Public Official Election Act
전체선택
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1 (Purpose)
Article 2 (Scope of Application)
Article 3 (Definition of Eligible Voter)
Article 4 (Basis of Population)
Article 5 (Cooperation for Election Affairs)
Article 6 (Guarantee for Exercise of Right to Vote)
Article 6-2 (Guarantee of Voting Leave to Persons Employed by Another)
Article 7 (Responsibilities of Political Parties and Candidates for Fair Competition)
Article 8 (Responsibilities of Press for Fair Reports)
Article 8-2 (Election Broadcast Deliberation Commission)
Article 8-3 (Election News Deliberation Commission)
Article 8-4 (Requests for Counterargument Report on Election News)
Article 8-5 (Internet Election News Deliberation Commission)
Article 8-6 (Correction Report of Internet Press Agencies)
Article 8-7 (Election Broadcasting Debate Commission)
Article 8-8 (Deliberative Committee on Public Opinion Polls Relating to Election)
Article 8-9 (Registration of Polling Institutions or Organizations)
Article 9 (Responsibilities of Public Officials for Neutrality)
Article 10 (Drive of Social Organizations for Fair Election)
Article 10-2 (Fair Election Support Groups)
Article 10-3 (Cyber Fair Election Support Groups)
Article 11 (Status Guarantee of Candidates)
Article 12 (Election Management)
Article 13 (Constituency Election Management)
Article 14 (Commencement of Term of Office)
CHAPTER II RIGHT TO VOTE AND ELIGIBILITY FOR ELECTION
Article 15 (Right to Vote)
Article 16 (Eligibility for Election)
Article 17 (Criteria for Calculating Age)
Article 18 (Disfranchised Persons)
Article 19 (Persons Ineligible for Election)
CHAPTER III ELECTION DISTRICTS AND FIXED NUMBER OF MEMBERS
Article 20 (Election Districts)
Article 21 (Fixed Number of Members of the National Assembly)
Article 22 (Fixed Number of Members of City/Do Council)
Article 23 (Fixed Number of Members of Autonomous Gu/Si/Gun Council)
Article 24 (National Assembly Election Boundary Delimitation Commission)
Article 24-2 (Confirmation of Constituencies for Electing Members to the National Assembly)
Article 24-3 (Election Boundary Delimitation Commissions for Members of Autonomous Gu/Si/Gun Councils)
Article 25 (Delimitation of Boundaries of Constituency for Electing Members to the National Assembly)
Article 26 (Delimitation of Boundaries of Constituencies for Local Council Members)
Article 27 (Postponement of Election in Cases of Change in Constituencies for Members to the National Assembly during Terms of Office)
Article 28 (Adjustment of Fixed Number of Local Council Members during Terms of Office)
Article 29 (Election for Membership Increase of Local Council Members)
Article 30 (Election in Case of Abolition, Establishment, Division, and Merger of Local Governments)
Article 31 (Voting Districts)
Article 32 (Change in Districts)
CHAPTER IV ELECTION PERIOD AND ELECTION DAY
Article 33 (Election Period)
Article 34 (Election Day)
Article 35 (Election Day of Special Election)
Article 36 (Election Day of Postponed Election)
CHAPTER V OFFICIAL LIST OF ELIGIBLE VOTERS
Article 37 (Preparation of Official Lists)
Article 38 (Reporting of Home Voting or Shipboard Voting)
Article 39 (Supervision over Preparation of Official Lists)
Article 40 (Public Perusal of Official Lists)
Article 41 (Objection and Decision)
Article 42 (Appeal of Dissatisfaction and Decision)
Article 43 (Relief of Persons Omitted in Official Lists)
Article 44 (Finalization and Effects of Official Lists)
Article 44-2 (Preparation of Integrated Official Lists of Eligible Voters)
Article 45 (Re-Preparation of Official Lists)
Article 46 (Delivery of Copy of Official Lists)
CHAPTER VI CANDIDATES
