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ENFORCEMENT DECREE OF THE AIDS TO NAVIGATION ACT

Wholly Amended by Presidential Decree No. 28841, Apr. 30, 2018

Amended by Presidential Decree No. 29949, Jul. 2, 2019

Presidential Decree No. 30876, Jul. 28, 2020

Presidential Decree No. 31297, Dec. 29, 2020

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Decree is to prescribe matters mandated by the Aids to Navigation Act and those necessary for enforcing said Act.
CHAPTER II MASTER PLANS FOR AIDS TO NAVIGATION
 Article 2 (Formulation and Implementation of Master Plans for Aids to Navigation)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall formulate a master plan for aids to navigation (hereinafter referred to as “master plan for aids to navigation”) under Article 6 (1) of the Aids to Navigation Act (hereinafter referred to as the “Act”) by October 31 of the year preceding the year in which the master plan for aids to navigation commences.
(2) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall take into account the following matters to examine the appropriateness of a master plan for aids to navigation under Article 6 (3) of the Act:
1. Performance analysis of the master plan for aids to navigation;
2. Changes in the marine traffic environment;
3. Survey and analysis of the current status of vessel accidents and navigational hazards;
4. Survey and analysis of the international trends related to aids to navigation;
5. Priority and importance of the policies or programs related to aids to navigation;
6. Efficiency of input of financial resources required for aids to navigation;
7. Introduction of new technologies and systems related to aids to navigation.
CHAPTER III ESTABLISHMENT, MANAGEMENT, AND PROTECTION OF AIDS TO NAVIGATION
 Article 3 (Permission to Establish Aids to Navigation)
(1) A person who intends to establish an aid to navigation under Article 9 (6) of the Act shall submit an application for permission in the form prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries to the head of a regional office of oceans and fisheries (hereinafter referred to as the “head of a regional office of oceans and fisheries”) having jurisdiction over the area in which aid to navigation will be established, along with the following documents:
1. A report containing detailed information about the aid to navigation;
2. A map showing the proposed location of the aid to navigation;
3. Design and specification of the aid to navigation, including the structural safety calculation.
(2) Upon receipt of the application for permission under paragraph (1), the head of the regional office of oceans and fisheries shall forward to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries such application for permission, along with a review report on the following matters:
1. Whether or not it is necessary to establish the aid to navigation;
2. Whether or not the position of the aid to navigation is appropriate;
3. Whether or not the aid to navigation complies with the standards under Article 9 (5) of the Act;
4. Whether or not the structure of the aid to navigation is safe;
5. Whether or not just compensation has been made in relation to any fishing right limited by the establishment of the aid to navigation;
6. Whether or not the establishment of the aid to navigation affects the marine traffic in the vicinity.
(3) Upon receipt of the application for permission and the review report under paragraph (2), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall review them, decide whether to approve or reject the application for permission, and issue to the applicant a permit stating the permission period, terms and conditions of the permission, and the like if the Minister permits the establishment of the aid to navigation.
 Article 4 (Establishment and Operation of Differential Global Navigation Satellite System)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall establish and operate the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System required under Article 10 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as the “Differential Global Navigation Satellite System”) as provided in the following:
1. To establish a facility (hereinafter referred to as “reference station”) that transmits the information under Article 10 (1) 1 of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “differential GPS corrections”) on the ground;
2. To have a system capable of controlling the operational conditions of reference stations in place;
3. The radio coverage by reference stations shall be overlapped to ensure that differential GPS corrections transmitted by other reference stations can be used, if one reference station cannot transmit differential GPS corrections due to its failure or a similar event;
4. The reference stations shall transmit differential GPS corrections in real time and also transmit alarms on abnormalities, if signals received from the GPS satellites are inaccurate or unavailable;
5. Data on the differential GPS corrections transmitted by each reference station under subparagraph 4 shall be retained for five years;
6. If the head of any administrative agency requests the provision of the data retained under subparagraph 5, such data shall be provided unless there is a compelling reason not to do so.
(2) “Areas of land survey prescribed by Presidential Decree” in Article 10 (1) 1 of the Act means the fields of survey defined in subparagraphs 2, 3, and 6 of Article 2 of the Act on the Establishment, Management, etc. of Spatial Data.
(3) Except as provided in paragraphs (1) and (2), matters necessary to establish and operate the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System shall be prescribed by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries.
