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ACT ON THE PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES, REMEDY AGAINST INFRINGEMENT OF THEIR RIGHTS

Act No. 8341, Apr. 10, 2007

Amended by Act No. 8974, Mar. 21, 2008

Act No. 9705, May 22, 2009

Act No. 10280, May 11, 2010

Act No. 10465, Mar. 29, 2011

Act No. 10789, jun. 7, 2011

Act No. 11522, Oct. 22, 2012

Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013

Act No. 12035, Aug. 13, 2013

Act No. 12365, Jan. 28, 2014

Act No. 13978, Feb. 3, 2016

Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017

Act No. 14893, Sep. 19, 2017

Act No. 15272, Dec. 19, 2017

Act No. 16740, Dec. 3, 2019

Act No. 17344, jun. 9, 2020

Act No. 17792, Dec. 29, 2020

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
 Article 1 (Purpose)
The purpose of this Act is to prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability in all aspects of life, and to effectively safeguard the rights and interests of individuals discriminated against on the ground of disability, thus enabling them to fully participate in society and establish their right to equality which will ensure their human dignity and sense of value.
 Article 2 (Disability and Persons with Disabilities)
(1) A disability which is a basis of any discriminatory act prohibited under this Act means a physical or mental impairment or loss of function that substantially limits an individual's personal or social activities for an extended period of time.
(2) Persons with disabilities mean individuals with disabilities described in paragraph (1).
 Article 3 (Definitions)
The terms used in this Act are defined as follows. <Amended on Mar. 21, 2008; May 22, 2009; May 11, 2010; Mar. 29, 2011; Jun. 7, 2011; Mar. 23, 2013; Feb. 3, 2016; Sep. 19, 2017; Jun. 9, 2020>
1. The term "advertisement" means labeling or advertisement under subparagraphs 1 and 2 of Article 2 of the Act on Fair Labeling and Advertising;
2. The term "guide dog" means a guide dog for a person with a disability under Article 40 of the Act on Welfare of Persons with Disabilities;
3. The term "auxiliary equipment for persons with disabilities, etc." means auxiliary aids for persons with disabilities under Article 65 of the Act on Welfare of Persons with Disabilities, as well as motor vehicles and other devices to assist activities of such persons. The detailed scope of such motor vehicles and other devices shall be determined by Presidential Decree, taking into account relations with the provisions on assistive technology devices at work under Article 21 (1) 2 of the Act on the Employment Promotion and Vocational Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities and telecommunication devices under Article 9 of the Act on Narrowing of the Digital Divide, details prescribed by other relevant statutes and the related provisions set forth in this Act;
4. The term "public institutions" means the State, local governments and other public organizations defined by Presidential Decree;
5. The term "employer" means an employer under Article 2 (1) 2 of the Labor Standards Act or a business operation manager, or a person acting for and on behalf of an employer on matters regarding employees;
6. The term "educational institutions" means nursery schools under the Infant Care Act, various levels of schools under the Early Childhood Education Act, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the Higher Education Act, lifelong educational establishments under the Lifelong Education Act, education and training institutions as evaluated and approved by the Minister of Education under the Act on Recognition of Credits, Etc., vocational education and training institutions under the Vocational Education and Training Promotion Act, and other institutions defined by Presidential Decree;
7. The term "education officer" means the head or the operating officer of an educational institution;
8. The term "information" is classified as follows:
(a) The term "electronic information" means information under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Framework Act on Intelligent Informatization. In such cases, "natural or juridical persons" shall be deemed to include public institutions under this Act;
(b) The term "non-electronic information" means any information other than information defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Framework Act on Intelligent Informatization, which includes all kinds of data and knowledge processed by verbal or non-verbal means, such as voice, writing, Korean sign language, braille, body gestures and signs, irrespective of whether the person involved in its production, acquisition, processing, and possession is a natural or juridical person or a public institution;
(c) The term "personal information" means personal information under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Personal Information Protection Act;
9. The term "telecommunication" means telecommunication under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Framework Act on Intelligent Informatization, irrespective of whether the entity concerned is a natural or juridical person or a public institution;
10. The term "cultural and artistic activities" means activities concerning literature, art (including applied art), music, dance, theater, film, entertainment, traditional music, photography, architecture, language, and publication under Article 2 (1) 1 of the Culture and Arts Promotion Act;
11. The term "cultural and artistic business operator" means a person engaged in any and all acts in fields with cultural or artistic elements, including planning, development, production, creation, exhibition, distribution and marketing;
12. The term "tourism activity" means using tourism business services, etc. or any facility in connection with tourism under subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Tourism Promotion Act;
13. The term "physical exercise" means any and all physical activities deemed to be sports, including physical exercise and physical education under Article 2 of the National Sports Promotion Act, play, game, sports, leisure, and recreation;
14. The term "home and family" means home and family under subparagraphs 1 and 2 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Healthy Homes;
15. The term "welfare facilities, etc." means facilities where persons with disabilities live on a short-or long-term basis, including social welfare facilities under Article 34 of the Social Welfare Services Act, welfare facilities for persons with disabilities under Article 58 of the Act on Welfare of Persons with Disabilities, and facilities accommodating one or more persons with disabilities without reporting;
16. The term "buildings" means buildings, living rooms and main structural parts under Article 2 (1) 2, 6 and 7 of the Building Act;
17. The term "means of mobility, transportation, etc." means streets and sidewalks used by people on a daily basis, as well as means of transportation and passenger facilities under subparagraphs 2 and 3 of Article 2 of the Act on Promotion of the Transportation Convenience of Mobility Disadvantaged Persons;
18. The term "right to health" means the right to live a healthy life, including the right to receive medical services, through the creation of desirable environment for health education, the prevention and treatment of diseases and secondary disabilities caused by existing disabilities, nutritional improvement and practicing healthy living;
19. The term "medical persons, etc." means persons engaged in providing healthcare for persons with disabilities, including medical persons under Article 2 (1) of the Medical Service Act, physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, counselors, and technicians for artificial limbs or auxiliary aids, who have obtained a license or permit as required by the State or any related association;
20. The term "medical institutions, etc." means medical institutions under Article 3 of the Medical Service Act, healthcare institutions where medical persons provide services for the health of persons with disabilities, treatment institutions, pharmacies, and other institutions defined in related statutes;
