Civil Procedure Act
Article 1 (Ideal of Civil Procedure and Principle of Good Faith)
SECTION 1 Jurisdiction
Article 2 (General Forum)
Article 3 (General Forum of Person)
Article 4 (General Forum of Ambassador or Minister)
Article 5 (General Forum of Juristic Person)
Article 6 (General Forum of State)
Article 7 (Special Forum of Workplace)
Article 8 (Special Forum of Place of Residence or Place of Obligation Performance)
Article 9 (Special Forum of Payment Place of Bills or Checks)
Article 10 (Special Forum for Seamen, Military Servicemen, or Military Service Officials)
Article 11 (Special Forum of Location of Property)
Article 12 (Special Forum of Location of Office or Business Place)
Article 13 (Special Forum of Place of Registry of Ship)
Article 14 (Special Forum of Location of Ship)
Article 15 (Special Forum for Company Employees)
Article 16 (Special Forum for Company Employees)
Article 17 (Special Forum for Company Employees)
Article 18 (Special Forum for Locus Delicti)
Article 19 (Special Forum for Salvage)
Article 20 (Special Forum of Location of Immovables)
Article 21 (Special Forum for Register or Registration)
Article 22 (Special Forum for Inheritance and Bequest)
Article 23 (Special Forum for Inheritance and Bequest)
Article 24 (Special Forum for Intellectual Property Rights)
Article 25 (Correlated Forum)
Article 26 (Computation of Value of Subject-Matter of Lawsuit)
Article 27 (Value of Subject-Matter of Lawsuit in Cases of Joinder of Claims)
Article 28 (Designation of Jurisdiction)
Article 29 (Jurisdiction by Agreement)
Article 30 (Jurisdiction by Pleading)
Article 31 (Exclusion by Exclusive Jurisdiction)
Article 32 (Ex Officio Investigation on Jurisdiction)
Article 33 (Time to Become Standard for Jurisdiction)
Article 34 (Transfer Due to Lack of Jurisdiction or by Discretion)
Article 35 (Transfer to Avoid Damage or Delay)
Article 36 (Transfer of Lawsuit about Intellectual Property Rights)
Article 37 (Urgent Disposition after Final Ruling of Transfer)
Article 38 (Effect of Ruling of Transfer)
Article 39 (Immediate Appeal)
Article 40 (Effect of Transfer)
SECTION 2 Exclusion, Challenge, and Avoidance of Judge
Article 41 (Cause of Exclusion)
Article 42 (Judgment on Exclusion)
Article 43 (Right to Challenge by Parties)
Article 44 (Method of Motion for Exclusion or Challenge)
Article 45 (Rejection of Motion for Exclusion or Challenge)
Article 46 (Judgment on Motion for Exclusion or Challenge)
Article 47 (Appeal)
Article 48 (Suspension of Proceedings)
Article 49 (Avoidance of Judge)
Article 50 (Exclusion, Challenge and Avoidance of Junior Administrative Officer of Court)
SECTION 1 Capacity for being Party and Litigation Capacity
Article 51 (Principles as to Capacity for being Party and Litigation Capacity, etc.)
