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PROMOTION OF THE USE OF BICYCLES ACT

Act No. 4870, Jan. 5, 1995

Amended by Act No. 5069, Dec. 29, 1995

Act No. 5454, Dec. 13, 1997

Act No. 5685, Jan. 21, 1999

Act No. 5893, Feb. 8, 1999

Act No. 5911, Feb. 8, 1999

Act No. 5914, Feb. 8, 1999

Act No. 6344, Jan. 8, 2001

Act No. 6901, May 29, 2003

Act No. 6916, May 29, 2003

Act No. 7545, May 31, 2005

Act No. 7678, Aug. 4, 2005

Act No. 7970, Jul. 19, 2006

Act No. 8338, Apr. 6, 2007

Act No. 8352, Apr. 11, 2007

Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008

Act No. 9844, Dec. 29, 2009

Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010

Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011

Act No. 10898, Jul. 25, 2011

Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014

Act No. 12345, Jan. 28, 2014

Act No. 14617, Mar. 21, 2017

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

Act No. 14913, Oct. 24, 2017

Act No. 17007, Feb. 18, 2020

Act No. 17382, jun. 9, 2020

Act No. 17689, Dec. 22, 2020

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the safety and convenience of bicycle riders and to encourage bicycle riding.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 2 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act are defined as follows: <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Mar. 21, 2017; Jul. 26, 2017>
1. The term “bicycle” means a vehicle that has at least two wheels with driving gears operated by foot- or hand-pedals, a steering system, and a brake system, the size and structure of which are prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety;
1-2. The term “electronic bicycle” means a bicycle mounted with a motor to add power to that of humans, and fulfilling each of the following requirements:
a. It operates with simultaneous power generated both from pedals (including hand-pedals) and a motor, and not by a motor only;
b. The motor stops when the speed of the bicycle reaches 25 kilometers per hour;
c. The gross weight of the bicycle, including the weight of attached devices, is less than 30 kilograms;
2. The term “facility for bicycle riding” means facilities specified by Presidential Decree for the use of bicycles, including bicycle lanes and bicycle racks;
3. The term “improvement of facility for bicycle riding” means the installation, expansion, paving, maintenance, and management of facilities for bicycle riding;
4. The term “road management authority” means a road management agency under the Road Act, the head of a local government that takes charge of the maintenance and improvement of road networks in agricultural and fishing villages under the Act on the Maintenance and Improvement of Road Networks in Agricultural and Fishing Villages, or the head of a local government or central administrative agency that designates and publicly notifies routes for bicycle lanes pursuant to Article 7.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 3 (Classification of Bicycle Lanes)
Bicycle lanes shall be classified as follows: <Amended on Jun. 9, 2020>
1. Bicycle-only lane: A bicycle lane built separately from a roadway and a sidewalk with a fence, curb, or any similar fixture, only for traffic of bicycles and personal mobility under subparagraph 19-2 of Article 2 of the Road Traffic Act (hereinafter referred to as "bicycles, etc.");
2. Dual lane for traffic of bicycles and pedestrians: A bicycle lane divided or built separately from a roadway with a fence, curb, or any similar fixture, for traffic of bicycles, etc. and pedestrians;
3. Bicycle-only roadway: The portion of a roadway that is distinguished from motor vehicle lanes by a traffic lane, a safety sign-plate, or a road surface that mark only for traffic of bicycles, etc.;
4. Bicycle priority lane: A bicycle lane demarcated by a road surface marking on a certain section of roads and streets that has a motor vehicle traffic volume less than that prescribed by Presidential Decree, to ensure the safe traffic of both bicycles, etc. and motor vehicles.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 4 (Responsibility of the State and Local Governments)
(1) The State and local governments shall devise comprehensive measures to encourage bicycle riding, including improving facilities for bicycle riding and promoting the safety and convenience of bicycle riders.
(2) The State may partially subsidize local governments on costs incurred in improving facilities for bicycle riding in order to encourage the improvement of facilities for bicycle riding.
(3) If the State partially subsidize a Si, Gun, or autonomous Gu (hereinafter referred to as “Si/Gun/ Gu”) on costs pursuant to paragraph (2), each Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, and Do Governor may provide such Si/Gun/Gu, pursuant to the Subsidy Management Act, with subsidies for some of costs that should be otherwise borne by such Si/Gun/Gu.
(4) Matters necessary for encouraging bicycle riding and improving conditions therefor shall be prescribed by ordinance of each local government.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 4-2 (Designation and Commemoration of Bicycle Day)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall designate and commemorate the Bicycle Day to enhance the self-esteem of bicycle riders and encourage bicycle riding. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Matters necessary for the designation and commemoration of the Bicycle Day shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
CHAPTER II IMPROVEMENT OF FACILITIES FOR BICYCLE RIDING