21. The term "harrassment, etc." means physical, mental, emotional or verbal acts committed against a person with a disability in the form of organized exclusion, neglect, abandonment, aggravation, harrassment, abuse, monetary extortion, and infringement on the right to sexual self-determination.
 Article 4 (Discriminatory Acts)
(1) A discriminatory act prohibited under this Act means:
1. Treating persons with disabilities unfavorably by means of restriction, exclusion, segregation or denial on the ground of such disabilities without justifiable grounds;
2. Applying disability-blind standards that cause persons with disabilities to be unfairly treated without justifiable grounds, despite the absence of explicitly unfavorable treatment, such as restriction, exclusion, segregation or denial;
3. Refusing to provide legitimate convenience to persons with disabilities without justifiable grounds;
4. Directly placing, or permitting or promoting to place, any advertisement that indicates or encourages unfavorable treatment of persons with disabilities, such as restriction, exclusion, segregation or denial of such persons, without justifiable grounds. In such cases, an advertisement shall include any act normally considered to have the effect of advertising that causes unfair treatment of persons with disabilities;
5. Committing any act defined in subparagraphs 1 through 4 against individuals representing or accompanying persons with disabilities for the purpose of helping such persons (including guardians or protectors of children with disabilities or other persons reasonably recognized to help persons with disabilities; hereinafter referred to as "persons related to persons with disabilities"). In such cases, any act committed by persons related to persons with disabilities against such persons shall be subject to the determination of a discriminatory act prohibited under this Act;
6. Interfering with the rightful use of guide dogs or auxiliary equipment for persons with disabilities, etc., or committing any act prohibited under subparagraph 4 against guide dogs or auxiliary equipment for persons with disabilities, etc.
(2) "Legitimate convenience" in paragraph (1) 3 means any or all human and material arrangements and measures that will lead persons with disabilities to participate in activities on an equal basis with persons without disabilities, including convenient facilities, equipment, tools and services designed to take into account the gender of a person with a disability, as well as the type, degree and nature of a disability.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), where any of the following justifiable grounds exists, such act shall not be deemed a discriminatory act:
1. Refraining from any discriminatory act prohibited under paragraph (1) might incur an excessive burden or undue hardship;
2. Discriminatory acts prohibited under paragraph (1) is inevitable due to the nature of particular duties or business operations. In such cases, the nature of particular duties or business operations shall be deemed to apply to services, including education.
(4) Affirmative measures taken for accomplishing genuine equality rights for, and eliminating discrimination against, persons with disabilities in accordance with this Act, any other Acts or subordinate statutes shall not be deemed discrimination under this Act.
 Article 5 (Findings of Discrimination)
(1) Where two or more causes of discrimination exist and a disability is deemed to be a primary basis, such act shall be deemed discrimination under this Act.
(2) In finding discrimination for the purposes of this Act, the gender of a person with a disability, as well as the type, degree and nature of his/her disability shall be fully considered.
 Article 6 (Prohibition of Discrimination)
No person may discriminate against anyone based on his/her disability, previous disability, or presumed disability.
 Article 7 (Rights of Self-Determination and Selection)
(1) Persons with disabilities shall have the right to make their own choices and decisions in all aspects of their lives subject to their determinations.
(2) Persons with disabilities shall have the right to be provided with services and information necessary to ensure the same rights of selection with persons without disabilities.
 Article 8 (Duties of the State and Local Governments)
(1) The State and local governments shall be responsible for preventing any discrimination against persons with disabilities and persons related to persons with disabilities and providing remedies for infringement of rights of persons with disabilities discriminated against, and take affirmative measures to rectify discrimination described in this Act for the purpose of substantively eliminating discrimination against persons with disabilities.
(2) The State and local governments shall render technical, administrative and financial assistance so that persons with disabilities may be provided with legitimate convenience.
 Article 8-2 (Fact-Finding Survey)
(1) The Minister of Health and Welfare shall conduct a survey on the implementation of this Act every three years and publicize the results to secure basic data necessary for the establishment and implementation of a policy to eliminate discrimination against persons with disabilities.
(2) The Minister of Health and Welfare may request the submission of data or statements of opinions to public institutions, related institutions, facilities, or corporations, if necessary for the survey under paragraph (1). In such cases, the head of a public institution, etc. in receipt of such request shall comply therewith, unless there is a compelling reason not to do so.
(3) Matters necessary for the details, methods, etc. of fact-finding surveys under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Dec. 3, 2019]
 Article 9 (Relationship to Other Statutes)
Except as provided for in this Act, the prohibition of discrimination based on disabilities and remedies for infringement of rights shall be governed by the National Human Rights Commission Act.
CHAPTER II PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION
SECTION 1 Employment
 Article 10 (Prohibition of Discrimination)
(1) No employer may engage in any discriminatory practice against any person with a disability in terms of recruitment and hiring, wage and benefit plans, job training, placement, promotion or transfer, nor retirement, resignation or layoff.
(2) No labor union under subparagraph 4 of Article 2 of the Trade Union and Labor Relations Adjustment Act may reject the admission of any worker with a disability into a union, or treat his/her differently in regard to his/her rights and activities as a member.
 Article 11 (Duty to Provide Legitimate Convenience)
(1) Each employer shall provide the following legitimate convenience to persons with disabilities so that they can work on an equal basis with persons without disabilities in performing their respective duties: <Amended on Feb. 3, 2016>
1. Installing or remodelling facilities or devices;
2. Modifying or adjusting working hours to accommodate rehabilitation, function tests, treatment, etc.;
3. Providing training opportunities or legitimate convenience in training;
4. Modifying instruction manuals or reference materials;
5. Improving examination or evaluation procedures;
6. Installing and operating auxiliary equipment for persons with disabilities, such as screen readers and enlargement programs, paperless braille handsets, magnifying readers, and print-to-voice converters, and placing support staff, including readers and Korean sign language interpreters.
(2) No employer may assign any person with a disability to different tasks against his/her will on the basis of disability without justifiable grounds.
(3) The details of legitimate convenience to be provided by an employer in accordance with paragraph (1) and the workplaces covered in each phase of implementation shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 12 (Prohibition of Medical Examination)