Article 52 (Capacity for being Party in Cases of Other Association, etc. Than Juristic Person)
Article 53 (Appointed Party)
Article 54 (Loss of Party Capacity by Some of Appointed Parties)
Article 55 (Litigation Capacity of Persons with Limited Capacity)
Article 56 (Special Provisions for Litigation by Legal Representatives)
Article 57 (Special Provisions for Litigation Capacity of Foreigners)
Article 58 (Attestation of Authority of Legal Representation)
Article 59 (Measures for Defects in Litigation Capacity)
Article 60 (Defects in Litigation Capacity and Ratification Thereof)
Article 61 (Application Mutatis Mutandis to Appointed Parties)
Article 62 (Special Representatives for Persons with Limited Capacity)
Article 62-2 (Appointments of Special Representatives for Persons Devoid of Mental Capacity)
Article 63 (Notice of Termination of Authority for Legal Representation)
Article 64 (Status of Representatives of Organizations, such as Juristic Persons)
SECTION 2 Co-Litigation
Article 65 (Requisite for Co-Litigation)
Article 66 (Status of Ordinary Co-Litigants)
Article 67 (Special Provisions for Indispensable Co-Litigation)
Article 68 (Addition of Indispensable Co-Litigants)
Article 69 (Special Provisions for Indispensable Co-Litigation)
Article 70 (Special Provisions for Preliminary or Selective Co-Litigation)
SECTION 3 Litigation Intervention
Article 71 (Supplementary Intervention)
Article 72 (Methods of Applying for Intervention)
Article 73 (Judgment on Whether or Not to Permit Intervention)
Article 74 (Forfeiture of Right to Object)
Article 75 (Intervenor’s Participation in Proceedings)
Article 76 (Intervenor's Litigation)
Article 77 (Effect of Judgment on Intervenor)
Article 78 (Supplementary Intervention alike of Co-Litigation)
Article 79 (Intervention as Independent Party)
Article 80 (Withdrawal from Lawsuit Intervened by Independent Party)
Article 81 (Successor's Intervention)
Article 82 (Successor's Takeover of Lawsuit)
Article 83 (Intervention into Co-Litigation)
Article 84 (Requirements for Notice of Lawsuit)
Article 85 (Methods of Notice of Lawsuit)
Article 86 (Effect of Notice of Lawsuit)
SECTION 4 Attorneys
Article 87 (Qualification of Attorney)
Article 88 (Exceptions to Qualification of Attorney)
Article 89 (Attestation of Powers of Attorney)
Article 90 (Scope of Powers of Attorney)
Article 91 (Limitations on Powers of Attorney)
Article 92 (Powers of Attorney under Acts)
Article 93 (Principle of Individual Representation)
Article 94 (Right of Party to Rectify)
Article 95 (Cases of Non-Extinction of Powers of Attorney)
Article 96 (Cases of Non-Extinction of Powers of Attorney)
Article 97 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Provisions concerning Legal Representative)
SECTION 1 Imposition of Costs of Lawsuit
Article 98 (Principle of Bearing Costs of Lawsuit)
Article 99 (Exception to Principles)
Article 100 (Exception to Principles)
Article 101 (Case of Partial Defeat)
Article 102 (Case of Co-Litigation)
Article 103 (Case of Lawsuit by Intervention)
Article 104 (Judgment in Each Instance on Costs of Lawsuit)
Article 105 (Judgment on Whole Costs of Lawsuit)
Article 106 (Sharing of Costs in Cases of Compromise)
Article 107 (Reimbursement of Costs by Third Party)
Article 108 (Bearing of Costs by Unauthorized Representative)
Article 109 (Attorney Fees and Costs of Lawsuit)
Article 110 (Ruling to Fix Amount of Costs of Lawsuit)
Article 111 (Peremptory Notice to Other Party)
Article 112 (Setoff of Costs to be Borne)
Article 113 (Fixing of Amount of Costs in Cases of Compromise)
Article 114 (Cases where Lawsuit has been Concluded without Depending upon Judgment)
Article 115 (Calculation by Junior Administrative Officer of Court)
Article 116 (Prepayment of Costs)
SECTION 2 Security for Costs of Lawsuit
Article 117 (Obligation to Furnish Security)
Article 118 (Forfeiture of Right to Demand Security due to Responding to Lawsuit)
Article 119 (Defendant's Right to Refuse)
Article 120 (Ruling of Furnishing Security)
Article 121 (Appeal)
Article 122 (Method of Furnishing Security)
Article 123 (Defendant's Rights over Security)
Article 124 (Effect of Failure to Furnish Security)
Article 125 (Cancellation of Security)
Article 126 (Change of Security)
Article 127 (Provisions to Apply Mutatis Mutandis)
SECTION 3 Litigation Aid
Article 128 (Requisites for Aid)
Article 129 (Objective Scope of Aid)
Article 130 (Subjective Scope of Effect of Aid)
Article 131 (Cancellation of Aid)
Article 132 (Collection of Deferred Costs)
Article 133 (Appeal)
SECTION 1 Pleadings
Article 134 (Necessity of Pleadings)
Article 135 (Directive Right of Presiding Judge)
Article 136 (Right to Request Elucidation, Right to Ask Questions, etc.)
