CIVIL ACT
ALL
PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I COMMON PROVISIONS
Article 1 (Source of Law)
Article 2 (Trust and Good Faith)
CHAPTER II PERSONS
SECTION 1 Capacity
Article 3 (Duration of Legal Capacity)
Article 4 (Majority)
Article 5 (Capacity of Minor)
Article 6 (Property Permitted to Dispose of)
Article 7 (Cancellation of Consent and Permission)
Article 8 (Permission on Business)
Article 9 (Adjudication on Commencement of Adult Guardianship)
Article 10 (Acts of Adult Wards and Cancellation thereof)
Article 11 (Adjudication on Termination of Adult Guardianship)
Article 12 (Adjudication on Commencement of Limited Guardianship)
Article 13 (Acts of Limited Wards and Consent)
Article 14 (Adjudication on Termination of Limited Guardianship)
Article 14-2 (Adjudication on Specific Guardian)
Article 14-3 (Relationship between Adjudications)
Article 15 (Right of Person with Limited Capacity to Demand Definite Answer from other Party)
Article 16 (Withdrawal and Refusal Rights of other Party to Person with Limited Capacity)
Article 17 (Fraudulent Means by Person with Limited Capacity)
SECTION 2 Domicile
Article 18 (Domicile)
Article 19 (Temporary Domicile)
Article 20 (Temporary Domicile)
Article 21 (Temporary Residence)
SECTION 3 Absence and Disappearance
Article 22 (Management of Property of Absentee)
Article 23 (Replacement of Administrator)
Article 24 (Duties of Administrator)
Article 25 (Authority of Administrator)
Article 26 (Security by Administrator and Remuneration for Administrator)
Article 27 (Judicial Declaration of Disappearance)
Article 28 (Effect of Judicial Declaration of Disappearance)
Article 29 (Annulment of Judicial Declaration of Disappearance)
Article 30 (Simultaneous Death)
CHAPTER III JURISTIC PERSONS
SECTION 1 General Provisions
Article 31 (Rule to Formation of Juristic Person)
Article 32 (Incorporation of Non-profit-making Juristic Person and Permission thereof)
Article 33 (Registration for Incorporation of Juristic Person)
Article 34 (Legal Capacity of Juristic Person)
Article 35 (Capacity of Juristic Person to Assume Responsibility for Unlawful Act)
Article 36 (Domicile of Juristic Person)
Article 37 (Inspection and Supervision over Business of Juristic Person)
Article 38 (Cancellation of Permission for Incorporation of Juristic Person)
Article 39 (Profit-making Juristic Person)
SECTION 2 Incorporation
Article 40 (Articles of Incorporated Association)
Article 41 (Restriction on Power of Representation of Directors)
Article 42 (Alteration in Articles of Incorporated Association)
Article 43 (Articles of Incorporated Foundation)
Article 44 (Supplement for Articles of Incorporated Foundation)
Article 45 (Alteration in Articles of Incorporated Foundation)
Article 46 (Alteration in Objectives, etc. of Incorporated Foundation)
Article 47 (Application of Provisions Relating to Gift and Testamentary Gift)
Article 48 (Time of Belonging of Property Given by Endowment)
Article 49 (Particulars to be Registered)
Article 50 (Registration for Establishment of Branch Office)
Article 51 (Registration for Transfer of Office)
Article 52 (Registration for Alteration)
Article 52-2 (Registration of Provisional Disposition Such as Suspension of Exercise of Duties)
Article 53 (Reckoning of Period for Registration)
Article 54 (Effect of Registration Other than That for Incorporation and Public Notice of Particulars Registered)
Article 55 (Inventory of Assets and List of Members)
Article 56 (Prohibition of Assignment and Inheritance of Membership)
SECTION 3 Organization
Article 57 (Directors)
Article 58 (Execution of Affairs by Directors)
Article 59 (Power of Representation of Directors)
Article 60 (Requisite for Setting up against Restriction on Power of Representation of Director)
Article 60-2 (Authority of Proxy for Duties)
Article 61 (Directors' Duties of Care)
Article 62 (Appointment of Agent for Directors)
Article 63 (Appointment of Provisional Directors)
Article 64 (Appointment of Special Representative)
Article 65 (Neglect of Duties of Director)
Article 66 (Auditor)
Article 67 (Duties of Auditor)
Article 68 (Power of General Meeting)
Article 69 (Regular General Meeting)
Article 70 (Special General Meeting)
Article 71 (Convocation of General Meeting)
Article 72 (Resolutions by General Meeting)
Article 73 (Vote of Member)
Article 74 (Members who Have No Right to Vote)
Article 75 (Method of Resolutions at General Meeting)
Article 76 (Minutes of General Meeting)
SECTION 4 Dissolution
Article 77 (Causes for Dissolution)
Article 78 (Resolution for Dissolution of Incorporated Association)
Article 79 (Application for Bankruptcy)
Article 80 (Reversion of Surplus Assets)
Article 81 (Juristic Person in Liquidation)
Article 82 (Liquidator)
Article 83 (Appointment of Liquidator by Court)
Article 84 (Removal of Liquidators by Court)
Article 85 (Registration for Dissolution)
Article 86 (Report on Dissolution)
Article 87 (Duties of Liquidators)
Article 88 (Public Notice to Obligee)
Article 89 (Notice to Present Claims)
Article 90 (Prohibition of Discharge of Obligation within Period to Report Claims)
Article 91 (Special Case in Discharge of Obligation)
Article 92 (Claims Excluded from Liquidation)
Article 93 (Bankruptcy in Liquidation)
Article 94 (Registration and Report on Completion of Liquidation)
Article 95 (Inspection and Supervision of Dissolution and Liquidation)
Article 96 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
SECTION 5 Penal Provisions
Article 97 (Penal Provisions)
CHAPTER IV THINGS
Article 98 (Definition of Things)
Article 99 (Immovables and Movables)
Article 100 (Principal Thing and Accessory)
Article 101 (Natural Fruits and Legal Fruits)
Article 102 (Acquisition of Fruits)
CHAPTER V JURISTIC ACTS
SECTION 1 General Provisions
Articles 103 (Juristic Acts Contrary to Social Order)
Article 104 (Unfair Juristic Act)
Article 105 (Optional Provisions)
Article 106 (De Facto Custom)
SECTION 2 Declaration of Intention
Article 107 (Declaration of Untrue Intention)
Article 108 (Fictitious Declaration of Intention in Collusion)
Article 109 (Declaration of Intention under Mistake)
Article 110 (Declaration of Intention by Fraud or Duress)
Article 111 (When Declaration of Intention Takes Effect)
Article 112 (Effect of Declaration of Intention to Person with Limited Capacity)
Article 113 (Service of Declaration of Intention by Publication)
SECTION 3 Agency
Article 114 (Effect of Acts by Agent)
Article 115 (Act without Disclosing Agency)
Article 116 (Defective Acts by Agent)
Article 117 (Capacity to Act of Agent)
Article 118 (Scope of Agent's Authority)
Article 119 (Multiple Agency)
Article 120 (Power of Appointment of Subagent by Agent in Fact)
Article 121 (Responsibility for Appointment of Subagent by Agent in Fact)
Article 122 (Power of Appointment of Subagent by Legal Representative and Responsibility thereof)
Article 123 (Authority of Subagent)
Article 124 (Representation on His Own Behalf, Representation of Both Parties)
Article 125 (Apparent Representation by Indication of Conferment of Power of Representation)
Article 126 (Apparent Representation in Excess of Authority)
Article 127 (Causes for Lapse of Power of Representation)
Article 128 (Lapse of Power of Representation in Fact)
Article 129 (Apparent Representation after Lapse of Power of Representation)
Article 130 (Unauthorized Representation)
Article 131 (Right of Peremptory Notice of Other Party)
Article 132 (Other Party of Ratification or Refusal)
Article 133 (Effect of Ratification)
Article 134 (Right of Withdrawal of Other Party)
Article 135 (Responsibility of Unauthorized Agent to other Party)
Article 136 (Unilateral Act and Unauthorized Representation)
SECTION 4 Nullity and Voidance
Article 137 (Partial Nullity of Juristic Act)
Article 138 (Conversion of Null Act)
Article 139 (Ratification of Null Acts)
Article 140 (Persons Voiding Juristic Acts)
Article 141 (Effect of Voidance)
Article 142 (Other Party in Voidance)
Article 143 (Method and Effect of Ratification)
Article 144 (Requirements for Ratification)
Article 145 (Legal Ratification)
Article 146 (Lapse of Right of Voidance)
SECTION 5 Conditions and Time
Article 147 (Effect of Fulfillment of Conditions)
Article 148 (Prohibition of Infringement of Conditional Right)
Article 149 (Disposition, etc. of Conditional Right)
Article 150 (Act against Trust and Good Faith as to Condition)
Article 151 (Unlawful Condition, Fulfilled Condition)
Article 152 (Effect of Arrival of Time)
Article 153 (Benefit of Time and Waiver thereof)
Article 154 (Right Subject to Time and Applicable Provisions)
CHAPTER VI PERIOD
Article 155 (Scope of Application of this Chapter)
Article 156 (Starting Point of Computing Period)
Article 157 (Starting Point of Computing Period)
Article 158 (Starting Point of Counting Age)
Article 159 (Maturity Point of Period)
Article 160 (Computation according to Calendar)
Article 161 (Holidays and Maturity Point of Period)
CHAPTER VII EXTINCTIVE PRESCRIPTION
Article 162 (Extinctive Prescription of Claims or Property Right)
Article 163 (Short Extinctive Prescription for Three Years)
Article 164 (Short Extinctive Prescription for One Year)
Article 165 (Extinctive Prescription of Claims Established by Judgment, etc.)
