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PUBLIC WATERS MANAGEMENT AND RECLAMATION ACT

Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010

Amended by Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010

Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011

Act No. 10801, jun. 15, 2011

Act No. 11020, Aug. 4, 2011

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014

Act No. 12476, Mar. 18, 2014

Act No. 12738, jun. 3, 2014

Act No. 13186, Feb. 3, 2015

Act No. 13426, Jul. 24, 2015

Act No. 13385, jun. 22, 2016

Act No. 14503, Dec. 27, 2016

Act No. 14480, Dec. 27, 2016

Act No. 14605, Mar. 21, 2017

Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017

Act No. 15009, Oct. 31, 2017

Act No. 15607, Apr. 17, 2018

Act No. 16149, Dec. 31, 2018

Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to promote public welfare and to contribute to improving the quality of life of the people by preserving and managing public waters for their sustainable use and by allowing an efficient use of reclaimed land through environment-friendly reclamation of public waters.
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The definitions of the terms used in this Act are as follows: <Amended by Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014; Act No. 14605, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. The term "public waters" means as follows:
(a) Sea: Space from a coastline referred to in Article 6 (1) 4 of the Act on the Establishment, Management, etc. of Spatial Data to the outer limit of the exclusive economic zone under the Act on the Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf;
(b) Seashores: Space from a coastline referred to in Article 6 (1) 4 of the Act on the Establishment, Management, etc. of Spatial Data to the area registered on the cadastral record;
(c) State-owned rivers, lakes, ditches, or water surfaces or water streams used for public purposes;
2. The term "submerged land" means any land submerged by erosion of such land registered on the public cadastral register;
3. The term "tideland" means any space from the high-water line to the low-water line;
4. The term "reclamation of public waters" means a formation (including reclamation in water area) of land by artificially filling the public waters with earth, rocks, stones, and other objects.
 Article 3 (Exclusion from Application)
(1) The provisions of this Act concerning the management and occupancy or use of public waters shall not apply to any of the following: <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Public waters applied or applicable mutatis mutandis under the River Act;
2. Public waters applied or applicable mutatis mutandis under the Small River Maintenance Act;
3. Public waters in any agricultural production infrastructure under subparagraph 6 of Article 2 of the Rearrangement of Agricultural and Fishing Villages Act;
4. Public waters constituting port facilities under subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Harbor Act;
5. Public waters constituting fishing port facilities referred to in subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Fishing Villages and Fishing Harbors Act.
(2) The provisions of this Act concerning the reclamation of public waters shall not apply to any of the following cases:
1. Where reclamation is made to change a ditch or a reservoir under other statutes or regulations;
2. Where public waters are reclaimed pursuant to Article 8 (1) 4.
(3) The provisions of this Act concerning the reclamation of public waters shall apply mutatis mutandis to any of the following:
1. Construction of fisheries farms;
2. Establishment of shipbuilding facilities;
3. Construction of installations that use tidal power;
4. Construction of permanent establishment by subdividing public waters into parts.
CHAPTER II MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC WATERS
SECTION 1 Management of Public Waters
 Article 4 (Management of Public Waters)
(1) The State or a local government that manages public waters shall manage them in an environment-friendly manner for the preservation and sustainable use of public waters.
(2) Public waters falling under any of the following shall be managed by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries, and other public waters shall be managed by a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (the head of a Gu means the head of an autonomous Gu; hereinafter the same shall apply): <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act Nos. 14605 & 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
2. Other public waters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 5 (Prohibited Acts)
No person shall perform any of the following acts on public waters without any justifiable ground: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Dumping or discharging wastes, waste oil, wastewater, sewage, excreta, livestock excreta, polluted soil, poisonous substances, animal carcasses, or other pollutants prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, on or into public waters;
2. Opening, closing, or damaging any floodgate or installations for managing public waters;
3. Abandoning or leaving a ship derelict on public waters.
 Article 6 (Removal of Derelict Ships)
(1) Where any capsized, sunken, derelict, or moored ship, derelict waste material, or other object (hereinafter referred to as "derelict ship, etc.") falls under any of the following cases, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (hereinafter referred to as "management agency of public waters") may order its owner or occupant to remove it, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Where it is deemed to impede the efficient use of public waters;
2. Where it is deemed likely to generate water pollution.
(2) Where the management agency of public waters intends to order removal pursuant to paragraph (1), the agency shall conduct a prior investigation to ascertain whether a derelict ship, etc. falls under any subparagraph of paragraph (1), as determined by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries, and give comprehensive consideration to various circumstances, such as the present condition and location of the relevant derelict ship, etc. when discovered, any risk of causing a maritime accident or water pollution, or whether any impediment exists to the management and use of public waters. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) In any of the following cases, the management agency of public waters may remove a derelict ship, etc., as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. Where the owner or occupant of a derelict ship, etc. has failed to comply with the order of removal issued under paragraph (1): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where an approval for the removal thereof or consent thereto is not obtained from interested persons of the ship, etc. subject to the order of removal (limited to those registered with the ships register pursuant to the Ship Registry Act and with the ship register, etc. pursuant to the Act on Mortgage on Motor Vehicles and other Specific Movables; hereafter in this Article the same shall apply);
2. Where the owner or occupant of a derelict ship, etc. is unknown.
(4) The management agency of public waters may require interested persons provided for in the proviso of paragraph (3) 1 to submit their opinions regarding the removal of the relevant ship, including the assertion of rights to the relevant ship, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) The management agency of public waters shall, in receipt of the opinions submitted under paragraph (4), conduct a reinvestigation to ascertain the validity of the details of the relevant opinions (including whether the assertion of rights thereto is legitimate), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(6) Notwithstanding the proviso of paragraph (3) 1, in any of the following cases, the management agency of public waters may remove the relevant ship, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: <Amended by Act No. 10801, Jun. 15, 2011; Act No. 13186, Feb. 3, 2015>
1. Where an interested person fails to submit his or her opinion or declares his or her intention to waive the rights stated in the ship register, despite the receipt of a request to submit an opinion from the management agency of public waters provided for in paragraph (4);
2. Where the results of reinvestigation conducted under paragraph (5) show that it falls under any of the following cases:
(a) Where the ship provided in paragraph (1) is deemed likely to impede safe navigation of other ships and maritime traffic order, in violation of a treaty or convention concluded with a foreign state, the Act on the Arrival, Departure, etc. of Ships, or the Maritime Safety Act;
(b) Where the ship provided for in paragraph (1) is likely to discharge any material falling under subparagraphs 4, 5, 7 through 10, 15, and 18 of Article 2 of the Marine Environment Management Act (referring to discharging under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of said Act);
(c) Where a ship provided for in paragraph (1) drifts, thereby creating a risk of collision with fishing port facilities provided for in subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Fishing Village and Fishery Harbors Act, harbor facilities provided for in subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Harbor Act, facilities within a port or estuary, and other ships, etc.;
(d) Where the ship provided for in paragraph (1) impedes the use of public waters, and its salvage value is less than the estimated expenses to be incurred in removing it.
(7) Expenses incurred by the management agency of public waters in removing a derelict ship, etc. pursuant to paragraphs (3) and (6) shall be borne by the owner or occupant of the derelict ship, etc., but where such owner or occupant is unknown, such expenses may be appropriated by disposing of the relevant derelict ship, etc., as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 7 (Support for Project Costs)
The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may support necessary project costs within budgetary limits to a local government that manages or operates public waters. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
SECTION 2 Occupancy or Use Permits of Public Waters
 Article 8 (Occupancy or Use Permits of Public Waters)
(1) Any person who intends to perform any of the following acts shall obtain a permit for occupancy or use (hereinafter referred to as "occupancy or use") (hereinafter referred to as "occupancy or use permit") from the management agency of public waters, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where it is intended to use public waters for the purpose of rescuing a ship in distress, etc. pursuant to Article 19 of the Act on the Search and Rescue, etc. in Waters or taking emergency measures pursuant to Article 37 of the Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety, or where any person who has obtained a reclamation license under Article 28 intends to occupy or use his or her licensed public waters within the scope of the purpose for which the reclamation license has been issued: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No, 14503, Dec. 27, 2016; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Newly constructing, renovating, extending, altering, or removing a wharf, a breakwater, a bridge, a floodgate, new and renewable energy facilities (referring to new and renewable energy facilities referred to in subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Act on the Promotion of the Development, Use and Diffusion of New and Renewable Energy; hereafter in this Chapter the same shall apply), a building (referring to a building provided for in Article 2 (1) 2 of the Building Act which is installed without developing land on the pubic waters; hereafter in this Chapter the same shall apply), or other artificial structure on any public waters;
2. Excavating any land contiguous to public waters below the surface of the public waters;
3. Dredging or excavating the bottom of public waters;
4. Developing any submerged land determined by Presidential Decree or any tideland entitled to private ownership into land;
5. Withdrawing water from or discharging water to public waters: Provided, That acts prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries shall be excluded herefrom;
6. Taking earth, sands, or rocks from or on public waters;
7. Growing or cutting down plants from or on public waters;
8. Affecting the depth of public waters, such as dumping large quantities of earth or rocks on public waters;
9. Occupying or using installations, established on public waters by obtaining an occupancy or use permit, which are owned by the State or any local government;
10. Extracting minerals provided for in subparagraph 1 of Article 3 of the Mining Industry Act from public waters;
11. Occupying or using public waters other than those listed in subparagraphs 1 through 10.
(2) In granting permission for the new construction, renovation, and extension of a building referred to in paragraph (1) 1, the management agency of public waters shall grant permission only to a building determined by Presidential Decree.
(3) Where the management agency of public waters intends to grant an occupancy or use permit, the agency shall consult in advance with the head of the related administrative agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Where any person who has obtained an occupancy or use permit intends to change the matters, etc. prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as the period of occupancy or use and the purposes among matters permitted, he or she shall obtain permission for change from the management agency of public waters.
(5) Paragraph (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to any permission for change provided for in paragraph (4).
(6) Where the management agency of public waters grants an occupancy or use permit or permission for change provided for in paragraph (4), the agency shall publicly notify the terms thereof, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(7) Where the management agency of public waters grants an occupancy or use permit, the agency may set additional clauses concerning the method of occupancy or use, and management, etc. if deemed necessary for protection of the marine environment, ecosystem, fisheries resources, and natural landscape, for prevention of damage to fishery, or for management or operation of public waters.
(8) A person who obtains an occupancy or use permit shall not have others occupy or use the permitted public waters: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where approval from the management agency is obtained because it is necessary for public interests such as national defense or prevention of natural disaster.
(9) Where the head of an administrative agency other than the management agency of public waters has issued an administrative disposition which is deemed an occupancy or use permit granted under other statutes or permission for change granted pursuant to paragraph (4), he or she shall notify the management agency of public waters of such fact immediately. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
 Article 9 (Report on Changes in Matters for Occupancy or Use Permits)
In cases of a change in any of the following among matters for which an occupancy or use permit is granted, a person who has obtained an occupancy or use permit shall report such change to the management authority of public waters, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Name of a corporation;
2. Representative of a corporation;
3. Address (referring to the seat of the principal office in cases of a corporation).
 Article 10 (Consultations or Approval for Occupancy or Use of Public Waters)
(1) Notwithstanding Article 8, where the State or any local government intends to occupy or use public waters directly for official or public purposes or for purpose of a non-profit project, it shall consult with or obtain approval from the management agency of public waters.
(2) Where the State or any local government which has held consultations or obtained approval pursuant to paragraph (1) intends to change the matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as the period and the purposes of occupancy or use, among the consulted or approved matters, it shall consult with or obtain approval from the management agency of public waters.
(3) Article 8 (6), (7), and (9) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the consultation or approval referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2). <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
 Article 11 (Period of Occupancy or Use Permits)
