weather industry" means any industry that manufactures or provides weather-related goods or services;
2. The term "weather prediction" means providing a forecast of future weather conditions based on the results of observations of meteorological phenomena;
3. The term "weather appraisal" means estimating meteorological phenomena at a specified point in time based on the results of observation of meteorological phenomena or judging the degree of influence on a certain accident, etc. by such meteorological phenomena;
4. The term "weather prediction business" means the business of providing weather forecasts for general or specific requesters;
5. The term "weather appraisal business" means the business of providing weather appraisal services for specific requesters;
6. The term "weather consulting business" means the business of providing advice concerning business activities by analyzing and assessing weather information;
7. The term "weather equipment business" means the business of producing, importing, installing, or repairing weather measuring instruments;
8. The term "weather predictor" means any person who is in charge of dealing with weather prediction services and who obtains a license from the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration under Article 18;
9. The term "weather appraiser" means any person who is in charge of dealing with weather appraisal services and who obtains a license from the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration under Article 18;
10. The term "weather business operator" means any person who files for business registration for weather prediction, weather appraisal, weather consulting or weather equipment under Article 6.
 Article 3 (Endeavor, etc. for Advancement and Development of Weather Industry)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall endeavor to facilitate the advancement and development of the weather industry.
(2) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall facilitate the private use of meteorological information to ensure that meteorological information in his/her possession may be put to practical use for various types of industries, etc.
(3) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall endeavor to deliver accurate meteorological information to requesters.
CHAPTER II FORMULATION OF PLANS FOR ADVANCEMENT OF WEATHER INDUSTRY
 Article 4 (Formulation of Master Plans for Advancement of Weather Industry)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall formulate and implement a master plan for the advancement of the weather industry (hereinafter referred to as "master plan") every five years, in consultation with the heads of the relevant central administrative agencies, to achieve the purposes of this Act in a systematic and efficient manner.
(2) The master plan shall include the following matters:
1. Domestic and foreign trends of the weather industry and development prospects therefor;
2. Objectives and basic direction of policies for the advancement of the weather industry;
3. Matters concerning the implementation of research and development and dissemination of the results thereof for the development of the weather industry;
4. Matters concerning the expansion of assistance and investment for the development of the weather industry;
5. Matters concerning the nurturing of specialists necessary for the weather industry;
6. Matters concerning facilitation for the enhancement and globalization of the weather industry;
7. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree to strengthen the competitiveness of the weather industry and expand the base necessary therefor.
(3) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall, when intending to make any amendment to a master plan, consult with the heads of the relevant central administrative agencies: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to any proposed amendment to minor matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Matters necessary for the procedures, etc. for the formulation of the master plans shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 5 (Formulation of Implementation Plans)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall formulate and implement annual implementation plans for the advancement of the weather industry (hereinafter referred to as "implementation plans") on a sectoral basis pursuant to the master plans, in consultation with the heads of the relevant central administrative agencies.
(2) The heads of relevant central administrative agencies shall submit the results of implementing the implementation plan for the preceding year to the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration every year.
(3) Matters necessary for the formulation of implementation plans, procedures for the submission of the implementation results, etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER III REGISTRATION, ETC. OF WEATHER PREDICTION BUSINESS
 Article 6 (Registration of Weather Prediction Business, etc.)
(1) Any person who intends to engage in weather prediction business, weather appraisal business, weather consulting business, or weather equipment business (hereinafter referred to as "weather business") shall equip himself/herself with human resources and facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree and file a registration statement with the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration.
(2) Any weather business operator shall, where he/she intends to make any amendments to registered matters, file an amended registration statement with the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration: Provided, That he/she shall, where he/she intends to make any amendment to any minor matter prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment, file a report with the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration.