(1) No employer may conduct a pre-employment medical examination to find whether the applicant is a person with a disability: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where such examination is required in the nature of assigned duties or for placement, etc.
(2) The expenses to be incurred in conducting medical examinations under the proviso to paragraph (1) shall, in principle, be borne by the employer. Necessary matters concerning the method of bearing expenses by an employer and subsidization thereto shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) No employer may disclose personal information about the health conditions, disabilities or previous disabilities of persons with disabilities which has come to his/her knowledge under the proviso to paragraph (1).
SECTION 2 Education
 Article 13 (Prohibition of Discrimination)
(1) No education officer may refuse an application for enrollment or enrollment of any person with a disability or compel him/her to transfer to another school, while no nursery schools under the Infant Care Act and various levels of schools under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act shall refuse transfers of persons with disabilities to such educational institutions. <Amended on Jun, 7, 2011>
(2) The head of an educational institution under paragraph (1) shall comply with Article 17 of the Act on Special Education for Persons with Disabilities, Etc. <Amended on May 11, 2010>
(3) No education officer may refuse a request made by any person with a disability enrolled at the relevant educational institution and his/her guardians for the provisions of convenience defined in the subparagraphs of Article 14 (1) without justifiable grounds.
(4) No education officer may restrict, exclude or refuse the participation of persons with disabilities in all within and outside school activities, including specific lessons, experiments, training, field trips and educational trips, by reason of their disabilities.
(5) Education officers shall provide career planning and information suitable for the abilities and characteristics of persons with disabilities in regard to job training, career planning and information provision.
(6) No education officers and school personnel shall insult nor disparage persons with disabilities attending the relevant educational institutions and persons related to persons with disabilities, special education instructors, special education assistants, or persons in charge of matters regarding persons with disabilities.
(7) No education officer may, when a person with a disability applies for enrollment, require additional documents or application documents in a separate form, not required for applicants without disabilities, or a separate interview, physical examination or additional test only targeting persons with disabilities (hereinafter referred to as "additional documents, etc."): Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the request for additional documents, etc. is explicitly intended to provide education suited to the characteristics of persons with disabilities.
(8) In providing education to persons with disabilities under Article 3 (1) of the Act on Special Education for Persons with Disabilities, Etc., neither State nor local government shall violate the number of class hours required by relevant school curricula without justifiable grounds. <Amended on May 11, 2010>
 Article 14 (Duty to Provide Legitimate Convenience)
(1) Each education officer shall actively develop and enforce the following measures in order to ensure that students with disabilities of his/her educational institution should not be penalized in educational activities: <Amended on Jan. 28, 2014; Feb. 3, 2016; Dec. 19, 2017>
1. Renting and repairing various types of transportation aids to ensure that students with disabilities are not put at a disadvantage in terms of their commuting to, and mobility and access within, educational institutions;
2. Assigning teaching assistants, if required by students with disabilities and persons related to students with disabilities;
3. Renting magnifying readers, hearing aids, height adjustable desks, and various supplementary or alternative communication tools, and assigning guide dogs or securing space for wheelchair access, for the purpose of addressing disadvantages in participating in learning based on disability;
4. Providing communication tools and various auxiliary equipment for persons with disabilities, etc. necessary to educate persons with visual or hearing impairments, including Korean sign language interpretation, voice-to-writing conversion (stenography), braille materials and materials containing print accessibility barcodes (referring to electronic indications prescribed by Presidential Decree such as voice conversion codes; hereinafter the same shall apply), captions, large typeset materials, screen readers and enlargement programs, hearing aids, paperless braille handsets, and print-to-voice converters;
5. Offering appropriate teaching and evaluation methods through learning diagnosis in applying school curricula;
6. Addressing other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree as necessary to prevent disadvantages to educational activities of students with disabilities.
(2) In order to conduct the affairs necessary to take measures under the subparagraphs of paragraph (1), each education officer shall designate a department or a person in charge of supporting students with disabilities.
(3) In applying paragraph (1), the scope of applicable educational institutions for each phase of implementation and matters necessary for the establishment, placement, control, supervision, etc. of a department or a person in charge of supporting students with disabilities under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
SECTION 3 Provision and Use of Goods and Services
 Article 15 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Provision of Goods and Services)
(1) No provider of goods, services, etc. may provide persons with disabilities with goods, services, benefits, convenience, etc. which would bring benefits unequal to those to be provided to persons without disabilities in substance on the ground of such disabilities.
(2) No provider of goods, services, etc. may deprive persons with disabilities of an opportunity to benefit from using such goods, services, etc.
 Article 16 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Sale, Purchase or Lease of Land or Building)
No owner or manager of any land or building may restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities from the sale, purchase, lease, occupation or use of such land or building without justifiable grounds.
 Article 17 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Provision of Financial Products and Services)
No provider of financial products and services may restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities in extending monetary loans, issuing credit cards, and offering insurance policies without justifiable grounds.
 Article 18 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Access to and Use of Buildings)
(1) No owner or manager of a building may restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities in their access to and use of such building or emergency evacuation.
(2) No owner or manager of a building may restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities from bringing in or using a guide dog or auxiliary equipment for persons with disabilities, etc. in such building.
(3) No owner or manager of a building may reject the provision of legitimate convenience to persons with disabilities in their access to and use of such building or emergency evacuation, such as the installation of relief and evacuation facilities.
(4) In applying paragraph (3), necessary matters concerning the scope of facilities covered in each phase of implementation and the details of legitimate convenience shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree, in view of the provisions of other related Acts and subordinate statutes.