Article 47 (Nomination of Candidates by Political Parties)
Article 47-2 (Prohibitions on Accepting Money and Articles concerning Nomination of Candidates by Political Parties)
Article 48 (Recommendations of Candidates by Eligible Voters)
Article 49 (Registration of Candidates)
Article 50 (Prohibition from Canceling and Changing Nomination of Candidates)
Article 51 (Supplementary Registration)
Article 52 (Nullification of Registration)
Article 53 (Candidacy of Public Officials)
Article 54 (Report on Resignation of Candidates)
Article 55 (Public Announcement of Candidate Registration)
Article 56 (Election Deposits)
Article 57 (Return of Election Deposits)
CHAPTER VI-2 PRIMARY ELECTIONS TO NOMINATE CANDIDATES OF POLITICAL PARTIES
Article 57-2 (Primary Elections to Nominate Candidates)
Article 57-3 (Primary Election Campaigns)
Article 57-4 (Entrustment of Primary Election Management)
Article 57-5 (Prohibition from Buying Party Members)
Article 57-6 (Prohibition against Primary Election Campaigns by Public Officials)
Article 57-7 (Raising of Objection to Entrustment of Primary Elections)
Article 57-8 (Provision of Virtual Phone Numbers for Primary Elections)
CHAPTER VII ELECTION CAMPAIGNS
Article 58 (Definition)
Article 58-2 (Soliciting to Participate in Voting)
Article 59 (Period for Election Campaign)
Article 60 (Persons Barred from Election Campaign)
Article 60-2 (Registration of Preliminary Candidates)
Article 60-3 (Election Campaigns by Preliminary Candidates)
Article 60-4 (Collection of Campaign Pledges of Preliminary Candidate)
Article 61 (Establishment of Election Campaign Organizations)
Article 61-2 (Establishment of Political Party's Election Campaign Office)
Article 62 (Appointment of Persons in Charge of Election Campaign Affairs)
Article 63 (Report on Election Campaign Organizations and Election Affairs-Related Persons)
Article 64 (Campaign Posters)
Article 65 (Election Campaign Bulletins)
Article 66 (Written Campaign Promises)
Article 67 (Hanging Banner)
Article 68 (Props Including Shoulder Belts)
Article 69 (Newspaper Advertisements)
Article 70 (Broadcast Advertisements)
Article 71 (Broadcast Speech of Candidates)
Article 72 (Broadcast of Candidate's Campaign Speeches Supervised by Broadcasting Facilities)
Article 73 (Broadcast of Careers)
Article 74 (Career Broadcasts Supervised by Broadcasting Facilities)
Article 75 Deleted.
Article 76 Deleted.
Article 77 Deleted.
Article 78 Deleted.
Article 79 (Campaign Speeches or Interviews at Open Places)
Article 80 (Places Barred from Campaign Speech)
Article 81 (Interviews or Debates by Organizations Inviting Candidates)
Article 82 (Interviews or Debates by Press Inviting Candidates)
Article 82-2 (Interviews or Debates Supervised by Election Broadcasting Debate Commissions)
Article 82-3 (Policy Debates Supervised by Election Broadcasting Debate Commissions)
Article 82-4 (Election Campaigns by Utilizing Information and Communications Networks)
Article 82-5 (Restriction on Transmission of Election Campaign Information)
Article 82-6 (Identification of Real Names on Bulletin Boards or Chatting Pages of Internet Press Agencies)
Article 82-7 (Internet Advertisements)
Article 83 (Provision of Transportation)
Article 84 (Independent Candidates Prohibited from Professing Political Party)
Article 85 (Prohibition of Involvement of Public Officials in Election)
Article 86 (Public Officials Prohibited from Having Effects on Election)
Article 87 (Prohibition of Organization's Election Campaign)
Article 88 (Prohibition of Election Campaign in Favor of other Candidates)
Article 89 (Prohibition of Establishment of Similar Institutions)
Article 89-2 Deleted.