 Article 5 (Establishment and Operation of Long Range Navigation System)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall establish and operate the Long Range Navigation System under Article 10 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “Long Range Navigation System”) as provided in the following:
1. To establish transmitting stations required under Article 10 (1) 2 of the Act (hereafter referred to as “transmitting station”);
2. To establish a facility (hereinafter referred to as “differential station”) that generates differential loran corrections (hereinafter referred to as “differential corrections”) and sends the differential corrections to the transmitting stations if an error occurs in the information defined in Article 10 (1) 2 of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “loran information”) due to such reasons as signal delays from the transmitting stations;
3. To have a facility capable of controlling the operational conditions of the transmitting stations and the differential stations;
4. To synchronize all signal transmissions from the transmitting stations to the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC);
5. The transmitting stations shall transmit loran information and differential corrections in real time and also transmit alarms, etc. on abnormalities, if the loran information and differential corrections are inaccurate or unavailable;
6. Data on the loran information and differential corrections transmitted by each transmitting station under subparagraph 5 shall be retained for three years;
7. If the head of any administrative agency requests the provision of the data retained under subparagraph 6, such data shall be provided unless there is a compelling reason not to do so.
(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1), matters necessary to establish and operate the Long Range Navigation System shall be prescribed by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries.
 Article 6 (Technology Development)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall promote the development of the following technologies under Article 10 (3) of the Act:
1. Technology on the equipment for the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System;
2. Application technology for the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System;
3. Technology for providing differential GPS corrections and loran information;
4. Such other technology as the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries determines to be necessary to improve the performance of the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System.
(2) Matters necessary for the planning, management, evaluation, utilization, etc. of technology development under paragraph (1) shall be governed by the National Research and Development Innovation Act. <Amended on Dec. 29, 2020>
 Article 7 (Security Measures)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall formulate and implement security measures under Article 10 (4) of the Act, including the following:
1. Measures against signal disturbances of differential GPS corrections;
2. Measures against malfunctions of the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System, including destruction or signal delays.
(2) Upon receiving a request from the head of a relevant central administrative agency to formulate a security measure for the purpose of enhancing the security of the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall review the request, take necessary action, and inform the head of the relevant central administrative agency of the results.
 Article 8 (Establishment and Management of Aids to Navigation Marking Construction Zones)
(1) “Waters ... prescribed by Presidential Decree” in the provision, with the exception of the subparagraphs, of Article 13 (1) of the Act means the following:
1. Specific waters for traffic safety designated under Article 10 of the Maritime Safety Act;
2. Waters subject to prohibition against passage of oil tankers under Article 14 of the Maritime Safety Act;
3. Fairways publicly notified under Article 31 (1) of the Maritime Safety Act;
4. Anchoring zones or anchorages designated and publicly notified under Article 5 (1) of the Act on the Arrival, Departure, etc. of Ships;
5. Sea lanes designated and publicly notified under Article 10 (1) of the Act on the Arrival, Departure, etc. of Ships;
6. Waters used for the routine navigation of vessels and designated and publicly notified by the head of a regional office of oceans and fisheries as he or she deems it necessary to establish aids to navigation marking a construction zone for the navigational safety of the vessels within such waters.
(2) Article 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to permission to establish aids to navigation required under Article 13 (1) of the Act.
 Article 9 (Establishment and Management of Wreck Marks)
(1) “Waters prescribed by Presidential Decree” in Article 14 (1) of the Act means the waters provided in each subparagraph of Article 8 (1).
(2) To establish an aid to navigation marking a sunken or grounded vessel under Article 14 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “wreck mark”), the owner of the vessel shall establish a wreck mark in compliance with the standards under Article 9 (5) of the Act.
(3) A person who has established a wreck mark under paragraph (2) shall submit a wreck mark establishment report in the form prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries, along with the following documents:
1. A report containing detailed information about the aid to navigation;
2. A map showing the location of the aid to navigation.
 Article 10 (Establishment and Management of Wreck Marks on Behalf of Others)
(1) A person who intends to request the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries to establish and manage a wreck mark on his or her behalf under Article 14 (3) of the Act shall submit a request for the establishment and management of a wreck mark in the form prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries.
