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FAIR AGENCY TRANSACTIONS ACT

Act No. 13614, Dec. 22, 2015

Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

Act No. 15013, Oct. 31, 2017

Act No. 15361, Jan. 16, 2018

Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the sound growth of the national economy by establishing a fair trading order for agency transactions and by ensuring the mutually complementary and balanced growth of suppliers and agencies on equal grounds.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows:
1. The term "agency transactions" means transactions conducted between a supplier and an agency for the resale or consignment sale of goods or services which are provided repeatedly by entering into a contract with a fixed period;
2. The term "supplier" means a business entity that supplies produced or purchased goods or services to agencies;
3. The term "agency" means a business entity that is supplied with goods or services by a supplier and resells or sells them on consignment to many and unspecified retailers or consumers;
4. The term "return" means all acts by which an agency returns goods supplied by a supplier to the supplier, practically exchanges such goods with other goods of the supplier, etc. irrespective of formalities;
5. The term "sales incentive" means an economic benefit a supplier provides to an agency to promote sale of goods irrespective of the name.
 Article 3 (Exemption)
(1) This Act shall not apply in any of the following cases:
1. Where a supplier falls under a small and medium entrepreneur (referring to a person falling under Article 2 (1) or (3) of the Framework Act on Small and Medium Enterprises, and including small and medium enterprise cooperatives under Article 3 (1) of the Small and Medium Enterprise Cooperatives Act; hereinafter the same shall apply);
2. Where an agency is not a small and medium entrepreneur;
3. Where a supplier is not acknowledged as holding a superior position to an agency. In such cases, whether a supplier holds a superior position to an agency in transactions shall be determined after the following matters are taken into a comprehensive consideration:
(a) Structures of the commodity market and distribution market;
(b) Business capability gap between the suppler and the agency;
(c) Dependence of the agency on trade with the supplier;
(d) Characteristics of goods or services to be traded.
(2) This Act shall not apply to any of the following transactions:
1. Transactions that fall under any franchise business defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Fair Transactions in Franchise Business Act;
2. Transactions that fall under any financial investment business defined in Article 6 (1) of the Financial Investment Services and Capital Markets Act;
3. Transactions between a large franchise and retail business operator and a supplier defined in Article 2 of the Act on Fair Transactions in Large Franchise and Retail Business;
4. Other transactions prescribed by Presidential Decree as requiring to be excluded from agency transactions, taking into consideration their nature, need for the protection of agency, etc.
 Article 4 (Relationship with Other Acts)
With respect to agency transactions conducted between a supplier and an agency, this Act shall apply in preference to Article 23 (1) 4 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act.
CHAPTER II FAIR AGENCY TRANSACTIONS
 Article 5 (Duty to Prepare Agency Transaction Contract)
(1) Immediately after concluding a contract with an agency, the supplier shall provide the agency with a written contract (including an electronic document defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Framework Act on Electronic Documents and Transactions; hereinafter the same shall apply) in which the following matters are specified (hereinafter referred to as "agency transaction contract"):
1. The forms, items, and period of transactions;
2. The methods, places, and dates and time of delivery;
3. The means and timing to pay price of goods;
4. The conditions for return of goods;
5. The transfer of business;
6. The grounds and procedures for termination of the contract;
7. The payment of sales incentives;
8. Other matters regarding the rights and obligations of the parties to the agency transaction contract, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) A supplier and an agent shall respectively put their signatures (including certified electronic signatures defined in subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Digital Signature Act; hereafter the same shall apply) or names and seals on an agency transaction contract.
(3) A supplier shall retain the agency transaction contract for three years from the date the agency transactions conducted with the agency terminate.
(4) The Fair Trade Commission may recommend a supplier subject to the application of this Act or a trade association consisting of suppliers to prepare and use a standard transaction contract.
 Article 6 (Prohibition on Compelled Purchases)
(1) No supplier shall compel an agency to purchase any goods or services that the agency has no intention to purchase by unduly taking advantage of his/her position in a transaction, or cause his/her affiliated company or any other business entity to engage in such conduct.