Article 137 (Order to Prepare for Elucidation)
Article 138 (Supervision by Collegiate Panel)
Article 139 (Designation of and Entrustment to Commissioned Judge)
Article 140 (Measures of Court for Elucidation)
Article 141 (Limitation, Separation or Combination of Pleadings)
Article 142 (Reopening of Pleadings)
Article 143 (Interpretation)
Article 143-2 (Assistance in Statements)
Article 144 (Measures for Persons Lacking Ability to Plead)
Article 145 (Recommendation of Compromise)
Article 146 (Principle of Timely Presentation)
Article 147 (Restriction on Presentation Period)
Article 148 (Case of Non-appearance of Either Party)
Article 149 (Rejection of Inopportune Offence and Defense)
Article 150 (Regarding as Confession)
Article 151 (Right to Object against Litigation Procedures)
Article 152 (Preparation of Protocol of Pleadings)
Article 153 (Formal Matters to be Entered)
Article 154 (Substantial Matters to be Entered)
Article 155 (Ommission of Entry in Protocol)
Article 156 (Quotation and Attachment of Documents)
Article 157 (Interested Party's Right to Request Reading of Protocol)
Article 158 (Verifiability of Protocol)
Article 159 (Stenographing and Tape-recording of Pleadings)
Article 160 (Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis to Other Protocols)
Article 161 (Method of Motion or Statement)
Article 162 (Request for Perusal of Litigation Record, and for Delivery of Certificates)
Article 163 (Restriction on Perusal for Protection of Secrets)
Article 163-2 (Perusal and Duplication of Written Final Judgments)
Article 163-2 (Perusal and Duplication of Written Judgments)
Article 164 (Objection against Protocol)
SECTION 2 Professional Examiners
Article 164-2 (Participation of Professional Examiners)
Article 164-3 (Revocation of Decision of Participation of Professional Examiners)
Article 164-4 (Designation of Professional Examiners)
Article 164-5 (Exclusion and Challenge of Professional Examiners)
Article 164-6 (Authority of Commissioned Judge)
Article 164-7 (Crime of Divulging Confidential Information)
Article 164-8 (Fictitious Public Official in Application of Penalty Provisions)
SECTION 3 Date and Period
Article 165 (Designation and Alteration of Date)
Article 166 (Date on Legal Holidays)
Article 167 (Notification of Date)
Article 168 (Effect of Written Consent to Appearance)
Article 169 (Commencement of Date)
Article 170 (Calculation of Period)
Article 171 (Commencement of Period)
Article 172 (Flexibility of Period and Additional Period)
Article 173 (Subsequent Completion of Litigation)
SECTION 4 Service
Article 174 (Principle of Service Ex Officio)
Article 175 (Persons to Deal with Service Affairs)
Article 176 (Service Agency)
Article 177 (Service by Junior Administrative Officer of Court)
Article 178 (Principle of Service by Delivery)
Article 179 (Service on Incompetent to Stand Trial)
Article 180 (Service on Joint Representatives)
Article 181 (Service on Persons Related to Military)
Article 182 (Service on Confined Person)
Article 183 (Place of Service)
Article 184 (Report on Place to Accept Service)
Article 185 (Duty to Report Change in Place of Service)
Article 186 (Supplementary Service, and Service by Leaving)
Article 187 (Service by Mail)
Article 188 (Service by Box)
Article 189 (Principle of Forwarding)
Article 190 (Service on Legal Holidays)
Article 191 (Method of Service in Foreign Country)
Article 192 (Service on Military Personnel Gone to War, or on Persons Relevant to Military Who are Stationed Abroad)
Article 193 (Notification of Service)
Article 194 (Requirements for Service by Public Notice)
Article 195 (Method of Service by Public Notice)
Article 196 (Taking Effect of Service by Public Notice)
Article 197 (Authority of Commissioned Judge to Effect Service)
SECTION 5 Judgement
Article 198 (Final Judgment)
Article 199 (Period of Pronouncing Final Judgment)
Article 200 (Partial Judgment)
Article 201 (Interlocutory Judgment)
Article 202 (Principle of Free Evaluation of Evidence)
Article 202-2 (Calculation of Damages)
Article 203 (Principle of Disposition)
Article 204 (Principle of Directness)
Article 205 (Taking Effect of Judgment)
Article 206 (Method of Pronouncement)