The management agency of public waters shall grant an occupancy or use permit within the period prescribed by the following classifications, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. In cases of a wharf, a breakwater, a bridge, a floodgate, new and renewable energy facilities, a building, or other similar robust artificial structure: 30 years;
2. In cases of artificial structures other than those referred to in subparagraph 1: 15 years;
3. In cases of occupancy or use under Article 8 (1) 2, 3, and 5 through 11: 5 years: Provided, That in any of the following cases, the period shall be as prescribed in each item:
(a) Where the occupancy or use under Article 8 (1) 5 is for an electric utility operator under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Electric Utility Act to install or operate electric resources: 30 years;
(b) Where the occupancy or use under Article 8 (1) 5 is for a person who has obtained a fishery business permit pursuant to Article 41 of the Fisheries Act to conduct fishery business of cultivation in inland sea water or for a person who has obtained a permit to conduct business of producing seeds for fisheries pursuant to Article 21 of the Fisheries Seed Industry Promotion Act to conduct such business: 15 years.
 Article 12 (Standards for Occupancy or Use Permits)
In granting an occupancy or use permit or holding consultations or giving approval referred to in Articles 8 and 10, where a person has a right determined by Presidential Decree, which is likely to be prejudiced due to such permit, consultations, or approval (hereinafter referred to as "person entitled to occupancy or use of public waters"), the management agency of public waters shall not grant a permit, hold consultations, or give approval: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to any of the following cases:
1. Where the person entitled to occupancy or use of public waters gives consent to the occupancy or use of the public waters;
2. Where it is necessary for the State or a local government to perform public works projects determined by Presidential Decree, such as national defense or prevention of natural disaster, etc.
 Article 13 (Collection of Occupancy or Use Fees of Public Waters)
(1) The management agency of public waters shall collect occupancy or use fees of pubic waters (hereinafter referred to as "occupancy or use fees") each year from a person who has obtained an occupancy or use permit or the consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters (including a person who has obtained approval of an implementation plan for the reclamation of public waters pursuant to Article 38 (1), a person who is deemed to have obtained approval of an implementation plan for the reclamation of public waters pursuant to other statutes, and a person who is deemed to have obtained an occupancy or use permit or the consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters pursuant to other statutes), as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That reductions or exemptions of occupancy or use fees may be granted, as prescribed by Presidential Decree in any of the following cases: <Amended by Act No. 11020, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 13385, Jun. 22, 2015; Act No. 13426, Jul. 24, 2015; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017; Act No. 15009, Oct. 31, 2017; Act No. 16149, Dec. 31, 2018>
1. Where the State, a local government, or a person designated by Presidential Decree directly occupies or uses public waters for any non-profit project for the purpose of public interests;
2. Where he or she occupies or uses public waters for an act falling under Article 8 (1) 4;
3. Where he or she occupies and uses public waters to install a silt protector for the purpose of preventing the proliferation of pollutants generated by an act falling under the subparagraphs of Article 8 (1) or works, etc. executed on public waters under other statutes;
4. Where the operator of a development project occupies or uses public waters to execute the development project in a free economic zone provided for in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Special Act on Designation and Management of Free Economic Zones;
5. Where he or she occupies or uses public waters to perform a public-private partnership project provided for in subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Act on Public-Private Partnerships in Infrastructure;
6. Where the operator of an industrial complex development project provided for in subparagraph 9 of Article 2 of the Industrial Sites and Development Act occupies or uses public waters to collect and dredge earth and rocks for the purpose of reclaiming public waters for the relevant industrial complex development project;
7. Where he or she occupies or uses public waters for any licensed, permitted, or reported fishery under the Fisheries Act in the relevant fishing grounds (including where a person who intends to conduct land and seawater fish farming provided for in Article 41 (3) 2 of said Act installs a waterline for drawing water or drainpipe outside the relevant fishing grounds for an act referred to in Article 8 (1) 5);
8. Where the operator of a development project provided for in Article 147 of the Special Act on the Establishment of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province and the Development of Free International City occupies or uses public waters for executing the development project in the Jeju investment promotion zone designated under Article 162 (1) of said Act;
9. Where he or she occupies or uses public waters to establish and maintain private navigational aids under Articles 9 (6), 13, or 14 of the Navigation Aids Act;
10. Where he or she occupies or uses public waters to install marine disaster prevention equipment or materials prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries for the purpose of preventing the proliferation of the substances provided for in subparagraphs 4, 5, 7 through 10, 15, and 18 of Article 2 of the Marine Environment Management Act;
11. Where he or she occupies or uses public waters to form and operate a marina facility or marina industry complex provided for in subparagraphs 2 and 4 of Article 2 of the Act on the Development, Management, etc. of Marinas within the marina zones designated and publicly notified under Article 10 of said Act;
12. Where he or she occupies or uses public waters to install or operate new and renewable energy facilities;
13. Where he or she occupies or uses public waters for fisheries seed production under the Fisheries Seed Industry Promotion Act;
14. The types of business prescribed by Presidential Decree, among the types of business located in an area designated as a special area for responding to industrial crisis under Article 17 (2) of the Special Act on Balanced National Development or as an employment crisis area or employment disaster area under the Framework Act on Employment Policy.
(2) Occupancy or use fees collected pursuant to the occupancy or use permits granted by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall be appropriated for the State revenue, and occupancy or use fees collected pursuant to the occupancy or use permits granted by a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall be appropriated for the revenue of the relevant local government. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2), in cases of collecting occupancy or use fees for any of the following acts in the Exclusive Economic Zone provided for in Article 2 of the Act on the Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf, the amount equivalent to 50/100 of occupancy or use fees shall be appropriated for the revenue of the Metropolitan City, Do, or Special Self-Governing Province which is closest to the relevant area permitted: <Amended by Act Nos. 14605 & 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Extraction of aggregate provided for in Article 2 (1) 1 of the Aggregate Extraction Act;
2. Extraction of minerals provided for in subparagraph 1 of Article 3 of the Mining Industry Act.
(4) Metropolitan City Mayors or Do Governors shall equitably provide the revenue provided for in paragraph (3) to up to three Sis/Guns/Gus (referring to autonomous Gus; hereinafter the same shall apply) adjacent to the relevant Exclusive Economic Zone so that they may use it to enrich fishery resources and develop the fishing industry. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(5) A Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall use at least 50/100 of the revenue gained from the occupancy or use fees collected for the extraction of aggregate under the Aggregate Extraction Act or the extraction of minerals under the Mining Industry Act, in the project for the enrichment of fishery resources under each subparagraph of Article 41 (1) of the Fishery Resources Management Act: Provided, That the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may separately set the ratio of the revenue to be used in the project for the enrichment of fishery resources below 50/100, taking into account features of each management agency of public waters, and the revenue gained from occupancy or use fees, etc. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(6) The management agency of public waters may allow the payment by installments of occupancy or use fees, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, where an annual occupancy or use fee equals or exceeds the amount determined by Presidential Decree, the agency shall require a person who obtains an occupancy or use permit to provide a security deposit within the amount determined by Presidential Decree or to take a measure to ensure performance guarantee at the time of granting the occupancy or use permit (including a permit for the modification thereof in cases of extending the permission period).
(7) Where a person who is obliged to pay an occupancy or use fee fails to pay such fee by the deadline for payment, the management agency of public waters may collect additional charge by 3/100 of the occupancy or use fee as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(8) The management agency of public waters may collect occupancy or use fees or additional charge from a person who fails to pay occupancy or use fees or additional charge in the same manner as delinquent national or local taxes are collected. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
 Article 14 (Adjustment of Occupancy or Use Fees)
Where the same person (including the person who takes over or inherits the rights and obligations under Article 16) continuously occupies or uses the same public waters for not less than two years and the annual occupancy or use fees for the relevant period increases by not less than 10/100 than the previous year, the management agency of public waters may collect the amount adjusted according to the formula determined by Presidential Decree as the occupancy or use fees for the relevant year.
 Article 15 (Collection of Indemnification)
(1) The management agency of public waters shall collect an amount equivalent to 120/100 of occupancy or use fees as an indemnification from any person who occupies or uses public waters without an occupancy or use permit or beyond the permitted period without obtaining a permit of change in the occupancy or use period under Article 8 (4), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, where a person required to pay indemnification fails to do so by the deadline, additional dues may be collected in an amount of up to 3/100 of the delayed indemnification, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The former part of Article 13 (6) and paragraph (8) of said Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to the payment in installments and collection of indemnifications and additional dues referred to in paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
 Article 16 (Transfer of Rights and Obligations)
(1) Any rights and obligations arising from an occupancy or use permit may be transferred or inherited, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Persons who take over or inherit any rights and obligations pursuant to paragraph (1) shall report the details of transfer or inheritance of the rights and obligations to the management agency of public waters, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The management agency of public waters shall notify a reporting person of whether to accept a report filed pursuant to paragraph (2), within 10 days from the filing date of the report. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(4) If the management agency of public waters fails to notify a reporting person of whether to accept a report or of the extension of the processing period of a report under statutes or regulations relating to the processing of civil petitions, within the period specified in paragraph (3), the report shall be deemed to be accepted on the day immediately after the end of the period (if the processing period has been extended or re-extended under statutes or regulations relating to the processing of civil petitions, referring to the relevant processing period). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(5) A person whose report on the transfer or inheritance of rights and obligations has been accepted under paragraph (3) (including a person whose report is deemed to have been accepted under paragraph (4)) shall be deemed to have obtained an occupancy or use permit under this Act. <Amended by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
SECTION 3 Implementation Plans for Occupancy or Use
 Article 17 (Authorization of Implementation Plans for Occupancy or Use)
(1) Any person who has obtained an occupancy or use permit for performing an act determined by Presidential Decree, relating to the scale of an artificial structure and total construction expenses, among acts falling under Article 8 (1) 1 through 4 shall obtain approval of an implementation plan for occupancy or use of public waters (hereinafter referred to as "implementation plan for occupancy or use") from the management agency of public waters in advance before starting related work. The same shall apply where he or she intends to change matters determined by Presidential Decree, among the approved matters.
(2) Any person who has obtained an occupancy or use permit for performing an act falling under the subparagraphs of Article 8 (1) (excluding an act subject to approval of an implementation plan for occupancy or use pursuant to the former part of paragraph (1)) or who has obtained the consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters under Article 10 shall report an implementation plan for occupancy or use to the management agency of public waters in advance before starting the related work. The same shall apply where he or she intends to change matters determined by Presidential Decree, among matters already reported.
(3) Any person who intends to obtain approval of an implementation plan for occupancy or use pursuant to in paragraph (1) shall obtain such approval from the management agency of public waters within one year from the date of obtaining the occupancy or use permit, and any person who intends to report an implementation plan for occupancy or use pursuant to paragraph (2) shall report such plan to the management agency of public waters within six months after the date of obtaining the occupancy or use permit or the consultation or approval for occupancy or use.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3), where any unavoidable cause exists such as natural disaster, the management agency of public waters may extend the period referred to in paragraph (3) only once by up to one year (referring to six months in cases of reporting), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) The management agency of public waters shall notify a reporting person of whether to accept a report filed pursuant to paragraph (2), within 10 days from the filing date of the report. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(6) If the management agency of public waters fails to notify a reporting person of whether to accept a report or of the extension of the processing period of a report under statutes or regulations relating to the processing of civil petitions, within the period specified in paragraph (5), the report shall be deemed to be accepted on the day immediately after the end of the period (if the processing period has been extended or re-extended under statutes or regulations relating to the processing of civil petitions, referring to the relevant processing period). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(7) Where the management agency of public waters approves an implementation plan for occupancy or use or accepts any report thereon pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (5) (including where a report shall be deemed to be accepted under paragraph (6)), the agency shall publicly notify the details of such authorization or report, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(8) Matters necessary for the approval of and report on an implementation plan for occupancy or use referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