 Article 5 (Formulation of Bicycling Encouragement Plans)
(1) Each Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Special Self-Governing City Mayor, Do Governor, Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as “Mayor/Do Governor”) and the head of each Si/Gun/autonomous Gu (hereinafter referred to as “head of a Si/Gun/ Gu”) shall formulate a bicycling encouragement plan (hereinafter referred to as “encouragement plan”) every five years, after seeking opinions from the Commissioner of the competent City/Do police agency, the chief of the competent police station, the Administrator of the competent Regional Construction Management Administration, etc., as prescribed by Presidential Decree. The same shall also apply to any revision to important matters prescribed by Presidential Decree in such encouragement plan. <Amended on Dec. 22, 2020>
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in cases of national highways for which the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport is the road management authority under Article 23 (1) 1 of the Road Act, the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport may formulate an encouragement plan after seeking opinions from Mayors/Do Governors. <Amended on Apr. 14, 2011>
(3) Each encouragement plan shall include the following matters. In such cases, any matter related to a Si/Gun plan among matters included in an encouragement plan shall be in compliance with the National Land Planning and Utilization Act:
1. Basic direction-setting for the improvement of facilities for bicycle riding;
2. An annual encouragement plan;
3. A plan for securing the safety of bicycle riders;
4. Other matters specified by Presidential Decree.
(4) If it is necessary to connect bicycle lanes with those under control of a neighboring local government in formulating an encouragement plan, a Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall consult with the head of such neighboring local government, as prescribed by Presidential Decree; and if a Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or the head of a Si/Gun intends to formulate an encouragement plan within a national highway or local highway in a Eup/Myeon, he or she shall consult in advance with the competent road management authority.
(5) When a Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu has formulated an encouragement plan, he or she shall report it to the Minister of the Interior and Safety or the competent Mayor/Do Governor (excluding any Special Self-Governing City Mayor and Special Self-Governing Province Governor; hereafter the same shall apply in this paragraph) without delay. In such cases, the Mayor/Do Governor may request the head of the Si/Gun/Gu to adjust the relevant encouragement plan if it fails to conform to the encouragement plan that he or she has already formulated. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 6 (Public Announcement and Inspection of Encouragement Plans)
A Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall make a public announcement of his or her encouragement plan, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety, and make it available to the general public for inspection in the relevant Special Metropolitan City, Metropolitan City, Special Self-Governing City, Do, Special Self-Governing Province, Si (including any administrative city under Article 10 (2) of the Special Act on the Establishment of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province and the Development of Free International City)/Gun/Gu, and non-autonomous Gu. The same shall also apply to any revision to such encouragement plan. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 24, 2015; Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 7 (Designation of Routes for Bicycle Lanes)
(1) Where a Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu has installed or intends to install a bicycle lane, he or she shall designate the route and give public notice thereof, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. The foregoing shall also apply to any alteration or cancellation of the bicycle lane route that has been designated and publicly notified. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), with regard to a bicycle lane that has been installed by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and for which the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport has formulated an encouragement plan, he or she shall designate the route and give public notice thereof.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 7-2 (Designation of Traffic-Restricted Sections for Personal Mobility)
(1) Any road management authority may prohibit or restrict the traffic of personal mobility by designating certain sections of bicycle roads in order to ensure safe and smooth flow of traffic on bicycle roads.
(2) Where a road management authority designates any section for prohibition or restriction of the traffic of personal mobility under paragraph (1), it shall seek opinions according to the following classification: <Amended on Dec. 22, 2020>
1. If the road management authority is the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport: The Commissioner General of the Korean National Police Agency;
2. Where the road management authority is a Mayor/Do Governor: The competent City/Do police agency;
3. Where a road management authority is the head of a Si/Gun/Gu: The chief of the competent police station.
(3) Where a road management authority designates any section for prohibition or restriction of the traffic of personal mobility under paragraph (1), it shall publicly notify such section, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. The same shall also apply to the alteration or revocation of the designation.