Article 90 (Prohibition of Installing of Facilities)
Article 91 (Restriction on Use of Loudspeaker Systems and Motor Vehicles)
Article 92 (Prohibition of Election Campaign Using Motion Pictures)
Article 93 (Prohibition of Unlawful Distribution or Posting of Documents and Pictures)
Article 94 (Prohibition of Advertisements by Broadcast or Newspaper)
Article 95 (Prohibition of Abnormal Distribution of Newspapers and Magazines)
Article 96 (Prohibition of False Criticism or Report)
Article 97 (Restriction on Acts for Unlawful Use of Broadcast or Newspaper)
Article 98 (Restriction on Use of Broadcast for Election Campaign)
Article 99 (Prohibition of Election Campaign by Internal Broadcast)
Article 100 (Prohibition of Use of Audio Recorders)
Article 101 (Prohibition of other Campaign Speech Meetings)
Article 102 (Restriction on Night Campaign Speeches)
Article 103 (Restriction on Various Assemblies)
Article 104 (Prohibition of Disturbing Acts at Campaign Speech Meeting)
Article 105 (Prohibition of Procession)
Article 106 (Restriction on House-to-House Visits)
Article 107 (Prohibition of Signature or Seal Campaign)
Article 108 (Prohibition of Publication of Results of Public Opinion Poll)
Article 108-2 (Provision of Virtual Phone Numbers for Public Opinion Polls Relating to Election)
Article 108-3 (Prohibition of Publication of the Result of Comparison and Appraisal concerning Policies and Campaign Promises)
Article 109 (Prohibition of Election Campaign by Letters or Telegrams)
Article 110 (Prohibition of Slander against Candidates)
Article 110-2 (Filing Objections to False Information)
Article 111 (Report on Parliamentary Activities)
Article 112 (Definition of Acts of Contribution)
Article 113 (Restriction on Contribution by Candidates)
Article 114 (Restriction on Contribution by Political Parties and Family of Candidate)
Article 115 (Restriction on Contribution by Third Persons)
Article 116 (Prohibition of Solicitation and Request for Contribution)
Article 117 (Prohibition on Receiving Contributions)
Article 117-2 Deleted.
Article 118 (Prohibition of Return Courtesy after Election)
CHAPTER VIII ELECTION EXPENSES
Article 119 (Definition of Election Expenses)
Article 120 (Expenses not Recognized as Election Expenses)
Article 121 (Computation of Restricted Amount of Election Expenses)
Article 122 (Public Announcement of Restricted Amount of Election Expenses)
Article 122-2 (Filling of Election Expenses)
Article 123 Deleted.
Article 124 Deleted.
Article 125 Deleted.
Article 126 Deleted.
Article 127 Deleted.
Article 128 Deleted.
Article 129 Deleted.
Article 130 Deleted.
Article 131 Deleted.
Article 132 Deleted.
Article 133 Deleted.
Article 134 Deleted.
Article 135 (Allowance and Compensation for Actual Expenses for Election Campaign Workers)
Article 135-2 (Restriction on Filling Election Expenses)
Article 136 Deleted.
CHAPTER IX REGULATION OF POLITICAL PARTY ACTIVITIES RELATED TO ELECTION
Article 137 (Restriction on Newspaper Advertisement of Party Platform and Policies)
Article 137-2 (Restriction on Broadcast Speech of Platform and Policy)
Article 138 (Restriction on Distribution of Brochures on Platform and Policies)
Article 138-2 (Restrictions on Distribution of Policy Promise Collection)
Article 139 (Restrictions on Publication and Distribution of Party Organs)
Article 140 (Restriction on Holding and Announcing Rally for Formation of Political Parties)
Article 141 (Restriction on Rally of Party Members)
Article 142 Deleted.
Article 143 Deleted.
Article 144 (Restriction on Recruitment of Party Members)
Article 145 (Restriction on Promotional Materials to be Posted at Headquarters of Political Party)
CHAPTER X VOTING
Article 146 (Methods of Elections)
Article 146-2 (Officials in Charge of Voting Management and Officials in Charge of Early Voting Management)
Article 147 (Establishment of Polling Stations)
Article 148 (Establishment of Early Voting Polling Stations)
Article 149 (Polling Booths in Organizations or Facilities)
Article 149-2 Deleted.