 Article 18 (Inspection on Completion)
(1) Any person who has obtained approval of an implementation plan for occupancy or use pursuant to Article 17 (1) shall, upon completion of the relevant work, apply for inspection on completion with the management agency of public waters without delay, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That where necessary, application for inspection on completion may be filed for the part completed even before the full completion of the relevant work. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(2) Any person who has reported an implementation plan for occupancy or use pursuant to Article 17 (2) shall, upon completion of the relevant work, report such completion to the management agency of public waters without delay, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The management agency of public waters shall notify a reporting person of whether to accept a report filed pursuant to paragraph (2), within 10 days from the filing date of the report. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(4) If the management agency of public waters fails to notify a reporting person of whether to accept a report or of the extension of the processing period of a report under statutes or regulations relating to the processing of civil petitions, within the period specified in paragraph (3), the report shall be deemed to be accepted on the day immediately after the end of the period (if the processing period has been extended or re-extended under statutes or regulations relating to the processing of civil petitions, referring to the relevant processing period). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(5) Where the management agency of public waters recognizes that the relevant work has been performed as provided for in the implementation plan for occupancy or use authorized pursuant to Article 17 (1) according to an inspection on completion referred to in paragraph (1) as prescribed by Presidential Decree, the agency shall issue a certificate of inspection on completion, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(6) Where the management agency of public waters has accepted a report on completion of work (including where a report shall be deemed to have been accepted under paragraph (4)) or conducted an inspection on completion pursuant to paragraph (3) or (5), the agency shall publicly notify the details thereof as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
SECTION 4 Disposition Related to Occupancy or Use
 Article 19 (Cancellation of Occupancy or Use Permits)
(1) Where any person who has obtained an occupancy or use permit or who has obtained the consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters pursuant to Articles 8 and 10 falls under any of the following cases, the management agency of public waters may revoke such permit, consultation, or approval; suspend his or her occupancy or use; or order him or her to take necessary measures, such as renovating or relocating any artificial structures, installations, earth, rocks, or other things: Provided, That in cases of falling under subparagraph 1, the occupancy or use permit shall be revoked: <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Where he or she obtains the occupancy or use permit by fraud or other improper means;
2. Where a person who has obtained the occupancy or use permit violates permitted matters;
3. Where he or she fails to perform additional clauses referred to in Article 8 (7) without any justifiable grounds;
4. Where he or she fails to pay occupancy or use fees;
5. Where he or she fails to obtain the authorization of an implementation plan for occupancy or use or to report an implementation plan for occupancy or use referred to in Article 17 (1) and (2);
6. Where he or she has refused, interfered with, or evaded, an investigation into interested persons, related documents, etc., any entry to or temporary use of land, etc., or alteration or removal of obstacles referred to in Article 55;
7. Where all or part of a project related to the occupancy or use permit or consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters has been discontinued.
(2) Where the management agency of public waters cancels an occupancy or use permit or the consultation or approval for occupancy or use; suspends the occupancy or use; or orders to take necessary measures, such as renovating or relocating any artificial structures, installations, earth, rocks or other things referred to in paragraph (1); the agency shall publicly notify such fact and install a sign determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries in the place from where the relevant public waters or artificial structures, etc. are clearly visible. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) No person may refuse or obstruct the installation of the sign referred to in paragraph (2) or damage any installed sign.
 Article 20 (Disposition in Public Interests)
The management agency of public waters may order the cancellation of an occupancy or use permit, suspension of occupancy or use, or renovation or relocation of any artificial structure, installation, and others in any of the following cases:
1. Where necessary due to any change in conditions directly related to public waters, such as changes in the development of related industry and the related plan of the State or any local government;
2. Where necessary to eliminate or reduce any public danger and injury, such as preservation of public waters and prevention of disaster;
3. Where necessary to maintain and protect any floodgate or other installations for managing public waters;
4. Where necessary to perform public works projects referred to in Article 4 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects.
 Article 21 (Recovery)
(1) Any of the following persons (hereafter in this Article referred to as "person responsible for recovery") shall remove artificial structures, installations, earth and rocks, or other things established on any public waters and recover such public waters: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to cases where he or she has obtained the occupancy or use permit in order to perform an act falling under Article 8 (1) 4:
1. A person who occupies or uses public waters without obtaining an occupancy or use permit or the consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters;
2. A person who occupies or uses public waters in excess of the area for which an occupancy or use permit, consultation, or approval for occupancy or use of public waters is obtained;
3. A person for whom the period of occupancy or use expires;
4. A person for whom the project related to the occupancy or use permit or the consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters is discontinued;
5. A person for whom the occupancy or use permit is canceled;
6. A person for whom the consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters is canceled.
(2) Where a person responsible for recovery fails to take measures necessary for recovery referred to in paragraph (1), the management agency of public waters may order him or her to recover public waters, specifying a certain period.
(3) Where the person who has been issued an order for recovery referred to in paragraph (2) fails to comply with it, the management agency of public waters may take measures necessary for recovery pursuant to the Administrative Vicarious Execution Act.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), where it is impossible to recover public waters, or other reasons exist determined by Presidential Decree, the management agency of public waters may, ex officio or upon request from a person responsible for recovery, exempt such person from the obligation of recovery.
(5) Where the management agency of public waters receives request for exemption pursuant to paragraph (4), the agency shall notify the applicant of whether exemption is granted, within 20 days from the date of receipt of such request, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(6) The management agency of public waters may gratuitously revert artificial structures, installations, earth and rocks, or other things on the relevant public waters to the State or any local government, as prescribed by Presidential Decree in any of the following cases:
1. Where any person who occupies or uses public waters without obtaining an occupation or use permit fails to comply with an order for recovery referred to in paragraph (2);
2. Where a person is exempted from the obligation of recovery pursuant to paragraph (4).
(7) Where it is necessary in order to secure the fulfillment of the obligation of recovery referred to in paragraph (1) and of an order for the obligation of recovery referred to in paragraph (2), the management agency of public waters may allow a relevant person to deposit an amount equivalent to the costs incurred in such recovery as prescribed by Presidential Decree at the time of approving an implementation plan for occupancy or use pursuant to Article 17 (1) or of receiving the report referred to in Article 17 (2).
CHAPTER III RECLAMATION OF PUBLIC WATERS
Section 1 Master Plans for Reclamation of Public Waters
 Article 22 (Formulation of Master Plans for Reclamation of Public Waters)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall formulate a master plan for reclamation of public waters (hereinafter referred to as "master plan for reclamation") after deliberation by the National Coastal Management Council referred to in Article 30 of the Coast Management Act (hereinafter referred to as the "Council") every 10 years in order to reclaim and manage public waters in a way that serves the overall functions and use of national land and creates harmony with the environment. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) A master plan for reclamation under paragraph (1) shall be formulated in conformity with the marine spatial plan under the Act on Marine Spatial Planning and Management, the comprehensive plan for national land under the Framework Act on the National Land, and the urban or Gun management planning under the National Land Planning and Utilization Act. <Amended by Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011; Act No. 15607, Apr. 17, 2018>
(3) In formulating a master plan for reclamation pursuant to paragraph (1), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall consult in advance with the head of the related central administrative agency and hear the opinion of the related Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, or Do Governor (hereinafter referred to as the "Mayor/Do Governor"), or the related Special Self-Governing City Mayor. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(4) The opinion presented by the Mayor/Do Governor pursuant to paragraph (3) shall include the opinion of the head of a Si/Gun/Gu and the opinion of the local council established in the relevant Si/Gun/Gu regarding the master plan for reclamation. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(5) When formulating a master plan for reclamation, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may consult with relevant experts. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 23 (Request for Reflection in Master Plans for Reclamation)
(1) The head of a central administrative agency, the head of a local government, or a person who intends to reclaim public waters may request the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries to reflect any public waters in a master plan for reclamation, if they are not included in such plan but need to be reclaimed. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) In receipt of a request to reflect the public waters in a master plan for reclamation under paragraph (1), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall investigate or survey the marine environment, the current state of the ecosystem, the feasibility of reclamation and the land use plan of the relevant public waters, and other matters determined by Presidential Decree, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may request the head of the related administrative agency to provide data necessary for the investigation or survey referred to in paragraph (2). In such cases, the head of the related administrative agency so requested shall provide the relevant data in the absence of special circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) Where it is necessary for an efficient investigation or survey, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may ask the specialized organization to conduct the relevant investigation or survey referred to in paragraph (2). In such cases, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may require a person who has requested for the reflection of the public waters in a master plan for reclamation under paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as "person requesting the reflection in a master plan for reclamation") to pay all or part of expenses incurred in the relevant investigation or survey, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(5) Where the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries conducts an investigation or survey under paragraph (2), he or she shall immediately notify the person requesting the reflection in a master plan for reclamation of the result. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(6) Where there are several persons requesting the reflection in a master plan for reclamation in regard to the same public waters, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may reflect the public waters in the master plan for reclamation according to the priorities determined by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 24 (Details of Master Plans for Reclamation)
(1) A master plan for reclamation shall include a reclamation plan for each predetermined lands to be reclaimed (hereinafter referred to as "predetermined land to be reclaimed") specifying the following by public waters to be reclaimed:
1. Location and size of predetermined land to be reclaimed;
2. Purpose of reclamation;
3. Land use plan for predetermined land to be reclaimed;
4. Matters on the necessity of reclamation and how to reclaim;
5. Matters on those determined by Presidential Decree from among changes in the environment and ecosystem, which may be caused by reclamation and countermeasures thereon;
6. Matters on the comparison of economic feasibility before and after reclamation relating to the land use plan of predetermined land to be reclaimed.
(2) The reclamation plan for each predetermined land to be claimed under paragraph (1) shall be prepared every five years in accordance with a master plan for reclamation.
 Article 25 (Cancellation of Reclamation Plans for Each Predetermined Land to Be Reclaimed)
(1) A person who intends to obtain a reclamation license shall obtain a reclamation license referred to in Article 28 within a period of five years pursuant to a reclamation plan for each predetermined land to be reclaimed which is established or publicly notified under Articles 24 and 26.
(2) Where a reclamation license is not obtained within the period referred to in paragraph (1), the relevant reclamation plan for each predetermined land to be reclaimed shall be deemed to have been canceled from the day following the lapse of the relevant period.
(3) Where the relevant reclamation plan for each predetermined land to be reclaimed is canceled under paragraph (2), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall notify the person requesting the reflection in a master plan for reclamation of the relevant fact for each predetermined land within 14 days from the day the plan is canceled, and publicly notify it as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 26 (Public Notice on Master Plans for Reclamation)
(1) Upon formulating a master plan for reclamation, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall, without delay, publicly notify the details of such plan; notify the head of the related central administrative agency and the related Mayor/Do Governor or Special Metropolitan City Mayor of the details of such plan; and submit the plan to the competent Standing Committee of the National Assembly, without delay. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017; Act No. 16149, Dec. 31, 2018>