(4) A road management authority shall install safety signs at the entrance of sections where the traffic of personal mobility is prohibited or restricted, or at other necessary places, specifying that the traffic of personal mobility is prohibited or restricted.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Jun. 9, 2020]
 Article 8 (Reflection in Si/Gun Plans)
When the head of an administrative agency formulates any of the following plans, he or she shall include plans to facilitate the use of bicycles and to expand and improve facilities for bicycle riding, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: <Amended on Mar. 21, 2017>
1. A Si/Gun plan under the National Land Planning and Utilization Act;
2. A master plan for the improvement of urban traffic systems under the Urban Traffic Improvement Promotion Act;
3. A plan for the development of housing sites, a plan for the development of an industrial or tourism complex, or a plan for the installation, expansion, or renovation of public roads.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 9 (Structure of Facilities for Bicycle Riding and Standards for Facilities)
The structure of facilities for bicycle riding and standards for such facilities shall be prescribed by Joint Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 10 (Maintenance of Facilities for Bicycle Riding)
(1) Facilities for bicycle riding shall be maintained by each road management authority, except as otherwise provided by this Act or any other Act.
(2) When a road management authority seeks to install, alter or cancel a bicycle lane on a roadway, it shall consult in advance with the Commissioner of the competent City/Do police agency or the chief of the competent police station. <Amended on Dec. 22, 2020>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 10-2 (Public Bicycle Leasing Services)
(1) A Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may engage in public bicycle leasing services (referring to the business of leasing bicycles owned or managed by a local government upon collection of rates from the users to make those bicycles available for general public use) to facilitate the use of bicycles.
(2) Matters necessary for public bicycle leasing services under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by ordinance of each relevant local government to the extent specified by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 11 (Installation and Operation of Bicycle Racks)
(1) Where a Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu intends to establish an on-road parking lot under Article 7 of the Parking Lot Act, he or she shall install bicycle racks on or in the vicinity of the road, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) At each off-road parking lot established under Articles 12 and 12-3 of the Parking Lot Act, bicycle racks shall be installed, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply to the off-road parking lots prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Any person that intends to build or set up a facility under Article 19 of the Parking Lot Act and any project undertaker obligated to install a parking lot in accordance with the housing construction standards, etc. under Article 35 of the Housing Act shall install bicycle parking lots, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended on Jan. 19, 2016>
(4) Matters necessary for the management, operation, etc. of bicycle racks under paragraphs (1) through (3) shall be prescribed by ordinance of each relevant local government to the extent specified by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 11-2 (Ensuring Safety on Bicycle Lanes)
A Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, and the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall guide citizens not to leave objects, etc. that could impede the traffic of bicycles, etc. on bicycle lanes. <Amended on Jun. 9, 2020>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 11-3 (Installation of Bicycle Racks Inside Means of Public Transportation)
(1) In order to allow bicycle riders to carry bicycles onboard to use a means of public transportation (referring to urban railroad trains and railroad trains under subparagraph 2 (b) and (c) of Article 2 of the Act on the Support and Promotion of Utilization of Mass Transit System; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article), the State and local governments may encourage providers of public transportation services to install bicycle racks that can hold bicycles inside the means of public transportation that he or she operates.
(2) The State and local governments may fully or partially subsidize the person installing the bicycle racks pursuant to paragraph (1) for the expenses incurred in the installation within the budget.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 11-4 (Installation of Charging Stations for Electronic Bicycles)
(1) A Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may install charging stations for electronic bicycles at bicycle parking lots or other necessary places.
(2) Matters necessary for installation and operation of the charging stations under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by ordinance of local governments.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Mar. 21, 2017]
 Article 12 (Improvement by Public Project Implementers of Facilities for Bicycle Riding)