(2) The types of and criteria for such conduct referred to in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 7 (Prohibition on Compelled Provision of Economic Benefits)
(1) No supplier shall compel an agency to provide money, goods, services, or other economic benefits for him/her by unduly taking advantage of his/her position in a transaction, or cause his/her affiliated company or any other business entity to engage in such conduct.
(2) The types of and criteria for such conduct referred to in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 8 (Prohibition on Compulsion of Meeting Sales Targets)
(1) No supplier shall compel an agency to achieve a trade target of the goods or services supplied by him/her after proposing it to the agency by unduly taking advantage of his/her position in a transaction, or cause his/her affiliated company or any other business entity to engage in such conduct.
(2) The types of and criteria for such conduct referred to in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 9 (Prohibition on Imposing Disadvantages)
(1) No supplier shall establish or alter any terms and conditions of transactions to give any disadvantage to an agency or impose any disadvantage on the agency in the course of implementing the transactions in any way other than the conduct falling under Articles 6 through 8 by unduly taking advantage of his/her position in a transaction, or cause his/her affiliated company or any other business entity to engage in such conduct.
(2) The types of and criteria for such conduct referred to in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 10 (Prohibition on Interference with Management Activities)
(1) No supplier shall interfere in the management activities of an agency by unduly taking advantage of his/her position in a transaction, or cause his/her affiliated company or any other business entity to engage in such conduct.
(2) The types of and criteria for such conduct referred to in paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 11 (Prohibition on Refusal or Evasion of Requests for Confirmation of Details of Orders Placed)
No supplier shall refuse or evade a reasonable request of an agency to verify details of an order, such as product and quantity that the agency has offered or expressed his/her intention to purchase by unduly taking advantage of his/her position in a transaction, or cause his/her affiliated company or any other business entity to engage in such conduct.
 Article 12 (Prohibition on Retaliation)
No supplier shall suspend any transaction, reduce any quantity, or give any other disadvantage to an agency which engages in any of the following conduct, for reasons of having conducted such conduct, or cause his/her affiliated company or any other business entity to engage in such conduct: <Amended by Act No. 15361, Jan. 16, 2018>
1. Filing an application for mediation of a dispute under Article 19;
3. Cooperation in investigations by the Fair Trade Commission under Article 50 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act;
4. Cooperation in written fact-finding investigations conducted by the Fair Trade Commission pursuant to Article 27-2 (2).
CHAPTER III MEDIATION OF DISPUTES AND RELEVANT MATTERS
 Article 13 (Establishment of Agency Dispute Mediation Council)
(1) The Agency Dispute Mediation Council (hereinafter referred to as "Council") shall be established in the Korea Fair Trade Mediation Agency (hereinafter referred to as "Mediation Agency") under Article 48-2 (1) of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act with the aim of mediating disputes over agency transactions. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
(2) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, the Mayor of each Metropolitan City, the Mayor of each Special Self-Governing City, the Governor of each Do and the Governor of the Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor") may establish the Council in the Special Metropolitan City, in each Metropolitan City, in each Special Self-Governing City, in each Do and in the Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "City/Do"). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
 Article 14 (Composition of Council)
(1) The Council shall be comprised of nine members, including one Chairperson.
(2) The Council shall be comprised of the same number of seats, each for members representing the public interest, members representing the suppliers' interest, and members representing the agencies' interest.
(3) From among persons recommended by the President of the Mediation Agency or persons falling under any of the following, those appointed or commissioned by the Chairperson of the Fair Trade Commission shall become members of the Council established in the Mediation Agency (hereinafter referred to as "Council of the Mediation Agency"), and from among persons recommended by the President of the Mediation Agency or persons falling under any of the following, those appointed or commissioned by the Mayor/Do Governor shall become members of the Council established in each City/Do (hereinafter referred to as "Council of the City/Do"): <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
1. Any person who majored in law, economics, business administration at a university or college, and holds or has held the position of associate professor or a higher position or an equivalent position at a school provided for in subparagraph 1, 2, or 5 of Article 2 of the Higher Education Act or an authorized research institute;
2. Any person who served or has served as a judge or prosecutor or any person qualified as an attorney-at-law;
3. Any person who has experience in monopoly regulation and fair trade affairs and serves or has served as a public official of at least Grade IV (including a public official in general service belonging to the Senior Civil Service Corps);