(3) The scope of business concerning weather prediction business, etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Matters necessary for registration or amended registration under paragraphs (1) and (2), procedures of amended reporting, etc. shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
 Article 6-2 (Report of Suspension, Closure and Reopening of Business)
Where a weather business operator intends to suspend or close business or to reopen business after business suspension, he/she shall report such to the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14522, Dec. 7, 2016]
 Article 7 (Grounds for Disqualification)
No person falling under any of the following subparagraphs shall file for registration for the weather business: <Amended by Act No. 13163, Feb. 3, 2015; Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
1. A person under adult guardianship or person under limited guardianship;
2. A person who is not yet reinstated after having been declared bankrupt;
3. A person who was sentenced to imprisonment without labor or greater punishment for violating this Act and for whom one year has not passed since the execution of the sentence was terminated or the exemption from the sentence was made definite;
4. A person who is under suspension of the execution of his/her imprisonment without labor or greater punishment declared by a court for violating this Act;
5. A person for whom one year has not passed since registration was revoked pursuant to Article 8 (1) (excluding the cancellation of registration under subparagraph 6 of the same paragraph);
6. A juristic person who has an executive officer falling under any of subparagraphs 1 through 5.
 Article 8 (Cancellation, etc. of Registration)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may, where any weather business operator falls under any of the following subparagraphs, cancel registration or order the suspension of business for a fixed period not exceeding three months: Provided, That where the weather business operator falls under subparagraphs 1 through 3 or 6, he/she shall cancel such registration: <Amended by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
1. Where a weather business operator files registration by fraud or other improper means;
2. Where a weather business operator engages in business activities during the period of a disposition imposed to suspend the business;
3. Where a weather business operator is issued a disposition imposed to suspend the business on at least three occasions a year;
4. Where a weather business operator fails to satisfy the requirements for registration prescribed in Article 6 (1);
5. Where a weather business operator fails to file a registration for amendments or report thereon prescribed in Article 6 (2);
5-2. Where a weather business operator fails to report the suspension, closure or reopening of business prescribed in Article 6-2;
6. Where a weather business operator falls under any of the subparagraphs of Article 7: Provided, That where any executive officer falls under the provisions of subparagraphs 1 through 5 of Article 7 from among the executive officers of a juristic person, the foregoing shall not apply to cases where such executive officer is replaced within two months;
7. Where a weather business operator fails to comply with a request for correction prescribed in Article 14 (2).
(2) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may cancel registration where a weather business operator closes his/her business practically and reports the closure of business to the head of the competent tax office prescribed in Article 8 (7) or (8) of the Value-Added Tax Act, or the head of the competent tax office revokes the business registration. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016; Act No. 16101, Dec. 31, 2018>
(3) Where necessary for cancelling the registration due to the grounds prescribed in paragraph (2), the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may request the head of the competent tax office to provide information to ascertain whether the business of a weather business operator is closed. In such cases, the head of the competent tax office, in receipt of such request, shall provide information about whether the weather business operator closes his/her business as prescribed in Article 39 of the Electronic Government Act, in the absence of good cause to the contrary. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
(4) Matters necessary for the criteria and procedures, etc. for a disposition prescribed in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment. <Amended by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
CHAPTER IV ASSISTANCE TO WEATHER INDUSTRY
 Article 9 (Assistance, etc. to Research and Development Projects)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may select tasks that he/she deems necessary for the advancement of the weather industry from among the research and development tasks that any weather business operator applies for every year, for the purpose of assisting technology research and development necessary for the execution of weather business, and have the following institutions or organizations (hereinafter referred to as "research institutions in charge") engage in research after concluding a convention therewith. In such cases, with regard to any institution with no representative authority among the institutions under subparagraph 4, the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may conclude an agreement with the representative of the juristic person to which such institution belongs: <Amended by Act No. 10445, Mar. 9, 2011; Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016>
1. National and public research institutions;
2. Government-funded research institutions under the Act on the Establishment, Operation and Fostering of Government-Funded Research Institutes or the Act on the Establishment, Operation and Fostering of Government-Funded Science and Technology Research Institutes, Etc.;
3. Research institutions governed by the Specific Research Institutes Support Act;
4. Corporate-affiliated research institutions that are always equipped with personnel engaged in research involving weather-related duties and corporate departments in charge of research and development, among Corporate-affiliated research institutions and corporate departments in charge of research and development under Article 14-2 (1) of the Basic Research Promotion and Technology Development Support Act;
5. Universities, universities of technology, colleges, and colleges of technology under the Higher Education Act;
6. Non-profit juristic persons in any weather-related field, which are established under the Civil Act or other Acts.
(2) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may, in cases where the agreement under paragraph (1) is concluded, pay expenses incurred in research by using donations.