Any project operator that installs, expands, or renovates a road or that develops a housing site, industrial complex, tourism complex, or any similar complex shall install bicycle lanes, subject to approval from the competent road management authority, in accordance with the encouragement plan, etc. under Articles 5 and 8, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where any reason specified by Presidential Decree exists otherwise. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 13 (Preparation and Preservation of Register of Bicycle Lanes)
(1) A Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, and the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall prepare and keep a register of bicycle lanes, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) A Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall endeavor to make and distribute maps of bicycle lanes that include bicycle pathways, bicycle crossings, parking racks and related traffic facilities, which are all adjacent thereto, mainly focusing on the routes of bicycle lanes under Article 7.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 13-2 (Operation of Bicycle Repair and Maintenance Centers)
(1) A Special Self-Governing City Mayor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor, and the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may install and operate bicycle repair and maintenance centers at community centers, multipurpose social welfare centers, etc.
(2) Matters necessary for the operation of bicycle repair and maintenance centers shall be prescribed by ordinance of each local government.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 14 (Legal Fiction of Authorization and Permission under other Statutes)
(1) If the route of a bicycle lane is designated and publicly notified pursuant to Article 7, the following permission, license, decision, authorization, approval, etc. shall be deemed granted:
1. Permission to execute river works under Article 30 of the River Act, permission to occupy and use a river under Article 33 of the same Act, or permission to use river water under Article 50 of the same Act;
2. Permission to occupy and use public waters under Article 8 of the Public Waters Management and Reclamation Act and a reclamation license of public waters under Article 28 of the same Act;
3. Permission for or reporting on cutting standing timber or any similar activity under Article 36 (1) or (4) of the Creation and Management of Forest Resources Act or under Article 9 (2) of the Forest Protection Act;
4. Permission to lumber standing trees or bamboo or perform any similar activity under Article 14 of the Work against Erosion Control Work Act, or cancellation of designation of any land treated for erosion or collapse control under Article 20 of the same Act;
5. Permission to convert farmland under Article 34 (1) of the Farmland Act;
6. Determination of park planning under Articles 12 through 14 of the Natural Parks Act.
(2) Any road management authority that seeks to execute construction works for a bicycle lane or to approve the installation of a bicycle lane pursuant to Article 12 shall consult with related agencies in advance, if any matter specified in any of the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) is involved.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 14-2 (Evaluation of Implementation Status of Measures to Encourage Bicycle Riding)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety may evaluate the implementation status, etc. of measures taken by local governments for encouragement of bicycle riding. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) Local governments whose results of evaluation under paragraph (1) turned out to be excellent may be provided with budget support, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 14-3 (Preparation and Publication of Bicycle-related Statistics)
(1) The Minister of the Interior and Safety shall prepare and publish statistics including each of the following matters (hereinafter referred to as “bicycle-related statistics) on a regular basis, to devise measures to facilitate use of bicycles: <Amended on Mar. 21, 2017; Jul. 26, 2017>
1. Current state of facility for bicycle riding, including current routes and traffic of bicycle roads, and bicycle parking lots installed;
2. Current state of use of bicycles, including distribution rates, and ratio of bicycle use among transportation means;
3. Current state of public bicycles in use or abandoned;
4. Other data deemed necessary by the Minister of the Interior and Safety for facilitation of bicycle riding.
(2) When deemed necessary for preparation of bicycle-related statistics, the Minister of the Interior and Safety may request the head of a local government or any other related agency, including a road management authority, to provide necessary data or information. In such cases, the head of the agency who receives the request shall comply with it unless there is good cause. <Amended on Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The cycle and method of preparing, and the method of publishing, the bicycle-related statistics under paragraph (1) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Jan. 27, 2016]
CHAPTER III MEANS OF OPERATING BICYCLES
 Article 15 Deleted. <Dec. 29, 2009>
 Article 16 Deleted. <Jan. 21, 1999>
 Article 17 Deleted. <Dec. 29, 2009>
 Article 18 Deleted. <Dec. 29, 2009>
 Article 19 Deleted. <Jan. 21, 1999>
 Article 20 (Prohibition on Abandonment of Bicycles without Permission)
(1) No one shall abandon a bicycle without permission on a road or bicycle rack or at any other public place, in a manner that causes interruption to traffic.