Article 150 (Order of Names of Political Parties and Candidates Printed on Ballot Papers)
Article 151 (Preparation of Ballot Papers and Boxes)
Article 152 (Public Announcement of Ballot Paper Model)
Article 153 (Mailing of Voting Information Notices)
Article 154 (Mailing of Ballot Papers to Home Voters)
Article 154-2 (Transmission of Ballot Papers to Shipboard Voters)
Article 155 (Balloting Hours)
Article 156 (Restriction on Voting)
Article 157 (Procedure for Receiving and Recording Ballot Papers)
Article 158 (Early Voting)
Article 158-2 (Home Voting)
Article 158-3 (Shipboard Voting)
Article 159 (Method of Marking on Ballot)
Article 160 Deleted.
Article 161 (Voting Observation)
Article 162 (Early Voting Observation)
Article 163 (Restriction on Access to Polling Stations)
Article 164 (Maintenance of Order in Polling Stations)
Article 165 (Prohibition of Carrying Arms and Deadly Weapons)
Article 166 (Prohibition of Noisy Speeches and Behaviors Inside and Outside of Polling Stations)
Article 166-2 (Prohibition of Photographing Ballot Papers)
Article 167 (Ensuring Secrecy of Voting)
Article 168 (Closing and Sealing Ballot Boxes)
Article 169 (Preparation of Voting Records)
Article 170 (Sending Ballot Boxes)
Article 171 (Handing Over Documents Related to Voting)
CHAPTER XI BALLOT COUNTING
Article 172 (Management of Ballot Counting)
Article 173 (Counting Centers)
Article 174 (Counting Staff)
Article 175 (Commencement of Ballot Counting)
Article 176 (Receipt of Delivered Early Votes, Home Votes, and Shipboard Votes and Counting thereof)
Article 177 (Opening of Ballot Boxes)
Article 178 (Proceeding of Ballot Counting)
Article 179 (Invalid Votes)
Article 180 (Decision on Objection against Effect of Votes)
Article 181 (Observation of Counting)
Article 182 (Observation of Ballot Counting)
Article 183 (Restriction on Access to, and Maintenance of Order in, Counting Centers)
Article 184 (Sorting Ballot Papers)
Article 185 (Preparation of Ballot-Counting Record, Totalization Record, and Election Record)
Article 186 (Keeping Ballot Papers, Ballot-Counting Records, and Election Records)
CHAPTER XII ELECTED CANDIDATES
Article 187 (Decision on, Public Announcement and Notification of Elected Candidate for President)
Article 188 (Decision on, Public Announcement and Notification of Elected Constituency Members of the National Assembly)
Article 189 (Allocation of Seats of Proportional Representation Members of the National Assembly and Decision on, and Public Announcement and Notification of, Elected Candidates)
Article 190 (Decision on, Public Announcement and Notification of Elected Constituency Members of Local Councils)
Article 190-2 (Decision on, and Public Announcement and Notification of, Elected Proportional Representation Members of Local Councils)
Article 191 (Decision on, Public Announcement and Notification of, Elected Heads of Local Governments)
Article 191-2 (Report on Resignation of Elected Candidates)
Article 192 (Invalidation of Election due to Forfeiture of Eligibility for Election)
Article 193 (Correction of Errors in Decision on Elected Candidates)
Article 194 (Re-Decision on Elected Candidates and Reallocation of Seats of Proportional Representation Members of the National Assembly and of Proportional Representation Members of Local Councils)
CHAPTER XIII REELECTION AND SPECIAL ELECTION
Article 195 (Reelection)
Article 196 (Postponement of Election)
Article 197 (Reelection Due to Partial Invalidation of Election)
Article 198 (Revoting due to Natural Disaster or Terrestrial Upheaval)
Article 199 (Holding Postponed Elections)
Article 200 (Special Elections)
Article 201 (Special Cases concerning Special Elections)
CHAPTER XIV SPECIAL CASES ON SIMULTANEOUS ELECTIONS
Article 202 (Definition of Simultaneous Elections and Election Period)
Article 203 (Scope and Election Day of Simultaneous Elections)
Article 204 (Special Cases concerning Official Lists of Eligible Voters)
Article 205 (Special Cases concerning Establishment of Election Campaign Organizations and Appointment of Election Affairs Personnel)
Article 206 (Special Cases concerning Campaign Posters)
Article 207 (Special Cases of Booklet-type Election Campaign Bulletins)
Article 208 Deleted.