4. Other persons with extensive knowledge and experience in agency transactions and mediation of disputes.
(4) The chairperson of the Council of the Mediation Agency shall be appointed or commissioned by the Chairperson of the Fair Trade Commission from among the members representing the public interest, and the chairperson of the Council of the City/Do shall be appointed or commissioned by the Mayor/Do Governor from among the members representing the public interest. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
(5) The term of office of the members of the Council shall be three years, and may be consecutively renewed.
(6) In the event of a vacancy by a member of the Council, a supplementary member shall be appointed or commissioned pursuant to paragraph (3), and the term of office of such supplementary member shall be the remainder of his/her predecessor's term of office.
 Article 15 (Restrictions on Commissioning Members Representing Public Interest)
(1) No member representing the public interest shall be commissioned from among persons who serve as an executive officer or employee of a supplier or agency as of the commissioning date.
(2) The Chairperson of the Fair Trade Commission and the Mayor/Do Governor shall immediately dismiss any person commissioned as a member representing the public interest if the person becomes an executive officer or employee of a supplier or agency. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
 Article 16 (Meetings of Council)
(1) Meetings of the Council shall be classified into a meeting comprised of all members (hereinafter referred to as "plenary meeting") and a meeting comprised of each member from those representing the public interest, those representing the suppliers' interest, and those representing the agencies' interest (hereinafter referred to as "subcommittee meeting").
(2) A subcommittee meeting shall deliberate on and adopt resolutions on matters delegated by a plenary meeting.
(3) A plenary meeting shall be chaired by the chairperson; and a majority of all the incumbent members shall constitute a quorum, and any decision thereof shall require the concurring vote of a majority of those present.
(4) A subcommittee meeting shall be chaired by a member representing the public interest; and the attendance of all the incumbent members shall constitute a quorum, and any decision thereof shall require the concurring vote of all the members present. In such cases, resolutions adopted by a subcommittee meeting shall be deemed resolutions adopted by the Council, and the outcomes thereof shall be reported in a plenary meeting.
(5) When the chairperson is unable to perform his/her duties due to any extenuating circumstances, a member designated by the Chairman of the Fair Trade Commission or the Mayor/Do Governor from among members representing the public interest shall act on behalf of the chairperson. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
(6) Any party to a dispute arising out of agency transactions which is subject to mediation (hereinafter referred to as "disputing party") may appear at a meeting of the Council to state his/her opinion or submit relevant documents.
 Article 17 (Exclusion of, Challenge to, and Voluntary Refrainment by Member)
(1) A member who falls under any of the following cases shall be excluded from mediation on the relevant matters for dispute mediation:
1. Where a member or his/her current or former spouse becomes a disputing party to the case brought for mediation or is related thereto as a joint holder of any right or liability;
2. Where a member is currently or formerly in a blood relationship with a disputing party to the case brought for mediation;
3. Where a member or a corporation to which a member belongs performs any consultative or advisory role relating to the legal matters, business administration, etc. of a disputing party;
4. Where a member or a corporation to which a member belongs is involved or has been involved in the relevant matters brought for mediation as a proxy of a disputing party or has given testimony thereto or conducted appraisal thereof.
(2) If any ground exists for which it would be difficult to expect any member to conduct impartial mediation of the Council, a disputing party may file a request for the challenge to the relevant member with the Council.
(3) Any member of the Council may, if falling under paragraph (1) or (2), voluntarily refrain from mediating the relevant matters brought for mediation.
 Article 18 (Matters Subject to Mediation by Council)
The Council shall mediate disputes related to the provisions of Articles 5 through 12 at the request of the Fair Trade Commission or a disputing party.