(3) Methods for the conclusion of the agreement under paragraph (1), the payment, use, management, etc. of the donation under paragraph (2), and other matters necessary for boosting research development projects shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 10 (Commercialization of Research Development Results)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may provide the following assistance to weather business operators, etc. who engage in commercialization of research and development results under Article 9 (referring to the development, production, and sale of goods by using developed technologies or the advancement of related technologies in the process thereof; hereinafter the same shall apply):
1. Subsidization of costs necessary for the development and production of a prototype, and equipment investment;
2. Creation of and permission to exclusive licenses or non-exclusive licenses of intellectual property rights, such as patent rights granted as a result of research and development under Article 9 or mediation thereof;
3. Preferential purchase of weather equipment, etc. produced by commercialization;
4. Grant of the right to use research equipment, equipment, and prototypes used or produced for research and development or mediation thereof;
5. Other matters necessary for commercialization, which are prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Environment.
(2) Matters necessary for the method of and procedures for assistance, etc. under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 11 (Assistance for Securing International Trustworthiness of Weather Equipment)
The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may implement the following projects to provide assistance for securing the international trustworthiness of weather equipment, etc. developed domestically:
1. Counseling necessary for securing international trustworthiness and the provision of information;
2. Assistance projects necessary for assistance for the evaluation of international trustworthiness and analysis of evaluation results thereof.
 Article 11-2 (Support, etc. for Overseas Expansion)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may promote the following projects in order to support international cooperation and overseas expansion of the weather industry:
1. Investigations and research for international cooperation and overseas expansion of the weather industry;
2. International exchanges on technology, human resources and information related to the weather industry;
3. Holding exhibitions and conferences on the weather industry;
4. Overseas marketing and publicity activities related to the weather industry and weather technology;
5. Providing support concerning overseas expansion of weather industrial bodies (referring to business entities running the weather industry; hereinafter the same shall apply), such as information, counselling, consultation and education.
(2) Where a weather industrial body promotes any of the following projects, the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may subsidize or lend some of necessary expenses in order to enhance international competitiveness of the weather industry:
1. Development, design and construction of weather technology and equipment;
2. Expansion into overseas markets related to the weather industry;
3. International exchanges of technology, human resources and information concerning the weather industry;
4. Other projects prescribed by Presidential Decree to strengthen international competitiveness of the weather industry.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 11906, Jul. 16, 2013]
CHAPTER V DISSEMINATION AND FACILITATION OF USE OF WEATHER INFORMATION
 Article 12 (Survey on Actual State of Weather Industry, etc.)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may carry out the survey on the actual state of the weather industry and collect data therefor, in order to facilitate the advancement of the weather industry in a systematic manner and efficiently formulate and implement master plans, implementation plans, etc.
(2) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may, in cases where deemed necessary for the survey on the actual state and collection of data therefor under paragraph (1), request the relevant administrative agencies, research institutions, educational institutions, or weather business operators to submit necessary data or opinions.
 Article 13 (Facilitation of Use of Weather Information, etc.)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may request any institution falling under any subparagraph of Article 3 (1) of the Weather Observation Standardization Act for cooperation to facilitate the private use of weather information.
(2) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall recommend persons who satisfy the requirements for qualification prescribed by Ordinance of Ministry of Environment to provide weather information to the persons who provide weather information by using any of the following means, and establish policy measures necessary therefor:
1. Broadcasting under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Broadcasting Act;
2. Telecommunications under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Framework Act on Telecommunications.
 Article 14 (Indication, etc. of Sources of Weather Information)
(1) Each weather business operator shall, in cases where he/she provides a third party with weather information, indicate the sources thereof. <Amended by Act No. 13162, Feb. 3, 2015>
(2) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may, in cases where a weather business operator fails to indicate a source thereof under paragraph (1), request him/her to take corrective measures. <Amended by Act No. 13162, Feb. 3, 2015>
 Article 15 (Provision of Weather Information)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall, in cases where any weather business operator files an application for the provision of weather information, provide such information in the absence of good cause to the contrary.
(2) In cases where the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration provides weather information pursuant to paragraph (1), a fee may be collected to cover expenses incurred in the provision of such weather information.
(3) Matters necessary for the method for the provision of weather information under paragraph (1), fees under paragraph (2), etc. shall be prescribed by Ordinance of Ministry of Environment.