Article 166 (Starting Point of Computing Extinctive Prescription)
Article 167 (Retroactive Effect of Extinctive Prescription)
Article 168 (Causes Interrupting Extinctive Prescription)
Article 169 (Effect of Interruption of Prescription)
Article 170 (Demand by Judicial Proceedings and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 171 (Intervention in Bankruptcy Proceedings and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 172 (Order for Payment and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 173 (Summons for Compromise, Voluntary Appearance, and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 174 (Peremptory Notice and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 175 (Attachment, Provisional Attachment, Provisional Disposition and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 176 (Attachment, Provisional Attachment, Provisional Disposition and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 177 (Acknowledgment and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 178 (Running of Prescription after Interruption)
Article 179 (Person with Limited Capacity and Suspension of Prescription)
Article 180 (Right of Person with Limited Capacity against Administrator of Property, Right between Husband and Wife, and Suspension of Prescription)
Article 181 (Rights on Estate of Inheritance and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 182 (Natural Calamity or Any Other Accidents and Interruption of Prescription)
Article 183 (Effect of Extinctive Prescription to Accessory Rights)
Article 184 (Waiving of Benefit of Prescription, etc.)
PART II REAL RIGHTS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 185 (Kinds of Real Rights)
Article 186 (Effect of Changes in Real Rights over Immovables)
Article 187 (Acquisition of Real Rights over Immovables not Requiring Registration)
Article 188 (Effect of Changes in Real Rights over Movables, Summary Assignment)
Article 189 (Agreement on Possession)
Article 190 (Assignment of Claim for Return of Object)
Article 191 (Lapse of Real Rights due to Merger)
CHAPTER II POSSESSORY RIGHT
Article 192 (Acquisition and Extinction of Possessory Right)
Article 193 (Transfer of Possessory Right through Succession)
Article 194 (Indirect Possession)
Article 195 (Possession Assistant)
Article 196 (Assignment of Possessory Right)
Article 197 (State of Possession)
Article 198 (Presumption of Continuation of Possession)
Article 199 (Assertion of Succession of Possession and Effect thereof)
Article 200 (Presumption of Lawful Exercise of Right)
Article 201 (Possessor and Fruits)
Article 202 (Possessor's Liability to Person Entitled to Restoration)
Article 203 (Claim of Possessor for Reimbursement)
Article 204 (Recovery of Possession)
Article 205 (Maintenance of Possession)
Article 206 (Preservation of Possession)
Article 207 (Protection of Indirect Possession)
Article 208 (Relations between Possessory Actions and Actions on Title)
Article 209 (Self-help)
Article 210 (Quasi-Possession)
CHAPTER III OWNERSHIP
SECTION 1 Limitation of Ownership
Article 211 (Contents of Ownership)
Article 212 (Scope of Ownership of Land)
Article 213 (Claim for Return of Article Owned)
Article 214 (Claim for Removal and Prevention of Disturbance against Article Owned)
Article 215 (Partitioned Ownership of Building)
Article 216 (Claim of Use of Adjoining Land)
Article 217 (Prohibition of Disturbance against Adjoining Land by Soot, etc.)
Article 218 (Right of Installing Water Service Pipes, etc.)
Article 219 (Right of Passing over Surrounding Land)
Article 220 (Partition, Partial Assignment and Right of Passing over Surrounding Land)
Article 221 (Natural Flow of Water)
Article 222 (Right of Drainage Works)
Article 223 (Right to Claim Repair, etc. of Structures for Reservoiring, Draining or Drawing Water)
Article 224 (Custom on Expense)
Article 225 (Duty to Install Structures against Rain Water)
Article 226 (Right of Discharging Surplus Water)
Article 227 (Right to Use Structures for Flow of Water in Adjoining Land)
Article 228 (Claim for Surplus Water)
Article 229 (Alteration in Watercourse)
Article 230 (Right of Constructing and Using Dam)
Article 231 (Right of Using Public River)
Article 232 (Protection of Right of Using Water at Lower Part)
Article 233 (Succession of Right to Use Water)
Article 234 (Other Customs on Right to Use Water)
Article 235 (Right to Use Water for Common Use)
Article 236 (Construction Work and Compensation for Damage due to Obstruction in Use of Water, Restoration)
Article 237 (Right of Constructing Boundary Mark or Fence)
Article 238 (Right of Specially Constructed Fence)
Article 239 (Presumption of Joint Ownership of Boundary Marks, etc.)
Article 240 (Right of Removing Branches and Roots of Trees)
Article 241 (Prohibition of Digging too Deep on Land)
Article 242 (Construction near Boundary Line)
Article 243 (Obligation of Establishing Screen)
Article 244 (Limit to Underground Facilities, etc.)
SECTION 2 Acquisition of Ownership
Article 245 (Period for Acquiring Ownership of Immovables by Possession)
Article 246 (Period for Acquiring Ownership of Movables by Possession)
Article 247 (Retroactive Effect of Acquisition of Ownership, Grounds of Interruption)
Article 248 (Acquisitive Prescription of Property Rights other than Ownership)
Article 249 (bona fide Acquisition)
Article 250 (Special Provision on Stolen or Lost Articles)
Article 251 (Special Provision on Stolen or Lost Articles)
Article 252 (Vesting of Articles without Owners)
Article 253 (Acquisition of Ownership of Lost Articles)
Article 254 (Acquisition of Ownership of Treasure-Trove)
Article 255 (State Ownership of Cultural Heritage)
Article 256 (Attachment to Immovable)
Article 257 (Attachment between Movables)
Article 258 (Mixture)
Article 259 (Specification)
Article 260 (Effect of Annexing)
Article 261 (Right of Reimbursement due to Annexing)
SECTION 3 Joint Ownership
Article 262 (Co-ownership of Article)
Article 263 (Disposition of Share, Use of and Profit from Article Jointly Owned)
Article 264 (Disposition of, Alteration in Articles Jointly Owned)
Article 265 (Administration and Preservation of Article Jointly Owned)
Article 266 (Liability for Article Jointly Owned)
Article 267 (Reversion in case of Renunciation of Shares, etc.)
Article 268 (Demand for Partition of Article Jointly Owned)
Article 269 (Methods of Partition)
Article 270 (Liability for Warranty due to Partition)
Article 271 (Partnership-ownership of Property)
Article 272 (Disposition, Alteration and Preservation of Property in Partnership-ownership)
Article 273 (Disposition of Share of and Prohibition of Partition of Property in Partnership-ownership)
Article 274 (Termination of Partnership-ownership)
Article 275 (Collective Ownership of Property)
Article 276 (Administration, Disposition and Use of and Profit from Property in Collective Ownership)
Article 277 (Acquisition and Loss of Rights and Duties concerning Property in Collective Ownership)
Article 278 (Quasi-Ioint Ownership)
CHAPTER IV SUPERFICIES
Article 279 (Contents of Superficies)
Article 280 (Superficies Having Agreed Duration)
Article 281 (Superficies Having No Agreed Duration)
Article 282 (Assignment and Lease of Superficies)
Article 283 (Right to Demand Renewal and Purchase by Superficiary)
Article 284 (Renewal and Duration)
Article 285 (Duties of Removal, Right to Demand Purchase)
Article 286 (Claim for Increase or Decrease in Rent)
Article 287 (Claim for Termination of Superficies)
Article 288 (Claim for Termination of Superficies and Notification to Mortgagee)
Article 289 (Compulsory Provisions)
Article 289-2 (Sectional Superficies)
Article 290 (Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
CHAPTER V SERVITUDE
Article 291 (Contents of Servitude)
Article 292 (Appendant Nature)
Article 293 (Co-ownership Relations, Partial Assignment and Indivisibility)
Article 294 (Period for Acquiring Servitude)
Article 295 (Acquisition and Indivisibility)
Article 296 (Interruption, Suspension of Extinctive Prescription and Indivisibility)
Article 297 (Servitude for Water)
Article 298 (Obligation of Owner of Servient Land and Succession Thereof)
Article 299 (Relief of Obligation by Surrendering)
Article 300 (Common Use of Structures)
Article 301 (Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 302 (Special Servitude)
CHAPTER VI CHONSEGWON (RIGHT TO REGISTERED LEASE ON DEPOSIT BASIS)
Article 303 (Contents of Chonsegwon)
Article 304 (Effect of Chonsegwon on Superficies or Lease)
Article 305 (Chonsegwon over Building and Legal Superficies)
Article 306 (Assignment and Lease of Chonsegwon, etc.)