 Article 19 (Application for Dispute Mediation)
(1) In connection with the matters subject to mediation under Article 18, any disputing party may file an application for dispute mediation with the Council by submitting a written application stating the matters prescribed by Presidential Decree (hereinafter referred to as "application for dispute mediation"): Provided, That the same shall not apply in cases where investigation is being conducted by the Fair Trade Commission under Article 49 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act before an application for dispute mediation is filed.
(2) The Fair Trade Commission may request the Council to mediate disputes arising from agency transactions.
(3) Where disputing parties file an application for dispute mediation with different Councils or with several Councils in an overlapping manner, the Council selected by an agency from among the following Councils shall be in charge of dispute mediation: <Newly Inserted by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
1. The Council of the Mediation Agency;
2. The Council of the City/Do where the principal place of business of the agency is located;
3. The Council of the City/Do where the principal place of business of the supplier is located.
(4) Upon receipt of an application for dispute mediation under paragraph (1), the Council shall immediately notify the Fair Trade Commission or the disputing parties, of the matters brought for mediation. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
(5) An application for dispute mediation filed under paragraph (1) shall have the effect of interruption of the extinctive prescription: Provided, That the same shall not apply where the application is withdrawn or rejected. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
(6) In cases falling under the proviso to paragraph (5), if any judicial claim, participation in bankruptcy procedures, seizure or provisional seizure, or provisional disposition occurs within six months, the period of prescription shall be deemed interrupted by the initial application for dispute mediation. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
(7) Extinctive prescription interrupted under the main sentence of paragraph (5) shall be run anew in any of the following cases: <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
1. Where the members who have participated in mediation under Article 21 (1) and disputing parties prepare a protocol of mediation placing their names and seals thereon;
2. Where mediation proceedings are terminated, failing to mediate the dispute.
 Article 20 (Mediation)
(1) The Council may recommend disputing parties to mediate the matter in question on their own or prepare and present a proposal of mediation.
(2) Where necessary to confirm the facts related to the relevant matters subject to mediation, the Council may conduct an investigation or request disputing parties to submit related materials or to appear at a meeting.
(3) The Council shall reject an application for mediation in any of the following cases:
1. Where the application for mediation is filed by a person not directly interested in the matters brought for mediation;
2. Where the application for mediation is filed for the matters not subject to the application of this Act or mediation under Article 18;
3. Where the application for mediation is filed despite the case falling under the proviso to Article 19 (1).
(4) The Council may terminate mediation proceedings in any of the following cases:
1. Where either one of the disputing parties refuses mediation while mediation proceedings are in progress;
2. Where a disputing party files a lawsuit with the court before or after filing of an application for mediation, or where a disputing party files an application for dispute mediation under the Arbitration Act after filing an application for mediation;
3. Other cases where any matter prescribed by Presidential Decree as having no practical benefit in advancing mediation occurs.
(5) The Council shall terminate mediation proceedings in any of the following cases:
1. Where the mediation is completed by the acceptance of the recommendation or mediatory suggestion of the Council by disputing parties or by reaching agreement between them on the mediation;
2. Where the mediation is incomplete because either one of the disputing parties does not accept the recommendation or mediatory suggestion of the Council;
3. Where the mediation remains incomplete until after the lapse of 60 days (90 days if both disputing parties agree to extend the period) from the date the application for the mediation has been received under Article 19 (1) or the mediation is requested under paragraph (2) of the same Article.
(6) Where the Council rejects an application for mediation or terminates mediation proceedings pursuant to paragraphs (3) through (5), it shall, without delay, report in writing on the details of mediation, grounds for rejection of the application for mediation or for the termination of mediation proceedings to the Fair Trade Commission and the City/Do along with the related documents, and notify the disputing parties of such fact, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
(7) The Fair Trade Commission shall not issue an order to take corrective measures under Article 23 or make a recommendation for correction under Article 24 (1) to disputing parties with regard to the dispute brought for mediation until mediation proceedings are terminated: Provided, That the same shall not apply in cases being investigated by the Fair Trade Commission pursuant to Article 49 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act before the filing of an application for dispute mediation.