 Article 19 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Means of Mobility and Transportation)
(1) No transportation business operator (hereinafter referred to as "transportation business operator") and transportation administrative agency (hereinafter referred to as "transportation administrative agency") under subparagraphs 5 and 6 of Article 2 of the Act on Promotion of the Transportation Convenience of Mobility Disadvantaged Persons may restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities from gaining access to and using means of mobility, transportation, etc. <Amended on May 11, 2010>
(2) No transportation business operator and transportation administrative agency may reject persons with disabilities accompanying, bringing in, or using guide dogs or auxiliary equipment for persons with disabilities, etc. when they use means of mobility, transportation, etc.
(3) No transportation business operator and transportation administrative agency may apply a fare system disadvantageous to persons with disabilities or persons related to persons with disabilities using means of mobility, transportation, etc. based on disability, guide dogs or auxiliary equipment for persons with disabilities, etc. that accompany or guide them.
(4) Each transportation business operator and transportation administrative agency shall provide legitimate convenience necessary to allow persons with disabilities to use means of mobility, transportation, etc. on an equal basis with persons without disabilities so that they can walk and move safely and conveniently.
(5) Each transportation administrative agency shall promote, educate, support and supervise transportation business operators so that they may not engage in any discriminatory act set forth in this Act against persons with disabilities.
(6) The State and local governments shall not restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities in all processes associated with applying for, taking and passing the driver's license examination without justifiable grounds.
(7) The State and local governments shall provide legitimate convenience to persons with disabilities so that they can go through every required process for the driver's license examination on an equal basis with persons without disabilities.
(8) In applying paragraphs (4) and (7), necessary matters, such as the scope of applicable entities for each phase of implementation and the details of legitimate convenience, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 20 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Access to Information)
(1) No individual, corporation, or public institution (hereafter in this Article referred to as "individual, etc.") may engage in discriminatory acts prohibited under Article 4 (1) 1 and 2 on the basis of disability against persons with disabilities when they use and gain access to electronic and non-electronic information.
(2) No person shall compel, interfere with, or treat unfairly persons related to persons with disabilities who support their communication, such as representing and accompanying persons with disabilities for the purpose of Korean sign language interpretation, braille conversion, braille proofreading, reading, ghostwriting or direction, without good cause. <Amended on Feb. 3, 2016>
 Article 21 (Duty to Provide Legitimate Convenience in Information and Communications and Communication)
(1) Actors set forth in subparagraphs 4, 6, 7, the latter part of 8 (a), item (b) of the same subparagraph, 11, 19, and 20 of Article 3, actors involved in the provisions of subparagraphs 13 and 15 through 17 of the same Article, employers under Article 10 (1), and persons related to labor unions under paragraph (2) of the same Article (including institutions to which such actors belong: hereafter in this Article referred to as "actors, etc.") shall provide necessary means, such as Korean sign language and writing, to ensure that persons with disabilities may access and use electronic and non-electronic information produced and distributed by such entities, etc. on an equal basis with persons without disabilities. In such cases, no natural person referred to in the latter part of subparagraph 8 (a) and item (b) of the same subparagraph of Article 3 shall not be included in the category of entities, etc. <Amended on Feb. 3, 2016; Sep. 19, 2017>
(2) Public institutions, etc. shall provide support as required for the participation and communication of persons with disabilities in any event they host or supervise, such as Korean sign language interpreters, text or vocal interpreters, and hearing aids. <Amended on Feb. 3, 2016>
(3) Broadcasting business entities under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Broadcasting Act and Internet multimedia broadcast business entities under subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Internet Multimedia Broadcast Services Act shall provide convenience for viewers with disabilities, including closed captions, Korean sign language interpretation, and descriptive video services in order for persons with disabilities to access and use their productions or services on an equal basis with persons without disabilities. <Amended on May 11, 2010; Feb. 3, 2016>
(4) Key telecommunications business entities under the Telecommunications Business Act (only applicable to telephone service providers) shall provide relay services using telecommunications equipment and facilities (including video phone services, text message services, and other relay services determined and publicly announced by the Minister of Science and ICT) in order for persons with disabilities to access and use such services on an equal basis with persons without disabilities. <Amended on May 11, 2010; Mar. 23, 2013; Jul. 26, 2017>
(5) The following business entities shall endeavor to provide publications (including electronic publications; hereinafter the same shall apply in this paragraph) or videos in order for persons with disabilities to access and use such publications and videos on an equal basis with persons without disabilities: Provided, That the National Library under Article 18 of the Libraries Act shall convert newly produced and distributed library materials into braille materials, materials containing print accessibility barcodes, audio materials, and enlarged text: <Newly Inserted on May 11, 2010; Jan. 28, 2014; Dec. 19, 2017>
1. Business entities who regularly issue publications;
2. Media producers and distributors for films and videos, etc.
(6) Necessary matters concerning the scope of entities, etc. who shall supply necessary means for each phase under paragraph (1) and the details of such necessary means, and the details, scope and implementation of necessary support under paragraph (2), necessary matters concerning the scope of entities and the details and implementation of services to be provided for each phase under paragraph (3) and necessary matters concerning the scope of entities and the details of services to be provided for each phase under paragraph (4) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted on May 11, 2010; Aug. 13, 2013>
[Title Amended on May 11, 2010]
 Article 22 (Protection of Personal Information)
(1) Personal information of persons with disabilities shall be collected only with the consent of the persons concerned, and be protected from any unauthorized access, misuse or abuse.
(2) In applying paragraph (1), the provisions of applicable Acts, including the Personal Information Protection Act and the Act on Promotion of Information and Communications Network Utilization and Information Protection, Etc., shall apply mutatis mutandis. <Amended on Mar. 29, 2011>
(3) With regard to persons with disabilities whose direct consent is difficult to obtain, such as children with disabilities or persons with mental disorder, the provisions of the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to persons giving consent on behalf of such persons with disabilities in relation to the collection, use and provision of personal information of such persons with disabilities.