Article 307 (Effect of Assignment of Chonsegwon)
Article 308 (Responsibility where of Chonchonse, etc.)
Article 309 (Duties of Person Having Chonsegwon of Maintenance and Repair)
Article 310 (Claim of Person Having Chonsegwon for Reimbursement)
Article 311 (Claim of Extinction of Chonsegwon)
Article 312 (Duration of Chonsegwon)
Article 312-2 (Right to Request Increase or Reduction of Deposit Money)
Article 313 (Notification of Extinction of Contract of Chonsegwon)
Article 314 (Loss by Act of God)
Article 315 (Responsibility of Person Having Chonsegwon for Compensation for Loss)
Article 316 (Duty to Restore to Original Condition, Right to Request Purchase)
Article 317 (Extinction of Chonsegwon and Concurrent Performance)
Article 318 (Right of Person Having Chonsegwon to Request Auction)
Article 319 (Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
CHAPTER VII RIGHT OF RETENTION
Article 320 (Contents of Right of Retention)
Article 321 (Indivisibility of Right of Retention)
Article 322 (Auction, Summary Application for Satisfaction of Claim)
Article 323 (Right of Collecting Fruits)
Article 324 (Duty of Keeping Property with Care of Good Manager)
Article 325 (Right of Demanding Reimbursement)
Article 326 (Extinctive Prescription of Claim Secured)
Article 327 (Furnishing Other Security and Extinction of Right of Retention)
Article 328 (Loss of Possession and Extinction of Right of Retention)
CHAPTER VIII PLEDGE
SECTION 1 Pledge of Movables
Article 329 (Contents of Pledge of Movables)
Article 330 (Delivery of Object of Pledge)
Article 331 (Object of Pledge)
Article 332 (Ban on Holding Derivative Possession of Thing Pledged by Pledger)
Article 333 (Order of Priority of Several Pledges of Movables)
Article 334 (Scope of Claim Secured)
Article 335 (Effect of Retaining)
Article 336 (Sub-pledge)
Article 337 (Requisites for Setting up Sub-pledge Against Debtors, etc.)
Article 338 (Auction Summary Application for Satisfaction of Claim)
Article 339 (Ban on Forfeited Pledge)
Article 340 (Satisfaction of Claim out of Other Property than Pledged Article)
Article 341 (Right to Indemnity of Person Who Pledged One's Property to Secure Another's Obligation)
Article 342 (Exercise of Pledge against Things Other than Pledged Articles)
Article 343 (Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 344 (Pledges under Other Acts)
SECTION 2 Pledge of Rights
Article 345 (Object of Pledge of Rights)
Article 346 (Manner of Creating Pledge of Rights)
Article 347 (Delivery of Documents Evidencing Obligation)
Article 348 (Pledge against Mortgage Claim and Additional Registration of Pledge)
Article 349 (Requisite for Setting up Pledge for Nominative Claim)
Article 350 (Method of Creating Pledge against Debt Payable to Order)
Article 351 (Method of Creating Pledge against Bearer Instrument)
Article 352 (Restriction on Disposition of Right by Pledger)
Article 353 (Method of Execution of Claim under Pledge)
Article 354 (Method of Execution of Claim under Pledge)
Article 355 (Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
CHAPTER IX MORTGAGE
Article 356 (Contents of Mortgage)
Article 357 (Floating Sum Mortgage)
Article 358 (Scope of Effect of Mortgage)
Article 359 (Effect upon Fruits)
Article 360 (Scope of Claim Secured)
Article 361 (Limits on Disposition of Mortgage)
Article 362 (Supplement of Property Mortgaged)
Article 363 (Claim of Mortgagee for Auction Bidders)
Article 364 (Payment of Debt by Third Party Purchaser)
Article 365 (Claim for Auction of Building on Mortgaged Land)
Article 366 (Legal Superficies)
Article 367 (Claim of Third Party Purchaser for Reimbursement of Expenses)
Article 368 (Joint Mortgages and Dividend of Proceeds thereof, Subrogation of Mortgagee Next in Priority)
Article 369 (Appendant Nature)
Article 370 (Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 371 (Superficies and Chonsegwon Mortgaged)
Article 372 (Mortgages under Other Acts)
PART III CLAIMS
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
SECTION 1 Subject of Claims
Article 373 (Subject of Claim)
Article 374 (Duty of Obligor to Deliver Specific Thing with Good Manager's Care)
Article 375 (Claim in Species)
Article 376 (Pecuniary Claim)
Article 377 (Pecuniary Claim in Foreign Currency)
Article 378 (Pecuniary Claim in Foreign Currency)
Article 379 (Legal Rate of Interest)
Article 380 (Alternative Claim)
Article 381 (Transfer of Right of Option)
Article 382 (Exercise of Right of Option by Either Party)
Article 383 (Exercise of Right of Option by Third Person)
Article 384 (Transfer of Right of Option Vested in Third Person)
Article 385 (Specification of Alternative Claim Owing to Impossibility of Performance)
Article 386 (Retroactive Effect of Option)
SECTION 2 Effect of Claim
Article 387 (Time for Performance and Delay of Performance)
Article 388 (Forfeiture of Benefit of Time)
Article 389 (Compulsory Performance of Obligation)
Article 390 (Non-performance of Obligations and Compensation for Damages)
Article 391 (Intention or Negligence of Performance Assistant)
Article 392 (Compensation for Damages Arising from Delayed Performance)
Article 393 (Scope of Compensation for Damages)
Article 394 (Method of Compensation for Damages)
Article 395 (Performance Delay and Compensatory Damages)
Article 396 (Contributory Negligence)
Article 397 (Special Rules as to Non-performance of Monetary Debt)
Article 398 (Liquidated Damages)
Article 399 (Obligor's Subrogation to Obligee owing to Compensation for Damages)
Article 400 (Mora Creditoris)
Article 401 (Mora Creditoris and Responsibility of Obligor)
Article 402 (Obligee's Acceptance Delay and Responsibility of Obligor)
Article 403 (Mora Creditoris and Responsibility of Obligee)
Article 404 (Obligee's Right of Subrogation to Obligor)
Article 405 (Notice as to Exercise of Obligee's Rights of Subrogation to Obligor)
Article 406 (Obligee's Right of Revocation)
Article 407 (Effect of Revocation by Obligee)
SECTION 3 Several Obligees and Obligors
Sub-Section 1 General Provisions
Article 408 (Relationship of Divisible Claims)
Sub-Section 2 Indivisible Claims and Indivisible Obligations
Article 409 (Indivisible Claim)
Article 410 (Effect of Facts Arisen to One of Obligees)
Article 411 (Indivisible Obligations and Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 412 (Conversion into Divisible Claim and Divisible Obligation)
Sub-Section 3 Joint and Several Obligation
Article 413 (Content of Joint and Several Obligation)
Article 414 (Demand for Performance against Each of Obligors Jointly and Severally Liable)
Article 415 (Nullity or Voidance in Respect of Obligors)
Article 416 (Absolute Effect of Demand for Performance)
Article 417 (Absolute Effect of Novation)
Article 418 (Absolute Effect of Set-off)
Article 419 (Absolute Effect of Release)
Article 420 (Absolute Effect of Merger)
Article 421 (Absolute Effect of Extinctive Prescription)
Article 422 (Absolute Effect of Mora Creditoris)
Article 423 (Principles as to Relativity of Effect)
Article 424 (Equality of Contribution)
Article 425 (Right of Reimbursement of Obligor Who has Performed at His Own Expense)
Article 426 (Notice as Requisite for Reimbursement)
Article 427 (Share Incumbent upon Obligor who is Insolvent)
Sub-Section 4 Surety Obligation
Article 428 (Contents of Surety Obligation)
Article 429 (Extent of Surety Obligation)
Article 430 (Appendant Nature of Surety Obligation)
Article 431 (Requisite as to Surety)
Article 432 (Furnishing Other Security)
Article 433 (Surety and Defense of Principal Obligor)
Article 434 (Surety and Right to Set-off of Principal Obligor)
Article 435 (Surety and Right to Revocation, etc. of Principal Obligor)