 Article 16 (Designation, etc. of Supporting Institution of Weather Information)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may, in order to efficiently provide weather information under Article 15 (1) and under Article 36-2 (1) of the weather Act, designate a non-profit juristic person equipped with human resources and facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree to carry out such duties by proxy. <Amended by Act No. 13162, Feb. 3, 2015>
(2) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may, in cases where the institution designated under paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as "supporting institution of weather information") fails to satisfy the requirements for such designation, impose an order to make any correction thereof for a fixed period not exceeding two months, and in cases where the supporting institution of weather information has been imposed a corrective order for at least three occasions a year but fails to comply therewith, such designation may be cancelled.
(3) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may provide subsidy to cover expenses necessary for the provision of weather information by the supporting institution of weather information within budgetary limits.
(4) Matters necessary for the designation of the supporting institution of weather information shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 17 (Establishment of Korea Meteorological Institute)
(1) The Korea Meteorological Institute (hereinafter referred to as the "Institute") shall be established to provide efficient assistance for the advancement and development of the weather industry. <Amended by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
(2) The Institute shall be a body corporate. <Amended by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
(3) The Institute shall be established by filing for registration of incorporation at the site of location of its principal office. <Amended by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
(4) The Institute shall employ its executive officers and necessary employees, as prescribed by the articles of incorporation. <Amended by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
(5) The Institute shall perform the following projects: <Amended by Act No. 11906, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
1. Market surveys and analysis of the weather industry and use of information collected therefor;
2. Planning, evaluation, management and use of research and development projects related to the weather industry prescribed in Article 9, meteorological service prescribed in Article 32 of the Weather Act, and earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic eruptions, etc. prescribed in Article 21 of the Act on the Observation and Warning of Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and Volcanic Eruptions;
3. Foundation of the weather business, assistance to the business management thereof, and collection and management of information thereon;
4. Testing and approval of meteorological instruments which are outsourced under Article 14 of the Weather Observation Standardization Act;
5. Deleted; <by Act No. 15586, Apr. 17, 2018>
6. Projects entrusted by the State, local governments or other persons or prescribed as the affairs of the Institute pursuant to other statutes;
7. Other projects prescribed by Presidential Decree to achieve the establishment purposes of the Institute.
(6) The Government may contribute or subsidize expenses incurred in the operation of the Institute and the execution of projects referred to in the subparagraphs of paragraph (5). <Amended by Act No. 11906, Jul. 16, 2013; Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
(7) The Government may, where necessary for the establishment and operation of the Institute, lease State property free of charge notwithstanding the provisions of the State Property Act. <Amended by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
(8) The provisions concerning incorporated foundations in the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Institute, except as otherwise provided for in this Act and the Act on the Management of Public Institution. <Amended by Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
CHAPTER VI LICENSE, ETC. OF WEATHER PREDICTOR
 Article 18 (License of Weather Predictor, etc.)
(1) Persons falling under any of the following subparagraphs may become weather predictors or weather appraisers after obtaining a license from the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration:
1. Any person who has obtained a technician's license in the field of meteorology under the National Technical Qualifications Act;
2. Any person who has more than two years' experience in weather-related fields prescribed by Presidential Decree, after obtaining an engineer's license in the field of meteorology under the National Technical Qualifications Act;
3. Any person who has completed an educational course prescribed by Presidential Decree, after obtaining an engineer's license in the meteorological field under the National Technical Qualifications Act.
(2) Matters necessary for the procedure for obtaining a license of weather predictor or weather appraiser, fees and certificates thereof, etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Any person who has obtained a license for weather predictor or weather appraiser shall take a supplementary education course within one year from the date on which every five years pass since such license is obtained as prescribed by Ordinance of Ministry of Environment.
(4) No weather predictor or weather appraiser shall lend his/her license to any third party.
(5) No person, other than weather predictor or weather appraiser shall use the name "weather predictor" or "weather appraiser".
 Article 19 (Grounds for Disqualification of Weather Predictor, etc.)
No person falling under any of the following subparagraphs may become a weather predictor or weather appraiser: <Amended by Act No. 13163, Feb. 3, 2015; Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
1. A person under adult guardianship or person under limited guardianship;
2. Deleted; <by Act No. 14787, Apr. 18, 2017>
3. A person for whom three years have not elapsed since his/her imprisonment without labor or greater punishment declared by a court for violation of this Act was completely executed or exempted;
4. A person for whom one year has not elapsed since his/her licence was canceled pursuant to Article 20 (1) (excluding cancellation of license under subparagraph 8 of the same paragraph).