(2) In receipt of a notice under paragraph (1), the Mayor/Do Governor shall require the head of a Si/Gun/Gu to allow the public to inspect a master plan for reclamation for at least 14 days, and a Special Metropolitan City Mayor shall allow the public to inspect a master plan for reclamation for at least 14 days. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(3) A master plan for reclamation shall not restrict any right already created for the use of public waters subject to predetermined land to be reclaimed.
(4) The head of the related administrative agency shall not create any new right in predetermined land to be reclaimed, except as otherwise provided for in Presidential Decree.
 Article 27 (Change in Master Plans for Reclamation)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall review the feasibility of any master plan for reclamation established and publicly notified under Articles 22 and 26 every five years, and shall take necessary measures including any change in the master plan for reclamation, if the review finds any of the following: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
1. Addition to or cancellation of a reclamation plan for each predetermined land to be reclaimed;
2. Expansion of the area of predetermined land to be reclaimed;
3. Change of the purpose of reclamation.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may, ex officio or upon receipt of a request, change a master plan for reclamation where necessary on such grounds as the development of industry related to reclamation of public waters, a change in a plan established under the statutes and regulations, and other changes in surrounding conditions. In such cases, a person who requests for a change shall conduct an inspection and survey in advance under Article 23 (2). <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The provisions of Articles 22 through 26 shall apply mutatis mutandis to a change in a master plan for reclamation referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2).
SECTION 2 Reclamation Licenses of Public Waters
 Article 28 (Reclamation Licenses)
(1) Anyone who intends to reclaim public waters shall obtain a reclamation license of public waters (hereinafter referred to as "reclamation license") from the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries, the Mayor/Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, or a Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as "reclamation license agency") according to the following classifications by specifying the purposes of reclamation, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. The reclamation of public waters in a harbor area provided for in the subparagraphs of Article 3 (1) of the Harbor Act: The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries;
2. The reclamation of public waters, the area of which is not less than 100,000 square meters: The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries;
3. The reclamation of public waters other than public waters referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 2: The Mayor/Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, or a Special Self-Governing Province Governor.
(2) Where any predetermined land to be reclaimed includes both public waters provided for in paragraph (1) 1 and public waters provided for in paragraph (1) 3, a reclamation license shall be obtained from the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Where any predetermined land to be reclaimed for the reclamation of public waters provided for in paragraph (1) 3 extends over not less than two jurisdictions of the Special Metropolitan City, Metropolitan Cities, Special Self-Governing Cities, Dos, or Special Self-Governing Provinces, a reclamation license shall be obtained from the Mayor/Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, or a Special Self-Governing Province Governor who is decided after consultation with the related Mayors/Do Governors, Special Self-Governing City Mayors, or Special Self-Governing Province Governors: Provided, That where no agreement is reached following consultation, such reclamation license shall be obtained from the Mayor/Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, or a Special Self-Governing Province Governor who is designated by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(4) Where the reclamation license agency intends to grant the reclamation license pursuant to paragraph (1), the agency shall, in advance, consult with the heads of related central administrative agencies and the related Mayor/Do Governor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, or Special Self-Governing Province Governor. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(5) The reclamation license agency shall grant a license to the extent appropriate for the details of a master plan for reclamation.
(6) The reclamation license agency may not grant a license by dividing any predetermined land to be reclaimed which has been reflected in a master plan for reclamation: Provided, That the same shall not apply to reclamation conducted by the State, a local government, or the Korea Land and Housing Corporation under the Korea Land and Housing Corporation Act.
(7) Public waters in the harbor zone referred to in each subparagraph of Article 3 (1) of the Harbor Act and public waters in the State-owned fishery harbor referred to in subparagraph 3 (a) of Article 2 of the Fishing Villages and Fishery Harbors Act shall be reclaimed only by the State or a local government: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where they are reclaimed as prescribed by Presidential Decree, in consideration of the purpose and size of reclamation or the conditions of location.
(8) Where applications compete for a reclamation license for public waters in the same location, the reclamation license agency may grant a license according to the priorities determined by Presidential Decree.
(9) Where the head of an administrative agency other than a reclamation license agency has issued an administrative disposition that is construed as a reclamation license of public waters under paragraph (1) obtained under other statutes, he or she shall immediately notify the reclamation license agency of such fact. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
 Article 29 (Additional Clauses to Reclamation Licenses)
The reclamation licensing agency may set additional clauses to matters necessary for the protection of those falling under the subparagraphs of Article 31 or for public interests or other matters determined by Presidential Decree in granting a license.
 Article 30 (Standards for Reclamation Licenses)
(1) Where a person has a right to any public waters in a predetermined land to be reclaimed and a zone neighboring such predetermined land likely to suffer damage from reclamation (hereinafter referred to as "right holder related to reclamation of public waters"), the reclamation license agency shall not grant any reclamation license except any of the following cases:
1. Where the right holder related to reclamation of public waters gives consent to reclamation and it is deemed that such reclamation is made in full consideration of changes in the environment and ecosystem;
2. Where benefits accruing from reclamation considerably exceed its losses;
3. Where reclamation is necessary for a project eligible for expropriating or using land under statutes or regulations;
4. Where it is necessary for public interests, such as national defense or prevention of disaster, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The scope of a zone neighboring the predetermined land to be reclaimed which is likely to suffer damage from reclamation referred to in paragraph (1) shall be determined by Presidential Decree.
 Article 31 (Scope of Right Holders Related to Reclamation of Public Waters)
A right holder related to reclamation of public waters referred to in Article 30 (1) means any of the following persons: <Amended by Act No. 13385, Jun. 22, 2015>
1. A person who has obtained an occupancy or use permit of public waters pursuant to Article 8, or consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters pursuant to Article 10;
2. A piscary holder referred to in subparagraph 11 of Article 2 of the Fisheries Act;
3. A person who has obtained a fishery license under Article 8 of the Fisheries Act;
4. A person who has obtained a license for sectional fisheries or cultivation of fisheries in inland sea water referred to in Article 41 (3) 1 or 2 of the Fisheries Act or a person who has obtained a license for fisheries seed production under Article 21 of the Fisheries Seed Industry Promotion Act;
5. A person who withdraws water from, or discharge water to, any public waters with a permit to do so under other statutes or regulations or according to custom.
 Article 32 (Prevention of Losses and Compensation Due to Reclamation)
(1) A person who has obtained a reclamation license (hereinafter referred to as "reclamation licensee") under Article 28 shall compensate for losses which he or she causes to the right holder related to reclamation of public waters or install facilities for preventing such losses, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) A reclamation licensee shall consult with the right holder related to reclamation of public waters about compensation referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) Where no agreement is reached or cannot be reached following consultation referred to in paragraph (2), a reclamation licensee may apply for a ruling to the competent land tribunal, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Articles 83 through 86 of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall apply mutatis mutandis to the objections against the ruling by the competent land tribunal referred to in paragraph (3).
(5) Articles 20 (2), 28 (2), and 58 (3) of the Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall apply mutatis mutandis to the expenses such as fees relating to a ruling referred to in paragraphs (3) and (4).
(6) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a person who comes to fall under any subparagraph of Article 31 or facilities installed by the person on or after the public notice date of a reclamation license under Article 33.
 Article 33 (Public Notice for Reclamation Licenses)
Where the reclamation license agency grants a reclamation license, the agency shall publicly notify such fact, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 34 (Reclamation License Fees)
Where the reclamation license agency grants a reclamation license, the agency may collect reclamation license fees from a reclamation licensee, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That reclamation license fees may be exempted in any of the following cases:
1. Reclamation performed by a public-service corporation or a public organization determined by Presidential Decree;
2. Construction of fisheries farms referred to in Article 3 (3) 1.
 Article 35 (Reclamation Conducted by the State)
(1) Notwithstanding Article 28, where the State or a local government intends to reclaim public waters or where the Korea Land and Housing Corporation under the Korea Land and Housing Corporation Act intends to reclaim public waters for an industrial complex development project under the Industrial Sites and Development Act, it shall consult in advance or obtain approval from the reclamation license agency.
(2) Any person who has consulted on, or has obtained approval for, reclamation pursuant to paragraph (1) shall not transfer the right to reclamation before undergoing an inspection on completion under paragraph (4): Provided, That where the right to reclamation is to be transferred to the State or a local government, it may be transferred after filing a report on the transfer to the reclamation license agency, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(3) In receipt of a report filed pursuant to the proviso of paragraph (2), the reclamation license agency shall examine the contents of the report and shall accept the report if the agency finds that the report is in conformity with this Act. If the reclamation license agency is not the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries in such cases, the agency shall consult the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries on the report before accepting the report. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(4) Where a person who consults on, or obtains approval for, reclamation pursuant to paragraph (1) completes the relevant reclamation work, he or she shall, without delay, apply for an inspection on completion to the reclamation license agency, determining the land category provided for in Article 67 of the Act on the Establishment, Management, etc. of Spatial Data. <Amended by Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014; Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(5) A person who consults on, or obtains approval for, reclamation pursuant to paragraph (1) shall acquire the ownership of such reclaimed land as falling under Article 46 (1) 3 and 4 on the date an inspection on completion provided for in paragraph (4) is conducted. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017; Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(6) Articles 28 (1) through (5) and (9), 29 through 33, 38, 39, 39-2, 40 through 42, 44 through 46 (excluding Article 46 (1) 3 and 4), 48, 49 (1), (3), (5), and (6), 51 through 54 (excluding Article 54 (9)), and 56 through 58 shall apply mutatis mutandis to reclamation of public waters conducted by a person who consults on, or obtains approval for, reclamation pursuant to paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017; Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
 Article 36 (Small-Scale Reclamation Executed by the State)
(1) When the State or any local government intends to reclaim public waters of not more than 1,000 square meters in its area (hereinafter referred to as "small-scale reclamation") for official or public purposes prescribed by Presidential Decree, the State or the local government may perform such small-scale reclamation pursuant to Article 35 (excluding Article 28 (4) and (5) that are applied mutatis mutandis under Article 35 (6)), irrespective of the master plan for reclamation. <Amended by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(2) When the reclamation license agency intends to hold consultations on, or grant approval for, the small-scale reclamation pursuant to paragraph (1), the agency shall consult in advance with the heads of relevant administrative agencies.
 Article 37 (Transfer of Control over Reclaimed Land)
Upon completing reclamation works conducted as a governmental project, the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall, without delay, transfer the control of the reclaimed land to the head of the related central administrative agency according to the purpose of reclamation, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, where any flood control or sea wall facilities are completed during reclamation works whose primary purpose is agriculture, he or she shall, without delay, transfer the control of such flood control or sea wall facilities to the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
SECTION 3 Reclamation Works
 Article 38 (Approval of Implementation Plans for Reclamation of Public Waters)
(1) A reclamation licensee shall prepare an implementation plan for reclamation of public waters (hereinafter referred to as "implementation plan for reclamation") and obtain approval therefor from the reclamation license agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. The same shall apply to cases where he or she intends to alter such approved implementation plan for reclamation.
(2) A reclamation licensee shall formulate an implementation plan for reclamation by classifying the predetermined land to be reclaimed into at least two zones and apply for approval from the reclamation license agency. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(3) A reclamation licensee shall obtain approval of an implementation plan for reclamation within one year from the date of receiving the reclamation license: Provided, That where there is any unavoidable cause prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as natural disaster, he or she may obtain the approval by extending the period just once for a period of up to one year from the reclamation license agency.
(4) After obtaining consent on the commencement of reclamation works from a right holder related to reclamation of public waters or after making a compensation or installing facilities referred to in Article 32, the reclamation licensee shall apply for approval of an implementation plan for reclamation.