Article 209 (Special Cases concerning Speech or Interview at Open Places)
Article 210 (Special Cases concerning Regulation of Party Activities Related to Election)
Article 211 (Special Cases concerning Ballot Papers and Voting Information Notices)
Article 212 (Special Cases concerning Dispatching and Returning of Ballot Papers for Home Voting and Early Voting)
Article 213 (Special Cases concerning Selection and Appointment of Voting Observers)
Article 214 (Special Cases concerning Opening, etc. of Ballot Boxes)
Article 215 (Special Cases concerning Counting Observers)
Article 216 (Special Cases concerning Holding Four or More Elections Simultaneously)
Article 217 (Special Cases concerning Preparation of Voting Record and Ballot Counting Record)
CHAPTER XIV-2 SPECIAL CASES CONCERNING OVERSEAS ELECTION
Article 218 (Establishment and Operation of Overseas Election Commission)
Article 218-2 (Appointment of Overseas Returning Officer)
Article 218-3 (Duties of Overseas Election Commission and Overseas Returning Officer)
Article 218-4 (Reporting of Overseas Absentees)
Article 218-5 (Application for Registration of Overseas Eligible Voters)
Article 218-6 (Preparation of Register of Reported Absentees to Mission)
Article 218-7 (Sending of Register of Reported Absentees to Mission)
Article 218-8 (Preparation of Official Lists of Overseas Eligible Voters)
Article 218-9 (Preparation of Official Lists of Overseas Absentee Voters)
Article 218-10 (Perusal of Official Lists of Overseas Eligible Voters)
Article 218-11 (Raising of Objection to and Appeal of Dissatisfaction with Official Lists of Overseas Eligible Voters)
Article 218-12 (Curtailment of Period in Election to Fill Presidential Vacancy or Presidential Reelection)
Article 218-13 (Decision and Sending of Official Lists of Overseas Eligible Voters)
Article 218-14 (Special Cases concerning Methods of Overseas Election Campaign)
Article 218-15 (Special Cases concerning Expenses for Election Campaign)
Article 218-16 (Voting Methods of Overseas Election)
Article 218-17 (Establishment and Operation of Overseas Polling Stations)
Article 218-18 (Preparation of Ballot Papers)
Article 218-19 (Procedures for Voting of Overseas Election)
Article 218-20 (Observation of Voting at Overseas Polling Stations)
Article 218-21 (Returning of Overseas Votes)
Article 218-22 (Preparation and Sending of Vote Register of Overseas Polling Station)
Article 218-23 (Receipt of Overseas Votes)
Article 218-24 (Ballot Counting of Overseas Votes)
Article 218-25 (Validity of Overseas Voting)
Article 218-26 (Prescription of Public Prosecution for Criminal in Overseas Election)
Article 218-27 (Duty of Securing Fairness in Overseas Election)
Article 218-28 (Support of Overseas Election Affairs)
Article 218-29 (Handling of Overseas Election Affairs in cases of Natural Disaster)
Article 218-30 (Restrictions on Issuance of Passport to Criminal in Overseas Election)
Article 218-31 (Prohibition of Entry of Foreigners)
Article 218-32 (Consular Investigation of Criminals in Overseas Election)
Article 218-33 (Investigation of Criminals in Overseas Election by Internet-based Video Conferencing)
Article 218-34 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis)
Article 218-35 (Enforcement Rules)
CHAPTER XV LITIGATION ON ELECTION
Article 219 (Election Petitions)
Article 220 (Decision on Petitions)
Article 221 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of the Administrative Appeals Act)
Article 222 (Election Lawsuits)
Article 223 (Lawsuit against Election)
Article 224 (Ruling Invalidity of Election)
Article 225 (Settlement of Lawsuit)
Article 226 (Notification of Lawsuit)
Article 227 (Application of the Administrative Litigation Act)
Article 228 (Examining Evidences)
Article 229 (Special Cases concerning Affixing or Attaching of Revenue Stamps)
CHAPTER XVI PENALTY PROVISIONS