(2) A Special Self-Governing City Mayor or Special Self-Governing Province Governor may move, store, sell, or otherwise dispose of any bicycle that violates paragraph (1), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended on Feb. 18, 2020>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 20-2 (Safety Requirement for Electronic Bicycles)
(1) Electronic bicycles shall fulfill the safety requirements prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety in terms of the structure and performance, etc. <Amended on Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) No one shall modify electronic bicycles in such a way that result in failure to fulfill safety requirements.
(3) No one shall ride electronic bicycles failing to fulfill the safety requirements on bicycle roads.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Mar. 21, 2017]
 Article 21 (Education for Bicycle Riding)
(1) The head of each elementary or secondary school shall provide education on traffic safety relating to bicycle riding within the extent prescribed by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
(2) Each Mayor/Do Governor and the head of each Si/Gun/Gu shall provide education on traffic safety relating to bicycle riding, etc. to residents.
(3) Education on traffic safety referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall include the following: <Newly Inserted on Oct. 24, 2017>
1. Principles and methods of bicycle traffic;
2. Traffic regulations on bicycles, such as obligations to be complied with by drivers;
3. Methods of inspecting and managing bicycles;
4. Other matters necessary for the safe use of bicycles.
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
 Article 22 (Registration of Bicycles)
(1) Any person that has a bicycle may register his or her bicycle with the head of the competent Si (limited to a Si with no Gu therein, but including an administrative city under Article 11 (2) of the Special Act on the Establishment of Jeju Special Self-Governing Province and the Development of Free International City; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article and Article 23)/Gun/Gu (including a non-autonomous Gu; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article and Article 23), as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 24, 2015; Jul. 26, 2017>
(2) The head of a Si/Gun/Gu may grant registration numbers for bicycles registered under paragraph (1) and attach devices prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety to prevent theft of and to discern bicycles. <Amended on Jan. 27, 2016; Jul. 26, 2017>
(3) The Minister of the Interior and Safety may establish and operate information systems for efficient integration and management of bicycle registration information under paragraphs (1) and (2). In such cases, the Minister of the Interior and Safety may share bicycle registration information with related central administrative agencies, local governments and police stations, for matters such as recovery of stolen bicycles and management of abandoned bicycles. <Newly Inserted on Jan. 27, 2016; Jul. 26, 2017>
(4) Matters necessary for establishment and operation of the information systems under paragraph (3) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Newly Inserted on Jan. 27, 2016; Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
[Title Amended on Jan. 27, 2016]
 Article 22-2 (Restriction to Electronic Bicycle Riding)
The guardian of a child under age 13 shall not allow the child to ride electronic bicycles.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Mar. 21, 2017]
 Article 23 (Delegation of Authority)
The head of a Si/Gun/Gu may delegate his or her affairs concerning the registration of bicycles under Article 22 to the heads of Eups/Myeons/Dongs, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior and Safety. <Amended on Nov. 19, 2014; Jul. 26, 2017>
[This Article Wholly Amended on Jan. 28, 2014]
CHAPTER IV PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 24 (Penalty Provisions)
Anyone who modifies electronic bicycles in such a way that results in failure to fulfill the safety requirements in violation of Article 20-2 (2) shall be punished by imprisonment with labor not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding five million won.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Mar. 21, 2017]
 Articles 25 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Anyone who rides an electronic bicycle failing to fulfill the safety requirements on bicycle roads in violation of Article 20-2 (3) shall be subject to an administrative fine of up to 500,000 won.
(2) The administrative fine under paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by a Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Mar. 21, 2017]
CHAPTER V Deleted.
 Article 26 Deleted. <Dec. 29, 2009>
 Article 27 Deleted. <Dec. 29, 2009>
 Article 28 Deleted. <Dec. 29, 2009>
 Article 29 Deleted. <Dec. 29, 2009>
ADDENDA <Act No. 4870, Jan. 5, 1995>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measure concerning Bicycle Lanes) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor or each Metropolitan City Mayor or the head of Si/Gun shall establish an improvement plan under Article 5 within two years after this Act enters into force with regard to bicycle lanes already constructed at the time when this Act enters into force, and the public notice given with regard to such an improvement plan is deemed the designation of a route made with regard to the relevant bicycle lanes pursuant to Article 7 (1).