Article 436 (Surety as to Voidable Obligation)
Article 437 (Defense by Surety of Peremptory Notice and Inquiry)
Article 438 (Effect of Laches as to Peremptory Notice or Inquiry)
Article 439 (Benefit of Division by Co-sureties)
Article 440 (Effect of Interruption of Prescription against Surety)
Article 441 (Right of Reimbursement of Fiduciary Surety)
Article 442 (Right of Preliminary Reimbursement of Fiduciary Surety)
Article 443 (Demand for Discharge by Principal Obligor)
Article 444 (Right of Reimbursement of Nonfiduciary Surety)
Article 445 (Notice as Requisite for Reimbursement)
Article 446 (Duty of Notice of Discharge to Surety of Principal Obligor)
Article 447 (Right of Reimbursement of Person Who has Become Surety for One of Obligors Jointly and Severally Liable or of Indivisible Obligation)
Article 448 (Right of Reimbursement among Co-sureties)
SECTION 4 Assignment of Claim
Article 449 (Assignability Nature of Claim)
Article 450 (Requisite for Setting up Assignment of Nominative Claim against Obligor)
Article 451 (Effect of Consent or Notice)
Article 452 (Notice of Assignment and Estoppel)
SECTION 5 Assumption of Obligation
Article 453 (Assumption of Obligation by Contract with Obligee)
Article 454 (Assumption of Obligation by Contract with Obligor)
Article 455 (Peremptory Notice to Confirm of Whether to Consent or not)
Article 456 (Withdrawal or Change of Assumption of Obligation)
Article 457 (Retroactive Effect of Assumption of Obligation)
Article 458 (Ground for Defense of Former Obligor)
Article 459 (Assumption of Obligation and Extinction of Suretyship or Security)
SECTION 6 Extinction of Claim
Sub-Section 1 Performance
Article 460 (Method of Tender of Performance)
Article 461 (Effect of Tender of Performance)
Article 462 (Delivery of Specific Thing in its Existing Condition)
Article 463 (Delivery of Thing Belonging to Another as Performance of Obligation)
Article 464 (Delivery of Thing by its Owner Who has No Capacity to Dispose of It)
Article 465 (Consumption or Assignment in Good Faith by Obligee and Right of Reimbursement)
Article 466 (Accord and Satisfaction)
Article 467 (Place of Performance)
Article 468 (Performance Prior to Time for Performance)
Article 469 (Performance by Third Person)
Article 470 (Performance to Quasi-Possessor of Claim)
Article 471 (Performance to Bearer of Receipt)
Article 472 (Performance to Unauthorized Person)
Article 473 (Bearing Expenses of Performance)
Article 474 (Claim of Receipt)
Article 475 (Claim of Return of Document Evidencing Obligation)
Article 476 (Designated Appropriation of Performance)
Article 477 (Constructive Appropriation of Performance by law)
Article 478 (Appropriation of Insufficient Performance)
Article 479 (Order of Appropriation of Performance to Expenses, Interest and Principal Obligation)
Article 480 (Voluntary Subrogation by Person Who has Performed Obligation)
Article 481 (Constructive Subrogation by Act of Person Who has Performed Obligation)
Article 482 (Effect of Subrogation by Person Who has Performed Obligation, Relations among Subrogators)
Article 483 (Partial Subrogation)
Article 484 (Performance by Subrogation, Documents Relating to Obligation, and Security)
Article 485 (Loss or Diminution of Security by Obligee and Discharge of Person Entitled to Constructive Subrogation)
Article 486 (Extinction of Obligation Otherwise than by Means of Performance and Subrogation)
Sub-Section 2 Deposit
Article 487 (Requisite and Effect of Deposit for Performance)
Article 488 (Method of Deposit)
Article 489 (Recovery of Deposited Article)
Article 490 (Deposit of Proceeds)
Article 491 (Acceptance of Deposited Article and Performance of Reciprocal Obligations)
Sub-Section 3 Set-off
Article 492 (Requisite for Set-off)
Article 493 (Method and Effect of Set-off)
Article 494 (Set-off of Obligations Which Are to be Performed at Different Places)
Article 495 (Set-off by Claim with Completed Extinctive Prescription)
Article 496 (Prohibition of Set-off against Obligation Arisen from Intentional Unlawful Act)
Article 497 (Prohibition of Set-off against Obligation of Which Attachment is Prohibited)
Article 498 (Prohibition of Set-off against Obligation under Garnishment Order)
Article 499 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Sub-Section 4 Novation
Article 500 (Requisite for and Effect of Novation)
Article 501 (Novation by Change of Obligor)
Article 502 (Novation by Change of Obligee)
Article 503 (Novation Changing Obligee and Effect of Consent of Obligor)
Article 504 (Case of Non-extinguishment of Original Obligation)
Article 505 (Transfer to New Obligation of Security)
Sub-Section 5 Release
Article 506 (Requisite for and Effect of Release)
Sub-Section 6 Merger
Article 507 (Requisite for and Effect of Merger)
SECTION 7 Debts Payable to Order
Article 508 (Form of Assignment of Debt Payable to Order)
Article 509 (Endorsement to Party Liable on Instrument)
Article 510 (Form of Endorsement)
Article 511 (Form of Disposition of Informal Endorsement)
Article 512 (Effect of Endorsement Payable "To Bearer")
Article 513 (Effect of Establishing Title by Endorsement)
Article 514 (Effect of Establishing Title-a bona fide Purchase)
Article 515 (Endorsement Transferring Rights and Personal Defenses)
Article 516 (Place of Performance)
Article 517 (Presentation of Instrument and Performance Delay)
Article 518 (Right and Duty of Debtor to Verify)
Article 519 (Performance and Delivery of Instrument)
Article 520 (The Claim to Subscribe Receipt of Instrument)
Article 521 (Lapse of Instrument by Procedure of Public Summons)
Article 522 (Deposit or Performance by Procedure of Public Summons)
SECTION 8 Debts Payable to Bearer
Article 523 (Form of Assignment of Bearer Security)
Article 524 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 525 (Debt Payable to Named Obligee or to Bearer)
Article 526 (Instrument for Discharge)
CHAPTER II CONTRACT
SECTION 1 General Provisions
Sub-Section 1 Formation of Contract
Article 527 (Binding Force of Offer of Contract)
Article 528 (Offer of Contract Specifying Period for Acceptance)
Article 529 (Offer of Contract not Specifying Period for Acceptance)
Article 530 (Effect of Delayed Acceptance)
Article 531 (Time Contract Inter Absentes Comes into Existence)
Article 532 (Formation of Contract by Realization of Intention)
Article 533 (Crossed Offer)
Article 534 (Acceptance with Modification)
Article 535 (Culpa in Contrabendo)
Sub-Section 2 Effect of Contract
Article 536 (Exceptio non adimpleti contractus)
Article 537 (Obligor's Burden to Bear Risk)
Article 538 (Impossibility of Performance due to Cause for Which Obligee is Responsible)
Article 539 (Contract in Favour of Third Person)
Article 540 (Obligor's Right to Demand Third Person's Answer)
Article 541 (Establishment of Third Person's Right)
Article 542 (Obligor's Right to Defend)
Sub-Section 3 Rescission for the Future and Rescission of Contract
Article 543 (Right of Rescission for Future or of Rescission)
Article 544 (Delay of Performance and Rescission)
Article 545 (Periodic Acts and Rescission)
Article 546 (Impossibility of Performance and Rescission)
Article 547 (Indivisibility of Right of Rescission for Future or of Rescission)
Article 548 (Effect of Rescission and Restitutio in Integrum)
Article 549 (Restitutio in Integrum and Exceptio non Adimpleti Contractus)
Article 550 (Effect of Rescission for Future)
Article 551 (Rescission for Future or Rescission and Claims for Damages)
Article 552 (Right of Peremptory Notice as to Whether Other Party Exercises Right of Rescission or not)
Article 553 (Extinction of Right of Rescission due to Injury, etc.)