 Article 21 (Preparation of Protocol of Mediation and Its Effect)
(1) Where the mediation of a dispute is completed, the Council shall prepare a protocol of mediation signed or sealed by the members who have participated and the disputing parties. In such cases, the protocol of mediation between disputing parties shall be have the same effect as a court settlement.
(2) Where disputing parties mediate in propria persona matters brought for mediation before the mediation procedure is initiated and request for preparation of a protocol of mediation, the Council shall prepare such protocol of mediation.
(3) Disputing parties shall perform the matters agreed upon during mediation and submit the outcomes of the performance to the Fair Trade Commission.
(4) Where an agreement is reached as provided for in paragraph (1) and it is performed, the Fair Trade Commission shall not issue an order to take corrective measures under Article 23 or make a recommendation for correction under Article 24 (1).
 Article 22 (Provisions Governing Organization, etc. of Council)
Except as prescribed in Articles 13 through 21, matters necessary for the organization, operation, mediation procedures, etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER IV PROCEDURES, ETC. FOR FAIR TRADE COMMISSION TO HANDLE CASES
 Article 23 (Corrective Measures)
In the event of any violation of any of Articles 6 through 12, the Fair Trade Commission may order the relevant business entity to discontinue the relevant violation, to publish the fact that it has received a corrective order, and to take other necessary measures to correct the violation.
 Article 24 (Recommendation for Correction)
(1) In the event of a violation of this Act, the Fair Trade Commission may determine a scheme for correction and recommend the relevant business entity to comply therewith.
(2) A business entity that has received a recommendation under paragraph (1) shall notify the Fair Trade Commission within ten days from the date the relevant recommendation is received, as to whether it accepts the recommendation.
(3) When a business entity that has received a recommendation for correction under paragraph (1) accepts the recommendation, it shall be construed that an order for corrective measures under Article 23 has been received thereby.
 Article 25 (Penalty Surcharges)
(1) In the event of a violation of any of Articles 6 through 12, the Fair Trade Commission may impose a penalty surcharge on the relevant business entity to the extent of not exceeding the amount associated with the violation of the Act prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That where it is impractical to calculate the amount associated with the violation of the Act, etc., the Fair Trade Commission may impose a penalty surcharge to the extent of not exceeding 500 million won.
(2) Articles 55-3 through 55-8 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the imposition and collection of penalty surcharges under paragraph (1).
 Article 26 (Cooperation of Heads of Relevant Administrative Agencies)
If the Fair Trade Commission deems it necessary for enforcing this Act, it may seek opinions from the heads of relevant administrative agencies or request them to conduct necessary investigations or to provide necessary materials.
 Article 26-2 (Payment of Monetary Rewards and Other Relevant Matters)
(1) The Fair Trade Commission may pay a monetary reward, within budgetary limits, to a person who makes a report, or provides information, on any violation under this Act and also presents relevant evidentiary materials.
(2) The scope of persons eligible for a monetary reward under paragraph (1), criteria and procedures for the payment thereof, and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Where a fact falling under any of the following cases becomes known after the payment of a monetary reward pursuant to paragraph (1), the Fair Trade Commission shall notify the person paid the monetary reward of the amount to be returned, and he/she shall return it within 30 days from the receipt of such notification:
1. Where he/she has received the monetary reward by unlawful means, such as evidence collection by illegal or wrongful means, false reporting, false statement, evidence fabrication;
2. Where he/she has received the monetary reward under another statute on the same ground;
3. Where he/she has mistakenly received the monetary reward due to an error, etc.
(4) Where a person who is obliged to return a monetary reward pursuant to (3) fails to do so until the deadline for payment, the Fair Trade Commission may collect it in the same manner as delinquent national taxes are collected.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15361, Jan. 16, 2018]
 Article 27 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act)
(1) Articles 42, 43, 43-2, 44, 45, 46, 52, and 52-2 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to any deliberation and resolution made by the Fair Trade Commission under this Act.