(5) When the reclamation license agency grants approval of an implementation plan for reclamation or approval of alteration thereto pursuant to paragraph (1), the agency shall publicly notify such fact, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 39 (Authorization and Permission Deemed Granted)
(1) Where a reclamation licensee obtains approval of an implementation plan for reclamation, he or she shall be deemed to obtain authorization, permission, approval, cancellation, consultation, and reports (hereinafter referred to as "authorization, permission, etc."), and if the approval of an implementation plan for reclamation is publicly notified under Article 38 (5), it shall be deemed that the public notice or announcement of authorization, permission, etc. under related statutes is given: <Amended by Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010; Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011; Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014; Act No. 14480, Dec. 27 2016; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017; Act No. 15009, Oct. 31, 2017>
1. Permission for aggregate extraction referred to in Article 22 of the Aggregate Extraction Act, and permission for aggregate extraction in the aggregate extraction complex referred to in Article 34 (1) of said Act;
2. Determination of the urban or Gun management planning referred to in Article 30 of the National Land Planning and Utilization Act, permission for changes in the form and quality and for division of land referred to in Article 56 (1) 2 and 4 of said Act, designation of the operator of the urban or Gun planning facility project referred to in Article 86 of said Act, and authorization of an implementation plan for the urban or Gun planning facility project referred to in Article 88 of said Act;
3. Permission for use of agricultural production infrastructure referred to in Article 23 of the Rearrangement of Agricultural and Fishing Villages Act;
4. Permission for, or consultation on, farmland conversion referred to in Article 34 of the Farmland Act;
5. Consultation with, or approval by, the road management authority referred to in Article 107 of the Road Act (limited to permission for the execution of road works by persons other than the road management authority referred to in Article 36 of said Act, and permission for occupancy and use of roads referred to in Article 61 of said Act);
6. Permission to open private roads referred to in Article 4 of the Private Road Act;
7. Permission for deforestation, etc. in an erosion control area referred to in Article 14 of the Erosion Control Work Act and any cancellation of designation as an erosion control area referred to in Article 20 of said Act;
8. Permission for, and reporting on, deforestation referred to in Article 36 (1) and (4) of the Creation and Management of Forest Resources Act; permission for, and reporting on, an act to do in the forest reserve under Article 9 (1) and (2) of the Forest Protection Act (excluding the forest genetic resources reserve); and cancellation of designation as a forest reserve referred to in Article 11 (1) 1 of said Act;
9. Permission for conversion of mountainous districts referred to in Article 14 of the Mountainous Districts Management Act; report on conversion of mountainous districts referred to in Article 15 of said Act; and permission for, or reporting on, temporary use of mountainous districts referred to in Article 15-2 of said Act;
10. Permission for the execution of small river works referred to in Article 10 (1) of the Small River Maintenance Act and permission for the occupancy of small rivers referred to in Article 14 of said Act;
11. Approval for the execution of works in a protected water zone referred to in Article 47 (2) of the Fishery Resources Management Act;
12. Approval of the implementation plan for a new harbor construction project referred to in Article 8 (1) of the New Harbor Construction Promotion Act;
13. Permission to do an act in a park area referred to in Article 23 of the Natural Parks Act and consultation with the park management agency referred to in Article 71 of said Act;
14. Permission for reburying graveyards referred to in Article 27 (1) of the Act on Funeral Services, Etc.;
15. Authorization for, or reporting on, construction scheme of private-use electric equipment referred to in Article 62 of the Electric Utility Act;
16. Permission to change the form and quality, etc. of land referred to in Article 21-2 of the Grassland Act; and permission for, reporting on, or consultation on, grassland conversion referred to in Article 23 of said Act;
17. Permission for the occupancy or use of public sewerage referred to in Article 24 of the Sewerage Act;
18. Consultations with, or approval by, the river management agency referred to in Article 6 of the River Act; permission for the execution of river works referred to in Article 30 of said Act; and permission for the occupancy or use of rivers referred to in Article 33 of said Act;
19. Permission for the installation of navigation aids referred to in Article 13 (1) 1 of the Navigational Aids Act;
20. Permission for the execution of harbor construction works under Article 9 (2) of the Harbor Act and approval of the implementation plan for harbor construction works under Article 10 (2) of said Act.
(2) Where a reclamation licensee obtains the approval of an implementation plan for reclamation, he or she shall be deemed to have obtained an occupancy or use permit referred to in Article 8; to have obtained the consultation on, or approval for, occupancy or use of public waters referred to in Article 10; and to have reported on, or obtained the approval of, the implementation plan for occupancy or use referred to in Article 17; and where the approval of an implementation plan for reclamation referred to in Article 38 (5) is publicly notified, it shall be deemed that a public notice referred to in Article 17 (7) is made. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017; Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(3) When approving an implementation plan for reclamation, the reclamation licensing agency shall be equipped with related documents furnished by the reclamation licensee and consult in advance with the head of the related administrative agency, if the plan includes the matters listed in any subparagraph of paragraph (1) or paragraph (2). In such cases, the head of the related administrative agency shall submit his or her opinion within 20 days from the date of receipt of the request for consultation.
(4) Where the head of the related administrative agency that has authority to grant authorization, permission, etc. referred to in each subparagraph of paragraph (1) has determined or revised standards, procedures, etc. therefor, he or she shall without delay give notice thereof to the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(5) Upon receipt of notice of standards, procedures, etc. referred to in paragraph (4), the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries shall integrate them and give public notice thereof. The foregoing shall also apply to any alterations thereto. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 39-2 (Package Deal Consultation Meetings for Authorization and Permission Deemed Granted)
(1) A reclamation license agency may hold a package deal consultation meeting for authorization, permission, etc. deemed granted as prescribed by Presidential Decree in order to consult with the head of the relevant administrative agency pursuant to Article 39 (3).
(2) Upon receiving a request for consultation pursuant to Article 39 (3), the head of the relevant administrative agency shall have a public official under his or her jurisdiction attend a package deal consultation meeting referred to in paragraph (1).
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017]
 Article 40 (Reclamation Works)
A reclamation licensee shall execute reclamation works in accordance with the details of the authorized implementation plan for reclamation.
 Article 41 (Entry to Land)
(1) Where a person intends to obtain a reclamation license or a reclamation licensee intends to perform any of the following acts for an investigation and survey on reclamation or reclamation works, etc., he or she shall obtain prior consent from the owner, occupant, or manager: Provided, That this shall not apply where the owner, occupant, or manager cannot be ascertained:
1. Entering another person's land or public waters;
2. Altering trees, earth and rocks, or other obstacles on another person's land or public waters;
3. Temporarily using another person's land or public waters as a materials yard or a temporary road.
(2) Any person who intends to obtain a reclamation license or reclamation licensee shall compensate for any loss caused by his or her entry to, use of, or the like of land, etc. under paragraph (1).
 Article 42 (Conveyance of Disused State-Owned or Public Land)
(1) Where public facilities determined by Presidential Decree, such as any State or public road and bank, come into disuse due to any execution of reclamation works, they may be conveyed or sold to the reclamation licensee according to the following classifications notwithstanding the State Property Act and the Public Property and Commodity Management Act:
1. Conveyance: In cases of the new establishment of public facilities reverting to the State or any local government pursuant to Article 46 (1) 1 in lieu of any public facilities coming into disuse;
2. Sale: In cases other than subparagraph 1.
(2) Public facilities referred to in paragraph (1) shall include state-owned water surface and water stream.
(3) Where any seashores are used as site for facilities for public use or public facilities newly established due to the execution of reclamation works, the State may, notwithstanding the State Property Act, convey the seashores to the management agency which will manage such facilities for public use or public facilities.
 Article 43 (Transfer of Rights and Obligations of Reclamation of Public Waters)
(1) Any rights and obligations arising from a reclamation license may be transferred or inherited, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Persons who take over or inherit any rights and obligations pursuant to paragraph (1) shall report the details of the transfer or inheritance of the rights and obligations to the reclamation license agency, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) The reclamation license agency shall notify a reporting person of whether to accept a report filed pursuant to paragraph (2), within 10 days from the filing date of the report. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(4) If the reclamation license agency fails to notify a reporting person of whether to accept a report or of the extension of the processing period of a report under statutes or regulations relating to the processing of civil petitions, within the period specified in paragraph (3), the report shall be deemed to be accepted on the day immediately after the end of the period (if the processing period has been extended or re-extended under statutes or regulations relating to the processing of civil petitions, referring to the relevant processing period). <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
(5) In cases of transferring or succeeding to any rights and obligations arising from the license referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2), such rights and obligations may not be divided.
(6) A person whose report on the transfer or inheritance of rights and obligations has been accepted under paragraph (3) (including a person whose report is deemed to have been accepted under paragraph (4)) shall be deemed to be a reclamation licensee under this Act. <Amended by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
 Article 44 (Use of Reclaimed Land)
(1) No reclamation licensee may use reclaimed land for such purposes as establishing buildings, installations, or other artificial structures before an inspection on completion pursuant to Article 45: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where a use permit before inspection on completion is granted by the reclamation license agency as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, to the extent that the use does not hinder the accomplishment of the purpose for reclamation. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Where the reclamation license agency grants a use permit before inspection on completion referred to in the proviso of paragraph (1), the agency shall grant the use permit only where the use of reclaimed land suits the purpose of reclamation referred to in Article 24 (1) 2 and the land use plan referred to in Article 24 (1) 3.
(3) Where a person who intends to use reclaimed land before inspection on completion obtains the permit referred to in the proviso of paragraph (1), he or she shall be deemed to have obtained the following authorization, report, permission, or inspection (hereinafter referred to as "authorization, etc."):
1. Building permit or report on temporary building referred to in Article 20 (1) and (2) of the Building Act;
2. Authorization or report of a plan of works for setting up electric installations for private use referred to in Article 62 of the Electric Utility Act;
(4) When the reclamation license agency grants the permit referred to in the proviso of paragraph (1), if the details of such permit includes matters falling under any subparagraph of paragraph (3), a person who intends to obtain the use permit before inspection on completion shall consult in advance with the head of the related administrative agency, preparing the related documents. In such cases, the head of the related administrative agency shall submit his or her opinion within 20 days from the date of receipt of the request for consultation.
(5) If the head of the related administrative agency fails to submit his or her opinion within the period specified in the latter part of paragraph (4) (referring to an extended period if the period for response has been extended under Article 20 (2) of the Act), it shall be deemed that consultation has been held. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
 Article 45 (Inspection on Completion)
(1) Where a reclamation licensee completes his or her reclamation works, he or she shall, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, determine the location and land category (referring to land category referred to in Article 67 of the Act on the Establishment, Management, etc. of Spatial Data) of reclaimed land and apply for inspection on completion to the reclamation license agency. In such cases, a reclamation licensee may apply for inspection on completion for each zone if he or she has obtained approval of an implementation plan for reclamation for separate zones pursuant to Article 38 (2). <Amended by Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(2) After the reclamation license agency that receives the application for inspection on completion pursuant to paragraph (1) conducts an inspection on completion as prescribed by Presidential Decree, if the agency recognizes that the relevant work has been executed as approved in the implementation plan for reclamation, the agency shall issue a certificate of inspection on completion prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries and publicly notify the relevant fact. Where the work has not been executed as approved in the implementation plan for reclamation, the reclamation license agency shall without delay order necessary measures such as supplemental works. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) Any person who applies for inspection on completion pursuant to paragraph (1) obtains a certificate of inspection on completion referred to in paragraph (2), he or she shall be deemed to have received an inspection on completion or authorization on completion of the relevant project referred to in authorization, permission, etc. falling under the subparagraphs of Article 39 (1) and paragraph (2) of said Article. In such cases, the reclamation license agency shall consult in advance with the heads of the related administrative agencies concerning the inspection on completion. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(4) Any person who wants to be deemed to have received an inspection on completion or authorization of completion pursuant to paragraph (3) shall also submit the related documents prescribed by the relevant statutes at the time of applying for inspection on completion pursuant to paragraph (1).
SECTION 4 Acquisition of Reclaimed Land's Ownership
 Article 46 (Acquisition of Reclaimed Land's Ownership)
(1) Where a reclamation licensee obtains the certificate of inspection on completion referred to in Article 45 (2), the State, a local government, or a reclamation licensee shall acquire reclaimed land's ownership according to the following classifications:
1. Reclaimed land necessary to be used for official or public purposes as determined by Presidential Decree reverts to the State or a local government;
2. Reclaimed land of an area (excluding an area of seashores included in site for facilities for public use or public facilities newly installed due to the execution of reclamation works from among reclaimed seashores) equivalent to reclaimed seashores reverts to the State. In such cases, the location of reclaimed land, the ownership of which the State acquired shall be a place other than reclaimed land as determined by the reclamation licensee;
3. Reclaimed land equivalent to the total project costs (referring to the aggregate of costs incurred in investigation and design, net construction costs, compensation costs, and the like as determined by Presidential Decree) incurred for such reclamation works from among reclaimed land except reclaimed land, the ownership of which the State or a local government acquired pursuant to subparagraphs 1 and 2 reverts to the reclamation licensee;
4. Remaining reclaimed land except reclaimed land, the ownership of which the State, a local government, or the reclamation licensee acquired pursuant to the provisions of subparagraphs 1 through 3 (hereinafter referred to as "remaining reclaimed land") reverts to the State.
(2) When a person who has acquired any reclaimed land's ownership falling under paragraph (1) 3 and 4 applies for registration for maintenance of ownership for such reclaimed land, he or she shall enter mattes determined by Presidential Decree in respect of any restrictions on the exercise of ownership (hereinafter referred to as "matters on any restrictions on the exercise of ownership") in the application and the registration official shall write in addition, ex officio, matters on any restrictions on the exercise of ownership in effecting a registration for maintenance of ownership.
(3) Where a limitation period for changes to the purpose for reclamation referred to in the main clause of Article 48 (1) expires, a person who has acquired any reclaimed land's ownership falling under paragraph (1) 3 and 4 may apply for registration for cancellation regarding the matters on restrictions on the exercise of ownership written in addition in the registration for maintenance of ownership pursuant to paragraph (2) to the competent registry office.
(4) Where the State, a local government, or a reclamation licensee has obtained the ownership referred to in paragraph (1), the reclamation license agency shall notify the related administrative agency, such as the competent tax office and registry office, of the ownership of the reclaimed land, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 47 (Requests for Purchase of Remaining Reclaimed Land)
(1) A reclamation licensee may file a request for his or her purchase of remaining reclaimed land which the State has acquired pursuant to Article 46 (1) within one year from the date of receipt of inspection on completion, and the State shall not refuse such request except when using the remaining reclaimed land for official or public purposes. In such cases, if the requester is the operator of an industrial complex development project under the Industrial Sites and Development Act, the sale price of such remaining reclaimed land may be determined by Presidential Decree, notwithstanding Article 44 of the State Property Act.
(2) Where the State leases reclaimed land, the ownership of which it has acquired pursuant to Article 46 (1) 2, and remaining reclaimed land, the ownership of which it has acquired pursuant to Article 46 (1) 4, as sites for any of the following facilities according to its reclamation objectives, it may have permanent installations established thereon, notwithstanding the State Property Act: Provided, That if the deadline for purchase request referred to in paragraph (1) has not expired for remained reclaimed land, the State shall obtain consent thereto from the reclamation licensee: <Amended by Act No. 11020, Aug. 4, 2011; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
2. Facilities for the knowledge industry referred to in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Industrial Sites and Development Act;
3. Facilities related to the information and communications industry and facilities for a stockpile of resources referred to in subparagraphs 4 and 6 of Article 2 of the Industrial Sites and Development Act;
4. Facilities for tourist accommodation business referred to in Article 3 (1) 2 of the Tourism Promotion Act, and facilities prescribed by Presidential Decree among tourist-using facility business referred to in Article 3 (1) 3 of said Act.
(3) Where the State leases reclaimed land and remaining reclaimed land pursuant to paragraph (2), it may provide for the leasing method and period and rents for such reclaimed land and remaining reclaimed land pursuant to Presidential Decree, notwithstanding Articles 43, 46, and 47 of the State Property Act.
 Article 48 (Restrictions on Changes in Purpose of Reclamation)
(1) A reclamation licensee, a person who has acquired any reclaimed land's ownership, and his or her successor shall not use predetermined land to be reclaimed or reclaimed land for which a reclamation license has been granted or a reclaimed land for which he or she has received inspection on its completion by changing the purpose of his or her reclamation during the period prior to inspection on its completion and within 10 years from the date of inspection on its completion: Provided, That this shall not apply to any insignificant changes in the purpose of reclamation determined by Presidential Decree.
(2) A person who intends to make an insignificant change to the reclamation purpose pursuant to the proviso of paragraph (1) shall obtain prior confirmation from the reclamation license agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) When making the confirmation pursuant to paragraph (2), the reclamation license agency shall publicly notify the details of such confirmation, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 49 (Exception of Restrictions on Changes in Purpose of Reclamation)
(1) Notwithstanding the main clause of Article 48 (1), where a predetermined land to be reclaimed or a reclaimed land for which a reclamation license has been granted, or reclaimed land which has received inspection on its completion, falls under any of the following cases, a reclamation licensee, a person who has acquired reclaimed land's ownership, and his or her successor may change the purpose of his or her reclamation after obtaining approval therefor from the reclamation license agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. Where it becomes impossible to use the remainder for serving the purpose of its reclamation by changing part of reclaimed land into that for official or public purposes;
2. Where it becomes impossible to use reclaimed land for serving the purpose of its reclamation due to any change to a national plan under related statutes or regulations;
3. Where any change in the purpose of reclamation is inevitable due to industrial development or changes in circumstances.
(2) Where a person who has acquired reclaimed land's ownership or his or her successor intends to change the purpose of reclamation under paragraph (1), the reclamation license agency may grant approval under paragraph (1) only where the former makes an application to revert revaluated reclaimed land equivalent to the remaining value, deducting required expenses (an amount of capital expenses multiplying the consumer price index by taxes and dues, appraisal and evaluation cost, acquisition value for the reclaimed land on authorization on its completion, and other expenses taken together) as determined by Presidential Decree (hereinafter referred to as "revaluated reclaimed land") to the State among reclaimed land equivalent to an increase in prices of reclaimed land revaluated on the basis of the purpose of reclamation which he or she intends to change.
(3) Where the reclamation license agency intends to grant approval for any changes in the purpose of reclamation under paragraph (1), the agency shall undergo deliberation thereof by the Council after consulting with the heads of relevant central administrative agencies and the Mayor/Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, or a Special Self-Governing Province Governor. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(4) The revaluation methods of reclaimed land referred to in paragraph (2) or other necessary matters shall be determined by Presidential Decree.
(5) Upon granting approval for any changes to the purpose of reclamation pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), the reclamation license agency shall publicly notify such fact, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(6) Any person who has obtained authorization to change the purpose of reclamation pursuant to paragraph (1) may file an application for registration of such change with the competent registry office by attaching thereto a written authorization to change the purpose of reclamation.
 Article 50 (Acquisition of Revaluated Reclaimed Land's Ownership)
(1) The State shall acquire the ownership of revaluated reclaimed land on the date when the reclamation license agency approves a change in the purpose of reclamation pursuant to Article 49 (1).
(2) The reclamation license agency shall, without delay, take measures necessary for the registration, registry, or the protection of rights in respect of the revaluated reclaimed land's ownership acquired by the State pursuant to paragraph (1).
(3) Any person who has obtained approval for change in the purpose of reclamation pursuant to Article 49 (1) may make a request for his or her purchase of the revaluated reclaimed land, the ownership of which the State acquired within one year from the date of obtaining approval for change, and the State shall not refuse such request except for using it for official or public purposes.
(4) Article 46 (4) shall apply mutatis mutandis to notice of the acquisition of revaluated reclaimed land's ownership referred to in paragraph (1).
(5) Article 49 (6) shall apply mutatis mutandis where a person who has obtained approval for a change in the purpose of reclamation applies for registration on ownership by purchasing a revaluated reclaimed land pursuant to paragraph (3).
 Article 51 (Confirmation of Use of Reclaimed Land)
The reclamation license agency may confirm whether a person who has acquired reclaimed land's ownership pursuant to Article 46 (1) 3 and his or her successor use such reclaimed land for the same purpose as that of reclamation at the time of inspection on completion referred to in Article 45, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
SECTION 5 Disposition Related to Reclamation of Public Waters
 Article 52 (Cancellation of Reclamation Licenses)
(1) In any of the following cases, a reclamation license agency may cancel a reclamation license or an implementation plan for reclamation, or order an owner or occupant of any building, installation, etc. established on public waters or a person who is entrusted with the relevant work to suspend the relevant work, or to alter, remove, repair, or recover any building or installation, or prohibit or restrict the use thereof, or order to take other necessary measures, by specifying a certain period of up to one year: Provided, That in cases of falling under subparagraph 1, the reclamation license shall be canceled: <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Where the reclamation license is granted by fraud or other improper means;
2. Where the process of reclamation works fails to meet the standards prescribed by Presidential Decree due to grounds attributable to the reclamation licensee;
3. Where the additional clauses to the reclamation license referred to in Article 29 are not performed without any justifiable grounds;
4. Where reclamation license fees referred to in Article 34 are not paid without any justifiable grounds;
5. Where the work is executed without obtaining approval of the implementation plan for reclamation;
6. Where the reclaimed land is used for such purposes as establishing buildings, installations, or other artificial structures without obtaining a use permit before an inspection on completion referred to in the proviso of Article 44 (1);
7. Where the confirmation is obtained as referred to in Article 48 (2) by fraud or other improper means;
8. Where it is necessary due to any changes to conditions directly related to public waters, such as changes in the development of related industry and the related plan of the State or a local government;
9. Other cases where it is necessary for a project that can expropriate or use land under other statutes or regulations.
(2) Where the reclamation license agency cancels a reclamation license, etc. referred to in paragraph (1), the agency shall publicly notify such fact and install the sign prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries in a place where the relevant public waters or buildings, installations, and other artificial structures are clearly visible. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(3) No person may refuse or obstruct the installation of the sign referred to in paragraph (2) or damage the installed sign.
 Article 53 (Invalidation of Reclamation Licenses)
(1) A reclamation license in any of the following cases shall lose effect: <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Where approval of an implementation plan for reclamation is not obtained within the period referred to in Article 38 (3);
2. Where reclamation works fail to start on the work commencement date determined in the implementation plan for reclamation;
3. Where reclamation works fail to be completed within the specific period determined in the implementation plan for reclamation.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) 2 or 3, where implementation plan was approved for separate zones pursuant to Article 38 (2) and the reclamation is completed for the relevant zones, the reclamation license for the zones completed shall not lose effect. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(3) Where any subparagraph referred to in paragraph (1) applies due to any cause not attributable to the reclamation licensee, such as natural disaster or force majeure, the reclamation license agency may reinstate such effect retroactively only within three months from the invalidation date of the reclamation license.
(4) Where a reclamation licensee who lost the effect of license pursuant to paragraph (1) 3 has executed reclamation works more than the construction progress determined by Presidential Decree, the reclamation license agency may reinstate such effect retroactively only within one year from the invalidation date of the reclamation license.
(5) Where the reclamation license agency reinstates any reclamation license's effect pursuant to paragraphs (3) and (4), the agency may change additional clauses to, or set new additional clauses to, such reclamation license. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
 Article 54 (Recovery)
(1) Any of the following persons (hereafter in this Article referred to as "person responsible for recovery") shall recover the relevant public waters:
1. A person who reclaims public waters without obtaining a reclamation license;
2. A person whose reclamation license loses its effect, is terminated, or is canceled for any cause attributable to him or her;
3. A person who reclaims public waters exceeding the area subject to the reclamation license.
(2) Where a person responsible for recovery fails to take measures necessary for recovery referred to in paragraph (1), the reclamation license agency may order him or her to recover public waters, specifying a certain period.
(3) Where a person who has been issued an order for recovery referred to in paragraph (2) fails to comply with it, the reclamation license agency may take measures necessary for recovery under the Administrative Vicarious Execution Act.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), where it is impossible to recover public waters, or there exist other reasons prescribed by Presidential Decree, the reclamation license agency may exempt the obligation of recovery, ex officio or upon the receipt of an application of a person responsible for recovery.
(5) Where the reclamation license agency receives an application for exemption pursuant to paragraph (4), the agency shall notify the applicant of whether to exempt him or her, within 20 days from the date of receipt of the application, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(6) Any reclaimed land, structure, installation, or other artificial structure established by a person exempted from the obligation of recovery pursuant to paragraph (4) in the zone of reclamation works may be gratuitously reverted to the State.