(2) Upon receipt of a request by a person to establish and manage a wreck mark on his or her behalf under paragraph (1), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall establish and manage the wreck mark after consulting the person about the following:
1. The type and specification of the wreck mark to be established;
2. The method and procedure for, and duration of, establishment of the wreck mark;
3. Matters regarding the management of the wreck mark;
4. Methods for the payment of the costs necessary for establishing and managing the wreck mark.
 Article 10-2 (Consultation on Deemed Permission)
“Period prescribed by Presidential Decree” in Article 15 (4) of the Act means 10 days.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Jul. 2, 2019]
CHAPTER IV MANAGEMENT OF PRIVATE AIDS TO NAVIGATION
 Article 11 (Management of Private Aids to Navigation)
(1) The standards for persons engaging in the management of aids to navigation established by any person other than the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries under Article 18 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “private aids to navigation”) who shall be employed by the owners of the private aids to navigation (hereinafter referred to as “staff members managing private aids to navigation”) and for their place of work and the standards for securing equipment and facilities necessary to manage private aids to navigation and for locations thereof shall be as specified in attached Table 1.
(2) To file a report with the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries under the main clause, with the exception of the subparagraphs, of Article 18 (1) of the Act, the owner of a private aid to navigation shall submit to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries documents supporting that he or she employed staff members managing the private aid to navigation and has equipment and facilities in place necessary to manage the private aid to navigation under paragraph (1) within 15 days from the base date classified as follows:
1. If the owner has established the private aid to navigation: The date on which the owner obtains the confirmation of completion of establishment of the private aid to navigation under Article 20 of the Act;
2. If the owner has revoked the establishment and management of a wreck mark performed by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries under Article 18 (1) 1 of the Act on his or her behalf: The date of revocation;
3. If the owner has terminated the outsourcing contract for the management of the private aid to navigation under Article 18 (1) 2 of the Act: The date of termination of the outsourcing contract.
(3) Upon receipt of a report under paragraph (2), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall verify whether the staff members managing the private aid to navigation are not disqualified as provided in each subparagraph of Article 21 of the Act, and shall also verify the certificates of national technical qualifications held by such staff members through administrative data matching under Article 36 (1) of the Electronic Government Act: Provided, That, if a staff member managing private aid to navigation does not consent to such verification, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall require the owner of the private aid to navigation to submit a copy of the certificate of national technical qualifications held by the staff member managing private aid to navigation.
 Article 12 (Permission for Changes in Current Status of Private Aids to Navigation)
(1) If the owner of a private aid to navigation intends to change its current status under Article 19 (1) of the Act, he or she shall submit an application for permission in the form prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries to the head of the competent regional office of oceans and fisheries. <Amended on Jul. 2, 2019>
(2) Upon receipt of the application for permission under paragraph (1), the head of the regional office of oceans and fisheries shall forward to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries such application for permission, along with a review report on the following matters:
1. Whether or not it is necessary to change the current status of the private aid to navigation;
2. Whether or not the position of the private aid to navigation is appropriate;
3. Whether or not the private aid to navigation complies with the standards under Article 9 (5) of the Act;
4. Whether or not the structure of the private aid to navigation is safe;
5. Whether or not just compensation has been made in relation to the fishing right limited by the change in the current status of the private aid to navigation;
6. Whether or not the change in the current status of the private aid to navigation affects the marine traffic in the vicinity.
(3) Upon receipt of the application for permission and the review report under paragraph (2), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall review them, decide whether to approve or reject the application, and issue to the applicant a permit stating the permission period and the terms and conditions of the permission if the Minister permits a change in the current status of the private aid to navigation.
 Article 13 (Standards for Registration of Outsourced Management Business)
The standards for registration to be complied with by any person who intends to conduct outsourced business of managing private aids to navigation under the former part of Article 23 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “outsourced management business”) shall be specified in attached Table 2.
 Article 14 (Direct Management of Private Aids to Navigation)
(1) To directly manage a private aid to navigation under Article 29 (2) of the Act, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall inform the owner of the private aid to navigation or a person registered for outsourced management business under Article 23 (1) of the Act who manages the relevant private aid to navigation under an outsourcing contract (hereinafter referred to as “outsourced management business entity”) thereof in advance.
(2) To directly manage a private aid to navigation under Article 29 (2) of the Act, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall determine the terms and conditions of management, including the management period and methods, in consultation with the owner or outsourced management business entity of the private aid to navigation.
 Article 15 (Expropriation of Private Aids to Navigation)
To expropriate a private aid to navigation under Article 29 (2) of the Act, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall inform the owner of the private aid to navigation thereof in advance.
CHAPTER V PROTECTION OF AIDS TO NAVIGATION
 Article 16 (Reporting on Damage to Aids to Navigation)
(1) A report on damage to an aid to navigation required under Article 34 (4) of the Act can be made orally, in writing, or electronically, and shall include each of the following matters:
1. The name of the vessel causing such damage and personal details about the captain, including name;
2. The position at which the damaged aid to navigation is located and the details of the damage;
3. Measures taken.
(2) Upon receiving a report under paragraph (1), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries, the head of an institution under his or her jurisdiction, or the chief of the coast guard station shall notify the head of the competent regional office of oceans and fisheries of the details thereof, and the head of the regional office of oceans and fisheries shall investigate the damaged aid to navigation and take necessary measures, such as restoring the damaged function.