(2) Articles 49, 50 (1) through (4), 50-2, and 50-3 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to any investigation and hearing of opinions conducted by the Fair Trade Commission which are necessary for enforcing this Act.
(3) Articles 53, 53-2, 53-3, 54, 55, and 55-2 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the raising of an objection, suspension of execution of a corrective order, institution of a lawsuit, and exclusive jurisdiction over instituting an appeal against, a disposition issued by the Fair Trade Commission under this Act, or a disposition issued by the Mayor/Do Governor who is delegated with the authority for such dispositions under Article 28. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
(4) Article 62 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to commissioners of the Fair Trade Commission and public officials who perform or have performed their duties under this Act or persons who are or have been in charge of the affairs related to the dispute mediation in the Council.
 Article 27-2 (Written Fact-Finding Investigations)
(1) The Fair Trade Commission shall conduct written fact-finding investigations and publicly announce the findings thereof to establish fair trading practices in transactions between suppliers and agencies, etc.
(2) Where the Fair Trade Commission intends to conduct a fact-finding investigation pursuant to paragraph (1), it shall formulate a plan including the scope of persons to be investigated; period and details of investigation; methods and procedures for investigation; scope of public announcement of investigation results; and other relevant matters, and may request the persons to be investigated to present materials necessary for the fact-finding investigation.
(3) Where requiring submission of materials pursuant to paragraph (2), the Fair Trade Commission shall notify, in writing, the person to be investigated of the scope and details of such materials; ground for such request; deadline for submission; and other relevant matters.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 15361, Jan. 16, 2018]
 Article 28 (Delegation and Entrustment of Authority)
Part of the authority granted to the Fair Trade Commission pursuant to this Act may be delegated to the heads of its affiliate agencies or the Mayor/Do Governor or may be entrusted to the heads of other administrative agencies, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
 Article 29 (Reporting)
The Fair Trade Commission may require a person delegated or entrusted with administrative affairs pursuant to Article 28, to make a necessary report.
CHAPTER V PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 30 (Penalty Provisions)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding 150 million won: <Amended by Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
1. A person who compels purchases, in violation of Article 6;
2. A person who compels provision of economic benefits, in violation of Article 7;
3. A person who compels sales targets, in violation of Article 8;
4. A person who gives any disadvantage, in violation of Article 9;
5. A person who interferes with management activities, in violation of Article 10;
6. A person who refuses or evades requests for verification of details of orders placed, in violation of Article 11;
7. A person who imposes any disadvantage, in violation of Article 12;
8. A person who fails to comply with an order to take corrective measures, in violation of Article 23.
(2) A person who discloses any confidential information or who uses any confidential information for any purpose other than for the enforcement of this Act, in violation of Article 62 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act which applies mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 27 (4), shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding two million won:
(3) The punishments of imprisonment with labor and fines referred to in paragraph (1) may be imposed concurrently.
 Article 31 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
Where the representative of a corporation or an agent or employee of, or other persons employed by, a corporation or individual commits any violation described in Article 30 in conducting the business affairs of the corporation or individual, the corporation or individual shall be fined as prescribed in the relevant Article, in addition to punishing the violator accordingly: Provided, That the same shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not neglected to exercise due care and supervision concerning the relevant duties in order to prevent such violation.
 Article 32 (Administrative Fines)
(1) A supplier shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding 200 million won, if he/she falls under subparagraph 1; by an administrative fine not exceeding 100 million won, if he/she falls under subparagraph 2 or 3; by an administrative fine not exceeding 50 million won, if he/she falls under subparagraph 4; by an administrative fine not exceeding 10 million won, if he/she falls under subparagraph 5; or by an administrative fine not exceeding 20 million won, if he/she falls under subparagraph 6: <Amended by Act No. 15361, Jan. 16, 2018>
1. A person who refuses, obstructs, or evades an investigation conducted under Article 50 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act, which applies mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 27 (2);
2. A person who fails to appear at least twice without just cause, in violation of Article 50 (1) 1 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act which applies mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 27 (2);
3. A person who fails to submit a report or necessary data or goods in accordance with Article 50 (1) 3 or (3) of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act which applies mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 27 (2) without just cause, or a person who submits a false report, data, or goods;