SECTION 2 Gift
Article 554 (Meaning of Contract of Gift)
Article 555 (Contract of Gift not in Writing and its Rescission)
Article 556 (Acts of Donee and Rescission of Contract of Gift)
Article 557 (Change of Donor's Property Status and Rescission of Contract of Gift)
Article 558 (Rescission and Portion as to Which Performance of Contract has been Completed)
Article 559 (Donor's Liability for Warranty)
Article 560 (Gift for Periodical Performance and Lapse due to Death)
Article 561 (Gift subject to Charge)
Article 562 (Gift Effective upon Death)
SECTION 3 Sale
Sub-Section 1 General Provisions
Article 563 (Definition of Sale)
Article 564 (Unilateral Promise to Sell or Purchase)
Article 565 (Earnest Money)
Article 566 (Burden of Expenses Relating to Contract of Sale)
Article 567 (Mutatis Mutandis Application to Contract for Value)
Sub-Section 2 Effect of Sale
Article 568 (Effect of Sale)
Article 569 (Sale of Right Belonging to Another Person)
Article 570 (Sale of Right Belonging to Another Person-Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 571 (Sale of Right Belonging to Another Person-bona fide Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 572 (Case Where Part of Right Belongs to Another Person and Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 573 (Period during Which Right Mentioned in Preceding Article is to be Exercised)
Article 574 (Partial Shortage and Loss of Items Sold and Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 575 (Case Where Restricted Real Rights Exist in Contract and Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 576 (Exercise of Right of Mortgage or Chonsegwon and Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 577 (Sale of Superficies and Chonsegwon Which Forms Subject of Mortgage and Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 578 (Sale by Auction and Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 579 (Sale of Claim and Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 580 (Seller's Liability for Warranty Against Defect)
Article 581 (Sale in Kind and Seller's Liability for Warranty)
Article 582 (Period during Which Rights Mentioned in Preceding Two Articles are to be Exercised)
Article 583 (Liability for Warranty and Concurrent Fulfillment)
Article 584 (Special Stipulation for Relief of Liability for Warranty)
Article 585 (Presumption of Same Time-Limit)
Article 586 (Place of Payment of Purchase-Price)
Article 587 (Reversion of Fruits and Interest on Purchase-Price)
Article 588 (Buyer's Right to Refuse Payment of Purchase-Price Where Third Person Claims Right)
Article 589 (Seller's Right to Demand Buyer to Deposit Purchase-Money)
Sub-Section 3 Redemption
Article 590 (Definition of Redemption)
Article 591 (Period for Redemption)
Article 592 (Registration of Right of Redemption)
Article 593 (Subrogative Exercise of Right of Redemption and Right of Buyer)
Article 594 (Execution of Redemption)
Article 595 (Redemption of Common Share)
SECTION 4 Contract of Exchange
Article 596 (Definition of Contract of Exchange)
Article 597 (Supplementary Disbursement of Money)
SECTION 5 Loan for Consumption
Article 598 (Definition of Loan for Consumption)
Article 599 (Bankruptcy and Invalidation of Loan for Consumption)
Article 600 (Commencement of Computing Interest)
Article 601 (Loan for Consumption Bearing No Interest and Right of Rescission)
Article 602 (Lender's Liability for Warranty)
Article 603 (Time to Return )
Article 604 (Refund of Market Price due to Impossibility of Return)
Article 605 (Quasi-Loan for Consumption)
Article 606 (Loan by Substitutes)
Article 607 (Promise to Return by Substitutes)
Article 608 (Prohibition of Agreement Prejudicial to Borrower)
SECTION 6 Loan for Use
Article 609 (Definition of Loan for Use)
Article 610 (Borrower's Right to Use and Take Profits)
Article 611 (Burden to Bear Expenses)
Article 612 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 613 (Time to Return Object Borrowed)
Article 614 (Borrower's Death or Bankruptcy and Rescission of Contract for Future)
Article 615 (Borrower's Duty for restitutio in integrum and Right to Remove)
Article 616 (Co-borrower's Joint Obligation)
Article 617 (Period for Claiming Damages and Reimbursement of Expenses)
SECTION 7 Lease
Article 618 (Definition of Lease)
Article 619 (Short Term Lease Given by Person without Capacity or Authority to Dispose of Property)
Article 620 (Renewal of Short Term Lease)
Article 621 (Registration of Lease)
Article 622 (Defenses Set up against Third Person of Lease of Land for Which Ownership of Building has been Registered)
Article 623 (Lessor's Duty)
Article 624 (Lessor's Act of Preservation and Duty of Tolerance)
Article 625 (Act of Preservation against Intention of Lessee and Lessee's Right of Rescission for Future)
Article 626 (Lessee's Right to Demand Reimbursement)
Article 627 (Partial Loss of Object Leased, and Right to Demand Reduction of Rent and Right of Rescission for Future)
Article 628 (Right to Demand an Increase or Reduction of Rent)
Article 629 (Restriction on Assignment of Right of Lease and Sub-lease)
Article 630 (Effect of Sub-lease)
Article 631 (Confirmation of Sub-lessee's Rights)
Article 632 (In Case Where Lessee Allows Third Person to Use Small Part of Building Leased)
Article 633 (Time to Pay Rent)
Article 634 (Lessee's Duty to Give Notice)
Article 635 (Notice of Rescission for Future of Lease without Fixed Period)
Article 636 (Notice of Rescission for Future of Lease with Fixed Period)
Article 637 (Lessee's Bankruptcy and Notice of Rescission of Contract for Future)
Article 638 (Notice of Rescission to Sub-lessee)
Article 639 (Implicit Renewal)
Article 640 (Rent in Arrears and Rescission of Lease for Future)
Article 641 (Rent in Arrears and Rescission Future)
Article 642 (Rescission of Lease of Land for Future and Notice to Mortgage Right Holders)
Article 643 (Lessee's Right to Demand Renewal of Contract and Right to Demand Purchase of Building, etc.)
Article 644 (Sub-lessee's Right to Demand Lease Contract and Right to Demand Purchase of Building)
Article 645 (Right to Demand Lease and Right to Demand Purchase Exercisable by Lessee of Land which became Object of Superficies)
Article 646 (Lessee's Right to Demand Purchase of Accessories)
Article 647 (Sub-Lessee's Right to Demand Purchase of Accessories)
Article 648 (Pledge for Accessories, Fruits, etc. on Leased Land, Recognized by Law)
Article 649 (Mortgage on Building on Leased Land, Recognized by Law)
Article 650 (Pledge for Accessories attached to Leased Building, etc., Recognized by Law)
Article 651 (Duration of Lease Contract)
Article 652 (Mandatory Provisions)
Article 653 (Special Rule Applicable to Lease for Temporary Use)
Article 654 (Provisions to be applied Mutatis Mutandis)
SECTION 8 Contract of Employment
Article 655 (Definition of Contract of Employment)
Article 656 (Amount of Remuneration and Time to Pay)
Article 657 (Exclusivity of Rights and Duties)
Article 658 (Content of Service and Right of Rescission for Future)
Article 659 (Lapse of Three Years or More and Right to Give Notice of Rescission of Contract for Future)
Article 660 (Notice of Rescission for Future of Contract of Employment in which No Period has been Fixed)
Article 661 (Unavoidable Cause and Right to Rescind Contract for Future)
Article 662 (Implicit Renewal)
Article 663 (Employer's Bankruptcy and Notice of Rescission of Contract for Future)
SECTION 9 Contract for Work
Article 664 (Definition of Contract for Work)
Article 665 (Time to Make Remuneration)
Article 666 (Contractor's Right to Demand Creation of Mortgage on Immovable which is Object of Contract)
Article 667 (Contractor's Liability for Warranty)
Article 668 (Contractor's Liability for Warranty-Right of Rescission of Person Who Ordered Work)
Article 669 (Contractor's Liability for Warranty-Release from Responsibility in Case Defect has Arisen through Nature of Materials Supplied or Instructions Given by Person Who Ordered Work)
Article 670 (Duration of Warranty Liabilities)
Article 671 (Contractor's Liability for Warranty Special Rules Applicable to Land, Building, etc.)
Article 672 (Special Agreement Releasing Warranty Liabilities)
Article 673 (Right of Rescission of Person who Ordered Work Before Its Completion)
Article 674 (Bankruptcy of Person who Ordered Work and Right of Rescission)
SECTION 10 Advertisement for Prize Contest
Article 675 (Definition of Advertisement for Prize Contest)
Article 676 (Person Entitled to Reward)
Article 677 (Act Done by Person Who was not Aware of Advertisement)
Article 678 (Advertisement which Specifies Prize only for Performance of Highest Credit)
Article 679 (Withdrawal of Advertisement for Prize Contest)
SECTION 11 Mandate
Article 680 (Definition of Mandate)
Article 681 (Mandatary's Duty of Care and Due Diligence)
Article 682 (Restriction on Right of Reappointment)
Article 683 (Mandatary's Duty to Report)
Article 684 (Mandatary's Duty to Deliver and Transfer Things Acquired, etc.)
Article 685 (Mandatary's Liability for Pecuniary Consumption of Money)
Article 686 (Mandatary's Right to Demand Remuneration)
Article 687 (Mandatary's Right to Demand in Advance Payment of Expenses)
Article 688 (Mandatary's Right to Demand Reimbursement of Expenses, etc.)