 Article 23 (Duties of the State and Local Governments in Access to Information and Communications)
(1) The State and local governments shall provide support necessary for the development and distribution of tools to facilitate access to and use of telecommunication networks and telecommunication devices in view of the characteristics of persons with disabilities.
(2) Manufacturers related to telecommunication shall endeavor to design, manufacture and process telecommunication devices that persons with disabilities can access and use on an equal basis with persons without disabilities.
(3) The State and local governments shall take necessary measures to ensure that persons with disabilities can learn Korean sign language, lip-reading, braille and materials containing print accessibility barcodes, and enlarged text, based on the type, degree and characteristics of their disabilities and can be provided with learning support services utilizing the above, and no provider of such services shall impose any mode of communication, etc. which fails to reflect the characteristics of any person with a disability against his/her will. <Amended on Jan. 28, 2014; Feb. 3, 2016; Dec. 19, 2017>
 Article 24 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Cultural and Artistic Activities)
(1) The State and local governments, as well as cultural and artistic business operators shall not coerce persons with disabilities into certain acts against their will nor commit acts set forth in Article 4 (1) 1, 2 and 4, in regard to their participation in cultural and artistic activities.
(2) The State and local governments, as well as cultural and artistic business operators shall provide legitimate convenience to persons with disabilities so that they can actively participate in cultural and artistic activities.
(3) The State and local governments shall seek necessary measures to enable persons with disabilities to use cultural and artistic facilities and actively participate in cultural and artistic activities.
(4) In applying paragraph (2), necessary measures concerning the scope of applicable cultural and artistic business operators in each phase of implementation and the details of legitimate convenience shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 24-2 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Tourism Activities)
(1) The State, local governments, and tourism business operators (referring to tourism business operators defined in subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Tourism Promotion Act; hereafter in this Article the same shall apply) shall not conduct any acts provided for in subparagraphs 1, 2, and 4 through 6 of Article 4 against persons with disabilities when they participate in tourism activities.
(2) The State, local governments, and tourism business operators shall provide persons with disabilities with fair conveniences to ensure they can participate in tourism activities.
(3) The State and local governments shall seek measures necessary for encouraging persons with disabilities to actively participate in tourism activities.
(4) Matters necessary for implementing paragraph (2) such as phase-in categories of eligible tourism business operators and fair conveniences shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Sep. 19, 2017]
 Article 25 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Physical Activities)
(1) No institution or organization holding or supervising physical activities and the owner or manager of a facility intended for physical activities shall restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities who wish to participate in physical activities on the ground of their disabilities.
(2) The State and local governments shall cause physical exercise programs being operated or supported by themselves to be operated in view of the gender of persons with disabilities and the type, degree and characteristics of their disabilities, and provide legitimate convenience necessary for inducing participation of persons with disabilities.
(3) The State and local governments shall seek measures necessary for inducing persons with disabilities to participate in physical activities.
(4) Matters necessary for implementing paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
SECTION 4 Judicial and Administrative Procedures, Services and Political Rights
 Article 26 (Prohibition of Discrimination in Providing Judicial and Administrative Procedures and Services)
(1) No public institution, etc. shall discriminate against persons with disabilities in relation to the provision of judicial and administrative procedures and services necessary to protect and guarantee their rights, including the right to life, body or property.
(2) No public institution or its employees shall commit any act defined in Article 4 (1) 1, 2, 4 through 6 against persons with disabilities in providing judicial and administrative procedures and services.
(3) No public institution or its employees shall engage in any of the following discriminatory acts in performing their duties or exercising their authority:
1. Restricting and excluding access of, segregating or rejecting persons with disabilities based on their disabilities when it comes to permission, reports and approvals without good cause;
2. Restricting and excluding access of, segregating or rejecting persons with disabilities when it comes to determining selection standards for beneficiaries of public projects without good cause, or putting persons with disabilities at a disadvantage by applying standards without regard to their disabilities.
(4) Each public institution or its employee shall provide judicial and administrative procedures and services to the extent that persons with disabilities can use them on a substantially equal basis with persons without disabilities, and shall provide legitimate convenience for that purpose.
(5) If a person with a disability requests the provision of legitimate convenience, such as creating and providing forms that he/she can recognize and fill out on his/her own, for participating in judicial and administrative procedures and services, no public institution or its employee shall put the person with a disability at a disadvantage by denying or arbitrarily processing such request.
(6) A judicial institution shall confirm whether a person related to a case has a disability in communication or expression of opinion, and inform such person with a disability of the fact that he/she may receive assistance in criminal proceedings and of the details of such assistance. In such cases, if the relevant person with a disability requests assistance in criminal proceedings, the institution shall not refuse such request without good cause and take necessary measures therefor. <Amended on May 11, 2010; Oct. 22, 2012>
(7) Each judicial institution shall provide legitimate convenience and affirmative measures to allow persons with disabilities to maintain quality of life on a substantially equal basis with persons without disabilities when they are under confinement or arrest.
(8) Necessary matters in relation to the provisions of paragraphs (4) through (7) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 27 (Political Rights)
(1) The State and local governments, candidates for public election, and political parties shall not discriminate against persons with disabilities when they exercise their political rights, including rights to vote, be elected, and to petition.
(2) In order to guarantee the political rights of persons with disabilities, the State and local governments shall provide legitimate convenience, including facilities and equipment to guarantee the political rights of persons with disabilities, promoting and conveying information about the exercise of their political rights, developing and distributing election support tools, such as balloting methods tailored to different types and degrees of disabilities, and assigning support staff.
(3) Candidates for public election and political parties shall convey information about such candidates and parties to persons with disabilities on an equal basis with persons without disabilities.