4. A person who violates Article 5 (1) or (2);
5. A person who violates Article 5 (3);
6. A person who fails to submit materials as provided for in Article 27-2 (2) or submits false materials.
(2) An executive officer or employee of a supplier or any other interested person shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding 50 million won, if he/she falls under paragraph (1) 1; by an administrative fine not exceeding 10 million won, if he/she falls under subparagraph 2 or 3 of the same paragraph; or by an administrative fine not exceeding 5 million won, if he/she falls under subparagraph 6. <Amended by Act No. 15361, Jan. 16, 2018>
(3) A person who fails to comply with an order to maintain order issued pursuant to Article 43-2 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act which applies mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 27 (1) shall be punished by an administrative fine not exceeding one million won.
(4) Administrative fines provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3) shall be imposed and collected by the Fair Trade Commission, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 33 (Criminal Charge)
(1) Prosecution for an offense under Article 30 (1) may be initiated only where the Fair Trade Commission files a criminal charge.
(2) If an offense under 30 (1) is objectively deemed obvious and serious, the Fair Trade Commission shall file a criminal charge in relation thereto with the Prosecutor General.
(3) The Prosecutor General may notify the Fair Trade Commission that facts exist constituting a criminal charge under paragraph (2) and request it to file a criminal charge in relation thereto.
(4) Even if the Fair Trade Commission determines that the gravity of an offense does not meet the requirements for a criminal charge under paragraph (2), the Chairperson of the Board of Audit and Inspection or the Minster of SMEs and Startups may request the Fair Trade Commission to file a criminal charge on any other ground, such as social ripple effects or the degree of losses caused to agencies. <Amended by Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) Where the Chairperson of the Fair Trade Commission receives a request to file a criminal charge under paragraph (3) or (4), he/she shall file a criminal charge with the Prosecutor General.
(6) The Fair Trade Commission shall not cancel its filing of a criminal charge after the prosecution is initiated.
 Article 34 (Liability for Losses)
(1) If a supplier violates any of the provisions of this Act and thereby causes an agency any loss, he/she shall be liable to compensate the agency for such loss: Provided, That the same shall not apply where the supplier proves that he/she has violated any of the provisions of this Act without any intent or negligence.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), if a supplier commits any unfair trade practices set forth in Article 6 or 7 and thereby causes an agency any loss, he/she shall be liable to compensate such loss within the limit of three times the loss suffered by the agency.
(3) In determining damages in accordance with paragraph (2), the court shall take the following matters into consideration:
1. The degree of perception of intention or the likelihood of occurrence of a loss;
2. Extent of the damage suffered by the agency due to the violation;
3. Economic benefits that the supplier acquired by committing the violation;
4. The fine or penalty surcharge imposed for the violation;
5. The duration, frequency, etc. of the violation;
6. The supplier's financial standing;
7. The degree of the supplier's efforts to remedy damage.
(4) Articles 56-2 and 57 of the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act shall apply mutatis mutandis where any lawsuit for liability for damages is instituted under paragraph (1) or (2).
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability)
This Act shall begin to apply to the first contract concluded or renewed between a supplier and an agency after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among the Acts amended by Article 6 of the Addenda, the amended provisions of each Act which was promulgated before this Act enters into force but the enforcement date of which has yet to arrive shall enter into force on the enforcement date of each relevant Act.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 15013, Oct. 31, 2017>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15361, Jan. 16, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 26-2 shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability concerning Payment of Monetary Rewards)
The amended provisions of Article 26-2 shall begin to apply to the first case where a reporting, or provision of information, on violation, is made, and also relevant evidentiary materials are submitted after such amendment enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15548, Mar. 27, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2019: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 30 shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Application for Dispute Mediation)
The amended provisions of Articles 19 and 20 shall apply beginning with cases where disputing parties file the first application for dispute mediation after this Act enters into force.