Article 689 (Right to Terminate Mandate by either Party at Will)
Article 690 (Death, Bankruptcy, etc. and Termination of Mandate)
Article 691 (Measures for Urgency at Time of Termination of Mandate)
Article 692 (Requirement of Setting up of Termination of Mandate)
SECTION 12 Bailment
Article 693 (Definition of Bailment)
Article 694 (Prohibition on Use of Bailed Articles by Bailee)
Article 695 (Gratuitous Bailee's Duty of Care)
Article 696 (Bailee's Duty to Give Notice)
Article 697 (Bailor's Liability to Redress Damages Arisen from Nature of or any Defect in Bailed Articles)
Article 698 (Rescission of Contract of Bailment for Future on which Period has been Fixed)
Article 699 (Rescission of Contract of Bailment for future on which No Period has been Fixed)
Article 700 (Place of Returning Bailed Articles)
Article 701 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 702 (Bailment subject to Consumption)
SECTION 13 Partnership
Article 703 (Definition of Partnership)
Article 704 (Partnership-ownership of Partnership Property)
Article 705 (Liability for any Pecuniary Contribution in Arrears)
Article 706 (Method of Managing Partnership Affairs)
Article 707 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 708 (Resignation and Removal of Manager of Partnership Affairs)
Article 709 (Presumption of Representative Power of Managers)
Article 710 (Partner's Right to Inspect Affairs and Status of Property of Partnership)
Article 711 (Ratio of Sharing of Profit and Loss)
Article 712 (Creditor's Exercise of Right against Partners)
Article 713 (Debt of Insolvent Partner and Other Partner's Liabilities)
Article 714 (Effect of Attachment of Shares)
Article 715 (Prohibition of Set-off by Debtor of Partnership)
Article 716 (Voluntary Retirement)
Article 717 (Non-Voluntary Retirement)
Article 718 (Expulsion)
Article 719 (Settlement of Account of an Ex-Partner's Share)
Article 720 (Demand to Dissolve Partnership due to Inevitable Reasons)
Article 721 (Liquidator)
Article 722 (Liquidator's Way of Conducting Partnership Affairs)
Article 723 (Resignation and Removal of Liquidator who is Partner)
Article 724 (Liquidator's Duties, Powers, and Distribution of Surplus Assets)
SECTION 14 Life Annuity
Article 725 (Definition of Contract of Life Annuity)
Article 726 (Computation of Life Annuity)
Article 727 (Rescission of Contract of Life Annuity)
Article 728 (Rescission and Concurrent Performance)
Article 729 (Death Occurred by any Reason Attributable to Obligor and Declaration of Continuance of an Obligation)
Article 730 (Life Annuity due to Testamentary Gift)
SECTION 15 Compromise
Article 731 (Definition of Compromise)
Article 732 (Creative Effect of Compromise)
Article 733 (Effect of Compromise and Mistake)
CHAPTER III MANAGEMENT OF AFFAIRS
Article 734 (Definition of Management of Affairs)
Article 735 (Management of Affairs in Urgency)
Article 736 (Manager's Duty to Give Notice)
Article 737 (Manager's Duty to Continue Management)
Article 738 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 739 (Manager's Right to Demand Reimbursement of Expenses)
Article 740 (Manager's Right to Claim for Indemnification Suffered without Negligence)
CHAPTER IV UNJUST ENRICHMENT
Article 741 (Definition of Unjust Enrichment)
Article 742 (Discharge without Obligation)
Article 743 (Discharge prior to Due Date)
Article 744 (Discharge without Olbigation which Conforms to Moral Sense)
Article 745 (Discharge of Another Person's Obligation)
Article 746 (Performance for Illegal Cause)
Article 747 (Cases where Original Object is not Returnable, Liability for Return of Value, and Liability of Subsequent Purchaser)
Article 748 (Amount of Benefits to be Returned by Person Enriched)
Article 749 (Recognition of Bad Faith of Person Enriched)
CHAPTER V TORTS
Article 750 (Definition of Torts)
Article 751 (Compensation for Non-Economic Damages)
Article 752 (Consolation Money where of Violation of Life)
Article 753 (Minor's Competency)
Article 754 (Competency of Person of Mental Unsoundness)
Article 755 (Supervisor's Liability)
Article 756 (Employer's Liability for Damages)
Article 757 (Liability of Person who Ordered Work to be Done)
Article 758 (Liability of Possessor, Owner of Structure, etc.)
Article 759 (Liability of Possessor of Animals)
Article 760 (Liability of Joint Tort-feasors)
Article 761 (Self-Defense and Act of Necessity)
Article 762 (Status of Unborn Child in respect of Claims for Damage)
Article 763 (Applicable Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 764 (Special Rules which Govern in case of Defamation)
Article 765 (Application for Reduction in Compensation Amount)
Article 766 (Prescription in respect of Right to Claim for Damages)
PART IV RELATIVES
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISION
Article 767 (Definition of Relatives)
Article 768 (Definition of Blood Relatives)
Article 769 (Lineal of Relatives by Affinity)
Article 770 (Computation of Degree of Relationship of Blood Relatives)
Article 771 (Calculation of Degrees of Affinity)
Article 772 (Parental Lineage and Degree of Relationship of Adopted Child)
Articles 773 and 774 Deleted.
Article 775 (Extinction of Affinity Relation, etc.)
Article 776 (Extinction of Relationship by Adoption)
Article 777 (Scope of Relatives)
CHAPTER II SCOPE OF FAMILY MEMBERS AND SURNAME AND ORIGIN OF SURNAME OF CHILD
Article 778 Deleted.
Article 779 (Scope of Family Members)
Article 780 Deleted.
Article 781 (Surname and Origin of Surname of Child)
Articles 782 through 789 Deleted.
Article 790 Deleted.
Article 791 Deleted.
Article 792 Deleted.
Articles 793 through 796 Deleted.
Articles 797 through 799 Deleted.
CHAPTER III MARRIAGE
SECTION 1 Matrimonial Engagement
Article 800 (Freedom of Matrimonial Engagement)
Article 801 (Eligible Age for Matrimonial Engagement)
Article 802 (Adult Guardianship and Matrimonial Engagement)
Article 803 (Prohibition of Compulsory Performance of Matrimonial Engagement)
Article 804 (Causes for Dissolution of Matrimonial Engagement)
Article 805 (Method of Dissolution of Matrimonial Engagement)
Article 806 (Dissolution of Matrimonial Engagement and Claims for Damages)
SECTION 2 Formation of Marriage
Article 807 (Marriageable Age)
Article 808 (Marriage Requiring Consent)
Article 809 (Prohibition of Consanguineous Marriage, etc.)
Article 810 (Prohibition of Bigamy)
Article 811 Deleted.
Article 812 (Formation of Marriage)
Article 813 (Examination of Marriage Report)
Article 814 (Marriage Report in Foreign State)
SECTION 3 Nullity and Annulment of Marriage
Article 815 (Nullity of Marriage)
Article 816 (Causes for Annulment of Marriage)
Article 817 (Claimant for Annulment of Marriage in Violation of Marriageable Age, etc.)
Article 818 (Claimant for Annulment of Bigamy)
Article 819 (Extinction of Right of Claim for Annulment of Marriage without Consent)
Article 820 (Extinction of Right of Claim for Annulment of Consanguineous Marriage, etc.)
Article 821 Deleted.
Article 822 (Extinction of Right of Claim for Annulment of Marriage due to Malignant Disease, etc.)
Article 823 (Extinction of Right of Claim for Annulment of Marriage by Fraud or Duress)
Article 824 (Effect of Annulment of Marriage)
Article 824-2 (Annulment of Marriage, Fosterage of Children, etc.)
Article 825 (Annulment of Marriage and Right to Claim Damages)
SECTION 4 Effect of Marriage
Sub-Section 1 General Effect
Article 826 (Duties of Husband and Wife)
Article 826-2 (Attaining Majority by Marriage)
Article 827 (Right of Representation between Husband and Wife for Home Affairs)
Article 828 Deleted.
Sub-Section 2 Effect on Property
Article 829 (Agreement and its Alteration on Matrimonial Property)
Article 830 (Peculiar Property and Property of which Title is Uncertain)
Article 831 (Management, etc. of Peculiar Property)
Article 832 (Joint Liability for Obligations with respect to Home Affairs)
Article 833 (Living Expenses)
SECTION 5 Divorce
Sub-Section 1 Divorce by Agreement
Article 834 (Divorce by Agreement)
Article 835 (Adult guardianship and Divorce by Agreement)
Article 836 (Taking Effect of Divorce and Method of Reporting)
Article 836-2 (Procedure of Divorce)
Article 837 (Divorce and Responsibility of Fostering Children)
Article 837-2 (Visitation Rights)
Article 838 (Claims for Revocation of Divorce by Fraud and Duress)
Article 839 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 839-2 (Claim for Division of Property)
Article 839-3 (Right to Revoke Fraudulent Act for Preservation of Claim for Division of Property)
Sub-Section 2 Judicial Divorce
Article 840 (Causes for Judicial Divorce)
Article 841 (Extinction of Right to Apply for Divorce due to Unchastity)
Article 842 (Extinction of Right to Apply for Divorce due to Any Other Reason)
Article 843 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
CHAPTER IV PARENTS AND CHILDREN
SECTION 1 Children of Natural Parent
Article 844 (Presumption as Husband's Child)
Article 845 (Determination of Paternity by Court)
Article 846 (Denial of Paternity of Child)
Article 847 (Action of Denial of Paternity)
Article 848 (Adult Guardianship and Action of Denial of Paternity)
Article 849 (Denial of Paternity after Death of Child)
Article 850 (Denial of Paternity by Will)
Article 851 (Death of Husband before Birth of Child, etc. and Denial of Paternity)
Article 852 (Extinction of Right of Denial of Paternity)
Article 853 Deleted.
Article 854 (Revocation of Recognition caused by Fraud or Duress)
Article 855 (Affiliation)
Article 856 (Affiliation by Adult Ward)
Article 857 (Affiliation of Deceased Child)
Article 858 (Affiliation of Unborn Child)
Article 859 (Effectiveness of Affiliation)
Article 860 (Retrospective Effect of Affiliation)
Article 861 (Revocation of Affiliation)
Article 862 (Action of Demurrer against Affiliation)
Article 863 (Action Demanding Affiliation)
Article 864 (Death of Father or Mother and Action Demanding Affiliation)
Article 864-2 (Affiliation and Responsibility of Fostering Child, etc.)
Article 865 (Action Demanding Confirmation of Denial or Existence of Paternity due to Any Other Reasons)
SECTION 2 Adopted Children
Sub-Section 1 Requisites for, and Effect of, Adoption
Article 866 (Capacity for Adoption)
Article 867 (Permission from Family Court for Adoption of Minor)
Article 868 Deleted.
Article 869 (Declaration of Intent to Adopt)
Article 870 (Parents' Consent to Adoption of Minor)
Article 871 (Consent from Parents for Adoption of Adult)
Article 872 Deleted.