Article 207 (Date of Pronouncement)
Article 208 (Matters to be Entered in Written Judgment)
Article 209 (Delivery to Junior Administrative Officer of Court)
Article 210 (Service of Written Judgment)
Article 211 (Correction of Judgment)
Article 212 (Omission of Judgment)
Article 213 (Pronouncement of Provisional Execution)
Article 214 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Provisions on Security for Litigation Costs)
Article 215 (Invalidation of Pronouncement of Provisional Execution, Restoration of Provisional Execution to Original Status, and Compensation for Damages)
Article 216 (Objective Extent of Res Judicata)
Article 217 (Recognition of Foreign Country Judgments)
Article 217-2 (Recognition of Final Judgment on Compensation for Damage)
Article 218 (Subjective Extent of Res Judicata)
Article 219 (Rejection of Lawsuit without Holding Any Pleadings)
Article 220 (Effect of Protocol of Compromise or of Waiver or Recognition of Claims)
Article 221 (Notice of Ruling or Order)
Article 222 (Cancellation of Ruling and Order relating to Control of Litigation)
Article 223 (Objection against Disposition Taken by Junior Administrative Officer of Court)
Article 224 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Provisions relating to Judgment)
SECTION 6 Ruling of Recommendation for Compromise
Article 225 (Recommendation for Compromise by Ruling)
Article 226 (Objection against Ruling)
Article 227 (Method of Objection)
Article 228 (Withdrawal of Objection)
Article 229 (Waiver of Right to Object)
Article 230 (Rejection of Objection)
Article 231 (Effect of Ruling of Recommending Compromise)
Article 232 (Return to Litigation by Objection)
SECTION 7 Interruption and Suspension of Proceedings
Article 233 (Interruption due to Party's Death)
Article 234 (Interruption due to Merger of Juristic Person)
Article 235 (Interruption due to Loss of Litigation Capacity or Extinction of Legal Representation Authority)
Article 236 (Interruption due to Termination of Trustee's Duties)
Article 237 (Interruption due to Disqualification)
Article 238 (Exceptions in Cases of Existence of Attorney)
Article 239 (Interruption due to Party's Bankruptcy)
Article 240 (Interruption due to Termination of Bankruptcy Procedures)
Article 241 (Right of Other Party to Request Takeover)
Article 242 (Notification of Request for Takeover)
Article 243 (Judgment on Request for Takeover)
Article 244 (Ex Officio Order to Proceed)
Article 245 (Suspension due to Court's Inability to Perform Functions)
Article 246 (Suspension due to Party's Impediments)
Article 247 (Effect of Suspension of Proceedings)
Article 248 (Method of Institution of Lawsuit)
Article 249 (Matters to be Entered in Written Complaint)
Article 250 (Lawsuit for Confirmation of Whether or Not Document is Authentic)
Article 251 (Lawsuit Claiming Future Performance)
Article 252 (Lawsuit for Alteration to Judgment of Periodical Payment)
Article 253 (Objective Consolidation of Lawsuits)
Article 254 (Right of Presiding Judge to Examine Written Complaint)
Article 255 (Service of Duplicate of Written Complaint)
Article 256 (Liability to Submit Written Defence)
Article 257 (Judgment Rendered without Holding Any Pleadings)
Article 258 (Designation of Date for Pleading)
Article 259 (Prohibition of Double Lawsuits)
Article 260 (Rectification of Defendant)
Article 261 (Service of Ruling as to Request for Rectification)
Article 262 (Alteration in Claims)
Article 263 (Disapproval of Alteration in Claims)
Article 264 (Lawsuit for Interlocutory Confirmation)
Article 265 (Time to Interrupt Prescription due to Institution of Lawsuit)
Article 266 (Withdrawal of Lawsuit)
Article 267 (Effect of Withdrawal of Lawsuit)
Article 268 (Case of Non-appearance of Both Parties)
Article 269 (Counterclaim)
Article 270 (Procedures for Counterclaim)
Article 271 (Withdrawal of Counterclaim)
Article 272 (Concentration of Pleading, and Preparation Therefor)
Article 273 (Submission of Briefs)
Article 274 (Matters to be Entered in Briefs)
Article 275 (Documents Attached to Briefs)
Article 276 (Effect of Non-entry in Briefs)
Article 277 (Attachment of Translation)
Article 278 (Summarized Briefs)
Article 279 (Execution of Preparatory Proceedings for Pleadings)