 Article 20 (Cancellation, Suspension, etc. of Licenses)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may, where any weather predictor or weather appraiser falls under any of the following subparagraphs, cancel his/her license or suspend the validity of such license for up to one year: Provided, That where he/she falls under subparagraphs 1, 2, and 8, such license shall be cancelled:
1. Where he/she obtains a license by fraud or other improper means;
2. Where any weather predictor or weather appraiser continues to engage in his/her business by continuing to use their names, despite a disposition of license suspension having been imposed on him/her;
3. Where any weather appraiser makes a fraudulent appraisal;
4. Where any weather appraiser delays a weather appraisal without justifiable grounds or makes a weather appraisal without obtaining enough survey results;
5. Where any weather predictor or weather appraiser discloses the personal information of clients, which is acquired in the course of performing his/her duties;
6. Where any weather predictor or weather appraiser fails to take a supplementary educational course under Article 18 (3);
7. Where any weather predictor or weather appraiser lends his/her license to any third party in violation of Article 18 (4);
8. Where any weather predictor or weather appraiser falls under any of the subparagraphs of Article 19.
(2) Matters necessary for the criteria, procedures, etc. for the disposition under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of Ministry of Environment.
 Article 21 (Expansion of Employment for Holders of Weather-related Licenses and Qualification Certificates)
The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall make a recommendation to ensure that the employment of weather predictors, weather appraisers, or persons who have obtained technical qualifications in the meteorological field under the National Technical Qualifications Act will be expanded, and shall formulate and implement policies necessary therefor.
CHAPTER VII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 22 (Submission of Data, Inspection, etc.)
(1) The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration may, in cases where deemed necessary, request any weather business operator or supporting institution of weather information to submit necessary data as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and the Administrator may, in cases where deemed necessary in relation to the execution, etc. of illegal or unlawful performance of duties, have public officials under his/her control enter the office, inspect account books, documents, or other goods, or ask questions to interested parties.
(2) Any public official who enters an office and conducting inspections under paragraph (1) shall carry a certificate showing his/her authority and produce it to interested parties.
 Article 23 (Hearings)
The Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration shall, where he/she intends to impose a disposition falling under any of the following subparagraphs, hold a hearing:
1. Cancellation of registration of weather business under Article 8;
2. Cancellation of designation of the supporting institution of weather information under Article 16 (2);
3. Cancellation of license of weather predictor or weather appraiser under Article 20 (1).
 Article 24 (Delegation of Authority)
Part of the authority of the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration under this Act may be delegated to the head of an institution under his/her control as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 25 (Legal Fiction of Public Official in Application of Penalty Provisions)
Any executive officer or employee who engages in the provision of weather information at a supporting institution of weather information shall be deemed public officials, when applying the provisions of Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act.
CHAPTER VIII PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 26 (Penalty Provisions)
(1) Where any weather predictor or weather appraiser gives and receives, requests for or promises money, other articles or profits after receiving any unlawful request in carrying out his/her duties, he/she shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding 30 million won. <Amended by Act No. 12456, Mar. 18, 2014>
(2) Any person falling under any of the following subparagraphs shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding 20 million won: <Amended by Act No. 12456, Mar. 18, 2014>
1. Any person who engages in weather business without filing for registration or amended registration under Article 6 (1) or (2);
2. Any person who files registration or amended registration under Article 6 (1) or (2) by fraud or other improper means;
3. Any person who lends a license of weather predictor or weather appraiser to any third party in violation of Article 18 (4);
4. Any person who uses the name of weather predictor or weather appraiser in violation of Article 18 (5);
5. Any person who continues to use the name "weather predictor" or "weather appraiser" and engaged in his/her business despite a disposition of license suspension having been imposed on him/her under Article 20 (1).
(3) Any weather appraiser who makes a fraudulent appraisal shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than one year or by a fine not exceeding ten million won. <Amended by Act No. 12456, Mar. 18, 2014>
 Article 27 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
If the representative of a corporation or an agent or employee of, or other persons employed by, a corporation or an individual commits any violations described in Article 26 in connection with the business affairs of the corporation or individual, not only shall such violator be punished accordingly, but also the corporation or individual shall be punished by a fine prescribed in the relevant Article: Provided, That this shall not apply to cases where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant business affairs to prevent such violation.