Article 873 (Adoption of Adult Ward)
Article 874 (Joint Adoption by Husband and Wife)
Article 875 Deleted.
Article 876 Deleted.
Article 877 (Prohibition of Adoption)
Article 878 (Formation of Adoption)
Articles 879 and 880 Deleted.
Article 881 (Examination of Adoption Reports)
Article 882 (Adoption Reports in Foreign Country)
Article 882-2 (Effect of Adoption)
Sub-Section 2 Nullity and Annulment of Adoption
Article 883 (Causes for Nullity of Adoption)
Article 884 (Causes for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 885 (Claimants for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 886 (Claimants for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 887 (Claimants for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 888 (Claimants for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 889 (Extinction of Right to Claim for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 890 Deleted.
Article 891 (Extinction of Right to Claim for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 892 Deleted.
Article 893 (Extinction of Right to Claim for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 894 (Extinction of Right to Claim for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 895 Deleted.
Article 896 (Extinction of Right to Claim for Annulment of Adoption)
Article 897 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Sub-Section 3 Dissolution of Adoptive Relation
Sub-Subsection 1 Dissolution of Adoptive Relation by Agreement
Article 898 (Dissolution of Adoptive Relation by Agreement)
Article 899 Deleted.
Article 900 Deleted.
Article 901 Deleted.
Article 902 (Dissolution of Adoptive Relation by Agreement for Adult Ward)
Article 903 (Examination of Reports on Dissolution of Adoptive Relation)
Article 904 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Sub-Subsection 2 Judicial Dissolution of Adoptive Relation
Article 905 (Causes for Judicial Dissolution of Adoptive Relation)
Article 906 (Person Entitled to Claim for Dissolution of Adoptive Relation)
Article 907 (Extinction of Right to Claim for Dissolution of Adoptive Relation)
Article 908 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Sub-Section 4 Full Adoption
Article 908-2 (Requisites, etc. for Full Adoption)
Article 908-3 (Effect of Full Adoption)
Article 908-4 (Annulment, etc. of Full Adoption)
Article 908-5 (Dissolution of Full Adoption)
Article 908-6 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 908-7 (Effect of Annulment and Dissolution of Full Adoption)
Article 908-8 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
SECTION 3 Parental Authority
Sub-Section 1 General Provisions
Article 909 (Custodian)
Article 909-2 (Designation, etc. of Person of Parental Authority)
Article 910 (Exercise of Child's Parental Authority)
Article 911 (Legal Representative of Minor Child)
Article 912 (Exercise of Parental Authority and Standards for Designation of Person of Parental Authority)
Sub-Section 2 Effect of Parental Authority
Article 913 (Rights and Duties to Protect and Educate Child)
Article 914 (Right to Designate Place of Residence)
Article 915 (Right to Take Disciplinary Action)
Article 916 (Child's Peculiar Property and Management thereof)
Article 917 Deleted.
Article 918 (Management of Property Gifted to Child by Third Party)
Article 919 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Provisions concerning Mandate)
Article 920 (Right of Representation by Person of Parental Authority with respect to Child's Property)
Article 920-2 (Effect of Act done under Joint Names by One of Persons of Joint Parental Authority)
Article 921 (Acts of Conflicting Interest between Person of Parental Authority and Child, or among Children)
Article 922 (Duty of Person of Parental Authority to Pay Due Care and Diligence)
Article 923 (Account of Property Management)
Sub-Section 3 Loss of Parental Authority
Article 924 (Adjudication on Loss of Parental Authority)
Article 925 (Adjudication on Loss of Rights to Representation and Property Management)
Article 926 (Adjudication on Recovery of Lost Authority)
Article 927 (Surrender and Recovery of Right of Representation and of Property Management)
Article 927-2 (Loss of Parental Authority and Designation, etc. of Person of Parental Authority)
CHAPTER V GUARDIANSHIP
SECTION 1 Guardianship for Minors and Adult Guardianship
Subsection 1 Guardians
Article 928 (Commencement of Guardianship for Minors)
Article 929 (Commencement of Guardianship by Adjudication on Commencement of Adult Guardianship)
Article 930 (Number of, and Qualification for Guardians)
Article 931 (Designation, etc. of Guardians of Minors by Will)
Article 932 (Appointment of Guardians of Minors)
Article 933 Deleted.
Article 934 Deleted.
Article 935 Deleted.
Article 936 (Appointment of Adult Guardians)
Article 937 (Grounds for Disqualification as Guardians)
Article 938 (Right of Representation, etc. of Guardians)
Article 939 (Resignation of Guardians)
Article 940 (Replacement of Guardians)
Subsection 2 Supervisors of Guardianship
Article 940-2 (Designation of Supervisors of Guardianship for Minors)
Article 940-3 (Appointment of Supervisors of Guardianship for Minors)
Article 940-4 (Appointment of Supervisors of Adult Guardianship)
Article 940-5 (Grounds for Disqualification as Supervisors of Guardianship)
Article 940-6 (Duties of Supervisors of Guardianship)
Article 940-7 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of Provisions Relating to Delegation and Guardian)
Subsection 3 (Duties of Guardians)
Article 941 (Investigation of Property and Preparation of Inventory)
Article 942 (Presentation of Claims and Obligations by Guardians)
Article 943 (Authority of Guardians prior to Completion of Inventory)
Article 944 (Investigation of Property Acquired by Wards, etc. under Blanket Title)
Article 945 (Rights and Duties of Guardians on Status of Minors)
Article 946 (Guardianship Limited to Property Management)
Article 947 (Welfare of Adult Wards and Respect of Opinions)
Article 947-2 (Decisions, etc. on Personal Matters of Adult Wards)
Article 948 (Exercise of Parental Authority over Minors)
Article 949 (Right of Property Management and of Representation)
Article 949-2 (Exercise, etc. of Authority where Adult Ward Has Multiple Guardians)
Article 949-3 (Acts of Conflicting Interests)
Article 950 (Acts Requiring Consent of Supervisors of Guardianship)
Article 951 (Cancellation of Acquisition of Property, etc. of Ward by Transfer)
Article 952 (Peremptory Notice by other Party on whether to Ratify)
Article 953 (Supervision over Guardianship Affairs by Supervisors of Guardianship)
Article 954 (Dispositions concerning Guardianship Affairs by Family Court)
Article 955 (Remuneration for Guardians)
Article 955-2 (Amount of Expenses Due and Expenses for Performance of Affairs)
Article 956 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of Provisions of Mandate and Parental Authority)
Subsection 4 Termination of Guardianship
Article 957 (Termination of Guardianship Duties and Account of Management)
Article 958 (Addition of Interest and Liability for Pecuniary Expenditure)
Article 959 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of Provisions concerning Mandate)
SECTION 2 Limited Guardianship and Specific Guardianship
Article 959-2 (Commencement of Limited Guardianship)
Article 959-3 (Appointment, etc. of Limited Guardians)
Article 959-4 (Rights to Representation, etc. of Limited Guardians)
Article 959-5 (Supervisors of Limited Guardianship)
Article 959-6 (Limited Guardianship Affairs)
Article 959-7 (Termination, etc. of Duties of Limited Guardians)
Article 959-8 (Protective Measures Related to Specific Guardianship)
Article 959-9 (Appointment, etc. of Specific Guardians)
Article 959-10 (Supervisors of Specific Guardianship)
Article 959-11 (Rights to Representation of Specific Guardians)
Article 959-12 (Specific Guardianship Affairs)
Article 959-13 (Termination, etc. of Duties of Specific Guardians)
SECTION 3 Guardianship Contracts
Article 959-14 (Meaning, Method, etc. of Contracting Guardianship)
Article 959-15 (Appointment of Supervisors of Voluntary Guardianship)
Article 959-16 (Duties, etc. of Supervisors of Voluntary Guardianship)
Article 959-17 (Restrictions, etc. on Commencement of Voluntary Guardianship)
Article 959-18 (Termination of Guardianship Contracts)
Article 959-19 (Extinction of Rights to Representation of Voluntary Guardian and Relationship with Third Person)
Article 959-20 (Relationships between Guardianship Contract and Adult Guardianship, Limited Guardianship and Specific Guardianship)
CHAPTER VI Deleted.
Articles 960 and 973 Deleted.
CHAPTER VII SUPPORT
Article 974 (Duty to Furnish Support)
Article 975 (Duty to Furnish Support and Ability of Living)
Article 976 (Order to Furnish Support)
Article 977 (Extent and Method of Support)
Article 978 (Alteration or Revocation of Support Relation)
Article 979 (Prohibition of Disposition of Claim for Support)
CHAPTER VIII Deleted.
SECTION 1 Deleted.
Articles 980 through 983 Deleted.
Article 981 Deleted.
Article 982 Deleted.
Article 983 Deleted.
SECTION 2 Deleted.
Article 984 Deleted.
Article 985 Deleted.
Article 986 Deleted.
Article 987 Deleted.
Article 988 Deleted.
Article 989 Deleted.
Article 990 Deleted.
Article 991 Deleted.
Article 992 Deleted.
Article 993 Deleted.