CHAPTER VI ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATION OF KOREA INSTITUTE OF AIDS TO NAVIGATION
 Article 17 Deleted. <Jul. 2, 2019>
 Article 18 (Use of State Property without Compensation)
(1) The Korea Institute of Aids to Navigation established under Article 41 (1) of the Act (hereinafter referred to as “K-AtoN”) may be permitted to use or borrow state property without compensation, or may borrow commodities without compensation under Article 43 (1) of the Act to the extent necessary for K-AtoN to perform its business activities provided in Article 41 (4) of the Act and the duties entrusted under Article 23. <Amended on Jul. 2, 2019>
(2) Conditions and procedures for permission to use or for borrowing state property without compensation, or for borrowing commodities without compensation under paragraph (1) shall be determined by a contract between the head of a central government agency, etc. as defined in subparagraph 11 of Article 2 of the State Property Act or the head of a central government agency, etc. as defined in Article 2 (2) of the Commodity Management Act, which manages the state property or commodities, and K-AtoN.
(3) Except as provided in paragraphs (1) and (2), permission to use state property without compensation or borrowing state property or commodities without compensation shall be governed by the State Property Act and the Commodity Management Act.
CHAPTER VII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 19 (Designation of Professional Human Resources Training Institutions for Aids to Navigation)
(1) The standards for designation of a professional human resources training institution for aids to navigation under Article 46 (3) of the Act shall be as specified in attached Table 3.
(2) A person who intends to be designated as a professional human resources training institution for aids to navigation under Article 46 (3) of the Act shall submit an application for designation to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries.
(3) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall designate a person who complies with the standards for designation specified in attached Table 3 as a professional human resources training institution for aids to navigation under Article 46 (3) of the Act; issue a written designation to the person, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries; publish such designation on the website of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries.
(4) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may subsidize the following costs a professional human resources training institution for aids to navigation designated under paragraph (3) may incur under Article 46 (4) of the Act:
1. Costs necessary to operate education programs, including lecture fees to be paid to instructors and purchasing costs of practical training equipment;
2. Costs necessary to develop and distribute education programs, including collection and provision of training materials about aids to navigation;
3. Costs necessary for surveys and research for training professional human resources for aids to navigation;
4. Such other costs as the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries determines to be necessary to train and manage professional human resources for aids to navigation.
 Article 20 (Compensation for Loss)
(1) An application for compensation that shall be submitted to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries under Article 47 (3) of the Act shall include the following information:
1. Name and address of the person seeking compensation (or the name and address of a corporation and the name and address of its representative in the case of a corporation);
2. The object to be compensated for;
3. The amount of compensation he or she seeks and a statement detailing the basis of calculation in accordance with the standards provided in each subparagraph of Article 47 (2) of the Act;
4. Other matters necessary to receive compensation.
(2) To hear an applicant’s statement on his or her application for compensation under the latter part of Article 47 (4) of the Act, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall give the applicant written notice stating each of the following not later than seven days prior to the scheduled date of the statement:
1. The time and place at which the applicant is to give a statement;
2. The object for which the applicant seeks compensation;
3. Details of the applicant's statement the Minister intends to listen to in order to determine the amount of compensation;
4. Such other matters as the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries determines to be necessary to make just compensation.
(3) A person who intends to apply for adjudication to the competent Land Tribunal under Article 47 (5) of the Act shall submit an application for adjudication to the competent Land Tribunal, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries.
 Article 21 (Vessels Fully or Partially Exempted from Payment of Light Dues)
Vessels which are fully or partially exempted from payment of light dues under the proviso of Article 48 (1) of the Act shall be as follows: <Amended on Jul. 28, 2020>
1. Vessels owned by the State or a local government;
2. Vessels calling at a port to avoid a disaster at sea;
3. Vessels that are fully or partially exempted from payment of user fees, as determined and publicly notified by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries under Article 46 (2) of the Enforcement Decree of the Harbor Act.