 Article 28 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any person who fails to submit data under Article 22 without any justifiable reason or submits false data, refuses or impedes the inspection by the relevant public officials, refuses to answer questions or hampers questioning by them shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding two million won.
(2) Administrative fines under paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measure concerning Weather Business Operator)
(1) Any person who files for the registration of weather business under Article 26 of the former Weather Act at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have filed for the registration of weather prediction business and weather consulting business under Article 6 (1) of this Act: Provided, That he/she shall satisfy the requirements for registration under Article 6 (1) of this Act within six months after this Act enters into force.
(2) Any person for whom any ground for disqualification under Article 27 of the former Weather Act exists at the time this Act enters into force shall be governed by Article 27 (2) of the former Weather Act, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 7 of this Act.
Article 3 (Transitional Measure concerning Supporting Institution of Weather Information)
The supporting institution of weather information designated under Article 31 of the former Weather Act as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed the supporting institution of weather information designated under Article 16 (1) of this Act.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency)
(1) The incorporated foundation Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency established under Article 32 of the Civil Act and the Act on the Establishment and Operation of Public Interest Corporations as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed the Agency established under Article 17 of this Act.
(2) The incorporated foundation Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency established under Article 32 of the Civil Act and the Act on the Establishment and Operation of Public Interest Corporations as at the time this Act enters into force shall prepare the Articles of Incorporation of the Agency under this Act within two months after this Act enters into force and obtain permission of the Administrator of the Korea Meteorological Administration.
(3) The incorporated foundation Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency established under Article 32 of the Civil Act and the Act on the Establishment and Operation of Public Interest Corporations as at the time this Act enters into force shall, in cases where permission under paragraph (2) is obtained, immediately file for registration of the incorporation of the Agency under this Act.
(4) The incorporated foundation Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency established under Article 32 of the Civil Act and the Act on the Establishment and Operation of Public Interest Corporations as at the time this Act enters into force shall, in cases where registration of incorporation under paragraph (3) is complete, be deemed to be dissolved notwithstanding the provisions of the dissolution and liquidation of a juristic person in the Civil Act.
(5) The Agency under this Act shall succeed to all property, rights, and duties of the incorporated foundation Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency on the date for registration of incorporation, which is established under Article 32 of the Civil Act and the Act on the Establishment and Operation of Public Interest Corporations as at the time this Act enters into force.
(6) The executive officers and employees of the incorporated foundation Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed executive officers and employees of the Agency under this Act, and the tenure of such executive officers shall be counted from the former date of appointment.
Article 5 (Transitional Measure concerning Administrative Disposition, etc.)
Any disposition and reporting under the former Weather Act falling under the provisions of this Act at the time this Act enters into force, or any other act in relation to the administrative agency shall be deemed disposition and reporting under this Act or any other act in relation to the administrative agency.
Article 6 (Transitional Measure concerning Penalty Provisions)
The former Weather Act shall apply to the application of penalty provisions to acts performed before this Act enters into force notwithstanding the provisions of Article 7 of the Addenda.
Article 7 Omitted.
Article 8 (Relationship with other Acts)
A citation of the former Weather Act or any provision thereof by any other Act or subordinate statute in force at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed a citation of this Act or the corresponding provision hereof in lieu of the former provision, if such corresponding provision exists in this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10445, Mar. 9, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11906, Jul. 16, 2013>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12456, Mar. 18, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13162, Feb. 3, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13163, Feb. 3, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Incompetent Persons, etc.)
A person under adult guardianship and person under limited guardianship referred to in the amended provisions of subparagraph 1 of Article 7 and subparagraph 1 of Article 19 shall be deemed to include a person for whom the declaration of incompetence or quasi-incompetence remains effective pursuant to Article 2 of the Addenda to the Civil Act (Act No. 10429).
ADDENDA <Act No. 14079, Mar. 22, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14522, Dec. 27, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency)
The Korea Meteorological Industry Promotion Agency prescribed in the previous provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed the Korea Meteorological Institute prescribed in this Act.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 14787, Apr. 18, 2017>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 15586, Apr. 17, 2018>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 16101, Dec. 31, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2019. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 11 Omitted.