Article 280 (Progress of Preparatory Proceedings for Pleadings)
Article 281 (Examination of Evidence in Preparatory Proceedings for Pleadings)
Article 282 (Date for Preparatory Pleading)
Article 283 (Protocol of Date for Preparatory Pleadings)
Article 284 (Conclusion of Preparatory Proceedings for Pleadings)
Article 285 (Effect of Concluding Date for Preparatory Pleadings)
Article 286 (Provisions Applied Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 287 (Pleadings after Conclusion of Preparatory Procedures for Pleadings)
SECTION 1 General Provisions
Article 288 (Facts not Requiring Attestation)
Article 289 (Application for Examination of Evidence, and Investigation Thereof)
Article 290 (Adoption or Rejection of Application for Examination of Evidence)
Article 291 (Impediment in Examination of Evidence)
Article 292 (Ex Officio Examination of Evidence)
Article 293 (Concentration of Examination of Evidence)
Article 294 (Entrustment of Examination)
Article 295 (Examination of Evidence under Non-Appearance of Party)
Article 296 (Examination of Evidence in Foreign Country)
Article 297 (Examination of Evidence Outside Court)
Article 298 (Forwarding of Record by Entrusted Judge)
Article 299 (Method of Vindication)
Article 300 (Confiscation of Security Money)
Article 301 (Sanction against False Statement)
Article 302 (Appeal)
SECTION 2 Examination of Witness
Article 303 (Duty of Witness)
Article 304 (Examination of President, Speaker of National Assembly, Chief Justice of Supreme Court, and President of Constitutional Court)
Article 305 (Examination of Members of National Assembly, Prime Minister, or Members of State Council)
Article 306 (Examination of Public Officials)
Article 307 (Limitation on Right to Refuse)
Article 308 (Motion for Examination of Witness)
Article 309 (Matters to be Entered in Writ of Summons)
Article 310 (Submission of Documents Substituting Testimony)
Article 311 (Administrative Fine in Cases of Non-Appearance of Witness)
Article 312 (Compulsory Appearance of Witness Failing to Appear)
Article 313 (Examination of Witness by Commissioned or Entrusted Judge)
Article 314 (Right to Refuse Testimony)
Article 315 (Right to Refuse Testimony)
Article 316 (Vindication of Grounds for Refusal)
Article 317 (Adjudication on Refusal of Testimony)
Article 318 (Sanction against Refusal of Testimony)
Article 319 (Obligation to Take Oath)
Article 320 (Warning of Punishment for Perjury)
Article 321 (Method of Taking Oath)
Article 322 (Incompetency to Take Oath)
Article 323 (Exemption from Taking Oath)
Article 324 (Right to Refuse to Take Oath)
Article 325 (Entry in Protocol)
Article 326 (Sanction against Refusal of Taking Oath)
Article 327 (Method of Examining Witness)
Article 327-2 (Examination of Witness through Video or Other Transmission System)
Article 328 (Separate Examination and Exceptions Thereto)
Article 329 (Examination by Confrontation)
Article 330 (Witness's Obligation to Act)
Article 331 (Principle of Oral Statement by Witness)
Article 332 (Authority of Commissioned or Entrusted Judge)
SECTION 3 Expert Testimony
Article 333 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of Provisions relating to Examination on Witnesses)
Article 334 (Obligation to Give Expert Testimony)
Article 335 (Designation of Expert Witness)
Article 335-2 (Duty of Expert Witness)
Article 336 (Challenge to Expert Witness)
Article 337 (Procedure for Challenge)
Article 338 (Method of Taking Oath)
Article 339 (Method of Stating Expert Testimony)
Article 339-2 (Method of Examining Expert Witness)
Article 339-3 (Examination of Expert Witness through Video or Other Transmission System)
Article 340 (Expert Witness)
Article 341 (Entrustment for Expert Testimony)
Article 342 (Disposition Necessary for Expert Testimony)
SECTION 4 Documentary Evidence
Article 343 (Method of Offering Documentary Evidence)
Article 344 (Obligation to Submit Document)
Article 345 (Method of Requesting Submission of Document)
Article 346 (Submission of Document's Catalogue)
Article 347 (Judgment on Whether or not to Admit Request for Submission of Document)
Article 348 (Appeal)
Article 349 (Effect When Party Fails to Submit Document)