 Article 22 (Delegation of Authority)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall delegate the following authority to the heads of the regional offices of oceans and fisheries under Article 51 (1) of the Act: Provided, That excluded herefrom is the authority provided in subparagraphs 2, 3, 9, 24, 25, 27, and 29 over the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System provided in Article 10 of the Act:
1. Establishing aids to navigation (limited to aids to navigation prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries) under Article 9 (1) of the Act;
2. Managing aids to navigation (excluding the repair of aids to navigation prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries) under Article 9 (1) of the Act;
3. Securing, maintaining, and managing facilities, equipment, vessels, etc. necessary to establish and manage aids to navigation under Article 9 (3) of the Act;
4. Granting permission to establish private aids to navigation under Article 9 (6) of the Act in the waters provided in subparagraphs 1 and 2 of Article 4 of the Act: Provided, That excluded herefrom shall be the following:
(a) Granting permission to establish new aids to navigation to open a new sea lane to be followed by vessels arriving at and departing from a newly constructed port or dock;
(b) Granting permission to establish aids to navigation to change the sea lane to be followed by vessels arriving at and departing from an existing port or dock;
5. Granting permission to establish aids to navigation marking a construction zone under Article 13 (1) of the Act in the waters provided in subparagraphs 1 and 2 of Article 4 of the Act;
6. Receiving reports on the establishment of wreck marks under Article 14 (1) of the Act in the waters provided in subparagraphs 1 and 2 of Article 4 of the Act;
7. Performing the establishment and management of wreck marks on behalf of others under Article 14 (3) of the Act;
8. Establishing and managing wreck marks and claiming the costs from the owners of relevant vessels under Article 14 (4) of the Act;
9. Publicly notifying the establishment, discontinuance, or change in the current status of, aids to navigation under Article 16 of the Act;
10. Receiving reports for the management of private aids to navigation under Article 18 (1) of the Act;
11. Receiving reports on private aids to navigation as required under each subparagraph of Article 18 (2) of the Act;
12. Ordering measures necessary to eliminate malfunctioning private aids to navigation under Article 18 (4) of the Act;
13. Granting permission to change the current status of private aids to navigation (limited to aids to navigation prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries) under Article 19 (1) of the Act;
14. Receiving reports on the discontinuance of private aids to navigation under Article 19 (2) of the Act in the waters provided in subparagraphs 1 and 2 of Article 4 of the Act;
15. Confirming the completion of establishment of private aids to navigation under Article 20 of the Act;
16. Requesting necessary corrective measures, such as suspending or replacing staff members managing private aids to navigation, under Article 22 (1) of the Act;
17. Registering management services, issuing a certificate of registration of outsourced management business, and receiving applications to change entries in the certificate of registration under Article 23 of the Act;
18. Receiving reports on succession to the rights and obligations of outsourced management business entities under Article 24 (3) of the Act;
19. Receiving reports on the commencement, suspension, closure, or resumption of outsourced management business under Article 25 of the Act;
20. Revoking the registration of, and ordering the suspension of, outsourced management business under Article 26 (1) of the Act;
21. Ordering the submission of materials and filing of reports, conducting investigations upon entering and inspecting business papers and other documents under Article 28 (1) of the Act and issuing a written notice of investigations or inspections under paragraph (3) of the same Article;
22. Ordering the relocation or removal of private aids to navigation (limited to aids to navigation prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries) or other necessary measures under Article 29 (1) of the Act;
23. Ordering the suspension of use or other necessary measures under Article 31 (2) of the Act;
24. Ordering the suspension of construction works or operations under Article 32 (2) of the Act;
25. Ordering removal, relocation and establishment, or other necessary measures under Article 33 (2) and (3) of the Act;
26. Receiving reports on the damage to aids to navigation under Article 34 (4) of the Act;
27. Ordering restoration to the original state and conducting the vicarious execution under Article 36 (2) and (3) of the Act;
28. Preserving and managing aids to navigation of historical value, facilities attached to such aids to navigation, and other equipment under Article 44 (1) of the Act;
29. Receiving applications for compensation [limited to compensation (limited to compensation for loss sustained on aids to navigation prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries) for the relocation, removal, etc. of private aids to navigation under Article 29 (1) of the Act and to compensation for the removal, relocation and establishment of structures under Article 33 (3) of the Act], listening to statements and determining the amount of compensation under Article 47 (3) and (4) of the Act;
30. Imposing and collecting light dues under Article 48 of the Act;
31. Holding hearings under subparagraph 1 of Article 50 of the Act;
32. Imposing and collecting administrative fines under Article 55 (2) of the Act (limited to imposing and collecting administrative fines in relation to the authority delegated to the heads of the regional offices of oceans and fisheries).