(7) Where the State deems it unnecessary to own the structure, installation, or other artificial structure reverted to it pursuant to paragraph (6), it may sell or lease it under the State Property Act.
(8) Paragraphs (6) and (7) shall apply mutatis mutandis to cases where a person responsible for recovery fails to comply with the order for recovery or to apply for exemption from the obligation of recovery referred to in paragraph (4) within one year from the date when he or she receives the recovery order.
(9) The reclamation license agency may require a person responsible for recovery to deposit an amount equivalent to expenses incurred in recovery in order to guarantee the fulfillment of the obligation of recovery referred to in paragraph (1): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where a person responsible for recovery is the State, a local government, or any other person prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(10) Depositing an amount for guaranteeing the fulfillment of the obligation of recovery referred to in the main clause of paragraph (9) and other matters necessary for the deposit, etc. shall be determined by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER IV SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
 Article 55 (Investigation Related to Management, Occupancy, or Use of Public Waters)
(1) The management agency of public waters may require a person who obtains an occupancy or use permit to report on the status, etc. of management, occupancy, or use of public waters, or require any related public officials to enter the place of business of a person who occupies or uses public waters or any other necessary place and to investigate the relevant person, related documents, etc., if deemed necessary for the efficient management of public waters.
(2) If deemed necessary for construction works to prevent disaster on public waters and erosion, etc. and for investigation or survey of public waters, the management agency of public waters may perform any of the following acts:
1. Entry to any land or public waters (hereafter in this Article referred to as "land, etc.") occupied by other persons;
2. Temporary use of the land, etc. as a material yard, temporary passage, or temporary road;
3. Change or removal of trees, earth and rocks, or other obstacles on the land, etc. if particularly necessary.
(3) Where the management agency of public waters intends to enter the place of business or lands, etc. of the persons occupying or using the public waters, for the investigation referred to in paragraph (1) and the investigation or survey referred to in paragraph (2), the agency shall notify in writing an occupant, user, or occupant of public waters (referring to owners, occupants, or managers of lands, etc. in cases of paragraph (2)) of the names of related public officials, the date of entry, the place of entry, and the purpose of investigation or survey, seven days prior to the investigation or survey.
(4) No person who intends to enter land, etc., pursuant to paragraph (2), shall enter the curtilage or land, etc. enclosed by a wall or fence without the consent of the owner, occupant, or manager of the land, etc. before sunrise and after sunset.
(5) Where the management agency of public waters intends to enter land, etc.; temporarily use the land, etc. as a material yard, temporary passage, or temporary road; or change or remove obstacles pursuant to paragraph (2); the agency shall obtain consent from the owner, occupant, or manager of obstacles: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the owner, occupant, or manager is not known, or there exists any unavoidable cause.
(6) Where public waters are occupied or used without obtaining an occupancy or use permit or occupied or used inconsistently with the details of the obtained occupancy or use permit, or the occupancy or use permit is confirmed to have been terminated or revoked as shown in a result of an investigation, etc. pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), the management agency of public waters shall notify the related persons of such result, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(7) Any person who intends to perform an act referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall produce a certificate indicating his or her authority to interested persons, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 56 (Report and Inspection Related to Reclamation of Public Waters)
(1) In any of the following cases, the reclamation license agency may require a reclamation licensee to submit or report necessary data, as prescribed by Presidential Decree; and require any related public officials to enter the office, business place, predetermined land to be reclaimed, reclaimed land of the reclamation licensee, or any other place and to inspect books, documents or other things or to ask questions to interested persons: <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. Where it is necessary to verify whether the details of the reclamation license are performed;
2. Where it is necessary to verify whether the implementation plan for reclamation is performed;
3. Where verification is necessary in relation to the use of the reclaimed land pursuant to Article 44.
(2) Where the reclamation license agency intends to enter the office, place of business, etc. of the reclamation licensee in order to ask questions or conduct an inspection pursuant to paragraph (1), the agency shall notify the reclamation licensee in writing of the name of related public officials, date of entry, place of entry, or purpose of inspection, seven days prior to the investigation.
(3) Article 55 (7) shall apply mutatis mutandis to a certificate, etc. of a person who enters or inspects pursuant to paragraph (1).
 Article 57 (Compensation for Losses Due to Disposition for Public Interests)
(1) Where any person suffers a loss due to an act or disposition related to occupancy, use, or reclamation of public waters, the following persons shall compensate for such loss as specified below:
1. Where a person who has the right to occupancy or use of public waters suffers a loss due to the execution of a project referred to in subparagraph 2 of Article 12: A person who implements the relevant project;
2. Where a person suffers a loss due to the disposition for public interests as referred to in Article 20: The management agency of public waters or the operator of the relevant project referred to in subparagraph 4 of Article 20;
3. Where a person suffers a loss due to a disposition under Article 52 (1) 8 and 9: The reclamation license agency or the operator of the relevant project referred to in Article 52 (1) 8 and 9;
4. Where a person suffers a loss due to the inspection or survey, etc. referred to in Article 55 (2): The management agency of public waters.
(2) The management agency of public waters, the reclamation license agency, or the project operator shall hold consultations with any person who has suffered a loss about any compensation for losses referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) Where no agreement is reached or cannot be reached following consultation referred to in paragraph (2), a ruling may be applied for to the competent land tribunal, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) The Act on Acquisition of and Compensation for Land, etc. for Public Works Projects shall apply mutatis mutandis to the compensation for losses except as otherwise provided for in this Act.
 Article 58 (Hearings)
Where the management agency of public waters intends to cancel an occupancy or use permit pursuant to Article 19 (1) or the reclamation license agency intends to issue a disposition under Articles 52 through 54, such agency shall hold a hearing.
 Article 59 (Construction and Operation of Information System for Management and Reclamation of Public Waters)
(1) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may construct and operate the information system necessary for the management, reclamation, etc. (hereinafter referred to as "information system for management of public waters") of public waters in order to effectively support the policy for management and reclamation of public waters and provide information necessary for dealing with civil petitions. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(2) Where a manager, an operator, and a user of the information system for management of public waters deal with civil petitions such as permission, license, approval, reports, investigation, issuance, and notice provided for in this Act, using the information system for management of public waters as prescribed by Presidential Decree, such civil petitions shall be deemed to have been dealt with under this Act.
(3) Matters necessary for the construction, operation, and use of the information system for management of public waters and the like shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
(4) The Minister of Oceans and Fisheries may request persons designated by Ordinance of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, such as the heads of the related administrative agencies, to submit data necessary for the construction of the information system for management of public waters. In such cases, a person who receives such request for submission of data shall follow such request in the absence of special circumstances. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
 Article 60 (Delegation of Authority)
(1) Part of the authority of the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries with respect to the management of public waters under this Act may be delegated to the Mayor/Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, the head of a Si/Gun/Gu, or the head of a relevant agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, the head of an agency affiliated with the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries may re-delegate part of his or her entrusted authority to the head of an agency under its jurisdiction after approval by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(2) Part of the authority of the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries with respect to the reclamation of public waters under this Act may be delegated to the Mayor/Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a relevant agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, the Mayor/Do Governor may re-delegate part of his or her entrusted authority to the head of a Si/Gun/Gu after approval by the Minister of Oceans and Fisheries. <Amended by Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
 Article 61 (Re-Examination of Regulation)
(1) Where a person has a right prejudiced or likely to be prejudiced due to an occupancy or use permit of public waters, or consultations or approval, the Government shall examine whether subparagraph 1 of Article 12, which requires such person’s consent, is appropriate by every fourth year from the enforcement date of this Act and determine whether to repeal, relax, or maintain such subparagraph.
(2) Where a person has a right prejudiced or likely to be prejudiced due to reclamation of public waters, the Government shall examine whether Article 30 (1) 1, which requires such person’s consent, is appropriate by every fourth year from the enforcement date of this Act and determine whether to repeal, relax, or maintain such provisions.
(3) Where a person has a right prejudiced or likely to be prejudiced due to reclamation of public waters, the Government shall examine whether Article 38 (4), which stipulates that the application for approval of an implementation plan for reclamation cannot be made unless the consent on the commencement of reclamation works is obtained from the person who has such right, compensation is made, or facility is installed, is appropriate by every fourth year from the enforcement date of this Act and determine whether to repeal, relax, or maintain such paragraph. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
CHAPTER V PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 62 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding 30 million won:
1. A person who performs a prohibited act, in violation of Article 5;
2. A person who occupies or uses public waters without an occupancy or use permit referred to in Article 8 (1);
3. A person who obtains an occupancy or use permit referred to in Article 8 (1) by fraud or other improper means;
4. A person who reclaims public waters or performs reclamation works without obtaining any reclamation license under Article 28;
5. A person who obtains a reclamation license by fraud or other improper means under Article 28;
6. A person who uses public waters by changing the purpose of reclamation, in violation of the main clause of Article 48 (1).
 Article 63 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding 20 million won:
1. A person who commences reclamation works without obtaining approval (including approval for change) of an implementation plan for reclamation referred to in Article 38;
2. A person who uses reclaimed land for such purposes as establishing buildings, installations, or other artificial structures without an use permit before an inspection on completion referred to in the proviso of Article 44 (1);
3. A person who uses reclaimed land without inspection on completion referred to in Article 45 or used reclaimed land without taking necessary measures such as supplemental works;
4. A person who uses reclaimed land or predetermined land to be reclaimed by changing the purpose of reclamation without obtaining approval for change of purpose of reclamation referred to in Article 49;
5. A person who fails to comply with an order for reinstatement referred to in Article 54 (2).
 Article 64 (Penalty Provisions)
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with labor for not more than one year or by a fine not exceeding 10 million won: <Amended by Act No. 12476, Mar. 18, 2014; Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
1. A person who fails to comply with an order issued by the management agency of public wasters under Articles 6 (1), 19 (1), and 20;
1-2. A person who occupied or used public waters without obtaining permission for change pursuant to Article 8 (4);
2. A person who has other persons occupy or use permitted public waters, in violation of the main clause of Article 8 (8);
3. A person who fails to comply with an order for reinstatement referred to in Article 21 (2);
4. A person who fails to comply with an order issued by the reclamation license agency under Article 52 (1).
 Article 65 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
When the representative of a corporation or an agent, employee, or other servant of a corporation or individual commits any violation under Articles 62 through 64 in connection with the business of such corporation or individual, not only shall such violator be punished, but the corporation or the individual shall also be punished by a fine under the relevant provisions: Provided, That this shall not apply where the corporation or the individual has not negligently failed to give proper attention and supervision to the relevant business in order to prevent such violation.
 Article 66 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any of the following persons shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding five million won:
1. Any person who fails to report the change in an occupancy or use permit of public waters, in violation of Article 9 (excluding subparagraph 3 of said Article);
2. Any person who fails to report a transfer, etc. of rights and obligations, in violation of Article 16 (2);
3. Any person who fails to receive the inspection on completion, in violation of Article 18 (1);
4. Any person who fails to report the completion of works, in violation of Article 18 (2);
5. Any person who refuses or obstructs the installation of the sign or damages any installed sign, in violation of Article 19 (3);
6. Any person who fails to report the transfer, etc. of rights and obligations, in violation of Article 43 (2);
7. Any person who uses reclaimed land or predetermined land to be reclaimed without obtaining the confirmation of the change of purpose of reclamation referred to in Article 48 (2);
8. Any person who refuses or obstructs the installation of the sign or damages any installed sign, in violation of Article 52 (3);
9. Any person who fails to report or make a false report, or refuses, obstructs, or avoids the entry or investigation referred to in Article 55 (1);