SECTION 5 Motherhood, Fatherhood and Sexuality
 Article 28 (Prevention of Discrimination in Motherhood or Fatherhood)
(1) No person shall restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities in relation to their motherhood or fatherhood, including pregnancy, childbirth and parenting, based on disability.
(2) If a person with a disability wishes to adopt a child, no adoption agency shall restrict adoption qualifications based on his/her disability.
(3) Neither education officer, nor nursery school and its employees under the Infant Care Act, nor child welfare facility and its employees under the Child Welfare Act shall segregate or give disadvantages to children due to the disabilities of their parents. <Amended on Jun, 7, 2011>
(4) In order to ensure genuine equality for persons with disabilities in relation to their contraception, pregnancy, childbirth and nurturing, facilities that are directly operated, commissioned or subsidized by the State and local governments shall provide necessary support measures in accordance with relevant Acts and subordinate statutes, including the provision of information and activity assistance services tailored to the type and degree of disability and the development of auxiliary aids, tools, etc.
(5) The State and local governments shall conduct publicity, education, support and supervision to prevent discriminatory acts prohibited under this Act in relation to the provision of services in pregnancy, childbirth and nurturing.
 Article 29 (Prevention of Discrimination in Sexuality)
(1) The right to sexuality shall be respected for all persons with disabilities, and persons with disabilities shall hold the right to sexual self-determination to express and enjoy their right to sexuality.
(2) No member of family, home and welfare facilities shall restrict or deprive opportunities of persons with disabilities to enjoy sex life on the ground of disability by limiting their use of space or other tools for sex life.
(3) In order to guarantee the right of persons with disabilities to enjoy sex life, the State and local governments shall seek necessary support measures as prescribed by related Acts and subordinate statutes and conduct publicity and education to eliminate all disability-based prejudices and customs about sexuality, as well as all other discriminatory practices.
SECTION 6 Family, Home, Welfare Facilities, and Right to Health
 Article 30 (Prevention of Discrimination in Family, Home, and Welfare Facilities)
(1) No member of family, home, welfare facilities, etc. shall impose excessive burden on any person with a disability against his/her will nor exclude any person with a disability from decision-making processes based on disability without justifiable grounds.
(2) No member of family, home, welfare facilities, etc. shall disclose to the public physical features or bodies of persons with disabilities against their will without justifiable grounds.
(3) No member of family, home, welfare facilities, etc. shall restrict, deprive or interfere with the rights of any person with a disability to receive education, such as rights to enroll at or advance in schools, to exercise property rights, to participate in social activities, and to move and reside (hereafter in this paragraph referred to as "rights, etc.") and shall not exclude him/her from exercising such rights, etc.
(4) No current nor former members of family or home shall coerce persons with disabilities to reach an unfavorable settlement in relation to designation of person with custodial rights, parental authority and visitation right, nor restrict or deprive them of such rights based on disability.
(5) No head of any welfare facility, etc. shall request a written waiver of parental authority on condition of placing persons with disabilities in the facilities, nor restrict the communication right with the outside world, including visitation rights of the family members, during their stay in the facilities.
 Article 31 (Prevention of Discrimination in Right to Health)
(1) No medical facility, etc. nor medical person, etc. shall restrict, segregate, exclude or reject persons with disabilities when they engage in medical practices.
(2) Medical facilities, etc. and medical persons, etc. shall take into account the gender of a person with a disability and the type, degree and characteristics of disability in relation to medical practices, research, etc. in a positive manner and shall provide persons with disabilities, etc. with necessary matters in relation to medical practices, such as medical information suitable to the gender of a person with a disability.
(3) Where any public institution deems it necessary for implementing health-related school curricula, it shall include such factor as the gender of a person with a disability.
(4) The State and local governments shall implement measures necessary for the prevention and treatment of innate and acquired disabilities and take into account the gender, etc. of a person with a disability in determining and administering medical or health issues.
 Article 32 (Prevention of Harassment)
(1) Persons with disabilities shall have the right to be free from any and all types of violence, regardless of gender, age, and type, degree or characteristics of disability.
(2) Persons with disabilities who have suffered from harassment, etc. shall have the right to receive counseling, treatment, legal aid, and other appropriate measures and shall not receive any disadvantageous treatment on the ground of reporting harms caused by harassment, etc.
(3) No person shall engage in activities to ostracize persons with disabilities or persons related to persons with disabilities or derogatory verbal expressions or conducts which might cause offense or disparagement in schools, facilities, workplaces, local communities, etc. on the basis of disability.
(4) No person shall abandon, abuse or extort money from persons with disabilities or persons related to persons with disabilities in private spaces, homes, facilities, workplaces, local communities, etc. on the basis of disability.
(5) No person shall infringe on the right to sexual self-determination of persons with disabilities or engage in verbal expressions to cause a sense of shame, molestation, or assault or rape taking advantage of disability.
(6) The State and local governments shall provide education for awareness-building and prevention of harassment, etc. to eliminate harassment, etc. of persons with disabilities and seek appropriate measures.
CHAPTER III WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES AND CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES
 Article 33 (Prevention of Discrimination against Women with Disabilities)
(1) The State and local governments shall not discriminate against women with disabilities in all aspects of life based on disability.
(2) No person shall forcibly impose on any women with a disability or deprive her of roles in relation to pregnancy, childbirth, nurturing and homemaking based on disability.
(3) No employer shall treat unfavorably female workers with disabilities compared with male workers or female workers without disabilities, and shall refuse to provide the following legitimate conveniences in relation to the use of workplace childcare services, etc.:
1. Support for convenient feeding in accordance with the type and degree of disability;
2. Support for methods of communication that allow a mother to check upon her child's condition;
3. Support for other matters necessary for the use of workplace childcare services, etc.
(4) Persons in charge of sexual violence prevention programs at education institutions, workplaces, welfare facilities, etc. shall include in such programs the sexual awareness of women with disabilities and prevention of sexual violence against them; however, such programs shall not distort the image of women with disabilities.