Article 994 Deleted.
SECTION 3-0
Article 995 Deleted.
Article 996 Deleted.
PART V INHERITANCE
CHAPTER I INHERITANCE
SECTION 1 General Provisions
Article 997 (Causes for Commencement of Inheritance)
Article 998 (Place of Commencement of Inheritance)
Article 998-2 (Expenses for Inheritance)
Article 999 (Claim for Recovery of Inheritance)
SECTION 2 Inheritor
Article 1000 (Priority of Inheritance)
Article 1001 (Inheritance by Representation)
Article 1002 Deleted.
Article 1003 (Order of Inheritance of Spouse)
Article 1004 (Cause Whereby Inheritor becomes Disqualified)
SECTION 3 Effects of Inheritance
Sub-Section 1 General Effect
Article 1005 (Inheritance and Succession of Blanket Rights and Duties)
Article 1006 (Joint Inheritance and Co-ownership of Inherited Property)
Article 1007 (Co-Inheritor's Succession to Rights and Duties of Inheritee)
Article 1008 (Shares of Inheritance for Special Beneficiary)
Article 1008-2 (Contributory Portion)
Article 1008-3 (Inheritance of Graveyards, etc.)
Sub-Section 2 Shares of Inheritance
Article 1009 (Legal Portions in Inheritance)
Article 1010 (Shares of Inheritance by Representation)
Article 1011 (Assignment of Common Shares in Joint Inheritance)
Sub-Section 3 Division of Inherited Property
Article 1012 (Determination of Method Division or Forbidding Division by Will)
Article 1013 (Division by Agreement)
Article 1014 (Right to Apply for Division by Person, etc. Affiliated after Division of Inherited Property)
Article 1015 (Retroactive Effect of Division)
Article 1016 (Liability for Warranty to be Borne by Co-Inheritor)
Article 1017 (Liability for Warranty for Solvency of Obligor to Inheritance)
Article 1018 (Apportionment of Warranty Liability of Insolvent Co-Inheritor)
SECTION 4 Acceptance and Renunciation of Inheritance
Sub-Section 1 General Provisions
Article 1019 (Period for Acceptance and Renunciation)
Article 1020 (Period for Acceptance and Renunciation by Person with Limited Capacity)
Article 1021 (Special Rule Governing Calculation of Period for Acceptance or Renunciation)
Article 1022 (Management of Inherited Property)
Article 1023 (Disposition Necessary for Preservation of Inherited Property)
Article 1024 (Prohibition of Revocation of Acceptance or Renunciation)
Sub-Section 2 Absolute Acceptance
Article 1025 (Effect of Absolute Acceptance)
Article 1026 (Absolute Acceptance by Law)
Article 1027 (Exception to Absolute Acceptance by Law)
Sub-Section 3 Qualified Acceptance
Article 1028 (Effect of Qualified Acceptance)
Article 1029 (Qualified Acceptance by Co-Inheritors)
Article 1030 (Method of Qualified Acceptance)
Article 1031 (Qualified Acceptance and Non-extinction of Rights and Duties over Property)
Article 1032 (Public Notice and Peremptory Notice towards Obligees)
Article 1033 (Refusal of Performance within Period of Peremptory Notice)
Article 1034 (Performance by Distribution)
Article 1035 (Performance of Obligations, etc., which are not yet Due)
Article 1036 (Performance to Testamentary Donees)
Article 1037 (Sale of Inherited Property by Auction)
Article 1038 (Liability Arising from Unfair Performance. etc.)
Article 1039 (Obligees, etc. who Fail to Give Notice of Their Claims)
Article 1040 (Property Jointly Inherited and Appointment of Administrator Thereof)
Sub-Section 4 Renunciation
Article 1041 (Method of Renunciation)
Article 1042 (Retroactive Effect of Renunciation)
Article 1043 (Reversion of Renounced Inherited Property)
Article 1044 (Duty to Continue Management of Renounced Inherited Property)
SECTION 5 Separation of Property
Article 1045 (Right to Apply to Court for Separation of Inherited Property)
Article 1046 (Order to Separate Property, and Pubic and Peremptory Notice to Obligees, etc.)
Article 1047 (Management of Inherited Property after Separation of Property)
Article 1048 (Inheritor's Duty to Manage Property Inherited after Separation of Property)
Article 1049 (Condition to Set up against Third Person in case of Separation of Property)
Article 1050 (Separation of Property and Non-extinguishment of Right and Duty)
Article 1051 (Refusal of Performance and Performance by Distribution)
Article 1052 (Performance of Obligation out of Inherent Property)
SECTION 6 Absence of Inheritor
Article 1053 (Administrator of Property of which Inheritor does not Exist)
Article 1054 (Presentation of Inventory of Property and Report on Status of Property)
Article 1055 (Cases in which Existence of Inheritor Becomes Clear)
Article 1056 (Liquidation of Property of which Inheritor does not Exist)
Article 1057 (Public Notice in Order to Search Inheritor)
Article 1057-2 (Apportionment for Person having Special Connection)
Article 1058 (Escheatment of Inherited Property)
Article 1059 (Prohibition on Demanding Performance with respect to Property Escheated)
CHAPTER II WILLS
SECTION 1 General Provisions
Article 1060 (Formality of Wills)
Article 1061 (Eligible Age to Make Will)
Article 1062 (Wills of Persons with Limited Capacity)
Article 1063 (Capacity of Adult Wards to Make Wills)
Article 1064 (Will and Unborn Child and Ineligible Person for Succession)
SECTION 2 Forms of Wills
Article 1065 (Ordinary Form of Wills)
Article 1066 (Will by Holograph Document)
Article 1067 (Will by Sound Recording)
Article 1068 (Will by Notarial Document)
Article 1069 (Will by Secret Document)
Article 1070 (Will by Instrument of Dictation)
Article 1071 (Conversion of Will made by Secret Document)
Article 1072 (Ineligibility for Witnesses)
SECTION 3 Effect of Wills
Article 1073 (Time for Effectiveness of Wills)
Article 1074 (Acceptance or Renunciation of Testamentary Gift)
Article 1075 (Prohibition of Revocation of Acceptance or Renunciation of Testamentary Gift)
Article 1076 (Acceptance or Renunciation of Inheritor to Testamentary Donee)
Article 1077 (Right to Give Peremptory Notice by Person Charged with Testamentary Gift)
Article 1078 (Rights and Duties of Testamentary Donee by Universal Title)
Article 1079 (Testamentary Donee's Right to Acquire Fruits)
Article 1080 (Right to Demand Reimbursement of Expenses Incurred for Purpose of Collecting Fruits)
Article 1081 (Right to Demand Reimbursement of Expenses by Person Charged with Testamentary Gift)
Article 1082 (Liability for Warranty to be Assumed by Person Charged with Unspecified Testamentary Gift)
Article 1083 (Subrogation for Testamentary Gift)
Article 1084 (Subrogation for Testamentary Gift of which Subject is Claim)
Article 1085 (Item or Right Which Constitutes Subject of Testamentary Gift)
Article 1086 (Cases in which Testator has Declared Different Intention in His Will)
Article 1087 (Testamentary Gift of Right Which does not Comprise Inherited Property)
Article 1088 (Testamentary Gift subject to Charge and Responsibility of Testamentary Donee)
Article 1089 (Death of Testamentary Donee before Effectiveness of Testamentary Gift)
Article 1090 (Null and Void Testamentary Gift and Reversion of Property subject to Testamentary Gift)
SECTION 4 Execution of Wills
Article 1091 (Probate of Testamentary Document or Sound Recording)
Article 1092 (Opening of Testamentary Document)
Article 1093 (Designation of Executor)
Article 1094 (Designation of Executor by Commission)
Article 1095 (Cases in which No Designated Executor Exists)
Article 1096 (Appointment of Executor by Court)
Article 1097 (Acceptance or Renunciation by Executor)
Article 1098 (Ineligibility for Executor of Will)
Article 1099 (Executor's Undertaking of Duties)
Article 1100 (Preparation of Inventory of Property)
Article 1101 (Rights and Duties of Executor)
Article 1102 (Joint Execution)
Article 1103 (Status of Executor)
Article 1104 (Remuneration for Executor)
Article 1105 (Resignation of Executor)
Article 1106 (Removal of Executor from Office)
Article 1107 (Expenses relating to Execution of Wills)
SECTION 5 Withdrawal of Wills
Article 1108 (Withdrawal of Wills)
Article 1109 (Conflict of Wills)
Article 1110 (Withdrawal of Will in case Testamentary Document, etc. is Destroyed)
Article 1111 (Revocation of Will subject to Charge)
CHAPTER III LEGAL RESERVE OF INHERITANCE
Article 1112 (Persons with Right to Legal Reserve of Inheritance and Legal Reserve of Inheritance)
Article 1113 (Calculation of Legal Reserve of Inheritance)
Article 1114 (Gifts to be Added to)
Article 1115 (Recovery of Legal Reserve of Inheritance)
Article 1116 (Sequence of Return)
Article 1117 (Extinctive Prescription)
Article 1118 (Provisions to be Applied Mutatis Mutandis)