10. Any person who refuses, obstructs, or avoids the entry, temporary use, or change or removal of obstacles referred to in Article 55 (2);
11. Any person who fails to submit or report data; or submits or reports false data; or refuses, obstructs, or avoids the entry or investigation referred to in Article 56 (1).
(2) Administrative fines referred to in paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the management agency of public wasters or the reclamation license agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Repeal of Other Statutes)
The following statutes shall be repealed:
Article 3 (Applicability to Period of Occupancy or Use Permits of Public Waters)
Article 11 shall begin to apply to any application for occupancy or use permits or permission for change of public waters after this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (General Transitional Measures)
Any act by or toward the administrative agency under the previous Public Waters Management Act and the Public Waters Reclamation Act as at the time or after this Act enters into force shall be deemed an act by or toward the corresponding administrative agency under this Act.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Master Plans for Reclamation)
A master plan for reclamation established or changed under Articles 4 and 8 of the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act shall be deemed a master plan for reclamation established or changed under this Act.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Change of Reclamation License Agency)
(1) The previous Public Waters Reclamation Act shall apply to the reclamation license agency for a person who has obtained a reclamation license under the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act. <Amended by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), where the main purpose of reclamation is changed to any purpose other than agriculture or livestock industry after the Minister of Agriculture (referring to the Minister of Agriculture incumbent before the enforcement of the Government Organization Act (Act No. 8852); hereafter in this paragraph the same shall apply) issued a reclamation license with the authority entrusted by the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries under the Act in force before the Public Waters Reclamation Act (Act No. 7482) entered into force, the agency specified in the relevant subparagraph of Article 28 (1) of this Act shall be the competent reclamation license agency. In such cases, the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs who succeeded to the authority of the Minister of Agriculture shall transfer all documents regarding reclamation licenses in which the purpose of reclamation was changed (if only the purpose of reclamation of part of reclaimed land or the predetermined land to be reclaimed was changed, referring to copies of such documents) to the competent reclamation license agency specified in the subparagraphs of Article 28 (1) of this Act. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
Article 7 (Transitional Measures concerning Application for Permission)
The previous Public Waters Management Act or the Public Waters Reclamation Act shall apply to applications for any of the following permits, consultations, or approval as at the time this Act enters into force:
1. Occupancy or use permits of public waters (including permission for change) referred to in Article 5 of the previous Public Waters Management Act;
2. Consultations or approval for occupancy or use of public waters (including consultations or approval for change) referred to in Article 6 of the previous Public Waters Management Act;
3. Approval of an implementation plan for occupancy or use referred to in Article 8 of the previous Public Waters Management Act;
4. Application for use permits before inspection on completion of reclaimed land referred to in Article 24 of the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act.
Article 8 (Transitional Measures concerning Disposition)
(1) Any person who obtains a permit, etc. or report shown in the left column of the following table under the previous Public Waters Management Act as at the time or after this Act enters into force shall be deemed to obtain a permit, etc. or report shown in the right column of the following table:
Permission, etc. under the previous Public Waters Management Act Permission, etc. under this Act
1. Occupancy or use permit under Article 5 of the previous Public Waters Management Act1. Occupancy or use permit of public waters under Article 8
2. Report on change in the matters for an occupancy or use permit under Article 5-2 of the previous Public Waters Management Act2. Report on change in the matters for an occupancy or use permit under Article 9
3. Consultation or approval for occupancy or use under Article 6 of the previous Public Waters Management Act 3. Consultation or approval for occupancy or use of public waters under Article 10
4. Approval of an implementation plan under Article 8 of the previous Public Waters Management Act 4. Approval of an implementation plan for occupancy or use under Article 17
5. Inspection on completion under Article 8-2 of the previous Public Waters Management Act 5. Inspection on completion under Article 18
6. Report on transfer of rights and obligations under Article 11 (2) of the previous Public Waters Management Act 6. Report on transfer of rights and obligations under Article 16 (2)
(2) Any person who obtains a permit, etc. or report shown in the left column of the following table under the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act as at the time or after this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have obtained a permit, etc. or report shown in the right column of the following table:
Permission, etc. under the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act Permission, etc. under this Act
1. License under Article 9 of the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act1. Reclamation license under Article 28
2. Consultation or approval under Article 38 (1) of the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act2. Consultation or approval under Article 35 (1)
3. Consultation or approval under Article 38-2 of the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act3. Consultation or approval under Article 36
4. Approval of implementation plans under Article 15 of the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act4. Approval of implementation plans of public waters under Article 38
5. Report on transfer, etc. of rights and obligations under Article 23 (1) and (2) of the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act 5. Report on transfer, etc. of rights and obligations of reclamation of public waters under Article 43 (2)
6. Use permit before inspection on completion of reclaimed land under the proviso of Article 24 (1) of the previous Public Waters Reclamation Act6. Use permit before inspection on completion of reclaimed land under the proviso of Article 44 (1)
Article 9 (Transitional Measures concerning Exemption of Occupancy or Use Fees of Public Waters)
With respect to the exemption of occupancy or use fees imposed or to be imposed as at the time of the entry into force of this Act on an operator of private investment project, on a person who forms or operates a marina facility or marina industry complex within the marina zones, and on a person who installs or operates new and renewable energy facility, the previous Public Waters Management Act shall apply to part of the fees for the period before this Act enters into force and Article 13 (1) 5, 11, and 12 shall apply to part of the fees after this Act enters into force, respectively.
Article 10 (Transitional Measures concerning Restriction on Changes in Purpose of Reclamation)
(1) Where a person who has obtained a reclamation license (including a person who has acquired ownership of reclaimed land and his or her successor; hereafter in this Article the same shall apply) under the provisions of the previous Act (referring to the Public Waters Reclamation Act before said Act enters into force; hereafter in this Article the same shall apply) as at the time the Public Waters Reclamation Act (Act No. 5911) enters into force (hereafter in this Article referred to as "said Act") intends to change the purpose of reclamation, Article 21-2 of the previous Act, not the amended provisions of Articles 28 through 30 of said Act, shall apply, and Article 32 of the previous Act shall apply to a person who violates Article 21-2 of the previous Act as penalty provision.
(2) Where a person who has obtained a reclamation license under the previous Act as at the time said Act enters into force intends to apply for registration for maintenance of ownership of reclaimed land acquired by reclamation, the amended provisions of Article 26 (2) of said Act shall not apply.
(3) Where a person who has obtained a reclamation license under the previous Act as at the time said Act enters into force violates the restriction on changes in the purpose of reclamation referred to in Article 21-2 of the previous Act after approval of completion or violates additional clauses as at the time of granting the license or issuing other disposition, a disposition or order necessary to correct such violation may be issued by applying Article 28 of the previous Act; and Article 33 of the previous Act shall apply as penalty provisions of a person who violates the disposition or order referred to in Article 28 of the previous Act.
Article 11 (Special Cases concerning Reclamation Licensees)
Article 38 of the previous Act shall apply to the reclamation conducted by a government-invested institution referred to in Article 9 (6) of the previous Act (referring to the Public Waters Reclamation Act before said Act enters into force; hereafter in this Article the same shall apply) as at the time the Public Waters Reclamation Act (Act No. 8820) enters into force (hereafter in this Article referred to as "said Act"), which has been reflected in the master plan for reclamation under the previous Act or has obtained a reclamation license (including where it has been reflected in the master plan for reclamation or has been considered as if it had obtained a reclamation license): Provided, That Article 48 of this Act which is applied mutatis mutandis by Article 35 (5) of this Act shall apply to the change in the purpose of reclamation.
Article 12 (Transitional Measures concerning Penalty Provisions)
The application of penalty provisions and administrative fines to acts committed before this Act enters into force shall be governed by the previous Public Waters Management Act and the Public Waters Reclamation Act.
Article 13 Omitted.
Article 14 (Relationship to Other Statutes and Regulations)
Where other statutes and regulations cite the previous provisions of the Public Waters Management Act, the Public Waters Reclamation Act, or the relevant provisions as at the time this Act enters into force, and this Act includes the provisions corresponding to them, it shall be deemed to cite the corresponding provisions of this Act in lieu of the previous provisions.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10331, May 31, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 13 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10801, Jun. 15, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11020, Aug. 4, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 11 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 25 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12476, Mar. 18, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Penalty Provisions)
The amended provisions of subparagraph 4 of Article 64 shall begin to apply to a person who is given an order to take measures from the reclamation license agency after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12738, Jun. 3, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13186, Feb. 3, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13385, Jun. 22, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13426, Jul. 24, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 39 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14480, Dec. 27, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 14503, Dec. 27, 2016>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14605, Mar. 21, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14726, Mar. 21, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Articles 3 (1), 4 (2), 6 (1), and 8 (1) 1; subparagraphs 1 and 3 of Article 11; paragraph (1) 12 and paragraphs (2) through (5) of Article 13; Articles 22 (3) and (4), 26 (1) and (2), 28 (1), (3), and (4), 49 (3), and 60; and the amended provisions of Article 6 of the Addenda to the Public Waters Management and Reclamation Act (Act No. 10272) shall enter into force on the date of the promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Collection of Occupancy or Use Fees)
The amended provisions of the main clause, with the exception of the subparagraphs, of Article 13 (1), shall begin to apply to a case where an implementation plan is approved after this Act enters into force or where an implementation plan is deemed to have been approved under other statutes.
Article 3 (Applicability to Collection of Additional Charges for Occupancy or Use Fees)
The amended provisions of Article 13 (7) shall begin to apply to occupancy or use fees payment of which is notified after this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Applicability to Package Deal Consultation Meetings for Authorization and Permission Deemed Granted)
The amended provisions of Article 39-2 shall begin to apply to a case where a reclamation licensee applies for approval of an implementation plan after this Act enters into force.
Article 5 (Applicability to Division of Zones in Predetermined Land to Be Reclaimed and Separate Completion of Construction for Each Zone)
The amended provisions of the latter part of Article 45 (1) and Article 53 (2) shall also apply to cases where an implementation plan was approved before this Act enters into force.
Article 6 (Transitional Measures concerning Revocation of Occupancy or Use Permits)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of the proviso, with the exception of the subparagraphs, of Article 19 (1), and the proviso, with the exception of the subparagraphs, of Article 52 (1), the previous provisions shall apply to a person who has obtained an occupancy or use permit or reclamation license by fraud or other improper means.
Article 7 (Transitional Measures concerning Orders to Take Necessary Measures Such as Alteration of Buildings or Installations)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of the main clause, with the exception of the subparagraphs, of Article 52 (1), the previous provisions shall apply where a reclamation license agency ordered an owner or occupant of any building, installation, etc. established on public waters or a person who is entrusted with the relevant work to reconstruct, remove, repair, or recover any building or installation; is prohibited or restricted the use thereof; or is ordered to take other necessary measures, specifying a certain period.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15009, Oct. 31, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 15 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 15607, Apr. 17, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 16149, Dec. 31, 2018>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Reduction or Exemption of Occupancy or Use Fees)
The amended provisions of Article 13 (1) 14 shall apply retroactively from the date an area in each administrative district was designated as a special area for responding to industrial crisis, an employment crisis area, or an employment disaster area.
ADDENDA <Act No. 16501, Aug. 20, 2019>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one month after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Reporting on Transfer of Rights and Obligations in Occupancy and Use of Public Waters)
(1) The amended provisions of Articles 16 (3) and (4), 17 (5) and (6), 18 (3) and (4), and 43 (3) and (4) shall begin to apply to the reports on a transfer of rights and obligations in an occupancy or use permit of public waters, reports on implementation plans for occupancy or use of public waters, reports on completion of construction works according to an implementation plan for occupancy or use of public waters, or reports on a transfer of rights and obligations in reclamation of public waters, after this Act enters into force.
(2) The amended provisions of Article 44 (5) shall begin to apply where consultation is requested on granting a use permit before inspection on completion, after this Act enters into force.