(3) (Transitional Measure concerning Off-Road Parking Lots) Article 11 shall also apply to off-road parking lots already built pursuant to Article 12 (1) or 12-3 (2) of the Parking Lot Act at the time when this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5069, Dec. 29, 1995>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on March 1, 1996.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 5454, Dec. 13, 1997>
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1998. (Proviso Omitted.)
ADDENDUM <Act No. 5685, Jan. 21, 1999>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5893, Feb. 8, 1999>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5911, Feb. 8, 1999>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5914, Feb. 8, 1999>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 6344, Jan. 8, 2001>
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 6901, May 29, 2003>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 6916, May 29, 2003>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 13 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7545, May 31, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7678, Aug. 4, 2005>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 12 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 7970, Jul. 19, 2006>
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8338, Apr. 6, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 17 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8352, Apr. 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 16 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9844, Dec. 29, 2009>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Designation of Lanes) Any routes for bicycle lanes designated under Article 7 as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed routes for bicycle lanes designated under the amended provisions of Article 7.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Penal Provisions and Offences) The previous provisions shall apply to the penal provisions and offences committed before this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10272, Apr. 15, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 14 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10599, Apr. 14, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10898, Jul. 25, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12248, Jan. 14, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 25 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12345, Jan. 28, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That Article 2 (5) of these Addenda shall enter into force on July 15, 2014.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12844, Nov. 19, 2014>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the provisions amending Acts that were promulgated before this Act enters into force but have yet to enter into force, among the Acts amended pursuant to Article 6 of the Addenda, shall enter into force on the respective date the relevant Act enters into force.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13426, Jul. 24, 2015>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 39 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13805, Jan. 19, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on August 12, 2016.
Articles 2 through 22 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 13833, Jan. 27, 2016>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14617, Mar. 21, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among the Acts amended under Article 5 of the Addenda, amendments to an Act, which was promulgated before this Act enters into force but the date on which it enters into force has yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the enforcement date of the relevant Act.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 14913, Oct. 24, 2017>
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 17007, Feb. 18, 2020>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2021. (Proviso Omitted.)
Article 2 (Preliminary Measures to Transfer Affairs)
(1) The head of a relevant central administrative agency shall formulate necessary measures to provide required personnel and financial resources necessary for a full-scale transfer of the central administrative authority and affairs under this Act and shall report said measures to a standing committee of the National Assembly not later than three months before the date of entry into force of this Act.
(2) The Committee on Autonomous Decentralization under Article 44 of the Special Act on Local Autonomy and Decentralization, and Restructuring of Local Administrative Systems may specialize in investigating and evaluating required personnel and financial resources under paragraph (1).
Article 3 (General Transitional Measures concerning Administrative Dispositions)
Any disposition or other acts taken or conducted by an administrative agency under the previous provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed a disposition or acts taken or conducted by an administrative agency under the provisions of this Act; and any application, report, or other acts filed with or conducted toward an administrative agency under the previous provisions shall be deemed an application, report, or acts filed with or conducted toward an administrative agency under the provisions of this Act.
Article 4 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 17382, Jun. 9, 2020>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 17689, Dec. 22, 2020>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2021.
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.