(5) No educational institutions nor other institutions providing vocational training shall not engage in the following discriminatory acts against women with disabilities: Provided, That such shall not be deemed as discriminatory in cases where the following acts are cleary intended for providing appropriate education and training tailored to the characteristics of women with disabilities:
1. Restricting learning opportunities and differentiating the substance of learning activities;
2. Restricting vocational training and the scope of career choices;
3. Restricting education-related plans and the scope of information to be provided;
4. Otherwise treating women with disabilities unfavorably in education without justifiable grounds.
(6) In applying paragraph (3), the scope of applicable workplaces in each phase of implementation and necessary matters concerning paragraph (3) 3 shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
 Article 34 (Duties of State and Local Governments for Prevention of Discrimination against Women with Disabilities)
(1) The State and local governments shall seek proactive measures for eliminating discriminatory elements against women with disabilities, such as awareness-building and support policies, and shall take into consideration women with disabilities in statistics and research projects, etc.
(2) The State and local governments shall not restrict or exclude women with disabilities from participating in policy-making and implementation processes on the basis of disability.
 Article 35 (Prevention of Discrimination against Children with Disabilities)
(1) No person shall discriminate against children with disabilities in any aspect of life on the basis of disability.
(2) No person shall deprive children with disabilities of opportunities to receive education, training, healthcare services, rehabilitation services, career preparation, recreation, etc.
(3) No person shall exclude children with disabilities from mandatory education.
(4) No person shall unfavorably treat children with disabilities based on disability, including abandonment, abuse, extortion, imprisonment and battering, and no person shall infringe their human rights by forcefully placing them in facilities or subjecting them to unreasonable rehabilitation treatment or training.
 Article 36 (Duties of State and Local Governments for Prevention of Discrimination against Children with Disabilities)
(1) The State and local governments shall take all necessary measures to guarantee children with disabilities will enjoy equality rights and freedom as other children without any kind of discrimination based on disability.
(2) The State and local governments shall make arrangements to provide children with disabilities with services tailored to their gender and the type, degree and characteristics of their disabilities in early stages, and shall take measures to support persons with parental authority protecting children with disabilities and persons in charge of rearing such children.
 Article 37 (Prevention of Discrimination against Persons with Mental Disorder)
(1) No person shall give disadvantages to persons with mental disorder by unfairly using their particular emotional or cognitive impairment.
(2) The State and local governments shall seek necessary legal and policy measures to prevent any infringement of human rights held by persons with mental disorder by means of education, promotion, etc.
CHAPTER IV INSTITUTIONS IN CHARGE OF REMEDIES OF DISCRIMINATION FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES AND SAFEGUARDING OF RIGHTS, ETC.
 Article 38 (Complaints)
Any person who has suffered harm due to a discriminatory act prohibited under this Act (hereinafter referred to as "victim") or any person or organization that is aware of such fact may file a complaint with the National Human Rights Commission (hereinafter referred to as the "Commission") as such.
 Article 39 (Ex Officio Investigation)
Even if no complaint is filed as prescribed in Article 38, the Commission may conduct an ex officio investigation if there is a sufficient ground to believe that a discriminatory act prohibited under this Act has been committed and that the substance of such act is grave.
 Article 40 (Subcommittee on Remedies of Discrimination for Persons with Disabilities)
(1) The Commission shall have a subcommittee on remedies for discrimination against persons with disabilities (hereinafter referred to as the "Subcommittee") exclusively responsible for investigation and correction of discriminatory acts prohibited under this Act.
(2) Necessary matters concerning the organization, duties and operation of the Subcommittee shall be prescribed by the rules of the Commission.
 Article 41 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis)
(1) Unless otherwise provided for in this Act, the provisions of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the procedures, methods and processing of complaints filed in accordance with Articles 38 and 39, as well as the methods of ex officio investigations.
(2) The provisions of Articles 40 through 50 of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to complaints and ex officio investigations under this Act.
 Article 42 (Notices of Recommendation)
If the Commission makes a recommendation under Article 44 of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea Act for discriminatory acts prohibited by this Act, or if a person who has received the recommendation fails to comply with the recommendation, the Commission shall notify the Minister of Justice thereof. <Amended on Dec. 29, 2020>
 Article 43 (Corrective Orders)
(1) If a person who has received the recommendation under Article 44 of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea Act for discriminatory acts prohibited by this Act fails to implement the recommendation without justifiable grounds, and falls under any of the following, the Minister of Justice orders correction at the request of the victim or ex officio: <Amended on Dec. 29, 2020>
1. Failing to comply with a recommendation in relation to discriminatory acts against multiple victims;
2. Failing to comply with a recommendation in relation to repetitive discriminatory acts;
3. Failing to comply with a recommendation for giving disadvantages to victims on purpose;
4. Cases otherwise requiring an order for correction.
(2) With regard to an order for correction under paragraph (1), the Minister of Justice may order a person who has committed a discriminatory act prohibited under this Act (hereinafter referred to as "discriminator") to take any of the following measures:
1. To discontinue the discriminatory act;
2. To restore the harmed person to the original state;
3. To take measures to prevent further recurrence of discriminatory acts;
4. To take other measures necessary for rectifying discriminatory acts.
(3) The Minister of Justice shall issue an order for correction under paragraphs (1) and (2) in writing with detailed grounds for such order and have it delivered to both the discriminator and the victim.
(4) The Minister of Justice may request the Commission to provide necessary data for a correction order in order to order correction under paragraphs (1) and (2). <Newly Inserted on Dec. 29, 2020>
(5) Where the Minister of Justice issues an order for correction pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), the Minister shall notify the Commission of the details. <Newly Inserted on Dec. 29, 2020>
(6) Matters necessary for the period, procedure, method, etc. for which the Minister of Justice orders measures necessary to correct discrimination shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended on Dec. 29, 2020>
 Article 43-2 (Provision of Opportunities to State Opinions)
(1) The Minister of Justice shall give the discriminator an opportunity to state their opinions before issuing a correction order pursuant to Article 43.
(2) In the case of paragraph (1), the victim, complainant, or interested person may state their opinions to the Minister of Justice or submit necessary data.
[This Article Newly Inserted on Dec. 29, 2020]
 Article 44 (Confirmation of Order for Correction)