(2) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall delegate the following authority to the head of the National Maritime Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Office under Article 51 (1) of the Act: Provided, That the authority provided in subparagraphs 1, 2, and 5 through 9 is limited to the authority over the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System provided in Article 10 of the Act:
1. Managing aids to navigation under Article 9 (1) of the Act;
2. Securing, maintaining, and managing facilities, equipment, vessels, etc. necessary to establish and manage aids to navigation under Article 9 (3) of the Act;
3. Operating the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System under Article 10 (1) of the Act;
4. Formulating and implementing security measures, etc. to enhance the security of the Differential Global Navigation Satellite System and the Long Range Navigation System under Article 10 (4) of the Act;
5. Publicly notifying the establishment, discontinuance, or change in the current status of, aids to navigation under Article 16 of the Act;
6. Ordering the suspension of construction works or operations under Article 32 (2) of the Act;
7. Ordering removal or relocation and establishment, or other necessary measures under Article 33 (2) and (3) of the Act;
8. Ordering restoration to the original state and conducting vicarious execution under Article 36 (2) and (3) of the Act;
9. Receiving applications for compensation for loss (limited to compensation for the removal or relocation and establishment of structures, etc. under Article 33 (3) of the Act), listening to statements and determining the amounts of compensation under Article 47 (3) and (4) of the Act;
10. Imposing and collecting administrative fines under Article 55 (2) of the Act (limited to imposing and collecting administrative fines in relation to the authority delegated to the head of the National Maritime Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Office).
 Article 23 (Entrustment of Duties)
The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall entrust the following duties to K-AtoN under Article 51 (2) of the Act:
1. Managing aids to navigation under Article 9 (1) of the Act (limited to the repair of aids to navigation prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries);
2. Operating the lighthouse museum and maritime cultural space under Article 44 (2) of the Act.
 Article 24 (Processing of Sensitive Information and Personally Identifiable Information)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries (including the persons delegated with the authority of the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries under Article 22 (1)) may process the information that constitutes criminal history records referred to in subparagraph 2 of Article 18 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act or data that contains resident registration numbers referred to in subparagraph 1 of Article 19 of the same Enforcement Decree if unavoidable to conduct the following business affairs:
1. Business affairs related to reporting on private aids to navigation under Article 18 (1) of the Act and paragraph (2) 2 of the same Article;
2. Business affairs related to the registration of outsourced management business under Article 23 (1) of the Act;
3. Business affairs related to changes in the matters entered in the certificate of registration of outsourced management business under Article 23 (4) of the Act;
4. Business affairs related to reporting on succession to the rights and obligations of outsourced management business entities under Article 24 (3) of the Act.
(2) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may process data that contains resident registration numbers referred to in subparagraph 1 of Article 19 of the Enforcement Decree of the Personal Information Protection Act if unavoidable to conduct the affairs related to the designation of an inspection agency that examines the performance of aids to navigation equipment and supplies under Article 39 (1) of the Act.
CHAPTER VIII PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 25 (Standards for Imposition of Administrative Fines)
The standards for imposition of administrative fines under Article 55 (1) of the Act shall be as specified in attached Table 4.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 28841, Apr. 30, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on May 1, 2018.
Article 2 (General Transitional Measures)
Any dispositions taken or other acts done, or various applications filed with or other acts done toward administrative agencies, under the provisions of the previous Enforcement Decree of the Aids to Navigation Act before this Decree enters into force shall be deemed to be acts done by or toward administrative agencies under the corresponding provisions of this Decree.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Entrustment of Manufacture and Repair of Aids to Navigation)
The manufacture and repair of aids to navigation entrusted by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries under the previous subparagraph 2 of Article 23 before this Decree enters into force shall be governed by the previous provisions until the duration of the relevant entrustment contract expires, notwithstanding the amended provisions of subparagraph 1 of Article 23.
Article 4 Omitted.
Article 5 (Relationship to Other Statutes or Regulations)
A citation of any provisions of the previous Enforcement Decree of the Aids to Navigation Act in other statutes or regulations as at the time this Decree enters into force shall be deemed to be a citation of the corresponding provisions of this Decree, in lieu of the previous provisions, if such corresponding provisions exist herein.
ADDENDUM <Presidential Decree No. 29949, Jul. 2, 2019>
This Decree shall enter into force on July 16, 2019.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 30876, Jul. 28, 2020>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on July 30, 2020.
Articles 2 through 15 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Presidential Decree No. 31297, Dec. 29, 2020>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force on January 1, 2021.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.