Article 350 (Effect When Party Obstructs Any Use)
Article 351 (Sanction against Non-submission of Document by Third Party)
Article 352 (Entrusting Forwarding of Document)
Article 352-2 (Obligation to Cooperate)
Article 353 (Custody of Submitted Document)
Article 354 (Examination by Commissioned Judge or Entrusted Judge)
Article 355 (Method of Submission of Documents)
Article 356 (Presumption of Authenticity of Official Document)
Article 357 (Attestation of Authenticity of Private Document)
Article 358 (Presumption of Authenticity of Private Document)
Article 359 (Comparison of Handwritings or Impression of Seals)
Article 360 (Procedures for Submission of Documents for Comparison)
Article 361 (Other Party's Obligation to Write in Person)
Article 362 (Attachment of Document for Comparison)
Article 363 (Sanction against Denial of Authenticity of Compared Document)
SECTION 5 Inspection
Article 364 (Application for Inspection)
Article 365 (Expert Testimony at Time of Inspection)
Article 366 (Procedures for Inspection)
SECTION 6 Examination of Parties
Article 367 (Examination of Parties)
Article 368 (Confrontation)
Article 369 (Obligation to Appear, Take Oath or Testify)
Article 370 (Sanction against False Testimony)
Article 371 (Examination Protocol)
Article 372 (Examination of Legal Representatives)
Article 373 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Provisions relating to Examination of Witnesses)
SECTION 7 Other Evidences
Article 374 (Other Evidences)
SECTION 8 Preservation of Evidence
Article 375 (Requirements for Preservation of Evidence)
Article 376 (Jurisdiction over Preservation of Evidence)
Article 377 (Method of Making Motion)
Article 378 (Cases Where Other Party is Unable to be Designated)
Article 379 (Ex Officio Preservation of Evidence)
Article 380 (Prohibition of Appeal)
Article 381 (Participation by Parties)
Article 382 (Record of Preservation of Evidence)
Article 383 (Expenses for Preservation of Evidence)
Article 384 (Reexamination in Pleading)
Article 385 (Method to Request Compromise)
Article 386 (Case of Compromise Achieved)
Article 387 (Case of Failure to Achieve Compromise)
Article 388 (Motion for Institution of Lawsuit)
Article 389 (Expenses of Compromise)
Article 390 (Object of Appeal)
Article 391 (Judgment against Which Independent Appeal is Prohibited)
Article 392 (Decision Subject to Judgment of Court of Appeals)
Article 393 (Withdrawal of Appeal)
Article 394 (Waiver of Right to Appeal)
Article 395 (Method to Waive Right to Appeal)
Article 396 (Period for Filing Appeal)
Article 397 (Method of Filing Appeal, and Matters to be Entered in Petition of Appeal)
Article 398 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of Provisions Relating to Briefs)
Article 399 (Right of Presiding Judge in Original Instance to Examine Petition of Appeal)
Article 400 (Forwarding of Record of Appeal)
Article 401 (Service of Duplicate of Petition of Appeal)
Article 402 (Right of Presiding Judge of Appellate Instance to Examine Petition of Appeal)
Article 403 (Incidental Appeal)
Article 404 (Subordinate Nature of Incidental Appeal)
Article 405 (Method of Filing Incidental Appeal)
Article 406 (Declaration of Provisional Execution)
Article 407 (Scope of Pleading)
Article 408 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Litigation Procedures in First Instance)
Article 409 (Effect of Litigation in First Instance)
Article 410 (Effect of Preparatory Proceedings for Pleading in First Instance)
Article 411 (Prohibition of Alleging Violation of Jurisdiction)
Article 412 (Institution of Counteraction)
Article 413 (Rejection of Appeal without Holding Pleadings)
Article 414 (Dismissal of Appeal)
Article 415 (Scope of Admitting Appeal)
Article 416 (Revocation of Judgment of First Instance)
Article 417 (Revocation due to Violation of Adjudication Procedure)
Article 418 (Essential Remand)
Article 419 (Transfer due to Violation of Jurisdiction)
Article 420 (Method of Drafting Written Judgment)
Article 421 (Return of Litigation Record)
Article 422 (Object of Final Appeal)
Article 423 (Grounds for Appeal to Supreme Court)
Article 424 (Absolute Grounds for Appeal to Supreme Court)