Article 230 (Corrupt Practices and Inducement by Interest)
Article 231 (Corrupt Practices and Inducement by Interest for Economic Benefits)
Article 232 (Corrupt Practices and Inducement by Interest toward Candidates)
Article 233 (Corrupt Practices and Inducement by Interest toward Elected Candidates)
Article 234 (Inducement for Invalidating Election)
Article 235 (Corrupt Practices for Unlawful Use of Broadcasts or Newspapers)
Article 236 (Confiscation of Benefit from Corrupt Practices and Inducement by Interest)
Article 237 (Interference with Freedom of Election)
Article 238 (Interference with Freedom of Election by Military Personnel)
Article 239 (Interference with Freedom of Election by Abuse of Authority)
Article 239-2 (Interference with Freedom of Election by Shipmaster)
Article 240 (Interference with Posters and other Communication Facilities)
Article 241 (Infringement on Secrecy of Voting)
Article 242 (Interference with and Intervention in Voting or Ballot Counting)
Article 242-2 (Public Officials’ Crimes of Intervention in Administration of Overseas Election)
Article 243 (Crimes Concerning Ballot Boxes)
Article 244 (Assault or Disturbance against Those Engaged in or Facilities Related to Election Affairs Management)
Article 245 (Carrying Weapons at Polling Station)
Article 246 (Interference with Election by Many Persons)
Article 247 (Deceptive Entry and Sealing)
Article 248 (Deceptive Voting)
Article 249 (Forgery, or Increasing or Decreasing Votes)
Article 250 (Publication of False Information)
Article 251 (Slanders against Candidates)
Article 252 (Unlawful Use of Broadcasts or Newspapers)
Article 253 (False Indication of Names)
Article 254 (Violation of Election Campaign Period)
Article 255 (Unlawful Election Campaign)
Article 256 (Violation of Various Restrictive Provisions)
Article 257 (Violation of Prohibition and Restriction on Contribution Act)
Article 258 (Unlawful Disbursement of Election Expenses)
Article 259 (Instigation of Election Offense)
Article 260 (Joint Penalty Provisions)
Article 261 (Imposition and Collection of Administrative Fines)
Article 262 (Special Cases concerning Persons Who Voluntarily Surrender to Police)
Article 262-2 (Protection of Reporters, etc. of Election Crimes)
Article 262-3 (Payment of Reward Money to Person Reporting Election Crimes)
CHAPTER XVII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
Article 263 (Invalidity of Election due to Excessive Disbursement of Election Expenses)
Article 264 (Invalidity of Election due to Election Crimes of Elected Candidates)
Article 265 (Invalidity of Election due to Election Offense by Election Campaign Manager)
Article 265-2 (Return of Expenses by Persons whose Election is Invalidated)
Article 266 (Restriction on Attending to Public Affairs due to Election Offense)
Article 267 (Notification on Indictment and Judgment)
Article 268 (Prescription of Public Prosecution)
Article 269 (Jurisdiction of Trial)
Article 270 (Mandatory Statute on Trial Period of Election Crime)
Article 270-2 (Appearance in Court by Accused)
Article 271 (Measures and Vicarious Execution against Unlawful Facilities)
Article 271-2 (Restrictions on Advertisement for Election)
Article 272 (Suspension of Mailing of Unlawful Propaganda Materials)
Article 272-2 (Investigation of Election Crimes)
Article 272-3 (Investigation of Communications-Related Election Crimes)
Article 273 (Request for Ruling)
Article 274 (Report on Election)
Article 275 (Restriction on and Suspension of Election Campaign)
Article 276 (Withdrawal of Promotional Materials after Election Day
Article 277 (Expenses for Election Management)
Article 277-2 (Compensation for Disease, Injury or Death)
Article 278 (Voting and Counting of Votes by Computer Systems)
Article 279 (Utilization for Public Interest of Publicity Materials of Political Party and Candidate)