(1) Any party who is dissatisfied with an order for correction issued by the Minister of Justice may bring an administrative lawsuit against the order not later than 30 days after the date of receiving a written order.
(2) An order for correction shall be confirmed as final if no administrative lawsuit is filed within the time period set forth in paragraph (1).
 Article 45 (Request for Submission of Compliance Report on Order for Correction)
(1) The Minister of Justice shall, in response to a confirmed corrective order, require the discriminator to submit the status of its implementation. <Amended on Dec. 29, 2020>
(2) Where a discriminator fails to comply with an order for correction confirmed as final, the victim may report such non-compliance to the Minister of Justice.
CHAPTER V COMPENSATION FOR HARM and BURDEN OF PROOF
 Article 46 (Compensation for Damage)
(1) Any person who has inflicted harm on others in violation of the provisions of this Act shall be responsible for compensating for damage to the person damaged by such violation: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where the discriminator proves that there was no intention or negligence for his/her part.
(2) When it is acknowledged that harm has been suffered due to an act in violation of the provisions of this Act but the victim of such discriminatory act is unable to prove monetary loss, monetary gains obtained by the discriminator from such act shall be deemed monetary loss suffered by the victim.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), if it is difficult to prove such facts as necessary for certifying the amount of monetary loss suffered by the victim of a discriminatory act due to the nature of applicable facts, the court may acknowledge a reasonable amount of loss based on the overall tenor of contentions and the outcome of evidentiary review.
 Article 47 (Allotment of Burden of Proof)
(1) If any dispute arises under this Act, the party claiming to have suffered discrimination shall prove that there has been a discriminatory act.
(2) If a party claims to have suffered discrimination, the other party shall prove that such discriminatory act under paragraph (1) was not committed based on discrimination or such act had legitimate grounds.
 Article 48 (Remedial Measures by Court)
(1) If discrimination against a victim is clearly explained upon request by the victim before or after filing the lawsuit regarding a discriminatory act prohibited under this Act, the court may order appropriate interim measures, such as discontinuation of the discriminatory act, until judgment on the merits is rendered.
(2) The court may render judgment to discontinue a discriminatory act, to improve working conditions, such as wages, and to take proactive measures to rectify such act, upon request by the victim.
(3) If the court determines that proactive measures are necessary to discontinue discriminatory acts and to rectify discrimination, it may specify the time period for the implementation thereof and, if not implemented, order adequate compensation for any period of delay. In such cases, Article 261 of the Civil Execution Act shall apply mutatis mutandis.
CHAPTER VI? PENALTY PROVISIONS
 Article 49 (Discriminatory Acts)
(1) If any person commits discriminatory acts prohibited under this Act and such act is deemed to be malicious, the court may sentence the discriminator to an imprisonment with labor for not more than three years or a fine not exceeding 30 million won.
(2) Whether the act referred to in paragraph (1) is malicious shall be determined based on the following: <Amended on Dec. 19, 2017>
1. Willfulness of discrimination;
2. Continuation and repetition of discrimination;
3. Retaliation against the victim of discrimination;
4. Substance and scope of loss suffered from discrimination.
(3) If the representative of a corporation, or an agent or employee of, or any other person employed, by a corporation or an individual performs the business affairs of the corporation or individual with malicious and discriminatory intent, not only shall such actor be punished, but also the corporation or individual shall be punished by a fine under paragraph (1): Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant duties in order to prevent such offense. <Amended on May 11, 2010>
(4) Except as provided in this Article, the provisions of the National Human Rights Commission Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to any other penalty.
 Article 50 (Administrative Fines)
(1) Any person who fails to comply with a corrective order finalized as final pursuant to Article 44 without good cause grounds shall be subject to an administrative fine not exceeding 30 million won.
(2) Administrative fines under paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the Minister of Justice. <Amended on May 11, 2010>
(3) Deleted. <May 11, 2010>
(4) Deleted. <May 11, 2010>
(5) Deleted. <May. 11, 2010>
ADDENDA <Act No. 8341, Apr. 10, 2007>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the implementation date and the scope of application for each area of discrimination set forth in Articles 10 through 37 shall be governed by Presidential Decree as delegated under the relevant provisions.
(2) (Preparation for Establishment of Subcommittee) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), preparation for establishing the Subcommittee under Article 40, including the appointment of its members and staff, may be undertaken before this Act enters into force.
(3) (Applicability for Commencement of Term of Service of Each Member) The term of service as a member of the Subcommittee under Article 40 shall be deemed to commence on the effective date of this Act.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8974, Mar. 21, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 14 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9705, May 22, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 10280, May 11, 2010>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provision or Article 21 (4) shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation; and the implementation date and applicable objects for respective details under the amended provisions of paragraph (6) of the same Article (only applicable to matters related to paragraphs (3) and (4) of the same Article) shall be governed by Presidential Decree prescribed in the same paragraph.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10465, Mar. 29, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 10789, Jun. 7, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 11522, Oct. 22, 2012>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11690, Mar. 23, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) Omitted.
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 12035, Aug. 13, 2013>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 12365, Jan. 28, 2014>
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 13978, Feb. 3, 2016>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 14839, Jul. 26, 2017>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That among the Acts amended in accordance with Article 5 of these addenda, amendments to Acts, which were promulgated before this Act enters into force, but the dates on which they are to enter into force have yet to arrive, shall enter into force on the enforcement dates of the respective Acts.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 14893, Sep. 19, 2017>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 15272, Dec. 19, 2017>
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions or Article 49 (2) shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation
ADDENDA <Act No. 16740, Dec. 3, 2019>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Fact-finding Surveys)
The first survey conducted pursuant to the amended provisions of Article 8-2 shall be conducted in the year following the year in which this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 17344, Jun. 9, 2020>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Decree shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 17792, Dec. 29, 2020>
This Article shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.