Article 425 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Procedures for Appellate Trial)
Article 426 (Notification of Receipt of Litigation Record)
Article 427 (Submission of Written Statement of Grounds for Appeal to Supreme Court)
Article 428 (Service of Written Statement of Grounds for Final Appeal and Written Answer Thereto)
Article 429 (Rejection of Appeal to Supreme Court Due to Lack of Submission of Written Statement of Grounds for Appeal to Supreme Court)
Article 430 (Procedures for Examination in Trial on Final Appeal)
Article 431 (Scope of Examination)
Article 432 (Binding Force of Fact-Finding Proceedings)
Article 433 (Special Provisions for Direct Final Appeal)
Article 434 (Exception to Matters to be Inspected Ex Officio)
Article 435 (Declaration of Provisional Execution)
Article 436 (Remand After Reversal, and Transfer)
Article 437 (Reversal and Self-Rendering of Judgment)
Article 438 (Forwarding of Litigation Record)
Article 439 (Object of Appeal)
Article 440 (Appeal against Ruling or Order Contrary to Forms)
Article 441 (Quasi-Appeal)
Article 442 (Reappeal)
Article 443 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Provisions for Procedures of Appeal and Final Appeal)
Article 444 (Immediate Appeal)
Article 445 (Method of Filing Appeal)
Article 446 (Disposition of Appeal)
Article 447 (Effect of Immediate Appeal)
Article 448 (Suspension of Execution of Original Judgment)
Article 449 (Special Appeal)
Article 450 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of Provisions)
Article 451 (Grounds for Retrial)
Article 452 (Grounds for Retrial of Trial Constituting Basis)
Article 453 (Competent Court for Retrial)
Article 454 (Interlocutory Judgment on Grounds for Retrial)
Article 455 (Litigation Procedures for Retrial)
Article 456 (Period for Filing Petition for Retrial)
Article 457 (Period for Filing Petition for Retrial)
Article 458 (Essential Matters to be Entered in Petition for Retrial)
Article 459 (Scope of Pleadings and Trial)
Article 460 (Rejection of Petition where Results of Judgment are Justifiable)
Article 461 (Quasi-Retrial)
Article 462 (Requisite for Application)
Article 463 (Competent Court)
Article 464 (Request for Payment Order)
Article 465 (Rejection of Request)
Article 466 (Case Where Payment Order is not Issued)
Article 467 (Ex Parte Question)
Article 468 (Matters to be Entered in Payment Order)
Article 469 (Service of Payment Order)
Article 470 (Effect of Objection)
Article 471 (Rejection of Objection)
Article 472 (Shifting to Litigation)
Article 473 (Dispositions following Shifting to Litigation)
Article 474 (Effect of Payment Order)
Article 475 (Scope of Application of Public Summons)
Article 476 (Court Having Jurisdiction over Procedures for Public Summons)
Article 477 (Request for Public Summons)
Article 478 (Whether or not to Permit Public Summons)
Article 479 (Matters to be Entered in Public Summons)
Article 480 (Method of Public Notice)
Article 481 (Period of Public Summons)
Article 482 (Report prior to Nullification Judgment)
Article 483 (Non-Appearance of Requester, and Designation of New Date)
Article 484 (Treating as Withdrawal)
Article 485 (Case Where Report is Filed)
Article 486 (Requester' Duty to Make Statement)
Article 487 (Nullification Judgment)
Article 488 (Appeal)
Article 489 (Public Notice on Nullification Judgment)
Article 490 (Litigation of Objection against Nullification Judgment)
Article 491 (Period for Institution of Lawsuit)
Article 492 (Public Summons for Declaration of Nullity of Securities)
Article 493 (Holder of Right to Apply for Public Summons as to Deeds)
Article 494 (Vindication of Grounds for Request)
Article 495 (Peremptory Notice to File Report, Warning of Forfeiture of Rights)
Article 496 (Declaration of Nullification Judgment)
Article 497 (Effect of Nullification Judgment)
Article 498 (Time When Judgment becomes Final and Conclusive)
Article 499 (Persons Delivering Certificate of Finality of Judgment)
Article 500 (Suspension of Execution due to Request for Retrial or Subsequent Supplement of Appeal)
Article 501 (Suspension of Execution due to Filing Appeal or Instituting Lawsuit for Alteration)
Article 502 (Court of Security Deposit)